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(800) 457-5400

– Troubleshooting

FOR TECHNICAL HELP ASK FOR KEN.

GENERAL PROBLEMS
Transmission Slippage
Unit Will Not Move
Transmission System Pressure Is Low (All Gears)
Transmission System Pressure Is Low (One or Two Gears)
Transmission Shifts Too Slow
Transmission Shifts Too Fast
Unit “Creeps” in Neutral
Transmission Hydraulic System Overheats
Excessive Transmission Noise (under load or no load)
Unit Vibrates
Unit Lacks Power And Acceleration
Torque Converter Stall RPM Too High
Torque Converter Stall RPM Too Low

Transmission Slippage

Problem Solution

Low oil level Check and add oil

Wrong oil grade Check oil grade

Weak or broken pressure regulating valve spring Do Transmission System Pressure Test

Transmission pump suction screen restricted Remove and clean screen

Low transmission pump flow due to worn pump Do Transmission Pump Flow Test

Transmission control valve or gasket leakage Remove valve and inspect gaskets

Clutch cut-off valve sticking Remove and inspect clutch cut-off valve

Remove control valve housing and check for


Restricted modulation orifice housing orifices
restrictions in valve and valve

Do Transmission Element Leakage Test Using System


Excessive transmission element leakage
Pressure

Worn clutch disks Repair transmission


Unit Will Not Move

Problem Solution

See Transmission Pressure is low (all gears) or


Low or no transmission pressure
Transmission Pressure is low (one or two gears)

Do Brake Pedal Operational Check. Do Service and


Service brakes will not release
Park Brake System Drag Checks

Park brake applied or parkswitch misadjusted Adjust park brake switch

Check shift linkage operation. Disconnect shift linkage


Stuck control valve spool
from control valve spool and check linkage movement.

Do Torque Converter Stall Test. If engine pulldown is


Failed torque converter
normal, torque converter is good

Drain transmission to determine if large pieces of


Broken shafts or gears
metal contamination are present

Inspect drive shafts and universal joints for external


Broken drive shafts
damage. Repair

If drive shafts rotate with transmission in gear but unit


Broken ring or pinion gear does not move, a differential failure is indicated.
Repair

Transmission Pressure Is Low (All Gears)

Problem Solution

Low oil level Check transmission oil level and refill if necessary

Verify transmission system pressure. Do Transmission


Switch failure
System Pressure Test

Transmission pump may be noisy if transmission


suction screen is clogged. Drain transmission.
Suction strainer is plugged
Remove and clean suction screen. Also, check
condition of transmission filter.

Transmission pressure regulating valve is stuck or Remove transmission pressure regulating valve.
spring is broken Inspect for damage

Inspect transmission control valve for external


Control valve gasket failure leakage. Remove control valve. Inspect or replace
gasket.

Transmission pump is failed Do pump flow test

Transmission System Pressure Is Low (One or Two Gears)

Problem Solution

Failed transmission control valve gasket Inspect transmission control valve for external
leakage. Remove control valve. Inspect or replace
gasket.

Clutch piston or seal ring leakage Disassemble and repair

Transmission Shifts Too Slow

Problem Solution

Low oil level (aeration of oil) Check and add oil

Low transmission pressure Do Transmission System Pressure Test

Transmission pump suction screen restricted Remove and clean screen

Low transmission pump flow Do Transmission Pump Flow Test

Do Transmission Element Leakage Test Using System


Excessive transmission element leakage
Pressure

Oil passages restricted between control valve and


emove control valve and inspect oil passages
transmission elements

Clutch cut-off valve sticking Remove and inspect cut-off valve

Transmission Shifts Too Fast

Problem Solution

System pressure too high Do Transmission System Pressure Test

Stuck modulation valve Remove and inspect modulation valve

Stuck or missing forward/reverse check valve Inspect transmission control valve

Broken piston return spring Disassemble and inspect clutch

Unit “Creeps” in Neutral

Problem Solution

Warped disks and plates in transmission Check transmission

Transmission Hydraulic System Overheats

Problem Solution

High oil level Check and adjust

Low oil level Check and correct


Wrong oil grade Check oil grade

Park brake on Release park brake

Lube lines pinched, restricted, or leaking Check cooler lines

Unit operated in too high gear range Operate unit in correct gear range

temperature sensor to verify temperature. Do


Temperature gauge or sender malfunction Install Tachometer/Temperature Reader Installation
Procedure.

Air flow through oil cooler or radiator restricted Do Radiator Air Flow Test

Bypass thermal bypass valve and check to see if unit


Oil cooler thermal relief bypass valve stuck still overheats. Do Transmission Oil Cooler Thermal
Bypass Valve Test

Oil cooler internally restricted Do Oil Cooler Restriction Test

Warped disks and plates in transmission Do Transmission Clutch Drag Check

Do Converter-Out Pressure Test. Do Transmission


Leakage in transmission hydraulic system
Element Leakage Test

Low transmission pump output Do Transmission Pump Flow Test

Excessive Transmission Noise (under load or no load)

Problem Solution

Engine slow idle too low Check engine slow idle speed

Remove transmission suction screen. Inspect for


Parts worn or damaged in transmission
metal particles. Repair as necessary

Do Converter-Out and Lube Pressure Test. Do


Low or no lube
Transmission Pump Flow Test

Incorrect type of oil Change oil

High oil level Drain some oil

Low oil level Add oil

Air leak on suction side of pump Check oil pickup tube on side of transmission

Unit Vibrates

Problem Solution

Aerated oil Check and add oil

Failed universal joints on transmission drive shaft or


Check universal joints
differential drive shafts

Unit Lacks Power And Acceleration


Unit Lacks Power And Acceleration

Problem Solution

Engine fast idle speed set too low Check fast idle adjustment

Incorrect transmission oil Check oil

Aerated oil Check and add oil

Low transmission pressure Do Transmission System Pressure Test.

Warped transmission clutch Do Transmission Clutch Drag Checks

Brake drag Do Brake Drag Check

Clutch cut-off valve sticking Remove and inspect clutch cut-off valve

Low engine power Do Engine Power Test

Torque Converter Stall RPM Too High

Problem Solution

Put clear hose on thermal bypass outlet port. Run unit


Aerated oil
to check for bubbles in oil

Converter relief valve stuck open Do Converter-Out Pressure Test

Torque converter seal leakage Do Converter-Out Pressure Test

Torque converter not transferring power (bent fins,


Remove and inspect torque converter
broken stator)

Torque Converter Stall RPM Too Low

Problem Solution

Low engine power Do Engine Power Test

Mechanical malfunction Remove and inspect torque converter

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