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PracticeExam2

1. A plastic ball in a liquid is acted upon by its weight and by a buoyant force. The weight of the ball is 2.5
N. The buoyant force has a magnitude of 4.4 N and acts vertically upward. At a given instant, the ball is
released from rest. The acceleration of the ball at that instant, including direction, is closest to:

Zero
3.7 m/s2, downward
7.4 m/s2, upward
7.4 m/s2, downward
3.7 m/s2, upward

2. Two weights are connected by a massless wire and pulled upward with a
constant speed of 1.50 m/s by a vertical pull P. The tension in the wire is T.
For this situation:

P = T + 25 N
T>P
P + T = 125 N
P = T + 100 N
T=P

In Situation 4.1:

ANSWER:
3. A block is on a frictionless table, on earth. The block accelerates at 3.3 + 252Nwhen a 10 N horizontal
P = Tm/s

force is applied to it. The block and table are set up on the moon. The acceleration due to gravity at the
T > P

surface of the moon is 1.62 m/s2. A horizontal force, equal in magnitudePto + Tthe
= 125weight
N of the block on
P = T + 100 N
earth, is applied to the block when it is on the moon. The acceleration imparted to the block is closest to:
T=P

4 m/s2
2 m/s2
6 m/s2 Multiple Choice Question - 4.13
8 m/s2 Description: (a) A block is on a frictionless table, on earth. The block accelerates at 3.3 m/s2 when
10 m/s2 N horizontal force is applied to it. The block and table are set up on the moon. The acceleration due
gravity at the surface of the moon is 1.62...

Part A

is on a frictionless table, on earth. The block accelerates at 3.3 m/s2 when a 10 N horizonta
4. An astronaut who weighs 725 N on earth goes to planet AisX,block
which has no atmosphere. She observes
applied to it. The block and table are set up on the moon. The acceleration due to gravity at the s
that when she drops a 2.35-kg stone from rest on planet X, ofit the
takes
moon it 1.12
is 1.62 m/ss2 . to fall a distance
A horizontal force, equal inof 3.82 m.
magnitude to the weight of the block on earth,
applied to the block when it is on the moon. The acceleration imparted to the block is closest to:
The astronautʼs weight on planet X is closest to:
ANSWER:
4 m/s 2
505 N
1180 N
1170 N
451 N
4420 N
the normal and friction forces, denoted by n and f. A force diagram, showing the four forces th
box, is shown in Fig. 4.4. The magnitude of f is 210 N. The magnitude of the external force F

ANSWER:
368 N
290 N
329 N
5. A box with weight w = 770 N is on a rough surface, inclined 406atNan
angle of 37 degrees. The box is kept from sliding down (in equilibrium)
252 N
by
means of an external force F. The other forces acting on the box are the
normal and friction forces, denoted by n and f. A force diagram, showing
the four forces that act on the box, is shown in Fig. 4.4. The magnitude of
f is 210 N. The magnitude of the external force F is closest to:
Multiple Choice Question - 4.31
368 N Description: (a) Figure 4.7 A box with weight 32 N is on a rough horizontal surface. An extern
290 N applied horizontally to the box. A normal force and a friction force are also present, denoted by
329 N force diagram,
constant velocity. The boxshowing the four
decelerates whenforces...
force F is removed. The magnitude of the acceleration of the
406 N box is closest to:
Part A
252 N
ANSWER: A box with weight w = 770 N is on a rough surface, inclined at an angle of 37 degrees. The box
Figure 4.7
0.67 m/s 2
from sliding down (in equilibrium) by means of an external force F. The other forces acting on th
6. A box with weight 32 N is on a rough horizontal surface.
the m/s
2.0 2 An
normal and friction forces, denoted by n and f. A force diagram, showing the four forces tha
external force F is applied horizontally to the box. A normal force
box, is shown and4.4. The magnitude of f is 210 N. The magnitude of the external force F is
in Fig.
1.3 m/s 2
a friction force are also present, denoted by n and f. AANSWER:
force diagram,
the2 figure. 368 N
showing the four forces that act on the box, is shown2.6inm/s
zero
When force F equals 8.6 N, the box is in motion at constant 290 N
velocity.
The box decelerates when force F is removed. The magnitude of the 329 N
acceleration of the box is closest to: 406 N
252 N
0.67 m/s2 Short Answer Question - 4.5
2.0 m/s2
1.3 m/s2 Description: (a) A 20.0-N box rests on a 50.0-N box on a perfectly smooth horizontal floor. When a
A box with
horizontal 15.0-N weight
pull to 32 N
the right is is on a rough
exerted on thehorizontal
lower boxsurface. An figure),
(see in the externalboth
force F is move
boxes applied horizo
2.6 m/s2 box.the
together. Find A normal
magnitude force and
and a friction
direction of the Multiple
force
netare alsoChoice
present,
external ... Question
denoted by- n4.31
and f. A force diagram,
zero four forces that act on the box, is shown in Fig. 4.7. When force F equals 8.6 N, the box is in
Description: (a) Figure 4.7 A box with weight 32 N is on a rough horizontal surface. An externa
Part A applied horizontally to the box. A normal force and a friction force are also present, denoted by n
7. A 20.0-N box rests on a 50.0-N box on a force diagram, showing the four forces...
perfectly smooth horizontal floor. When a Part A
horizontal 15.0-N pull to the right is exerted on
Figure 4.7
the lower box (see in the figure), both boxes
move together. Find the magnitude and direction
of the net external force on the upper box.

Magnitude:
?? N A 20.0-N box rests on a 50.0-N box on a perfectly smooth horizontal floor. When a horizontal 15.0-N pull
Direction: to the right is exerted on the lower box (see in the figure), both boxes move together. Find the magnitude
to the right and direction of the net external force on the upper box.
to the left ANSWER:
N
A box with weight 32 N is on a rough horizontal surface. An external force F is applied horizont
box. A normal force and a friction force are also present, denoted by n and f. A force diagram, s
four forces that act on the box, is shown in Fig. 4.7. When force F equals 8.6 N, the box is in m

Part B

ANSWER:
to the right
to the left

Multiple Choice Question - 5.34


Description: (a) A ball of mass 5.0 kg is suspended by two wires from a horizontal arm, which is attached
Part A

8. A ball of mass 5.0 kg is suspended by two wires from Ashaft,


aballhorizontal
of mass 5.0 kg isarm,
suspendedwhich is from a horizontal arm, which is attached to a vertical
by two wires
as shown in Fig. 5.12. The shaft is in uniform rotation about its axis such that the linear speed of the
attached to a vertical shaft, as shown in the figure. The shaft is 2.6
ball equals inm/s.
uniform
The tensionrotation
in wire 1 is closest to:
0.8 m
about its axis such that the linear speed of the ball equalsANSWER:
2.6 m/s. 21 TheN
tension in
wire A is closest to: 8.5 N 1.0 m
0.6 m A

4.3 N
B
17 N
21 N
13 N
8.5 N
4.3 N
17 N Multiple Choice Question - 5.38
13 N Description: (a) Figure 5.13 In Fig. 5.13, two wooden blocks of 0.30 kg mass each are connected by a
string that passes over a pulley. One block slides on a horizontal table, while the other hangs suspended
by the string, as shown in the sketch. At t = 0, the ...

Part A
Figure 5.13
9. In the figure, two wooden blocks of 0.30 kg mass each are
connected by a string that passes over a pulley. One block
slides on a horizontal table, while the other hangs suspended
by the string, as shown in the sketch. At t = 0, the suspended
0.84
block is 0.80 m over the floor, and the blocks are released
0.95
from rest. After 2.5 s, the suspended block reaches the floor.
0.65
What is the coefficient of kinetic friction between the table and
the sliding block?

0.52
Multiple Choice Question - 5.39
0.35
0.84 Description: (a) Figure 5.14 Two boxes are next to each other on a horizontal frictionless floo
exerts a horizontal
In Fig. 5.13, two wooden100.0-N push
blocks of 0.30 on the
kg mass eachlighter box, as
are connected by ashown in passes
string that Fig. 5.14.
over a As a result, the pu
pulley.
0.95 lighter boxslides
One block exerts
on a on the larger
horizontal boxthe
table, while is...
other hangs suspended by the string, as shown in the
sketch. At t = 0, the suspended block is 0.80 m over the floor, and the blocks are released from rest. After
0.65 2.5 s, the suspended block reaches the floor. What is the coefficient of kinetic friction between the table
Part A
and the sliding block?

ANSWER: Figure 5.14


0.52

10. Two boxes are next to each other on a horizontal 0.35

frictionless floor. A person exerts a horizontal 100.0-N push on


the lighter box, as shown in Fig. 5.14. As a result, the push that
the lighter box exerts on the larger box is closest to:

75.0 N
50.0 N
80.0 N
Two boxes are next to each other on a horizontal frictionless floor. A person exerts a horizont
20.0 N push on the lighter box, as shown in Fig. 5.14. As a result, the push that the lighter box exert
25.0 N larger box is closest to:

ANSWER:
75.0 N
50.0 N
11. A 4.00-kg box sits atop a 10.0-kg box on a
horizontal table. The coefficient of kinetic friction 80.0 N

between the two boxes and between the lower box and 20.0 N
the table is 0.600, while the coefficient of static friction 25.0 N
between these same surfaces is 0.800. A horizontal pull
to the right is exerted on the lower box, as shown in the

Multiple Choice Question - 5.40


A 4.00-kg box sitsDescription:
atop a 10.0-kg(a)
boxFigure
on a horizontal table. Thebox
5.15 A 4.00-kg coefficient of kinetic
sits atop frictionbox
a 10.0-kg between
on a the
horizontal table. The
two boxes and between the lower box and the table is 0.600, while the coefficient of static friction between
kinetic friction between the two boxes and between the lower box and the table is 0.600, while
these same surfaces is 0.800. A horizontal pull to the right is exerted on the lower box, as shown in Fig.
coefficient
5.15, and the boxes of static
move together. The friction between
friction force on thethese
uppersame...
box is closest to:

ANSWER: Part A
19.3 N to the left
figure, and the boxes move together. The friction force on the upper box is closest to:

19.3 N to the left


31.4 N to the right
19.3 N to the right
23.5 N to the right
31.4 N to the left

12. A 1520-N crate is to be held in place on a


ramp that rises at 30.0° above the horizontal (see
in the figure). The massless rope attached to the
A 1520-N crate is to be held in place on a ramp that rises at 30.0° above the horizontal (see in the figure).
crate makes a 22.0° angle above the surface of rope attached to the crate makes a 22.0° angle above the surface of the ramp. The
The massless
the ramp. The coefficients of friction between theof friction between the crate and the surface of the ramp are = 0.450 and = 0.650. The
coefficients
crate and the surface of the ramp are µpulley
k= 0.450
has no appreciable mass or friction. What is the maximum weight needed to hold this crate
stationary on the ramp?
and" µs= 0.650. The pulley has no appreciable
mass or friction. What is the maximum weight
ANSWER:
w
needed to hold this crate stationary on the ramp? N

Weight w:
?? N

Multiple Choice Question - 6.2


A 1520-N
Description: (a) Figure 6.1 Incrate
Fig.is 6.1,
to beaheld in place external
constant on a rampforce
that rises
P = at160
30.0°
N above the horizontal
is applied (see box,
to a 20-kg in the figure).
The massless rope attached to the crate makes a 22.0° angle above the surface of the ramp. The
which is on a rough coefficients
horizontalofsurface. The force pushes the box a distance
friction between the crate and the surface of the ramp are
of 8.0 m, in a time
= 0.450 and
interval of
= 0.650. The
4.0 s, and the speedpulley
changes
has nofrom nu 1 =...
appreciable mass or friction. What is the maximum weight needed to hold this crate
ANSWER:
stationary on the ramp?
Part A -1170 J
13. In the figure, a constant external force P = 160 ANSWER: +1170 J
N Figure 6.1
N is applied to a 20-kg box, which is on a rough -1040 J
horizontal surface. The force pushes the box a +1040 J
distance of 8.0 m, in a time interval of 4.0 s, and +1110 J
the speed changes from" v1 = 0.5 m/s to v2 = 2.6
Multiple Choice Question - 6.2
m/s. The work done by friction is closest to:
Description: (a) Figure 6.1 In Fig. 6.1, a constant external force P = 160 N is applied to a 20-kg box,
which is on a rough horizontal Multiple
surface. The force pushes
Choice the box- a6.3
Question distance of 8.0 m, in a time interval of
-1170 J 4.0 s, and the speed changes from nu 1 =...
In Fig. 6.1, a constant external
Description: force6.2PIn= Fig.
(a) Figure 1606.2,
N is applied
a 700-kg to a
crate is 20-kg box,surface
on a rough whichinclined
is on aat rough horizontal
30 degree(s). A
+1170 J Part external
A
surface. The force pushes
constant the force
box Pa =distance
5600 N isofapplied
8.0 m, in a timeto interval
horizontally the crate.ofThe
4.0force
s, and thethe
pushes speed
crate changes
a
-1040 J from 1 = 0.5 distance
m/s to of 23.0= m
2.6up m/s.
the incline, in a time...
The work done by friction is 6.1
Figure closest to:
+1040 J Part A
+1110 J Figure 6.2

14. In the figure, a 700-kg crate is on a rough surface inclined


at 30 . A constant external force P = 5600 N is applied
horizontally to the crate. The force pushes the crate a In Fig. 6.1, a constant external force P = 160 N is applied to a 20-kg box, which is on a rough horizontal
surface. The force pushes the box a distance of 8.0 m, in a time interval of 4.0 s, and the speed changes
distance of 3.0 m up the incline, in a time interval of 7.3 s,
from 1 = 0.5 m/s to 2 = 2.6 m/s. The work done by friction is closest to:
and the velocity changes from v1 = 1.4 m/s to v2 = 2.5 m/s.
The work done by the weight is closest to:

In Fig. 6.2, a 700-kg crate is on a rough surface inclined at 30 . A constant external force P = 5600 N is
applied horizontally to the crate. The force pushes the crate a distance of 3.0 m up the incline, in a time
interval of 7.3 s, and the velocity changes from 1 = 1.4 m/s to 2 = 2.5 m/s. The work done by the
weight is closest to:
+10,200 J
+3400 J
-3400 J
-10,200 J
Zero

15. A 13.5 kg box slides over a rough patch 1.75 m long on a horizontal floor. Just before entering the
rough patch, the speed of the box was 2.25 m/s, and just after leaving it, the speed of the box was 1.20
m/s. The average power consumed by friction on the rough patch is closest to:...

7.33 W
9.58 W
33.7 W
24.1 W The sled's speed will be 4v and its kinetic energy will be 2k.
It is impossible to know since we are not given the coefficient of kinetic friction.
The sled's speed will be v and its kinetic energy will be 2
16. A 60-kg person drops from rest a distance of 1.20 m to a platform of negligible mass supported by a
stiff spring. The platform drops 6 cm before the person comes to rest. What is the spring constant of the
spring?

5.45 x 104 N/m


3.92 x 105 N/m Multiple Choice Question - 6.22
8.83 x 104 N/m
2.56 x 105 N/m Description: (a) Figure 6.6 In Fig. 6.6, a 0.80-m light rod is loosely pinned to a verti
4.12 x 105 N/m disk is attached to the rod at B. A spring is attached to the rod at B and to a sleeve
sleeve is frictionless, allowing it...
17. A constant horizontal pull acts on a sled on a horizontal frictionless ice pond. The sled starts from rest.
When the pull acts over a distancePart
x, the
A sled acquires a speed v and a kinetic energy k. If the same pull
instead acts over twice this distance:
Figure 6.6
The sled's speed will be 2v and its kinetic energy will be 2k.
The sled's speed will be 2v and its kinetic energy will be k√2.
The sled's speed will be v√2" and its kinetic energy will be k√2.
The sled's speed will be 4v and its kinetic energy will be 2k.
The sled's speed will be v√2 and its kinetic energy will be 2k.

18. In the figure, a 0.80-m light rod is loosely pinned to a vertical shaft
at A. A 2.0-kg disk is attached to the rod at B. A spring is attached to the
rod at B and to a sleeve on the shaft at C. The sleeve is frictionless,
allowing it to move freely up or down, so that the spring is always
horizontal when stretched. The unstretched length of the spring is
0.462 m and the force constant is 180 N/m. The shaft is in rotation and
the spring has a stretched length of 0.508 m. The radial acceleration of

In Fig. 6.6, a 0.80-m light rod is loosely pinned to a vertical shaft at A. A 2.0-kg disk
at B. A spring is attached to the rod at B and to a sleeve on the shaft at C. The slee
allowing it to move freely up or down, so that the spring is always horizontal when s
A certain car traveling 32.0 mph skids to a stop in 35 meters from the point where the brakes were
applied. In approximately what distance would the car stop had it been going 89.6 mph?
the disk is closest to:
ANSWER:
98 m
11.5 m/s2 35 m
12.2 m/s2 164 m
11.9 m/s2 274 m
12.6 m/s2
59 m
11.1 m/s2

19. A certain car traveling 32.0 mph skids to a stop in 35 meters from the point where the brakes were
applied. In approximately what distance would the car stop had it been going 89.6 mph?
Multiple Choice Question - 5.4
98 m Description: (a) Figure 5.2 In Fig. 5.2, a block of mass M hangs in equilibrium. The rope that is fast
35 m to the wall is horizontal and has a tension of 55 N. The rope that is fastened to the ceiling has a ten
63 N, and makes an angle theta ...
164 m
274 m Part A
59 m Figure 5.2

20. In the figure, a block of mass M hangs in equilibrium. The rope


that is fastened to the wall is horizontal and has a tension of 55 N.
The rope that is fastened to the ceiling has a tension of 63 N, and
Multiple Choice Question - 5.6
makes an angle θ with the ceiling. The angle θ is:
Description: (a) Situation 5.1 A series of weights connected by very light cords are given an
acceleration of 4.00 m/s2 by a pull P, as shown in Fig. 5.3. A, B, and C are the tensions in t
41 cords. Figure 5.3 In Situation 5.1, the pull P...
76 Part A
29
Situation 5.1
61 A series of weights connected by very light cords are given an upward acceleration of 4.00 m
45 P, as shown in Fig. 5.3. A, B, and C are the tensions in the connecting cords.
Figure 5.3

In Fig. 5.2, a block of mass M hangs in equilibrium. The rope that is fastened to the wall is horizont
has a tension of 55 N. The rope that is fastened to the ceiling has a tension of 63 N, and makes an
with the ceiling. The angle is:

ANSWER:
41
21. A series of weights connected by very light cords are given an upward
acceleration of 4.00 m/s2 by a pull P, as shown in the figure. A,76B, and C are the
tensions in the connecting cords. The pull P is closest to: 29

61
200 N
50 N 45
290 N
690 N
490 N

In Situation 5.1, the pull P is closest to:

ANSWER:
200 N
50 N
Description: (a) Figure 5.7 A system comprising blocks, a light frictionless pulley, and connecting ropes is
shown. The 9-kg block is on a smooth horizontal table (mu = 0). The surfaces of the 12-kg block are
rough, with mu = 0.30. In Fig. 5.7, ...

Part A
Figure 5.7

22. A system comprising blocks, a light


frictionless pulley, and connecting ropes is
shown. The 9-kg block is on a smooth horizontal
table ("µ = 0). The surfaces of the 12-kg block are
rough, with µ= 0.30. In the figure, the mass M is
set so that it descends at constant velocity when
released. The mass M is closest to:

3.3 kg A system comprising blocks, a light frictionless pulley, and connecting ropes is shown. The 9-kg block is
2.7 kg on a smooth horizontal table ( = 0). The surfaces of the 12-kg block are rough, with = 0.30.
3.6 kg
2.4 kg In Fig. 5.7, the mass M is set so that it descends at constant velocity when released. The mass M is
3.0 kg closest to:

ANSWER:
3.3 kg
2.7 kg
3.6 kg
2.4 kg
3.0 kg

SOLUTIONS

1. 7.4 m/s2, upward


2. P = T + 25 N
3. 10 m/s2
4. 451 N
5. 252 N
6. 2.6 m/s2
7. 4.29 N, to the right
8. 17 N
9. 0.95
10. 80.0 N
11. 19.3 N to the right
12. 1380 N
13. -1040 J
14. -10,200 J
15. 24.1 W
16. 4.12 x 105 N/m
17. The sledʼs speed will be v√2 and the kinetic energy will be 2k
18. 12.2 m/s2
19. 274 m
20. 29°
21. 690 N
22. 3.6 kg