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1/11/2018 Beam Calculator Online (Calculate the reactions, Draws Bending Moment, Shear Force, Axial Force)

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RA q1= 4886.5 RB
HB
A B

0.84 (m) 0.79 (m) 0.84 (m)

Select units

Units of measurement: Metre(m)  

Units of force:
Newton(N)  

Setting the length of beam

Length of beam L,(m): 2.47

Setting the support of beam

at the point B

at the point A

Setting the loads of beam

q1 = -4886.5 (N/m)

Setting the bending diagrams of beam

Calculate the reactions at the supports of a beam


Bending moment diagram (BMD) Shear force diagram (SFD) Axial force diagram
Moment is positive, when tension at the bottom of the beam

SOLVE

RA q1= 4886.5 RB
HB
A B

0.84 (m) 0.79 (m) 0.84 (m)


1 sec. (X1)
2 sec. (X2)
3 sec. (X3)

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1/11/2018 Beam Calculator Online (Calculate the reactions, Draws Bending Moment, Shear Force, Axial Force)

Nx 0

4104.66

1930.17

Qy 0 0

-1930.17

-1723.96
-1342.75

Mx 0

Calculate the reactions at the supports of a beam

1. A beam is in equilibrium when it is stationary relative to an inertial reference frame. The following conditions are satisfied when a beam, acted upon by a system of forces and moments,
is in equilibrium:
ΣFx = 0: HB = 0
ΣMA = 0: The sum of the moments about a point A is zero:
- q1*2.47*(-0.84 + 2.47/2) + RB*0.79 = 0
ΣMB = 0: The sum of the moments about a point B is zero:
q1*2.47*(1.63 - 2.47/2) - RA*0.79 = 0
2. Solve this system of equations:
HB = 0 (N)
Calculate reaction of pin support about point B:
RB = ( q1*2.47*(-0.84 + 2.47/2)) / 0.79 = ( 4886.5*2.47*(-0.84 + 2.47/2)) / 0.79 = 6034.83 (N)
Calculate reaction of roller support about point A:
RA = ( q1*2.47*(1.63 - 2.47/2)) / 0.79 = ( 4886.5*2.47*(1.63 - 2.47/2)) / 0.79 = 6034.83 (N)
3. The sum of the forces is zero: ΣFy = 0: - q1*2.47 + RA + RB = - 4886.5*2.47 + 6034.83 + 6034.83 = 0

Draw diagrams for the beam


First span of the beam: 0 ≤ x1 < 0.84

Determine the equations for the axial force (N):


N(x1) = 0
N1(0) = 0 (N)
N1(0.84) = 0 (N)
Determine the equations for the shear force (Q):
Q(x1) = - q1*(x1 - 0)
Q1(0) = - 4886.50*(0 - 0) = 0 (N)
Determine the equations for the bending moment (M):
M(x1) = - q1*(x1)2/2
M1(0) = - 4886.50*(0 - 0)2/2 = 0 (N*m)

Second span of the beam: 0.84 ≤ x2 < 1.63

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1/11/2018 Beam Calculator Online (Calculate the reactions, Draws Bending Moment, Shear Force, Axial Force)

Determine the equations for the axial force (N):


N(x2) = 0
N2(0.84) = 0 (N)
N2(1.63) = 0 (N)
Determine the equations for the shear force (Q):
Q(x2) = - q1*(x2 - 0) + RA
Q2(0.84) = - 4886.50*(0.84 - 0) + 6034.83 = 1930.17 (N)
Q2(1.63) = - 4886.50*(1.63 - 0) + 6034.83 = -1930.17 (N)

The value of Q on this span that crosses the horizontal axis. Intersection point:
x = 0.40
Determine the equations for the bending moment (M):
M(x2) = - q1*(x2)2/2 + RA*(x2 - 0.84)
M2(0.84) = - 4886.50*(0.84 - 0)2/2 + 6034.83*(0.84 - 0.84) = -1723.96 (N*m)
M2(1.63) = - 4886.50*(1.63 - 0)2/2 + 6034.83*(1.63 - 0.84) = -1723.96 (N*m)

Local extremum at the point x = 0.40:


M2(1.24) = - 4886.50*(1.24 - 0)2/2 + 6034.83*(1.24 - 0.84) = -1342.75 (N*m)

Third span of the beam: 1.63 ≤ x3 < 2.47

Determine the equations for the axial force (N):


N(x3) = HB
N3(1.63) = 0 = 0 (N)
N3(2.47) = 0 = 0 (N)
Determine the equations for the shear force (Q):
Q(x3) = - q1*(x3 - 0) + RA + RB
Q3(1.63) = - 4886.50*(1.63 - 0) + 6034.83 + 6034.83 = 4104.66 (N)
Q3(2.47) = - 4886.50*(2.47 - 0) + 6034.83 + 6034.83 = 0 (N)
Determine the equations for the bending moment (M):
M(x3) = - q1*(x3)2/2 + RA*(x3 - 0.84) + RB*(x3 - 1.63)
M3(1.63) = - 4886.50*(1.63 - 0)2/2 + 6034.83*(1.63 - 0.84) + 6034.83*(1.63 - 1.63) = -1723.96 (N*m)
M3(2.47) = - 4886.50*(2.47 - 0)2/2 + 6034.83*(2.47 - 0.84) + 6034.83*(2.47 - 1.63) = 0 (N*m)

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