Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 23

2017

Youth PIT Analysis


UNACCOMPANIED YOUTH AGES 12 -24 IN KNOXVILLE-KNOX COUNTY
Introduction
 The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) requires Continuums of Care (CoCs) to
conduct a Point in Time county every year, typically on one of the last 10 days of January.

 It is important to conduct a separate youth focused PIT count because methods used to count adults
experiencing homelessness may not accurately capture the number of youth experiencing
homelessness.

The purpose of a Youth PIT count is to capture the number of unaccompanied youth at a point in
time throughout the country.

 For the purposes of this Youth PIT count, youth is defined by ages 12-24.
Purpose of the Report
 To provide an accurate count of unaccompanied homeless youth in our community to HUD
AND
 To provide community service providers and local policy makers a snapshot of the experiences of
precariously housed and homeless youth in our community.
THEREFORE
 There are two analysis included in this report:
(1) HUD Count: Only includes youth staying in sheltered and unsheltered locations
(2) Community Wide Count: Includes sheltered, unsheltered, and the additional precariously housed
Day of the Count: January th
26 , 2017
Street Count: KnoxHMIS Data from:
 Surveyed youth out in the community  Emergency shelter
 25 volunteers  Transitional housing
 5 youth service provider agencies, 2 outdoor  Street outreach
locations, and school homeless liaison report
Analysis 1:
HUD Count
TOTAL NUMBER OF SHELTERED AND UNSHELTERED
UNACCOMPANIED YOUTH AGES 12 -24 IN KNOXVILLE-KNOX COUNTY
Methodology: HUD Count
SHELTERED COUNT
 Includes merged KnoxHMIS and community 25
survey data indicating youth active in Youth in Emergency Shelter
emergency shelter

 Includes merged KnoxHMIS and community


29
Youth in Transitional Housing
survey data indicating youth active in
transitional housing
54
 Demographics were compared and matches Total Sheltered Youth
were eliminated to ensure de-duplication
Methodology: HUD Count
UNSHELTERED COUNT

 Included KnoxHMIS records on youth served 19


by street outreach program Total Unsheltered Youth

 Included community surveys on youth who


reported sleeping on a street, park, bench, or
outside
Reported Youth PIT Totals: HUD Count

2015- 2016- 2017-


50 41 73

United States Department of Housing and Urban Development. (2017). Homelessness data exchange [Summary
of PIT counts for TN-502 – Knoxville/Knox County CoC_DRAFT Preliminary Report]. Retrieved from
http://www.hudhdx.info/Pit/Defalut.aspx
Limitation: HUD Count
The HUD youth PIT is limited to count those in shelter or outside (unsheltered).

It does NOT include the precariously housed or “couch homeless.”

The Youth Specific Community Wide Point In Time DOES include precariously housed youth.
Analysis 2:
Community Wide Count
TOTAL NUMBER OF SHELTERED, UNSHELTERED, AND PRECARIOUSLY
HOUSED YOUTH AGES 12 -24 IN KNOXVILLE -KNOX COUNTY
Methodology: Community Wide Count
In addition to the number calculated for HUD, the community wide count
included precariously housed youth:
 Pulled from community surveys youth who reported staying at:
 Friend’s house
 Relative’s house
 Parent’s house
33
Precariously Housed Youth
AND
 Reported a history of homelessness
 Reported a primary reason for homelessness, or
 Reported being at risk of losing housing within 14 days of the count
Community Wide Count

29 19
Unsheltered/
In Transitional Sleeping
Housing
106 Outside

Total Youth
Experiencing
Homelessness or At
25 Risk of
Homelessness in
33
In Emergency Knoxville Knox Precariously
Shelter County Housed
Characteristics: Community Wide Count
Descriptive Statistics N = 106
Average Age 20 (14-24)
Race
White 62% (n=66)
Black/African American 33% (n=35)
Other 2% (n=2)
Null 3% (n=3)
Gender
Male 51% (n=54)
Female 49% (n=52)
Sexual Orientation
Straight 49% (n=52)
Questioning 7% (n=8)
Bisexual 2% (n=2)
Gay/Lesbian 2% (n=2)
Null 40% (n=42)
Education: Community Wide Count
Of Those Attending School n=40
In Middle School 10% (n=4)
In High School 90% (n=36)

Of Those Not Attending School n=45


Dropped Out 22% (n=10)
Obtained GED 13% ( n=6)
Completed 12th Grade 30% ( n=13)
Graduated High School 36% (n=16)
Distribution of Age:
Community Wide Count
Number of

(Frequency)
Youth

Age of Youth
Housing Status:
Community Wide Count
Additional Facts:
Community Wide Count
 51% (n=54) report having health insurance

 51% (n=54) report last permanent residence as Knoxville/Knox Co.

 29% (n=31) report a history of foster care

 26% (n=28) report a history of juvenile detention or jail

 11% (n=12) report a history of foster care AND juvenile detention or jail
Causes of Homelessness:
Community Wide Count
Economic 32
Family Discord 31
Null 16
Other 5
Aged Out of Foster Care 4
Homelessness
Causes of

No One to Turn To 4
Health/Safety 3
Mental Health 3
Criminal Activity in the Past 2
Substance Abuse 2
Chronic Medical Condition 1
Fleeing DV 1
Discharged from Hospital 1
Released from Juvinile Facility 1
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35

Number of Youth (Frequency)


Number of Times Homeless:
Community Wide Count
Number of Times N=106
Homeless
ONE Time 46% ( n=49)
TWO Times 17% (n=18)
THREE Times 6% (n=6)
FOUR or More Times 11% (n=12)
Don't Know 5% (=5)
Null 15% (n=16)
Number of Months Homeless This Time:
Community Wide Count
(Frequency)
Number of
Youth

Number of Months
Most Needed Services:
Community Wide Count
(Frequency)
Number of
Youth

Needed Services
What Youth Want You to Know
“I am a single mom suffering with anxiety. I feel oppressed.”

“I need help getting an ID and a job. It’s hard going to work hungry, especially when doing hard labor. Employers don’t want to hire the homeless. Things get stolen like IDs and
money because people have to keep things in clear bags and out in the open [inside shelters].”

“I am financially struggling to get housing…Being a woman is hard because men want to take advantage of them. [There are] also drug issues…People [are] being killed in the
streets for drugs.”

“Not everybody is on drugs who is homeless, there are a lot of intelligent people. Not everybody wants a hand out.”

“[It’s] really dangerous out there…It’s a struggle trying to get off the streets. [You have] to bring yourself up…watch your own back [because] no one else will. [I] was pregnant on
the streets.”

“There is a lack of support.”

“[I] have slept in snow, outside…[I] have a hard time getting clothes [and] have items stolen and had a hard time replacing [them].

“[An] abuser caused [me] to loose housing…[It’s] dangerous, depressing, and stressful on the streets.”
This project was facilitated by the
Knoxville-Knox County Homeless Coalition

For more information contact


kkchcoalition@gmail.com