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INTRODUCTION

TO GRAPHOLOGY
Etymology
 Grapho – to write
 Logos – study

 Graphology – Handwriting Analysis;


method of determining one’s behavior
based one’s handwriting. In this study,
depression is being determined by
graphology.
The TRUTH
 Appearances can be
deceiving but Handwriting
Never LIES..
- Michelle
Dresbold (2006)
What can you say about this
handwriting sample?
How about with this one?
This one?
Which one of these writers is
more nurturing?
A

B
Which one of these writers is
more nurturing?
A gentle
A woman who
dedicated her
life to nurturing
Mother Teresa and healing the
poorest of the
poor
A murderer and
a Torturer B

Heinrich Himmler
Which one of the writers tends to
be inconsistent?
A

B
Which one would be more fun at the
party? Who is the life of the party?
Your Own Writing Sample

Write a letter to yourself of at least two


paragraphs. The verbal content of your
message is unimportant, so just relax
and write in usual style (CURSIVE
form).
WHAT IS GRAPHOLOGY or
Handwriting Analysis?

It is a MODERN Form of PSYCHOLOGY


that identifies personality traits and
Human Character through Handwriting.
- Bart Baggett (2004)
Two Types of Approaches

1. Trait Strokes
- Individual ingredient of the
handwriting.

2. Gestalt
- the “whole” picture
Frequently Asked Questions
(FAQ)
Q: What does Handwriting REVEAL?

A: Handwriting reveals the true


personality, including emotional outlay,
fears, honesty, defenses, and over 100
other individual Personality Traits.
FAQ

Q: What CAN you NOT tell from a


handwriting sample?

A: Age
Race
Gender
Religion
Nationality
Future
Writing Hand
FAQ

Q: How does handwriting reveal


personality?

A: Handwriting is often referred to as


“BRAIN WRITING”. Research scientists
in the field of neuroscience have
categorized neuromuscular movement
tendencies as they are correlated with
specific observable personality traits.
FAQ

Q: How accurate is Handwriting


Analysis?

A: It is only as accurate as the analyst is


skilled. Most professionals claim to be
85 – 95% accurate.
Who uses Handwriting
Analysis?

A: FBI, CIA and Mossad (Israel’s


intelligence agency) use it to build
detailed psychological profiles of some
of the world’s most dangerous
individuals.
Who uses Handwriting
Analysis?

A: Anyone who is interested in gaining a


better understanding of himself and
others or making a positive change in
his own life.
Who uses HA?

Individuals – for self-improvement, to


gain understanding of themselves, and
often incorporate aspects of grapho-
therapy to change bad habits.
Who uses HA?

Single people – to aid in the selection of


compatible partners.

Couples – to improve current


relationships through better
understanding and communication.
Who uses HA?

Business– for selecting applicants,


determining good business partners,
etc....

Psychologists and counselors– for


personality evaluation and therapy
Who uses HA?

Teachers– for understanding their


students better in order to plan
appropriate teaching strategies.

Psychologists and counselors– for


personality evaluation and therapy
FAQ

Q: What about people who print?

A: People who print have put up a barrier


to keep the world from getting to know
them.
* They do not easily express their
innermost feelings.
People who print…

• Take longer to experience intimacy.


• Tend to have a strong external protective
mental shell that is often seen as
confidence.
• Mostly, men prefer to write in PRINT
FAQ
Q: Why does my handwriting change all
the time?

A: Certain strokes represent emotions and


moods.
• As your feelings and moods change from
minute to minute, those corresponding
particular strokes will change.
• However, the basic character-defining
traits will remain the same.
The BEGINNING

* Edgar Allan Poe – a great


American Poet, employed the term

Autographery
Brief Background

*2nd century
- China (Calligraphers)
*99 A.D.
- Rome (Suetonius Tranquilius)
Brief Background

• 1662 – Camillo Baldi


• First book on the subject was
written.
• 1871 – Abbe Jean Hippolyte
Michon
• Published two more books and
coined the term
“GRAPHOLOGY”
Brief Background

1979 – most graphology books


were placed in psychological
selection categories in the
Dewey Decimal Classification
at the Library of Congress, USA
Brief Background

1989 – the US Dept. of labor


changed category of
Graphology from
Entertainment to
Miscellaneous
professional
TOOLS NEEDED IN
GRAPHOLOGY

Pen
Ruler
Paper (8”x11”)
Magnifying galss
Protractor
HOW TO PREPARE A
HANDWRITING SPECIMEN

Use the prescribed tools


Take note:
 sex of the writer
handedness
frequency of writing
number of signatures used
mood of the writer
Preparing a Specimen

Content should be not less than


3 paragraphs
Put the signature (normally
used) below
At the back of the sheet or in
another sheet, write other
signatures used
Topic Outline
 Zones
 Slants
 Spaces
 Margins
 Garlands
 Loops
 Individual Letters
Zones

Upper Zone

Middle Zone

Lower Zone
Normal balance between the
Zones

•Flexible and adaptable


• Can Handle thoughts and feelings well
• Has no hesitancy to accomplish any
given task
•Well-balanced physical drives.
•Has the ability to control his impulse.
Upper Zones
Upper Zones
 Correlates with the head
 It represents your ideas, dreams,
and thinking processes.
 What goes on in your head?
◦ You THINK
◦ You FANTASIZE
◦ You HOPE
◦ You IMAGINE
Overly EXTENDED Upper Zone
Very small Upper Zone

 Lacks creativity and imagination


 His importance is placed instead upon
practical considerations
 Good Script – self-reliant, realistic and
flexible
 Poor Script – greed, materialism and
sensuality
Middle Zones
Middle Zones
 Correlates with middle part of the
body.
 It represents your social &
practical needs.
 About living in the here and now.
 How you communicate with
others in your day-to-day
relationships
STRONGLY Developed Middle
Zone
STRONGLY Developed Middle
Zone
 Overly concerned for
himself and his own daily
activities.
 Tends to make great issues
on trivial things.
 Confinement in a self-
centered world.
MZ is DWARFED by UZ and
LZ
MZ is DWARFED by UZ and
LZ
 Underrate himself and suffer from
inferiority feelings.
 Finds little joy in daily life and
prefers not to cope with its
problems.
 With a good form quality, such a
writer is usually creative (If the MZ is
very small, but both of the other
zones are extended and the baseline
is firm but flexible).
Lower Zones
Lower Zones
 Correlateswith lower part of the body.
 What goes on with your lower body?
◦ You WALK
◦ You RUN
◦ You DANCE
◦ You MAKE LOVE
 Itrepresents your physical, material,
sexual needs, urges and appetites.
Dominant Lower Zone
Dominant Lower Zone
 Dominated by powerful
unconscious forces relating to
survival needs, materialism and
reproductive imperatives.

 Restless and needs constant


variety and change (much of his
time is spent trying to satisfy his
enormous appetites for money, sex
and variety.
Retraced LZ
Retraced LZ
 Repression of early
childhood traumas and
sexual feelings.

 Blocking so much
responsiveness that close
relationships with the writer
are so difficult.
Things to ponder…
 In
school, it is recommended
that teachers practice their
students to write a balance in
the three zones to avoid
possible production of
individuals who are
braggarts, immature, greedy
and have little control over
temptations.
Things to ponder…
 Guidance Counselors who
noticed a student for having an
imbalanced writing in the three
zones, and confirmed significant
concerns in the latter’s behavior
might take into consideration to
make use of grapho-therapy
together with their preferred
counseling philosophy.
Things to ponder…
 Ina company, HR experts may
take into consideration to clearly
check and evaluate the balance
in the three zones, and together
with the other personality tests,
HR experts may be able to hire
competent employees
depending on the company’s
needs.
Slants
Graphology Indicators

irregular

extreme
Slants
 Refers to the directions of the
letter slope
 Generally indicates the degree of
emotional responsiveness of a
person towards his environment.
 Also shows Personality Types
(Introversion, Extraversion and
Ambiversion)
Slants
 any stroke ending to the right side
of the page symbolizes a movement
toward other people or the future.
 Any stroke ending to the left
symbolizes a tendency to be
withdrawn or to move into the past.
Right Slanted
Right Slanted
 Normal handwriting is considered to
be slightly right-slanted which
indicates a person’s being normally
sensitive and emotionally healthy, but
with moderate responses.

 Themore right-slanted the


handwriting becomes, the more
emotionally responsive a person
becomes.
Left Slanted
Left Slanted
–slant indicates how
 Left
emotionally withdrawn a person
tends to become.

 Themore left-slanted the


handwriting becomes, the more
emotionally withdrawn a person
becomes.
Vertical Slanted
Vertical Slanted
 Head over heart emotional
attitude.
 Open to experiences but
cautious and controlled.
 Can easily regain emotional
control once lost.
 Attractive and a Leadership
Potential
Varying
Varying
 Unsettled and inconsistent
 Moody
 Emotional nature is erratic, you
never know how he will react
 Nervous
 Undisciplined
 Excitable
 Lacking in judgment or common
sense.
Things to ponder
 Inschool, teachers may
check their students’ writing
slants, and try to observe
the effect of these on the
students’ behavior,
specifically on social
orientation and emotional
responsiveness.
Things to ponder
 If
the teacher notices a student
to be extremely right or left
slanted, he may assist the
latter to eventually change his
writing into vertical slant or
slightly slanted to the right to
prevent the production of
individuals who are extremely
reactive and/or withdrawn.
Things to ponder
 In a company, if graphology is
used in hiring employees, it is
always practical to consider the
job description of the
prospective employees.
 If the company needs someone
who is sociable, sympathetic
and compassionate, the HR
expert might want to hire a
slightly right-slanted writer.
Things to ponder
 Ifthe company needs someone
who has a head over heart
emotional attitude, and is open
to experiences but cautious and
controlled, then the HR expert
might want to hire a vertical-
slanted writer.
Things to ponder
 However, if the company needs
someone who still manages to
be charming in social situations
while remaining emotionally
aloof, then the HR expert might
want to hire a slightly left-
slanted writer.
Margin

Narrow left margin Widening right margin


Spacing

 Spacing between the Lines


 Spacing between the Words
 Spacing between the Letters
Spacing between the LINES
Spacing between the LINES
 Kurdsen (1971) uttered that
spacing between the lines is
recognized as the picture of
the Writer’s MIND dependent
upon his temporary state.
Spacing between the LINES
 Amend & Ruiz (1980) stressed
that spacing between lines
represents how much one wishes
to interact with his environment.
 Lowe (2007) emphasized that it is
an indication of self-control and
how one wants to be clearly
understood when communicating
with other people.
Average Line Spacing
Average Line Spacing
Able to think clearly and
logically.
Indicates harmonious
and flexible relationship
with other people.
Narrow Line Spacing
Narrow Line Spacing
 Impulsiveness (rushing ahead too
quickly without thinking ahead).
 Genuinely conscious of the need to
use his resources very carefully.
 As the line spacing becomes
narrower, the more the writer
becomes impulsive, stingy, and
lacking of ability for abstract
thinking and objectivity.
Wide Line Spacing
Wide Line Spacing
 Moderately wide line spacing
indicates order and system, analytical
mind, capacity for clear presentation
of complicated data, and good
manners.
 However, the wider the line spacing
becomes, the more the tendency an
individual becomes Pedant (inflexible
and/or rigid), aloof, afraid of making
logical mistakes, incoherent and
indecisive.
Spacing between WORDS
 Amend & Ruiz (1980) stressed
that spaces between words
indicate one’s desire to be
perceived in terms of mingling
with other people.
Small Even Spaces
Small Even Spaces

 Active
 Reasonable
 Self-confident with good
balance and the capacity to be
a good homemaker.
 Indicates extroversion
Wide Even Spaces
Wide Even Spaces
 Interestin literature
 Fond of music and poetry
 Indicates introversion with
deep feeling.
 Firmly-rooted convictions
 Cautious
 Sometimes indecisive
Spacing between LETTERS
 Amend & Ruiz (1980) stressed
that spaces between letters
indicate one’s personal desire
in terms of mingling with other
people.
 Sheila Lowe (2007) uttered
that spaces between letters
indicate the freedom the writer
allows himself internally.
Average Spaces

 Well-balanced relationship
with other people.
 Flexibility in social
gatherings.
 Ability to maintain close
Crowded close to each other

 Cautious
 Introverted
 Sometimes conscious
and anxious
Expansive letters

 Outgoing
 Extroverted
 Loves to have fun
 Sociable
Things to ponder
 Inschool, it is recommended
that teachers check their
students’ writing spaces
(line, words and letters).
Helping their students
maintain average spaces
may assist them to achieve
more peaceful classroom
environment.
Things to ponder
 Ina company, its is
recommended that HR experts
check their applicants’ spaces. If
they notice the inconsistencies
in the writers’ spaces, they may
create questions before the final
interview about the
consistencies between his
values, thinking and behavior.
THANK YOU
VERY MUCH

cbaclit@yahoo.com
* HELPING traits
* NOT HELPING traits
* BOTH Helping and Not Helping
traits
Interactive Traits Directory
Researches in Graphology
 APA Guidelines For Educational and
Psychological Testing
American Psychological Association
APA: 1974.

 Barrow, N K and Scott, R H


Validation of a personnel Selection
System to meet EEOC Guidelines.
Journal Of Handwriting Psychology
1984, 1 (1), 15 - 17
Researches in Graphology
 Sassoon, R. - Children's Handwriting As
An Indicator of Stress;
International Journal of Psychology;
V0027 N3-4, p 440, Jun-Aug 1992.

Schmitt, J, Neal, J & Klimoski, R:
Research Method's in Human Resources
Management.
South Western Publications, Cincinnati,
OH: 1991.
References
 Amend, K. & Ruiz, M. (1980)
 Baggett, B. (2004)
 Baggett, B. (2007)
 Bradley, N. (2005)
 Dresbold, M. (2006)
 Kurdsen, N. (1971)
 Lowe, S. (2007)
 Handwriting University International (HUI)
 Handwriting Analyst International (HAI)
 Ocampa Handwriting Analysis (OHA)
References
 http://handwritinguniversity.com/newsl
etters/122104.html
 http://www.annakoren.com/handwritin
g-analysis-of-serial-killers.html
 http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_nxUb2kYKS
vI/RwRH4y_pzbI/AAAAAAAAAoQ/tvG
y5ByUMYI/s400/Joseph+Estrada+sig
nature+only.jpg