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Chapter

Chapter
2 Forces and Motion

## 1 Introduction to Physics Objective Questions

1. A 2. A 3. C 4. B 5. C
Objective Questions 6. B 7. C 8. A 9. B 10. B
1. C 2. B 3. B 4. D 5. D
6. A 7. A 8. C Subjective Questions

## Subjective Questions 1. (a) 0 m

200
1600 (b) (i) Average speed = –––– = 3.3 m s–1
1. (a) (i) 1600 mm = ––––– m = 1.6 m 60
1000 0
(ii) 0.02 m = 2 × 10–2 m (ii) Average velocity = ––– = 0 m s–1
60
600 (c) (i) 34 m
(iii) 600 cm = –––– m = 6 m 34
100 (ii) ––– = 3.4 m s–1
(b) (i) Height of a boy 10
750
(ii) Thickness of a book 2. (a) (i) Mass, m = –––– = 75 kg
10
(iii) Height of a building (ii) Weight on Mars = 75 × 4 = 300 N
2. (a) Time 6 am 7 am 8 am 9 am 10 am 11 am 12 noon (b) (i) – On the surface of the Moon, there is no air/vacuum.
Temperature / oC 25.5 26.5 27.0 28.0 29.0 29.5 31.5 – Objects of different masses fall at the same
acceleration.
(b) Temperature (ii) – On the surface of the Earth, there is air.
(25.5 + 26.5 + 27.0 + 28.0 + 29.0 + 29.5 + 31.5) – Paper has a bigger surface area and experiences
(c) –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
7 bigger air resistance.
= 28.1 oC
3. (a) 12 – 10 = 2 cm
Written Practical (b) 0.5 cm, 1.0 cm, 1.5 cm, 2.0 cm, 2.5 cm
25
1. (a) θ0 = 28.4 oC (c) k = Gradient = ––– = 10 N cm–1
2.5
1
(b) θ increases as –– increases. Written Practical
m
(c) (i) 19.4 1. (a) (i) Displacement, x
(ii) 1856 J kg–1 o C–1 (ii) Pulling force, F
1 (iii) Elastic constant of the elastic band
(d) From the graph, when θ is 34oC, –– = 0.295 kg–1.
m
θ / °C (b) x / cm 0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10.0
40
F/N 0 6.0 12.0 18.0 24.0 30.0

38
(c)
F/N

36 30.0

6.4
34 24.0

21.0
32 18.0

0.33
30 12.0

28 6.0

1
0 —/ 1 x / cm
0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 m 0
2.0 4.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 10.0
1 (d) F is directly proportional to x.
Therefore, m = ––––– = 3.40 kg.
0.295 (e) 21.0 N
(e) Insulate the solid to reduce heat loss to the surrounding.

## TC – 31 © Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd.

Chapter (ii) The relationship from the graph is
3 Forces and Pressure P = ρgh = kh → ρg = k
k 10,000
ρ = –– = –––––
g 10
Objective Questions = 1000 kg m–3
1. E 2. C 3. D 4. B 5. D
Chapter
6. A 7. D 8. A 9. B 10. B
4 Heat
Subjective Questions

1. (a) The atmospheric pressure outside the cup is much higher Objective Questions
than the air pressure in the cup. This results in a net force
1. D 2. B 3. C 4. B 5. C
acting on the cup against the glass and causes it to hold
6. B 7. C 8. C 9. D 10. C
on to the glass.
(b) To prevent air from the surrounding from entering the cup. Subjective Questions
(c) Allow air to flow back into the suction cup. When the
1. (a) Mercury does not stick to the glass.
pressure of the air inside the cup is the same as the
(b) (i) P. Less expansion for the same amount of temperature
outside atmospheric pressure, there will be no net force
increase.
acting on the cup against the glass.
(ii) P. Less mercury and hence it heats up faster.
(d) Increase the diameter of the cup. This will increase the
surface area of the glass inside the cup and results in a 2. (a) Solid
bigger net force. (b) The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of 1
F 300 kg of the substance by 1 oC.
2. (a) (i) Pressure = –– = –––– = 20 N cm–2 (c) Increase in temperature, θ = –198 – (– 200) = 2 oC
A 15
(ii) 20 N cm –2
Quantity of heat = mcθ = 50 x 10–3 × 1400 × 2 = 140 J
(iii) Force = P × A = 20 × 45 = 900 N
3. (a) (i) Remains the same.
(b) Pascal’s principle
(ii) The average speed depends on its temperature, but
3. (a) (i) Liquid P has a higher density. the temperature did not change.
(ii) The buoyant force acting on the test tube by both the (b) P1V1 = P2V2
liquids are the same. This force is the same as the
(P1V1) (100 × 20)
weight of the liquid displaced by the test tube. Smaller P2 = ––––– = ––––––––– = 166.7 kPa
volume of liquid P displaced by the test tube indicates V2 12
higher density. (c) Boyle’s law
(b) Archimedes’ principle
2.5 Written Practical
(c) ( ––– ) × 1000 = 625 kg m–3
4.0 1. (a) (i) 20°C
Written Practical (ii) 74 oC

## 1. (a) (i) P is directly proportional to h. θ / °C

P / N m–2 80

5000
60

4000 20

40
5
3000
2600 3000 20

2000
1600 t / minute
0
5 10 15 20 25 30
1000
(iii) 60 oC
0.3
20
0 h/m = –––
0.1 0.16 0.2 0.26 0.3 0.4 0.5 5
= 4 oC per minute
(ii) From graph, P = 2600 N m–2
(ii) Total increase in temperature = 20 oC
(iii) From graph, h = 0.16 m
Total amount of heat = 300 × 5 × 60 = 90,000 J
3000
(b) (i) Gradient = –––– 90,000
0.3 Amount of heat per oC of increase = –––––
20
= 10,000 N m-3 = 4500 J oC–1

## © Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd. TC – 32

Chapter sin 30°
3. (a) –––––– = 1.5
5 Light

sin x
sin x = 0.3333
x = 19.5o
Objective Questions (b) The incident angle of the ray is greater than the critical
angle of the glass rod. The ray undergoes total internal
1. C 2. C 3. D 4. A 5. D
reflection.
6. B 7. A 8. A 9. B 10. C
Written Practical
Subjective Questions
1. (a) (i) The linear magnification increases.
1. (a) (i)
(ii) v = 26 cm
Concave mirror
(b) m = 1.5, v = 26
v v 26
m = –– , u = –– = ––– = 17.3 cm
u m 1.5

Image v / cm
C O F 35

30

25
15.5
20
(ii)
Convex mirror 15
1.5
10

0 m
O Image F C 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5

## (c) (i) Value of v at the axis = 10.0 cm

15.5
1.5
(b) (i) Inverted, real and magnified = 10.3
(10.0 + 10.3)
(ii) Upright, virtual and diminished (iii) Focal length = ––––––––––
2
2. (a) = 10.2 cm
(d) The light source and centre of the lens are aligned so that
the line joining them and the image is horizontal.

Coin

(b)

Image
of coin

Coin