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CIVIL AVIATION SAFETY

REGULATIONS (CASR)
Part 39 – Part 47
PART 39 (Airworthiness Directive)
39.1 Purpose of this regulation
 The regulations in this part provide a legal framework for DGCA system of Airworthiness
Directives.
Penjelasan :
o Pada poin satu ini berisi maksud dari CASR Part 39, yakni menjelaskan mengenai ruang
lingkup hukum dari Airworthiness Directive (AD) yang diterbitkan oleh DGCA

39.3 Definition of Airworthiness directives


a. DGCA airworthiness directives are legally enforceable rules that apply to the following
products: aircraft, aircraft engines, propellers, and appliances.
b. An unsafe condition will exist when:
1. Evidence is found during the evaluation of failures, malfunctions, defects, service
difficulties or further analysis or test, that the design does not comply with the
applicable airworthiness requirements and this non compliance reduces the safety
level required for that product,
2. Evidence is found during the evaluation of failures, malfunctions, defects, service
difficulties or further analysis or test that the design although complying with the
airworthiness requirements exhibits characteristics that reduce the safety level
required for that product.

Penjelasan :
o Menjelaskan tentang produk-produk aviasi yang dikenai kewajiban untuk mengikuti
aturan tercantum dalam AD yang diterbitkan oleh DGCA. Selain itu juga menjelaskan
mengenai definisi dari kondisi unsafe yang menyebabkan diterbitkannya AD terhadap
produk-produk aviasi.

39.5 When does DGCA issue airworthiness directives?


 DGCA issues an airworthiness directive addressing a product when we find that an unsafe
condition exists in the product and the condition is likely to exist or develop in other
products of the same type design. DGCA may issue an airworthiness directive based on:
a. Airworthiness directive issued by DGCA on a product where Republic of Indonesia as
the State of Design.
b. Airworthiness directives issued by foreign airworthiness authorities as the State of
Design on a product being operated under Indonesian registration, will be adopted
without further technical investigation. However DGCA may add additional
information by communicating with the State of Design or the State of Manufacture
regarding continuing airworthiness information due to local operation. The compliance
time may be reconsidered, taking into account domestic concerns.
c. When an unsafe condition exists and the State of Design has not issued mandatory
corrective information, an airworthiness directive will be issued to correct that unsafe
condition. Every effort shall be made to reach a common position with the State of
Design.

Penjelasan :
o Menjelaskan mengenai kapan DGCA akan menerbitkan AD dan bagaimana AD akan
diberlakukan untuk produk-produk aviasi yang berasal dari luar otoritas DGCA tetapi
berpopersi di wilayah Indonesia.
39.7 Compliance with airworthiness directives
 No person may operate a product to which an airworthiness directive applies

Penjelasan :
o ?

39.9 Reserved

39.11 What actions do airworthiness directives require?


 Actions required by airworthiness directives shall:
a. Specify inspections to be carried out;
b. Specify conditions and limitations must comply with;
c. Resolve an unsafe condition.

Penjelasan :
o Jika diterbitkan AD maka akan segera dilakukan 3 action untuk meninandaklanjuti AD
tersebut

39.13 Reserved

39.14 Variation to the compliance requirement


 An alternate method of compliance with the requirements of an airworthiness directive or
adjustments to the compliance times specified in an airworthiness directive, may be
approved by the DGCA provided. The applicant provides the DGCA with acceptable
substantiation to ensure a level of safety equivalent to that provided by the airworthiness
directive.
Penjelasan :
o Jika dilakukan metode lain untuk menerapkan AD maka operator harus dapat menjamin
level safety tetap bisa diterima sesuai dengan requirement pada AD.

39.15 Does an airworthiness directive apply if the product has been change?
a. An Airworthiness directive applies to each product identified in the airworthiness directive,
even if an individual product has been changed by modifying, altering, or repairing it in
the area addressed by the airworthiness directive.
b. DGCA approval of an alternative method of compliance is required if a change of product
affect the ability to accomplish the actions required by airworthiness directive. Unless it
can be shown that the change has eliminated the unsafe condition, the request should
include the specific actions proposed to address the unsafe condition.

Penjelasan :
o AD tetap diaplikasikan untuk produk-rpoduk aviasi yang telah mengalami modifikasi,
pengubahan ataupun perbaikan

39.17 Reserved

39.19 Reserved

39.21 Reserved

39.23 Ferry flight to a repair facility concerning compliance of airworthiness directive


 DGCA may issue a special flight permit for ferry flight to a repair facility unless the
airworthiness directive states otherwise. To ensure aviation safety, DGCA may add special
requirements for operating the aircraft to a place where the repairs or modifications can
be accomplished. DGCA may also decline to issue a special flight permit in particular cases
if DGCA determine that the aircraft cannot be moved safely.

Penjelasan :
o Mengenai special flight permit yang diberikan oleh DGCA untuk produk aviasi yang tidak
terdapat repair station.

39. 25 How I get a special flight permit?


 Application for a DGCA special flight permit in accordance with CASR Part 21 sees.
21.197 and 21.199.

Penjelasan :
o Untuk mendapatkan special flight permit maka merujuk pada CASR Part 21.197 dan 21.199

39.27 What do I do if the airworthiness directive conflicts with the services document?
 In some cases an airworthiness directive incorporates by reference a manufacturer's service
document. In these cases, the service document becomes part of the airworthiness directive.
In some cases the directions in the service document may be modified by the airworthiness
directive. If there is a conflict between the service document and the airworthiness
directive, the requirements of the airworthiness directive shall be followed.

Penjelasan :
o Bahwa jika isi dari AD bertentangan dengan isi dari Manufacturers Service Document
(MSD) maka MSD akan mengikuti isi dari AD yang diterbitkan oleh DGCA

39.29 Compliance records


 Compliance with an airworthiness directive shall be recorded in appropriate aircraft,
aircraft engine, or propeller log books. The log entry shall refer to the airworthiness
directive by number and date of compliance.

Penjelasan :
o Bahwa semua bentuk kesesuaian terhadap AD harus didokumentasikan dalam sebuah log
book untuk tiap produk-produk aviasi

PART 43 Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance, Rebuilding, and Alteration


43.1 Applicability.

(a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, this part prescribes rules governing the
maintenance, preventive maintenance, rebuilding, and alteration of any−

(1) Aircraft having an Indonesian airworthiness certificate;

(2) Foreign−registered civil aircraft used under the provisions of part 121 or 135; and

(3) Airframe, aircraft engines, propellers, appliances, and component parts of such aircraft.

(b) This part does not apply to any aircraft for which an experimental airworthiness certificate
has been issued, unless a different kind of airworthiness certificate had previously been issued
for that aircraft.

Penjelasan:

Poin 43.1 menjelaskan bahwa CASR Part 43 berlaku untuk: semua pesawat yang mempunyai
sertifikat airworthiness dari authority Indonesia; semua pesawat luar negeri yang berada di
bawah part 121 dan part 135; serta airframe, aircraft engines, propellers, dan komponen-
komponen lainnya pada pesawat. CASR Part 43 tidak berlaku pada pesawat yang memiliki
sertifikasi experimental airworthiness, kecuali ada sertifikasi experimental airworthiness lainnya
yang sebelumnya telah ditentukan pada pesawat tersebut.

43.2 Records of overhaul and rebuilding.

(a) No person may describe in any required maintenance entry or form an aircraft, airframe,
aircraft engine, propeller, appliance, or component part as being overhauled unless.

(1) Using methods, techniques, and practices acceptable to the DGCA, it has been
disassembled, cleaned, inspected, repaired as necessary, and reassembled; and

(2) It has been tested in accordance with approved standards and technical data, or in
accordance with current standards and technical data acceptable to the DGCA, which have
been developed and documented by the holder of the type certificate, supplemental type
certificate, or a material, part, process, or appliance approval under part 21 section 21.305.
(c) No person may describe in any required maintenance entry or form an aircraft, airframe,
aircraft engine, propeller, appliance, or component part as being rebuilt unless it has been
disassembled, cleaned, inspected, repaired as necessary, reassembled, and tested to the same
tolerances and limits as a new item, using either new part tolerances and limits or to approved
oversized or undersized dimensions.

Penjelasan:

Poin 43.2 menjelaskan bahwa tidak ada seorangpun yang berhak untuk menjelaskan apapun
tentang perawatan maupun pembuatan pesawat, airframe, aircraft engine, propeller, appliance,
dan komponen lainnya, kecuali: menggunakan metode, teknik, dan standra praktik yang
diterima oleh DGCA; sudah dites berdasarkan standar dan data teknis yang diizinkan oleh
DGCA yang telah tertera pada type certificate, supplemental type certificate, atau pada material,
part, atau proses yang telah diizinkan di bawah part 21 poin 21.305

43.3 Persons authorized to perform maintenance, preventive maintenance, rebuilding,


and alterations.

(a) Except as provided in this section, no person or no organization may maintain, rebuild, alter,
or perform preventive maintenance on an aircraft, airframe, aircraft engine, propeller, appliance,
or component part to which this part applies. Those items, the performance of which is a major
alteration, a major repair or preventive maintenance are listed in Appendix A.

(b) The holder of an aircraft maintenance engineer license may perform maintenance,
preventive maintenance, and alterations as provide in part 65.

(c) A person working under the supervision of a holder of an aircraft maintenance engineer
license may perform the maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alterations that his
supervisor is authorized to perform, if the supervisor personally observes the work being done
to the extent necessary to ensure that it is being done properly and if the supervisor is readily
available, in person, for consultation. However, this paragraph does not authorize the
performance of any inspection required by part 91 or any inspection per-formed after a major
repair or alteration.

(d) The holder of an approved maintenance organization certificate may perform maintenance,
preventive maintenance, and alterations as provided in part 145.

(e) The holder of an air operator certificate issued under part 121 or 135, may perform
maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alterations as provided in part 121 or 135.

(f) A manufacturer may−

(1) Rebuild or alter any aircraft, aircraft engine, propeller, or appliance manufactured by him
under a type or production certificate;

(2) Rebuild or alter any appliance or part of aircraft, aircraft engines, propellers, or appliances
manufactured by him under a Technical Standard Order (TSO) authorization, a Parts
Manufacturer Approval (PMA), or product and process specification issued by the DGCA; and
(3) Perform any inspection required by part 91 on aircraft it manufactures while currently
operating under a production certificate or under a currently approved production inspection
system for such aircraft.

Penjelasan:

Part 43.3 menjelaskan bahwa tidak ada seorangpun maupun organisasi manapun yang berhak
untuk melakukan perawatan, pembuatan, maupun perubahan pada aircraft, airframe, aircraft
engine, propeller, dan komponen lainnya, kecuali:

- Pemegang Aircraft Maintenance Engineer License (AMEL)


- Seseorang yang bekerja di bawah pengawasan seorang pemegang AMEL sesuai
dengan kewenangan yang dimiliki oleh pemegang AMEL tersebut.
- Organisasi yang memiliki sertifikat Approved Maintenance Organization (AMO) sesuai
dengan part 145.
- Organisasi yang memiliki sertifikat Air Operator Certificate (AOC) sesuai dengan part
121 atau 135.
- Pabrik (Manufacturer), berhak untuk melakukan pembuatan kembali (rebuild) maupun
perubahan (alteration).

43.5 Approval for return to service after maintenance, preventive maintenance,


rebuilding, or alteration.

No person may approve for return to service any aircraft, airframe, aircraft engine, propeller, or
appliance that has undergone maintenance, preventive maintenance, rebuilding, or alteration
unless−

(a) The maintenance record entry required by section 43.9 or section 43.11, as appropriate, has
been made;

(b) The repair or alteration form authorized by or furnished by the DGCA has been executed in a
manner prescribed by the DGCA; and

(c) If a repair or an alteration results in any change in the aircraft operating limitations or flight
data contained in the approved aircraft flight manual, those operating limitations or flight data
are appropriately revised, approved and set forth as prescribed in part 91 section 91.9.

Penjelasan:

Poin 43.5 menjelaskan bahwa tidak ada seorangpun yang berhak merilis aircraft, airframe,
aircraft engine, propeller, maupun komponen yang lainnya setelah dilakukan perawatan,
pembuatan kembali, atau pengubahan untuk return-to-service (RTS) kecuali: Maintenance
record sudah dibuat (sesuai section 43.9 atau 43.11), dilakukan sesuai dengan cara yang
diizinkan oleh DGCA. Jika perbaikan maupun perubahan pada pesawat menyebabkan
perubahan batasan operasi (operating limitation) maupun data penerbangan, batasan operasi
tersebut harus direvisi sesuai dengan part 91 section 91.9.

43.7 Persons authorized to approve aircraft, airframes, aircraft engines, propellers,


appliances, or component parts for return to service after maintenance, preventive
maintenance, rebuilding, or alteration.
(a) Except as provided in this section, no person, other than the DGCA, may approve an
aircraft, air-frame, aircraft engine, propeller, appliance, or component part for return to service
after it has undergone maintenance, preventive maintenance, rebuilding, or alteration.

(b) The holder of an aircraft maintenance engineer license may approve an aircraft, airframe,
aircraft engine, propeller, appliance, or component part for return to service as provided in part
65.

(c) The holder of an approved maintenance organization certificate may approve an aircraft,
airframe, aircraft engine, propeller, appliance, or component part for return to service as
provided in part 145.

(d) A manufacturer may approve for return to service any aircraft, airframe, aircraft engine,
propeller, appliance, or component part which that manufacturer has worked on under section
43.3 (f). However, except for minor alterations, the work must have been done in accordance
with technical data approved by the DGCA.

(e) The holder of an air operator certificate issued under part 121 or 135, may approve an
aircraft, air-frame, aircraft engine, propeller, appliance, or component part for return to service
as provided in part 121 or 135 as applicable.

Penjelasan:

Poin 43.7 menjelaskan bahwa tidak ada seorangpun yang berhak melakukan RTS pada
pesawat yang telah mengalami perawatan, rebuilding, dan alteration, kecuali:

- DGCA
- Pemegang AMEL (sesuai dengan part 65)
- Organisasi pemegang AMO (sesuai part 145)
- Manufacturer tempat pesawat tersebut dibuat. Untuk perubahan besar (major alteration)
harus mempunyai approval dari DGCA.
- Organisasi Air Operator Operator sesuai dengan part 121 atau 135.

43.9 Content, form, and disposition of maintenance, preventive maintenance, rebuilding,


and alteration records (except inspections performed in accordance with part 91 and 135
sections 135.367(b)(1).)

(a) Maintenance record entries. Except as provided in paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section,
each person who maintains, performs preventive maintenance, rebuilds, or alters an aircraft,
airframe, aircraft engine, propeller, appliance, or component part shall enter the following into
the maintenance record of that equipment:

(1) A description (or reference to data acceptable to the DGCA) of work performed.

(2) The date of completion of the work performed.

(3) The name of the person performing the work if other than the person specified in paragraph
(a)(4) of this section.
(4) If the work performed on the aircraft, airframe, aircraft engine, propeller, appliance, or
component part has been performed satisfactorily, the signature, license number, and category
of license held by the person approving the work. The signature constitutes the approval for
return to service only for the work performed. In addition to the entry required by this paragraph,
major repairs and major alterations shall be entered on a form, and the form disposed of, in the
manner prescribed in Appendix B, by the person performing the work.

(b) Each holder of an air operator certificate issued under part 121 or 135, that is required by its
approved operations specifications to provide for continuous airworthiness maintenance
program, shall make a record of the maintenance, preventive maintenance, rebuilding, and
alteration, on aircraft, airframes, air-craft engines, propellers, appliances, or component parts
which it operates in accordance with the applicable provisions of part 121 or 135, as
appropriate.

(c) This section does not apply to persons performing inspections in accordance with part 91 or
135 sections 135.367(b)(1).

Penjelasan:

Poin 43.9 menjelaskan bahwa maintenance record memuat: deskripsi pekerjaan, referensi,
tanggal pelaksanaan pekerjaan, nama personil yang melakukan pekerjaan. Jika pekerjaan yang
telah dilakukan telah berjalan memuaskan, maka tanda tangan, nomor lisence, dan jenis license
harus dicantumkan sebagai tanda approval untuk RTS.

Untuk air operator, maintenance record juga harus dibuat sesuai dengan yang diminta pada
part 121 atau part 135.

Bagian ini tidak berlaku untuk personil yang melakukan inspeksi yang mereferesi pada part 91
atau part 135 sections 135.367.

43.11 Content, form, and disposition of records for inspections conducted under parts 91
and 135 sections 135.367(b)(1).

(a) Maintenance record entries. The person approving or disapproving for return to service an
aircraft, airframe, aircraft engine, propeller, appliance, or component part after any inspection
performed in accordance with part 91 or 135 sections 135.367(b)(1) shall make an entry in the
maintenance record of that equipment containing the following information:

(1) The type of inspection and a brief description of the extent of the inspection.

(2) The date of the inspection and aircraft total time in service.

(3) The signature, the license number, and kind of license held by the person approving or
disapproving for return to service the aircraft, airframe, aircraft engine, propeller, appliance,
component part, or portions thereof.

(4) Except for progressive inspections, if the aircraft is found to be airworthy and approved for
return to service, the following or a similarly worded statement - “I certify that this aircraft has
been inspected in accordance with (insert type) inspection and was determined to be in
airworthy condition.”

(5) Except for progressive inspections, if the aircraft is not approved for return to service
because of needed maintenance, noncompliance with applicable specifications, airworthiness
directives, or other ap-proved data, the following or a similarly worded statement - “I certify that
this aircraft has been inspected in accordance with (insert type) inspection and a list of
discrepancies and unairworthy items dated (date) has been provided for the aircraft owner or
operator.”

(6) For progressive inspections, the following or a similarly worded statement − “I certify that in
accordance with a progressive inspection program, a routine inspection of (identify whether
aircraft or components) and a detailed inspection of (identify components) were performed and
the (aircraft or components) are (approved or disapproved for return to service. “If disapproved,
the entry will further state “and a list of discrepancies and unairworthy items dated (date) has
been provided to the aircraft owner or operator.”

(7) If an inspection is conducted under an inspection program provided for in part 91 or135
section 135.367(b)(1), the entry must identify the inspection program, that part of the inspection
program accomplished and contain a statement that the inspection was performed in
accordance with the inspections and procedures for that particular program.

(b) Listing of discrepancies and placards. If the person performing any inspection required by
part 91 or 135 section 135.367(b)(1) finds that the aircraft is unairworthy or does not meet the
applicable type certificate data, airworthiness directives, or other approved data upon which its
airworthiness depends, that persons must give the owner or lessee a signed and dated list of
those discrepancies. For those items permitted to be inoperative under part 91 section
91.213(d)(2), that person shall place a placard, that meets the aircraft’s airworthiness
certification regulations, on each inoperative instrument and the cockpit control of each item of
inoperative equipment, marking it “Inoperative,” and shall add the items to the signed and dated
list of discrepancies given to the owner or lessee.

Penjelasan:

Poin 43.11 menjelaskan tentang maintenance record pada part 91 dan part 135. Maintenance
record harus memuat: tipe inspeksi, tanggal inspeksi, tanda tangan serta nomor lisensi, dan
pernyataan yang menyatakan tentang inspeksi tersebut oleh pemegang AMEL yang memberi
RTS pada pesawat tersebut. Jika pesawat tersebut unairworthy (tidak sesuai dengan type
certificate data, airworthiness directives, serta data yang berkaitan dengan airworthiness
lainnya) maka harus diberi data discrepancies serta dipasang placards.

43.12 Maintenance records: Falsification, reproduction, alteration and retention.

(a) No person may make or cause to be made:

(1) Any fraudulent or intentionally false entry in any record or report that is required to be made,
kept, or used to show compliance with any requirement under this part;

(2) Any reproduction, for fraudulent purpose, of any record or report under this part; or

(3) Any alteration, for fraudulent purpose, of any record or report under this part.
(b) The commission by any person of an act prohibited under paragraph (a) of this section is a
basis for suspending or revoking the applicable license, operator, or production certificate,
Technical Standard Order Authorization, part Manufacturer Approval, or Product and Process
Specification issued by the DGCA and held by that person.

(c) The maintenance records shall be retained for a minimum period of 90 days after the unit to
which they refer has been permanently withdrawn from service.

Penjelasan:

Section 43.12 menjelaskan bahwa tidak ada seorangpun yang berhak untuk mengubah,
memalsukan, memproduksi kembali, serta menyimpan maintenance records untuk keperluan
pemalsuan maupun penyalahgunaan. Barangsiapa yang melakukan hal tersebut, AMELnya
akan dicabut oleh DGCA.

Maintenance records masih harus disimpan hingga 90 hari setelah pesawat yang bersangkutan
berhenti beroperasi.

43.13 Performance Rules (general).

(a) Each person performing maintenance, alteration, or preventive maintenance on an aircraft,


air-frame, engine, propeller, or appliance shall use the methods, techniques, and practices
prescribed in the current manufacturer’s maintenance manual or Instructions for Continued
Airworthiness prepared by its manufacturer, or other methods, techniques, and practices
acceptable to the DGCA, except as noted in section 43.16. Tools, equipment, and test
apparatus necessary to assure completion of the work in accordance with accepted industry
practices shall be used. Where special equipment or test apparatus is recommended by the
manufacturer involved, that equipment or apparatus, or its equivalent if acceptable to the
DGCA, must be used.

(b) Each person maintaining, altering or performing preventive maintenance shall do that work
in such a manner and use materials of such a quality, that the condition of the aircraft, airframe,
aircraft engine, propeller, or appliance worked on will be at least equal to its original or properly
altered condition (with regard to aerodynamic function, structural strength, resistance to
vibration and deterioration, and other qualities affecting airworthiness).

(c) Special provisions for holders of air operator certificates issued under the provisions of part
121 or 135 and part 129 operators holding operations specifications. Unless otherwise notified
by the DGCA, the methods, techniques, and practices contained in the maintenance manual or
the maintenance part of the manual of the holder of an air operator certificate under part 121 or
135 and part 129 operators holding operations specifications (that is required by its operating
specifications to provide a continuous airworthiness maintenance and inspection program)
constitute acceptable means of compliance with this section.

Penjelasan:

Poin 43.13 menjelaskan bahwa setiap orang yang melakukan perawatan pesawat harus
mengikuti maintenance manual yang diterbitkan oleh pabrik maupun authority. Alat-alat yang
digunakan juga harus sesuai dengan maintenance manual. Dalam melakukan perawatan
pesawat, hal yang dituju adalah bahwa setelah pesawat dilakukan perawatan, pesawat kembali
dalam keadaan seperti semula.
43.15 Additional performance rules for inspections.

(a) General. Each person performing an inspection required by part 91 or 135 of the CASRs
shall−

(1) Perform the inspection so as to determine whether the aircraft, or portion(s) thereof under
inspection, meets all applicable airworthiness requirements; and,

(2) If the inspection is one provided for in part 135 or 91 section 91.409(e), perform the
inspection in accordance with the instructions and procedures set forth in the inspection
program for the aircraft being inspected.

(b) Rotorcraft. Each person performing an inspection required by part 91 on a rotorcraft shall
inspect the following systems in accordance with the maintenance manual or Instructions for
Continued Airworthiness of the manufacturer concerned:
(1) The drive shafts or similar systems.
(2) The main rotor transmission gear box for obvious defects.
(3) The main rotor and center section (or the equivalent area).
(4) The auxiliary rotor on helicopters.
(c) Annual and 100 hour inspections.

(1) Each person performing an annual or 100 hour inspection shall use a checklist while
performing the inspection. The checklist may be of the person’s own design, one provided by
the manufacturer of the equipment being inspected or one obtained from another source. This
checklist must include the scope and detail of the items contained in Appendix D to this part and
paragraph (b) of this section.

(2) Each person approving a reciprocating engine powered aircraft for return to service after an
annual or 100 hour inspection shall, before that approval, run the aircraft engine or engines to
determine satisfactory performance in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations
of−
(i) power output (static and idle rpm);
(ii) magnetos;
(iii) fuel and oil pressure; and
(iv) cylinder and oil temperature.

(3) Each person approving a turbine engine powered aircraft for return to service after an
annual, 100 hour, or progressive inspection shall, before that approval, run the aircraft engine or
engines to determine satisfactory performance in accordance with the manufacturer’s
recommendations.

(d) Progressive inspection.

(1) Each person performing a progressive inspection shall, at the start of a progressive
inspection system, inspect the aircraft completely. After this initial inspection, routine and
detailed inspections must be conducted as prescribed in the progressive inspection schedule.
Routine inspections consist of visual examination or check of the appliances, the aircraft, and its
components and systems, insofar as practicable without disassembly. Detailed inspections
consist of a thorough examination of the appliances, the aircraft, and its components and
systems, with such disassembly as is necessary. For the purpose of this subparagraph, the
overhaul of a component or system is considered to be a detailed inspection.

(2) If the aircraft is away from the station where inspections are normally conducted, an
appropriately rated aircraft maintenance engineer, an Approved maintenance organization, or
the manufacturer of the aircraft may perform inspections in accordance with the procedures and
using the forms of the person who would otherwise perform the inspection.

Penjelasan:

Poin 43.15 menjelaskan bahwa setiap orang yang melakukan inspeksi pesawat sesuai part 91
dan 135 harus memenuhi syarat dari airworthiness. Untuk pesawat dengan rotorcraft, hal-hal
yang harus dicek terlebih dahulu adalah: drive shafts, main rotor transmission gear box, main
rotor and center section, dan auxilliary rotor (helicopters).

Untuk perawatan tahunan ataupun 100-jam, inspeksi harus dilakukan dengan checklist. Untuk
perawatan recripocating engine, yang harus diinspeksi adalah power output, magnetos, fuel and
oil pressure, dan cylinder and oil temperature.

Setiap orang yang memberi izin RTS untuk pesawat dengan turbine engine harus melakukan
engine run sesuai rekomendasi dari pabrik sebelum izin RTS diterbitkan.

43.16 Airworthiness Limitations.

Each person performing an inspection or other maintenance specified in an Airworthiness


Limitations section of a manufacturer’s maintenance manual or Instructions for Continued
Airworthiness shall perform the inspection or other maintenance in accordance with that section,
or in accordance with operations specifications approved by the DGCA under parts 121 or 135,
or an inspection program approved under part 91 section 91.409(e).

Penjelasan: Setiap orang yang melakukan inspeksi ataupun perawatan pesawat harus
mengikuti Airworthiness Limitations yang diterbitkan oleh pabrik, maupun oleh DGCA pada part
121, 135,atau 91.

PART. 45 IDENTIFICATION AND REGISTRATION MARKING


45.1 Applicability
This part prescribes the requirements for:

a. Identification of aircraft, and identification of aircraft engines and propellers that are
manufactured under the terms of a type or production certificate;

b. Identification of parts that are manufactured under the terms of a type or production
certificate;

c. Identification of certain replacement and modified parts produced for installation on type
certificated products; and
d. Nationality and Registration marking of Indonesian registered aircraft.

Penjelasan :
Part ini menjelaskan tentang bagaimana mengidentifikasi mulai dari pesawat, engine
dan/atau propeller pesawat sampai pergantian atau modifikasi part tertentu yang termasuk
dalam product certificate. Part ini juga menjelaskan bagaimana penandaan registrasi dan
kenegaraan pesawat.

SUBPART B. IDENTIFICATION OF AIRCRAFT AND RELATED PRODUCTS

45.11 General

a. Aircraft and aircraft engines.


Aircraft covered under Section 21.182 of the CASRs must be identified, and each person
who manufactures an aircraft engine under a type or production certificate shall identify that
engine, by means of a fireproof plate that has the information specified in section 45.13 of
this Part marked on it by etching, stamping, engraving, or other approved method of fireproof
marking. The identification plate for aircraft must be secured in such a manner that it will not
likely be defaced or removed during normal service, or lost or destroyed in an accident.
Except as provided in paragraphs c. and d. of this section, the aircraft identification plate must
be secured to the aircraft fuselage exterior so that it is legible to a person on the ground, and
must be either adjacent to and aft of the rearmost entrance door or on the fuselage surface
near the tail surfaces. For aircraft engines, the identification plate must be affixed to the
engine at an accessible location in such a manner that it will not likely be defaced or removed
during normal service, or lost or destroyed in an accident.

b. Propellers and propeller blades and hubs.


Each person who manufactures a propeller, propeller blade, or propeller hub under the terms
of a type or production certificate shall identify his product by means of a plate, stamping,
engraving, etching, or other approved method of fireproof identification that is placed on it on
a non-critical surface, contains the information specified in Section 45.13, and will not be
likely to be defaced or removed during normal service or lost or destroyed in an accident.

c. Manned free balloons.


For manned free balloons, the identification plate prescribed in paragraph a. of this section
must be secured to the balloon envelope and must be located, if practicable, where it is legible
to the operator when the balloon is inflated. In addition, the basket and heater assembly must
be permanently and legibly marked with the manufacturer’s name, part number (or
equivalent) and serial number (or equivalent).

d. On aircraft manufactured before December 27, 1993, the identification plate required by
paragraph a. of this section may be secured at an accessible exterior or interior location near
an entrance, if the model designation and builder’s serial number are also displayed on the
aircraft fuselage exterior. The model designation and builder’s serial number must be legible
to a person on the ground and must be located either adjacent to and aft of the rearmost
entrance door or on the fuselage near the tail surfaces. The model designation and builder’s
serial number must be displayed in such a manner that they are not likely to be defaced or
removed during normal service.

e. In addition to requirements of Section 45.14, each person who manufactures parts under the
terms of a type or production certificate shall identify his parts by means of a plate, stamping,
engraving, etching, or other acceptable method that is placed on it on a non critical surface
and will not be likely to be defaced or removed during storage or until it was installed in next
higher assembly. The identification required by this section shall include Part Number, Serial
Number (if any) and stamp or signature or other acceptable evidence that the parts has
passed the manufacturer’s quality inspection.

f. For powered parachutes and weight-shift-control aircraft, the identification plate prescribed
in paragraph (a) of this section must be secured to the aircraft fuselage exterior so that it is
legible to a person on the ground.

Penjelasan :
Sub part ini menjelaskan bagaimana penempatan/peletakan tanda registrasi dan
kenegaraan suatu pesawat baik engine, propeller, ataupun jenis pesawat itu sendiri/tertentu
termasuk part dari pesawat. Penandaan harus ditempatkan ditempat yang mudah
dibaca/dilihat dari daratan. Penandaan juga harus terlindungi dan tidak mudah hilang saat
kondisi normal maupun saat terjadi kecelakaan. Untuk pesawat yang dibuat sebelum tanggal
27 Desember 1993,penandaan diletakan dan terlindungi pada eksterior dan interior dekat
dengan pintu pesawat. Perusahaan yang membuat suku cadang pesawat harus melakukan
penandaan pada suku cadang tersebut berupa serial number dan part number.

45.13 Identification data


a. The identification required by Sections 45.11 a. and b. shall include the following
information:
1) Builder’s name.
2) Model designation.
3) Builder’s serial number.
4) Type certificate number, if any.
5) Production certificate number, if any.
6) For aircraft engines, the established rating.
7) For aircraft engines specified in Part 34 of the CASRs, the date of manufacture as
defined in section 34.1 of that Part, and a designation, approved by the DGCA, that
indicates compliance with the applicable exhaust emission provisions of Part 34.
Approved designations include COMPLY, EXEMPT, and NON - ROI as appropriate.
a) The designation COMPLY indicates that the engine is in compliance with all of the
applicable exhaust emissions provisions of Part 34. For any engine with a rated thrust
in excess of 26.7 kilonewtons (6000 pounds) which is not used or intended for use in
commercial operations and which is in compliance with the applicable provisions of
Part 34, but does not comply with the hydrocarbon emissions standards of section
34.21 d., the statement “May not be used as a commercial aircraft engine” must be
noted in the permanent powerplant record that accompanies the engine at the time of
manufacture of the engine.
b) The designation EXEMPT indicates that the engine has been granted an exemption
pursuant to the applicable provision of Section 34.7 a.1), a.4), b., c. or d., and an
indication of the type of exemption and the reason for the grant must be noted in the
permanent powerplant record that accompanies the engine from the time of
manufacture of the engine.
c) The designation NON - ROI indicates that the engine has been granted an exemption
pursuant to section 34.7 a. 1), and the notation “This aircraft may not be operated
within the Republic of Indonesia”, or an equivalent notation approved by the DGCA,
must be inserted in the aircraft logbook, or alternate equivalent document, at the time
of installation of the engine.

8) Any other information the DGCA finds appropriate.

b. Except as provided in paragraph d.1) of this section, no person may remove, change, or place
identification information required by paragraph a. of this section, on any aircraft, aircraft
engine, propeller, propeller blade, or propeller hub, without the approval of the DGCA.

c. Except as provided in paragraph d.2) of this section, no person may remove or install any
identification plate required by Section 45.11 of this Part, without the approval of the DGCA.

d. Persons performing work under the provisions of Part 43 of the CASRs may, in
accordance with methods, techniques, and practices acceptable to the DGCA.
1) Remove, change, or place the identification information required by paragraph a. of this
section on any aircraft, aircraft engine, propeller, propeller blade, or propeller hub; or
2) Remove an identification plate required by Section 45.11 when necessary during
maintenance operations.

e. No person may install an identification plate removed in accordance with paragraph d.2) of
this section on any aircraft, aircraft engine, propeller, propeller blade, or propeller hub other
than the one from which it was removed.

Penjelasan : Sub part ini menjelaskan dokumen dan pendandaan apa saja yang harus
berada ataupun terpasang pada pesawat. Siapapun dilarang merubah ataupun mengganti
identifikasi pesawat tanpa persetujuan dari DGCA.

45.14 Identification of critical components


Each person who produces a part for which a replacement time, inspection interval, or related
procedure is specified in the Airworthiness Limitations section of a manufacture’s
maintenance manual or Instructions for Continued Airworthiness shall permanently and
legibly mark that component with a part number (or equivalent) and a serial number (or
equivalent).

Penjelasan : Sub part ini menjelaskan tentang penandaan untuk komponen-komponen yang
memiliki masa penggantian,pemeriksaan teratur dan tertuang dalam airworthiness limitations
section.

45.15 Replacement and modification parts


a. Except as provided in paragraph b. of this section, each person who produces a replacement
or modification part under a Parts Manufacturer Approval issued under Section 21.303 of the
CASRs shall permanently and legibly mark the part with :
1) The letters “DGCA - PMA“;
2) The name, trademark, or symbol of the holder of the Part Manufacturer Approval;
3) The part number; and
4) The name and model designation of each type certificated product on which the part is
eligible for installation.

b. If the DGCA finds that a part is too small or that it is otherwise impractical to mark a part with
any of the information required by paragraph a. of this section, a tag attached to the part or
its container must include the information that could not be marked on the part. If the marking
required by paragraph a.4) of this section is so extensive that to mark it on a tag is impractical,
the tag attached to the part or the container may refer to a specific readily available manual
or catalog for part eligibility information.

Penjelasan : Sub part ini menjelaskan siapa saja yang melakukan penggantian/modifikasi
part yang terdaftar pada section 21.303 harus memiliki penandaan sesuai poin-poin diatas.
Jika part terlalu kecil dan tidak dimungkinkan untuk dilakukan penandaan maka harus
terpasang tag.

45.16 Marking of life-limited parts.


When requested by a person required to comply with Section 43.10 of the CASR, the holder
of a type certificate or design approval for a life-limited part must provide marking instructions,
or must state that the part cannot be practicably marked without compromising its integrity.
Compliance with this paragraph may be made by providing marking instructions in readily
available documents, such as the maintenance manual or the Instructions for Continued
Airworthiness.

Penjelasan : Sub part ini menjelaskan apabila seseorang memenuhi persyaratan sesuai
CASR section 43.10 maka pemegang type certificate atau design approval harus
menyediakn marking instructions untuk part yang memiliki batas waktu penggunaan atau
dalam keadaan part tersebut tidak bisa di tandai tanpa mengubah fungsinya.marking
instructions harus sudah tersedia dalam bentuk dokumen.

SUBPART C. NATIONALITY AND REGISTRATION MARKS

45.20 General
a. Except as provided in Section 45.22, no person may operate an Indonesian - registered
aircraft unless that aircraft displays identification marks in accordance with the
requirements of this section and sections 45.21 through 45.33.

b. Unless otherwise authorized by the DGCA, no person may place on any aircraft a design,
mark, or symbol that modifies or confuses the nationality and Registration Marks.

c. The name of an aircraft and the name and emblems of the owner of an aircraft may be
displayed on the aircraft if the location, size, shape and color of the lettering and signs does
not interfere with the easy recognition of and is not causing confusion with the identification
marks of the aircraft.

d. Aircraft nationality and Registration Marks must :


1) Except as provided in paragraph d. of this section, be painted on the aircraft or affixed
by any other means insuring a similar degree of permanence;
2) Have no ornamentation;
3) Contrast in color with the background; and
4) Be legible.

e. The aircraft nationality and Registration Marks may be affixed to an aircraft with readily
removable material if :
1) It is intended for immediate delivery to a foreign purchaser;
2) It is bearing a temporary registration number; or
3) It is marked temporarily to meet the requirements of Section 45.22 c.1. of this part.

Penjelasan : Sub part ini menjelaskan bagaimana penandaan kenegaraan dan registrasi
yang harus terpasang pada pesawat. Penandaan harus menggunakan warna yang mudah
terlihat.

45.21 Assignment of identification marks


a. Identification marks
The identification marks of an aircraft registered under this part shall consist of a Nationality
Mark and Registration Mark. The Nationality shall precede the Registration marks and shall
be separated from it by a hyphen.
b. Nationality marks
The Nationality Marks shall be the letter PK.
c. Registration Marks
1) The Registration Marks shall be assigned by the DGCA, and shall consist of three letters.
2) Combination of letters designed for the Registration Marks shall not be used which might
be confused with the five-letter combinations used in the International Code of Signals.
Part II, the three letter combinations beginning with Q used in the Q-code, and with the
distress signal SOS or other similar urgency signals, e.g. XXX. PAN and TTT.

Penjelasan : Sub part ini menjelaskan bagaimana penulisan tanda dan jenis huruf yang
mudah dimengerti serta tidak menggunakan atau sama dengan kode internasional.

45.22 Exhibition, antique, and other aircraft: Special rules


a. When display of aircraft nationality and Registration Marks in accordance with Sections
45.20, 45.21 and 45.23 through 45.33 would be inconsistent with exhibition of that aircraft,
an Indonesian - registered aircraft may be operated without displaying those marks anywhere
on the aircraft if :
1) It is operated for the purpose of exhibition, including a motion picture or television
production, or an air show;
2) Except for practice and test flights necessary for exhibition purposes, it is operated only
at the location of the exhibition, between the exhibition locations, and between those
locations and the base of operations of the aircraft; and
3) For each flight in Indonesia
a) It is operated with the prior approval of the DGCA, in the case of a flight within the
designated airport control zone of the takeoff airport, or within 5 miles of that airport if
it has no designated control zone.
b) It is operated under a flight plan filed under either Section 91.153 or Section 91.169
of the CASRs describing the marks it displays, in the case of any other flight.

b. A small Indonesian - registered aircraft built at least 30 years ago or an Indonesian -


registered aircraft for which an experimental certificate has been issued under Section 21.191
d. or 21.191g. for operation as an exhibition aircraft or as an amateur built aircraft and which
has the same external configuration as an aircraft built at least 30 years ago may be operated
without displaying marks in accordance with Sections 45.20, 45.21, and 45.23 through 45.33
if:
1) It displays in accordance with Section 45.20c., marks at least 15 centimeters (6 inches)
high on each side of the fuselage or vertical tail surface and 25 centimeters (10 inches)
on the wings consisting of the Roman capital letters “PK” followed by:
a) The Indonesian registration letters of aircraft; or
b) The symbol appropriate to the airworthiness certificate of the aircraft (“C” standard;
“R”, restricted; “L”, limited; or “X”, experimental) followed by the Indonesian
registration letters of the aircraft; and
2) It displays no other mark that begins with the letters “PK” anywhere on the aircraft, unless
it is the same mark that is displayed under paragraph b.1) of this section.

c. No person may operate an aircraft under paragraph a. or b. of this section :


1) In a military zone unless it temporarily bears marks in accordance with Section 45.20,
45.21 and 45.23 through 45.33;
2) In a foreign country unless that country consents to that operation; or
3) In any operation conducted under Parts 121, 133, 135, or 137 of the CASRs.

d. If, due to the configuration of an aircraft, it is impossible for a person to mark it in accordance
with Section 45.20, 45.21 and 45.23 through 45.33, he may apply to the DGCA for a different
marking procedure.

Penjelasan : Sub part ini menjelaskan jenis atau kondisi pesawat yang diperbolehkan untuk
tidak menampilkan registrasi pesawat dengan persyaratan yang harus terpenuhi.

45.23 Display of marks: General


a. The nationality and Registration Marks shall be in Roman capital letter.

b. When marks that include only the Roman capital letters “ PK” and the registration letters are
displayed on limited, restricted or light-sport category aircraft or experimental or provisionally
certificated aircraft, the operator shall also display on that aircraft near each entrance to the
cabin or cockpit, in letters not less than 5 centimeters (2 inches) nor more than 15 centimeters
(6 inches) in height, the words “limited”, “restricted”, “light-sport”, “experimental”, or”
provisional airworthiness, “ as the case may be.

Penjelasan : Sub part ini menjelaskan jenis huruf yang harus digunakan untuk tanda
registrasi dan ukuran huruf jika tempat terbatas.

45.24 Display of Indonesia Nationality Flag


a. Aircraft, helicopter, airships, spherical balloons, non-spherical balloons, powered parachutes,
and weight-shift-control aircraft have an Indonesia nationality and registration marks shall
display Indonesia nationality flag.

b. The nationality flag shall appear on any surface of fuselage exterior or vertical stabilizer that
is eligible to a person on the ground.

c. The height of nationality flag shall be at least 30 centimeter (12 inches) and the width shall
be 3/2 of the height.
Penjelasan : Sub Part ini menjelaskan bahwa setiap pesawat yang mempunyai registrasi
harus memasang bendera nasional Indonesia dengan posisi dan ukuran yang sudah
ditentukan.

45.25 Location of marks on fixed wing aircraft


a. The marks on fixed wing aircraft shall be displayed as prescribed in b. and c. of this section
on the wings and either on the fuselage or on the vertical tail surface(s).

b. The marks shall appear once on the upper surface of the wing structure and once on the
lower surface of the wing structure. They shall be located on the right half of the upper surface
and on the left half of the lower surface of the wing structure unless they extend across the
whole of both the upper and the lower surfaces of the wing structure. So far as possible the
marks shall be located equidistant from the leading and trailing edges of the wings. The tops
of the marks shall be toward the leading edge of the wing.

c. The marks shall appear on each side of the fuselage (or equivalent structure) between the
wings and the tail surface. Or on the upper halves of the vertical tail surfaces. When located
on single vertical tail surface they shall appear on both sides. When located on multi-vertical
tail surfaces they shall appear on the outboard sides of the outer surfaces.

Penjelasan : Sub part ini menjelaskan penempatan posisi tanda registrasi pesawat yang
terpasang pada sayap maupun badan pesawat.

45.27 Location of marks on non-fixed wing aircraft


a. Rotorcraft:
1) The marks on rotorcraft shall be displayed as prescribed in a. 2) and 3) of this section,
once on the bottom surface of the fuselage and once on each side surface of the
fuselage.
2) The marks on the bottom surface of the fuselage (or equivalent structure) shall be placed
with the tops of the marks toward the left side of the fuselage (or equivalent structure).
3) The marks on the side surfaces of the fuselage (or equivalent structure) shall appear
below the window lines and as near the cockpit as possible.

b. Airships:
1) The marks on airships shall be displayed as prescribed in b.2) and 3) of this section
either on the hull or on the stabilizer surfaces.
2) Where the marks appear on the hull they shall be located lengthwise on each side of the
hull and also on its upper surface on the line of symmetry.
3) Where the marks appear on the stabilizer surface they shall appear on both the horizontal
and the vertical stabilizers. The marks on the horizontal stabilizer shall be located on the
right half of the upper surface and on the left half of the lower surface with the tops of the
marks toward the leading edge. The marks on the vertical stabilizer shall be located on
each side of the bottom half stabilizer and placed horizontally.

c. Spherical Balloons:
The marks on a spherical balloon shall be displayed on the surface of the balloon in two
places diametrically opposite. They shall be located near the maximum horizontal
circumference of the balloon.
d. Non-Spherical Balloons:
The marks on a non - spherical balloon shall be displayed on each side surface of the balloon.
They shall be located near the maximum cross section of the balloon immediately above
either the rigging band or the points of attachment of the basket suspension cables
.
e. Powered parachutes and weight-shift-control aircraft.
Each operator of a powered parachute or a weight-shift-control aircraft must display the
marks required by Section 45.23 and 45.29(b)(2) of this part. The marks must be displayed
in two diametrically opposite positions on the fuselage, a structural member, or a component
of the aircraft and must be visible from the side of the aircraft.

f. Non-Conventional Aircraft:
If the design of an aircraft is such that none of the requirements of Sections 45.25 and 45.27
is fully applicable, the marks of such aircraft shall be displayed on the aircraft in a manner as
determined by the DGCA.

Penjelasan : Sub part ini menjelaskan penentuan lokasi penandaan registrasi pesawat pada
jenis pesawat tertentu.

45.29 Type and size of marks


a. General:
1) The letters shall be capital letters in Roman characters without ornamentation.
Numbers (if used) shall be Arabic numbers without ornamentation.
2) The width of each character (except the letter I and the number 1) and the length of the
hyphen, shall be two-thirds of the height of a character.
3) The characters and hyphens shall be formed by solid lines and shall be of a color
contrasting clearly with the background. The thickness of the lines shall be one-sixth of
the height of a character.
4) Each character shall be separated from that which it immediately precedes or follows
by a space of not less than one-quarter of a character width. A hyphen shall be regarded
as a character for this purpose.
5) The characters in each separate group of marks shall be of equal height

b. Fixed wing aircraft:


1) The height of the identification marks on the wings shall be at least 50 centimeters (20
inches).
2) The marks on the fuselage (or equivalent structure) or vertical tail surfaces shall be as
large as practicable, but shall not interfere with the visible outlines of the fuselage (or
equivalent structure ) and shall leave at least a margin of 5 centimeters (2 inches) along
each edge of any vertical tail surface.
3) The height of marks on the fuselage or vertical tail surfaces shall be at least 30
centimeters (12 inches).

c. Rotorcraft:
1) The identification marks on the fuselage (or equivalent structure) of a rotorcraft shall be
as large as possible, but shall not interfere with the visible outlines of the fuselage (or
equivalent structure).
2) On the bottom surface of the fuselage (or equivalent structure) the height shall not be
less than 50 centimeters (20 inches), and on the side surfaces of the fuselage (or
equivalent structure) the height shall not be less than 15 centimeters (6 inches).

d. Airships, spherical balloons, non-spherical balloons, powered parachutes, and weight-shift-


control aircraft :
The height of marks on airships, spherical balloons, non-spherical balloons, powered
parachutes, and weight-shift-control aircraft shall be at least 50 centimeters (20 inches).

e. Non - conventional Aircraft:


If the design of an aircraft is such that none of the requirements of this Section is
fully applicable, the size of marks displayed on such aircraft shall be determined
by the DGCA.

Penjelasan : Sub part ini menjelaskan tipe, ukuran dan caraa penandaan huruf atau angka
yang terpasang sebagai registrasi pesawat.

45.30 Additional marking requirement


In addition to the identification requirements of Subpart B, an aircraft shall carry an
identification plate inscribed with its Nationality Marks and Registration Marks and such other
details as the DGCA requires from time to time, in accordance with the ICAO Convention.
The plate shall be made of fireproof metal or other fireproof material of suitable physical
properties and shall be secured to the aircraft in a prominent position near the main entrance.

Penjelasan : Sub part ini menjelaskan bagaimana penandaan registrasi pesawat harus selalu
terdaftar baik di otoritas nasional maupun internasional. Penandaan juga harus terlindungi
dan mudah dilihat.

45.31 Marking of export aircraft


A person who manufactures an aircraft in Indonesia for delivery outside thereof may display
on that aircraft any marks required by the state of registry of the aircraft. However, no person
may operate an aircraft so marked within Indonesia, except for test and demonstration flights
for a limited period of time, or while in necessary transit to the purchaser.

Penjelasan : Sub part ini menjelaskan bagaimana penandaan registrasi bagi pesawat yang
akan di ekspor.

45.33 Sale of aircraft: Removal of marks


When an aircraft that is registered in Indonesia is sold, the holder of the Certificate of Aircraft
Registration shall remove, before its delivery to the purchaser, all Indonesian marks from the
aircraft, unless the purchaser is -
a. A citizen of Indonesia;

b. When the aircraft is to be based and primarily used in Indonesia , a corporation lawfully
organized and doing business under the laws of Indonesia.

Penjelasan : Sub part ini menjelaskan bagaimana registrasi pesawat apabila pesawat
tersebut dijual atau berganti kepemilikan.
Part 47 – Aircraft Registration
SUBPART A.GENERAL

This part prescribes the requirements for registering aircraft under Article 25 of the Aviation Act
No. 1 year 2009.

47.3 Register of civil aircraft

The register of civil aircraft shall be established and maintained by the Director General and shall
record in the register the following informations in respect of each civil aircraft registered in
Indonesia the number of the certificate, the nationality and registration mark, the manufacture’s
design, the serial number of the aircraft, the name and address of the registered owner and
operator, the date on which the entry was made in the register and the type of operation of the
aircraft.

47.5 Eligibility for registration

An aircraft shall be eligible for registration in Indonesia only when the aircraft is

a. Not registered in other country, and


b. Owned by Indonesian citizen or Indonesian legal entity, or
c. Owned by a foreign citizen or foreign legal entity and operated by an Indonesian citizen or
Indonesian legal entity for a minimum utilization period of 2 (two) years, or
d. Owned by government agency or regional government and the aircraft is not utilized for law
enforcement mission, or
e. Owned by a foreign citizen or foreign legal entity whose aircraft is in possession of an
Indonesian legal entity, or
f. All duties due and payable under the laws of Indonesia in respect of the importation of the
aircraft into Indonesia have been paid,
g. All insurance required by Article 62 of Aviation Act No. 1 Year 2009 have been covered.

47.7 Applicant
Applicant who wishes to register an aircraft in Indonesia must be an Indonesian Citizen or Legal
Body under the Law of the Republic of Indonesia.

47.9 Evidence of ownership

Each person who submits an application for aircraft registration shall also submit the required
evidence of ownership in the form of Bill of Sale or Grant Certificate/Document or other form as
acceptable by Director General.

47.11 Appointment to act on behalf of more than one owner

If an aircraft is owned by more than one person, it must be appointed one to act on their behalf in
order to register the aircraft.

47.13 Registration mark

Registration mark of an aircraft is assigned by the Director General in accordance with


requirement of CASR 45.21.

47.14 Temporary Certificate of Registration

a. Temporary certificate of registration is issued by the Director General and shall be displayed
on aircraft during flight for the purpose of Production test flight of new aircraft produced by
Indonesian manufacturer and delivery of aircraft to the Republic of Indonesia.
b. A temporary certificate of registration shall remain valid for the period specified in the certificate
and shall not exceed three months,
c. A temporary certificate of registration is not valid for revenue flight.

SUBPART B. CERTIFICATE OF AIRCRAFT REGISTRATION

Subpart B applies to each applicant for, and holder of a Certificate of Registration


47.21 Application for registration

Application for registration of an aircraft in Indonesia shall be made in a form as prescribed by the
Director General and Submits an evidence of ownership.

47.23 Certificate of registration

a. An aircraft may be registered only by and in the legal name of its owner.
b. Certificate of registration is not evidence of ownership of aircraft in any proceeding in which
ownership by a particular person is in issue. The Director General does not issue any certificate
of ownership. The Director General issues a Certificate of Registration to the person who
appears to be the owner on the basis of the evidence of ownership
c. In this part, “owner” includes a buyer in possession or person in accordance with paragraph
47.11.

47.25 Duration of Certificate of Registration

A Certificate of Registration shall remain valid for the period of validity specified in the certificate
and such period shall not exceed three years. Each Certificate of Registration issued under this
subpart will be effective until such period stated on certificate, unless:

a. The registration is canceled upon written request from the holder of certificate, or authorized
person,
b. Breech of contract (non-performance) by lessee of aircraft without any court’s decision,
c. Certificate of Airworthiness can not be maintained continuously for more than three years.

47.27 Change of ownership of aircraft

Where there is a change in the ownership of a registered aircraft, the Certificate of Registration
shall there upon be deemed to be canceled and certificate holder or authorized person shall
forward the followings to the Director General. The previous Certificate of Registration shall be
returned to Director General.

47.29 Change of address


In case of change to owner permanent address, the holder of a Certificate of Registration shall
notify the Director General with evidence of registration of the new address.

47.31 Cancellation of certificate for export purpose

The holder of a Certificate of Registration who wishes to cancel the certificate for the purpose of
export must submit to the Director General a written request. Director General will notify the
cancellation to the country to which the aircraft is to be exported.

47.33 Renewal or replacement of certificate

If a Certificate of Registration is lost, stolen, or mutilated, the holder of the Certificate of


Registration may apply to the Director General for a new certificate.

SUBPART C : IRREVOCABLE DEREGISTRATION AND EXPORT REQUEST AUTHORITY


(IDERA)

This part is the requirements of Irrevocable Deregistration and Export Request Authority (IDERA)
for aircraft subject to Cape Town Treaty.

47.41. Record and deletion of IDERA

Irrevocable Deregistration and Export Request Authorization (IDERA) shall be acknowledged and
recorded by the Director General when applicant has completed the Form of IDERA in correct
manner. IDERA can only be revoked upon request from Authorized Party or debtor with the written
consent from Authorized Party, and record of IDERA will be deleted accordingly.
47.42 Cancellation of aircraft registration pursuant to IDERA

Pursuant to the Aviation Act No. 1 year 2009 Article 75 (2), aircraft deregistration subject to
IDERA will be processed within five working days from the date of application received by
Director General. Authorized party or its certified designee may request the deregistration of
aircraft to Director General.