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.<:*

Taking Possession of Ukrainian Warehouse in Munich

Ukrainian Culture Week" in Munich A Great Success

yesterday,

April

-

LECTURE LAUNCHES SPRING PROGRAM OF CHICAGO ARTS CLUB

to

launch

Club

of

Chicago,

Interest

to

all

that

city

an

and

SPRING

mountains

Mounds of snow like

Miniature

Pictured above is Roman Smook, tions from the Ukrainian American

young

Dot the landscape While the sky laughs In secret joy At the coming of spring Already it visions The clean new grasses Blossoming forth in beauty

Reflecting the love of God.

 

Chicago attorcny, now head of the

people.

I

United Ukrainian American Relief

We

urge each and every

a.

|

j

•nich, Germany, American occupa-

quired UUARC Warehouse in- Mu-

ition zone.

The

warehouse

ie

quite,

well

and

Is

so much fro m

} n d ecd

* mother with

piteous.

Great success attended the "Uk­ rainian Culture "Week"- program in Munich, Germany, American zone, starting Sunday, April 4 last and held under the joint au­ spices of the European Mission of the United Ukrainian American Relief Committee, headed by its representative there. Mr. Roman Smook, former Chicago attorney, and the Central Representative Body of Ukrainian Immigration, the head of which is Dr. Wasyl Mudry. The purpose of the week-long program was to, acquaint Ameri­ cans and other non-Ukrainians with the cultural achievements of the Ukrainian people and their con­ tributions to world culture. Principal talks opening the gala affair were delivered by Mr. Smook and Dr. Ivan Mirchuk, the latter president of the Ukrainian Free

University in Munich. Their text am*. Roman. Sawytskyj, pianist

appears on page two here. Dr. Mudry also spoke.

.Sunday, April 4, at 10 A.M., the famed Ukrainian Male Chorus un­

der • the direction of

Bozhyk electrified the mixed au­ dience with its spirited rendition of Ukrainian songs. The concert was held at the Primtergarten Theatre.

Ings, sculpture and Ukrainian folk artr -atLthe.lfctte Sammlung, 3 Serving

active

Prinxregentenstr., which was heldspring program by the Ukrainian

a lecture

hours: 10 A.M,—$ PJ t

sur-

5:30 P.M., another highly success-rounding communities will be ful concert waa held as part ofpresented Sunday. April 25, at the the "Week of Ukrainian Culture."Palmcr House. It featured a Ukwiinlan Mixed The Palmer House, a widely

American

through

tions of the widespread Chicago- land area. Also it ів hoped that, being held in this very well patron­ ized hostelry, the lecture may at­ tract many persons outside of immediate Ukrainian circles, thus serving to disseminate authentic information on Ukrainian prob­ lems.

Committee Mission in Europe re- American of Ukrainian descent to

ceiving the keys to and with them

the possession of the recently oc- able one at that, to the United Uk-

ralnlan American Relief Commit­ tee, P. O. Box 1661, Philadelphia 5, Pa. Dire poverty exists over there. We personally have seen such let­

ters as. for example.'the other day.

send in his donation, and a slze-

18; Arts

of

vital

Wednesday evening, April 7^ atUkrainlans in

* THEODOSIA BORESKY

lecture.

connected

 

stocked

with

food

supplies

 

'

clothing,

but

the

turnover

with

rapid

that

it

requires

very

more,

immediately.

Rclic

f

me the

house

with

foodstuffs

abou

300,000

pounds

this

Choir led by Nestor Horodowenko, known Loop hotel, was chosen for and the famed Ukrainian "Ban- the lecture because of its central

location, making it easily acces­ sible to persons living in all sec-

dura" Ensemble, . conducted by Hryhoriy Kystay. Some months ago there was an item in the New York press that Hurok, concert manager, was planning to im­ port this group into this country for a concert tour. The following Friday, at 6 P.M. there waa another concert, held at the Sail on the Sophienetr. 6, and featuring CUiudia Taranowa. mez- ze-aopranp, Orcst Ruimak. tenor,

Many educators

four tots, all

"Ukraine—the key problem of| c o i | e g e a and similar Institutions ^

Europe," will be the

address

btocky,

guages

theme of

Roman Smal | Sma l

an; nav

e

j n v ite d

,

alon

and and

g

^

to

hear

othe r a

in in

ь

Stocky

given by Dr

professor 01 modern

at

lan-. influence influence

prominence prominence

Milwaukee's

Marquette

Dr,

of

clarify much of the obscurity

misinformation

surrounding

and

the

л

л j general picture of Europe today as

displaced

person.

in

g

t

0

To -. To

girls, whose father had been ex­

ecuted by the Bolsheviks, and who

now are clad in tatters and who

a mother sent a letter here and even had it registered in order to make SUIT it would reach us. Her appeal to help her children and herself la

starvation diet. The

exist on

During the month of March, the committee stocked the ware-

of

"~

city

of

Chicago.

The

admission

fee

to this

vitally

interecting

ad-

dress

very

As

has

,

been ,

held

down

nominal

a

seventy-five

proioggucto'thls

to

cents.

 

and

clothing,

amount-

t

$90,000.00 In

value.

c

the

t

M

i

stock

In

the

l

"* depleted

Saturday afternoon, April 17. At University. The talk, which la to will doubtless

the same auditorium as the above .b*^" a t 3: «*0 P-M

two events an ensemble of Uk rainian actors, directed by Volo dymyr Blavatakyj, presented

comedy in four'acts'by Mykola! ^- Sma l Stock y he a on, y recenU y і dance early in May. the Ukrain-' ney, in form of voluntary contribu- others like them.

Kullah, "Myna Mazaylo." Ian^e d from there as an Ukrain-

replenish replenish „.„ ,

¥

fa8

spring'

W8rchous

, schedule, which also calls for a will require large outlays of mo- Help her and her children and

j

A r t a Uently

іл

л

Club of

Chicago was re-;

Identified with a general observance of the Easter-

,.

"•.••

• •"

***

For the Edification of Our Newcomers

The

The

entire

"Week

of

Ukrainian j l a n

Culture" was widely advertised \ In addition to a distinguished public

through Munich and vicinity by j academic background, Dr. Smal tide season.

large placards in English and'Stocky was vice-prfcmier and German. iei&n minister of the Ill-fated

ceremonies

attended by a number of distin­ guished American civilians and military men, including Murray D. Van • Wagoner, who appeared as personal representative of General

Lucius Clay, commander of Ameri- j professor

can occupation forces

Also •. Lt.-Gencral Harry Y. Col- • America,

TRIVIA

Saturday

"at 2 P.M., a t the Schau-

budc, Reitmorstr. Ь the Ukrainian Theatre Studip undue the direction of Joseph: Himiak presented . a dramatization of 'The Orgy," A poem by Lesya Ukrninka, .

Sunday, was devoted to ballet,

at the same .address ajt the above. by a Ukrainian ballet group direct­ ed by Prinjaballcrina•>., Valcntyna

Percyasbivetx,v І

Tho culminating number pf the program waa.^exteaded over to, last

;

SSZS&Z*?

for- This participation took the form As anyone among us, wc have

Uk- of an exhibition of a time-honored established quite a number of con-

art, one In which Ukrainians have

(Concluded on page

8)

On Record

By

TED

VICTOR

BONGO.

BONGO,

lately

with

the * newly-ar-

influcnce of English en Ukrainian ">as to say the least, borne some -.triklng and amusing results. This Is not evident, of course, in read­ ing a newspaper such as the "Svo- boda." where there їв a minimum

at some Ukrainian community) of Anglicized words, while those

center. Conversations with them

'hat do appear In It usually havo

tacts

rived Ukrainians, that Is former displaced persons. These contacts have usually been, after church or

opening

were! ralnlan Republic andthls experience

alone qualifies

him

as

an

analyst

of Ukraine's relative status in the

current

rope.

This

maelstrom;plaguing

Eu­

I

former Wartaw

University

is a noted linguist and,

stay

thus, far In

Volodymyr

was,

are Indeed interesting, particular-1 good journalistic and linguistic Іу'.ф the exchange of views, opln- j rcasone behind them. It is in the

Evidently tyred, of. 'treating of і Ions and information. Questions field of spoken Ukrainian'in thla the same old trivial topics, Тгігіїг,} and answers arc given left and] country, however, that the in-

how*

5.

It featured an Exhibit loos of paint-

ever, deferred to Monday, April

;

The

official

opening

In

Europe. « despite his short

will speak in English,

younger .Ukrain-

tins, commander of the Austrian; affording many

,-ifluejioe^ *&,.

Ц£ЩЩ)&«іящІ:.

field of music???: From the very title of the article (Bongo. Bongo. Bongo) it was only too clear that she had turned to the ordinary, uncultivated field of bango-muslc. Since "Trivia" is written about trivialities "Bongo, Bongo. Bongo"

had every - right in the world to be

there.

this bongo, bongo music would be

out of place here. Whenever there is something on record, it is there Ь#тяи«м» it is of some Importance. By being on

record it will continue to

will continue, to be known and to be of some consequence. Popular music for all Its adolescsent tfp- pesl and instant popularity is not something that lasts. Of course

there are exceptions to every rule, and when there are exceptions here

Aii

arresting

that

feature

the

of

such [parent.

lan-

The

conversations, is

gunge spoken

rived

and

type of

our

Ukrainian

as

they

are

in

America,

>iivia

"ATTENTION.

by the newly ar- J makes copious use of English loan-

Some

by

older and j words,

called.

join the girls on the .imaginary stage and the four part chorus resounds so that even the conduc­ tor is amazed., (Oh, yes—the con­ ductor is with the group all along. Takes patience and fortitude, and sometimes a pair of ear-plugs would help. But, what the heck! There's still a long way to go be­ fore dress rehearsals.) "Please, folks," (They always call us "folks." Couldn't they just yell out, "Hey, gang!" or some- thin' like that?) "Please, folks, try to look happy. This is sup­ posed to be a gay scene/' We've put in a full day at work,' and at 10 P.M. we kinda feel all in, but wc pull a dazzling grin out of no­ where and "Look nappy," as or­ dered. After .all,, the director knows more about 4t than we do, or we'd all be directors; But for that job, an artistic temperament is prerequisite, and unless you were born with one, it's too er- pensive to. purchase.

Somebody climbs up on a chair. "We're having some pictures taken

ble-tonight Wonderful what the j of tonight's rehearsal; folks."

(There's that word again.)'-'"Try

natural." ' At this com­

do more

one thing, they keep after you to

Some people ere perfectionista. Once they get you to accomplish

It!

shyr-r-rokiy

"PA N you people roll your R's?" "Of course we can roll our R's." Which person of Ukrainian extraction would admit his inabil­ ity to do this? After this br-r-rief inter-r-ruption, the conductor r-r-raised his ar-r-rms again and and the chorus sang out exagger­ atedly. "R-r-reveh ta stohnc Dnlpr "

FOLKSl"

younger generations.

The

latter,->f them are the names of things

cannot

get

over

their

wonder

at, with

which

he waa

unfamiliar

at

some of

the

new

words,

phrases.' home,

and

othera

are

words

that

t

traflic

former. The newly:arrived, how­

ever, cannot get over their

derment over how the Ukrainian language Is being "murdered" by some of us. that is Americans of

Ukrainian birth or descent.

the

if what might aptly be called the Ukrainian feminine ending, -s, e g. "Americanization" of the Ukrain-1 drerdtn (dress), vlnda (window)

lan language in our daily npeech.

Until they learn -the English lan-1 -.tore), strlta (street). Some nouns

gunge well, they say, they Will never be able to understand some

of the "Americanized" Ukrainian. Thus "furniture" become* fornlchl.

Of course they are right. Somc| w hich is equivalent to "pieces of

of the Ukrainian word3 and phrases furniture," pinatsy is a Ukrainian wc use in our dally speech are In- adaptation of "peanuts," and ahnsy deed wonders to behold, or. rather. of "shoes." •» to hear. And yet. the sam<^ is true As for adjectives, they must be

of other foreign languages used' recast also to (Jcnotf by their end-

in this country. ling the number and gender. For We recall a survey of the for- this reason the Ukrainian docs not eign-language press made about ua o many English adjectives, as eight year* ago by the Fortune thev are not easy to chance in magazine, wherein an allusion was this manner. But he had adopted made to the stranpc and wonder- the following: faytersky (of flght- ful things some foreign-language j n g character), bomersky (bum-

editors do with words. Indeed, ac- like). GangNtersky (ganstcr-like), cording to it. to a newly nrrived bosuyuchy or boslvsky (bossing). Yugoslav, many columns of his Diminutive.'; are formed by add-

and

pronunciation

used

by

the • 'ie

must

use

in

his daliy

•vith Americans. Usually he tries

won- \ lo bring these loans into harmony

with the Ukrainian inflcctual sys- '.em. For instance, he forces most oan-nouns to take on grammatl-

•nl

gender.

Those

that

he

feel s

them 1 \n be feminine

he outfits with

halla (hall) grocernla (grocery

are felt

to be plural and

therefore

р Г е outfitted with plurala endings,

What particularly

puzzles

immlgrant paper would have to

be translated: they are phrased little boy), and augmentatives by either in a hair-raising version of adding -пнсЬе, e. g. boynysehe (a

hig boy) Abstract nouns are made hy adding -stva, as in farmerstvo (farming) and plomber»tvo(plumb- *i»ir >. He also makes infinitives de-

native grammar or in pidgin Yu-

тг

.

.,.},.

| x

o

r

.»yk, c. g. boynyk

(a

goslav.

Chinese.

which

might

as

well

lr

Fairly lntHli K ible are coin-

(come on), ol-

ages such as koman

nPHBSE letters! Hardly a week ralnlans? Wore they not at least

passes without a letter from partially responsible for. the hor- Germany. Written in German to

the people in the neighborhood of

a high school, they arc passed

through students to the teacher of German for translation. He should

be able to translate, them, and as

Then one day an exceptionally nice letter was read to a German class as a variation from the usual recitation. It was a nice practice for the students in the acual use

but that can be figured ou t j of the language they were learn-

finished

from the non-Russian Zones, arc,there was a general satisfied feel- classics. Elegant handwriting, j ing in the class for having ac-

sometlmcs typed, beautiful gram-' complished something practical. ^

ror camps in which other thousands

of ч

various

nationalities

perished?

After all. you might expect that

guilty

parties would be brazen

enough

to write such

letters.

Ing

When the letter was

fellow,

who

seemed

thla is

American addresses to Germane,

and the

Germans

write

these

let­

ters

so

that

they

can

get

some-

That Is the story, and .the read­

er riiay take It for what It is worth.

The little fellow was probably right.

again the opening sentence "I found your address in the newspaper" became significant.

German

letter.

This

topic,

Very

about

recently

the

camc

with

the

usual

However. I feel certain that

last. It

a public servant he does. Indeed the task is easy, for most of them could serve as examples of corn­ position. Rarely cornea one from an Austrian Hebrew written in dialect,

But

the letters

from

Germany,

matlcal constinction. and words that build sentences of pathos and emotion! They tell of the writcr'a

poverty resulting from the war. of

children

needs. They describe the Christ­ mas holidays without the bare necessities for existence.

the

and of their

his destitute

Having spent

themselves on

Hurrah!

We did

and more. It's that way

with the "powers that be" of the Metropolitan Area, Committee Shevchcnko Festival, but in this one case It's justifiable. After all, haven't we proved we can put on a show that no second generation Ukrainian group can equal? And since this is 60, why haven't peo­ ple the right to demand that we present a bigger and better Fes­ tival this year? Rehearsal continues. We are shocked that the tenors are audi

additions of s tenor section can do to a chorus! Then the truth comes out. The tenors have been holding a special rehearsal with a lovely young pianist—female, of course. I wonder why she didn't ask the girls to her house for this special rehearsal? Oh, well. The men know their parts, and that's all - important After June 6th "(that's the date of our Shevchen- ko pageant) we girls can question why she's partial to men. At the moment anything to help "the cause" Is pardonable. "All right, girls. Now the •Vesnlanka'." WHA 41 » "Vesnlan- ka" comes a group dance, just a circle of girls holding hands. Some trip over long akirta, others have short ones. (On a rainy day, those with long skirts are called "Miss Slush.") The gay, feminine, angel- Hke voices (ahem!) float through the room. Tho men are so spell­ bound that they miss their cue. (Each time they blame this on something else.) Finally the boys

But as

But one little

to be Indifferent toward the whole dongos. the mere fact procedure, decided to take the ^ ^ mak c mone y d oean4 floor. "My brother" he said, "who waJTaJl t thcJ r Mnf , o n record, ^

of affaire if mankind were to judge

culture bv its dollar value. Besides

doubt wr y much whether

was in Germany, says that

a racket Our soldiers arc selling

, p y "^J' a p p ^ a r " 0 n

(>гія[

^

^ ]

у

^

, t

that. I

^

^

и

^

1

й

record.

bong

я

0

M d

bmf(09

state

Batko Boyuz and our parents would consent to keeping such trivialities on record in the Week­

ly.

If them were a field of irkebon-

for .on reading the letter over ^„,„„1,. then perbaps I would be

Ironlc present they turn to the!thing for nothing

happy past—how It used to be be- j fore the war. Every writer was a respectable well-to-do citizen, liv­ ing in a neat house and leading an honest, blissful and contended life. Once the war ja mentioned, every writer avows his innocence of war crimes, every one was ig­ norant of what took place, none of them wanted war. So—how about a food packogc, or some clothing that is not new?' The writer is ashamed to beg, but—the good Lord will repay. At first, the reading of these letters evoked a feeling of pity and sorrow for the people who wrote them. However, as mOre and more of them came, each one fol­ lowing the same pattern, a kind of callousness supplanted the former feeling of sympathy. Were these

to look"

mand, the women pull out a com­ pact, powder their noses, arid touch up their lipstick. The men reach into their pocketa for combs', smooth their tresses and straight­ en their ties. "Look natural," did he say? Too bad we weren't told about the pictures sooner. Wc could have spent hours at home before the mirror preparing to "look natural."

with

forcM to review and discuss It here. However, nine our young American Ukrainians tend to build rather than to tear down our tra- j ditional. beautiful folk song, I

"Can you I don't think I need worn- too much

a student

translate this letter, please?" A ! a0 o u t

glance at the letter produced

shock

on

me

it

was

written

a I critic.

In 1

Ukrainian! A fourteen-year old girl was thanking "a million times" for the package her fam­ ily received from an unknown

chari-

American

donor

through

a

becoming

As for Trivia, may she con­

a

bongo

music

tinue

to trifle

with the

trivialities

ralt (all right), or noser (no sir), no'ing finish or iterative action, as

nf life for they too add something

But they are nothing rompared

to

to

our

existence.-What

it

Is

phrase:! like

ronatl

7a

mera

(run

•/'-ostuvaty (to have busted), po- flktuvaty (to fix completely) and

don't

really

know

but

I

know

fo r mayor) .

A Scandinavia n write s jompuvat y

(t o Ix* jumping) ,

Trivia

will

let

me

In on

the

secret

pa tlkkele for "particular." andj

Usually

where

a

Ukrainian

some

dav.

Meanwhile

I shall

en-

"leh u~cs that word in a phrase which

standard

haA'e caught cold). But the lan-, American phrase, the whole phrase

the guage most hospitable to English | rushes into his speech. Thus, hav-

ing adopted "train." he cannot re­ fuse the phrases, "to get a train." or "to catch a train," and so he translates them into braty tren, rlovyty tren, which to я person versed in Ukrainian ran mean only to get hold of a train, and to over­ take a train, respectively.

a German

boien

for "buy." Very!adopts an American wort! and then

have

ad-

Inn-

the

the

reminds

him

of

some

Ah,

but

such

Is

th e

wa y

I aspiring

artists.

After

all.

be

this

not

June

reading

Of

only

tolerated,

And how,

6th

Festival

about?

The

they

you've

artiBts

must

also encouraged.

out artists, could we make a success

with­

but

table organization.

"I am writing

deavor in my own modest

manner

good dermnn-Amerienn

la

In Ukrainian because I am Ukrain- to write about

anything

that de-

hate* clnen Kold gckcsrht

(I

ian,"

she said, "but since you can- j serves to be On Record.

not road Ukrainian I am writing aj So Sorry: bi writing about

scparatc

complaints,

glfta.

Just

in every other line: "Dearest Mar-

Bodnar.

guerite."

letter

in

German."

for

No, four members on a Ukrainian bas-

morclketball

team that were Irish, I put

city.

It was Au-

is Yiddish-American.

ben

feet

Yiddish-American.

no

a

begging

child-like

Irka

(Irene)

repetition, down the wrong

burn

not

Syracuse,

N.

Y.

Still

I

no

English

word

is

refused

wasn't

entirely

wrong,

for when

mittanee

to

any

immigrant

guage.

provided

i'

can

stand

treatment.

In

the

case

of

Ukrainian,

of

been

are the onea the public cornea to not the same people who

see.

out once in awhile.

should I give the whole show away ?

You'd enjoy it a lot more if you'd slogan is, "Don't forget the Shcv-

made

course, our chorus helps' slave-laborers of thousands of Uk- •

—»

Die boys ha-

a good time is said to be j>cr-

In a word.

But'then, whyj— •

jiiet reserve the date. You've

heard : chenko Pageant!" (Bet you thought

from

a

DP

camp

in Baden,

aaks

Syracuse

saw

the

error

they

cer-

of "Remember the Alamo" and I was going to say, "Remember

only for a picture of her unknown

tainly

got

their

Irish

up

in

a

"Remember

Pearl

Harbor?"

Our June

6th!")

American

friend.

 

.hurry.

YeS

I

WaS

There

—™Na

Rodinye"

j^^andth e UlNA Tdka Opening Recent "Week of Ukrainian

PYSANKY

By

OLKKSIY

ANDRIENKO

.

• /

! ORGANIZATION ORGANIZATIONAL ЛЇ.

MFFTIXfiS MEETINGS

I

Culture** Program in Munich

ПіІіГіІГр "

Рг/їОПГЯ т

111

(Condensed)

(Translated by S. S.)

that

we

looked

like

beggars:

During

the

pest

several

years)

In I the Svoboda had printed a number J

 
 

The Surma Book & Music Co.,

.

(J)

QU

r

ra

g 8

)

ou

r

tattered

shoes,

1 AM twenty three years old. For.dangered by me are hundreds, w e wer e indeed quite

sight to behold, even

the past

four years I have

been і thousands,

nay

hundreds of

thou-

a fearsome

living undfr a stigma, one which is; sands of my namesakes in Stri- ma n s , when each morning we made

el-

beyond my comprehension,

!y. that lama - j ka. Babyny Luh, Poltava, Riazan. bows rubbing against one another,

name- і zhivka.

Kamiany Luh, Alexandriv- ou r

Wli y

to

the

factory',

our

•Traitor to

the

Within

the

Fatherland."

my

circle of

family.

'

a

n

d

It

olne

all

r

suc

h

startea

v "lagee

the

in

which

probably

still

dwells

some- • 1943.

As

always

the

.

Spring

of

Buh

over-

and

the

same

when

we

returned

that

evening

to our barracks,

тік-

German

burgher,

accua-

of advertisements and reports of;

"Ukrainian National Association

Talk by ROMAN SMOOK, Eu­

ropean representative of the United

predecessors nor successors will ever be able to shackle the in­ domitable and creative spirit of

pleasantly situated on East 7th Street, N. Y. C, Is at.the moment

for the Ger-

organizational meetings." A se­

holding its annual sale of pysanky,

ries of such meetings have been

Ukrainian American Relief Com­

mankind.

held during recent months, and

mittee of

America

which are brilllatly; dyed hen'e

others will follow in the near

It gives me great honor to greet

of many thousands of American

In the name of the organizations which I represent, I wish to thank the beads of our Military Govern­

eggs that Ukrainian girls make a pretty practice of presenting to

in Ukrainian sheet musk, records,

and magazines, and has been do­

fifty-nine cents to two-dollars and

future; they are an Important

you in the name of the United Uk­

ment, International Refugee Or­

their boy friends on Easter Sun­

part of the current U.N.A. mem­

day morning. This year the Uk­

bership campaign.

rainian American Committee, a

ganization, Military and State Per­

rainians won't be celebrating theirs

wheiv far away

the Buh river, no one among them j lapped

ibres to even mention my name out; village.

loud.

on

the

banks

of: flowed its

the

One

girls,

banks

hilly

and

grounds

its

we,

evening

were

As the evening shadows fair and

sitting

waters

of

my

fellows

at

the

tomed to think as he was told by

those

over

him, even by

the

low-

jy gefreiter (corporal), not to men-

A U.N.A. organizational meet­

ing require* much preliminary

charitable organization composed

sonnel and the Director and Man­ agement of Neue Samlung for

until May 2nd. Mr. Surmtch emigrated from the

work. Usually the person initiat­

citizens of Ukrainian descent, and In the name of the Ukrainian Can­

making this exhibition possible. To the Ukrainian artists and the

Ukraine in 1011. He specializes

tion the Fuehrer himself, and hav-

ing the affair must contact all the

adian Relief Fund which Is com­

Committee who arranged this ex­

und

around the table, for supper, not the sight

even my dear mother. I am sure, fast and eating away at the banks ing before him such terrible ex-

dares to say with • sigh: "I wonder

how our Hryta is getting aiong* raska. whose garden boasted the fore him, embraced wholehearted-

the theory that the German

My poor son is no doubt

termensrh of the East, upon see-

the un-

my

family

there

gathers

edge

near

of

the

of

river,

it

intent

by

widow

the

upon

so

ing heard

nmples

i y

of

so

much

about

flowin g

the

in

the

home of

su'-nowers

Pa-

the human beings be-

worry- biggest

village.

officers of all the U.N.A. branches

in the area (and sometimes the

posed of Canadian citizens of Uk

hibition I wish to state that they

ing a brisk seasoned business in

"area" includes an entire State).

rain і an extraction. About six months ago these or­

have proven to the world that no terror nor hardship could kill their

pysanky since 1022.' He sells

He attempts to solicit the help of

around two thousand of them

all other interested parties. He

ganizations were permitted to come into war-torn Europe to give

creative spirit and 'their desire to take their proper place In true

every year, at prices tanging from

must also arrange for speakers for

democratic and civilized world.

ing about us." No one. neither my The battle lines had moved east- race is composed of ubermenseh

the affair

well-known men who

aid to the Ukrainian war victims. We, on the other side of the At­

II

Talk

President

by

DR.

of

WA N

the

University

of

 

a half. The price depends on the

sisters nor friends

quiet for us. The hinterlands in j it is no wonder that at the sight

is

bookn of record. As a result no fighting with the Germans, and we, swollen-eyed people from the So-

to

have

the

right

ward, but

there was

no

peace

or

(supermen).

ever think

inscribed

in

about me.

some

My name

horror-laden

the east were a scene of stubborn 0 f

these emaciated, hungry-looking

are familiar with the facts con­

the presence of at least one good

 

cerning the U.N.A.—usually mem­

lantic ocean, had very little Infor­

Intricacy and coloring of the de­ signs, which have the richness and

bers of the U.N.A. Supreme As­ sembly. He must be certain of

one close and dear to me will ever the young folks, whispered among viet prisonhouse. standing.at some

mation as to true facts of living conditions of these unfortunate

KffiCHUK,

Free

Ukrainian

Munich

] variety of egg-sized Oriental ruga,

if you can imagine such a thing.

be above suspicion of the autfaori- ourselves as to what to do to free railway station waiting to be taken

U.N.A. organizer

a man who

people. None of us comprehended as to what depth of human misery could a totalitarian regime, such

The role of the Ukraine, in the

We looked over a hundred or so gay pysanky In the course of a

pysanka at all, then oh -the follow­

ourselves of the German yoke. It

education is forever barred, while was quite late that evening before average burgher would be startled

my dad expects

be

rogated

Is if he has not already been sum- rudely interrupted by the roar of attitude toward us on the part of

But our slumbers were soon and And now, what was the general

to their next destination, the

ties.

For

my

sisters

the

road

that

any

day

to

his

and

son.

to

he

we

broke

and

up

and

departed

for

and

exclaim

the

time - honored

will

summoned

concerning

inter-

that

homes

sleep.

"MeinGott!"

moned by now.

Here,

beyond

the

frontiers

of

motors,

soldiers, and the barking of

hoarse

shouts

of

German I the

Germans,

were

dogs. ( banners

whose

unfurled

victorious

all

over

can be expected to produce results.

my native land, my life is that of The Germans rapped upon windows then. To pift it Simply, we were

province of culture, throughout

recent visit to Surmach's shop and

Last, but not least, he must pub*

as the deceased Nazi regime, and we hope will soon be deceased

the history of Eastern Europe may

weren't surprised to learn that Uk­

lidze the affair to such an extent

be briefly symbolized. This fertile

rainian girls spend many a long

that the interest of non-members,

Communist regime, bring upon its

and rich country, unfortunately,

winter night dyeing a single egg.

as well as members, will be arous­

subjects In such a short time.

was the corridor through which

In the old country, the tradition is

ed; after the meeting he must

Upon my arrival in Germany I have discovered that in spite of

the hordes of Asiatic nomads

that if a young man Is dissatis­

write reports for the Svoboda so

the fact that the war hostilities

rushed westwards from time im

fied with the pysanka (singular of

that others may see what has been

memorial ruining whatever was in

pysanky) that his sweetheart has

accomplished.

have ceased almost three years

their way like a whirlwind. As

given him, or if the heartless

a cornered beast. Cold eyes scan'and ordered everyone out, from' slaves, under constant surveillance

us

up bits of conversation or introduc- were told to assemble in the vil- party activists, in fact of the en-

At dawn we were tire German people. The slightest

tions.

who

then to inform the repatriation of- the young and able-bodied among the concentration camp. Endless

He did this labor and the barracks— that was

nor Andrienko. but Hrytz from the j merely by pointing with his finger, the sum and total of our daily

ficials

refugees

They

we

are

that

I

and

are

and

am

sharp

out

to

ears

pick

the

lage

youngest

souare.

to

the

oldest.

We

0 f

the

police,

factory

employees,

uncover

and

Oleksiy

wherefrom,

neither

lined up and an officer separated

us

from

the

rest.

sign 0 f disobedience meant for one

Buh.

which require me to fill out the; then herded into trucks and taken to foster among us an inferiority

Numberless

commissions, j led aside by the soldiers.

We were

to keep us alive

and yet

designed

to

significant detail, just so that they ing westward, to Germany. Such , for this slavery* on a foreign strand,

For this sort of life,

trip mc up on even the most

in- [ trains and soon we were off,

mov-' a b i e of much.

could

hand

put

me

the

over

brand

to

on

those

me

and; then

was

the

manner

hangmen

was forced to leave

in

on

which

that

I і and hundreds of thousands like

were branded back in our

un-' myself

Such meetings usually result in

*£?*£ sible,

officer of the U.N.A. branch which'

the8ep

1

is

.

r

0

!

accompanied

Pe(

:

t

8

,

:

he

ago. still there are in Germany and Austria 150,000 Ukrainian

a consequence of her geographical

creature has failed to give him a

the enrollment of numerous new

position, the Ukraine, a paradise

members into the U.N.A. branches

displaced Persons and Refugees who are innocent victims of both

for a farming population, known

ing day he is entitled 'to duck ber

participating in the affair. The

for some centuries before the birth

in a pond. At any rate, that was

organizer plays an important part

Nazi and Bolshevik tyranny.

of Christ as the "granary" of Eu

the tradition. Mr. Surmach has

in this work. Before, during, and

I have found that those victims will not return to their native

rope of these days, had constantly

heard that it has been petering

after the meeting he contacts as

to provide new armies so as not

out of late years and that this

village Strithivka, on the winding'and immediately that person was existence. Our diet was sufficient

many of the persons present as time permits. From them he ob­

land as long as it remains under the heel of the Bolshevik oppres­ sors. These victims have decided

to be crushed by the hooves of the plundering horsemen. These two

sensible ducking procedure has now, alas, given way' to a mere

tains "leads" and the names and

circumstances, the wealth of the

dousing with a bucket' of water.

self-same forms each month, try! to the station. Here we boarded complex, that we were not cap-

addresses of prospective members. For a week or so after the meet­

to seek a new fatherland where they would be permitted to lead a normal life, worship their God and

country- and the necessity of fight Ing constantly against Asia, for*thls

The Ukrainian custom of dis­ tributing brightly colored eggs ia

ing he is busy calling at the ad-

reap the benefits of true democracy.

frontier territory of Europe, essen

far older than Christianity, hav­

   

L^^lT^eWoWi by an n

and

the »ц

order

toshowto

of

"the

governments of the prospective

fatherlands the true value, the

skill

human

amount

tlally determined the subsequent fate of the people who had always to keep eyes and sword directed

ing originated as a • pagan rite symbolizing the rebirth of the land. Many of the traditional pysanka

in their red-braided caps.

One hears of

some sort of

Yal-

lucky

Spring day

reward

for

my

it

fatherland,

all

that

land

fatherland."

native

as

"traitors

to

the

recommended the prospect.

times the organizer is in one area і

Some­

toward the East. At its back was

My

was

ta or Potsdam agreements. Ac- I was branded as a "traitor to the! To be sure, at that time neither cording to them I'm supposed to fatherland," my family was left I nor my friends like myself knew

be seized

Reds.

talking about freedom, about demo-

"They're all lying," said Sashko

and

turned

the

over

to the

world

is

in

a state

of

constant trepidation, j of

this, and

refused

it

to

believe

it

Today

whole

and today I am constantly hound-1 when we heard of

ed by scores of Soviet agents,

cracy, about the destruction of the'

remnants of fascism;" Yet Teeem,'details of my life during the two

I

factory in

selves throw in my face the ері- Scharan, near Dresden. There were

thet—"fascist" or "hitlerite." It

People? No, not people but "Ost-

democracy, the welfare of mankind

is endangered by -me, just a plain

person,

from

East,

the

I

do

years

worked

120 of

not

care

to

describe

slave.

to

It

be behind the eight ball despite

all.

Even

the

a

former

Strithivka.

Germans

them-

kolhosp

worker

Yes

indeed,

en-

I

was

in

a

a

German

paint

us,

people

why should they call us 'traitors,'

(To

be

continued)

from the

landers." Rounded up without

warning,

we left

our homes

out

which

practically

anything.

we

wore soon

wore out,

any

with-

That

so[ "Oest."

Importance

of

A Slogan

UKRAINIANS ARE NOT "RUSSIANS**

By ALEXANDER

YAREMKO

a long time because he has a long

list of prospective members to visit.

or­

ganizer is not easily discouraged

people

the

but

successful

resources

war victims still

possess, we have arranged this ex­ hibit.

tnese

the Western World, on which It leaned for support, In which Its roots were imbedded and where it forged its weapons. Robbed for

patterns, executed in five or six colors, feature the eight-pointed Ukrainian star, which-is thought

symbol of Atar, a sun

god. Basic designs vary from one

to be the

bnilt around • such symbols- as~the _

It la hard work to make these

The objects on exhibit are the

long of its political Independence,

part of the Ukraine to another. In

numerous calls and talk to many

product of the hands of Ukrainian

Ukrainians have been permitted to express their particular aims in the

the neighborhood of Hutzuls, in the

Koval. "It's just German propa­

Displaced Persons. They represent

Carpathians, pysanka patterns are

ganda. All propaganda lies. That

and completes his canvass of the

but - a fraction of the great Uk­

domain-of. «иіин^Єі These aims-cul­ minated in the Idea of the his­

Is why it's propaganda."

area to the last address on the

rainian Culture. The value of these

torical mission of these people.

We agreed with him. "After all,

list

creations do not rest only. In the

Fate

had thus

 

sun, standing for good- fortune; an endless line, standing for eternity;

U.N.A. organizational meetings

items on display. A great moral

decided it. The

a rooster, standing for fruition; a

We were forced to leave. We live

play an important part in the

is concealed behind the modest

Ukrainians had been given the

All the manifestations of the

Walking through these halls of

pub- takes with him the God-given gifts, j world-wide

cultural

currents

and

8Uc

h

M »

tyrants

Important fact—that

knowledge and skill.

The

very

neither their

to contribute, according to our

deer, standing for prosperity;. a

(Concluded

on page

3)

reservations desired, '3. Name and

ther Guest or Delegate, 5. Rate of

check.

-

We know that you have been

would appear that a free world,

here like animals. Here they don't

membership campaign. We urge

achievements shown In the exhibi­ tion and there Hes its significance.

thankless mission, from the very

fir tree, standing for.youth and

even regard us as human beings,

our readers to attend these meet­

The persons, whose work a visitor

beginning, of being a buffer be­

health; and a triangle, standing

but make us wear, sewn Into our

ings whenever they are held in

might see In these halls, is not

tween East and West, in fact, of

for such ancient trinities as air,

clothing, dog-like tags reading

their regions. If the reader is al­

ordinarily an average person who

being a faithful and staunch

ready a U.N.A. member he should

is living under normal conditions

champion of an enlightened ideo

attend, if only to become acquaint­ ed with the persons present, and to learn the facts regarding his

and within a normal social environ­ ment—his mind Is Imbued with the memory of the'tune when he was

logy, as well as propagating near ly all cultural currents that had arisen in Europe.

organization; if possible, he should have a list of prospective mem­

taken by force from his home, his family, his shop and in the

Ukrainian soul shown during the Week of Ukrainian Culture, the

addresses for whom reservations are to be made, 4. Designate whe­

were

Perusing the various magazines itically a part of the Soviet Union!the Ukrainians able to free them-

Because

Ukraine

has

been

pol-;out

the

last

few

centuries

bers for the organizer. If the read­

20th Century had to endure the

fate of an ancient slave.

paintings and sculptures of our

Room or Rooms desired. Single—

for almost 30 years, there is a, selves from the paws of the Rue-

one

the fact, that American national rainians are friendly and coopera-, ing nation. This happened under

consciousness

the

lures accompanied

statements as -"Be u good Ameri-, logically.

can" or "I am a good American!"

it

cropping

a critical period, it is exactly what

America,

a nation

a lethargic

should follow in similar fashion be- j ed Ukrainian.

cause

Russians

both

It

and

newspaper s

instantly

is

these

days,

of

to

pic-

becomes

is

being

by

aware

general

tive

the

with

Impression

the

that

the

Uk- J sian Bear and establish a

self-rul-

brought

patriotic

by

Russians

and

the

and that

Russians

various Kozak leaders, notably un

foreground

not

all

up

posseses

It

not

Ukrainians

printed

in

from

differ very little culturally or ethno

ther

and

from

enemies,

Nothing

could

be

far

the

truth.

Ukrainians

have

been

bitter

for

in

Europe

centuries,

and

and

in

to

call a Ukrainian a "Russian" is to

provoke an enlighten-

for

this

not

moral

only

As

to

from

personal

surprising

to see

at

this

time,

for,

arouse

it

needs to

state.

We Ukrainians' profoundly

quality

it j

effects.

The

the

stimulating

produces

only

good

attitude

a

standpoint,

but primarily due to a cultural and

and conduct

character

reasons

are

and

pride.

stirs

national-con-

thoughts

in

and

a

loftier

sclousness, but as it inspires it in-

noble

which result

patriotism so vital in a crisis. Also, | ians are definitely superior in every

form of«character and morals, the Ubrain-

duces

spirit ; historic

er is not a U.N.A. member he should attend for the reasons al­

and for the

purpose of joining this truly great

ready mentioned

PAL CLUB

In previous columns, after

THE

PEN

lishing the descriptions, names and

addresses of our first three Pen

all -girls and

all from New York State—we ask­

ed for letters from young people!

pal Club members

.

Province! We welcome our first j

Canadian member to the

Miss Anna Fedynchuk,

St., Toronto.

a State,

not

from

but

from

club

a

|

.

145 Seaton

writes

Ontario-who

Art Exhibition you will also notice that the propounder of the system

exhibition, the musical and drama­ tical performances, the national dances, all express definite western

$4.60 to $7.00. Double—$6460 to $0.00. Advance deposits must be made either by money order or

Ukrainian fraternal benefit so­

tendencies. If these products of

der Hetman Bohdan Khmelnltsky

ciety—the Ukrainian Natlontl As­

of government which rules by ter­

Ukrainian culture do not entirely

300 years ago, and under General

sociation.

ror, starvation, banishment and execution, has overlooked one very

reflect the achievements of our na­ tive country, they give evidence of

eagerly awaiting the Arrival of

Petlura during the First World

Important fact — that his victim і

our endeavour to participate In

the First Ukrainian American Vet­

War. But after each such Inde­ pendence the hapless Ukrainians who inhabit a beautiful and produc­ tive land, were reconquered, en­

have overlooked one

limited facilities, to the renaissance of the moral life of our continent

eran Convention. Its success de­ pends upon the participation of each and everyone of us. At the

slaved and exploited.

same time* we are interested in making your stay in the conven­

tion city interesting and harmoni­

Such is the tragic political his­

tory of the Ukrainians and it is

A Message to Our Vets

 

ous. In order for us,.to be able

therefore no wonder that, because

in States other than New York.

to render the consideration to you

the Ukrainians have been a part

Lo and behold! We have a letter

of the Czariet and Bolshevik Em­

Dear Friend and Veteran

Purposes of the organization, 3.

date

on

which we desire we are request­ ing that you submit your applica­

pires so long a time, that the

Your

most

Important

Membership (deflnation of), 4. By- Laws.

average American assumes that

the

Calendar for 1048

weK4md

>

Ma

is

the Me-

tion for registration and reserva­ tion as soon as possible.

the Ukrainians and Russians are

^

y

29,

30,

In

other

words

your voiced

one and the same people, or that

3

1

1

ftt

^

Pen

n

g^raton

streets,

opinions will determine the ad­

This Convention will take place

In the History of Ukrainian Ameri­

can Veterans, Ukrainian Youth arid

such

courage, fighting Bpirit which it in- Ї and

qualities

positive

as

love, 1 form.

And

history

as

the

for

their

culture there

have

very little difference be­

tween them. To dismiss this er­

is

Ukrainians

as

follows:

would

"I

like

to belong

Hote

I

39t

h

afi

to The j Philadelphia,

d

с^, ^

Pa.

vancement of this Organization

stils,

can

also

prove

to

be

most' developed

a

distinct

national

cul-

roneous and damaging Impression

Pen

Pal Club.

I am a member

of

This being the First National

factor in the formulation of the

nationally. Veteran organizations desiring

all Ukrainian Youth ^asd all Uk­

Invaluable

in a drive towards a I ture that compares with the best convincingly would Involve the pre­

the

Ukrainian

National

Associa­

Ukrainian American Veteran Con­

to be represented at the Conven­

rainians interested m the welfare of our people. ,* .,•

goal.

of other nations.

paration of a treatise, for which

tion

[Branch

132]

In

Canada.

I

vention, we know that your at­

tion will be obligated to remit Ten

While paying heed to our Ameri-і

can patriotic duty,

us not

Reference

let

blood flows in| arsan d historians have more than | by Chamberlln and Manning which'

made to recent books

Russian

history,

history

and

is

not

Ukrain.' space does

not permit.

for- j l a n

impartial

our veins. To be

loyal to one

yet

demonatrated

the

indendent

origin | adequately cover this subject.

hope

girls

country both

and

I

from

can

in

hear

different

from

boys

of

and

the

States

five

parts

in the United

I

am

about

Canada.

.*«_* %.

tendance will be a Most on your

Dollars ($10) for post registra­

Therefore register early with

schol-1 is therefore

part, as through you participa­

tion fees, which will entitle them

Chairman Miss Catherine Podhay-

sake those whose

tion you will be an instrumental

to send four (4) delegates for the

Chairman Miss Catherine Podhal- phia. Pa.

disloyal

to our heritage would not

j

«"<*

development

of

the

Ukrain-j

To

summarize

the

undteputable fee t

jj v e

inche

s

wit

h

dar

k

ha "" I following:

first twenty-five (25) members and

, able. It's this type of person that! Ukraine has the geographic mis- bered that the (1) Ukrainians are I dar k aleo ; The ages I use tonaye., _

only be wrong, but most unpardon-hw"" a a a distinct national entity, facts it should aBvays be remem-1 * n d

w

n

J^ 8 :

m

y

T M .!?

?* ? П

I

1.

Name of

the

organization, 2

one (1) additional delegate for each fifteen (15) members or fraction thereof.

*SVOBO0A*

(UKRAINIAN

DAILY)

our foremost, beloved and loftiest

j fortune

of

being

adjacent

to

the

a

distinct

nationality,

different! Ш Л

P

e

n

Ра1

fro

m

"*

abou

t

1

6

to

FOUNDED

ІІ9І

Ukrainian newspaper pttDlisbed dally

Entered as Second Class- Mall Matter

J.

Act

on

at

Post

March

Office

10.

of Jersey .City,

1911

under

the

N.

of Merch 8,

4179.

patriot Shevchenko refers to in j more powerful

and

inherently

from the ruling and adjacent Rus-

his quotation, that one should not brutal Russians whose Empire had sians, and that the (2) Ukrainians

Чужого тесь свого не цурайтесь.

sover-

still yearn to establish a legitim-

desire

in

to

be:

научай-' iti j

beginnings

Moscovy,

and

from which point the Russian Em-

ately

eign Ukrainian Republic.

free

and

independent

MVROSLAVA .

After

30

10."

. Pal living in Canada. We imagine Anna will receive lota of letters.

a Pen

There you nre, readers

In the meantime, don't forget to

keep this club going by submitting your own letter for publication. Send it to Theodore Lutwiniak,

For your convenince and economy we have available complete books of tickets for the following func­ tions— Welcome Dance, Banquet,

except Sundays and holidays by the Ukrainian NattonaJ Association, Inc 81-83 Grand St., Jersey City 3. N. J.

plre expanded in all directions. The

c/o

U.N.A

Post

Office

Box

76,

Semi-Formal Dance, and registra­ tion fee for delegates or guests.

It

bolts

Nuts

and

Units

takes

to

thousands

hold

a

of

car together,

nuts

to

the recal-

reault become victims of the con- citrant Ukrainians as attested by

Ukrainians, traditionally a peaceful, years the

and

Russians