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Lecture’s Outline [CSS COMPETITION ZONE PAKISTAN-AN ONLINE ACADEMY ]

All Parties Conference (1928)

 Rejection of Simon commission by the Indians.


 Challenge of Lord Birkenhead (Sec. of state)
 Congress invited all the parties for devising the new constitution.
 All parties’ conference was Presided by M.A. Ansari.
 In the meeting of the conference, a committee consisting of 9 personals was
formed headed by Pandit. Moti Lal Nehru.
 The committee included two Muslims i.e Syed Ali Imam and Shoaib
Qureshi.

Nehru Report (1928)

Introduction

 All parties conference-1928


 Committee held its meetings at Allabad.
 Syed Ali Imam could not attend a single meeting owing to his illness, and
Shoaib Qureshi could attend only one meeting.
 Moti Lal Nehru framed a document himself and made it public.

Features of Nehru Report

1. India will have the status of dominion.


2. There will be federal type of Government with strong centre.
3. No separate electorate for minorities.
4. No reservation of seats for minorities’.
5. Fundamental rights should be given to all communities.
6. Muslims shall enjoy 1/4th representation in central legislation
7. Separation of Sindh from Bombay if economically viable (possible).
8. Reforms in N.W.F.P.

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Lecture’s Outline [CSS COMPETITION ZONE PAKISTAN-AN ONLINE ACADEMY ]

9. Hindi as an official language.


10.F.P.S.C for India.
11.Supreme Court of India shall work independently.
12.Bicameral legislature.
13.To form new province named as Karnatak.

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Lecture’s Outline [CSS COMPETITION ZONE PAKISTAN-AN ONLINE ACADEMY ]

All parties’ Muslim conference (1928-1929)

 Held on 31st Dec. 1928 and 1st Jan. 1929.


 It was called by M.L.
 It was headed by Sir Agha Khan and Nehru Report was rejected.
 Muslim put forward certain amendments in Nehru Report.

Proposed Amendments

 Separate electorate should be retained for Muslims.


 Federal system with full provincial autonomy.
 1/3rd Muslim representation in central legislature.
 Muslims should get their due share of representation in central and
provincial ministries.
 Muslim majority should be revived in Muslim majority provinces.

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Fourteen Points of Mr. Jinnah (1929)

 Congress rejected the demands put forward by all parties Muslim


conference.
 Nehru Report resulted in unity of the divided group of Muslim League.
 Finally Mr. Jinnah presented his famous fourteen points in the Delhi session
of M.L. in 1929.
1. Government will be federal in which Provinces will be strong
2. Separate electorate.
3. Reservation of seats for minority
4. Religious rights should be given to all communities.
5. Muslim shall enjoy 1/3rd representation.
6. Sindh must be separated from Bombay.
7. N.W.F.P and Balochistan should be provided with reforms.
8. Muslims quota in government services.
9. 1/3rd Muslim representation in ministries.
10.Territorial readjustment shall not effect Muslim majority provinces.
11.Safeguard of Muslim culture, language and religion.
12.Uniform autonomy for all provinces.
13.If 3/4th of a particular community opposed the a particular bill, it must be
rejected.
14.No change in constitution or central legislature without the consent of
province.

Comparison between Nehru Report and Fourteen Points of Quaid-e-Azam

1. Government Type
 Nehru’s stance: Government will be of federal type in which centre
will be strong.
 Quaid’s stance: Government will be of federal type in which
Provinces will be strong.
2. Electoral System
 Nehru’s stance: Joint electorate.
 Quaid’s stance: Separate electorate.
3. Reservation of Seats Issue
 Nehru’s stance: No reservation of seats for minorities.
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 Quaid’s stance: Seats will be reserved for minorities.


4. Rights of Communities
 Nehru’s stance: Fundamental rights should be given to all
communities.
 Quaid’s stance: Religious rights should be given to all communities.
5. Reservation of Muslim Seats
 Nehru’s stance: Muslim can enjoy 1/4th of the total seats in centre.
 Quaid’s stance: Muslims shall enjoy 1/3rd of the total seats in centre.

6. Sindh and Bombay Issue


 Nehru’s stance: Separation of Sindh from Bombay if economically
viable.
 Quaid’s stance: Sindh must be separated from Bombay
7. N.W.F.P and Balochistan Issue
 Nehru’s stance: Reforms in N.W.F.P
 Quaid’s stance: Reforms in N.W.F.P and Balochistan.
8. Official language
 Nehru’s stance: Hindi as official language
 Quaid’s stance: safeguard of Muslim’s language, culture and
religion.
9. Competitive Examination Issue
 Nehru’s stance: F.P.S.C for India
 Quaid’s stance: Quota of Muslims in government services.

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