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Western Cape Trade

2012

The global economic environment is expected to remain weak due mainly to slower growth in key emerging
economies, continued sluggish growth in advanced economies and a prolonged recession in the euro area. The
International Monetary Fund (IMF; 2014) has forecast global growth to remain subdued at 3.6% in 2014 the same
as in 2013. According to the World Trade Organisation (WTO), global trade decreased to 2% in 2012 from 5.2% in
2011 mainly due to slower growth in developed economies and continued uncertainty around the euro area.
According to the IMF, global trade is forecast to increase by 3.1% in 2013 and 5.4% in 2014 mainly driven by trade
flows from developing and emerging economies.

This Wesgro Fact Sheet provides a detailed trend analysis, providing key trade related statistics for the Western
Cape region for 2012. Specifically, it shows the Western Cape’s global regional trade flows, the provincial and
district trade flows, the top and fastest growing traded products, and the top and fastest growing export and import
markets for the province.

1. Western Cape Trade Trends

It is evident from the graph that both imports and exports increased between 2004 and 2008, with decreases in
both imports and exports occurring in 2009 and 2010. However in 2011 and 2012, both exports and imports
experienced strong growth. Western Cape exports increased 18% from ZAR64.6bn in 2011 to ZAR54.6bn in 2012
and imports decreased by 28% from ZAR140bn in 2011 to ZAR179bn in 2012.

It is clear from the figure below that in 2012 the province experienced the highest level of exports and imports over
the ten year period and 2012 was also the only year that the Western Cape trade exceeded pre-financial crisis
levels, with both exports and imports strongly recovering since the decline in 2009.

Between 2003 and 2008, the province experienced an increasing trade deficit, however, the trade deficit decreased
from 111% in 2008 to 65% in 2009 and further decreased to 54% in 2010. The trade deficit then increased by 85%
in 2011 and by 115% in 2012.

WESTERN CAPE TRADE, 2003-2012

200

150
Value (ZARbn)

100

50

-50

-100

-150
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Exports (ZARbn) 33.5 31.4 36.0 38.1 48.1 60.2 52.5 51.1 54.6 64.6
Imports (ZARbn) 47.7 55.1 68.5 102.6 124.5 171.6 117.2 105.3 140.3 179.4
Trade balance -14.2 -23.7 -32.5 -64.5 -76.4 -111.4 -64.7 -54.3 -85.8 -114.8

Source: Quantec, 2013


The figure below shows the Western Cape’s annual trade growth for the period 2003 to 2012. The province’s
average annual growth of exports was 7% over the ten year period, while imports grew by 16% in the same period.
The biggest decline in both exports and imports was during the financial crisis in 2009, where exports declined by
13% and imports declined by 32%. However from 2010 to 2012, both exports and imports recovered strongly, with
exports increasing by 19% and imports by 28% in 2012.

WESTERN CAPE ANNUAL TRADE GROWTH, 2003-2012

60%
50%
40%
30%
% Growth

20%
10%
0%
-10%
-20%
-30%
-40%
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Exports growth -6.7% -6.2% 14.5% 6.0% 26.2% 25.2% -12.8% -2.8% 6.8% 18.5%
Imports growth -4.7% 15.7% 24.1% 49.9% 21.4% 37.9% -31.7% -10.1% 33.2% 27.9%

Source: Quantec, 2013

2. Provincial and District Trade Flows

As shown below, it is seen that Gauteng is the leading province in terms of trade flows, with total trade reaching
ZAR973bn in 2012 from ZAR916bn in 2011. The province is the country’s largest importer and largest exporter.
The large trade flows in Gauteng are due to the province being the largest contributor to the country’s GDP with 2
more economic activity taking place in the Gauteng province than other provinces in South Africa. The Western
Cape is the second largest in terms of total trade flows, with total trade reaching ZAR244bn in 2012 from ZAR195bn
in 2011, while Kwa-Zulu Natal is the third largest trade province in South Africa.

The provinces in South Africa have varying trade account balances, with some provinces being net importers whilst
others are net exporters. Net exporters include North-West, Mpumalanga, Limpopo and the Northern Cape. Net
importers include Gauteng, Western Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape and the Free State.

SOUTH AFRICAN TRADE BY PROVINCE, 2012

600

500
Value (ZARbn)

400

300

200

100

0
Kwazulu- Western Eastern North Mpumala Free Northern
Gauteng Limpopo
Natal Cape Cape West nga State Cape
Exports (ZARbn) 472.0 85.0 64.6 29.5 17.1 14.2 12.0 3.5 3.1
Imports (ZARbn) 500.9 96.7 179.4 37.8 6.4 3.3 3.8 3.7 1.2

Source: Quantec, 2013


In terms of average annual trade growth, the graph below shows that the Northern Cape was the leading province
in terms of export growth increasing by an annual average growth rate of 149% between 2003 and 2012. The North
West has the second largest growth in exports, with annual average growth of 37% over the past ten years.
Limpopo has the largest growth in imports, with annual average growth of 46% over the past ten years, followed
by North- West at 19% and the Western Cape at 16%.

SOUTH AFRICAN AVERAGE TRADE GROWTH BY PROVINCE, 2003-2012

148.8%
Northern Cape
1.4%
36.5%
North West
18.8%
26.1%
Limpopo
46.0%
15.1%
Free State
11.0%
13.0%
Gauteng
13.3%
10.9%
Mpumalanga
12.7%
6.9%
Western Cape
16.3%
6.8%
Kwazulu-Natal
13.2%
6.8%
Eastern Cape
5.8%
0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 120% 140% 160%

% Exports % Imports
3
Source: Quantec, 2013

In the next graph, Western Cape exports are broken down into the various districts of the Western Cape to indicate
their respective share in Western Cape exports. Within the province, the City of Cape Town is the largest exporter
with exports reaching ZAR45bn in 2012. The Cape Winelands was the province’s second largest exporter at
ZAR12bn. All districts experienced increased growth in exports in 2012.

WESTERN CAPE EXPORTS BY DISTRICTS, 2010-2012

50,000

45,000

40,000

35,000
Value (ZARm)

30,000

25,000

20,000

15,000

10,000

5,000

0
City of Cape Cape
West Coast Overberg Eden Central Karoo
Town Winelands
2010 35,488.5 10,892.3 3,196.7 748.9 757.6 0.9
2011 38,405.7 12,176.2 2,533.5 898.3 542.9 0.6
2012 45,416.4 12,382.2 5,170.0 1,035.6 624.9 0.6

Source: Quantec, 2013


The graph below illustrates the Western Cape average annual trade growth trend for the various districts of the
province. From the graph it is evident that the West Coast is the leading district in terms of export growth, with an
average annual growth of 30% from 2008 to 2012, followed by the Cape Winelands at 13%. The Central Karoo is
the leading destination in terms of import growth, with an average annual growth rate of 49%, followed by the Cape
Winelands at 28%.

WESTERN CAPE DISTRICT ANNUAL AVERAGE GROWTH TRADE, 2008-2012

29.6%
West Coast
14.60%

13.2%
Cape Winelands
27.76%

5.5%
City of Cape Town
11.12%

4.1%
Central Karoo
49.47%

3.3%
Overberg
5.77%

-10.6%
Eden
13.56%

-20% -10% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60%

Exports Imports

Source: Quantec and own calculations, 2013

3. Western Cape Regional Trade Flows


4
The Western Cape benefits from the preferential trade agreements between South Africa and its preferential trading
partners. The region thus has advantageous access to world markets through preferential trade agreements
between South Africa and other major markets such as Europe and the United States. South Africa is also a
member of the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC); Trade, Development and Cooperation
Agreement (TDCA) and the Southern African Customs Union (SACU) among other agreements. South Africa is
used as a geographic gateway to the African market and the Western Cape is strategically positioned for African
market access and offers opportunities for oil and gas service providers to the West African markets.

The next graph indicates Western Cape regional export flows during 2012 and the contribution to each region to
the Western Cape’s exports. Europe continued to be the leading export destination for the province’s exports in
2012, worth an estimated ZAR23bn, while Africa and Asia came in second and third, valued at ZAR14bn and
ZAR13bn respectively.

In 2012, Western Cape exports to all experienced positive growth to all regions, with the Middle East having the
highest growth rate of 56% in 2012, followed by Asia and South America growing by 35% and 29% respectively.
WESTERN CAPE EXPORTS BY REGION, 2012

70%
Size of the
Middle East (ZAR4bn) Bubble indicates
60% export value
(ZARbn)
50%
Growth (%) 2011-2012

Asia (ZAR13bn)
40%
South America
(ZAR1bn)
30%
North America Africa (ZAR14bn)
(ZAR5bn)
20%
Europe (ZAR23bn)

10% Oceania (ZAR1.3bn)

0%
0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45%

-10%
Share of Exports (%)

Source: Quantec and own calculations, 2013

The next graph indicates Western Cape regional import flows during 2012 and the contribution from each region
to the Western Cape’s imports. The largest share of imports into the Western Cape is from Asia, with imports
valued at ZAR54bn in 2012. The Middle East and Africa are ranked second and third largest import regions, with
a value of ZAR48bn and ZAR37bn respectively. Africa was the fastest growing region for Western Cape imports in
2012, increasing at an astounding rate of 110%.
5

WESTERN CAPE IMPORTS BY REGION, 2012

140%
Africa (ZAR37bn) Size of the
120% Bubble indicates
import value
(ZARbn)
100%

Middle East (ZAR48bn)


Growth (%) 2011-2012

80%

60%

40%
Oceania (ZAR1bn) Europe (ZAR29bn)
20%
South America Asia (ZAR54bn)
(ZAR5bn)
0%
0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40%
-20%
North America
(ZAR4.8bn)
-40%

-60%
% Share of Imports 2012

Source: Quantec and own calculations, 2013


4. Western Cape Source and Destination Markets

The top ten export destination markets for the Western Cape for 2012 are described in the table below. The top
three export destinations for the Western Cape have remained among the top destinations for a number of years.
The top two countries for Western Cape exports are in the EU, namely the Netherlands (ZAR6.8bn), and the United
Kingdom (ZAR5.3bn), accounting for a combined 18% of total exports.

The most significant development has been the rise in ranking of Malaysia and Singapore as Western Cape export
destinations. Malaysia increased in ranking from 11th in 2011 to 4th in 2012, while Singapore increased in ranking
from 23rd in 2011 to 6th in 2012.

TOP 10 WESTERN CAPE EXPORT MARKETS, 2012


VALUE % %
RANK IMPORTERS 2012 SHARE GROWTH
(ZARbn) 2012 2011-2012
1 Netherlands 6.8 10.52% 25.52%
2 United Kingdom 5.3 8.24% 7.44%
3 United States 3.3 5.17% 27.87%
4 Malaysia 3.1 4.85% 139.56%
5 Germany 3.1 4.75% -1.82%
6 Singapore 2.5 3.83% 209.10%
7 Angola 2.3 3.52% 23.13%
8 United Arab Emirates 1.6 2.46% 59.43%
9 Zambia 1.5 2.36% 6.54%
10 Mozambique 1.5 2.35% -11.71%
TOTAL EXPORTS 64.6 100% 18.46%
Source: Quantec and own calculations, 2013 6
The table below indicates the top ten source markets of Western Cape import markets for 2012. Saudi Arabia was
the leading import market in 2012 valued at ZAR38bn. The top four import markets accounted for 49% of all imports,
with three of the top four import markets all being oil exporters. The top ten import markets account for 70% of the
province total imports, with a combined value of ZAR123bn in 2012.

TOP 10 WESTERN CAPE IMPORT MARKETS, 2012


VALUE % %
RANK EXPORTERS 2012 SHARE GROWTH
(ZARbn) 2012 2011-2012
1 Saudi Arabia 37.8 21.07% 126.6%
2 China 20.1 11.21% 18.2%
3 Nigeria 17.1 9.56% 75.5%
4 Angola 12.1 6.76% 130.2%
5 India 9.3 5.21% 17.7%
6 Iran 7.1 3.94% -55.7%
7 United Kingdom 5.4 3.03% -19.1%
8 Netherlands 5.2 2.91% 114.4%
9 Germany 4.9 2.73% 9.9%
10 United Arab Emirates 4.7 2.61% 6.6%
TOTAL IMPORTS 179.4 100% 27.85%
Source: Quantec and own calculations, 2013
5. Export Products from the Western Cape

The contribution share of the top ten Western Cape exports for 2012 are depicted in the figure below. It is apparent
that the product with the largest share is edible fruit and nuts which contributed 21% to the Western Cape’s exports.
The province produces around 55% to 60% of South Africa’s agricultural exports. The contribution of the Western
Cape to South Africa’s commercial agriculture is approximately 21%. Mineral fuels and beverages, spirits and
vinegar rank second and third with 15% and 11% respectively. An oil refinery in Cape Town and the country’s only
gas to liquid (GTL) refinery in Mossel Bay are the main facilities in the well-established oil and gas industry of the
Western Cape and can be attributed to the high mineral fuels exports from the province. The top twenty Western
Cape export products (HS2-level) for 2012 are depicted in the table in Appendix 1.

The table in Appendix 2 shows the export contribution for the top twenty exported products (HS4-level) for 2012 to
the Western Cape. The leading export product is refined petroleum that makes up nearly 14% of the province
imports, valued at ZAR8.9bn, followed by grape wines and citrus fruits accounting for 9% and 8% respectively.

TOP 10 WESTERN CAPE EXPORTS (HS2)

180%
Miscellaneous
160% chemical products
(ZAR2bn)
140% Iron & Steel (ZAR4bn)

120%
Growth (%) 2011-2012

100% Optical, photo, medical


apparatus (ZAR1bn)
80%
Mineral fuels (ZAR9bn)
60%
Tobacco (ZAR2bn) Machinery & Edible fruit & nuts
40% Equipment (ZAR5bn) (ZAR14bn)
20%
Beverages, spirits &
Vegetable &
0% vinegar (ZAR7bn)
fruit 7
0% (ZAR3bn) 5% 10% 15% 20% 25%
-20%
Fish &
-40% crustaceans
(ZAR3bn) Share of Total Exports (%)

Source: Quantec & own calculations, 2013

The top twenty fastest growing Western Cape export products (HS4-level) for the period 2008 to 2012 are depicted
in the diagram below. Soya beans are the leading export growth product from the Western Cape over the past five
years. Quicklime, slaked and hydraulic lime for construction and public transport type passenger motor vehicles
are ranked second and third respectively.

TOP 20 WESTERN CAPE EXPORT GROWTH PRODUCTS, 2008-2012

270%
Special purpose motor vehicles 273%
279%
Earth or snow moving, boring or pile driving machines 297%
319%
Navigational instruments, direction finding compasses 329%
406%
Birds eggs, other than in shell, egg yolks 493%
536%
Parts of railway, tramway locomotives, rolling-stock 609%
637%
Processed animal, vegetable oils, industrial preps nes 690%
932%
Synthetic staple fibres, not processed for spinning 1910%
2015%
Hot-rolled products, iron/steel, width>600mm, not clad 6045%
17716%
Public-transport type passenger motor vehicles 23133%
249257%
Soya beans 1038447%
0% 200000% 400000% 600000% 800000% 1000000% 1200000%

Source: Quantec & own calculations, 2013


The table below indicates the products for which the Western Cape is the leading exporter in South Africa and the
percentage share of products exceeding 40% share. Around 95% of the products below are from the agribusiness
sector, indicating that the Western Cape is a significant agribusiness exporter for South Africa.

WESTERN CAPE SHARE OF SOUTH AFRICAN EXPORTS >40% (HS2), 2012


VALUE 2012 % SHARE % GROWTH
RANK PRODUCTS
(ZARm) WC/SA 2012 2011-2012
1 Tobacco & manufactured tobacco substitutes 1 471.6 88.6% 34.0%
2 Bird skin, feathers, artificial flowers, human hair 75.8 85.5% 99.5%
3 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic invertebrates 3 021.7 85.0% -0.3%
4 Ships, boats & other floating structures 630.3 81.6% -33.0%
5 Meat, fish & seafood food preparations 467.4 78.8% 9.6%
6 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 7 004.8 77.6% 9.5%
7 Edible fruit, nuts, peel of citrus fruit, melons 13 628.7 72.1% 11.2%
8 Vegetable, fruit, nut, food preparations 2 684.5 67.7% 13.5%
9 Products of animal origin 88.9 64.6% 9.9%
10 Residues, wastes of food industry, animal fodder 656.3 59.3% 58.3%
11 Lac, gums, resins, vegetable saps and extracts 23.9 58.2% -17.9%
12 Vegetable textile fibres, paper yarn, woven fabric 8.9 49.7% -58.6%
13 Articles of apparel, accessories, knit or crochet 142.3 45.7% 13.6%
14 Edible vegetables & certain roots and tubers 315.5 45.5% 56.2%
15 Oil seed, oleagic fruits, grain, seed, fruit 723.8 44.8% 87.7%
16 Live trees, plants, bulbs, roots, cut flowers 233.5 41.1% 8.2%
17 Knitted or crocheted fabric 26.5 40.7% 5.2%
18 Albuminoids, modified starches, glues, enzymes 163.8 40.0% 27.3%
19 Lac, gums, resins, vegetable saps and extracts 23.9 58.2% -17.9% 8
20 Vegetable textile fibres, paper yarn, woven fabric 8.9 49.7% -58.6%
TOTAL EXPORTS 64 629.6 9.2% 18.5%
Source: Quantec and own calculations, 2013

As shown below, the sector with the largest export of its output is food, beverages and tobacco products valued at
ZAR43bn. Petroleum products, chemicals and rubber is ranked second at ZAR34bn and agriculture, forestry and
fishing rank third at ZAR23bn.
WESTERN CAPE OUTPUT & EXPORTS BY SECTOR, 2011

50,000 180%
45,000 160%
40,000 140%
35,000
120%
Value (ZARm)

30,000

Export Share (%)


100%
25,000
80%
20,000
60%
15,000
10,000 40%

5,000 20%
0 0%
Metals, Radio,
Petroleum
metal Wood, Textiles, TV,
Food, products, Agricultur Furniture Other Electrical
products, Transport paper, clothing instrumen Mining
beverage chemicals e, forestry and other non-metal machiner
machiner equipmen publishing and ts, and
s and , rubber and manufact mineral y and
y and t and leather watches quarrying
tobacco and fishing uring products apparatus
equipmen printing goods and
plastic
t clocks
Output (ZARm) 42,969 34,431 22,733 20,776 14,780 14,644 10,292 9,689 4,658 3,655 2,191 704
Export (ZARm) 14,287 9,824 15,540 6,168 2,086 549 1,928 682 158 302 1,181 1,157
Export % 33.25% 28.53% 68.36% 29.69% 14.11% 3.75% 18.74% 7.04% 3.39% 8.27% 53.93% 164.45%

Source: Quantec and own calculations, 2013

6. Import Products to the Western Cape

The contribution share of the top ten Western Cape imports for 2012 is depicted in the figure below. It is apparent
that the product with the largest share is mineral fuels which makes up 62% of the province’s imports, valued at
ZAR111bn. The main reason is that the Western Cape is a major support and services hub for the Nigerian and 9
Angolan oil industry and so a significant amount of oil is transported through the Western Cape every year.
Machinery and equipment and electrical equipment are the second and third largest imports, contributing 5% and
2% respectively.

TOP 10 WESTERN CAPE IMPORT PRODUCTS, 2012 (HS2)

40% Mineral fuels


(ZAR111bn)

35%
Machinery & Equipment (ZAR9bn)
30%

Footware & gaiters (ZAR3bn)


25%
Growth (%) 2011-2012

Articles of apparel, nit/crochet (ZAR3bn)

20% Articles of apparel not kit/crochet (ZAR2.5bn)


Platics & artciles (ZAR3bn)
Beverages, spirits & vinegar (ZAR3bn)
15%
Optical, photo, medical apparatus (ZAR2bn)

10%

5%
Cereals (ZAR2bn)

0% Electrical & electronic equipment (ZAR4bn)


0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80%

-5%
Share of Total Imports (%)

Source: Quantec and own calculations, 2013


Mineral fuels was the strongest growing import product among the top 10 list, growing at 33% in 2012, followed by
machinery and equipment and footwear and gaiters, growing at 30% and 29%. The top twenty Western Cape
import products (HS2-level) for 2012 are depicted in the table in Appendix 3.

The table in Appendix 4 shows the import contribution for the top twenty imported products (HS4-level) for 2012 to
the Western Cape. The leading import product is crude oil which makes up nearly 44% of the province imports,
valued at ZAR78.8bn. Refined petroleum and liquor are the second and third largest imports, contributing 17% and
1.1% respectively

The top ten Western Cape import growth products (HS4-level) for the period 2008 to 2012 are depicted in the bar
graph below. Sulphides and polysulphides of metals are the fastest growing import product to the Western Cape,
growing by 33,233% between 2008 and 2012. Sulphur except sublimated and butter and other fats and oils derived
from milk a ranked second and third growing by 23,397% and 22,066% respectively.

TOP 20 WESTERN CAPE IMPORT GROWTH PRODUCTS, 2008-2012

Marble, travertine, ecaussine etc 3266%


Wool and animal hair, carded or combed 3396%
Nickel tubes, pipes and tube or pipe fittings 3411%
Flat-rolled iron/steel, >600mm, not clad, plated, etc 3735%
Residual lyes from the manufacture of wood pulp etc 3789%
Hydrogen peroxide, (including solidified with urea) 4414%
Hot rolled bar, rod of iron/steel, in irregular coils 4716%
Semi-finished products of iron or non-alloy steel 4854%
Prepared driers 5648%
Raw hides and skins of bovine, equine animals 7400%
Limestone materials for manufacture of lime or cement 8815%
Iron/steel bar, only forged hot-rolled drawn, extruded 8995%
Signals etc for rail, tram, water-way, port, airfield 9615%
10
Artificial, graphite and preparations 13801%
Yarn of other vegetable textile fibres, paper yarn 14359%
Balloons, dirigibles, gliders, non-powered aircraft 17828%
Fluorine, chlorine, bromine and iodine 18513%
Butter and other fats and oils derived from milk 22066%
Sulphur, except sublimated, precipitated, colloidal 23397%
Sulphides, polysulphides of metals 33233%
0% 5000% 10000% 15000% 20000% 25000% 30000% 35000%

Source: Quantec and own calculations, 2013


Appendix 1 – Top 20 Western Cape Exports, 2012 – Products

TOP 20 WESTERN CAPE EXPORTS, 2012 (HS2: SUB-SECTOR)


VALUE 2012 % SHARE OF % GROWTH 2011-
RANK PRODUCTS
(ZARm) TOTAL EXPORTS 2012
1 Edible fruit, nuts, peel of citrus fruit, melons 13 628.7 21.09% 11.15%
2 Mineral fuels, oils, distillation products 9 372.2 14.50% 48.76%
3 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 7 004.8 10.84% 9.50%
4 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery 4 718.6 7.30% 15.06%
5 Iron and steel 4 403.8 6.81% 131.07%
6 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic invertebrates 3 021.7 4.68% -0.32%
7 Vegetable, fruit, nut, food preparations 2 684.5 4.15% 13.46%
8 Miscellaneous chemical products 1 857.6 2.87% 139.37%
9 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 1 471.6 2.28% 34.00%
10 Optical, photo, technical, medical, apparatus 1 228.3 1.90% 99.41%
11 Pearls, precious stones, metals, coins 1 068.4 1.65% 30.14%
12 Electrical, electronic equipment 825.7 1.28% -50.98%
13 Copper and articles thereof 821.2 1.27% -5.92%
14 Essential oils, perfumes, cosmetics, toileteries 757.6 1.17% 34.90%
15 Oil seed, oleagic fruits, grain, seed, fruit 723.8 1.12% 87.67%
16 Plastics and articles thereof 719.1 1.11% 6.60%
17 Residues, wastes of food industry, animal fodder 656.3 1.02% 58.35%
18 Ships, boats and other floating structures 630.3 0.98% -33.05%
19 Vehicles other than railway, tramway 593.7 0.92% 40.63%
20 Salt, sulphur, earth, stone, plaster, lime and cement 545.6 0.84% 7.07%
11
TOTAL EXPORTS 64 629.6 100% 18.46%
Source: Quantec and own calculations, 2013
Appendix 2 – Top 20 Western Cape Exports, 2012 – Products

TOP 20 WESTERN CAPE EXPORTS, 2012 (HS4: SUB-SECTOR)


VALUE 2012 % SHARE OF % GROWTH 2011-
RANK PRODUCTS
(ZARm) TOTAL EXPORTS 2012
1 Oils petroleum, bituminous, distillates, except crude 8 860.3 13.71% 52.56%
2 Grape wines(including fortified), alcoholic grape must 5 849.7 9.05% 9.63%
3 Citrus fruit, fresh or dried 5 366.4 8.30% 3.92%
4 Apples, pears and quinces, fresh 3 641.7 5.63% 17.68%
5 Grapes, fresh or dried 3 290.2 5.09% 16.11%
Hot-rolled products, iron/steel, width>600mm, not
6 2 895.2 4.48% 28796.56%
clad
7 Liquid, gas centrifuges, filtering, purifying machines 2 147.5 3.32% -5.25%
H3814: Organic composite solvents, paint, varnish
8 1 489.4 2.30% 239.33%
remover
9 Fruit, nut, edible plant parts, prepared/preserved 1 372.2 2.12% 13.10%
10 Fruit and vegetable juices, not fermented or spirited 1 148.8 1.78% 15.00%
11 Cigars, cigarettes, tobacco or tobacco substitute 850.4 1.32% 30.65%
12 Fish fillets, fish meat, mince except liver, roe 804.5 1.24% 6.62%
13 Copper, copper alloy, waste or scrap 802.5 1.24% -6.05%
14 Fish, frozen, whole 802.4 1.24% 4.27%
15 Diamonds, not mounted or set 780.7 1.21% 31.52%
16 Liqueur, spirits and undenatured ethyl alcohol <80% 771.8 1.19% 7.21%
17 Stone fruit, fresh (apricot, cherry, plum, peach 737.3 1.14% -1.15%
18 Crustaceans 670.2 1.04% 4.85%
19 Ferrous waste or scrap, ingots or iron or steel 636.8 0.99% -4.48%
20 Flour of meat, fish or offal for animal feed 610.6 0.94% 62.89%
12
TOTAL EXPORTS 64 629.6 100% 18.46%
Source: Quantec and own calculations, 2013
Appendix 3 – Top 20 Western Cape Imports, 2012 – Sub-Sectors
TOP 20 WESTERN CAPE IMPORTS 2010 (HS2: PRODUCTS)
% SHARE OF
VALUE 2012 % GROWTH 2011-
RANK PRODUCTS TOTAL
(ZARm) 2012
EXPORTS
1 Mineral fuels, oils, distillation products 110 548.0 61.61% 33.08%
2 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery 8 788.9 4.90% 29.88%
3 Electrical, electronic equipment 3 895.3 2.17% 0.44%
4 Footwear, gaiters and the like, parts thereof 3 237.6 1.80% 28.70%
5 Plastics and articles thereof 2 975.4 1.66% 17.26%
6 Articles of apparel, accessories, knit or crochet 2 935.3 1.64% 21.89%
7 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 2 722.6 1.52% 16.09%
Articles of apparel, accessories, not knit or
8 2 533.6 1.41% 21.81%
crochet
9 Optical, photo, technical, medical, apparatus 2 119.1 1.18% 15.72%
10 Cereals 1 845.0 1.03% 2.26%
11 Meat, fish and seafood food preparations 1 745.3 0.97% 132.28%
12 Miscellaneous chemical products 1 452.7 0.81% 56.29%
Paper & paperboard, articles of pulp, paper and
13 1 452.3 0.81% 18.72%
board
14 Ships, boats and other floating structures 1 340.3 0.75% 1991.72%
15 Vehicles other than railway, tramway 1 339.5 0.75% 32.36%
16 Furniture, lighting, signs, prefabricated buildings 1 339.3 0.75% 18.98%
17 Meat and edible meat offal 1 280.3 0.71% 52.29%
18 Vegetable, fruit, nut, food preparations 1 212.9 0.68% 28.81%
19 Pharmaceutical products 1 210.0 0.67% -49.44%
13
20 Toys, games, sports requisites 1 189.9 0.66% 24.41%
TOTAL IMPORTS 179 420.4 100% 27.85%
Source: Quantec and own calculations, 2013
Appendix 4 – Top 20 Western Cape Imports, 2012 – Products

TOP 20 WESTERN CAPE IMPORTS, 2012 (HS4: PRODUCTS)


VALUE 2012 % SHARE OF % GROWTH 2011-
RANK PRODUCTS
(ZARm) TOTAL IMPORTS 2012
Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals,
1 79 764.2 44.46% 37.40%
crude
Oils petroleum, bituminous, distillates, except
2 30 487.2 16.99% 23.55%
crude
Liqueur, spirits and undenatured ethyl alcohol
3 2 040.4 1.14% 6.58%
<80%
4 Prepared or preserved fish, fish eggs, caviar 1 526.3 0.85% 151.94%
5 Footwear, with outer sole, upper rubber or plastic 1 366.7 0.76% 17.41%
6 Passenger and goods transport ships, boats 1 219.6 0.68% 2992818.99%
7 Footwear with uppers of textile materials 1 159.5 0.65% 49.94%
8 Machines having individual functions 1 059.7 0.59% 307.24%
Medicaments, therapeutic, prophylactic use, in
9 959.3 0.53% -47.40%
dosage
10 Wheat and meslin 927.2 0.52% -16.34%
11 Meat, edible offal of domestic poultry 892.4 0.50% 57.43%
12 Rice 882.6 0.49% 37.74%
13 Iron ores and concentrates, roasted iron pyrites 763.1 0.43% 29.99%
Fruit and vegetable juices, not fermented or
14 746.4 0.42% 31.19%
spirited
15 Electric equipment with heating element, domesti 718.2 0.40% 5.36%
16 Mens or boys suits, jackets, trousers etc not knit 712.2 0.40% 27.31%
17 Parts and accessories for motor vehicles 629.9 0.35% 9.89%
18 Instruments for medical, surgical, dental, use 615.2 0.34% 21.52% 14
19 Trunks, suit-cases, camera cases, handbags, 594.3 0.33% 16.67%
20 Footwear with uppers of leather 583.9 0.33% 15.35%
TOTAL IMPORTS 179 420.4 100% 27.85%
Source: Quantec and own calculations, 2013

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