Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 22     1. A 54 kg crate rests on the 27 kg pickup tailgate. Calculate the tension T

in each of the two restraining cables, one of which is shown. The centers of gravity are at G 1 and G 2 . The crate is located midway between the two cables. 2. As an airplane’s brakes are applied, the nose wheel exerts two forces on the end of the landing gear as shown. Determine the

horizontal and vertical components of reaction at the pin C and the

force in strut AB. Solution: Two-force member : link AB FBD of member CA
1tan20
C
y
0.4tan20
C
C x
o
F AB
50
+
A
M
 0
C
2 1

6 1 tan 20
F
sin 50 0 . 4
F
cos 50 0 . 4 tan 20
AB
AB
F
 0 . 8637
kN
20
o
AB
F
0
2 kN
x
0 . 8637 sin 50
 
2
C
0
C
2 . 66
kN
x
x
F
0
6 kN
y
0 . 8637 cos 50
 
6
C
0
C
6 . 56
kN
y
y
0.6 m
0.4 m

0 3. The 500-kg uniform beam is subjected to the three external loads shown. Compute the reactions at the support point O. The x-y plane is vertical.

FBD of beam

W beam =500(9.81) N O
y
15 kN . m
A
O x
G +

M

1.4 kN B
2.4 m 30 o

3 kN

M O

1400

0

1 . 2 500 9 . 81 2 . 4 15000 3000 cos 30 4 . 8

M

0

F

x

F

y

0

0

O

x

O

3000 sin 30 0

N

y

1400 500 9 . 81 3000 cos 30 0

(ccw) 4. The pin A, which connects the 200-kg steel beam with center of gravity at G to the vertical column, is welded both to the beam and to the column. To test the weld, the 80-kg man loads the beam by exerting a 300 N force on the rope which passes through a hole in the beam as shown. Calculate the torque (couple) M supported by the pin. FBD of beam

W man =80(9.81) N

A y A x

M

G

300 N W beam =200(9.81) N

300 N +
M A

0

80

M

9 . 81 1 . 8

4937

. 04

200 9 . 81 1 . 2

N m

300 1 . 8

300 2 . 1

M

0

5. A large symmetrical drum for drying sand is operated by the geared motor

drive shown. If the mass of the sand is 750 kg and an average gear-tooth force of

2.6 kN is supplied by the motor pinion A to the drum gear normal to the

contacting surfaces at B, calculate the average offset of the center of mass G of the sand from the vertical centerline. Neglect all friction in the supporting rollers.

x   FBD of Drum
Tangent to circle
750 9.81 N
x
2.6 kN
20 o
G
+
 0
M O
N 1
N
3
N
4
2.6
10 cos 20 0.6
750 9.81
x
0
2
N 3

x

0.1992

m

199.2

mm

6. It is desired that a person be able to begin closing the van hatch from the open position shown with a 40-N vertical force P. As a design exercise, determine the necessary force in each of the two hydraulic struts AB. The center of gravity of the 40-kg door is 37.5 mm directly below point A. Treat the problem as two- dimensional. 7. The small crane is mounted on one side of the bed of a pickup truck. For the position q=40 o , determine magnitude of the force supported by the pin at O and the oil pressure p against the 50-mm diameter piston of the hydraulic cylinder BC. Two-force member: Hydraulic cylinder BC

FBD of Boom AO O y
W
C
q
O
F BC
a
 360  340 sin 40  110 cos 40 tan a  340 cos 40  110 sin 40 a  56 . 2 o +  M O  0 120  F BC 9 .   81 785  5065 . 81 340 N  cos 40  F BC cos  F x  0 O x  5065 . 81 cos a  0 O x  2818 . 09 N  F y  0 O y  120  9 . 81  5065 . 81 sin a  0 O y  3032 . 41 N O y p  F BC  5065 .  50 2 81 4  2 . 58 N m m 2 2
d
4 360

a O
x

360 mm

MPa

B

0

8. The toggle switch consists of a cocking lever that is pinned to a fixed frame at A and held in place by the spring which has an unstretched length of 200 mm. The cocking lever

rests against a smooth peg at B. Determine the magnitude of the support force at A and

the normal force on the peg at B when the lever is in the position shown. 300 mm
30 o
100 mm
300 mm
k=50 N/m D
2
2
2
CD
300
400
2 300 400
cos
150
CD
CD
300
400
o
o
30
o
12 81
.
,
a
17 19
.
sin
150
sin
sin
a
A
l
676 64 200 476 64
.
k l 50 0 47664 28 832
. mm
F
.
.
N
spring
a
+
M
 0
FBD of lever
A
C
F
sin
400
F
100
0
spring
B
F
0
x
A
F
cos
30
F
sin
30
0
x
B
spring
F spring
B
F
0
y
A y
30
o
A
F
sin
30
F
cos
30
0
y
B
spring
F
A
B
A
x
2
2
A
A
A
28 13
.
N
x
y
mm300

676 . 4 mm D
300 mm
30 o
100 mm 300 mm

k=50 N/m

F

B

21 136

.

N

A

x

A

y

  25 347 . N  12 199 . N

9. The bracket and pulley assembly has a mass of 40 kg with combined center of gravity at G. Calculate the magnitude of the force supported by the pin at C and

roller at A when a tension of 400 N is applied in the vertical plane of the cable. C
D
375 mm
100 mm
G
75 mm
75 mm
B
A
450 mm
30 o
400 N F
y
C 
 0
40 9 81 400
.
cos
30 0
 
C
738 81
.
N
y
y
M
B  0
FBD of bracket
40 9 81 350
.

C
C
 600
N
x
y
C
C
x
F
 0
x
C
A
400
x
x
W=mg=40(9.81) N
D
100 mm
G
75 mm
75 mm
B
A
30
o
A
x
450 mm
30
o
400 N
mm375 400 75
C
y
C x
sin
30 0

450

C

x

375

A

x

800

0

N

10. Pulley A delivers a steady torque of 100 N . m to a pump through its shaft at C. The tension in the lower side of the belt is 600 N. The driving motor B has a mass of 100 kg and rotates clockwise. As a design consideration, determine the magnitude of the force on the supporting pin at O. FBD of pulley (A)

FBD of motor (B) 30
o
C y
T
C x
100 N . m
600 N
 M C
 0
600 0 225
.
T
0 225
.
100
T  155 6
.
N M
D  0
981 
0 125
.
155 6
.
O
 906 08
.
N
y
 F
 0
x
155 .
6
cos
30
600
O
 734 75
.
N
x

cos

O

30 0 2

.

x

0

mg=100 . 9.81=981 N F D

y

sin

30 0 125

.

0 075

.

sin

30

600 0 125

.

T=155.6 N 600 N O x O

0 075

.

30

155 6

.

y

0 25

.

cos

O 2
2
O
O
x
y

R

o

1166 55

.

N

0 70 cm
20 cm
60 cm
30 cm

11. The winch consists of a drum of radius 30 cm, which is pin connected at its center C. At its outer rim is a ratchet gear having a mean radius of 60 cm. The pawl AB serves as a two force member (short link) and holds the drum

from rotating. If the suspended

load is 500 N, determine the horizontal and vertical components

reaction at the pin C.

Two-force member : Pawl AB

FBD of winch F AB
a
C y
C x
C
500 N B
20 cm
a

70 cm

A

70 cm

30 cm

20 cm

60 cm +
M
 0
C
F
AB
cos
a 
60
F
 260
N
AB
 0
 F
X

500 30

0

F

AB

cos

a

F

y

F

AB

0

sin

a

 C x  0  C x  250 N Correct sense  500  C y  0  C y  571. 43

N

12. Determine the support reactions of roller A and the smooth collar B on the rod. The collar is fixed to the rod AB, but is allowed to slide along rod CD.  M B

FBD of rod AB  45 o

N B

A x Equations of equilibrium;
 0
 F
y
N
sin 45
900
0
B
N
 1272 79
.
N
B
 0
 F
x
1272 79
.
cos
45
A
0
x
A
 900
N
x
M
 0
B
900 1

900 2
cos
45
M
M
B
227 N
m

B

0

13. Plate AB contains a smooth parabolic slot. Fixed pins B and C are located at the positions shown in the figure. The equation of the parabolic

slot is given as y = x 2 /160 , where x and y are in mm. If it is known that the force input P = 4 N, determine the forces applied to the plate by the pins B

and C and also the force output Q. Q
y
C
46
mm
A
B
20
mm
140 mm
60 mm
40 mm

P 120 mm

x Q
y
C
46
mm
C
a a
B
20
mm
B y
140 mm
60 mm
40 mm

y

C sin

a

C cos

a

 Q sin   0  Q cos  

0

P=4 kN

A

120 mm Tangent to the parabolic slot

x

2

60

2

160

y

160

dy

dx

 tan   

y

y

22 5

. 2 x
160

x

tan

a

x 60

 120   46  20  140  60  40   12 68 . o  22 5 .   0
  F x  0  P . 0 6 C  0 219 . Q  4  F y  0  B B y  . 0 8 C  0 975 . Q  0  C M  0   60 B y  7 13 . Q  90 C  4 494 . N Q  .

22 5

.

60

P

B

y

Q sin

46

40

tan

5 95

N

By

2 207

.

N

mm

3

4