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Aratiles

(Muntingia calabura Linn.)

English names:
Cherry tree, Kerson tree

Description: Medicinal uses:


Aratiles is a shrub or a tree, ranging 5 to 10 meters high, a. Folkloric
with spreading branches. Leaves are hairy, sticky, alternate, Decoction of flowers for abdominal cramps.
distichous (alternately arranged in two opposite vertical b. Scientific
rows in the stem), oblong-ovate to broadly oblong-
lanceolate, 8 to 13 centimeters long, with toothed margins, Plant part Ailments cured Method of
pointed tip and unequal base, one side rounded and the preparation
other acute. Flowers are about 2 centimeters in diameter, Fruit Pain associated Consuming 9 to 12
white, extra-axillary (growing from the axil in an upward
with gout cherries three times a
motion), solitary or in pairs. Sepals are 5, green, reflexed
(bent backward), lanceolate (thin and pointed), and about 1 day
centimeter long. Petals are white, obovate, 1 centimeter Flowers Antiseptic agent for The flowers are boiled
long, deciduous and spreading. Fruit is a berry, rounded, skin wounds, for tea
about 1.5 centimeter in diameter, red on ripening, smooth, treating abdominal
fleshy, sweet and many seeded
cramps
Leaves Body pain Leaves are made into
tea
Active substances: Prevention of heart The leaves are made
Substance Description attacks and into tea
myocardial
Gallic acid Anti-inflammatory, Antioxidant, Anti-
fungal inflammation.
High blood Tea made of the
Ascorbic Acid Antiscorbutic (preventing scurvy) pressure leaves lowers blood
Kaempferol Antioxidant, anti-cancer pressure because it
contains nitric oxide
Thiamin Involved in several enzyme functions
associated with the metabolism of which relaxes blood
carbohydrates, branched-chain amino vessels thus
acids, and fatty acids. improving blood flow.
Biotin Plays key roles in histone Headaches The leaves are made
modifications, gene regulation (by into tea
modifying the activity of transcription
factors), and cell signalling
Trivia!
Quercetin Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory
Other uses of aratiles:
Catechin Ardioprotective, neuroprotective, In Mexico, the fruits are eaten and sold in markets. The
anti-obesity, anti-carcinogenic, anti- fruits can be processed into jams and the leaves can be
diabetic, anti-artherogenic, liver used for making tea. In Brazil, the trees are planted along
protective and beneficial for blood river banks. The fruits falling from the tree attract fish that
vessel health are then caught. In the Philippines and Indonesia the fruits
are usually eaten mostly by children although it is not sold
in markets.

References:
Chen, A. Y. & Chen, Y. C. (2013). A Review Of The Dietary Flavonoid, Kaempferol On Human Health And Cancer Chemoprevention. Food
Chem., 138(4): 2099-2107.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3601579/
Linus Pauling Institute. (2013). Thiamine. Retrieved from: http://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/vitamins/thiami
National Institutes Of Health, Office Of Dietary Supplements (2017). Biotin, Fact Sheet For Health Professionals [Fact Sheet}. Retrieved from:
https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Biotin-HealthProfessional/
Stuart Jr., G. (2017). Philippone Medicinal Plants - Aratiles. Retrieved from: http://www.stuartxchange.org/Aratiles
Pulugartha. S. (2017). Gallic Acid and its Uses. Retrieved from: https://www.livestrong.com/article/496550-gallic-acid-its-uses/
Haaider, P. (2015). 13 Health Benefits of Kerson Fruit. Retrieved from: https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/13-health-benefits-kerson-fruit-dr-
paul-haider
Mendiola, J. (2011, July 23). Arartiles. [Web Blog Post]. Retrieved from: http://www.occasionsofjoy.com/2011/07/aratiles.html?m=1
Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. (2009). QUERCETIN: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions and Warnings. Retrieved
from: https://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-294quercetin.aspx?activeingredientid=294&
Ascorbic Acid. (2017). Retrieved from: https://www.rxlist.com/ascorbic-acid-drug.htm
Frank, K. (n. d.). Summary of Green Tea Catechins. Retrieved from: https://examine.com/supplements/green-tea-catechins/#citations

ESPINOSA, NEIL FLORENZ FELIX, JAZLYN


MAHILUM, MIKOL GATDULA, MENALY RUTH
MARCELO, JOSIIAH DAVID 9-DALTON

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