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MODEL 7030

CALIBRATION BATH

USER MANUAL

HART
SCIENTIFIC
©Copyright, 1993-1998

Hart Scientific
799 East Utah Valley Drive
American Fork, Utah 84003
Telephone (801) 763-1600 • Fax (801) 763-1010
Internet: http://www.hartscientific.com

2
WARNING
To ensure the safety of operating personnel, and to avoid damage to this unit:

DO NOT operate this unit without a properly grounded, properly polarized power cord.
DO NOT connect this unit to a non-grounded, non-polarized outlet.

DO use a ground fault interrupt device.

WARNING
EXTREMELY COLD TEMPERATURES PRESENT
in this equipment.
F R E E Z E R B U R N S AND FROSTBITE
may result if personnel fail to observe safety precautions.

WARNING
HIGH T E M P E R A T U R E S P R E S E N T
in this equipment.
FIRES AND S E V E R E B U R N S
may result if personnel fail to observe safety precautions.

WARNING
Fluids used in this bath may produce
NOXIOUS OR TOXIC F U M E S
under certain circumstances.
Consult the fluid manufacturer's M S D S (Material Safety Data Sheet).
PROPER VENTILATION A N D
S A F E T Y PRECAUTIONS MUST B E O B S E R V E D .

WARNING
CALIBRATION EQUIPMENT SHOULD ONLY BE USED BY TRAINED PERSONNEL.
TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 Introduction 9

2 Specifications and Enviromental Conditions 11


2.1 Specifications 1 1

2.2 Environmental Conditions 1 1

2.3 Warranty 12

3 Safety Guidelines 13

4 Quick Start 15
4.1 Unpacking 1 5

4.2 SetUp 1 5

4.3 Power 15
4.4 Setting the Temperature 15

5 Installation 17
5.1 Bath Environment 17
5.2 "Dry-out" Period 17
5.3 Bath Preparation and Filling 17
5.4 Probe 17
5.5 Power 18

6 Bath Use 19
6.1 General 19
6.2 Comparison Calibration 19
6.3 Calibration of Multiple Probes 20

7 Parts and Controls. 21


7.1 Front Panel 21
7.2 Back Panel 22
7.3 Pump Lid Assembly 24
7.4 Fluid System 24

8 General Operation 25
8.1 Overview 25
8.2 Bath Fluid 25
8.2.1 Temperature Range 25
8.2.2 Viscosity 26
8.2.3 Specific Heat 26

5
8.2.4 Thermal Conductivity 26
3.2.5 Thermal Expansion 26
3.2.6 Electrical Resistivity 26
8.2.7 Fluid Lifetime 26
8.2.8 Safety 26
8.2.9 Cost 27
8.2.10 Commonly Used Fluids 27
8.2.10.1 Water 27
8.2.10.2 Ethylene Glycol 27
8.2.10.3 Methanol 27
8.2.10.4 Mineral Oil 27
8.2.10.5 Silicone Oil 27
8.3 Stirring 27
8.4 Power 27
8.5 Heater 28
8.6 Cooling 28
8.7 Temperature Controller 29

Controller Operation 31
9.1 Bath Temperature 31
9.2 Reset Cut-out 31
9.3 Temperature Set-point 31
9.3.1 Programmable Set-points 31
9.3.2 Set-point Value 33
9.3.3 Set-point Vernier 33
9.4 Temperature Scale Units 33
9.5 Secondary Menu 34
9.6 Heater Power 34
9.7 Proportional Band 34
9.8 Cut-out 35
9.9 Controller Configuration 36
9.10 Probe Parameters Menu 36
9.10.1 R0 36
9.10.2 ALPHA 36
9.11 Operating Parameters 36
9.11.1 Cut-out Reset Mode 36
9.12 Serial Interface Parameters 37
9.12.1 B A U D Rate 37
9.12.2 Sample Period 37
9.12.3 Duplex Mode 37
9.12.4 Linefeed 37
9.13 IEEE-488 Parameters Menu 38
9.13.1 I E E E - 4 8 8 Address 38
9.14 Calibration Parameters 38
9.14.1 CTO 38
9.14.2 COandCG 38
9.14.3 H and L 38

10 Digital Communication Interface 39


10.1 Serial Communications 39
10.1.1 Wiring 39
10.1.2 Setup 39
10.1.2.1 B A U D Rate 39
10.1.2.2 Sample Period 40
10.1.2.3 Duplex Mode 40
10.1.2.4 Linefeed 40
10.1.3 Serial Operation 40
10.2 IEEE-488 Communication (optional) 40
y 10.2.1 Setup 40
10.2.1.1 IEEE-488 Interface Address 40
10.2.2 IEEE-488 Operation 40
10.3 Interface Commands 40
10.4 Power Control Functions 42
10.4.1 Heater Control 42
10.4.2 Cooling Control 43

11 Calibration Procedure 45
11.1 Calibration Points 45
11.2 Measuring the Set-point Error 45
11.3 Computing R and ALPHA
0 45
11.4 Calibration Example 45

12 Charging Instructions 47
12.0.1 Bypass Adjustment 47

13 Maintenance 49

14 Trouble Shooting 51
14.1 Troubleshooting 51
14.1.1 The heater indicator LED stays red but the temperature does not increase 51
14.1.2 The controller display flashes "cut-out" and the heater does not operate 51
14.1.3 The display flashes "cut-out" and an incorrect process temperature 51
- 4.1.4 The displayed process temperature is in error and the controller remains in the
cooling or heating state at any set-point value 52
14.1.5 The controller controls or attempts to control at an inaccurate temperature 52
14.1.6 The controller shows that the output power is steady but the process
temperature is unstable 52
The controller alternately heats for a while then cools 52
'- \ The controller erratically heats then cools, control is unstable 52
14.1.9 The bath does not achieve low temperatures 52

7
14.2 Wiring Diagrams
Introduction

Introduction
T h e Hart Scientific Model 7030 is a versatile, preci- The Model 7030 consists of a constant level test well,
sion temperature calibration bath. Its operating tem- pump system, an integrated cooling and heating sys-
:e-=:_-e ange is - 3 0 to 150 C. It is capable of rapid
r C tem, precision temperature controller, temperature
heating and cooling rates, and highly stable and ac- control probe, and cabinet. The recommended heat
h a t e settings. It is designed for calibration of immer- transfer fluid will function throughout the temperature
sion temperature devices up to 13 inches long. range of the bath.

Figure 1 Bath Assembly

Manual Rev. 831201 9


Introduction

1 0 Manual Rev. 831201 Hart Scientific


Specifications and Enviromental Conditions

2 Specifications and Enviromental


Conditions
2.1 Specifications Maintenance and cleaning recommendations can be
found in the Maintenance Section of this manual.
S e e Tabie 1.

The instrument operates safely under the following


2.2 Environmental Conditions conditions:
Although the instrument has been designed for opti-
• temperature range: 5 - 50°C (41 - 122°F)
mum durability and trouble-free operation, it must be
handled with care. The instrument should not be op- • ambient relative humidity: 15 - 5 0 %
e'ated in an excessively dusty or dirty environment.
• pressure: 7 5 k P a - 106kPa

Table 1 Specifications

Temperature Range - 3 0 ° C to 150°C

Temperature Setability ' ±0.002°C

Temperature Resetability ±0.002°C

Temperature Change Rates:


Cooling 25°C to ^-30°C 140 minutes
Heating 2 5 ° C t o 1 5 0 ° C 30 minutes

Accuracy ±1.0°C

Typical short and long term ±0.01 ° c


temperature stability

Tank Capacity 6 liters

Test well 2.6" dia x 11.3" deep (66 mm x 279.4 mm)


(%" deep mercury trap on bottom)

Refrigeration Single stage; % Hp R-507 air colled condenser 2 cooling capacities

Heater 2 selectable heater powers, 500 and 1,000 W


RFI supp. Yes
Electric Power 17 amps, 115 V A C (±10%) 60 Hz
(8 amps 230 V A C [±10%] 50 Hz optional)
Note: If voltage is outside 115 V A C (±10%) the compressor
may be damaged.

Recommended Heat Transfer Silicone oil; Hart Model 5012 (Dow 200.10), 1.4 gal.
Fluid Recommended fluid will cover full temperature range of bath.
Exterior Dimensions 14" W x 35" H x 17" F-B
35.6cm x 88.9cm x 43.2cm
Shipping Weight 120 l b s / 5 7 kg

Model 7030 Manual Rev. 831201 11


Specifications and Enviromental Conditions

• mains voltage within ± 1 0 % of nominal charge for repair or replacement of the instrument due
to defects in material or workmanship. The warranty
• vibrations in the calibration environment
will not apply if the product has not been used accord-
should be minimized
ing to the instruction manual or has been tampered
• altitude does not effect the performance or with by the user. For service or assistance, please
safety of the unit contact the manufacturer.
Hart Scientific, Inc.
2.3 Warranty 799 East Utah Valley Drive
American Fork, UT 84003
The 7030 bath is covered by a 1 year warranty that
takes effect 10 days after the product is shipped. The Ph: 801-763-1600 . Fax:801-763-1010
manufacturer will provide parts and labor without E-Mail: support@hartscientific.com

"2 Manual Rev. 831201 Hart Scientific


Safety Guidelines

3 Safety Guidelines
• Ooerate the bath in room temperatures be- gized for a "dry-out" period of 1 -2 hours before
tween 5-50°C (41-122°F). Allow sufficient air it can be assumed to meet all of the safety re-
circulation by leaving at least 6 inches of space quirements of the IEC 1010-1.
between the bath and nearby objects. Over-
• The bath is equipped with operator accessible
nead clearance needs to allow for safe and
fuses. If a fuse blows, it may be due to a power
easy insertion and removal of probes for cali-
surge or failure of a component. Replace the
bration.
fuse once. If the fuse blows a second time, it is
• If the bath is used at higher temperatures likely caused by failure of a component part. If
where fluid vaporization is significant, a fume this occurs, contact Hart Scientific Customer
hood should be used. Service. Always replace the fuse with one of
the same rating, voltage, and type. Never re-
• The bath is a precision instrument. Although it
place the fuse with one of a higher current rat-
has been designed for optimum durability and
ing.
trouble free operation, it must be handled with
care. The instrument should not be operated in • If a mains supply power fluctuation occurs, im-
excessively dusty or dirty environments. Do mediately turn off the bath. Power bumps from
not operate near flammable materials. brown-outs and black-outs can damage the
compressor. Wait until the power has stabi-
The bath generates extreme temperatures.
lized before re-energizing the bath.
Precautions must be taken to prevent per-
sonal injury or damage to objects. Probes may • This bath is not designed to be lifted. There-
be extremely hot or cold when removed from fore, moving the bath once it has been in-
the bath. Cautiously handle probes to prevent stalled should be kept to a minimum. Never
personal injury. Carefully place probes on a move a bath that is full of fluid. This action
heat resistant surface or rack until they are at could be extremely dangerous and could
room temperature. result in personal injury to the person mov-
ing the bath. The fluid can splash causing in-
Use only a grounded A C mains supply of the
jury or if the bath and cart tip, the fluid could
appropriate voltage to power the bath. T h e
cause damage to the surrounding area and
bath requires 17 amps at 115 V A C (±10%) 60
personal injury to personnel. If the bath must
Hz or optionally 8 amps at 230 V A C (±10%) 50
be moved, be sure to drain the fluid to prevent
Hz.
any injury. The bath is not designed to be lifted.
Before initial use, after transport, and anytime The wheels allow it to be rolled. If the unit must
the instrument has not been energized for be lifted, call Hart Scientific Customer Service.
more than 10 days, the bath needs to be ener-

Manual Rev. 831201 13


Safety Guidelines

1 4 Manual Rev. 831201 Hart Scientific


Quick Start

4 Quick Start
CAUTION The control probe must be inserted through the lid
into the bath and plugged into the socket at the back
READ SECTION 6 ENTITLED BATH USE before
of the bath.
placing the bath in service.
Incorrect handling can damage the bath and
void the warranty. 4.3 Power
Plug the bath power cord into a mains outlet of the
This section gives a brief summary of the steps re-
proper voltage, frequency, and current capability.
auired to set up and operate the 7030 bath. This
This should be 115 V A C (±10%), 60 Hz, 17 A (230
should be used as a general overview and reference
V A C [±10%], 50 Hz, 8 A optional). Set the H E A T E R
and not as a substitute for the remainder of the man-
switch on the front panel to position L O W and turn the
ual. Please read Section 5 through 8 carefully before
bath on using the front panel P O W E R switch. The
operating the bath.
bath will turn on and begin to heat or cool to reach the
previously programmed temperature set-point. The
4.1 Unpacking front panel L E D display will indicate the actual bath
temperature.
Unpack the bath carefully and inspect it for any dam-
age that may have occurred during shipment. If there
is shipping damage, notify the carrier immediately. 4.4 Setting the Temperature
Verify that all components are present: In the following discussion a solid box around the
word SET, UP, EXIT or D O W N indicates the panel
• 7030 Bath
button while the dotted box indicates the display read-
• Controller Probe ing. Explanation of the button or display reading is to
the right of each button or display value.
• Manual
To view or set the bath temperature set-point proceed
If you are missing any item, please call customer
as follows. T h e front panel L E D display normally
service at 1-801-763-1600.
shows the actual bath temperature.

4.2 Set Up E 4.6 8 C I Bath temperature display

Set up of the bath requires careful unpacking a n d When S E T is pressed the display will show the set-
oiacement of the bath, filling the bath with fluid, install- point memory that is currently being used and its
ing the probe and connecting power. Consult Section value. Eight set-point memories are available.
5 for detailed instructions for proper installation of the
Dath. Be sure to place the bath in a safe, clean and
level location. SET I Access set-point selection

To fill the bath, remove the ambient guard (Figure 4). I. ?S.O ! Set-point 1, 25.0°Ccurrently
B e sure the drain is fully closed (clockwise—Figure used
3). Pour in the heat transfer fluid until it is 4 inches
from the top. Normal care should be taken to maintain Press S E T to select this memory and access the set-
: e a - ' e s s Use a funnel and immediately clean up point value.
spills. Only clean, unpolluted oil should be used.
, ' , - e - : - e ;=:- s * ed to the specific level, replace the
:
SET Access set-point value
ambient guard.
! C BS 0 0 i Current value of set-point 1,
' * • • • : 25.00°C

Model 7030 Manual Rev. 831201 15


Quick Start

• \
Press U P or D O W N to change the set-point value. ^4.13 [ I Bath temperature display

Increment display The bath will heat or cool until it reaches the new set-
point temperature. Set the heater switch to position
• • \

I C 3 0.00 i New set-point value HIGH to allow the bath to more quickly reach a higher
temperature. The high power setting may be neces-
Press S E T to accept the new value and display the sary to control at high temperatures.
vernier value. The bath begins heating or cooling to When setting the set-point temperature be careful not
the new set-point. to exceed the temperature limit of the bath fluid. The
over-temperature cut-out should be correctly set for
added safety. S e e Section 9.8.
Store new set-point, access vernier
\ If operating the bath below 55°C set the C O O L I N G
0.0 0 0 0 0 ! Current vernier value power switch to O N . The cooling temperature may re-
quire adjustment to provide the proper amount of cool-
Press EXIT and the bath temperature will be dis- ing. See Section 8.6.
played again.
To obtain optimum control stability adjust the propor-
tional band as discussed in Section 9.7.
Return to the temperature display

16 Manual Rev. 831201 Hart Scientific


Installation

5 Installation
CAUTION 5.3 Bath Preparation and
READ SECTION 6 ENTITLED BATH USE before Filling
placing the bath in service.
The Model 7030 Bath is not provided with a fluid. Vari-
Incorrect handling can damage the bath and
ous fluids are available from Hart Scientific and other
void the warranty.
sources. D O W 200.10 silicone oil is the recom-
mended fluid. This fluid is usable throughout the
This bath is not designed to be lifted. Therefore, mov- bath's temperature range.
ing the bath once it has been installed should be kept
Fluids are discussed in detail in Section 8.2.
to a minimum.
To fill the bath, remove the ambient guard (Figure 4).
Never move a bath that is full of fluid. This action
Be sure the drain is fully closed (clockwise—Figure
could be extremely dangerous and could result
3). Pour in the heat transfer fluid until it is four inches
in personal injury to the person moving the bath.
from the top (Figure 4). Care should be taken to main-
If the bath must be moved, be sure to drain the fluid to tain cleanliness. Use a funnel and immediately clean
prevent any injury. The side of the bath with the up spills. Only clean, unpolluted oil should be used in
compressor is heavier than the tank side. To safely the bath. When the bath is filled to the specific level,
move the bath, two people are required. replace the ambient guard.

Carefully monitor the bath fluid level as the bath tem-


5.1 Bath Environment perature rises to prevent overflow or splashing. Re-
move excess fluid if necessary exercising caution if
The Model 7030 Bath is a precision instrument which the fluid is hot.
should be located in an appropriate environment. The
Be careful to prevent bath fluid from spilling on the
location should be free of drafts, extreme tempera-
stirring motor while filling. Note that under-filling may
tures, large temperature shifts, dirt, etc. The surface
reduce bath performance and may possibly damage
where the bath is placed must be level.
the bath heater.
If used at higher temperatures where fluid vaporiza-
tion is significant, a fume hood should be used.
5.4 Probe
Allow sufficient air circulation by leaving at least six
inches of s p a c e between the bath a n d nearby Inspect the bath controller probe. It should not be bent
objects. Provide overhead clearance to allow for safe or damaged in any way. Reasonable caution should
and e a s y insertion a n d removal of probes for be used in handling this probe as it contains a preci-
ca^bration. sion platinum sensor and is mechanically shock s e n -
sitive. Dropping, striking, or other physical shock may
cause a shift in the resistance of the probe resulting in
5.2 "Dry-out" Period diminished bath accuracy. If damaged, the probe can
be replaced. Contact the factory for assistance.
Before initial use, after transport, and any time the
~ e ~ : nas not been energized for more than 10 Insert the probe into the 1/4 inch probe hole at the
: a . s —eza's will need to be energized for a "dry-out" front left of the stir motor in the bath lid. The tip of the
: e * zz :•" -2 -ours before it can be assumed to meet probe must be well immersed in the fluid. The probe
a r r e sa-ery requirements of the IEC 1010-1. connector is plugged into the rear of the bath into the
socket labeled " P R O B E " .

Model 7030 Manual Rev. 831201 17


Installation

5.5 Power Be sure the stirring motor power cord is plugged into
the S T I R R E R socket at the back of the bath.
With the bath power switch off, plug the bath into an
A C mains outlet of the appropriate voltage, frequency,
and current capacity. Normally this will be 115 V A C
(±10%), 60 Hz, 17 A (230 V A C [±10%], 50 Hz, 8 A op-
tional).

18 Manual Rev. 831201 Hart Scientific


Bath Use

6 Bath Use
READ B E F O R E PLACING THE BATH IN SERVICE 6.2 Comparison Calibration
The information in this section is for general informa- Comparison calibration involves testing a probe (unit
tion only. It is not designed to be the basis for calibra- under test, UUT) against a reference probe. After in-
tion laboratory procedures. Each laboratory will need serting the probes to be calibrated into the bath, allow
to write their own specific procedures. sufficient time for the probes to settle and the tem-
perature of the bath to stabilize.

6.1 General One of the significant dividends of using a bath rather


than a dry-well to calibrate multiple probes is that the
3e sure to select the correct fluid for the temperature probes do not need to be identical in construction.
range of the calibration. Bath fluids should be s e - The fluid in the bath allows different types of probes to
lected to operate safely with adequate thermal prop- be calibrated at the same time. However, stem effect
erties to meet the application requirements. Also, be from different types of probes is not totally eliminated.
aware that some fluids expand and could overflow the Even though all baths have horizontal and vertical
bath if not watched. Refer to General Operation, sec- gradients, these gradients are minimized inside the
tion 8, for information specific to fluid selection and to bath work area. Nevertheless, probes should be in-
the M S D S sheet specific to the fluid selected. Gener- serted to the same depth in the bath liquid. Be sure
ally, baths are set to one temperature and used to cali- that all probes are inserted deep enough to prevent
brate probes only at that single temperature. This stem effect. From research at Hart Scientific, we sug-
means that the type of bath fluid does not have to gest a general rule-of-thumb for immersion depth to
change. Additionally, the bath can be left energized reduce the stem effect to a minimum: 15 x the diame-
reducing the stress on the system. ter of the U U T + the sensor length. Do not submerge
the probe handles. If the probe handles get too
The bath generates extreme temperatures. Precau-
warm during calibration at high temperatures, a heat
tions must be taken to prevent personal injury or dam-
shield could be used just below the probe handle.
age to objects. Probes may be extremely hot or cold
This heat shield could be as simple as aluminum foil
when removed from the bath. Cautiously handle
slid over the probe before inserting it in the bath or as
probes to prevent personal injury. Carefully place
complicated as a specially designed reflective metal
probes on a heat/cold resistant surface or rack until
apparatus.
they are at room temperature. It is advisable to wipe
the probe with a clean soft cloth or paper towel before When calibrating over a wide temperature range, bet-
inserting it into another bath. This prevents the mixing ter results can generally be achieved by starting at the
of fluids from one bath to another. If the probe has highest temperature and progressing down to the
seen calibrated in liquid salt, carefully wash the probe lowest temperature.
n warm water and dry completely before transferring
it to another fluid. Always be sure that the probe is Probes can be held in place in the bath by using probe
: o r p l e t e l y dry before inserting it into a hot fluid. clamps or drilling holes in the access cover. Other fix-
Some of the high temperature fluids react violently to tures to hold the probes can be designed. The object
.•• ate' or other liquid mediums. Be aware that cleaning is to keep the reference probe and the probe(s) to be
: - e orobe can be dangerous if the probe has not calibrated as closely grouped as possible in the work-
zzo ed to room temperature. Additionally, high tem- ing area of the bath. Bath stability is maximized when
:e-=:_-e ' j i d s may ignite the paper towels if the the bath working area is kept covered.
zzze - a s not been cooled. In preparing to use the bath for calibration start by:
accuracy and stability, allow the bath • Placing the reference probe in the bath work-
a : e : - = : e staoi!ization time after reaching the set- ing area.
zz " 'e : e ' a t _ e .
— r

• Placing the probe to be calibrated, the UUT, in


the bath working area as close as feasibly pos-
sible to the reference probe.

Manual Rev. 831201 19


Bath Use

6.3 Calibration of Multiple the probes. Using the reference probe as the guide,
be sure that the temperature has stabilized before
Probes starting the calibration.
Fully loading the bath with probes increases the time
required for the temperature to stabilize after inserting

20 Manual Rev. 831201 Hart Scientific