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Vocabulary abut v. To touch at the end or boundary line. acute adj.

Having fine and penetrating


abyss n. Bottomless gulf. discernment.
abase v. To lower in position, estimation, or academic adj. Of or pertaining to an academy, adamant n. Any substance of exceeding
the like; degrade. college, or university. hardness or impenetrability.
abbess n. The lady superior of a nunnery. Academician n. A member of an academy of addendum n. Something added, or to be
abbey n. The group of buildings which literature, art, or science. added.
collectively form the dwelling-place of a academy n. Any institution where the higher addle v. To make inefficient or worthless;
society of monks or nuns. branches of learning are taught. muddle.
abbot n. The superior of a community of accede v. To agree. adduce v. To bring forward or name for
monks. accelerate v. To move faster. consideration.
abdicate v. To give up (royal power or the accept v. To take when offered. adhere v. To stick fast or together.
like). access n. A way of approach or entrance; adherence n. Attachment.
abdomen n. In mammals, the visceral cavity passage. adherent adj. Clinging or sticking fast.
between the diaphragm and the pelvic floor; accessible adj. Approachable. adhesion n. The state of being attached or
the belly. accession n. Induction or elevation, as to dignity, joined.
abdominal n. Of, pertaining to, or situated on office, or government. adieu inter. Good-by; farewell.
the abdomen. accessory n. A person or thing that aids the adjacency n. The state of being adjacent.
abduction n. A carrying away of a person principal agent. adjacent n. That which is near or bordering
against his will, or illegally. acclaim v. To utter with a shout. upon.
abed adv. In bed; on a bed. accommodate v. To furnish something as a adjudge v. To award or bestow by formal
aberration n. Deviation from a right, kindness or favor. decision.
customary, or prescribed course. accompaniment n. A subordinate part or parts, adjunct n. Something joined to or connected
abet v. To encourage the commission of (an enriching or supporting the leading part. with another thing, but holding a subordinate
offense). accompanist n. One who or that which place.
abeyance n. A state of suspension or accompanies. adjuration n. A vehement appeal.
temporary inaction. accompany v. To go with, or be associated with, adjutant adj. Auxiliary.
abhorrence n. The act of detesting as a companion. administrator n. One who manages affairs of
extremely. accomplice n. An associate in wrong-doing. any kind.
abhorrent adj. Very repugnant; hateful. accomplish v. To bring to pass. admissible adj. Having the right or privilege of
abidance n. An abiding. accordion n. A portable free-reed musical entry.
abject adj. Sunk to a low condition. instrument. admittance n. Entrance, or the right or
abjure v. To recant, renounce, repudiate accost v. To speak to. permission to enter.
under oath. account n. A record or statement of receipts and admonish v. To warn of a fault.
able-bodied adj. Competent for physical expenditures, or of business transactions. admonition n. Gentle reproof.
service. accouter v. To dress. ado n. unnecessary activity or ceremony.
ablution n. A washing or cleansing, accredit v. To give credit or authority to. adoration n. Profound devotion.
especially of the body. accumulate v. To become greater in quantity or adroit adj. Having skill in the use of the bodily
abnegate v. To renounce (a right or number. or mental powers.
privilege). accuracy n. Exactness. adulterant n. An adulterating substance.
abnormal adj. Not conformed to the ordinary accurate adj. Conforming exactly to truth or to a adulterate v. To make impure by the
rule or standard. standard. admixture of other or baser ingredients.
abominable adj. Very hateful. accursed adj. Doomed to evil, misery, or adumbrate v. To represent beforehand in
abominate v. To hate violently. misfortune. outline or by emblem.
abomination n. A very detestable act or accusation n. A charge of crime, misdemeanor, advent n. The coming or arrival, as of any
practice. or error. important change, event, state, or personage.
aboriginal adj. Primitive; unsophisticated. accusatory adj. Of, pertaining to, or involving an adverse adj. Opposing or opposed.
aborigines n. The original of earliest known accusation. adversity n. Misfortune.
inhabitants of a country. accuse v. To charge with wrong doing, advert v. To refer incidentally.
aboveboard adv. & adj. Without misconduct, or error. advertiser n. One who advertises, especially in
concealment, fraud, or trickery. accustom v. To make familiar by use. newspapers.
abrade v. To wear away the surface or some acerbity n. Sourness, with bitterness and advisory adj. Not mandatory.
part of by friction. astringency. advocacy n. The act of pleading a cause.
abrasion n. That which is rubbed off. acetate n. A salt of acetic acid. advocate n. One who pleads the cause of
abridge v. To make shorter in words, acetic adj. Of, pertaining to, or of the nature of another, as in a legal or ecclesiastical court.
keeping the essential features, leaning out vinegar. aerial adj. Of, pertaining to, or like the air.
minor particles. ache v. To be in pain or distress. aeronaut n. One who navigates the air, a
abridgment n. A condensed form as of a Achillean adj. Invulnerable. balloonist.
book or play. achromatic adj. Colorless, aeronautics n. the art or practice of flying
abrogate v. To abolish, repeal. acid n. A sour substance. aircraft
abrupt adj. Beginning, ending, or changing acidify v. To change into acid. aerostat n. A balloon or other apparatus
suddenly or with a break. acknowledge v. To recognize; to admit the floating in or sustained by the air.
abscess n. A Collection of pus in a cavity genuineness or validity of. aerostatics n. The branch of pneumatics that
formed within some tissue of the body. acknowledgment n. Recognition. treats of the equilibrium, pressure, and
abscission n. The act of cutting off, as in a acme n. The highest point, or summit. mechanical properties.
surgical operation. acoustic adj. Pertaining to the act or sense of affable adj. Easy to approach.
abscond v. To depart suddenly and secretly, hearing. affect v. To act upon
as for the purpose of escaping arrest. acquaint v. To make familiar or conversant. affectation n. A studied or ostentatious
absence n. The fact of not being present or acquiesce v. To comply; submit. pretense or attempt.
available. acquiescence n. Passive consent. affiliate n. Some auxiliary person or thing.
absent-minded adj. Lacking in attention to acquire v. To get as one's own. affirmative adj. Answering yes; to a question
immediate surroundings or business. acquisition n. Anything gained, or made one's at issue.
absolution n. Forgiveness, or passing over of own, usually by effort or labor. affix v. To fasten.
offenses. acquit v. To free or clear, as from accusation. affluence n. A profuse or abundant supply of
absolve v. To free from sin or its penalties. acquittal n. A discharge from accusation by riches.
absorb v. To drink in or suck up, as a sponge judicial action. affront n. An open insult or indignity.
absorbs water. acquittance n. Release or discharge from afire adv. & adj. On fire, literally or
absorption n. The act or process of indebtedness, obligation, or responsibility. figuratively.
absorbing. acreage n. Quantity or extent of land, especially afoot adv. In progress.
abstain v. To keep oneself back (from doing of cultivated land. aforesaid adj. Said in a preceding part or
or using something). acrid adj. Harshly pungent or bitter. before.
abstemious adj. Characterized by self denial acrimonious adj. Full of bitterness. afresh adv. Once more, after rest or interval.
or abstinence, as in the use of drink, food. acrimony n. Sharpness or bitterness of speech or afterthought n. A thought that comes later
abstinence n. Self denial. temper. than its appropriate or expected time.
abstruse adj. Dealing with matters difficult actionable adj. Affording cause for instituting an agglomerate v. To pile or heap together.
to be understood. action, as trespass, slanderous words. aggrandize v. To cause to appear greatly.
absurd adj. Inconsistent with reason or actuality n. Any reality. aggravate v. To make heavier, worse, or more
common sense. actuate v. To move or incite to action. burdensome.
abundant adj. Plentiful. acumen n. Quickness of intellectual insight, or aggravation n.
abusive adj. Employing harsh words or ill discernment; keenness of discrimination. aggregate n. The entire number, sum, mass, or
treatment. quantity of something.
aggress v. To make the first attack. alternate n. anhydrous adj. Withered.
aggression n. An unprovoked attack. alternative n. Something that may or must exist, animadversion n. The utterance of criticism or
aggrieve v. To give grief or sorrow to. be taken or chosen, or done instead of something censure.
aghast adj. Struck with terror and else. animadvert v. To pass criticism or censure.
amazement. altitude n. Vertical distance or elevation above animalcule n. An animal of microscopic
agile adj. Able to move or act quickly, any point or base-level, as the sea. smallness.
physically, or mentally. alto n. The lowest or deepest female voice or animate v. To make alive.
agitate v. To move or excite (the feelings or part. animosity n. Hatred.
thoughts). altruism n. Benevolence to others on annalist n. Historian.
agrarian adj. Pertaining to land, especially subordination to self-interest. annals n. A record of events in their
agricultural land. altruist n. One who advocates or practices chronological order, year by year.
aide-de -camp n. An officer who receives altruism. annex v. To add or affix at the end.
and transmits the orders of the general. amalgam n. An alloy or union of mercury with annihilate v. To destroy absolutely.
ailment n. Slight sickness. another metal. annotate v. To make explanatory or critical
airy adj. Delicate, ethereal. amalgamate v. To mix or blend together in a notes on or upon.
akin adj. Of similar nature or qualities. homogeneous body. annual adj. Occurring every year.
alabaster n. A white or delicately tinted fine- amateur adj. Practicing an art or occupation for annuity n. An annual allowance, payment, or
grained gypsum. the love of it, but not as a profession. income.
alacrity n. Cheerful willingness. amatory adj. Designed to excite love. annunciation n. Proclamation.
albeit conj. Even though. ambidextrous adj. Having the ability of using anode n. The point where or path by which a
albino n. A person with milky white skin and both hands with equal skill or ease. voltaic current enters an electrolyte or the like.
hair, and eyes with bright red pupil and ambiguous adj. Having a double meaning. anonymous adj. Of unknown authorship.
usually pink iris. ambitious adj. Eagerly desirous and aspiring. antagonism n. Mutual opposition or resistance
album n. A book whose leaves are so made ambrosial adj. Divinely sweet, fragrant, or of counteracting forces, principles, or persons.
to form paper frames for holding photographs delicious. Antarctic adj. Pertaining to the south pole or
or the like. ambulance n. A vehicle fitted for conveying the the regions near it.
alchemy n. Chemistry of the middle ages, sick and wounded. ante v. In the game of poker, to put up a stake
characterized by the pursuit of changing base ambulate v. To walk about before the cards are dealt.
metals to gold. ambush n. The act or state of lying concealed for antecede v. To precede.
alcohol n. A volatile, inflammable, colorless the purpose of surprising or attacking the enemy. antecedent n. One who or that which precedes
liquid of a penetrating odor and burning taste. ameliorate v. To relieve, as from pain or or goes before, as in time, place, rank, order, or
alcoholism n. A condition resulting from the hardship causality.
inordinate or persistent use of alcoholic amenable adj. Willing and ready to submit. antechamber n. A waiting room for those who
beverages. Americanism n. A peculiar sense in which an seek audience.
alcove n. A covered recess connected with or English word or phrase is used in the United antedate v. To assign or affix a date to earlier
at the side of a larger room. States. than the actual one.
alder n. Any shrub or small tree of the genus amicable adj. Done in a friendly spirit. antediluvian adj. Of or pertaining to the times,
Alumnus, of the oak family. amity n. Friendship. things, events before the great flood in the days
alderman n. A member of a municipal amorous adj. Having a propensity for falling in of Noah.
legislative body, who usually exercises also love. antemeridian adj. Before noon.
certain judicial functions. amorphous adj. Without determinate shape. antemundane adj. Pertaining to time before
aldermanship n. The dignity, condition, amour n. A love-affair, especially one of an the world's creation.
office, or term of office of an alderman. illicit nature. antenatal adj. Occurring or existing before
alias n. An assumed name. ampere n. The practical unit of electric-current birth.
alien n. One who owes allegiance to a strength. anterior adj. Prior.
foreign government. ampersand n. The character &; and. anteroom n. A room situated before and
alienable adj. Capable of being aliened or amphibious adj. Living both on land and in opening into another, usually larger.
alienated, as lands. water. anthology n. A collection of extracts from the
alienate v. To cause to turn away. amphitheater n. An edifice of elliptical shape, writings of various authors.
alienation n. Estrangement. constructed about a central open space or arena. anthracite n. Hard coal.
aliment n. That which nourishes. amplitude n. Largeness. anthropology n. The science of man in
alkali n. Anything that will neutralize an amply adv. Sufficiently. general.
acid, as lime, magnesia, etc. amputate v. To remove by cutting, as a limb or anthropomorphous adj. Having or resembling
allay v. To calm the violence or reduce the some portion of the body. human form.
intensity of; mitigate. amusement n. Diversion. antic n. A grotesque, ludicrous, or fantastic
allege v. To assert to be true, especially in a anachronism n. Anything occurring or existing action.
formal manner, as in court. out of its proper time. Antichrist n. Any opponent or enemy of
allegory n. The setting forth of a subject anagram n. The letters of a word or phrase so Christ, whether a person or a power.
under the guise of another subject of aptly transposed as to make a different word or phrase. anticlimax n. A
suggestive likeness. analogous adj. Corresponding (to some other) in anticyclone n. An atmospheric condition of
alleviate v. To make less burdensome or less certain respects, as in form, proportion, relations. high central pressure, with currents flowing
hard to bear. analogy n. Reasoning in which from certain and outward.
alley n. A narrow street, garden path, walk, known relations or resemblance others are antidote n. Anything that will counteract or
or the like. formed. remove the effects of poison, disease, or the
alliance n. Any combination or union for analyst n. One who analyzes or makes use of the like.
some common purpose. analytical method. antilogy n. Inconsistency or contradiction in
allot v. To assign a definite thing or part to a analyze v. To examine minutely or critically. terms or ideas.
certain person. anarchy n. Absence or utter disregard of antipathize v. To show or feel a feeling of
allotment n. Portion. government. antagonism, aversion, or dislike.
allude v. To refer incidentally, or by anathema n. Anything forbidden, as by social antiphon n. A response or alteration of
suggestion. usage. responses, generally musical.
allusion n. An indirect and incidental anatomy n. That branch of morphology which antiphony n. An anthem or other composition
reference to something without definite treats of the structure of organisms. sung responsively.
mention of it. ancestry n. One's ancestors collectively. antipodes n. A place or region on the opposite
alluvion n. Flood. anecdote n. A brief account of some interesting side of the earth.
ally n. A person or thing connected with event or incident. antiquary n. One who collects and examines
another, usually in some relation of anemia n. Deficiency of blood or red corpuscles. old things, as coins, books, medals, weapons,
helpfulness. anemic adj. Affected with anemia. etc.
almanac n. A series of tables giving the days anemometer n. An instrument for measuring the antiquate v. To make old or out of date.
of the week together with certain force or velocity of wind. antique adj. Pertaining to ancient times.
astronomical information. Anesthetic adj. Pertaining to or producing loss of antiseptic n. Anything that destroys or
aloof adv. Not in sympathy with or desiring sensation. restrains the growth of putrefactive micro-
to associate with others. anew adv. Once more. organisms.
altar n. Any raised place or structure on angelic adj. Saintly. antislavery adj. Opposed to human slavery.
which sacrifices may be offered or incense Anglophobia n. Hatred or dread of England or of antispasmodic adj. Tending to prevent or
burned. what is English. relieve non-inflammatory spasmodic affections.
alter v. To make change in. Anglo-Saxon n. The entire English race antistrophe n. The inversion of terms in
alteration n. Change or modification. wherever found, as in Europe, the United States, successive classes, as in “the home of joy” and
altercate v. To contend angrily or zealously or India. “the joy of home”.
in words. angular adj. Sharp-cornered.
antitoxin n. A substance which neutralizes armful n. As much as can be held in the arm or auburn adj. Reddish-brown, said usually of the
the poisonous products of micro-organisms. arms. hair.
antonym n. A word directly opposed to armory n. An arsenal. audacious adj. Fearless.
another in meaning. aroma n. An agreeable odor. audible adj. Loud enough to be heard.
anxious adj. Distressed in mind respecting arraign v. To call into court, as a person indicted audition n. The act or sensation of hearing.
some uncertain matter. for crime, and demand whether he pleads guilty auditory adj. Of or pertaining to hearing or the
apathy n. Insensibility to emotion or or not. organs or sense of hearing.
passionate feeling. arrange v. To put in definite or proper order. augment v. To make bigger.
aperture n. Hole. arrangement n. The act of putting in proper augur v. To predict.
apex n. The highest point, as of a mountain. order, or the state of being put in order. Augustinian adj. Pertaining to St. Augustine,
aphorism n. Proverb. arrant adj. Notoriously bad. his doctrines, or the religious orders called after
apiary n. A place where bees are kept. arrear n. Something overdue and unpaid. him.
apogee n. The climax. arrival n. A coming to stopping-place or aura n. Pervasive psychic influence supposed
apology n. A disclaimer of intentional error destination. to emanate from persons
or offense. arrogant adj. Unduly or excessively proud, as of aural adj. Of or pertaining to the ear.
apostasy n. A total departure from one's faith wealth, station, learning, etc. auricle n. One of the two chambers of the heart
or religion. arrogate v. To take, demand, or claim, especially which receives the blood from the veins.
apostate adj. False. presumptuously or without reasons or grounds. auricular adj. Of or pertaining to the ear, its
apostle n. Any messenger commissioned by Artesian well n. A very deep bored well. water auricle, or the sense of hearing.
or as by divine authority. rises due to underground pressure auriferous adj. Containing gold.
apothecary n. One who keeps drugs for sale artful adj. Characterized by craft or cunning. aurora n. A luminous phenomenon in the
and puts up prescriptions. Arthurian adj. Pertaining to King Arthur, the upper regions of the atmosphere.
apotheosis n. Deification. real or legendary hero of British poetic story. auspice n. favoring, protecting, or propitious
appall v. To fill with dismay or horror. artifice n. Trickery. influence or guidance.
apparent adj. Easily understood. artless adj. Ingenuous. austere adj. Severely simple; unadorned.
apparition n. Ghost. ascendant adj. Dominant. autarchy n. Unrestricted power.
appease v. To soothe by quieting anger or ascension n. The act of rising. authentic adj. Of undisputed origin.
indignation. ascent n. A rising, soaring, or climbing. authenticity n. The state or quality of being
appellate adj. Capable of being appealed to. ascetic adj. Given to severe self-denial and genuine, or of the origin and authorship
appellation n. The name or title by which a practicing excessive abstinence and devotion. claimed.
particular person, class, or thing is called. ascribe v. To assign as a quality or attribute. autobiography n. The story of one's life
append v. To add or attach, as something asexual adj. Having no distinct sexual organs. written by himself.
accessory, subordinate, or supplementary. ashen adj. Pale. autocracy n. Absolute government.
appertain v. askance adv. With a side or indirect glance or autocrat n. Any one who claims or wields
apposite adj. Appropriate. meaning. unrestricted or undisputed authority or
apposition n. The act of placing side by side, asperity n. Harshness or roughness of temper. influence.
together, or in contact. aspirant n. One who seeks earnestly, as for automaton n. Any living being whose actions
appraise v. To estimate the money value of. advancement, honors, place. are or appear to be involuntary or mechanical.
appreciable adj. Capable of being discerned aspiration n. An earnest wish for that which is autonomous adj. Self-governing.
by the senses or intellect. above one's present reach. autonomy n. Self-government.
apprehend v. To make a prisoner of (a aspire v. To have an earnest desire, wish, or autopsy n. The examination of a dead body by
person) in the name of the law. longing, as for something high and good, not yet dissection to ascertain the cause of death.
apprehensible adj. Capable of being attained. autumnal adj. Of or pertaining to autumn.
conceived. assailant n. One who attacks. auxiliary n. One who or that which aids or
approbation n. Sanction. assassin n. One who kills, or tries to kill, helps, especially when regarded as subsidiary
appropriate adj. Suitable for the purpose and treacherously or secretly. or accessory.
circumstances. assassinate v. avalanche n. The fall or sliding of a mass of
aqueduct n. A water-conduit, particularly assassination n. Murderer, as by secret assault or snow or ice down a mountain-slope, often
one for supplying a community from a treachery. bearing with it rock.
distance. assay n. The chemical analysis or testing of an avarice n. Passion for getting and keeping
aqueous adj. Of, pertaining to, or containing alloy ore. riches.
water. assent v. To express agreement with a statement aver v. To assert as a fact.
arbiter n. One chosen or appointed, by or matter of opinion. averse adj. Reluctant.
mutual consent of parties in dispute, to decide assess v. To determine the amount of (a tax or aversion n. A mental condition of fixed
matters. other sum to be paid). opposition to or dislike of some particular
arbitrary adj. Fixed or done capriciously. assessor n. An officer whose duty it is to assess thing.
arbitrate v. To act or give judgment as taxes. avert v. To turn away or aside.
umpire. assets n. pl. Property in general, regarded as aviary n. A spacious cage or enclosure in
arbor n. A tree. applicable to the payment of debts. which live birds are kept.
arboreal adj. Of or pertaining to a tree or assiduous adj. Diligent. avidity n. Greediness.
trees. assignee n. One who is appointed to act for avocation n. Diversion.
arborescent adj. Having the nature of a tree. another in the management of certain property avow v. To declare openly.
arboretum n. A botanical garden or place and interests. awaken v. To arouse, as emotion, interest, or
devoted to the cultivation of trees or shrubs. assimilate v. To adapt. the like.
arboriculture n. The cultivation of trees or assonance n. Resemblance or correspondence in awry adv. & adj. Out of the proper form,
shrubs. sound. direction, or position.
arcade n. assonant adj. Having resemblance of sound. aye adv. An expression of assent.
archaic adj. Antiquated assonate v. To accord in sound, especially vowel azalea n. A flowering shrub.
archaism n. Obsolescence. sound. azure n. The color of the sky.
archangel n. An angel of high rank. assuage v. To cause to be less harsh, violent, or Baconian adj. Of or pertaining to Lord Bacon
archbishop n. The chief of the bishops of an severe, as excitement, appetite, pain, or disease. or his system of philosophy.
ecclesiastical province in the Greek, Roman, astringent adj. Harsh in disposition or character. bacterium n. A microbe.
and Anglican church. astute adj. Keen in discernment. badger v. To pester.
archdeacon n. A high official administrator atheism n. The denial of the existence of God. baffle v. To foil or frustrate.
of the affairs of a diocese. athirst adj. Wanting water. bailiff n. An officer of court having custody of
archaeology n. The branch of anthropology athwart adv. From side to side. prisoners under arraignment.
concerned with the systematic investigation atomizer n. An apparatus for reducing a liquid to baize n. A single-colored napped woolen fabric
of the relics of man. a fine spray, as for disinfection, inhalation, etc. used for table-covers, curtains, etc.
archetype n. A prototype. atone v. To make amends for. bale n. A large package prepared for
archipelago n. Any large body of water atonement n. Amends, reparation, or expiation transportation or storage.
studded with islands, or the islands made from wrong or injury. baleful adj. Malignant.
collectively themselves. atrocious adj. Outrageously or wantonly wicked, ballad n. Any popular narrative poem, often
ardent adj. Burning with passion. criminal, vile, or cruel. with epic subject and usually in lyric form.
ardor n. Intensity of passion or affection. atrocity n. Great cruelty or reckless wickedness. balsam n. A medical preparation, aromatic and
arid adj. Very dry. attaché n. A subordinate member of a diplomatic oily, used for healing.
aristocracy n. A hereditary nobility embassy. banal adj. Commonplace.
aristocrat n. A hereditary noble or one attest v. To certify as accurate, genuine, or true. barcarole n. A boat-song of Venetian
nearly connected with nobility. attorney-general n. The chief law -officer of a gondoliers.
armada n. A fleet of war-vessels. government.
barograph n. An instrument that registers bestride v. To get or sit upon astride, as a horse. brandish v. To wave, shake, or flourish
graphically and continuously the atmospheric bethink v. To remind oneself. triumphantly or defiantly, as a sword or spear.
pressure. betide v. To happen to or befall. bravado n. An aggressive display of boldness.
barometer n. An instrument for indicating betimes adv. In good season or time. bravo interj. Well done.
the atmospheric pressure per unit of surface. betroth v. To engage to marry. bray n. A loud harsh sound, as the cry of an ass
barring prep. Apart from. betrothal n. Engagement to marry. or the blast of a horn.
baritone adj. Having a register higher than bevel n. Any inclination of two surfaces other braze v. To make of or ornament with brass.
bass and lower than tenor. than 90 degrees. brazier n. An open pan or basin for holding
bask v. To make warm by genial heat. bewilder v. To confuse the perceptions or live coals.
bass adj. Low in tone or compass. judgment of. breach n. The violation of official duty, lawful
baste v. To cover with melted fat, gravy, bibliomania n. The passion for collecting books. right, or a legal obligation.
while cooking. bibliography n. A list of the words of an author, breaker n. One who trains horses, dogs, etc.
baton n. An official staff borne either as a or the literature bearing on a particular subject. breech n. The buttocks.
weapon or as an emblem of authority or bibliophile n. One who loves books. brethren n. pl. Members of a brotherhood,
privilege. bibulous adj. Fond of drinking. gild, profession, association, or the like.
battalion n. A body of infantry composed of bide v. To await. brevity n. Shortness of duration.
two or more companies, forming a part of a biennial n. A plant that produces leaves and roots bric-a-brac n. Objects of curiosity or for
regiment. the first year and flowers and fruit the second. decoration.
batten n. A narrow strip of wood. bier n. A horizontal framework with two handles bridle n. The head -harness of a horse
batter n. A thick liquid mixture of two or at each end for carrying a corpse to the grave. consisting of a head-stall, a bit, and the reins.
more materials beaten together, to be used in bigamist n. One who has two spouses at the same brigade n. A body of troops consisting of two
cookery. time. or more regiments.
bauble n. A trinket. bigamy n. The crime of marrying any other brigadier n. General officer who commands a
bawl v. To proclaim by outcry. person while having a legal spouse living. brigade, ranking between a colonel and a
beatify v. To make supremely happy. bight n. A slightly receding bay between major-general.
beatitude n. Any state of great happiness. headlands, formed by a long curve of a coast-line. brigand n. One who lives by robbery and
beau n. An escort or lover. bilateral adj. Two-sided. plunder.
becalm v. To make quiet. bilingual adj. Speaking two languages. brimstone n. Sulfur.
beck v. To give a signal to, by nod or biograph n. A bibliographical sketch or notice. brine n. Water saturated with salt.
gesture. biography n. A written account of one's life, bristle n. One of the coarse, stiff hairs of
bedaub v. To smear over, as with something actions, and character. swine: used in brush-making, etc.
oily or sticky. biology n. The science of life or living Britannia n. The United Kingdom of Great
bedeck v. To cover with ornament. organisms. Britain.
bedlam n. Madhouse. biped n. An animal having two feet. Briticism n. A word, idiom, or phrase
befog v. To confuse. birthright n. A privilege or possession into characteristic of Great Britain or the British.
befriend v. To be a friend to, especially which one is born. brittle adj. Fragile.
when in need. bitterness n. Acridity, as to the taste. broach v. To mention, for the first time.
beget v. To produce by sexual generation. blasé adj. Sated with pleasure. broadcast adj. Disseminated far and wide.
begrudge v. To envy one of the possession blaspheme v. To indulge in profane oaths. Brogan n. A coarse, heavy shoe.
of. blatant adj. Noisily or offensively loud or brogue n. Any dialectic pronunciation of
belate v. To delay past the proper hour. clamorous. English, especially that of the Irish people.
belay v. To make fast, as a rope, by winding blaze n. A vivid glowing flame. brokerage n. The business of making sales and
round a cleat. blazon v. To make widely or generally known. purchases for a commission; a broker.
belie v. To misrepresent. bleak adj. Desolate. bromine n. A dark reddish-brown, non-
believe v. To accept as true on the testimony blemish n. A mark that mars beauty. metallic liquid element with a suffocating odor.
or authority of others. blithe adj. Joyous. bronchitis n. Inflammation of the bronchial
belittle v. To disparage. blithesome adj. Cheerful. tubes.
belle n. A woman who is a center of blockade n. The shutting up of a town, a frontier, bronchus n. Either of the two subdivisions of
attraction because of her beauty, or a line of coast by hostile forces. the trachea conveying air into the lungs.
accomplishments, etc. boatswain n. A subordinate officer of a vessel, brooch n. An article of jewelry fastened by a
bellicose adj. Warlike. who has general charge of the rigging, anchors, hinged pin and hook on the underside.
belligerent adj. Manifesting a warlike spirit. etc. brotherhood n. Spiritual or social fellowship
bemoan v. To lament bodice n. A women's ornamental corset-shaped or solidarity.
benediction n. a solemn invocation of the laced waist. browbeat v. To overwhelm, or attempt to do
divine blessing. bodily adj. Corporeal. so, by stern, haughty, or rude address or
benefactor n. A doer of kindly and charitable boisterous adj. Unchecked merriment or animal manner.
acts. spirits. brusque adj. Somewhat rough or rude in
benefice n. A church office endowed with bole n. The trunk or body of a tree. manner or speech.
funds or property for the maintenance of bolero n. A Spanish dance, illustrative of the buffoon n. A clown.
divine service. passion of love, accompanied by caste nets and buffoonery n. Low drollery, coarse jokes, etc.
beneficent adj. Characterized by charity and singing. bulbous adj. Of, or pertaining to, or like a bulb.
kindness. boll n. A round pod or seed-capsule, as a flax or bullock n. An ox.
beneficial adj. Helpful. cotton. bulrush n. Any one of various tall rush-like
beneficiary n. One who is lawfully entitled bolster v. To support, as something wrong. plants growing in damp ground or water.
to the profits and proceeds of an estate or bomb n. A hollow projectile containing an bulwark n. Anything that gives security or
property. explosive material. defense.
benefit n. Helpful result. bombard v. To assail with any missile or with bumper n. A cup or glass filled to the brim,
benevolence n. Any act of kindness or well- abusive speech. especially one to be drunk as a toast or health.
doing. bombardier n. A person who has charge of bumptious adj. Full of offensive and
benevolent adj. Loving others and actively mortars, bombs, and shells. aggressive self-conceit.
desirous of their well-being. bombast n. Inflated or extravagant language, bungle v. To execute clumsily.
benign adj. Good and kind of heart. especially on unimportant subjects. buoyancy n. Power or tendency to float on or
benignant adj. Benevolent in feeling, boorish adj. Rude. in a liquid or gas.
character, or aspect. bore v. To weary by tediousness or dullness. buoyant adj. Having the power or tendency to
benignity n. Kindness of feeling, disposition, borough n. An incorporated village or town. float or keep afloat.
or manner. bosom n. The breast or the upper front of the bureau n. A chest of drawers for clothing, etc.
benison n. Blessing. thorax of a human being, especially of a woman. bureaucracy n. Government by departments of
bequeath v. To give by will. botanical adj. Connected with the study or men transacting particular branches of public
bereave v. To make desolate with loneliness cultivation of plants. business.
and grief. botanize v. To study plant-life. burgess n. In colonial times, a member of the
berth n. A bunk or bed in a vessel, sleeping- botany n. The science that treats of plants. lower house of the legislature of Maryland or
car, etc. bountiful adj. Showing abundance. Virginia.
beseech v. To implore. Bowdlerize v. To expurgate in editing (a literary burgher n. An inhabitant, citizen or freeman of
beset v. To attack on all sides. composition) by omitting words or passages. a borough burgh, or corporate town.
besmear v. To smear over, as with any oily bowler n. In cricket, the player who delivers the burnish v. To make brilliant or shining.
or sticky substance. ball. bursar n. A treasurer.
bestial adj. Animal. boycott v. To place the products or merchandise bustle v. To hurry.
bestrew v. To sprinkle or cover with things of under a ban. butt v. To strike with or as with the head, or
strewn. brae n. Hillside. horns.
braggart n. A vain boaster.
butte n. A conspicuous hill, low mountain, or cartilage n. An elastic animal tissue of firm circulate v. To disseminate.
natural turret, generally isolated. consistence. circumference n. The boundary-line of a
buttress n. Any support or prop. cartridge n. A charge for a firearm, or for circle.
by-law n. A rule or law adopted by an blasting. circumlocution n. Indirect or roundabout
association, a corporation, or the like. caste n. The division of society on artificial expression.
cabal n. A number of persons secretly united grounds. circumnavigate v. To sail quite around.
for effecting by intrigue some private castigate v. To punish. circumscribe v. To confine within bounds.
purpose. casual adj. Accidental, by chance. circumspect adj. Showing watchfulness,
cabalism n. Superstitious devotion to one's casualty n. A fatal or serious accident or disaster. caution, or careful consideration.
religion. cataclysm n. Any overwhelming flood of water. citadel n. Any strong fortress.
cabinet n. The body of men constituting the cataract n. Opacity of the lens of the eye cite v. To refer to specifically.
official advisors of the executive head of a resulting in complete or partial blindness. claimant n. One who makes a claim or
nation. catastrophe n. Any great and sudden misfortune demand, as of right.
cacophony n. A disagreeable, harsh, or or calamity. clairvoyance n. Intuitive sagacity or
discordant sound or combination of sounds or cathode n. The negative pole or electrode of a perception.
tones. galvanic battery. clamorous adj. Urgent in complaint or
cadaverous adj. Resembling a corpse. Catholicism n. The system, doctrine, and demand.
cadence n. Rhythmical or measured flow or practice of the Roman Catholic Church. clan n. A tribe.
movement, as in poetry or the time and pace catholicity n. Universal prevalence or clandestine adj. Surreptitious.
of marching troops. acceptance. clangor n. Clanking or a ringing, as of arms,
cadenza n. An embellishment or flourish, cat-o-nine -tails n. An instrument consisting of chains, or bells; clamor.
prepared or improvised, for a solo voice or nine pieces of cord, formerly used for flogging in clarify v. To render intelligible.
instrument. the army and navy. clarion n. A small shrill trumpet or bugle.
caitiff adj. Cowardly. caucus n. A private meeting of members of a classify v.
cajole v. To impose on or dupe by flattering political party to select candidates. clearance n. A certificate from the proper
speech. causal adj. Indicating or expressing a cause. authorities that a vessel has complied with the
cajolery n. Delusive speech. caustic adj. Sarcastic and severe. law and may sail.
calculable adj. That may be estimated by cauterize v. To burn or sear as with a heated clemency n. Mercy.
reckoning. iron. clement adj. Compassionate.
calculus n. A concretion formed in various cede v. To pass title to. close-hauled adj. Having the sails set for
parts of the body resembling a pebble in censor n. An official examiner of manuscripts sailing as close to the wind as possible.
hardness. empowered to prohibit their publication. clothier n. One who makes or sells cloth or
callosity n. The state of being hard and censorious adj. Judging severely or harshly. clothing.
insensible. census n. An official numbering of the people of clumsy adj. Awkward of movement.
callow adj. Without experience of the world. a country or district. coagulate v. To change into a clot or a jelly, as
calorie n. centenary adj. Pertaining to a hundred years or a by heat, by chemical action, or by a ferment.
calumny n. Slander. period of a hundred years. coagulant adj. Producing coagulation.
Calvary n. The place where Christ was centiliter n. A hundredth of a liter. coalescence n. The act or process of coming
crucified. centimeter n. A length of one hundredth of a together so as to form one body, combination,
Calvinism n. The system of doctrine taught meter. or product.
by John Calvin. centurion n. A captain of a company of one coalition n. Combination in a body or mass.
Calvinize v. To teach or imbue with the hundred infantry in the ancient Roman army. coddle v. To treat as a baby or an invalid.
doctrines of Calvinism. cereal adj. Pertaining to edible grain or codicil n. A supplement adding to, revoking, or
came n. A leaden sash-bar or grooved strip farinaceous seeds. explaining in the body of a will.
for fastening panes in stained-glass windows. ceremonial adj. Characterized by outward form coerce v. To force.
cameo n. Any small engraved or carved work or ceremony. coercion n. Forcible constraint or restraint,
in relief. ceremonious adj. Observant of ritual. moral or physical.
campaign n. A complete series of connected cessation n. Discontinuance, as of action or coercive adj. Serving or tending to force.
military operations. motion. cogent adj. Appealing strongly to the reason or
Canaanite n. A member of one of the three cession n. Surrender, as of possessions or rights. conscience.
tribes that dwelt in the land of Canaan, or chagrin n. Keen vexation, annoyance, or cognate adj. Akin.
western Palestine. mortification, as at one's failures or errors. cognizant adj. Taking notice.
canary adj. Of a bright but delicate yellow. chameleon adj. Changeable in appearance. cohere v. To stick together.
candid adj. Straightforward. chancery n. A court of equity, as distinguished cohesion n. Consistency.
candor n. The quality of frankness or from a common-law court. cohesive adj. Having the property of
outspokenness. chaos n. Any condition of which the elements or consistency.
canine adj. Characteristic of a dog. parts are in utter disorder and confusion. coincide v. To correspond.
canon n. Any rule or law. Characteristic n. A distinctive feature. coincidence n. A circumstance so agreeing
cant v. To talk in a singsong, preaching tone characterize v. To describe by distinctive marks with another: often implying accident.
with affected solemnity. or peculiarities. coincident adj. Taking place at the same time.
cantata n. A choral composition. charlatan n. A quack. collaborate v.
canto n. One of the divisions of an extended chasm n. A yawning hollow, as in the earth's collapse v. To cause to shrink, fall in, or fail.
poem. surface. collapsible adj. That may or can collapse.
cantonment n. The part of the town or chasten v. To purify by affliction. colleague n. An associate in professional
district in which the troops are quartered. chastise v. To subject to punitive measures. employment.
capacious adj. Roomy. chastity n. Sexual or moral purity. collective adj. Consisting of a number of
capillary n. A minute vessel having walls chateau n. A castle or manor-house. persons or objects considered as gathered into a
composed of a single layer of cells. chattel n. Any article of personal property. mass, or sum.
capitulate v. To surrender or stipulate terms. check v. To hold back. collector n. One who makes a collection, as of
caprice n. A whim. chiffon n. A very thin gauze used for trimmings, objects of art, books, or the like.
caption n. A heading, as of a chapter, evening dress, etc. collegian n. A college student.
section, document, etc. chivalry n. The knightly system of feudal times collide v. To meet and strike violently.
captious adj. Hypercritical. with its code, usages and practices. collier n. One who works in a coal-mine.
captivate v. To fascinate, as by excellence. cholera n. An acute epidemic disease. collision n. Violent contact.
eloquence, or beauty. choleric adj. Easily provoked to anger. colloquial adj. Pertaining or peculiar to
carcass n. The dead body of an animal. choral adj. Pertaining to, intended for, or common speech as distinguished from literary.
cardiac adj. Pertaining to the heart. performed by a chorus or choir. colloquialism n. Form of speech used only or
cardinal adj. Of prime or special importance. Christ n. A title of Jesus chiefly in conversation.
caret n. A sign (^) placed below a line, christen v. To name in baptism. colloquy n. Conversation.
indicating where omitted words, etc., should Christendom n. That part of the world where collusion n. A secret agreement for a wrongful
be inserted. Christianity is generally professed. purpose.
caricature n. a picture or description in chromatic adj. Belonging, relating to, or colossus n. Any strikingly great person or
which natural characteristics are exaggerated abounding in color. object.
or distorted. chronology n. The science that treats of comely adj. Handsome.
carnage n. Massacre. computation of time or of investigation and comestible adj. Fit to be eaten.
carnal adj. Sensual. arrangement of events. comical adj. Funny.
carnivorous adj. Eating or living on flesh. chronometer n. A portable timekeeper of the commemorate v. To serve as a remembrance
carouse v. To drink deeply and in boisterous highest attainable precision. of.
or jovial manner. cipher v. To calculate arithmetically. (also a commentary n. A series of illustrative or
carrion n. Dead and putrefying flesh. noun meaning zero or nothing) explanatory notes on any important work.
commingle v. To blend. conducive adj. Contributing to an end. consonant adj. Being in agreement or harmony
commissariat n. The department of an army conductible adj. Capable of being conducted or with.
charged with the provision of its food and transmitted. consort n. A companion or associate.
water and daily needs. conduit n. A means for conducting something, conspicuous adj. Clearly visible.
commission v. To empower. particularly a tube, pipe, or passageway for a conspirator n. One who agrees with others to
commitment n. The act or process of fluid. cooperate in accomplishing some unlawful
entrusting or consigning for safe-keeping. confectionery n. The candy collectively that a purpose.
committal n. The act, fact, or result of confectioner makes or sells, as candy. conspire v. To plot.
committing, or the state of being confederacy n. A number of states or persons in constable n. An officer whose duty is to
ommodity n. Something that is bought and compact or league with each other, as for mutual maintain the peace.
sold. aid. constellation n. An arbitrary assemblage or
commotion n. A disturbance or violent confederate n. One who is united with others in a group of stars.
agitation. league, compact, or agreement. consternation n. Panic.
commute v. To put something, especially confer v. To bestow. constituency n. The inhabitants or voters in a
something less severe, in place of. conferee n. A person with whom another confers. district represented in a legislative body.
comparable adj. Fit to be compared. confessor n. A spiritual advisor. constituent n. One who has the right to vote at
comparative adj. Relative. confidant n. One to whom secrets are entrusted. an election.
comparison n. Examination of two or more confide v. To reveal in trust or confidence. constrict v. To bind.
objects with reference to their likeness or confidence n. The state or feeling of trust in or consul n. An officer appointed to reside in a
unlikeness. reliance upon another. foreign city, chiefly to represent his country.
compensate v. To remunerate. confident adj. Assured. consulate n. The place in which a consul
competence n. Adequate qualification or confinement n. Restriction within limits or transacts official business.
capacity. boundaries. consummate v. To bring to completion.
competent adj. Qualified. confiscate v. To appropriate (private property) as consumption n. Gradual destruction, as by
competitive adj. characterized by rivalry. forfeited to the public use or treasury. burning, eating, etc., or by using up, wearing
competitor n. A rival. conflagration n. A great fire, as of many out, etc.
complacence n. Satisfaction with one's acts buildings, a forest, or the like. consumptive adj. Designed for gradual
or surroundings. confluence n. The place where streams meet. destruction.
complacent adj. Pleased or satisfied with confluent n. A stream that unites with another. contagion n. The communication of disease
oneself. conformance n. The act or state or conforming. from person to person.
complaisance n. Politeness. conformable adj. Harmonious. contagious adj. Transmitting disease.
complaisant adj. Agreeable. conformation n. General structure, form, or contaminate v. To pollute.
complement v. To make complete. outline. contemplate v. To consider thoughtfully.
complex adj. Complicated. conformity n. Correspondence in form, manner, contemporaneous adj. Living, occurring, or
compliant adj. Yielding. or use. existing at the same time.
complicate v. To make complex, difficult, or confront v. To encounter, as difficulties or contemporary adj. Living or existing at the
hard to deal with. obstacles. same time.
complication n. An intermingling or congeal v. To coagulate. contemptible adj. Worthy of scorn or disdain.
combination of things or parts, especially in a congenial adj. Having kindred character or tastes. contemptuous adj. Disdainful.
perplexing manner. congest v. To collect into a mass. contender n. One who exerts oneself in
complicity n. Participation or partnership, as congregate v. To bring together into a crowd. opposition or rivalry.
in wrong -doing or with a wrong-doer. coniferous adj. Cone-bearing trees. contiguity n. Proximity.
compliment v. To address or gratify with conjecture n. A guess. ontiguous adj. Touching or joining at the edge
expressions of delicate praise. conjoin v. To unite. or boundary.
component n. A constituent element or part. conjugal adj. Pertaining to marriage, marital continence n. Self-restraint with respect to
comport v. To conduct or behave (oneself). rights, or married persons. desires, appetites, and passion.
composure n. Calmness. conjugate adj. Joined together in pairs. contingency n. Possibility of happening.
comprehensible adj. Intelligible. conjugation n. The state or condition of being contingent adj. Not predictable.
comprehension n. Ability to know. joined together. continuance n. Permanence.
comprehensive adj. Large in scope or conjunction n. The state of being joined continuation n. Prolongation.
content. together, or the things so joined. continuity n. Uninterrupted connection in
compress v. To press together or into smaller connive v. To be in collusion. space, time, operation, or development.
space. connoisseur n. A critical judge of art, especially continuous adj. Connected, extended, or
compressible adj. Capable of being pressed one with thorough knowledge and sound prolonged without separation or interruption of
into smaller compass. judgment of art. sequence.
compression n. Constraint, as by force or connote v. To mean; signify. contort v. To twist into a misshapen form.
authority. connubial adj. Pertaining to marriage or contraband n. Trade forbidden by law or
comprise v. To consist of. matrimony. treaty.
compulsion n. Coercion. conquer v. To overcome by force. contradiction n. The assertion of the opposite
compulsory adj. Forced. consanguineous adj. Descended from the same of that which has been said.
compunction n. Remorseful feeling. parent or ancestor. contradictory adj. Inconsistent with itself.
compute v. To ascertain by mathematical conscience n. The faculty in man by which he contraposition n. A placing opposite.
calculation. distinguishes between right and wrong in contravene v. To prevent or obstruct the
concede v. To surrender. character and conduct. operation of.
conceit n. Self-flattering opinion. conscientious adj. Governed by moral standard. contribution n. The act of giving for a
conceive v. To form an idea, mental image or conscious adj. Aware that one lives, feels, and common purpose.
thought of. thinks. contributor n. One who gives or furnishes, in
concerto n. A musical composition. conscript v. To force into military service. common with others, for a common purpose.
concession n. Anything granted or yielded, or consecrate v. To set apart as sacred. contrite adj. Broken in spirit because of a
admitted in response to a demand, petition, or consecutive adj. Following in uninterrupted sense of sin.
claim. succession. contrivance n. The act planning, devising,
conciliate v. To obtain the friendship of. consensus n. A collective unanimous opinion of inventing, or adapting something to or for a
conciliatory adj. Tending to reconcile. a number of persons. special purpose.
conclusive adj. Sufficient to convince or conservatism n. Tendency to adhere to the contrive v. To manage or carry through by
decide. existing order of things. some device or scheme.
concord n. Harmony. conservative adj. Adhering to the existing order control v. To exercise a directing, restraining,
concordance n. Harmony. of things. or governing influence over.
concur v. To agree. conservatory n. An institution for instruction and controller n. One who or that which regulates
concurrence n. Agreement. training in music and declamation. or directs.
concurrent adj. Occurring or acting together. consign v. To entrust. contumacious adj. Rebellious.
concussion n. A violent shock to some organ consignee n. A person to whom goods or other contumacy n. Contemptuous disregard of the
by a fall or a sudden blow. property has been entrusted. requirements of rightful authority.
condensation n. The act or process of consignor n. One who entrusts. contuse v. To bruise by a blow, either with or
making dense or denser. consistency n. A state of permanence. without the breaking of the skin.
condense v. To abridge. console v. To comfort. contusion n. A bruise.
condescend v. To come down voluntarily to consolidate v. To combine into one body or convalesce v. To recover after a sickness.
equal terms with inferiors. system. convalescence n. The state of progressive
condolence n. Expression of sympathy with a consonance n. The state or quality of being in restoration to health and strength after the
person in pain, sorrow, or misfortune. accord with. cessation of disease.
conduce v. To bring about.
convalescent adj. Recovering health after counterpart n. Something taken with another for darkling adv. Blindly.
sickness. the completion of either. Darwinism n. The doctrine that natural
convene v. To summon or cause to assemble. countervail v. To offset. selection has been the prime cause of evolution
convenience n. Fitness, as of time or place. counting-house n. A house or office used for of higher forms.
converge v. To cause to incline and approach transacting business, bookkeeping, dastard n. A base coward.
nearer together. correspondence, etc. datum n. A premise, starting-point, or given
convergent adj. Tending to one point. countryman n. A rustic. fact.
conversant adj. Thoroughly informed. courageous adj. Brave. dauntless adj. Fearless.
conversion n. Change from one state or course n. Line of motion or direction. day-man n. A day-laborer.
position to another, or from one form to courser n. A fleet and spirited horse. dead-heat n. A race in which two or more
another. courtesy n. Politeness originating in kindness competitors come out even, and there is no
convertible adj. Interchangeable. and exercised habitually. winner.
convex adj. Curving like the segment of the covenant n. An agreement entered into by two or dearth n. Scarcity, as of something customary,
globe or of the surface of a circle. more persons or parties. essential ,or desirable.
conveyance n. That by which anything is covert adj. Concealed, especially for an evil death's-head n. A human skull as a symbol of
transported. purpose. death.
convivial adj. Devoted to feasting, or to covey n. A flock of quails or partridges. debase v. To lower in character or virtue.
good-fellowship in eating or drinking. cower v. To crouch down tremblingly, as through debatable adj. Subject to contention or dispute.
convolution n. A winding motion. fear or shame. debonair adj. Having gentle or courteous
convolve v. To move with a circling or coxswain n. One who steers a rowboat, or one bearing or manner.
winding motion. who has charge of a ship's boat and its crew Debut n. A first appearance in society or on the
convoy n. A protecting force accompanying under an officer. stage.
property in course of transportation. crag n. A rugged, rocky projection on a cliff or decagon n. A figure with ten sides and ten
convulse v. To cause spasms in. ledge. angles.
convulsion n. A violent and abnormal cranium n. The skull of an animal, especially decagram n. A weight of 10 grams.
muscular contraction of the body. that part enclosing the brain. decaliter n. A liquid and dry measure of 10
copious adj. Plenteous. crass adj. Coarse or thick in nature or structure, liters.
coquette n. A flirt. as opposed to thin or fine. decalogue n. The ten commandments.
cornice n. An ornamental molding running craving n. A vehement desire. Decameron n. A volume consisting of ten
round the walls of a room close to the ceiling. creak n. A sharp, harsh, squeaking sound. parts or books.
cornucopia n. The horn of plenty, creamery n. A butter-making establishment. decameter n. A length of ten meters.
symbolizing peace and prosperity. creamy adj. Resembling or containing cream. decamp v. To leave suddenly or unexpectedly.
corollary n. A proposition following so credence n. Belief. decapitate v. To behead.
obviously from another that it requires little credible adj. Believable. decapod adj. Ten -footed or ten-armed.
demonstration. credulous adj. Easily deceived. decasyllable n. A line of ten syllables.
coronation n. The act or ceremony of creed n. A formal summary of fundamental deceit n. Falsehood.
crowning a monarch. points of religious belief. deceitful adj. Fraudulent.
coronet n. Inferior crown denoting, crematory adj. A place for cremating dead deceive v. To mislead by or as by falsehood.
according to its form, various degrees of bodies. decency n. Moral fitness.
noble rank less than sovereign. crevasse n. A deep crack or fissure in the ice of a decent adj. Characterized by propriety of
corporal adj. Belonging or relating to the glacier. conduct, speech, manners, or dress.
body as opposed to the mind. crevice n. A small fissure, as between two deciduous adj. Falling off at maturity as petals
corporate adj. Belonging to a corporation. contiguous surfaces. after flowering, fruit when ripe, etc.
corporeal adj. Of a material nature; physical. criterion n. A standard by which to determine decimal adj. Founded on the number 10.
corps n. A number or body of persons in the correctness of a judgment or conclusion. decimate v. To destroy a measurable or large
some way associated or acting together. critique n. A criticism or critical review. proportion of.
corpse n. A dead body. crockery n. Earthenware made from baked clay. decipher v. To find out the true words or
corpulent adj. Obese. crucible n. A trying and purifying test or agency. meaning of, as something hardly legible.
corpuscle n. A minute particle of matter. crusade n. Any concerted movement, vigorously Decisive ad. Conclusive.
correlate v. To put in some relation of prosecuted, in behalf of an idea or principle. declamation n. A speech recited or intended
connection or correspondence. crustacean adj. Pertaining to a division of for recitation from memory in public.
correlative adj. Mutually involving or arthropods, containing lobsters, crabs, crawfish, declamatory adj. A full and formal style of
implying one another. etc. utterance.
corrigible adj. Capable of reformation. crustaceous adj. Having a crust-like shell. declarative adj. Containing a formal, positive,
corroborate v. To strengthen, as proof or cryptogram n. Anything written in characters or explicit statement or affirmation.
conviction. that are secret or so arranged as to have hidden declension n. The change of endings in nouns
corroboration n. Confirmation. meaning. and adj. to express their different relations of
corrode v. To ruin or destroy little by little. crystallize v. To bring together or give fixed gender.
corrosion n. Gradual decay by crumbling shape to. decorate v. To embellish.
or surface disintegration. cudgel n. A short thick stick used as a club. decorous adj. Suitable for the occasion or
corrosive n. That which causes gradual culinary adj. Of or pertaining to cooking or the circumstances.
decay by crumbling or surface kitchen. decoy n. Anything that allures, or is intended to
disintegration. cull v. To pick or sort out from the rest. allures into danger or temptation.
corruptible adj. Open to bribery. culpable adj. Guilty. decrepit adj. Enfeebled, as by old age or some
culprit n. A guilty person. chronic infirmity.
corruption n. Loss of purity or integrity. culvert n. Any artificial covered channel for the dedication n. The voluntary consecration or
cosmetic adj. Pertaining to the art of passage of water through a bank or under a road, relinquishment of something to an end or
beautifying, especially the complexion. canal. cause.
cosmic adj. Pertaining to the universe. cupidity n. Avarice. deduce v. To derive or draw as a conclusion by
cosmogony n. A doctrine of creation or of curable adj. Capable of being remedied or reasoning from given premises or principles.
the origin of the universe. corrected. deface v. To mar or disfigure the face or
cosmography n. The science that describes curator n. A person having charge as of a library external surface of.
the universe, including astronomy, or museum. defalcate v. To cut off or take away, as a part
geography, and geology. curio n. A piece of bric-a-brac. of something.
cosmology n. The general science of the cursive adj. Writing in which the letters are defamation n. Malicious and groundless injury
universe. joined together. done to the reputation or good name of another.
cosmopolitan adj. Common to all the world. cursory adj. Rapid and superficial. defame v. To slander.
cosmopolitanism n. A cosmopolitan curt adj. Concise, compressed, and abrupt in act default n. The neglect or omission of a legal
character. or expression. requirement.
cosmos n. The world or universe considered curtail v. To cut off or cut short. defendant n. A person against whom a suit is
as a system, perfect in order and curtsy n. A downward movement of the body by brought.
arrangement. bending the knees. defensible adj. Capable of being maintained or
counter-claim n. A cross-demand alleged by cycloid adj. Like a circle. justified.
a defendant in his favor against the plaintiff. cygnet n. A young swan. defensive adj. Carried on in resistance to
counteract v. To act in opposition to. cynical adj. Exhibiting moral skepticism. aggression.
counterbalance v. To oppose with an equal cynicism n. Contempt for the opinions of others defer v. To delay or put off to some other time.
force. and of what others value. deference n. Respectful submission or
countercharge v. To accuse in return. cynosure n. That to which general interest or yielding, as to another's opinion, wishes, or
counterfeit adj. Made to resemble something attention is directed. judgment.
else. daring adj. Brave.
defiant adj. Characterized by bold or insolent denude v. To strip the covering from. dexterity n. Readiness, precision, efficiency,
opposition. denunciation n. The act of declaring an action or and ease in any physical activity or in any
Deficiency n. Lack or insufficiency. person worthy of reprobation or punishment. mechanical work.
deficient adj. Not having an adequate or deplete v. To reduce or lessen, as by use, diabolic adj. Characteristic of the devil.
proper supply or amount. exhaustion, or waste. diacritical adj. Marking a difference.
definite adj. Having an exact signification or deplorable adj. Contemptible. diagnose v. To distinguish, as a disease, by its
positive meaning. deplore v. To regard with grief or sorrow. characteristic phenomena.
deflect v. To cause to turn aside or deponent adj. Laying down. diagnosis n. Determination of the distinctive
downward. depopulate v. To remove the inhabitants from. nature of a disease.
deforest v. To clear of forests. deport v. To take or send away forcibly, as to a dialect n. Forms of speech collectively that are
deform v. To disfigure. penal colony. peculiar to the people of a particular district.
deformity n. A disfigurement. deportment n. Demeanor. dialectician n. A logician.
defraud v. To deprive of something deposition n. Testimony legally taken on dialogue n. A formal conversation in which
dishonestly. interrogatories and reduced to writing, for use as two or more take part.
defray v. To make payment for. evidence in court. diaphanous adj. Transparent.
degeneracy n. A becoming worse. depositor n. One who makes a deposit, or has an diatomic adj. Containing only two atoms.
degenerate v. To become worse or inferior. amount deposited. diatribe n. A bitter or malicious criticism.
degradation n. Diminution, as of strength or depository n. A place where anything is kept in dictum n. A positive utterance.
magnitude. safety. didactic adj. Pertaining to teaching.
degrade v. To take away honors or position deprave v. To render bad, especially morally difference n. Dissimilarity in any respect.
from. bad. differentia n. Any essential characteristic of a
dehydrate v. To deprive of water. deprecate v. To express disapproval or regret species by reason of which it differs from other
deify v. To regard or worship as a god. for, with hope for the opposite. species.
deign v. To deem worthy of notice or depreciate v. To lessen the worth of. Differential adj. Distinctive.
account. depreciation n. A lowering in value or an differentiate v. To acquire a distinct and
deist n. One who believes in God, but denies underrating in worth. separate character.
supernatural revelation. depress v. To press down. diffidence n. Self-distrust.
deity n. A god, goddess, or divine person. depression n. A falling of the spirits. diffident adj. Affected or possessed with self-
deject v. To dishearten. depth n. Deepness. distrust.
dejection n. Melancholy. derelict adj. Neglectful of obligation. diffusible adj. Spreading rapidly through the
delectable adj. Delightful to the taste or to deride v. To ridicule. system and acting quickly.
the senses. derisible adj. Open to ridicule. diffusion n. Dispersion.
delectation n. Delight. derision n. Ridicule. dignitary n. One who holds high rank.
deleterious adj. Hurtful, morally or derivation n. That process by which a word is digraph n. A union of two characters
physically. traced from its original root or primitive form and representing a single sound.
delicacy n. That which is agreeable to a fine meaning. digress v. To turn aside from the main subject
taste. derivative adj. Coming or acquired from some and for a time dwell on some incidental matter.
delineate v. To represent by sketch or origin. dilapidated pa. Fallen into decay or partial
diagram. derive v. To deduce, as from a premise. ruin.
deliquesce v. To dissolve gradually and dermatology n. The branch of medical science dilate v. To enlarge in all directions.
become liquid by absorption of moisture which relates to the skin and its diseases. dilatory adj. Tending to cause delay.
from the air. derrick n. An apparatus for hoisting and dilemma n. A situation in which a choice
delirious adj. Raving. swinging great weights. between opposing modes of conduct is
delude v. To mislead the mind or judgment descendant n. One who is descended lineally necessary.
of. from another, as a child, grandchild, etc. dilettante n. A superficial amateur.
deluge v. To overwhelm with a flood of descendent adj. Proceeding downward. diligence n. Careful and persevering effort to
water. descent n. The act of moving or going accomplish what is undertaken.
delusion n. Mistaken conviction, especially downward. dilute v. To make more fluid or less
when more or less enduring. descry v. To discern. concentrated by admixture with something.
demagnetize v. To deprive (a magnet) of desert v. To abandon without regard to the diminution n. Reduction.
magnetism. welfare of the abandoned dimly adv. Obscurely.
demagogue n. An unprincipled politician. desiccant n. Any remedy which, when applied diphthong n. The sound produced by
demeanor n. Deportment. externally, dries up or absorbs moisture, as that of combining two vowels in to a single syllable or
demented adj. Insane. wounds. running together the sounds.
demerit n. A mark for failure or bad conduct. designate v. To select or appoint, as by authority. diplomacy n. Tact, shrewdness, or skill in
demise n. Death. desist v. To cease from action. conducting any kind of negotiations or in social
demobilize v. To disband, as troops. desistance n. Cessation. matters.
demolish v. To annihilate. despair n. Utter hopelessness and despondency. diplomat n. A representative of one sovereign
demonstrable adj. Capable of positive proof. desperado n. One without regard for law or life. state at the capital or court of another.
demonstrate v. To prove indubitably. desperate adj. Resorted to in a last extremity, or diplomatic adj. Characterized by special tact in
demonstrative adj. Inclined to strong as if prompted by utter despair. negotiations.
exhibition or expression of feeling or despicable adj. Contemptible. diplomatist n. One remarkable for tact and
thoughts. despite prep. In spite of. shrewd management.
demonstrator n. One who proves in a despond v. To lose spirit, courage, or hope. disagree v. To be opposite in opinion.
convincing and conclusive manner. despondent adj. Disheartened. disallow v. To withhold permission or
demulcent n. Any application soothing to an despot n. An absolute and irresponsible monarch. sanction.
irritable surface despotism n. Any severe and strict rule in which disappear v. To cease to exist, either actually
demurrage n. the detention of a vessel the judgment of the governed has little or no part. or for the time being.
beyond the specified time of sailing. destitute adj. Poverty-stricken. disappoint v. To fail to fulfill the expectation,
dendroid adj. Like a tree. desultory adj. Not connected with what precedes. hope, wish, or desire of.
dendrology n. The natural history of trees. deter v. To frighten away. disapprove v. To regard with blame.
denizen n. Inhabitant. deteriorate v. To grow worse. disarm v. To deprive of weapons.
denominate v. To give a name or epithet to. determinate adj. Definitely limited or fixed. disarrange v. To throw out of order.
denomination n. A body of Christians united determination n. The act of deciding. disavow v. To disclaim responsibility for.
by a common faith and form of worship and deterrent adj. Hindering from action through disavowal n. Denial.
discipline. fear. disbeliever n. One who refuses to believe.
detest v. To dislike or hate with intensity. disburden v. To disencumber.
denominator n. Part of a fraction which detract v. To take away in such manner as to disburse v. To pay out or expend, as money
expresses the number of equal parts into lessen value or estimation. from a fund.
which the unit is divided. detriment n. Something that causes damage, discard v. To reject.
depreciation, or loss. discernible adj. Perceivable.
denote v. To designate by word or mark. detrude v. To push down forcibly. disciple n. One who believes the teaching of
deviate v. To take a different course. another, or who adopts and follows some
denouement n. That part of a play or story in devilry n. Malicious mischief. doctrine.
which the mystery is cleared up. deviltry n. Wanton and malicious mischief. disciplinary adj. Having the nature of
denounce v. To point out or publicly accuse devious adj. Out of the common or regular track. systematic training or subjection to authority.
as deserving of punishment, censure, or devise v. To invent. discipline v. To train to obedience.
odium. devout adj. Religious. disclaim v. To disavow any claim to,
dentifrice n. Any preparation used for connection with, or responsibility to.
cleaning the teeth. discolor v. To stain.
discomfit v. To put to confusion. dissolute adj. Lewd. donee n. A person to whom a donation is
discomfort n. The state of being positively dissolution n. A breaking up of a union of made.
uncomfortable. persons. donor n. One who makes a donation or
disconnect v. To undo or dissolve the dissolve v. To liquefy or soften, as by heat or present.
connection or association of. moisture. dormant adj. Being in a state of or resembling
disconsolate adj. Grief-stricken. dissonance n. Discord. sleep.
discontinuance n. Interruption or dissonant adj. Harsh or disagreeable in sound. doublet n. One of a pair of like things.
intermission. dissuade v. To change the purpose or alter the doubly adv. In twofold degree or extent.
Discord n. Absence of harmoniousness. plans of by persuasion, counsel, or pleading. dowry n. The property which a wife brings to
discountenance v. To look upon with dissuasion n. The act of changing the purpose of her husband in marriage.
disfavor. or altering the plans of through persuasion, or drachma n. A modern and an ancient Greek
discover v. To get first sight or knowledge pleading. coin.
of, as something previously unknown or disyllable n. A word of two syllables. dragnet n. A net to be drawn along the bottom
unperceived. distemper n. A disease or malady. of the water.
discredit v. To injure the reputation of. distend v. To stretch out or expand in every dragoon n. In the British army, a cavalryman.
discreet adj. Judicious. direction. drainage n. The means of draining
discrepant adj. Opposite. distensible adj. Capable of being stretched out or collectively, as a system of conduits, trenches,
discriminate v. To draw a distinction. expanded in every direction. pipes, etc.
discursive adj. Passing from one subject to distention n. Expansion. dramatist n. One who writes plays.
another. distill v. To extract or produce by vaporization dramatize v. To relate or represent in a
discussion n. Debate. and condensation. dramatic or theatrical manner.
disenfranchise v. To deprive of any right distillation n. Separation of the more volatile drastic adj. Acting vigorously.
privilege or power parts of a substance from those less volatile. drought n. Dry weather, especially when so
disengage v. To become detached. distiller n. One occupied in the business of long continued as to cause vegetation to wither.
disfavor n. Disregard. distilling alcoholic liquors. drowsy adj. Heavy with sleepiness.
disfigure v. To impair or injure the beauty, distinction n. A note or designation of honor, drudgery n. Hard and constant work in any
symmetry, or appearance of. officially recognizing superiority or success in menial or dull occupation.
dishabille n. Undress or negligent attire. studies. dubious adj. Doubtful.
dishonest adj. Untrustworthy. distort v. To twist into an unnatural or irregular duckling n. A young duck.
disillusion v. To disenchant. form. ductile adj. Capable of being drawn out, as into
disinfect v. To remove or destroy the poison distrain v. To subject a person to distress. wire or a thread.
of infectious or contagious diseases. distrainor n. One who subjects a person to duet n. A composition for two voices or
disinfectant n. A substance used to destroy distress. instruments.
the germs of infectious diseases. distraught adj. Bewildered. dun v. To make a demand or repeated demands
disinherit v. To deprive of an inheritance. distrust n. Lack of confidence in the power, on for payment.
disinterested adj. Impartial. wisdom, or good intent of any person. duplex adj. Having two parts.
disjunctive adj. Helping or serving to disunion n. Separation of relations or interests. uplicity n. Double-dealing.
disconnect or separate. diurnal adj. Daily. durance n. Confinement.
dislocate v. To put out of proper place or divagation n. Digression. duration n. The period of time during which
order. divergent adj. Tending in different directions. anything lasts.
dismissal n. Displacement by authority from diverse adj. Capable of various forms. duteous adj. Showing submission to natural
an office or an employment. diversion n. Pastime. superiors.
dismount v. To throw down, push off, or diversity n. Dissimilitude. dutiable adj. Subject to a duty, especially a
otherwise remove from a horse or the like. divert v. To turn from the accustomed course or customs duty.
disobedience n. Neglect or refusal to comply a line of action already established. dutiful adj. Obedient.
with an authoritative injunction. divertible adj. Able to be turned from the dwindle v. To diminish or become less.
disobedient adj. Neglecting or refusing to accustomed course or a line of action already dyne n. The force which, applied to a mass of
obey. established. one gram for 1 second, would give it a velocity
disown v. To refuse to acknowledge as one's divest v. To strip, specifically of clothes, of 1 cm/s.
own or as connected with oneself. ornaments, or accouterments or disinvestment. earnest adj. Ardent in spirit and speech.
disparage v. To regard or speak of divination n. The pretended forecast of future earthenware n. Anything made of clay and
slightingly. events or discovery of what is lost or hidden. baked in a kiln or dried in the sun.
disparity n. Inequality. divinity n. The quality or character of being eatable adj. Edible.
dispel v. To drive away by or as by scattering godlike. ebullient adj. Showing enthusiasm or
in different directions. divisible adj. Capable of being separated into exhilaration of feeling.
dispensation n. That which is bestowed on or parts. eccentric adj. Peculiar.
appointed to one from a higher power. divisor n. That by which a number or quantity is eccentricity n. Idiosyncrasy.
displace v. To put out of the proper or divided. eclipse n. The obstruction of a heavenly body
accustomed place. divulge v. To tell or make known, as something by its entering into the shadow of another body.
dispossess v. To deprive of actual occupancy, previously private or secret. economize v. To spend sparingly.
especially of real estate. divulgence n. A divulging. ecstasy n. Rapturous excitement or exaltation.
disputation n. Verbal controversy. docile adj. Easy to manage. ecstatic adj. Enraptured.
disqualify v. To debar. docket n. The registry of judgments of a court. edible adj. Suitable to be eaten.
disquiet v. To deprive of peace or tranquility. doe n. The female of the deer. edict n. That which is uttered or proclaimed by
disregard v. To take no notice of. dogma n. A statement of religious faith or duty authority as a rule of action.
disreputable adj. Dishonorable or formulated by a body claiming authority. Edify v. To build up, or strengthen, especially
disgraceful. dogmatic adj. Making statements without in morals or religion.
disrepute n. A bad name or character. argument or evidence. editorial n. An article in a periodical written by
disrobe v. To unclothe. dogmatize v. To make positive assertions the editor and published as an official
disrupt v. To burst or break asunder. without supporting them by argument or argument.
dissatisfy v. To displease. evidence. educe v. To draw out.
dissect v. To cut apart or to pieces. doleful adj. Melancholy. efface v. To obliterate.
dissection n. The act or operation of cutting dolesome adj. Melancholy. effect n. A consequence.
in pieces, specifically of a plant or an animal. dolor n. Lamentation. effective adj. Fit for a destined purpose.
dissemble v. To hide by pretending dolorous adj. Expressing or causing sorrow or effectual adj. Efficient.
something different. pain. effeminacy n. Womanishness.
disseminate v. To sow or scatter abroad, as domain n. A sphere or field of action or interest. effeminate adj. Having womanish traits or
seed is sown. domesticity n. Life in or fondness for one's home qualities.
dissension n. Angry or violent difference of and family. effervesce v. To bubble up.
opinion. domicile n. The place where one lives. effervescent adj. Giving off bubbles of gas.
dissent n. Disagreement. dominance n. Ascendancy. effete adj. Exhausted, as having performed its
dissentient n. One who disagrees. dominant adj. Conspicuously prominent. functions.
dissentious adj. Contentious. dominate v. To influence controllingly. efficacious adj. Effective.
dissertation n. Thesis. domination n. Control by the exercise of power efficacy n. The power to produce an intended
disservice n. An ill turn. or constituted authority. effect as shown in the production of it.
dissever v. To divide. domineer v. To rule with insolence or efficiency n. The state of possessing adequate
dissimilar adj. Different. unnecessary annoyance. skill or knowledge for the performance of a
dissipate v. To disperse or disappear. donate v. To bestow as a gift, especially for a duty.
dissipation n. The state of being dispersed or worthy cause. efficient adj. Having and exercising the power
scattered. donator n. One who makes a donation or present. to produce effects or results.
efflorescence n. The state of being flowery, emphatic adj. Spoken with any special epicycloid n. A curve traced by a point on the
or a flowery appearance. impressiveness laid upon an act, word, or set of circumference of a circle which rolls upon
efflorescent adj. Opening in flower. words. another circle.
effluvium n. A noxious or ill-smelling employee n. One who works for wages or a epidemic n. Wide -spread occurrence of a
exhalation from decaying or putrefying salary. disease in a certain region.
matter. employer n. One who uses or engages the epidermis n. The outer skin.
effrontery n. Unblushing impudence. services of other persons for pay. epigram n. A pithy phrasing of a shrewd
effulgence n. Splendor. emporium n. A bazaar or shop. observation.
effuse v. To pour forth. empower v. To delegate authority to. epilogue n. The close of a narrative or dramatic
effusion n. an outpouring. emulate v. To imitate with intent to equal or poem.
egoism n. The theory that places man's chief surpass. epiphany n. Any appearance or bodily
good in the completeness of self. Enact v. To make into law, as by legislative act. manifestation of a deity.
egoist n. One who advocates or practices enamor v. To inspire with ardent love. episode n. An incident or story in a literary
egoism. encamp v. To pitch tents for a resting-place. work, separable from yet growing out of it.
egotism n. Self-conceit. encomium n. A formal or discriminating epitaph n. An inscription on a tomb or
egotist n. One given to self-mention or who expression of praise. monument in honor or in memory of the dead.
is constantly telling of his own views and encompass v. To encircle. epithet n. Word used adjectivally to describe
experiences. encore n. The call for a repetition, as of some some quality or attribute of is objects, as in
egregious adj. Extreme. part of a play or performance. “Father Aeneas.”
egress n. Any place of exit. encourage v. To inspire with courage, hope, or epitome n. A simplified representation.
eject v. To expel. strength of mind. epizootic adj. Prevailing among animals.
elapse v. To quietly terminate: said of time. encroach v. To invade partially or insidiously epoch n. A interval of time, memorable for
elasticity n. That property of matter by which and appropriate the possessions of another. extraordinary events.
a body tends to return to a former shape after encumber v. To impede with obstacles. epode n. A species of lyric poems.
being changed. encyclical adj. Intended for general circulation. equalize v. To render uniform.
electrolysis n. The process of decomposing a encyclopedia n. A work containing information equanimity n. Evenness of mind or temper.
chemical compound by the passage of an on subjects, or exhaustive of one subject. equestrian adj. Pertaining to horses or
electric current. endanger v. To expose to peril. horsemanship.
electrotype n. A metallic copy of any endear v. To cause to be loved. equilibrium n. A state of balance.
surface, as a coin. endemic adj. Peculiar to some specified country equitable adj. Characterized by fairness.
elegy n. A lyric poem lamenting the dead. or people. equity n. Fairness or impartiality.
element n. A component or essential part. endue v. To endow with some quality, gift, or equivalent adj. Equal in value, force, meaning,
elicit v. To educe or extract gradually or grace, usually spiritual. or the like.
without violence. endurable adj. Tolerable. equivocal adj. Ambiguous.
eligible adj. Qualified for selection. endurance n. equivocate v. To use words of double
eliminate v. To separate and cast aside. energetic adj. Working vigorously. meaning.
Elizabethan adj. Relating to Elizabeth, enervate v. To render ineffective or inoperative. eradicate v. To destroy thoroughly.
queen of England, or to her era. enfeeble v. To debilitate. errant adj. Roving or wandering, as in search
elocution n. The art of correct intonation, enfranchise v. To endow with a privilege, of adventure or opportunity for gallant deeds.
inflection, and gesture in public speaking or especially with the right to vote. erratic adj. Irregular.
reading. engender v. To produce. erroneous adj. Incorrect.
eloquent adj. Having the ability to express engrave v. To cut or carve in or upon some erudite adj. Very-learned.
emotion or feeling in lofty and impassioned surface. erudition n. Extensive knowledge of literature,
speech. Engross v. To occupy completely. history, language, etc.
elucidate v. To bring out more clearly the enhance v. To intensify. eschew v. To keep clear of.
facts concerning. enigma n. A riddle. espy v. To keep close watch.
elude v. To evade the search or pursuit of by enjoin v. To command. esquire n. A title of dignity, office, or courtesy.
dexterity or artifice. enkindle v. To set on fire. essence n. That which makes a thing to be what
elusion n. Evasion. enlighten v. To cause to see clearly. it is.
emaciate v. To waste away in flesh. enlist v. To enter voluntarily the military service esthetic adj. Pertaining to beauty, taste, or the
emanate v. To flow forth or proceed, as from by formal enrollment. fine arts.
some source. enmity n. Hatred. estimable adj. Worthy of respect.
emancipate v. To release from bondage. ennoble v. To dignify. estrange v. To alienate.
embargo n. Authoritative stoppage of foreign enormity n. Immensity. estuary n. A wide lower part of a tidal river.
commerce or of any special trade. enormous adj. Gigantic. et cetera Latin. And so forth.
embark v. To make a beginning in some enrage v. To infuriate. eugenic adj. Relating to the development and
occupation or scheme. enrapture v. To delight extravagantly or improvement of race.
embarrass v. To render flustered or agitated. intensely. eulogize v. To speak or write a laudation of a
embellish v. To make beautiful or elegant by enshrine v. To keep sacred. person's life or character.
adding attractive or ornamental features. ensnare v. To entrap. eulogy n. A spoken or written laudation of a
embezzle v. To misappropriate secretly. entail v. To involve; necessitate. person's life or character.
emblazon v. To set forth publicly or in entangle v. To involve in difficulties, confusion, euphemism n. A figure of speech by which a
glowing terms. or complications. phrase less offensive is substituted.
emblem n. A symbol. enthrall v. To bring or hold under any euphonious adj. Characterized by
embody v. To express, formulate, or overmastering influence. agreeableness of sound.
exemplify in a concrete, compact or visible enthrone v. To invest with sovereign power. euphony n. Agreeableness of sound.
form. enthuse v. To yield to or display intense and eureka Greek. I have found it.
embolden v. To give courage to. rapturous feeling. evade v. To avoid by artifice.
embolism n. An obstruction or plugging up enthusiastic adj. Full of zeal and fervor. evanesce v. To vanish gradually.
of an artery or other blood-vessel. entirety n. A complete thing. evanescent adj. Fleeting.
embroil v. To involve in dissension or strife. entomology n. The branch of zoology that treats evangelical adj. Seeking the conversion of
emerge v. To come into view or into of insects. sinners.
existence. entrails n. pl. The internal parts of an animal. evangelist n. A preacher who goes from place
emergence n. A coming into view. entreaty n. An earnest request. to place holding services.
emergent adj. Coming into view. entree n. The act of entering. evasion n. Escape.
emeritus adj. Retired from active service but entrench v. To fortify or protect, as with a trench eventual adj. Ultimate.
retained to an honorary position. or ditch and wall. evert v. To turn inside out.
emigrant n. One who moves from one place entwine v. To interweave. evict v. To dispossess pursuant to judicial
to settle in another. enumerate v. To name one by one. decree.
emigrate v. epic n. A poem celebrating in formal verse the evidential adj. Indicative.
eminence n. An elevated position with mythical achievements of great personages, evince v. To make manifest or evident.
respect to rank, place, character, condition, heroes, etc. evoke v. To call or summon forth.
etc. epicure n. One who cultivates a delicate taste for evolution n. Development or growth.
eminent adj. High in station, merit, or eating and drinking. evolve v. To unfold or expand.
esteem. Epicurean adj. Indulging, ministering, or exacerbate v. To make more sharp, severe, or
emit v. To send or give out. pertaining to daintiness of appetite. virulent.
emphasis n. epicycle n. A circle that rolls upon the external or exaggerate v. To overstate.
emphasize v. To articulate or enunciate with internal circumference of another circle. exasperate v. To excite great anger in.
special impressiveness upon a word, or a excavate v. To remove by digging or scooping
group of words. out.
exceed v. To go beyond, as in measure, expiate v. To make satisfaction or amends for. fealty n. Loyalty.
quality, value, action, power, skill, etc. explicate v. To clear from involvement. feasible adj. That may be done, performed, or
excel v. To be superior or distinguished. explicit adj. Definite. effected; practicable.
excellence n. Possession of eminently or explode v. To cause to burst in pieces by force federate v. To league together.
unusually good qualities. from within. feint n. Any sham, pretense, or deceptive
excellency n. A title of honor bestowed upon explosion n. A sudden and violent outbreak. movement.
various high officials. explosive adj. Pertaining to a sudden and violent felicitate v. To wish joy or happiness to,
excellent adj. Possessing distinguished merit. outbreak. especially in view of a coming event.
excerpt n. An extract or selection from exposition n. Formal presentation. felicity n. A state of well-founded happiness.
written or printed matter. expository adj. Pertaining to a formal felon n. A criminal or depraved person.
excess n. That which passes the ordinary, presentation. felonious adj. Showing criminal or evil
proper, or required limit, measure, or expostulate v. To discuss. purpose.
experience. exposure n. An open situation or position in felony n. One of the highest class of offenses,
excitable adj. Nervously high-strung. relation to the sun, elements, or points of the and punishable with death or imprisonment.
excitation n. Intensified emotion or action. compass. feminine adj. Characteristic of woman or
exclamation n. An abrupt or emphatic expressive adj. Full of meaning. womankind.
expression of thought or of feeling. expulsion n. Forcible ejection. fernery n. A place in which ferns are grown.
exclude v. To shut out purposely or forcibly. extant adj. Still existing and known. ferocious adj. Of a wild, fierce, and savage
exclusion n. Non-admission. extemporaneous adj. Done or made without nature.
excrescence n. Any unnatural addition, much or any preparation. extempore adv. ferocity n. Savageness.
outgrowth, or development. Without studied or special preparation. fervent adj. Ardent in feeling.
excretion n. The getting rid of waste matter. extensible adj. Capable of being thrust out. fervid adj. Intense.
excruciate v. To inflict severe pain or agony extension n. A reaching or stretching out, as in fervor n. Ardor or intensity of feeling.
upon. space, time or scope. festal adj. Joyous.
excursion n. A journey. extensive adj. Extended widely in space, time, or festive adj. Merry.
excusable adj. Justifiable. scope. fete n. A festival or feast.
execrable adj. Abominable. extensor n. A muscle that causes extension. fetus n. The young in the womb or in the egg.
execration n. An accursed thing. extenuate v. To diminish the gravity or feudal adj. Pertaining to the relation of lord
executor n. A person nominated by the will importance of. and vassal.
of another to execute the will. exterior n. That which is outside. feudalism n. The feudal system.
exegesis n. Biblical exposition or external n. Anything relating or belonging to the fez n. A brimless felt cap in the shape of a
interpretation. outside. truncated cone, usually red with a black tassel.
exemplar n. A model, pattern, or original to extinct adj. Being no longer in existence. fiasco n. A complete or humiliating failure.
be copied or imitated. extinguish v. To render extinct. fickle adj. Unduly changeable in feeling,
exemplary adj. Fitted to serve as a model or extol v. To praise in the highest terms. judgment, or purpose.
example worthy of imitation. extort v. To obtain by violence, threats, fictitious adj. Created or formed by the
exemplify v. To show by example. compulsion, or the subjection of another to some imagination.
exempt adj. Free, clear, or released, as from necessity. fidelity n. Loyalty.
some liability, or restriction affecting others. extortion n. The practice of obtaining by fiducial adj. Indicative of faith or trust.
exert v. To make an effort. violence or compulsion. fief n. A landed estate held under feudal tenure.
exhale v. To breathe forth. extradite v. To surrender the custody of. filibuster n. One who attempts to obstruct
exhaust v. To empty by draining off the extradition n. The surrender by a government of legislation.
contents. a person accused of crime to the justice of finale n. Concluding performance.
exhaustible adj. Causing or tending to cause another government. finality n. The state or quality of being final or
exhaustion. extrajudicial adj. Happening out of court. complete.
exhaustion n. Deprivation of strength or extraneous adj. Having no essential relation to a finally adv. At last.
energy. subject. financial adj. Monetary.
exhaustive adj. Thorough and complete in extraordinary adj. Unusual. financier n. One skilled in or occupied with
execution. extravagance n. Undue expenditure of money. financial affairs or operations.
exhilarate v. To fill with high or cheerful extravagant adj. Needlessly free or lavish in finery n. That which is used to decorate the
spirits. expenditure. person or dress.
exhume v. To dig out of the earth (what has extremist n. One who supports extreme measures finesse n. Subtle contrivance used to gain a
been buried). or holds extreme views. point.
exigency n. A critical period or condition. extremity n. The utmost point, side, or border, or finite adj. Limited.
exigent adj. Urgent. that farthest removed from a mean position. fiscal adj. Pertaining to the treasury or public
existence n. Possession or continuance of extricate v. Disentangle. finances of a government.
being. extrude v. To drive out or away. fishmonger n. One who sells fish.
exit n. A way or passage out. exuberance n. Rich supply. fissure n. A crack or crack-like depression.
exodus n. A going forth or departure from a exuberant adj. Marked by great plentifulness. fitful adj. Spasmodic.
place or country, especially of many people. fabricate v. To invent fancifully or falsely. fixture n. One who or that which is expected to
exonerate v. To relieve or vindicate from fabulous adj. Incredible. remain permanently in its position.
accusation, imputation, or blame. facet n. One of the small triangular plane flag-officer n. The captain of a flag-ship.
exorbitance n. Extravagance or enormity. surfaces of a diamond or other gem. flagrant adj. Openly scandalous.
exorbitant adj. Going beyond usual and facetious adj. Amusing. flamboyant adj. Characterized by
proper limits. facial adj. Pertaining to the face. extravagance and in general by want of good
exorcise v. To cast or drive out by religious facile adj. Not difficult to do. taste.
or magical means. facilitate v. To make more easy. flatulence n. Accumulation of gas in the
exotic adj. Foreign. facility n. Ease. stomach and bowels.
expand v. To increase in range or scope. facsimile n. An exact copy or reproduction. flection n. The act of bending.
expanse n. A continuous area or stretch. faction n. A number of persons combined for a fledgling n. A young bird.
expansion n. Increase of amount, size, scope, common purpose. flexible adj. Pliable.
or the like. factious adj. Turbulent. flimsy adj. Thin and weak.
expatriate v. To drive from one's own fallacious adj. Illogical. flippant adj. Having a light, pert, trifling
country. fallacy n. Any unsound or delusive mode of disposition.
expect v. To look forward to as certain or reasoning, or anything based on such reasoning. floe n. A collection of tabular masses of
probable. fallible adj. Capable of erring. floating polar ice.
expectancy n. The act or state of looking fallow n. Land broken up and left to become flora n. The aggregate of plants growing
forward to as certain or probable. mellow or to rest. without cultivation in a district.
expectorate v. To cough up and spit forth. famish v. To suffer extremity of hunger or thirst. floral adj. Pertaining to flowers.
expediency n. Fitness to meet the fanatic n. A religious zealot. florid adj. Flushed with red.
requirements of a particular case. fancier n. One having a taste for or interest in florist n. A dealer in flowers.
expedient adj. Contributing to personal special objects. fluctuate v. To pass backward and forward
advantage. fanciless adj. Unimaginative. irregularly from one state or degree to another.
expedite v. To hasten the movement or fastidious adj. Hard to please. fluctuation n. Frequent irregular change back
progress of. fathom n. A measure of length, 6 feet. and forth from one state or degree to another.
expeditious adj. Speedy. fatuous adj. Idiotic flue n. A smoke-duct in a chimney.
expend v. To spend. faulty adj. Imperfect. fluent adj. Having a ready or easy flow of
expense n. The laying out or expending or faun n. One of a class of deities of the woods and words or ideas.
money or other resources, as time or strength. herds represented as half human, with goats feet. fluential adj. Pertaining to streams.
fawn n. A young deer.
flux n. A state of constant movement, freethinker n. One who rejects authority or generally adv. Ordinarily.
change, or renewal. inspiration in religion. generate v. To produce or cause to be.
foggy adj. Obscure. free trade n. Commerce unrestricted by tariff or generic adj. Noting a genus or kind; opposed to
foible n. A personal weakness or failing. customs. specific.
foist v. To palm off. frequency n. The comparative number of any generosity n. A disposition to give liberally or
foliage n. Any growth of leaves. kind of occurrences within a given time or space. to bestow favors heartily.
folio n. A sheet of paper folded once, or of a fresco n. The art of painting on a surface of genesis n. Creation.
size adapted to folding once. plaster, particularly on walls and ceilings. geniality n. Warmth and kindliness of
folklore n. The traditions, beliefs, and freshness n. The state, quality, or degree of being disposition.
customs of the common people. fresh. genital adj. Of or pertaining to the animal
fondle v. To handle tenderly and lovingly. fretful adj. Disposed to peevishness. reproductive organs.
foolery n. Folly. frightful adj. Apt to induce terror or alarm. genitive adj. Indicating source, origin,
foot-note n. A note of explanation or frigid adj. Lacking warmth. possession, or the like.
comment at the foot of a page or column. frigidarium n. A room kept at a low temperature genteel adj. Well-bred or refined.
foppery n. Dandyism. for preserving fruits, meat, etc. gentile adj. Belonging to a people not Jewish.
foppish adj. Characteristic of one who is frivolity n. A trifling act, thought, saying, or geology n. The department of natural science
unduly devoted to dress and the niceties of practice. that treats of the constitution and structure of
manners. frivolous adj. Trivial. the earth.
forbearance n. Patient endurance or frizz v. To give a crinkled, fluffy appearance to. germane adj. Relevant.
toleration of offenses. frizzle v. To cause to crinkle or curl, as the hair. germinate v. To begin to develop into an
forby adv. Besides. frolicsome adj. Prankish. embryo or higher form.
forcible adj. Violent. frontier n. The part of a nation's territory that gestation n. Pregnancy.
forecourt n. A court opening directly from abuts upon another country. gesticulate v. To make gestures or motions, as
the street. frowzy adj. Slovenly in appearance. in speaking, or in place of speech.
forejudge v. To judge of before hearing frugal adj. Economical. gesture n. A movement or action of the hands
evidence. fruition n. Fulfillment. or face, expressive of some idea or emotion.
forepeak n. The extreme forward part of a fugacious adj. Fleeting. ghastly adj. Hideous.
ship's hold, under the lowest deck. fulcrum n. The support on or against which a gibe v. To utter taunts or reproaches.
foreshore n. That part of a shore uncovered lever rests, or the point about which it turns. giddy adj. Affected with a whirling or
at low tide. fulminate v. To cause to explode. swimming sensation in the head.
forebode v. To be an omen or warning sign fulsome adj. Offensive from excess of praise or gigantic adj. Tremendous.
of, especially of evil. commendation. giver n. One who gives, in any sense.
forecast v. To predict. fumigate v. To subject to the action of smoke or glacial adj. Icy, or icily cold.
forecastle n. That part of the upper deck of a fumes, especially for disinfection. glacier n. A field or stream of ice.
ship forward of the after fore-shrouds. functionary n. An official. gladden v. To make joyous.
foreclose v. To bar by judicial proceedings fundamental adj. Basal. glazier n. One who cuts and fits panes of glass,
the equitable right of a mortgagor to redeem fungible adj. That may be measured, counted, or as for windows.
property. weighed. glimmer n. A faint, wavering, unsteady light.
forefather n. An ancestor. fungous adj. Spongy. glimpse n. A momentary look.
forego v. To deny oneself the pleasure or fungus n. A plant destitute of chlorophyll, as a globose adj. Spherical.
profit of. mushroom. globular adj. Spherical.
foreground n. That part of a landscape or furbish v. To restore brightness or beauty to. glorious adj. Of excellence and splendor.
picture situated or represented as nearest the furlong n. A measure, one-eighth of a mile. glutinous adj. Sticky.
spectator. furlough n. A temporary absence of a soldier or gluttonous adj. Given to excess in eating.
forehead n. The upper part of the face, sailor by permission of the commanding officer. gnash v. To grind or strike the teeth together,
between the eyes and the hair. furrier n. A dealer in or maker of fur goods. as from rage.
foreign adj. Belonging to, situated in, or further adj. More distant or advanced. Gordian knot n. Any difficulty the only issue
derived from another country. furtherance n. Advancement. out of which is by bold or unusual manners.
foreigner n. A citizen of a foreign country. furtive adj. Stealthy or sly, like the actions of a gourmand n. A connoisseur in the delicacies
foreknowledge n. Prescience. thief. of the table.
foreman n. The head man. fuse v. To unite or blend as by melting together. gosling n. A young goose.
foreordain v. To predetermine. fusible adj. Capable of being melted by heat. gossamer adj. Flimsy.
foreordination n. Predestination. futile adj. Of no avail or effect. gourd n. A melon, pumpkin, squash, or some
forerun v. To go before as introducing or futurist n. A person of expectant temperament. similar fruit having a hard rind.
ushering in. gauge n. An instrument for measuring. graceless adj. Ungracious.
foresail n. A square sail. gaiety n. Festivity. gradation n. A step, degree, rank, or relative
foresee v. To discern beforehand. gaily adv. Merrily. position in an order or series.
foresight n. Provision against harm or need. gait n. Carriage of the body in going. gradient adj. Moving or advancing by steps.
foretell v. To predict. gallant adj. Possessing a brave or chivalrous granary n. A storehouse for grain after it is
forethought n. Premeditation. spirit. thrashed or husked.
forfeit v. To lose possession of through galore adj. Abundant. Grandeur n. The quality of being grand or
failure to fulfill some obligation. galvanic adj. Pertaining or relating to electricity admirably great.
forfend v. To ward off. produced by chemical action. grandiloquent adj. Speaking in or
forgery n. Counterfeiting. galvanism n. Current electricity, especially that characterized by a pompous or bombastic style.
forgo v. To deny oneself. arising from chemical action. grandiose adj. Having an imposing style or
formation n. Relative disposition of parts. galvanize v. To imbue with life or animation. effect.
formidable adj. Difficult to accomplish. gamble v. To risk money or other possession on grantee n. The person to whom property is
formula n. Fixed rule or set form. an event, chance, or contingency. transferred by deed.
forswear v. To renounce upon oath. gambol n. Playful leaping or frisking. grantor n. The maker of a deed.
forte n. A strong point. gamester n. A gambler. granular adj. Composed of small grains or
forth adv. Into notice or view. gamut n. The whole range or sequence. particles.
forthright adv. With directness. garnish v. In cookery, to surround with additions granulate v. To form into grains or small
fortify v. To provide with defensive works. for embellishment. particles.
fortitude n. Patient courage. garrison n. The military force stationed in a fort, granule n. A small grain or particle.
foursome adj. Consisting of four. town, or other place for its defense. grapple v. To take hold of.
fracture n. A break. garrote v. To execute by strangling. gratification n. Satisfaction.
fragile adj. Easily broken. garrulous adj. Given to constant trivial talking. gratify v. To please, as by satisfying a physical
frailty n. Liability to be broken or destroyed. gaseous adj. Light and unsubstantial. or mental desire or need.
fragile adj. Capable of being broken. gastric adj. Of, pertaining to, or near the gratuitous adj. Voluntarily.
frankincense n. A gum or resin which on stomach. gratuity n. That which is given without
burning yields aromatic fumes. gastritis n. Inflammation of the stomach. demand or claim. Tip.
frantic adj. Frenzied. gastronomy n. The art of preparing and serving gravity n. Seriousness.
fraternal adj. Brotherly. appetizing food. gregarious adj. Not habitually solitary or
fraudulence n. Deceitfulness. gendarme n. In continental Europe, particularly living alone.
fraudulent adj. Counterfeit. in France, a uniformed and armed police officer. grenadier n. A member of a regiment
fray v. To fret at the edge so as to loosen or genealogy n. A list, in the order of succession, of composed of men of great stature.
break the threads. ancestors and their descendants. grief n. Sorrow.
freemason n. A member of an ancient secret genealogist n. A tracer of pedigrees. grievance n. That which oppresses, injures, or
fraternity originally confined to skilled generality n. The principal portion. causes grief and at the same time a sense of
artisans. generalize v. To draw general inferences. wrong.
grievous adj. Creating affliction. heritage n. Birthright. hypocrite n. One who makes false professions
grimace n. A distortion of the features, hernia n. Protrusion of any internal organ in of his views or beliefs.
occasioned by some feeling of pain, disgust, whole or in part from its normal position. hypodermic adj. Pertaining to the area under
etc. hesitancy n. A pausing to consider. the skin.
grindstone n. A flat circular stone, used for hesitant adj. Vacillating. hypotenuse n. The side of a right-angled
sharpening tools. hesitation n. Vacillation. triangle opposite the right angle.
grisly adj. Fear-inspiring. heterodox adj. At variance with any commonly hypothesis n. A proposition taken for granted
grotesque adj. Incongruously composed or accepted doctrine or opinion. as a premise from which to reach a conclusion.
ill-proportioned. heterogeneity n. Unlikeness of constituent parts. hysteria n. A nervous affection occurring
grotto n. A small cavern. heterogeneous adj. Consisting of dissimilar typically in paroxysms of laughing and crying.
ground n. A pavement or floor or any elements or ingredients of different kinds. ichthyic adj. Fish-like.
supporting surface on which one may walk. heteromorphic adj. Deviating from the normal ichthyology n. The branch of zoology that
guess n. Surmise. form or standard type. treats of fishes.
guile n. Duplicity. hexangular adj. Having six angles. ichthyosaurs n. A fossil reptile.
guileless adj. Frank. hexapod adj. Having six feet. icily adv. Frigidly.
guinea n. An English monetary unit. hexagon n. A figure with six angles. iciness n. The state of being icy.
guise n. The external appearance as produced hiatus n. A break or vacancy where something icon n. An image or likeness.
by garb or costume. necessary to supply the connection is wanting. iconoclast n. An image-breaker.
gullible adj. Credulous. hibernal adj. Pertaining to winter. idealize v. To make to conform to some mental
gumption n. Common sense. Hibernian adj. Pertaining to Ireland, or its or imaginary standard.
gusto n. Keen enjoyment. people. idiom n. A use of words peculiar to a particular
guy n. Stay-rope. hideous adj. Appalling. language.
guzzle v. To swallow greedily or hastily; hilarious adj. Boisterously merry. idiosyncrasy n. A mental quality or habit
gulp. hillock n. A small hill or mound. peculiar to an individual.
gynecocracy n. Female supremacy. hinder v. To obstruct. idolize v. To regard with inordinate love or
gynecology n. The science that treats of the hindmost adj. Farthest from the front. admiration.
functions and diseases peculiar to women. hindrance n. An obstacle. ignoble adj. Low in character or purpose.
gyrate v. To revolve. hirsute adj. Having a hairy covering. ignominious adj. Shameful.
gyroscope n. An instrument for illustrating hoard v. To gather and store away for the sake of Iliad n. A Greek epic poem describing scenes
the laws of rotation. accumulation. from the siege of Troy.
habitable adj. Fit to be dwelt in. hoarse adj. Having the voice harsh or rough, as illegal adj. Not according to law.
habitant n. Dweller. from a cold or fatigue. illegible adj. Undecipherable.
habitual adj. According to usual practice. homage n. Reverential regard or worship. illegitimate adj. Unlawfully begotten.
habitude n. Customary relation or homogeneity n. Congruity of the members or illiberal adj. Stingy.
association. elements or parts. illicit adj. Unlawful.
hackney v. To make stale or trite by homogeneous adj. Made up of similar parts or illimitable adj. Boundless.
repetition. elements. illiterate adj. Having little or no book-learning.
haggard adj. Worn and gaunt in appearance. homologous adj. Identical in nature, make-up, or ill-natured adj. Surly.
halcyon adj. Calm. relation. illogical adj. Contrary to the rules of sound
hale adj. Of sound and vigorous health. homonym n. A word agreeing in sound with but thought.
handwriting n. Penmanship. different in meaning from another. illuminant n. That which may be used to
hanger-on n. A parasite. homophone n. A word agreeing in sound with produce light.
happy-go-lucky adj. Improvident. but different in meaning from another. illuminate v. To supply with light.
harangue n. A tirade. honorarium n. A token fee or payment to a illumine v. To make bright or clear.
harass v. To trouble with importunities, professional man for services. illusion n. An unreal image presented to the
cares, or annoyances. hoodwink v. To deceive. senses.
harbinger n. One who or that which foreruns horde n. A gathered multitude of human beings. illusive adj. Deceptive.
and announces the coming of any person or hosiery n. A stocking. illusory adj. Deceiving or tending to deceive,
thing. hospitable adj. Disposed to treat strangers or as by false appearance.
hard-hearted adj. Lacking pity or sympathy. guests with generous kindness. imaginable adj. That can be imagined or
hardihood n. Foolish daring. hospitality n. The practice of receiving and conceived in the mind.
harmonious adj. Concordant in sound. entertaining strangers and guests with kindness. imaginary adj. Fancied.
havoc n. Devastation. hostility n. Enmity. imbibe v. To drink or take in.
hawthorn n. A thorny shrub much used in huckster n. One who retails small wares. imbroglio n. A misunderstanding attended by
England for hedges. humane adj. Compassionate. ill feeling, perplexity, or strife.
hazard n. Risk. humanitarian n. A philanthropist. imbrue v. To wet or moisten.
head first adv. Precipitately, as in diving. humanize v. To make gentle or refined. imitation n. That which is made as a likeness
head foremost adv. Precipitately, as in humbug n. Anything intended or calculated to or copy.
diving. deceive or mislead. imitator n. One who makes in imitation.
heartrending adj. Very depressing. humiliate v. To put to shame. immaculate adj. Without spot or blemish.
heathenish adj. Irreligious. hussar n. A light-horse trooper armed with saber immaterial adj. Of no essential consequence.
heedless adj. Thoughtless. and carbine. immature adj. Not full-grown.
heifer n. A young cow. hustle v. To move with haste and promptness. immeasurable adj. Indefinitely extensive.
heinous adj. Odiously sinful. hybrid adj. Cross-bred. immense adj. Very great in degree, extent,
hemorrhage n. Discharge of blood from a hydra n. The seven- or nine-headed water- size, or quantity.
ruptured or wounded blood-vessel. serpent slain by Hercules. immerse v. To plunge or dip entirely under
hemorrhoids n. pl. Tumors composed of hydraulic adj. Involving the moving of water, of water or other fluid.
enlarged and thickened blood-vessels, at the the force exerted by water in motion. immersion n. The act of plunging or dipping
lower end of the rectum. hydrodynamics n. The branch of mechanics that entirely under water or another fluid.
henchman n. A servile assistant and treats of the dynamics of fluids. immigrant n. A foreigner who enters a country
subordinate. hydroelectric adj. Pertaining to electricity to settle there.
henpeck v. To worry or harass by ill temper developed water or steam. immigrate v. To come into a country or region
and petty annoyances. hydromechanics n. The mechanics of fluids. from a former habitat.
heptagon n. A figure having seven sides and hydrometer n. An instrument for determining imminence n. Impending evil or danger.
seven angles. the density of solids and liquids by flotation. imminent adj. Dangerous and close at hand.
heptarchy n. A group of seven governments. hydrostatics n. The branch of science that treats immiscible adj. Separating, as oil and water.
herbaceous adj. Having the character of a of the pressure and equilibrium of fluids. immoral adj. Habitually engaged in licentious
herb. hydrous adj. Watery. or lewd practices.
herbarium n. A collection of dried plants hygiene n. The branch of medical science that immortalize v. To cause to last or to be known
scientifically arranged for study. relates to improving health. or remembered throughout a great or indefinite
herbivorous adj. Feeding on herbs or other hypercritical adj. Faultfinding. length of time.
vegetable matter, as animals. hypnosis n. An artificial trance-sleep. immovable adj. Steadfast.
hereditary adj. Passing naturally from parent hypnotic adj. Tending to produce sleep. immune adj. Exempt, as from disease.
to child. hypnotism n. An artificially induced immutable adj. Unchangeable.
heredity n. Transmission of physical or somnambulistic state in which the mind readily impair v. To cause to become less or worse.
mental qualities, diseases, etc., from parent to acts on suggestion. impalpable adj. Imperceptible to the touch.
offspring. hypnotize v. To produce a somnambulistic state impartial adj. Unbiased.
heresy n. An opinion or doctrine subversive in which the mind readily acts on suggestions. impassable adj. That can not be passed
of settled beliefs or accepted principles. hypocrisy n. Extreme insincerity. through or over.
heretic n.
impassible adj. Not moved or affected by incandescent adj. White or glowing with heat. indomitable adj. Unconquerable.
feeling. incapacitate v. To deprive of power, capacity, induct v. To bring in.
impassive adj. Unmoved by or not exhibiting competency, or qualification. indulgence n. The yielding to inclination,
feeling. incapacity n. Want of power to apprehend, passion, desire, or propensity in oneself or
impatience n. Unwillingness to brook delays understand, and manage. another.
or wait the natural course of things. incarcerate v. To imprison. indulgent adj. Yielding to the desires or humor
impeccable adj. Blameless. incendiary n. Chemical or person who starts a of oneself or those under one's care.
impecunious adj. Having no money. fire-literally or figuratively. inebriate v. To intoxicate.
impede v. To be an obstacle or to place incentive n. That which moves the mind or inedible adj. Not good for food.
obstacles in the way of. inflames the passions. ineffable adj. Unutterable.
impel v. To drive or urge forward. inception n. The beginning. inefficient adj. Not accomplishing an intended
impend v. To be imminent. inceptive adj. Beginning. purpose.
imperative adj. Obligatory. incessant adj. Unceasing. inefficiency n. That which does not accomplish
imperceptible adj. Indiscernible. inchmeal adv. Piecemeal. an intended purpose.
imperfectible adj. That can not be perfected. inchoate adj. Incipient. ineligible adj. Not suitable to be selected or
imperil v. To endanger. inchoative n. That which begins, or expresses chosen.
imperious adj. Insisting on obedience. beginning. inept adj. Not fit or suitable.
impermissible adj. Not permissible. incidence n. Casual occurrence. inert adj. Inanimate.
impersonal adj. Not relating to a particular incident n. A happening in general, especially inestimable adj. Above price.
person or thing. one of little importance. inevitable adj. Unavoidable.
impersonate v. To appear or act in the incidentally adv. Without intention. inexcusable adj. Not to be justified.
character of. incinerate v. To reduce to ashes. inexhaustible adj. So large or furnishing so
impersuadable adj. Unyielding. incipience n. Beginning. great a supply as not to be emptied, wasted, or
impertinence n. Rudeness. incipient adj. Initial. spent.
imperturbable adj. Calm. incisor n. A front or cutting tooth. inexorable adj. Unrelenting.
impervious adj. Impenetrable. incite v. To rouse to a particular action. inexpedient adj. Unadvisable.
impetuosity n. Rashness. incitement n. That which moves to action, or inexpensive adj. Low-priced.
impetuous adj. Impulsive. serves as an incentive or stimulus. inexperience n. Lack of or deficiency in
impetus n. Any impulse or incentive. incoercible adj. Incapable of being forced, experience.
impiety n. Irreverence toward God. constrained, or compelled. inexplicable adj. Such as can not be made
impious adj. Characterized by irreverence or incoherence n. Want of connection, or plain.
irreligion. agreement, as of parts or ideas in thought, speech, inexpressible adj. Unutterable.
implausible adj. Not plausible. etc. inextensible adj. Of unchangeable length or
impliable adj. Capable of being inferred. incoherent adj. Not logically coordinated, as to area.
implicate v. To show or prove to be involved parts, elements, or details. infallible adj. Exempt from error of judgment,
in or concerned incombustible adj. That can not be burned. as in opinion or statement.
implicit adj. Implied. incomparable adj. Matchless. infamous adj. Publicly branded or notorious,
imply v. To signify. incompatible adj. Discordant. as for vice, or crime.
impolitic adj. Inexpedient. incompetence n. General lack of capacity or infamy n. Total loss or destitution of honor or
importation n. The act or practice of fitness. reputation.
bringing from one country into another. incompetent adj. Not having the abilities desired inference n. The derivation of a judgment from
importunate adj. Urgent in character, or necessary for any purpose. any given material of knowledge on the ground
request, or demand. incomplete adj. Lacking some element, part, or of law.
importune v. To harass with persistent adjunct necessary or required. infernal adj. Akin to or befitting hell or its
demands or entreaties. incomprehensible adj. Not understandable. occupants.
impotent adj. Destitute of or lacking in incompressible adj. Resisting all attempts to infest v. To be present in such numbers as to be
power, physical, moral, or intellectual. reduce volume by pressure. a source of annoyance, trouble, or danger.
impoverish v. To make indigent or poor. inconceivable adj. Incomprehensible. infidel n. One who denies the existence of
impracticable adj. Not feasible. incongruous adj. Unsuitable for the time, place, God.
impregnable adj. That can not be taken by or occasion. infidelity n. Disloyalty.
assault. inconsequential adj. Valueless. infinite adj. Measureless.
impregnate v. To make pregnant. inconsiderable adj. Small in quantity or infinity n. Boundless or immeasurable
impromptu n. Anything done or said on the importance. extension or duration.
impulse of the moment. inconsistent adj. Contradictory. infirm adj. Lacking in bodily or mental
improper adj. Not appropriate, suitable, or inconstant adj. Changeable. strength.
becoming. incontrovertible adj. Indisputable. infirmary n. A place for the reception or
impropriety n. The state or quality of being inconvenient adj. Interfering with comfort or treatment of the sick.
unfit, unseemly, or inappropriate. progress. infirmity n. A physical, mental, or moral
improvident adj. Lacking foresight or thrift. indefensible adj. Untenable. weakness or flaw.
improvise v. To do anything indefinitely adv. In a vague or uncertain way. inflammable adj. Easily set on fire or excited.
extemporaneously or offhand. indelible adj. That can not be blotted out, inflammation n. A morbid process in some
imprudent adj. Heedless. effaced, destroyed, or removed. part of the body characterized by heat,
impudence n. Insolent disrespect. indescribable adj. That can not be described. swelling, and pain.
impugn v. To assail with arguments, indestructible adj. That can not be destroyed. inflexible adj. That can not be altered or varied.
insinuations, or accusations. indicant adj. That which points out. influence n. Ability to sway the will of
impulsion n. Impetus. indicator n. One who or that which points out. another.
impulsive adj. Unpremeditated. indict v. To find and declare chargeable with influential adj. Having the power to sway the
impunity n. Freedom from punishment. crime. will of another.
impure adj. Tainted. indigence n. Poverty. influx n. Infusion.
impute v. To attribute. indigenous adj. Native. infrequence n. Rareness.
inaccessible adj. Difficult of approach. indigent adj. Poor. infrequent adj. Uncommon.
inaccurate adj. Not exactly according to the indigestible adj. Not digestible, or difficult to infringe v. To trespass upon.
facts. digest. infuse v. To instill, introduce, or inculcate, as
inactive adj. Inert. indigestion n. Difficulty or failure in the principles or qualities.
inadequate adj. Insufficient. alimentary canal in changing food into absorptive infusion n. The act of imbuing, or pouring in.
inadmissible adj. Not to be approved, nutriment. ingenious adj. Evincing skill, originality, or
considered, or allowed, as testimony. indignant adj. Having such anger and scorn as is cleverness, as in contrivance or arrangement.
inadvertent adj. Accidental. aroused by meanness or wickedness. ingenuity n. Cleverness in contriving,
inadvisable adj. Unadvisable. indignity n. Unmerited contemptuous conduct or combining, or originating.
inane adj. Silly. treatment. ingenuous adj. Candid, frank, or open in
inanimate adj. Destitute of animal life. indiscernible adj. Not perceptible. character or quality.
inapprehensible adj. Not to be understood. indiscreet adj. Lacking wise judgment. inglorious adj. Shameful.
Inapt adj. Awkward or slow. indiscriminate adj. Promiscuous. ingraft v. To set or implant deeply and firmly.
inarticulate adj. Speechless. indispensable adj. Necessary or requisite for the ingratiate v. To win confidence or good graces
inaudible adj. That can not be heard. purpose. for oneself.
inborn adj. Implanted by nature. indistinct adj. Vague. ingratitude n. Insensibility to kindness.
inbred adj. Innate. indivertible adj. That can not be turned aside. ingredient n. Component.
incandescence n. The state of being white or indivisible adj. Not separable into parts. inherence n. The state of being permanently
glowing with heat. indolence n. Laziness. existing in something.
indolent adj. Habitually inactive or idle. inherent adj. Intrinsic.
inhibit v. To hold back or in. integrity n. Uprightness of character and invalid n. One who is disabled by illness or
inhospitable adj. Not disposed to entertain soundness of moral principle. injury.
strangers gratuitously. intellect n. The faculty of perception or thought. invalidate v. To render of no force or effect.
inhuman adj. Savage. intellectual adj. Characterized by intelligence. invaluable adj. Exceedingly precious.
inhume v. To place in the earth, as a dead intelligence n. Capacity to know or understand. invariable adj. Unchangeable.
body. intelligible adj. Comprehensible. invasion n. Encroachment, as by an act of
inimical adj. Adverse. intemperance n. Immoderate action or intrusion or trespass.
iniquity n. Gross wrong or injustice. indulgence, as of the appetites. invective n. An utterance intended to cast
initiate v. To perform the first act or rite. intension n. The act of stringing or stretching, or censure, or reproach.
inject v. To introduce, as a fluid, by state of being strained. inveigh v. To utter vehement censure or
injection. intensive adj. Adding emphasis or force. invective.
injunction n. Mandate. intention n. That upon which the mind is set. inventive adj. Quick at contrivance.
inkling n. A hint. interact v. To act reciprocally. inverse adj. Contrary in tendency or direction.
inland adj. Remote from the sea. intercede v. To mediate between persons. inversion n. Change of order so that the first
inlet n. A small body of water leading into a intercept v. To interrupt the course of. shall become last and the last first.
larger. intercession n. Entreaty in behalf of others. invert v. To turn inside out, upside down, or in
inmost adj. Deepest within. intercessor n. A mediator. opposite direction.
innocuous adj. Harmless. interdict n. Authoritative act of prohibition. investigator n. One who investigates.
innovate v. To introduce or strive to interim n. Time between acts or periods. investor n. One who invests money.
introduce new things. interlocutor n. One who takes part in a inveterate adj. Habitual.
innuendo n. Insinuation. conversation or oral discussion. invidious adj. Showing or feeling envy.
innumerable adj. Countless. interlude n. An action or event considered as invigorate v. To animate.
inoffensive adj. Causing nothing displeasing coming between others of greater length. invincible adj. Not to be conquered, subdued,
or disturbing. intermediate adj. Being in a middle place or or overcome.
inopportune adj. Unsuitable or inconvenient, degree or between extremes. inviolable adj. Incapable of being injured or
especially as to time. interminable adj. Having no limit or end. disturbed.
inquire v. To ask information about. intermission n. A recess. invoke v. To call on for assistance or
inquisition n. A court or tribunal for intermit v. To cause to cease temporarily. protection.
examination and punishment of heretics. intermittent adj. A temporary discontinuance. involuntary adj. Unwilling.
inquisitive adj. Given to questioning, interpolation n. Verbal interference. involution n. Complication.
especially out of curiosity. interpose v. To come between other things or involve v. To draw into entanglement, literally
inquisitor n. One who makes an persons. or figuratively.
investigation. interposition n. A coming between. invulnerable adj. That can not be wounded or
inroad n. Forcible encroachment or trespass. interpreter n. A person who makes intelligible hurt.
insatiable adj. That desires or craves the speech of a foreigner by oral translation. inwardly adv. With no outward manifestation.
immoderately or unappeasably. interrogate v. To examine formally by iota n. A small or insignificant mark or part.
inscribe v. To enter in a book, or on a list, questioning. irascible adj. Prone to anger.
roll, or document, by writing. interrogative adj. Having the nature or form of a irate adj. Moved to anger.
inscrutable adj. Impenetrably mysterious or question. ire n. Wrath.
profound. interrogatory n. A question or inquiry. iridescence n. A many-colored appearance.
insecure adj. Not assured of safety. interrupt v. To stop while in progress. iridescent adj. Exhibiting changing rainbow-
insensible adj. Imperceptible. intersect v. To cut through or into so as to divide. colors due to the interference of the light.
insentient adj. Lacking the power of feeling intervale n. A low tract of land between hills, irk v. To afflict with pain, vexation, or fatigue.
or perceiving. especially along a river. irksome adj. Wearisome.
inseparable adj. That can not be separated. intervene v. To interfere for some end. irony n. Censure or ridicule under cover of
insidious adj. Working ill by slow and intestacy n. The condition resulting from one's praise or compliment.
stealthy means. dying not having made a valid will. irradiance n. Luster.
insight n. Intellectual discernment. intestate adj. Not having made a valid will. irradiate v. To render clear and intelligible.
insignificance n. Lack of import or of intestine n. That part of the digestive tube below irrational adj. Not possessed of reasoning
importance. or behind the stomach, extending to the anus. powers or understanding.
insignificant adj. Without importance, force, intimacy n. Close or confidential friendship. irreducible adj. That can not be lessened.
or influence. intimidate v. To cause to become frightened. irrefragable adj. That can not be refuted or
insinuate v. To imply. intolerable adj. Insufferable. disproved.
insipid adj. Tasteless. intolerance n. Inability or unwillingness to bear irrefrangible adj. That can not be broken or
insistence n. Urgency. or endure. violated.
insistent adj. Urgent. intolerant adj. Bigoted. irrelevant adj. Inapplicable.
insolence n. Pride or haughtiness exhibited in intoxicant n. Anything that unduly exhilarates or irreligious adj. Indifferent or opposed to
contemptuous and overbearing treatment of excites. religion.
others. intoxicate v. To make drunk. irreparable adj. That can not be rectified or
insolent adj. Impudent. intracellular adj. Occurring or situated within a made amends for.
insomnia n. Sleeplessness. cell. irrepressible adj. That can not be restrained or
inspector n. An official appointed to intramural adj. Situated within the walls of a kept down.
examine or oversee any matter of public city. irresistible adj. That can not be successfully
interest or importance. intrepid adj. Fearless and bold. withstood or opposed.
instance n. A single occurrence or happening intricacy n. Perplexity. irresponsible adj. Careless of or unable to
of a given kind. intricate adj. Difficult to follow or understand. meet responsibilities.
instant n. A very brief portion of time. intrigue n. A plot or scheme, usually irreverence n. The quality showing or
instantaneous adj. Done without perceptible complicated and intended to accomplish expressing a deficiency of veneration,
lapse of time. something by secret ways. especially for sacred things.
instigate v. To provoke. intrinsic adj. Inherent. irreverent adj. Showing or expressing a
instigator n. One who incites to evil. introductory adj. Preliminary. deficiency of veneration, especially for sacred
instill v. To infuse. introgression n. Entrance. things.
instructive adj. Conveying knowledge. intromit v. To insert. irreverential adj. Showing or expressing a
insufficiency n. Inadequacy. introspect v. To look into. deficiency of veneration, especially for sacred
insufficient adj. Inadequate for some need, introspection n. The act of observing and things.
purpose, or use. analyzing one's own thoughts and feelings. irreversible adj. Irrevocable.
insular adj. Pertaining to an island. introversion n. The act of turning or directing irrigant adj. Serving to water lands by
insulate v. To place in a detached state or inward, physically or mentally. artificial means.
situation. introvert v. To turn within. irrigate v. To water, as land, by ditches or
insuperable adj. Invincible. intrude v. To come in without leave or license. other artificial means.
insuppressible adj. Incapable of being intrusion n. The act of entering without warrant irritable adj. Showing impatience or ill temper
concealed. or invitation; encroachment. on little provocation.
insurgence n. Uprising. intuition n. Instinctive knowledge or feeling. irritancy n. The quality of producing vexation.
insurgent n. One who takes part in forcible inundate v. To fill with an overflowing irritant n. A mechanical, chemical, or
opposition to the constituted authorities of a abundance. pathological agent of inflammation, pain, or
place. inundation n. Flood. tension.
insurrection n. The state of being in active inure v. To harden or toughen by use, exercise, irritate v. To excite ill temper or impatience in.
resistance to authority. or exposure. irruption n. Sudden invasion.
intangible adj. Not perceptible to the touch. invalid adj. Having no force, weight, or cogency. isle n. An island.
islet n. A little island.
isobar n. A line joining points at which the lacerate v. To tear rudely or raggedly. lien n. A legal claim or hold on property, as
barometric pressure is the same at a specified lackadaisical adj. Listless. security for a debt or charge.
moment. lactation n. The secretion of milk. lieu n. Stead.
isochronous adj. Relating to or denoting lacteal adj. Milky. lifelike adj. Realistic.
equal intervals of time. lactic adj. Pertaining to milk. lifelong adj. Lasting or continuous through life.
isolate v. To separate from others of its kind. laddie n. A lad. lifetime n. The time that life continues.
isothermal adj. Having or marking equality ladle n. A cup-shaped vessel with a long handle, ligament n. That which binds objects together.
of temperature. intended for dipping up and pouring liquids. ligature n. Anything that constricts, or serves
itinerant adj. Wandering. laggard adj. Falling behind. for binding or tying.
itinerary n. A detailed account or diary of a landholder n. Landowner. light-hearted adj. Free from care.
journey. landlord n. A man who owns and lets a tenement ligneous adj. Having the texture of appearance
itinerate v. To wander from place to place. or tenements. of wood.
jargon n. Confused, unintelligible speech or landmark n. A familiar object in the landscape likelihood n. A probability.
highly technical speech. serving as a guide to an area otherwise easily lost likely adj. Plausible.
jaundice n. A morbid condition, due to track of. liking n. Fondness.
obstructed excretion of bile or characterized landscape n. A rural view, especially one of limitation n. A restriction.
by yellowing of the skin. picturesque effect, as seen from a distance or an linear adj. Of the nature of a line.
jeopardize v. To imperil. elevation. liner n. A vessel belonging to a steamship-line.
Jingo n. One of a party in Great Britain in languid adj. Relaxed. lingo n. Language.
favor of spirited and demonstrative foreign languor n. Lassitude of body or depression. lingua n. The tongue.
policy. lapse n. A slight deviation from what is right, lingual adj. Pertaining to the use of the tongue
jocose adj. Done or made in jest. proper, or just. in utterance.
jocular adj. Inclined to joke. lascivious adj. Lustful. linguist n. One who is acquainted with several
joggle n. A sudden irregular shake or a push lassie n. A little lass. languages.
causing such a shake. latent adj. Dormant. linguistics n. The science of languages, or of
journalize v. To keep a diary. latency n. The state of being dormant. the origin, history, and significance of words.
jovial adj. Merry. later adv. At a subsequent time. liniment n. A liquid preparation for rubbing on
jubilation n. Exultation. lateral adj. Directed toward the side. the skin in cases of bruises, inflammation, etc.
judgment n. The faculty by the exercise of latish adj. Rather late. liquefacient adj. Possessing a liquefying nature
which a deliberate conclusion is reached. lattice n. Openwork of metal or wood, formed by or power.
judicature n. Distribution and administration crossing or interlacing strips or bars. liquefy v. To convert into a liquid or into liquid
of justice by trial and judgment. laud v. To praise in words or song. form.
judicial adj. Pertaining to the administration laudable adj. Praiseworthy. liqueur n. An alcoholic cordial sweetened and
of justice. laudation n. High praise. flavored with aromatic substances.
judiciary n. That department of government laudatory adj. Pertaining to, expressing, or liquidate v. To deliver the amount or value of.
which administers the law relating to civil containing praise. liquor n. Any alcoholic or intoxicating liquid.
and criminal justice. laundress n. Washerwoman. listless adj. Inattentive.
judicious adj. Prudent. laureate adj. Crowned with laurel, as a mark of literacy n. The state or condition of knowing
juggle v. To play tricks of sleight of hand. distinction. how to read and write.
jugglery n. The art or practice of sleight of lave v. To wash or bathe. literal adj. Following the exact words.
hand. lawgiver n. A legislator. literature n. The written or printed productions
jugular adj. Pertaining to the throat. lawmaker n. A legislator. of the human mind collectively.
juicy adj. Succulent. lax adj. Not stringent or energetic. lithe adj. Supple.
junction n. The condition of being joined. laxative adj. Having power to open or loosen the lithesome adj. Nimble.
juncture n. An articulation, joint, or seam. bowels. lithograph n. A print made by printing from
junta n. A council or assembly that lea n. A field. stone.
deliberates in secret upon the affairs of leaflet n. A little leaf or a booklet. lithotype n. In engraving, an etched stone
government. leaven v. To make light by fermentation, as surface for printing.
juridical adj. Assumed by law to exist. dough. litigant n. A party to a lawsuit.
jurisdiction n. Lawful power or right to leeward n. That side or direction toward which litigate v. To cause to become the subject-
exercise official authority. the wind blows. matter of a suit at law.
jurisprudence n. The science of rights in left-handed adj. Using the left hand or arm more litigious adj. Quarrelsome.
accordance with positive law. dexterously than the right. littoral adj. Of, pertaining to, or living on a
juror n. One who serves on a jury or is legacy n. A bequest. shore.
sworn in for jury duty in a court of justice. legalize v. To give the authority of law to. liturgy n. A ritual.
joust v. To engage in a tilt with lances on legging n. A covering for the leg. livelihood n. Means of subsistence.
horseback. legible adj. That may be read with ease. livid adj. Black-and-blue, as contused flesh.
justification n. Vindication. legionary n. A member of an ancient Roman loam n. A non-coherent mixture of sand and
juvenile adj. Characteristic of youth. legion or of the modern French Legion of Honor. clay.
juxtapose v. To place close together. legislate v. To make or enact a law or laws. loath adj. Averse.
keepsake n. Anything kept or given to be legislative adj. That makes or enacts laws. loathe v. To abominate.
kept for the sake of the giver. legislator n. A lawgiver. locative adj. Indicating place, or the place
kerchief n. A square of linen, silk, or other legitimacy n. Accordance with law. where or wherein an action occurs.
material, used as a covering for the head or legitimate adj. Having the sanction of law or loch n. A lake.
neck. established custom. locomotion n. The act or power of moving
kernel n. A grain or seed. Ieisure n. Spare time. from one place to another.
kiln n. An oven or furnace for baking, leniency n. Forbearance. lode n. A somewhat continuous unstratified
burning, or drying industrial products. lenient adj. Not harsh. metal- bearing vein.
kiloliter n. One thousand liters. leonine adj. Like a lion. lodgment n. The act of furnishing with
kilometer n. A length of 1,000 meters. lethargy n. Prolonged sluggishness of body or temporary quarters.
kilowatt n. One thousand watts. mind. logic n. The science of correct thinking.
kimono n. A loose robe, fastening with a levee n. An embankment beside a river or stream logical adj. Capable of or characterized by
sash, the principal outer garment in Japan. or an arm of the sea, to prevent overflow. clear reasoning.
kind-hearted adj. Having a kind and lever n. That which exerts, or through which one logician n. An expert reasoner.
sympathetic nature. may exert great power. loiterer n. One who consumes time idly.
kingling n. A petty king. leviathan n. Any large animal, as a whale. loneliness n. Solitude.
kingship n. Royal state. levity n. Frivolity. longevity n. Unusually prolonged life.
kinsfolk n. pl. Relatives. levy v. To impose and collect by force or threat loot v. To plunder.
knavery n. Deceitfulness in dealing. of force. loquacious adj. Talkative.
knead v. To mix and work into a lewd adj. Characterized by lust or lasciviousness. lordling n. A little lord.
homogeneous mass, especially with the lexicographer n. One who makes dictionaries. lough n. A lake or loch.
hands. lexicography n. The making of dictionaries. louse n. A small insect parasitic on and sucking
knickknack n. A small article, more for lexicon n. A dictionary. the blood of mammals.
ornament that use. liable adj. Justly or legally responsible. lovable adj. Amiable.
knight errant n. One of the wandering libel n. Defamation. Low-spirited adj. Despondent.
knights who in the middle ages went forth in liberalism n. Opposition to conservatism. lowly adv. Rudely.
search of adventure. liberate v. To set free or release from bondage. lucid adj. Mentally sound.
knighthood n. Chivalry. licentious adj. Wanton. lucrative adj. Highly profitable.
laborious adj. Toilsome. licit adj. Lawful. ludicrous adj. Laughable.
labyrinth n. A maze. liege adj. Sovereign.
luminary n. One of the heavenly bodies as a mane n. The long hair growing upon and about medieval adj. Belonging or relating to or
source of light. the neck of certain animals, as the horse and the descriptive of the middle ages.
luminescent adj. Showing increase of light. lion. mediocre adj. Ordinary.
luminescence n. Showing increase. man-eater n. An animal that devours human meditation n. The turning or revolving of a
luminosity n. The quality of giving or beings. subject in the mind.
radiating light. maneuver v. To make adroit or artful moves: medley n. A composition of different songs or
luminous adj. Giving or radiating light. manage affairs by strategy. parts of songs arranged to run as a continuous
lunacy n. Mental unsoundness. mania n. Insanity. whole.
lunar adj. Pertaining to the moon. maniac n. a person raving with madness. meliorate v. To make better or improve, as in
lunatic n. An insane person. manifesto n. A public declaration, making quality or social or physical condition.
lune n. The moon. announcement, explanation or defense of mellifluous adj. Sweetly or smoothly flowing.
lurid adj. Ghastly and sensational. intentions, or motives. melodious adj. Characterized by a sweet
luscious adj. Rich, sweet, and delicious. manlike adj. Like a man. succession of sounds.
lustrous adj. Shining. manliness n. The qualities characteristic of a true melodrama n. A drama with a romantic story
luxuriance n. Excessive or superfluous man, as bravery, resolution, etc. or plot and sensational situation and incidents.
growth or quantity. mannerism n. Constant or excessive adherence memento n. A souvenir.
luxuriant adj. Abundant or superabundant in to one manner, style, or peculiarity, as of action memorable adj. Noteworthy.
growth. or conduct. menace n. A threat.
luxuriate v. To live sumptuously. manor n. The landed estate of a lord or menagerie n. A collection of wild animals,
lying n. Untruthfulness. nobleman. especially when kept for exhibition.
lyre n. One of the most ancient of stringed mantel n. The facing, sometimes richly mendacious adj. Untrue.
instruments of the harp class. ornamented, about a fireplace, including the usual mendicant n. A beggar.
lyric adj. Fitted for expression in song. shelf above it. mentality n. Intellectuality.
macadamize v. To cover or pave, as a path mantle n. A cloak. mentor n. A wise and faithful teacher, guide,
or roadway, with small broken stone. manufacturer n. A person engaged in and friend.
machinery n. The parts of a machine or manufacturing as a business. mercantile adj. Conducted or acting on
engine, taken collectively. manumission n. Emancipation. business principles; commercial.
machinist n. One who makes or repairs manumit v. To set free from bondage. mercenary adj. Greedy
machines, or uses metal-working tools. marine adj. Of or pertaining to the sea or matters merciful adj. Disposed to pity and forgive.
macrocosm n. The whole of any sphere or connected with the sea. merciless adj. Cruel.
department of nature or knowledge to which maritime adj. Situated on or near the sea. meretricious adj. Alluring by false or gaudy
man is related. maroon v. To put ashore and abandon (a person) show.
madden v. To inflame with passion. on a desolate coast or island. mesmerize v. To hypnotize
Madonna n. A painted or sculptured martial adj. Pertaining to war or military messieurs n. pl. Gentlemen.
representation of the Virgin, usually with the operations. metal n.
infant Jesus. Martian adj. Pertaining to Mars, either the metallurgy n. The art or science of extracting a
magician n. A sorcerer. Roman god of war or the planet. metal from ores, as by smelting.
magisterial adj. Having an air of authority. martyrdom n. Submission to death or metamorphosis n. A passing from one form or
magistracy n. The office or dignity of a persecution for the sake of faith or principle. shape into another.
magistrate. marvel v. To be astonished and perplexed metaphor n. A figure of speech in which one
magnanimous adj. Generous in treating or because of (something). object is likened to another, by speaking as if
judging others. masonry n. The art or work of constructing, as the other.
magnate n. A person of rank or importance. buildings, walls, etc., with regularly arranged metaphysical adj. Philosophical.
magnet n. A body possessing that peculiar stones. metaphysician n. One skilled in metaphysics.
form of polarity found in nature in the masquerade n. A social party composed of metaphysics n. The principles of philosophy as
lodestone. persons masked and costumed so as to be applied to explain the methods of any particular
magnetize v. To make a magnet of, disguised. science.
permanently, or temporarily. massacre n. The unnecessary and indiscriminate mete v. To apportion.
magnificence n. The exhibition of greatness killing of human beings. metempsychosis n. Transition of the soul of a
of action, character, intellect, wealth, or massive adj. Of considerable bulk and weight. human being at death into another body,
power. masterpiece n. A superior production. whether human or beast.
magnificent adj. Grand or majestic in mastery n. The attainment of superior skill. meticulous adj. Over-cautious.
appearance, quality, or action. material n. That of which anything is composed metonymy n. A figure of speech that consists
magnitude n. Importance. or may be constructed. in the naming of a thing by one of its attributes.
maharaja n. A great Hindu prince. materialize v. To take perceptible or substantial metric adj. Relating to measurement.
maidenhood n. Virginity. form. metronome n. An instrument for indicating
maintain v. To hold or preserve in any maternal adj. Pertaining or peculiar to a mother and marking exact time in music.
particular state or condition. or to motherhood. metropolis n. A chief city, either the capital or
maintenance n. That which supports or matinee n. An entertainment (especially the largest or most important city of a state.
sustains. theatrical) held in the daytime. metropolitan adj. Pertaining to a chief city.
maize n. Indian corn: usually in the United matricide n. The killing, especially the mettle n. Courage.
States called simply corn. murdering, of one's mother. mettlesome adj. Having courage or spirit.
makeup n. The arrangements or combination matrimony n. The union of a man and a woman microcosm n. The world or universe on a small
of the parts of which anything is composed. in marriage. scale.
malady n. Any physical disease or disorder, matrix n. That which contains and gives shape or micrometer n. An instrument for measuring
especially a chronic or deep-seated one. form to anything. very small angles or dimensions.
malaria n. A fever characterized by matter of fact n. Something that has actual and microphone n. An apparatus for magnifying
alternating chills, fever, and sweating. undeniable existence or reality. faint sounds.
malcontent n. One who is dissatisfied with maudlin adj. Foolishly and tearfully affectionate. microscope n. An instrument for assisting the
the existing state of affairs. mausoleum n. A tomb of more than ordinary size eye in the vision of minute objects or features
malediction n. The calling down of a curse or architectural pretensions. of objects.
or curses. mawkish adj. Sickening or insipid. microscopic adj. Adapted to or characterized
malefactor n. One who injures another. maxim n. A principle accepted as true and acted by minute observation.
maleficent adj. Mischievous. on as a rule or guide. microscopy n. The art of examing objects with
malevolence n. Ill will. maze n. A labyrinth. the microscope.
malevolent adj. Wishing evil to others. mead n. A meadow. midsummer n. The middle of the summer.
malign v. To speak evil of, especially to do meager adj. scanty. midwife n. A woman who makes a business of
so falsely and severely. mealy-mouthed adj. Afraid to express facts or assisting at childbirth.
malignant adj. Evil in nature or tending to do opinions plainly. mien n. The external appearance or manner of
great harm or mischief. meander v. To wind and turn while proceeding a person.
malleable adj. Pliant. in a course. migrant adj. Wandering.
mallet n. A wooden hammer. mechanics n. The branch of physics that treats migrate v. To remove or pass from one
maltreat v. To treat ill, unkindly, roughly, or the phenomena caused by the action of forces. country, region, or habitat to another.
abusively. medallion n. A large medal. migratory adj. Wandering.
man-trap n. A place or structure dangerous to meddlesome adj. Interfering. mileage n. A distance in miles.
human life. medial adj. Of or pertaining to the middle. militant adj. Of a warlike or combative
mandate n. A command. mediate v. To effect by negotiating as an agent disposition or tendency.
mandatory adj. Expressive of positive between parties. militarism n. A policy of maintaining great
command, as distinguished from merely medicine n. A substance possessing or reputed to standing armies.
directory. possess curative or remedial properties.
militate v. To have weight or influence (in momentary adj. Lasting but a short time. myriad n. A vast indefinite number.
determining a question). momentous adj. Very significant. mystic n. One who professes direct divine
militia n. Those citizens, collectively, who momentum n. An impetus. illumination, or relies upon meditation to
are enrolled and drilled in temporary military monarchy n. Government by a single, sovereign acquire truth.
organizations. ruler. mystification n. The act of artfully perplexing.
Milky Way n. The galaxy. monastery n. A dwelling-place occupied in myth n. A fictitious narrative presented as
millet n. A grass cultivated for forage and common by persons under religious vows of historical, but without any basis of fact.
cereal. seclusion. mythology n. The whole body of legends
mimic v. To imitate the speech or actions of. monetary adj. Financial. cherished by a race concerning gods and
miniature adj. Much smaller than reality or mongrel n. The progeny resulting from the heroes.
that the normal size. crossing of different breeds or varieties. nameless adj. Having no fame or reputation.
minimize v. To reduce to the smallest monition n. Friendly counsel given by way of naphtha n. A light, colorless, volatile,
possible amount or degree. warning and implying caution or reproof. inflammable oil used as a solvent, as in
minion n. A servile favorite. monitory n. Admonition or warning. manufacture of paints.
ministration n. Any religious ceremonial. monocracy n. Government by a single person. Narcissus n. The son of the Athenian river-god
ministry n. A service. monogamy n. The habit of pairing, or having but Cephisus, fabled to have fallen in love with his
minority n. The smaller in number of two one mate. reflection.
portions into which a number or a group is monogram n. A character consisting of two or narrate v. To tell a story.
divided. more letters interwoven into one, usually initials narration n. The act of recounting the
minute adj. Exceedingly small in extent or of a name. particulars of an event in the order of time or
quantity. monograph n. A treatise discussing a single occurrence.
minutia n. A small or unimportant particular subject or branch of a subject. narrative n. An orderly continuous account of
or detail. monolith n. Any structure or sculpture in stone the successive particulars of an event.
mirage n. An optical effect looking like a formed of a single piece. narrator n. One who narrates anything.
sheet of water in the desert. monologue n. A story or drama told or narrow-minded adj. Characterized by illiberal
misadventure n. An unlucky accident. performed by one person. views or sentiments.
misanthropic adj. Hating mankind. monomania n. The unreasonable pursuit of one nasal adj. Pertaining to the nose.
misanthropy n. Hatred of mankind. idea. natal adj. Pertaining to one's birth.
misapprehend v. To misunderstand. monopoly n. The control of a thing, as a nationality n. A connection with a particular
misbehave v. To behave ill. commodity, to enable a person to raise its price. nation.
misbehavior n. Ill or improper behavior. monosyllable n. A word of one syllable. naturally adv. According to the usual order of
mischievous adj. Fond of tricks. monotone n. The sameness or monotony of things.
miscount v. To make a mistake in counting. utterance. nausea n. An affection of the stomach
miscreant n. A villain. monotonous adj. Unchanging and tedious. producing dizziness and usually an impulse to
misdeed n. A wrong or improper act. monotony n. A lack of variety. vomit
misdemeanor n. Evil conduct, small crime. monsieur n. A French title of respect, equivalent nauseate v. To cause to loathe.
miser n. A person given to saving and to Mr. and sir. nauseous adj. Loathsome.
hoarding unduly. monstrosity n. Anything unnaturally huge or nautical adj. Pertaining to ships, seamen, or
mishap n. Misfortune. distorted. navigation.
misinterpret v. To misunderstand. moonbeam n. A ray of moonlight. naval adj. Pertaining to ships.
mislay v. To misplace. morale n. A state of mind with reference to navel n. The depression on the abdomen where
mismanage v. To manage badly, improperly, confidence, courage, zeal, and the like. the umbilical cord of the fetus was attached.
or unskillfully. moralist n. A writer on ethics. navigable adj. Capable of commercial
misnomer n. A name wrongly or mistakenly morality n. Virtue. navigation.
applied. moralize v. To render virtuous. navigate v. To traverse by ship.
misogamy n. Hatred of marriage. moratorium n. An emergency legislation nebula n. A gaseous body of unorganized
misogyny n. Hatred of women. authorizing a government suspend some action stellar substance.
misplace v. To put into a wrong place. temporarily. necessary adj. Indispensably requisite or
misrepresent v. To give a wrong impression. morbid adj. Caused by or denoting a diseased or absolutely needed to accomplish a desired
misrule v. To misgovern. unsound condition of body or mind. result.
missal n. The book containing the service for mordacious adj. Biting or giving to biting. necessitate v. To render indispensable.
the celebration of mass. mordant adj. Biting. necessity n. That which is indispensably
missile n. Any object, especially a weapon, moribund adj. On the point of dying. requisite to an end desired.
thrown or intended to be thrown. morose adj. Gloomy. necrology n. A list of persons who have died in
missive n. A message in writing. morphology n. the science of organic forms. a certain place or time.
mistrust v. To regard with suspicion or motley adj. Composed of heterogeneous or necromancer n. One who practices the art of
jealousy. inharmonious elements. foretelling the future by means of
misty adj. Lacking clearness motto n. An expressive word or pithy sentence communication with the dead.
misunderstand v. To Take in a wrong sense. enunciating some guiding rule of life, or faith. necropolis n. A city of the dead.
misuse v. To maltreat. mountaineer n. One who travels among or necrosis n. the death of part of the body.
mite n. A very small amount, portion, or climbs mountains for pleasure or exercise. nectar n. Any especially sweet and delicious
particle. mountainous adj. Full of or abounding in drink.
miter n. The junction of two bodies at an mountains. nectarine n. A variety of the peach.
equally divided angle. mouthful n. As much as can be or is usually put needlework n. Embroidery.
mitigate v. To make milder or more into the or exercise. needy adj. Being in need, want, or poverty.
endurable. muddle v. To confuse or becloud, especially with nefarious adj. Wicked in the extreme.
mnemonics n. A system of principles and or as with drink. negate v. To deny.
formulas designed to assist the recollection in muffle v. To deaden the sound of, as by wraps. negation n. The act of denying or of asserting
certain instances. mulatto n. The offspring of a white person and a the falsity of a proposition.
moat n. A ditch on the outside of a fortress black person. neglectful adj. Exhibiting or indicating
wall. muleteer n. A mule-driver. omission.
mobocracy n. Lawless control of public multiform adj. Having many shapes, or negligee n. A loose gown worn by women.
affairs by the mob or populace. appearances. negligence n. Omission of that which ought to
moccasin n. A foot-covering made of soft multiplicity n. the condition of being manifold or be done.
leather or buckskin. very various. negligent adj. Apt to omit what ought to be
mockery n. Ridicule. mundane adj. Worldly, as opposed to spiritual or done.
moderation n. Temperance. celestial. negligible adj. Transferable by assignment,
moderator n. The presiding officer of a municipal adj. Of or pertaining to a town or city, endorsement, or delivery.
meeting. or to its corporate or local government. negotiable v. To bargain with others for an
modernity n. The state or character of being municipality n. A district enjoying municipal agreement, as for a treaty or transfer of
modern. government. property.
modernize v. To make characteristic of the munificence n. A giving characterized by Nemesis n. A goddess; divinity of chastisement
present or of recent times. generous motives and extraordinary liberality. and vengeance.
modification n. A change. munificent adj. Extraordinarily generous. neocracy n. Government administered by new
modify v. To make somewhat different. muster n. An assemblage or review of troops for or untried persons.
modish adj. Fashionable. parade or inspection, or for numbering off. neo-Darwinsim n. Darwinism as modified and
modulate v. To vary in tone, inflection, pitch mutation n. The act or process of change. extended by more recent students.
or other quality of sound. mutilate v. To disfigure. neo-Latin n. Modernized Latin.
mollify v. To soothe. mutiny n. Rebellion against lawful or constituted neopaganism n. A new or revived paganism.
molt v. To cast off, as hair, feathers, etc. authority. Neolithic adj. Pertaining to the later stone age.
neology n. The coining or using of new oakum n. Hemp-fiber obtained by untwisting and ogre n. A demon or monster that was supposed
words or new meanings of words. picking out loosely the yarns of old hemp rope. to devour human beings.
neophyte adj. Having the character of a obdurate adj. Impassive to feelings of humanity ointment n. A fatty preparation with a butter-
beginner. or pity. like consistency in which a medicinal
nestle v. To adjust cozily in snug quarters. obelisk n. A square shaft with pyramidal top, substance exists.
nestling adj. Recently hatched. usually monumental or commemorative. olfactory adj. of or pertaining to the sense of
nettle v. To excite sensations of uneasiness obese adj. Exceedingly fat. smell.
or displeasure in. obesity n. Excessive fatness. olive-branch n. A branch of the olive-tree, as an
network n. Anything that presents a system obituary adj. A published notice of a death. emblem of peace.
of cross- lines. objective adj. Grasping and representing facts as ominous adj. Portentous.
neural adj. Pertaining to the nerves or they are. omission n. Exclusion.
nervous system. objector n. One who objects, as to a proposition, omnipotence n. Unlimited and universal
neurology n. The science of the nervous measure, or ruling. power.
system. obligate v. To hold to the fulfillment of duty. Omnipotent adj. Possessed of unlimited and
neuter adj. Neither masculine nor feminine. obligatory adj. Binding in law or conscience. universal power.
neutral adj. Belonging to or under control of oblique adj. Slanting; said of lines. omniscience n. Unlimited or infinite
neither of two contestants. obliterate v. To cause to disappear. knowledge.
nevertheless conj. Notwithstanding. oblivion n. The state of having passed out of the omniscient adj. Characterized by unlimited or
Newtonian adj. Of or pertaining to Sir Isaac memory or of being utterly forgotten. infinite knowledge.
Newton, the English philosopher. oblong adj. omnivorous adj. Eating or living upon food of
niggardly adj. Stingy. (no longer acceptable obnoxious adj. Detestable. all kinds indiscriminately.
to use) obsequies n. Funeral rites. onerous adj. Burdensome or oppressive.
nihilist n. An advocate of the doctrine that obsequious adj. Showing a servile readiness to onrush n. Onset.
nothing either exists or can be known. fall in with the wishes or will of another. onset n. An assault, especially of troops, upon
nil n. Nothing observance n. A traditional form or customary an enemy or fortification.
nimble adj. Light and quick in motion or act. onslaught n. A violent onset.
action. observant adj. Quick to notice. onus n. A burden or responsibility.
nit n. The egg of a louse or some other insect. observatory n. A building designed for opalescence n. The property of combined
nocturnal adj. Of or pertaining to the night. systematic astronomical observations. refraction and reflection of light, resulting in
noiseless adj. Silent. obsolescence n. The condition or process of smoky tints.
noisome adj. Very offensive, particularly to gradually falling into disuse. opaque adj. Impervious to light.
the sense of smell. obsolescent adj. Passing out of use, as a word. operate v. To put in action and supervise the
noisy adj. Clamorous. obsolete adj. No longer practiced or accepted. working of.
nomad adj. Having no fixed abode. obstetrician n. A practitioner of midwifery. operative adj. Active.
nomic adj. Usual or customary. obstetrics n. The branch of medical science operator n. One who works with or controls
nominal adj. Trivial. concerned with the treatment and care of women some machine or scientific apparatus.
nominate v. To designate as a candidate for during pregnancy. operetta n. A humorous play in dialogue and
any office. obstinacy n. Stubborn adherence to opinion, music, of more than one act.
nomination n. The act or ceremony of arising from conceit or the desire to have one's opinion n. A conclusion or judgment held with
naming a man or woman for office. own way. confidence, but falling short of positive
nominee n. One who receives a nomination. obstreperous adj. Boisterous. knowledge.
non-existent n. That which does not exist. obstruct v. To fill with impediments so as to opponent n. One who supports the opposite
non-resident adj. Not residing within a given prevent passage, either wholly or in part. side in a debate, discussion, struggle, or sport.
jurisdiction. obstruction n. Hindrance. opportune adj. Especially fit as occurring,
nonchalance n. A state of mind indicating obtrude v. To be pushed or to push oneself into said, or done at the right moment.
lack of interest. undue prominence. opportunist n. One who takes advantage of
non-combatant n. One attached to the army obtrusive adj. Tending to be pushed or to push circumstances to gain his ends.
or navy, but having duties other than that of oneself into undue prominence. opportunity n. Favorable or advantageous
fighting. obvert v. To turn the front or principal side of (a chance or opening.
nondescript adj. Indescribable. thing) toward any person or object. opposite adj. Radically different or contrary in
nonentity n. A person or thing of little or no obviate v. To clear away or provide for, as an action or movement.
account. objection or difficulty. opprobrium n. The state of being scornfully
nonpareil n. One who or that which is of occasion n. An important event or celebration. reproached or accused of evil.
unequaled excellence. Occident n. The countries lying west of Asia and optic n. Pertaining to the eye or vision.
norm n. A model. the Turkish dominions. optician n. One who makes or deals in optical
normalcy n. The state of being normal. occlude v. To absorb, as a gas by a metal. instruments or eye-glasses.
Norman adj. Of or peculiar to Normandy, in occult adj. Existing but not immediately optics n. The science that treats of light and
northern France. perceptible. vision, and all that is connected with sight.
nostrum n. Any scheme or recipe of a occupant n. A tenant in possession of property, optimism n. The view that everything in nature
charlatan character. as distinguished from the actual owner. and the history of mankind is ordered for the
noticeable adj. Perceptible. occurrence n. A happening. best.
notorious adj. Unfavorably known to the octagon n. A figure with eight sides and eight option n. The right, power, or liberty of
general public. angles. choosing.
novellette n. A short novel. octave n. A note at this interval above or below optometry n. Measurement of the powers of
novice n. A beginner in any business or any other, considered in relation to that other. vision.
occupation. octavo n. A book, or collection of paper in which opulence n. Affluence.
nowadays adv. In the present time or age. the sheets are so folded as to make eight leaves. opulent adj. Wealthy.
nowhere adv. In no place or state. octogenarian adj. A person of between eighty oral adj. Uttered through the mouth.
noxious adj. Hurtful. and ninety years. orate v. To deliver an elaborate or formal
nuance n. A slight degree of difference in ocular adj. Of or pertaining to the eye. public speech.
anything perceptible to the sense of the mind. oculist n. One versed or skilled in treating oration n. An elaborate or formal public
nucleus n. A central point or part about diseases of the eye. speech.
which matter is aggregated. oddity n. An eccentricity. orator n. One who delivers an elaborate or
nude adj. Naked. ode n. The form of lyric poetry anciently formal speech.
nugatory adj. Having no power or force. intended to be sung. oratorio n. A composition for solo voices,
nuisance n. That which annoys, vexes, or odious adj. Hateful. chorus, and orchestra, generally taken from the
irritates. odium n. A feeling of extreme repugnance, or of Scriptures.
numeration n. The act or art of reading or dislike and disgust. oratory n. The art of public speaking.
naming numbers. odoriferous adj. Having or diffusing an odor or ordeal n. Anything that severely tests courage,
numerical adj. Of or pertaining to number. scent, especially an agreeable one. strength, patience, conscience, etc.
nunnery n. A convent for nuns. odorous adj. Having an odor, especially a ordinal n.
nuptial adj. Of or pertaining to marriage, fragrant one. ordination n. A consecration to the ministry.
especially to the marriage ceremony. off adj. Farther or more distant. ordnance n. A general name for all kinds of
nurture n. The process of fostering or offhand adv. Without preparation. weapons and their appliances used in war.
promoting growth. officiate v. To act as an officer or leader. orgies n. Wild or wanton revelry.
nutriment n. That which nourishes. officious adj. Intermeddling with what is not origin n. The beginning of that which becomes
nutritive adj. Having nutritious properties. one's concern. or is made to be.
oaken adj. Made of or from oak. offshoot n. Something that branches off from the original adj. Not copied nor produced by
parent stock. imitation.
originate v. To cause or constitute the palatial adj. Magnificent. participate v. To receive or have a part or
beginning or first stage of the existence of. paleontology n. The branch of biology that treats share of.
ornate adj. Ornamented to a marked degree. of ancient life and fossil organisms. partition n. That which separates anything into
orthodox adj. Holding the commonly palette n. A thin tablet, with a hole for the distinct parts.
accepted faith. thumb, upon which artists lay their colors for partisan adj. Characterized by or exhibiting
orthodoxy n. Acceptance of the common painting. undue or unreasoning devotion to a party.
faith. palinode n. A retraction. passible adj. Capable of feeling of suffering.
orthogonal adj. Having or determined by pall v. To make dull by satiety. passive adj. Unresponsive.
right angles. palliate v. To cause to appear less guilty. pastoral adj. Having the spirit or sentiment of
orthopedic adj. Relating to the correcting or pallid adj. Of a pale or wan appearance. rural life.
preventing of deformity palpable n. perceptible by feeling or touch. paternal adj. Fatherly.
orthopedist n. One who practices the palsy n. Paralysis. paternity n. Fatherhood.
correcting or preventing of deformity paly adj. Lacking color or brilliancy. pathos n. The quality in any form of
oscillate v. To swing back and forth. pamphlet n. A brief treatise or essay, usually on representation that rouses emotion or
osculate v. To kiss. a subject of current interest. sympathy.
ossify v. to convert into bone. pamphleteer v. To compose or issue pamphlets, patriarch n. The chief of a tribe or race who
ostentation n. A display dictated by vanity especially controversial ones. rules by paternal right.
and intended to invite applause or flattery. panacea n. A remedy or medicine proposed for patrician adj. Of senatorial or noble rank.
ostracism n. Exclusion from intercourse or or professing to cure all diseases. patrimony n. An inheritance from an ancestor,
favor, as in society or politics. Pan-American adj. Including or pertaining to the especially from one's father.
ostracize v. To exclude from public or whole of America, both North and South. patriotism n. Love and devotion to one's
private favor. pandemic adj. Affecting a whole people or all country.
ought v. To be under moral obligation to be classes, as a disease. patronize v. To exercise an arrogant
or do. pandemonium n. A fiendish or riotous uproar. condescension toward.
oust v. To eject. panegyric n. A formal and elaborate eulogy, patronymic adj. Formed after one's father's
out-and-out adv. Genuinely. written or spoken, of a person or of an act. name.
outbreak n. panel n. A rectangular piece set in or as in a patter v. To mumble something over and over.
outburst n. A violent issue, especially of frame. paucity n. Fewness.
passion in an individual. panic n. A sudden, unreasonable, overpowering pauper n. One without means of support.
outcast n. One rejected and despised, fear. pauperism n. Dependence on charity.
especially socially. panoply n. A full set of armor. pavilion n. An open structure for temporary
outcry n. A vehement or loud cry or clamor. panorama n. A series of large pictures shelter.
outdo v. To surpass. representing a continuous scene. payee n. A person to whom money has been or
outlandish adj. Of barbarous, uncouth, and pantheism n. The worship of nature for itself or is to be paid.
unfamiliar aspect or action. its beauty. peaceable adj. Tranquil.
outlast v. To last longer than. Pantheon n. A circular temple at Rome with a peaceful adj. Tranquil.
outlaw n. A habitual lawbreaker. fine Corinthian portico and a great domed roof. peccable adj. Capable of sinning.
outlive v. To continue to exist after. pantomime n. Sign-language. peccadillo n. A small breach of propriety or
out-of-the-way adj. Remotely situated. pantoscope n. A very wide-angled photographic principle.
outpost n. A detachment of troops stationed lens. peccant adj. Guilty.
at a distance from the main body to guard papacy n. The official head of the Roman pectoral adj. Pertaining to the breast or thorax.
against surprise. Catholic Church. pecuniary adj. Consisting of money.
outrage n. A gross infringement of morality papyrus n. The writing-paper of the ancient pedagogics n. The science and art of teaching.
or decency. Egyptians, and later of the Romans. pedagogue n. A schoolmaster.
outrageous adj. Shocking in conduct. parable n. A brief narrative founded on real pedagogy n. The science and art of teaching
outreach v. To reach or go beyond. scenes or events usually with a moral. pedal n. A lever for the foot usually applied
outride v. To ride faster than. paradox n. A statement or doctrine seemingly in only to musical instruments, cycles, and other
outrigger n. A part built or arranged to contradiction to the received belief. machines.
project beyond a natural outline for support. paragon n. A model of excellence. pedant n. A scholar who makes needless and
outright adv. Entirely. parallel v. To cause to correspond or lie in the inopportune display of his learning.
outskirt n. A border region. same direction and equidistant in all parts. peddle v. To go about with a small stock of
outstretch v. To extend. parallelism n. Essential likeness. goods to sell.
outstrip v. To go beyond. paralysis n. Loss of the power of contractility in pedestal n. A base or support as for a column,
outweigh v. To surpass in importance or the voluntary or involuntary muscles. statue, or vase. pedestrian n. One who
excellence. paralyze v. To deprive of the power to act. journeys on foot.
overdo v. To overtax the strength of. paramount adj. Supreme in authority. pediatrics n. The department of medical
overdose n. An excessive dose, usually so paramour n. One who is unlawfully and science that relates to the treatment of diseases
large a dose of a medicine that its effect is immorally a lover or a mistress. of
toxic. paraphernalia n. Miscellaneous articles of childhood.
overeat v. To eat to excess. equipment or adornment. pedigree n. One's line of ancestors.
overhang n. A portion of a structure which paraphrase v. Translate freely. peddler n. One who travels from house to
projects or hangs over. pare v. To cut, shave, or remove (the outside) house with an assortment of goods for retail.
overleap v. To leap beyond. from anything. peerage n. The nobility.
overlord n. One who holds supremacy over parentage n. The relation of parent to child, of peerless adj. Of unequaled excellence or worth.
another. the producer to the produced, or of cause to peevish adj. Petulant. (irritable)
overpass v. To pass across or over, as a river. effect. pellucid adj. Translucent.
overpay v. To pay or reward in excess. Pariah n. A member of a degraded class; a social penalty n. The consequences that follow the
overpower v. To gain supremacy or victory outcast. transgression of natural or divine law.
over by superior power. parish n. The ecclesiastical district in charge of a penance n. Punishment to which one
overproduction n. Excessive production. pastor. voluntarily submits or subjects himself as an
overreach v. To stretch out too far. Parisian adj. Of or pertaining to the city of Paris. expression of penitence.
overrun v. To infest or ravage. parity n. Equality, as of condition or rank. penchant n. A bias in favor of something.
oversee v. To superintend. parlance n. Mode of speech. pendant n. Anything that hangs from
overseer n. A supervisor. parley v. To converse in. something else, either for ornament or for use.
overshadow v. To cast into the shade or parliament n. A legislative body. pendulous adj. Hanging, especially so as to
render insignificant by comparison. parlor n. A room for reception of callers or swing by an attached end or part.
overstride v. To step beyond. entertainment of guests. pendulum n. A weight hung on a rod, serving
overthrow v. To vanquish an established parody v. To render ludicrous by imitating the by its oscillation to regulate the rate of a clock.
ruler or government. language of. penetrable adj. That may be pierced by
overtone n. A harmonic. paronymous adj. Derived from the same root or physical, moral, or intellectual force.
overture n. An instrumental prelude to an primitive word. penetrate v. To enter or force a way into the
opera, oratorio, or ballet. paroxysm n. A sudden outburst of any kind of interior parts of.
overweight n. Preponderance. activity. penetration n. Discernment.
pacify v. To bring into a peaceful state. parricide n. The murder of a parent. peninsular adj. Pertaining to a piece of land
packet n. A bundle, as of letters. parse v. To describe, as a sentence, by separating almost surrounded by water.
pact n. A covenant. it into its elements and describing each word. penitence n. Sorrow for sin with desire to
pagan n. A worshiper of false gods. parsimonious adj. Unduly sparing in the use or amend and to atone.
pageant n. A dramatic representation, expenditure of money. penitential adj. Pertaining to sorrow for sin
especially a spectacular one. partible adj. Separable. with desire to amend and to atone.
palate n. The roof of the mouth. participant n. One having a share or part. pennant n. A small flag.
pension n. A periodical allowance to an personnel n. The force of persons collectively energy.
individual on account of past service done by employed in some service. physics n. The science that treats of the
him/her. perspective n. The relative importance of facts or phenomena associated with matter and energy.
pentagram n. A figure having five points or matters from any special point of view. physiocracy n. The doctrine that land and its
lobes. perspicacious adj. Astute. products are the only true wealth.
pentavalent adj. Quinqeuvalent. perspicacity n. Acuteness or discernment. physiognomy n. The external appearance
pentad n. The number five. perspicuous adj. Lucid. merely.
pentagon n. A figure, especially, with five perspiration n. Sweat. physiography n. Description of nature.
angles and five sides. perspire v. To excrete through the pores of the physiology n. The science of organic functions.
pentahedron n. A solid bounded by five skin. physique n. The physical structure or
plane faces. persuade v. To win the mind of by argument, organization of a person.
pentameter n. In prosody, a line of verse eloquence, evidence, or reflection. picayune adj. Of small value.
containing five units or feet. persuadable adj. capable of influencing to action piccolo n. A small flute.
pentathlon n. The contest of five associated by entreaty, statement, or anything that moves the piece n. A loose or separated part, as
exercises in the great games and the same feelings. distinguished from the whole or the mass.
contestants. pertinacious adj. Persistent or unyielding. piecemeal adv. Gradually.
penultimate adj. A syllable or member of a pertinacity n. Unyielding adherence. pillage n. Open robbery, as in war.
series that is last but one. pertinent adj. Relevant. pillory n. A wooden framework in which an
penurious adj. Excessively sparing in the use perturb v. To disturb greatly. offender is fastened to boards and is exposed to
of money. perturbation n. Mental excitement or confusion. public scorn.
penury n. Indigence. perusal n. The act of reading carefully or pincers n. An instrument having two lever-
perambulate v. To walk about. thoughtfully. handles and two jaws working on a pivot.
perceive v. To have knowledge of, or receive pervade v. To pass or spread through every part. pinchers n. An instrument having two jaws
impressions concerning, through the medium pervasion n. The state of spreading through working on a pivot.
of the body senses. every part. pinnacle n. A high or topmost point, as a
perceptible adj. Cognizable. pervasive adj. Thoroughly penetrating or mountain-peak.
perception n. Knowledge through the senses permeating. pioneer n. One among the first to explore a
of the existence and properties of matter or perverse adj. Unreasonable. country.
the external world. perversion n. Diversion from the true meaning or pious adj. Religious.
percipience n. The act of perceiving. proper purpose. pique v. To excite a slight degree of anger in.
percipient n. One who or that which perversity n. Wickedness. piteous adj. Compassionate.
perceives. pervert n. One who has forsaken a doctrine pitiable adj. Contemptible.
percolate v. To filter. regarded as true for one esteemed false. pitiful adj. Wretched.
percolator n. A filter. pervious adj. Admitting the entrance or passage pitiless adj. Hard-hearted.
percussion n. The sharp striking of one body of another substance. pittance n. Any small portion or meager
against another. pestilence n. A raging epidemic. allowance.
peremptory adj. Precluding question or pestilent adj. Having a malign influence or placate v. To bring from a state of angry or
appeal. effect. hostile feeling to one of patience or
perennial adj. Continuing though the year or pestilential adj. having the nature of or breeding friendliness.
through many years. pestilence. placid adj. Serene.
perfectible adj. Capable of being made peter v. To fail or lose power, efficiency, or plagiarism n. The stealing of passages from
perfect. value. the writings of another and publishing them as
perfidy n. Treachery. petrify v. To convert into a substance of stony one's own.
perforate v. To make a hole or holes hardness and character. planisphere n. A polar projection of the
through. petulance n. The character or condition of being heavens on a chart.
perform v. To accomplish. impatient, capricious or petulant. plasticity n. The property of some substances
perfumery n. The preparation of perfumes. petulant adj. Displaying impatience. through which the form of the mass can readily
perfunctory adj. Half-hearted. pharmacopoeia n. A book containing the be changed.
perhaps adv. Possibly. formulas and methods of preparation of platitude n. A written or spoken statement that
perigee n. The point in the orbit of the moon medicines for the use of druggists. is flat, dull, or commonplace.
when it is nearest the earth. pharmacy n. The art or business of compounding plaudit n. An expression of applause.
periodicity n. The habit or characteristic of and dispensing medicines. plausible adj. Seeming likely to be true, though
recurrence at regular intervals. phenomenal adj. Extraordinary or marvelous. open to doubt.
peripatetic adj. Walking about. phenomenon n. Any unusual occurrence. playful adj. Frolicsome.
perjure v. To swear falsely to. philander v. To play at courtship with a woman. playwright n. A maker of plays for the stage.
perjury n. A solemn assertion of a falsity. philanthropic adj. Benevolent. plea n. An argument to obtain some desired
permanence n. A continuance in the same philanthropist n. One who endeavors to help his action.
state, or without any change that destroys the fellow men. pleasant adj. Agreeable.
essential form or nature. philanthropy n. Active humanitarianism. pleasurable adj. Affording gratification.
permanent adj. Durable. philately n. The study and collection of stamps. plebeian adj. Common.
permeate v. To pervade. philharmonic adj. Fond of music. pledgee n. The person to whom anything is
permissible adj. That may be allowed. philogynist n. One who is fond of women. pledged.
permutation n. Reciprocal change, different philologist n. An expert in linguistics. pledgeor n. One who gives a pledge.
ordering of same items. philology n. The study of language in connection plenary adj. Entire.
pernicious adj. Tending to kill or hurt. with history and literature. plenipotentiary n. A person fully empowered
perpendicular adj. Straight up and down. philosophize v. To seek ultimate causes and to transact any business.
perpetrator n. The doer of a wrong or a principles. plenitude n. Abundance.
criminal act. philosophy n. The general principles, laws, or plenteous adj. Abundant.
perpetuate v. To preserve from extinction or causes that furnish the rational explanation of plumb n. A weight suspended by a line to test
oblivion. anything. the verticality of something.
perquisite n. Any profit from service beyond phlegmatic adj. Not easily roused to feeling or plummet n. A piece of lead for making
the amount fixed as salary or wages. action. soundings, adjusting walls to the vertical.
persecution n. Harsh or malignant phonetic adj. Representing articulate sounds or pluperfect adj. Expressing past time or action
oppression. speech. prior to some other past time or action.
perseverance n. A persistence in purpose phonic adj. Pertaining to the nature of sound. plural adj. Containing or consisting of more
and effort. phonogram n. A graphic character symbolizing than one.
persevere v. To continue striving in spite of an articulate sound. plurality n. A majority.
discouragements. phonology n. The science of human vocal plutocracy n. A wealthy class in a political
persiflage n. Banter. sounds. community who control the government by
persist v. To continue steadfast against phosphorescence n. The property of emitting means of their money.
opposition. light. pneumatic adj. Pertaining to or consisting of
persistence n. A fixed adherence to a photoelectric adj. Pertaining to the combined air or gas.
resolve, course of conduct, or the like. action of light and electricity. poesy n. Poetry.
personage n. A man or woman as an photometer n. Any instrument for measuring the poetaster n. An inferior poet.
individual, especially one of rank or high intensity of light or comparing the intensity of poetic adj. Pertaining to poetry.
station. two lights. poetics n. The rules and principles of poetry.
personal adj. Not general or public. photometry n. The art of measuring the intensity poignancy n. Severity or acuteness, especially
personality n. The attributes, taken of light. of pain or grief.
collectively, that make up the character and physicist n. A specialist in the science that treats poignant adj. Severely painful or acute to the
nature of an individual. of the phenomena associated with matter and spirit.
poise n. Equilibrium. precipice n. A high and very steep or Preservation n. Conservation.
polar adj. Pertaining to the poles of a sphere, approximately vertical cliff. presumption n. That which may be logically
especially of the earth. precipitant adj. Moving onward quickly and assumed to be true until disproved.
polemics n. The art of controversy or heedlessly. presumptuous adj. Assuming too much.
disputation. precipitate v. To force forward prematurely. pretension n. A bold or presumptuous
pollen n. The fine dust-like grains or powder precise adj. Exact. assertion.
formed within the anther of a flowering plant. precision n. Accuracy of limitation, definition, or pretentious adj. Marked by pretense, conceit,
pollute v. To contaminate. adjustment. or display.
polyarchy n. Government by several or preclude v. To prevent. preternatural adj. Extraordinary.
many persons of what- ever class. precocious adj. Having the mental faculties pretext n. A fictitious reason or motive.
polycracy n. The rule of many. prematurely developed. prevalence n. Frequency.
polygamy n. the fact or condition of having precursor n. A forerunner or herald. prevalent adj. Of wide extent or frequent
more than one wife or husband at once. predatory adj. Prone to pillaging. occurrence.
polyglot adj. Speaking several tongues. predecessor n. An incumbent of a given office prevaricate v. To use ambiguous or evasive
polygon n. A figure having many angles. previous to another. language for the purpose of deceiving or
polyhedron n. A solid bounded by plane predicament n. A difficult, trying situation or diverting attention.
faces, especially by more than four. plight. prevention n. Thwarting.
polysyllable adj. Having several syllables, predicate v. To state as belonging to something. prickle v. To puncture slightly with fine, sharp
especially more than three syllables. predict v. To foretell. points.
polytechnic adj. Pertaining to, embracing, or prediction n. A prophecy. priggish adj. Conceited.
practicing many arts. predominance n. Ascendancy or preponderance. prim adj. Stiffly proper.
polytheism n. The doctrine or belief that predominant adj. Superior in power, influence, prima adj. First.
there are more gods than one. effectiveness, number, or degree. primer n. An elementary reading-book for
pommel v. To beat with something thick or predominate v. To be chief in importance, children.
bulky. quantity, or degree. primeval adj. Belonging to the first ages.
pomposity n. The quality of being marked by preeminence n. Special eminence. primitive adj. Pertaining to the beginning or
an assumed stateliness and impressiveness of preempt v. To secure the right of preference in early times.
manner. the purchase of public land. principal adj. Most important.
pompous adj. Marked by an assumed preemption n. The right or act of purchasing principality n. The territory of a reigning
stateliness and impressiveness of manner. before others. prince.
ponder v. To meditate or reflect upon. preengage v. To preoccupy. principle n. A general truth or proposition.
ponderous adj. Unusually weighty or preestablish v. To settle or arrange beforehand. priory n. A monastic house.
forcible. preexist v. To exist at a period or in a state pristine adj. Primitive.
pontiff n. The Pope. earlier than something else. privateer n. A vessel owned and officered by
populace n. The common people. preexistence n. Existence antecedent to private persons, but carrying on maritime war.
populous adj. Containing many inhabitants, something. privilege n. A right or immunity not enjoyed
especially in proportion to the territory. preface n. A brief explanation or address to the by all, or that may be enjoyed only under
portend v. To indicate as being about to reader, at the beginning of a book. special conditions.
happen, especially by previous signs. prefatory adj. Pertaining to a brief explanation to privity n. Knowledge shared with another or
portent n. Anything that indicates what is to the reader at the beginning of a book. others regarding a private matter.
happen. prefer v. To hold in higher estimation. privy adj. Participating with another or others
portfolio n. A portable case for holding preferable adj. More desirable than others. in the knowledge of a secret transaction.
writing-materials, drawings, etc. preference n. An object of favor or choice. probate adj. Relating to making proof, as of a
posit v. To present in an orderly manner. preferential adj. Possessing, giving, or will.
position n. The manner in which a thing is constituting preference or priority. probation n. Any proceeding designed to
placed. preferment n. Preference. ascertain or test character, qualification, or the
positive adj. Free from doubt or hesitation. prefix v. To attach at the beginning. like.
posse n. A force of men. prehensible adj. Capable of being grasped. probe v. To search through and through.
possess v. To own. prehensile adj. Adapted for grasping or holding. probity n. Virtue or integrity tested and
possession n. The having, holding, or prehension n. The act of laying hold of or confirmed.
detention of property in one's power or grasping. procedure n. A manner or method of acting.
command. prejudice n. A judgment or opinion formed proceed v. To renew motion or action, as after
possessive adj. Pertaining to the having, without due examination of the facts. rest or interruption.
holding, or detention of property in one's prelacy n. A system of church government. proclamation n. Any announcement made in a
power or command. prelate n. One of a higher order of clergy having public manner.
possessor n. One who owns, enjoys, or direct authority over other clergy. procrastinate v. To put off till tomorrow or till
controls anything, as property. prelude n. An introductory or opening a future time.
possible adj. Being not beyond the reach of performance. procrastination n. Delay.
power natural, moral, or supernatural. premature adj. Coming too soon. proctor n. An agent acting for another.
postdate v. To make the date of any writing premier adj. First in rank or position. prodigal n. One wasteful or extravagant,
later than the real date. premise n. A judgment as a conclusion. especially in the use of money or property.
posterior n. The hinder part. premonition n. Foreboding. prodigious adj. Immense.
postgraduate adj. Pertaining to studies that preoccupation n. The state of having the mind, prodigy n. A person or thing of very
are pursued after receiving a degree. attention, or inclination preoccupied. remarkable gifts or qualities.
postscript n. Something added to a letter preoccupy v. To fill the mind of a person to the productive adj. Yielding in abundance.
after the writer's signature. exclusion of other subjects.
potency n. Power. preordain v. To foreordain. profession n. Any calling or occupation
potent adj. Physically powerful. preparation n. An act or proceeding designed to involving special mental or other special
potentate n. One possessed of great power or bring about some event. disciplines.
sway. preparatory adj. Having to do with what is professor n. A public teacher of the highest
potential n. Anything that may be possible. preliminary. grade in a university or college.
preponderant adj. Prevalent. proffer v. To offer to another for acceptance.
potion n. A dose of liquid medicine. preponderate v. To exceed in influence or proficiency n. An advanced state of
powerless adj. Impotent. power. acquirement, as in some knowledge, art, or
practicable adj. Feasible. prepossession n. A preconceived liking. science.
prate v. To talk about vainly or foolishly. preposterous adj. Utterly ridiculous or absurd. proficient adj. Possessing ample and ready
prattle v. To utter in simple or childish talk. prerogative adj. Having superior rank or knowledge or of skill in any art, science, or
preamble n. A statement introductory to and precedence. industry.
explanatory of what follows. presage v. To foretell. profile n. An outline or contour.
precarious adj. Perilous. prescience n. Knowledge of events before they profiteer n. One who profits.
precaution n. A provision made in advance take place. profligacy n. Shameless viciousness.
for some possible emergency or danger. prescient adj. Foreknowing. profligate adj. Abandoned to vice.
precede v. To happen first. prescript adj. Prescribed as a rule or model. profuse adj. Produced or displayed in
precedence n. Priority in place, time, or rank. prescriptible adj. Derived from authoritative overabundance.
precedent n. An instance that may serve as a direction. progeny n. Offspring.
guide or basis for a rule. prescription n. An authoritative direction. progression n. A moving forward or
precedential adj. Of the nature of an instance presentient adj. Perceiving or feeling proceeding in course.
that may serve as a guide or basis for a rule. beforehand. prohibition n. A decree or an order forbidding
precession n. The act of going forward. presentiment n. Foreboding. something.
presentment n. Semblance.
prohibitionist n. One who favors the protuberance n. Something that swells out from quarterly adj. Occurring or made at intervals
prohibition by law of the manufacture and a surrounding surface. of three months.
sale of alcoholic beverages. protuberant adj. Bulging. quartet n. A composition for four voices or
prohibitory adj. Involving or equivalent to protuberate v. To swell or bulge beyond the four instruments.
prohibition, especially of the sale of alcoholic surrounding surface. quarto n. An eight-page newspaper of any
beverages. proverb n. A brief, pithy saying, condensing in size.
projection n. A prominence. witty or striking form the wisdom of experience. quay n. A wharf or artificial landing-place on
proletarian n. A person of the lowest or provident adj. Anticipating and making ready for the shore of a harbor or projecting into it.
poorest class. future wants or emergencies. querulous adj. Habitually complaining.
prolific adj. Producing offspring or fruit. providential adj. Effected by divine guidance. query v. To make inquiry.
prolix adj. Verbose. provincial adj. Uncultured in thought and queue n. A file of persons waiting in order of
prologue n. A prefatory statement or manner. their arrival, as for admittance.
explanation to a poem, discourse, or proviso n. A clause in a contract, will, etc., by quibble n. An utterly trivial distinction or
performance. which its operation is rendered conditional. objection.
prolong v. To extend in time or duration. provocation n. An action or mode of conduct quiescence n. Quiet.
promenade v. To walk for amusement or that excites resentment. quiescent adj. Being in a state of repose or
exercise. prowess n. Strength, skill, and intrepidity in inaction.
prominence n. The quality of being battle. quiet adj. Making no noise.
noticeable or distinguished. proximately adv. Immediately. quietus n. A silencing, suppressing, or ending.
prominent adj. Conspicuous in position, proxy n. A person who is empowered by another quintessence n. The most essential part of
character, or importance. to represent him or her in a given matter. anything.
promiscuous adj. Brought together without prudence n. Caution. quintet n. Musical composition arranged for
order, distinction, or design (for sex). prudential adj. Proceeding or marked by caution. five voices or instruments.
promissory adj. Expressing an engagement prudery n. An undue display of modesty or quite adv. Fully.
to pay. delicacy. Quixotic adj. Chivalrous or romantic to a
promontory n. A high point of land prurient adj. Inclined to lascivious thoughts and ridiculous or extravagant degree.
extending outward from the coastline into the desires. rabid adj. Affected with rabies or hydrophobia.
sea. pseudapostle n. A pretended or false apostle. racy adj. Exciting or exhilarating to the mind.
promoter n. A furtherer, forwarder, or pseudonym n. A fictitious name, especially when radiance n. Brilliant or sparkling luster.
encourager. assumed by a writer. radiate v. To extend in all directions, as from a
promulgate v. To proclaim. pseudonymity n. The state or character of using source or focus.
propaganda n. Any institution or systematic a fictitious name. radical n. One who holds extreme views or
scheme for propagating a doctrine or system. psychiatry n. The branch of medicine that relates advocates extreme measures.
propagate v. To spread abroad or from to mental disease. radix n. That from or on which something is
person to person. psychic adj. Pertaining to the mind or soul. developed.
propel v. To drive or urge forward. psychopathic adj. Morally irresponsible. raillery n. Good-humored satire.
propellant adj. Propelling. psychotherapy n. The treatment of mental ramify v. To divide or subdivide into branches
propeller n. One who or that which propels. disease. or subdivisions.
prophecy n. Any prediction or foretelling. pudgy adj. Small and fat. ramose adj. Branch-like.
prophesy v. To predict or foretell, especially puerile adj. Childish. rampant adj. Growing, climbing, or running
under divine inspiration and guidance. pugnacious adj. Quarrelsome. without check or restraint.
propitious adj. Kindly disposed. puissant adj. Possessing strength. rampart n. A bulwark or construction to
proportionate adj. Being in proportion. pulmonary adj. Pertaining to the lungs. oppose assault or hostile entry.
propriety n. Accordance with recognized punctilious adj. Strictly observant of the rules or rancor n. Malice.
usage, custom, or principles. forms prescribed by law or custom. rankle v. To produce irritation or festering.
propulsion n. A driving onward or forward. punctual adj. Observant and exact in points of rapacious adj. Disposed to seize by violence or
prosaic adj. Unimaginative. time. by unlawful or greedy methods.
proscenium n. That part of the stage between pungent adj. Affecting the sense of smell. rapid adj. Having great speed.
the curtain and the orchestra. pungency n. The quality of affecting the sense of rapine n. The act of seizing and carrying off
proscribe v. To reject, as a teaching or a smell. property by superior force, as in war.
practice, with condemnation or denunciation. punitive adj. Pertaining to punishment. rapt adj. Enraptured.
proscription n. Any act of condemnation and pupilage n. The state or period of being a raptorial adj. Seizing and devouring living
rejection from favor and privilege. student. prey.
proselyte n. One who has been won over purgatory n. An intermediate state where souls ration v. To provide with a fixed allowance or
from one religious belief to another. are made fit for paradise or heaven by expiatory portion, especially of food.
prosody n. The science of poetical forms. suffering. rationalism n. The formation of opinions by
prospector n. One who makes exploration, purl v. To cause to whirl, as in an eddy. relying upon reason alone, independently of
search, or examination, especially for purloin v. To steal. authority.
minerals. purport n. Intent. raucous adj. Harsh.
prospectus n. A paper or pamphlet purveyor n. one who supplies ravage v. To lay waste by pillage, rapine,
containing information of a proposed pusillanimous adj. Without spirit or bravery. devouring, or other destructive methods.
undertaking. putrescent adj. Undergoing decomposition of ravenous adj. Furiously voracious or hungry.
prostrate adj. Lying prone, or with the head animal or vegetable matter accompanied by fetid ravine n. A deep gorge or hollow, especially
to the ground. odors. one worn by a stream or flow of water.
protagonist n. A leader in any enterprise or pyre n. A heap of combustibles arranged for reaction n. Tendency towards a former, or
contest. burning a dead body. opposite state of things, as after reform,
protection n. Preservation from harm, pyromania n. An insane propensity to set things revolution, or inflation.
danger, annoyance, or any other evil. on fire. reactionary adj. Pertaining to, of the nature of,
protective adj. Sheltering. pyrotechnic adj. Pertaining to fireworks or their causing, or favoring reaction.
protector n. A defender. manufacture. readily adv. Without objection or reluctance.
protégé n. One specially cared for and pyx n. A vessel or casket, usually of precious readjust v. To put in order after
favored by another usually older person. metal, in which the host is preserved. disarrangement.
Protestant n. A Christian who denies the quackery n. Charlatanry ready adj. In a state of preparedness for any
authority of the Pope and holds the right of quadrate v. To divide into quarters. given purpose or occasion.
special judgment. quadruple v. To multiply by four. realism n. The principle and practice of
protomartyr n. The earliest victim in any qualification n. A requisite for an employment, depicting persons and scenes as they are
cause. position, right, or privilege. believed really to exist.
qualify v. To endow or furnish with requisite earrange v. To arrange again or in a different
protocol n. A declaration or memorandum of ability, character, knowledge, skill, or order.
agreement less solemn and formal than a possessions. reassure v. To give new confidence.
treaty. qualm n. A fit of nausea. rebellious adj. Insubordinate.
protoplasm n. The substance that forms the rebuff n. A peremptory or unexpected rejection
principal portion of an animal or vegetable quandary n. A puzzling predicament. of advances or approaches.
cell. quantity n. Magnitude. rebuild v. To build again or anew.
prototype n. A work, original in character, quarantine n. The enforced isolation of any rebut v. To oppose by argument or a sufficient
afterward imitated in form or spirit. person or place infected with contagious disease. answer.
protract v. To prolong. quarrelsome adj. Irascible.
protrude v. To push out or thrust forth. quarter n. One of four equal parts into which recant v. To withdraw formally one's belief (in
protrusion n. The act of protruding. anything is or may be divided. something previously believed or maintained).
recapitulate v. To repeat again the principal reflexible adj. Capable of being reflected. repel v. To force or keep back in a manner,
points of. reform n. Change for the better. physically or mentally.
recapture v. To capture again. reformer n. One who carries out a reform. repellent adj. Having power to force back in a
recede v. To move back or away. refract v. To bend or turn from a direct course. manner, physically or mentally.
receivable adj. Capable of being or fit to be refractory adj. Not amenable to control. repentance n. Sorrow for something done or
received - often money. refragable adj. Capable of being refuted. left undone, with desire to make things right by
receptive adj. Having the capacity, quality, refringency n. Power to refract. undoing the wrong.
or ability of receiving, as truths or refringent adj. Having the power to refract. repertory n. A place where things are stored or
impressions. refusal n. Denial of what is asked. gathered together.
recessive adj. Having a tendency to go back. refute v. To prove to be wrong. repetition n. The act of repeating.
recidivist n. A confirmed criminal. regale v. To give unusual pleasure. repine v. To indulge in fretfulness and
reciprocal adj. Mutually interchangeable or regalia n. pl. The emblems of royalty. faultfinding.
convertible. regality n. Royalty. replenish v. To fill again, as something that
reciprocate v. To give and take mutually. regenerate v. To reproduce. has been emptied.
reciprocity n. Equal mutual rights and regent n. One who is lawfully deputized to replete adj. Full to the uttermost.
benefits granted and enjoyed. administer the government for the time being in replica n. A duplicate executed by the artist
recitation n. The act of reciting or repeating, the name of the ruler. himself, and regarded, equally with the first, as
especially in public and from memory. regicide n. The killing of a king or sovereign. an original.
reck v. To have a care or thought for. regime n. Particular conduct or administration of repository n. A place in which goods are
reckless adj. Foolishly headless of danger. affairs. stored.
reclaim v. To demand or to obtain the return regimen n. A systematized order or course of reprehend v. To find fault with.
or restoration of. living with reference to food, clothing and Reprehensible adj. Censurable.
recline v. To cause to assume a leaning or personal habits. reprehension n. Expression of blame.
recumbent attitude or position. regiment n. A body of soldiers. repress v. To keep under restraint or control.
recluse n. One who lives in retirement or regnant adj. Exercising royal authority in one's repressible adj. Able to be kept under restraint
seclusion. own right. or control.
reclusory n. A hermitage. regress v. To return to a former place or reprieve v. To grant a respite from punishment
recognizance n. An acknowledgment entered condition. to.
into before a court with condition to do some regretful adj. Feeling, expressive of, or full of reprimand v. To chide or rebuke for a fault.
particular act. regret. reprisal n. Any infliction or act by way of
recognize v. To recall the identity of (a rehabilitate v. To restore to a former status, retaliation on an enemy.
person or thing). capacity, right rank, or privilege. reprobate n. One abandoned to depravity and
recoil v. To start back as in dismay, loathing, reign v. To hold and exercise sovereign power. sin.
or dread. reimburse v. To pay back as an equivalent of reproduce v. To make a copy of.
recollect v. To recall the knowledge of. what has been expended. reproduction n. The process by which an
reconcilable adj. Capable of being adjusted rein n. A step attached to the bit for controlling a animal or plant gives rise to another of its kind.
or harmonized. horse or other draft-animal. reproof n. An expression of disapproval or
reconnoiter v. To make a preliminary reinstate v. To restore to a former state, station, blame personally addressed to one censured.
examination of for military, surveying, or or authority. repudiate v. To refuse to have anything to do
geological purposes. reiterate v. To say or do again and again. with.
reconsider v. To review with care, especially rejoin v. To reunite after separation. repugnance n. Thorough dislike.
with a view to a reversal of previous action. rejuvenate v. To restore to youth. repugnant adj. Offensive to taste and feeling.
reconstruct v. To rebuild. rejuvenescence n. A renewal of youth. repulse n. The act of beating or driving back,
recourse n. Resort to or application for help relapse v. To suffer a return of a disease after as an attacking or advancing enemy.
in exigency or trouble. partial recovery. repulsive adj. Grossly offensive.
recover v. To regain. relegate v. To send off or consign, as to an repute v. To hold in general opinion.
recreant n. A cowardly or faithless person. obscure position or remote destination. requiem n. A solemn mass sung for the repose
recreate v. To refresh after labor. relent v. To yield. of the souls of the dead.
recrudescence n. The state of becoming raw relevant adj. Bearing upon the matter in hand. requisite adj. Necessary.
or sore again. reliance n. Dependence. requital n. Adequate return for good or ill.
recrudescent adj. Becoming raw or sore reliant adj. Having confidence. requite v. To repay either good or evil to, as to
again. relinquish v. To give up using or having. a person.
recruit v. To enlist men for military or naval reliquary n. A casket, coffer, or repository in rescind v. To make void, as an act, by the
service. which relics are kept. enacting authority or a superior authority.
rectify v. To correct. relish v. To like the taste or savor of. reseat v. To place in position of office again.
rectitude n. The quality of being upright in reluctance n. Unwillingness. resemblance n. Similarity in quality or form.
principles and conduct. reluctant adj. Unwilling. resent v. To be indignant at, as an injury or
recuperate v. To recover. remembrance n. Recollection. insult.
recur v. To happen again or repeatedly, reminiscence n. The calling to mind of incidents reservoir n. A receptacle where a quantity of
especially at regular intervals. within the range of personal knowledge or some material, especially of a liquid or gas,
recure v. To cure again. experience. may be kept.
recurrent adj. Returning from time to time, reminiscent adj. Pertaining to the recollection of residue n. A remainder or surplus after a part
especially at regular or stated intervals. matters of personal interest. has been separated or otherwise treated.
redemption n. The recovery of what is remiss adj. Negligent. resilience n. The power of springing back to a
mortgaged or pledged, by paying the debt. remission n. Temporary diminution of a disease. former position
redolent adj. Smelling sweet and agreeable. remodel v. Reconstruct. resilient adj. Having the quality of springing
redolence n. Smelling sweet and agreeable. remonstrance n. Reproof. back to a former position.
redoubtable adj. Formidable. remonstrant adj. Having the character of a resistance n. The exertion of opposite effort or
redound n. Rebound. reproof. effect.
redress v. To set right, as a wrong by remonstrate v. To present a verbal or written resistant adj. Offering or tending to produce
compensation or the punishment of the protest to those who have power to right or resistance.
wrong-doer. prevent a wrong. resistive adj. Having or exercising the power of
reducible adj. That may be reduced. remunerate v. To pay or pay for. resistance.
redundance n. Excess. remuneration n. Compensation. resistless adj. Powerless.
redundant adj. Constituting an excess. Renaissance n. The revival of letters, and then of resonance n. The quality of being able to
reestablish v. To restore. art, which marks the transition from medieval to reinforce sound by sympathetic vibrations.
refer v. To direct or send for information or modern time. resonance adj. Able to reinforce sound by
other purpose. rendezvous n. A prearranged place of meeting. sympathetic vibrations.
referrer n. One who refers. rendition n. Interpretation. resonate v. To have or produce resonance.
referable adj. Ascribable. renovate v. To restore after deterioration, as a resource n. That which is restored to, relied
referee n. An umpire. building. upon, or made available for aid or support.
refinery n. A place where some crude renunciation n. An explicit disclaimer of a right respite n. Interval of rest.
material, as sugar or petroleum, is purified. or privilege. resplendent adj. Very bright.
reflectible adj. Capable of being turned back. reorganize v. To change to a more satisfactory respondent adj. Answering.
reflection n. The throwing off or back of form of organization. restitution n. Restoration of anything to the
light, heat, sound, or any form of energy that reparable adj. Capable of repair. one to whom it properly belongs.
travels in waves. reparation n. The act of making amends, as for resumption n. The act of taking back, or
reflector n. A mirror, as of metal, for an injury, loss, or wrong. taking again.
reflecting light, heat, or sound in a particular repartee n. A ready, witty, or apt reply. resurgent adj. Surging back or again.
direction. repeal v. To render of no further effect. resurrection n. A return from death to life
resuscitate v. To restore from apparent ruffian adj. A lawless or recklessly brutal fellow. secede v. To withdraw from union or
death. ruminant adj. Chewing the cud. association, especially from a political or
retaliate v. To repay evil with a similar evil. ruminate v. To chew over again, as food religious body.
retch v. To make an effort to vomit. previously swallowed and regurgitated. secession n. Voluntary withdrawal from
retention n. The keeping of a thing within rupture v. To separate the parts of by violence. fellowship, especially from political or
one's power or possession. rustic adj. Characteristic of dwelling in the religious bodies.
reticence n. The quality of habitually country. seclude v. To place, keep, or withdraw from
keeping silent or being reserved in utterance. ruth n. Sorrow for another's misery. the companionship of others.
reticent adj. Habitually keeping silent or sacrifice v. To make an offering of to deity, seclusion n. Solitude.
being reserved in utterance. especially by presenting on an altar. secondary adj. Less important or effective than
retinue n. The body of persons who attend a sacrificial adj. Offering or offered as an that which is primary.
person of importance in travel or public atonement for sin. secondly adv. In the second place in order or
appearance. sacrilege n. The act of violating or profaning succession.
retort n. A retaliatory speech. anything sacred. second-rate adj. Second in quality, size, rank,
retouch v. To modify the details of. sacrilegious adj. Impious. importance, etc.
retrace v. To follow backward or toward the safeguard v. To protect. secrecy n. Concealment.
place of beginning, as a track or marking. sagacious adj. Able to discern and distinguish secretary n. One who attends to
retract v. To recall or take back (something with wise perception. correspondence, keeps records. or does other
that one has said). salacious adj. Having strong sexual desires. writing for others.
retrench v. To cut down or reduce in extent salience n. The condition of standing out secretive adj. Having a tendency to conceal.
or quantity. distinctly. sedate adj. Even-tempered.
retrieve v. To recover something by salient adj. Standing out prominently. sedentary adj. Involving or requiring much
searching. saline adj. Constituting or consisting of salt. sitting.
retroactive adj. Operative on, affecting, or salutary adj. Beneficial. sediment n. Matter that settles to the bottom of
having reference to past events, transactions, salutation n. Any form of greeting, hailing, or a liquid.
responsibilities. welcome, whether by word or act. sedition n. Conduct directed against public
retrograde v. To cause to deteriorate or to salutatory n. The opening oration at the order and the tranquility of the state.
move backward. commencement in American colleges. seditious adj. Promotive of conduct directed
retrogression n. A going or moving salvage n. Any act of saving property. against public order and the tranquility of the
backward or in a reverse direction. salvo n. A salute given by firing all the guns, as state.
retrospect n. A view or contemplation of at the funeral of an officer. seduce v. To entice to surrender chastity.
something past. sanctimonious adj. Making an ostentatious sedulous adj. Persevering in effort or endeavor.
retrospective adj. Looking back on the past. display or hypocritical pretense of holiness or seer n. A prophet.
reunite v. To unite or join again, as after piety. seethe v. To be violently excited or agitated.
separation. sanction v. To approve authoritatively. seignior n. A title of honor or respectful
revelation n. A disclosing, discovering, or sanctity n. Holiness. address, equivalent to sir.
making known of what was before secret, sanguinary adj. Bloody. seismograph n. An instrument for recording
private, or unknown. sanguine adj. Having the color of blood. the phenomena of earthquakes.
revere v. To regard with worshipful sanguineous adj. Consisting of blood. seize v. To catch or take hold of suddenly and
veneration. sapid adj. Affecting the sense of taste. forcibly.
reverent adj. Humble. sapience n. Deep wisdom or knowledge. selective adj. Having the power of choice.
reversion n. A return to or toward some sapient adj. Possessing wisdom. self-respect n. Rational self-esteem.
former state or condition. sapiential adj. Possessing wisdom. semblance n. Outward appearance.
revert v. To return, or turn or look back, as saponaceous adj. Having the nature or quality of semicivilized adj. Half-civilized.
toward a former position or the like. soap. semiconscious adj. Partially conscious.
revile v. To heap approach or abuse upon. sarcasm n. Cutting and reproachful language. semiannual adj. Recurring at intervals of six
revisal n. Revision. sarcophagus n. A stone coffin or a chest-like months.
revise v. To examine for the correction of tomb. semicircle n. A half-circle.
errors, or for the purpose of making changes. sardonic adj. Scornfully or bitterly sarcastic. seminar n. Any assemblage of pupils for real
revocation n. Repeal. satiate v. To satisfy fully the appetite or desire research in some specific study under a teacher.
revoke v. To rescind. of. seminary n. A special school, as of theology or
rhapsody n. Rapt or rapturous utterance. satire n. The employment of sarcasm, irony, or pedagogics.
rhetoric n. The art of discourse. keenness of wit in ridiculing vices. senile adj. Peculiar to or proceeding from the
rhetorician n. A showy writer or speaker. satiric adj. Resembling poetry, in which vice, weakness or infirmity of old age.
ribald adj. Indulging in or manifesting coarse incapacity ,or corruption is held up to ridicule. sensation n. A condition of mind resulting
indecency or obscenity. satirize v. To treat with sarcasm or derisive wit. from spiritual or inherent feeling.
riddance n. The act or ridding or delivering satyr n. A very lascivious person. sense n. The signification conveyed by some
from something undesirable. savage n. A wild and uncivilized human being. word, phrase, or action.
ridicule n. Looks or acts expressing amused savor v. To perceive by taste or smell. sensibility n. Power to perceive or feel.
contempt. scabbard n. The sheath of a sword or similar sensitive adj. Easily affected by outside
ridiculous adj. Laughable and contemptible. bladed weapon. operations or influences.
rife adj. Abundant. scarcity n. Insufficiency of supply for needs or Sensorium n. The sensory apparatus.
righteousness n. Rectitude. ordinary demands. sensual adj. Pertaining to the body or the
rightful adj. Conformed to a just claim scholarly adj. Characteristic of an erudite person. physical senses.
according to established laws or usage. scholastic adj. Pertaining to education or schools. sensuous adj. Having a warm appreciation of
rigmarole n. Nonsense. scintilla n. The faintest ray. the beautiful or of the refinements of luxury.
rigor n. Inflexibility. scintillate v. To emit or send forth sparks or little sentence n. A related group of words
rigorous adj. Uncompromising. flashes of light. containing a subject and a predicate and
ripplet n. A small ripple, as of water. scope n. A range of action or view. expressing a complete thought.
risible adj. capable of exciting laughter. scoundrel n. A man without principle. sentience n. Capacity for sensation or sense -
rivulet n. A small stream or brook. scribble n. Hasty, careless writing. perception.
robust adj. Characterized by great strength or scribe n. One who writes or is skilled in writing. sentient adj. Possessing the power of sense or
power of endurance. script n. Writing or handwriting of the ordinary sense-perception.
rondo n. A musical composition during cursive form. sentinel n. Any guard or watch stationed for
which the first part or subject is repeated Scriptural adj. Pertaining to, contained in, or protection.
several times. warranted by the Holy Scriptures. separable adj. Capable of being disjoined or
rookery n. A place where crows congregate scruple n. Doubt or uncertainty regarding a divided.
to breed. question of moral right or duty. separate v. To take apart.
rotary adj. Turning around its axis, like a scrupulous adj. Cautious in action for fear of separatist n. A seceder.
wheel, or so constructed as to turn thus. doing wrong. septennial adj. Recurring every seven years.
rotate v. To cause to turn on or as on its axis, scurrilous adj. Grossly indecent or vulgar. sepulcher n. A burial-place.
as a wheel. scuttle v. To sink (a ship) by making holes in the sequacious adj. Ready to be led.
rote n. Repetition of words or sounds as a bottom. sequel n. That which follows in consequence
means of learning them, with slight attention. scythe n. A long curved blade for mowing, of what has previously happened.
rotund adj. Round from fullness or reaping, etc. sequence n. The order in which a number or
plumpness. séance n. A meeting of spirituals for consulting persons, things, or events follow one another in
rudimentary adj. Being in an initial, early, spirits. space or time.
or incomplete stage of development. sear v. To burn on the surface. sequent adj. Following in the order of time.
rue v. To regret extremely. sebaceous adj. Pertaining to or appearing like fat. sequester v. To cause to withdraw or retire, as
secant adj. Cutting, especially into two parts. from society or public life.
sequestrate v. To confiscate. solace n. Comfort in grief, trouble, or calamity. stallion n. An uncastrated male horse,
sergeant n. A non -commissioned military solar adj. Pertaining to the sun. commonly one kept for breeding.
officer ranking next above a corporal. solder n. A fusible alloy used for joining metallic stanchion n. A vertical bar, or a pair of bars,
sergeant-at-arms n. An executive officer in surfaces or margins. used to confine cattle in a stall.
legislative bodies who enforces the orders of soldier n. A person engaged in military service. stanza n. A group of rimed lines, usually
the presiding officer. solecism n. Any violation of established rules or forming one of a series of similar divisions in a
sergeant-major n. The highest non- customs. poem.
commissioned officer in a regiment. solicitor n. One who represents a client in court statecraft n. The art of conducting state affairs.
service n. Any work done for the benefit of of justice; an attorney. static adj. Pertaining to or designating bodies
another. solicitude n. Uneasiness of mind occasioned by at rest or forces in equilibrium.
serviceable adj. Durable. desire, anxiety, or fear. statics n. The branch of mechanics that treats
servitude n. Slavery. soliloquy n. A monologue. of the relations that subsist among forces in
severance n. Separation. solstice n. The time of year when the sun is at its order.
severely adv. Extremely. greatest declination. stationary adj. Not moving.
sextet n. A band of six singers or players. soluble adj. Capable of being dissolved, as in a statistician n. One who is skilled in collecting
sextuple adj. Multiplied by six. fluid. and tabulating numerical facts.
sheer adj. Absolute. solvent adj. Having sufficient funds to pay all statuesque adj. Having the grace, pose, or
shiftless adj. Wanting in resource, energy, or debts. quietude of a statue.
executive ability. somber adj. Gloomy. statuette n. A figurine.
shrewd adj. Characterized by skill at somniferous adj. Tending to produce sleep. stature n. The natural height of an animal
understanding and profiting by somnolence n. Oppressive drowsiness. body.
circumstances. somnolent adj. Sleepy. statute n. Any authoritatively declared rule,
shriek n. A sharp, shrill outcry or scream, sonata n. An instrumental composition. ordinance, decree, or law.
caused by agony or terror. sonnet n. A poem of fourteen decasyllabic or stealth n. A concealed manner of acting.
shrinkage n. A contraction of any material octosyllabiclines expressing two successive stellar adj. Pertaining to the stars.
into less bulk or dimension. phrases. steppe n. One of the extensive plains in Russia
shrivel v. To draw or be drawn into wrinkles. sonorous adj. Resonant. and Siberia.
shuffle n. A mixing or changing the order of soothsayer n. One who claims to have sterling adj. Genuine.
things. supernatural insight or foresight. stifle v. To smother.
sibilance n. A hissing sound. sophism n. A false argument understood to be stigma n. A mark of infamy or token of
sibilant adj. Made with a hissing sound. such by the reasoner himself and intentionally disgrace attaching to a person as the result of
sibilate v. To give a hissing sound to, as in used to deceive evil-doing.
pronouncing the letter s. sophistical adj. Fallacious. stiletto n. A small dagger.
sidelong adj. Inclining or tending to one side. sophisticate v. To deprive of simplicity of mind stimulant n. Anything that rouses to activity or
sidereal adj. Pertaining to stars or or manner. to quickened action.
constellations. sophistry n. Reasoning sound in appearance stimulate v. To rouse to activity or to
siege n. A beleaguerment. only, especially when designedly deceptive. quickened action.
significance n. Importance. soprano n. A woman's or boy's voice of high stimulus n. Incentive.
significant adj. Important, especially as range. stingy adj. Cheap, unwilling to spend money.
pointing something out. sorcery n. Witchcraft. stipend n. A definite amount paid at stated
signification n. The meaning conveyed by sordid adj. Of degraded character or nature. periods in compensation for services or as an
language, actions, or signs. souvenir n. A token of remembrance. allowance.
similar adj. Bearing resemblance to one sparse adj. Thinly diffused. Stoicism n. The principles or the practice of the
another or to something else. Spartan adj. Exceptionally brave; rigorously Stoics-being very even tempered in success and
simile n. A comparison which directs the severe. failure.
mind to the representative object itself. spasmodic adj. Convulsive. stolid adj. Expressing no power of feeling or
similitude n. Similarity. specialize v. To assume an individual or specific perceiving.
simplify v. To make less complex or character, or adopt a singular or special course. strait n. A narrow passage of water connecting
difficult. specialty n. An employment limited to one two larger bodies of water.
simulate v. Imitate. particular line of work. stratagem n. Any clever trick or device for
simultaneous adj. Occurring, done, or specie n. A coin or coins of gold, silver, copper, obtaining an advantage.
existing at the same time. or other metal. stratum n. A natural or artificial layer, bed, or
sinecure n. Any position having emoluments species n. A classificatory group of animals or thickness of any substance or material.
with few or no duties. plants subordinate to a genus. streamlet n. Rivulet.
singe v. To burn slightly or superficially. specimen n. One of a class of persons or things
sinister adj. Evil. regarded as representative of the class. stringency n. Strictness.
sinuosity n. The quality of curving in and specious adj. Plausible. stringent adj. Rigid.
out. spectator n. One who beholds or looks on. stripling n. A mere youth.
sinuous adj. Curving in and out. specter n. Apparition. studious adj. Having or showing devotion to
sinus n. An opening or cavity. spectrum n. An image formed by rays of light or the acquisition of knowledge.
siren n. A sea-nymph, described by Homer other radiant energy. stultify v. To give an appearance of foolishness
as dwelling between the island of Circe and speculate v. To pursue inquiries and form to.
Scylla. conjectures. stupendous adj. Of prodigious size, bulk, or
sirocco n. hot winds from Africa. speculator n. One who makes an investment that degree.
sisterhood n. A body of sisters united by involves a risk of loss, but also a chance of profit. stupor n. Profound lethargy.
some bond of sympathy or by a religious sphericity n. The state or condition of being a suasion n. The act of persuading.
vow. sphere. suave adj. Smooth and pleasant in manner.
skeptic n. One who doubts any statements. spheroid n. A body having nearly the form of a subacid adj. Somewhat sharp or biting.
skepticism n. The entertainment of doubt sphere. subaquatic adj. Being, formed, or operating
concerning something. spherometer n. An instrument for measuring under water.
skiff n. Usually, a small light boat propelled curvature or radii of spherical surfaces. subconscious adj. Being or occurring in the
by oars. spinous adj. Having spines. mind, but without attendant consciousness or
skirmish n. Desultory fighting between spinster n. A woman who has never been conscious perception.
advanced detachments of two armies. married. subjacent adj. Situated directly underneath.
sleight n. A trick or feat so deftly done that spontaneous adj. Arising from inherent qualities subjection n. The act of bringing into a state of
the manner of performance escapes or tendencies without external efficient cause. submission.
observation. sprightly adj. Vivacious. subjugate v. To conquer.
slight adj. Of a small importance or spurious adj. Not genuine. subliminal adj. Being beneath the threshold of
significance. squabble v. To quarrel. consciousness.
slothful adj. Lazy. squalid adj. Having a dirty, mean, poverty- sublingual adj. Situated beneath the tongue.
sluggard n. A person habitually lazy or idle. stricken appearance. submarine adj. Existing, done, or operating
sociable adj. Inclined to seek company. squatter n. One who settles on land without beneath the surface of the sea.
socialism n. A theory of civil polity that aims permission or right. submerge v. To place or plunge under water.
to secure the reconstruction of society. stagnant adj. Not flowing: said of water, as in a submergence n. The act of submerging.
socialist adj. One who advocates pool. submersible adj. Capable of being put
reconstruction of society by collective stagnate v. To become dull or inert. underwater.
ownership of land and capital. stagnation n. The condition of not flowing or not submersion n. The act of submerging.
sociology n. The philosophical study of changing. submission n. A yielding to the power or
society. stagy adj. Having a theatrical manner. authority of another.
Sol n. The sun. staid adj. Of a steady and sober character. submittal n. The act of submitting.
subordinate adj. Belonging to an inferior surmise v. To conjecture. telepathy n. Thought-transference.
order in a classification. surmount v. To overcome by force of will. telephony n. The art or process of
subsequent adj. Following in time. surreptitious adj. Clandestine. communicating by telephone.
subservience n. The quality, character, or surrogate n. One who or that which is telescope v. To drive together so that one slides
condition of being servilely following substituted for or appointed to act in place of into the another like the sections of a spy-glass.
another's behests. another. telltale adj. That gives warning or information.
subservient adj. Servilely following surround v. To encircle. temerity n. Recklessness.
another's behests. surveyor n. A land-measurer. temporal adj. Pertaining to or concerned with
subside v. To relapse into a state of repose susceptibility n. A specific capability of feeling the affairs of the present life.
and tranquility. or emotion. temporary adj. Lasting for a short time only.
subsist v. To be maintained or sustained. susceptible adj. Easily under a specified power temporize v. To pursue a policy of delay.
subsistence n. Sustenance. or influence. tempt v. To offer to (somebody) an
substantive adj. Solid. suspense n. Uncertainty. inducement to do wrong.
subtend v. To extend opposite to. suspension n. A hanging from a support. tempter n. An allurer or enticer to evil.
subterfuge n. Evasion. suspicious adj. Inclined to doubt or mistrust. tenacious adj. Unyielding.
subterranean adj. Situated or occurring sustenance n. Food. tenant n. An occupant.
below the surface of the earth. swarthy adj. Having a dark hue, especially a dark tendency n. Direction or inclination, as toward
subtle adj. Discriminating. or sunburned complexion. some objector end.
subtrahend n. That which is to be Sybarite n. A luxurious person. tenet n. Any opinion, principle, dogma, or
subtracted. sycophant n. A servile flatterer, especially of doctrine that a person believes or maintains as
subversion n. An overthrow, as from the those in authority or influence. true.
foundation. syllabic adj. Consisting of that which is uttered in tenor n. A settled course or manner of
subvert v. To bring to ruin. a single vocal impulse. progress.
succeed v. To accomplish what is attempted Syllabication n. Division of words into that tense adj. Strained to stiffness.
or intended. which is uttered in a single vocal impulse. tentative adj. Done as an experiment.
success n. A favorable or prosperous course syllable n. That which is uttered in a single vocal tenure n. The term during which a thing is
or termination of anything attempted. impulse. held.
successful adj. Having reached a high degree syllabus n. Outline of a subject, course, lecture, tercentenary adj. Pertaining to a period of 300
of worldly prosperity. or treatise. years.
successor n. One who or that which takes the sylph n. A slender, graceful young woman or termagant adj. Violently abusive and
place of a predecessor or preceding thing. girl. quarrelsome.
succinct adj. Concise. Symmetrical adj. Well-balanced. terminal adj. Pertaining to or creative of a
succulent adj. Juicy. symmetry n. Relative proportion and harmony. boundary, limit.
succumb v. To cease to resist. sympathetic adj. Having a fellow-feeling for or terminate v. To put an end or stop to.
sufferance n. Toleration. like feelings with another or others. termination n. The act of ending or
sufficiency n. An ample or adequate supply. sympathize v. To share the sentiments or mental concluding.
suffrage n. The right or privilege of voting. states of another. terminus n. The final point or goal.
suffuse v. To cover or fill the surface of. symphonic adj. Characterized by a harmonious terrify v. To fill with extreme fear.
suggestible adj. That can be suggested. or agreeable mingling of sounds. territorial adj. Pertaining to the domain over
suggestive adj. Stimulating to thought or symphonious adj. Marked by a harmonious or which a sovereign state exercises jurisdiction.
reflection. agreeable mingling of sounds. terse adj. Pithy.
summary n. An abstract. symphony n. A harmonious or agreeable testament n. A will.
sumptuous adj. Rich and costly. mingling of sounds. testator n. The maker of a will.
superabundance n. An excessive amount. synchronism n. Simultaneousness. testimonial n. A formal token of regard, often
superadd v. To add in addition to what has syndicate n. An association of individuals united presented in public.
been added. for the prosecution of some enterprise. thearchy n. Government by a supreme deity.
superannuate v. To become deteriorated or syneresis n. The coalescence of two vowels or theism n. Belief in God.
incapacitated by long service. syllables, as e'er for ever. theocracy n. A government administered by
superb adj. Sumptuously elegant. synod n. An ecclesiastical council. ecclesiastics.
supercilious adj. Exhibiting haughty and synonym n. A word having the same or almost theocrasy n. The mixed worship of
careless contempt. the same meaning as some other. polytheism.
superficial adj. Knowing and understanding synopsis n. A syllabus or summary. theologian n. A professor of divinity.
only the ordinary and the obvious. systematic adj. Methodical. theological adj. Based on or growing out of
superfluity n. That part of anything that is in tableau n. An arrangement of inanimate figures divine revelation.
excess of what is needed. representing a scene from real life. theology n. The branch of theological science
superfluous adj. Being more than is needed. tacit adj. Understood. that treats of God.
superheat v. To heat to excess. taciturn adj. Disinclined to conversation. theoretical adj. Directed toward knowledge for
superintend v. To have the charge and tack n. A small sharp-pointed nail. its own sake without respect to applications.
direction of, especially of some work or tact n. Fine or ready mental discernment shown theorist n. One given to speculating.
movement. in saying or doing the proper thing. theorize v. To speculate.
superintendence n. Direction and tactician n. One who directs affairs with skill and thereabout adv. Near that number, quantity,
management. shrewdness. degree, place, or time, approximately.
superintendent n. One who has the charge tactics n. Any maneuvering or adroit therefor adv. For that or this.
and direction of, especially of some work or management for effecting an object. thermal adj. Of or pertaining to heat.
movement. tangency n. The state of touching. thermoelectric adj. Denoting electricity
superlative n. That which is of the highest tangent adj. Touching. produced by heat.
possible excellence or eminence. tangible adj. Perceptible by touch. thermoelectricity n. Electricity generated by
supernatural adj. Caused miraculously or by tannery n. A place where leather is tanned. differences of temperature,
the immediate exercise of divine power. tantalize v. To tease. thesis n. An essay or treatise on a particular
supernumerary adj. Superfluous. tantamount adj. Having equal or equivalent subject.
supersede v. To displace. value, effect, or import. thoroughbred adj. Bred from the best or
supine adj. Lying on the back. tapestry n. A fabric to which a pattern is applied purest blood or stock.
supplant v. To take the place of. with a needle, designed for ornamental hangings. thoroughfare n. A public street or road.
supple adj. Easily bent. tarnish v. To lessen or destroy the luster of in thrall n. One controlled by an appetite or a
supplementary adj. Being an addition to. any way. passion.
supplicant n. One who asks humbly and taut adj. Stretched tight. tilth n. Cultivation.
earnestly. taxation n. A levy, by government, of a fixed timbre n. The quality of a tone, as
supplicate v. To beg. contribution. distinguished from intensity and pitch.
supposition n. Conjecture. taxidermy n. The art or process of preserving timorous adj. Lacking courage.
suppress v. To prevent from being disclosed dead animals or parts of them. tincture n. A solution, usually alcoholic, of
or punished. technic adj. Technical. some principle used in medicine.
Suppressible adj. Capable of being technicality n. Something peculiar to a particular tinge n. A faint trace of color.
suppressed. art, trade, or the like. tipsy adj. Befuddled with drinks.
suppression n. A forcible putting or keeping technique n. Manner of performance. tirade n. Harangue.
down. technography n. The scientific description or tireless adj. Untiring.
supramundane adj. Supernatural. study of human arts and industries in their tiresome adj. Wearisome.
surcharge n. An additional amount charged. historic development. Titanic adj. Of vast size or strength.
surety n. Security for payment or technology n. The knowledge relating to toilsome adj. Laborious.
performance. industries and manufactures. tolerable adj. Moderately good.
surfeit v. To feed to fullness or to satiety. teem v. To be full to overflowing.
tolerance n. Forbearance in judging of the treasonable adj. Of the nature of betrayal, unbelief n. Doubt.
acts or opinions of others. treachery, or breech of allegiance. unbiased adj. Impartial, as judgment.
tolerant adj. Indulgent. treatise n. An elaborate literary composition unbridled adj. Being without restraint.
tolerate v. To passively permit or put up presenting a subject in all its parts. uncommon adj. Rare.
with. treble adj. Multiplied by three. unconscionable adj. Ridiculously or unjustly
toleration n. A spirit of charitable leniency. trebly adv. Triply. excessive.
topography n. The art of representing on a tremendous adj. Awe-inspiring. unconscious adj. Not cognizant of objects,
map the physical features of any locality or tremor n. An involuntary trembling or shivering. actions, etc.
region with accuracy. tremulous adj. Characterized by quivering or unction n. The art of anointing as with oil.
torpor n. Apathy. unsteadiness. unctuous adj. Oily.
torrid adj. Excessively hot. trenchant adj. Cutting deeply and quickly. undeceive v. To free from deception, as by
tortious adj. Wrongful. trepidation n. Nervous uncertainty of feeling. apprising of the real state of affairs.
tortuous adj. Abounding in irregular bends trestle n. An open braced framework for undercharge v. To make an inadequate charge
or turns. supporting the horizontal stringers of a railway- for.
torturous adj. Marked by extreme suffering. bridge. underexposed adj. Insufficiently exposed for
tractable adj. Easily led or controlled. triad n. A group of three persons of things. proper or full development, as negatives in
trait n. A distinguishing feature or quality. tribune n. Any champion of the rights and photography.
trajectory n. The path described by a liberties of the people: often used as the name for undergarment n. A garment to be worn under
projectile moving under given forces. a newspaper. the ordinary outer garments.
trammel n. An impediment. trickery n. Artifice. underman v. To equip with less than the full
tranquil adj. Calm. tricolor adj. Of three colors. complement of men.
tranquilize v. To soothe. tricycle n. A three-wheeled vehicle. undersell v. To sell at a lower price than.
tranquility n. Calmness. trident n. The three-pronged fork that was the undersized adj. Of less than the customary
transalpine adj. Situated on the other side of emblem of Neptune. size.
the Alps. triennial adj. Taking place every third year. underhanded adj. Clandestinely carried on.
transact v. To do business. trimness n. Neatness. underlie v. To be the ground or support of.
transatlantic adj. Situated beyond or on the trinity n. A threefold personality existing in the underling n. A subordinate.
other side of the Atlantic. one divine being or substance. undermine v. To subvert in an underhand way.
transcend v. To surpass. trio n. Three things grouped or associated underrate v. To undervalue.
transcendent adj. Surpassing. together. understate v. To fail to put strongly enough, as
transcontinental adj. Extending or passing triple adj. Threefold. a case.
across a continent. triplicate adj. Composed of or pertaining to three undervalue v. To underestimate.
transcribe v. To write over again (something related things or parts. underworld n. Hades.
already written) triplicity n. The state of being triple or threefold. underwrite v. To issue or be party to the issue
transcript n. A copy made directly from an tripod n. A three-legged stand, usually hinged of a policy of insurance.
original. near the top, for supporting some instrument. undue adj. More than sufficient.
transfer v. To convey, remove, or cause to trisect v. To divide into three parts, especially undulate v. To move like a wave or in waves.
pass from one person or place to another. into three equal parts. undulous adj. Resembling waves.
transferable adj. Capable of being conveyed trite adj. Made commonplace by frequent unfavorable adj. Adverse.
from one person or place to another. repetition. ungainly adj. Clumsy.
transferee n. The person to whom a transfer triumvir n. One of three men united coordinately unguent n. Any ointment or lubricant for local
is made. in public office or authority. application.
transference n. The act of conveying from trivial adj. Of little importance or value. unicellular adj. Consisting of a single cell.
one person or place to another. troublesome adj. Burdensome. univalence n. Monovalency.
transferrer n. One who or that which truculence n. Ferocity. unify v. To cause to be one.
conveys from one person or place to another. truculent adj. Having the character or the spirit unique adj. Being the only one of its kind.
transfigure v. To give an exalted meaning or of a savage. unison n. A condition of perfect agreement and
glorified appearance to. truism n. A statement so plainly true as hardly to accord.
transfuse v. To pour or cause to pass, as a require statement or proof. unisonant adj. Being in a condition of perfect
fluid, from one vessel to another. truthful adj. Veracious. agreement and accord.
transfusible adj. Capable of being poured turgid adj. Swollen. Unitarian adj. Pertaining to a religious body
from one vessel to another. turpitude n. Depravity. that rejects the doctrine of the Trinity.
transfusion n. The act of pouring from one tutelage n. The act of training or the state of unlawful adj. Illegal.
vessel to another. being under instruction. unlimited adj. Unconstrained. unnatural adj.
transgress v. To break a law. tutelar adj. Protective. Artificial.
transience n. Something that is of short tutorship n. The office of a guardian. unnecessary adj. Not essential under the
duration. twinge n. A darting momentary local pain. circumstances.
transient n. One who or that which is only of typical adj. Characteristic. unsettle v. To put into confusion.
temporary existence. typify v. To serve as a characteristic example of. unsophisticated adj. Showing inexperience.
transition n. Passage from one place, typographical adj. Pertaining to typography or unspeakable adj. Abominable.
condition, or action to another. printing. untimely adj. Unseasonable.
transitory adj. Existing for a short time only. typography n. The arrangement of composed untoward adj. Causing annoyance or
translate v. To give the sense or equivalent type, or the appearance of printed matter. hindrance.
of in another language or dialect. tyrannical adj. Despotic. unutterable adj. Inexpressible.
translator n. An interpreter. tyranny n. Absolute power arbitrarily or unjustly unwieldy adj. Moved or managed with
translucence n. The property or state of administrated. difficulty, as from great size or awkward shape.
allowing the passage of light. tyro n. One slightly skilled in or acquainted with unwise adj. Foolish.
translucent adj. Allowing the passage of any trade or profession. unyoke v. To separate.
light. ubiquitous adj. Being present everywhere. up-keep n. Maintenance.
transmissible adj. That may e sent through ulterior adj. Not so pertinent as something else upbraid v. To reproach as deserving blame.
or across. to the matter spoken of. upcast n. A throwing upward.
transmission n. The act of sending through ultimate adj. Beyond which there is nothing else. upheaval n. Overthrow or violent disturbance
or across. ultimatum n. A final statement or proposal, as of established order or condition.
transmit v. To send trough or across. concerning terms or conditions. upheave v. To raise or lift with effort.
transmute v. To change in nature, substance, ultramundane adj. Pertaining to supernatural uppermost adj. First in order of precedence.
or form. things or to another life. uproarious adj. Noisy.
transparent adj. Easy to see through or ultramontane adj. Beyond the mountains, uproot v. To eradicate.
understand. especially beyond the Alps (that is, on their upturn v. To throw into confusion.
transpire v. To come to pass. Italian side). urban adj. Of, or pertaining to, or like a city.
transplant v. To remove and plant in another umbrage n. A sense of injury. urbanity n. Refined or elegant courtesy.
place. unaccountable adj. Inexplicable. urchin n. A roguish, mischievous boy.
transposition n. The act of reversing the unaffected adj. Sincere. urgency n. The pressure of necessity.
order or changing the place of. unanimous adj. Sharing the same views or usage n. Treatment.
transverse adj. Lying or being across or in a sentiments. usurious adj. Taking unlawful or exorbitant
crosswise direction. unanimity n. The state or quality of being of one interest on money loaned.
travail n. Hard or agonizing labor. mind. usurp v. To take possession of by force.
travesty n. A grotesque imitation. unavoidable adj. Inevitable. usury n. The demanding for the use of money
treacherous adj. Perfidious. unbearable adj. Unendurable. as a loan, a rate of interest beyond what is
treachery n. Violation of allegiance, unbecoming adj. Unsuited to the wearer, place, allowed by law.
confidence, or plighted faith. or surroundings.
utilitarianism n. The ethical doctrine that version n. A description or report of something waistcoat n. A vest.
actions are right because they are useful or of as modified by one's character or opinion. waive v. To relinquish, especially temporarily,
beneficial tendency. vertex n. Apex. as a right or claim.
utility n. Fitness for some desirable practical vertical adj. Lying or directed perpendicularly to wampum n. Beads strung on threads, formerly
purpose. the horizon. used among the American Indians as currency.
utmost n. The greatest possible extent. vertigo n. Dizziness. wxane v. To diminish in size and brilliancy.
vacate v. To leave. vestige n. A visible trace, mark, or impression, of wantonness n. Recklessness.
vaccinate v. To inoculate with vaccine virus something absent, lost, or gone. warlike adj. Belligerent.
or virus of cowpox. vestment n. Clothing or covering. wavelet n. A ripple.
vacillate v. To waver. veto n. The constitutional right in a chief weak-kneed adj. Without resolute purpose or
vacuous adj. Empty. executive of refusing to approve an enactment. energy.
vacuum n. A space entirely devoid of matter. vicarious adj. Suffered or done in place of or for weal n. Well-being.
vagabond n. A wanderer. the sake of another. wean v. To transfer (the young) from
vagrant n. An idle wanderer. viceroy n. A ruler acting with royal authority in dependence on mother's milk to another form
vainglory n. Excessive, pretentious, and place of the sovereign in a colony or province. of nourishment.
demonstrative vanity. vicissitude n. A change, especially a complete wearisome adj. Fatiguing.
vale n. Level or low land between hills. change, of condition or circumstances, as of wee adj. Very small.
valediction n. A bidding farewell. fortune. well-bred adj. Of good ancestry.
valedictorian n. Student who delivers an vie v. To contend. well-doer n. A performer of moral and social
address at graduating exercises of an vigilance n. Alert and intent mental watchfulness duties.
educational institution. in guarding against danger. well-to-do adj. In prosperous circumstances.
valedictory n. A parting address. vigilant adj. Being on the alert to discover and whereabouts n. The place in or near which a
valid adj. Founded on truth. ward off danger or insure safety. person or thing is.
valorous adj. Courageous. vignette n. A picture having a background or that whereupon adv. After which.
vapid adj. Having lost sparkling quality and is shaded off gradually. wherever adv. In or at whatever place.
flavor. vincible adj. Conquerable. wherewith n. The necessary means or
vaporizer n. An atomizer. vindicate v. To prove true, right, or real. resources.
variable adj. Having a tendency to change. vindicatory adj. Punitive. whet v. To make more keen or eager.
variance n. Change. vindicative adj. Revengeful. whimsical adj. Capricious.
variant n. A thing that differs from another vinery n. A greenhouse for grapes. whine v. To utter with complaining tone.
in form only, being the same in essence or viol n. A stringed instrument of the violin class. wholly adv. Completely.
substance. viola n. A musical instrument somewhat larger wield v. To use, control, or manage, as a
variation n. Modification. than a violin. weapon, or instrument, especially with full
variegate v. To mark with different shades or violator n. One who transgresses. command.
colors. violation n. Infringement. wile n. An act or a means of cunning deception.
vassal n. A slave or bondman. violoncello n. A stringed instrument held winsome adj. Attractive.
vaudeville n. A variety show. between the player's knees. wintry adj. Lacking warmth of manner.
vegetal adj. Of or pertaining to plants. virago n. A bold, impudent, turbulent woman. wiry adj. Thin, but tough and sinewy.
vegetarian n. One who believes in the theory virile adj. Masculine. witchcraft n. Sorcery.
that man's food should be exclusively virtu n. Rare, curious, or beautiful quality. witless adj. Foolish, indiscreet, or silly.
vegetable. virtual adj. Being in essence or effect, but not in witling n. A person who has little
vegetate v. To live in a monotonous, passive form or appearance. understanding.
way without exercise of the mental faculties. virtuoso n. A master in the technique of some witticism n. A witty, brilliant, or original
vegetation n. Plant-life in the aggregate. particular fine art. saying or sentiment.
vegetative adj. Pertaining to the process of virulence n. Extreme poisonousness. wittingly adv. With knowledge and by design.
plant-life. virulent adj. Exceedingly noxious or deleterious. wizen v. To become or cause to become
vehement adj. Very eager or urgent. visage n. The face, countenance, or look of a withered or dry.
velocity n. Rapid motion. person. wizen-faced adj. Having a shriveled face.
velvety adj. Marked by lightness and viscount n. In England, a title of nobility, ranking working-man n. One who earns his bread by
softness. fourth in the order of British peerage. manual labor.
venal adj. Mercenary, corrupt. vista n. A view or prospect. workmanlike adj. Like or befitting a skilled
vendible adj. Marketable. visual adj. Perceptible by sight. workman.
vendition n. The act of selling. visualize v. To give pictorial vividness to a workmanship n. The art or skill of a workman.
vendor n. A seller. mental representation. wrangle v. To maintain by noisy argument or
veneer n. Outside show or elegance. vitality n. The state or quality of being necessary dispute.
venerable adj. Meriting or commanding high to existence or continuance. wreak v. To inflict, as a revenge or
esteem. vitalize v. To endow with life or energy. punishment.
venerate v. To cherish reverentially. vitiate v. To contaminate. wrest v. To pull or force away by or as by
venereal adj. Pertaining to or proceeding vituperable adj. Deserving of censure. violent twisting or wringing.
from sexual intercourse. vivacity n. Liveliness. wretchedness n. Extreme misery or
venial adj. That may be pardoned or vivify v. To endue with life. unhappiness.
forgiven, a forgivable sin. vivisection n. The dissection of a living animal. writhe v. To twist the body, face, or limbs or
venison n. The flesh of deer. vocable n. a word, especially one regarded in as in pain or distress.
venom n. The poisonous fluid that certain relation merely to its qualities of sound. writing n. The act or art of tracing or inscribing
animals secrete. vocative adj. Of or pertaining to the act of on a surface letters or ideographs.
venous adj. Of, pertaining to, or contained or calling. wry adj. Deviating from that which is proper or
carried in a vein or veins. vociferance n. The quality of making a clamor. right.
veracious adj. Habitually disposed to speak vociferate v. To utter with a loud and vehement yearling n. A young animal past its first year
the truth. voice. and not yet two years old.
veracity n. Truthfulness. vociferous adj. Making a loud outcry. zealot n. One who espouses a cause or pursues
verbatim adv. Word for word. vogue n. The prevalent way or fashion. an object in an immoderately partisan manner.
verbiage n. Use of many words without volant adj. Flying or able to fly. zeitgeist n. The intellectual and moral
necessity. volatile adj. Changeable. tendencies that characterize any age or epoch.
verbose adj. Wordy. volition n. An act or exercise of will. zenith n. The culminating-point of prosperity,
verdant adj. Green with vegetation. volitive adj. Exercising the will. influence, or greatness.
verification n. The act of proving to be true, voluble adj. Having great fluency in speaking. zephyr n. Any soft, gentle wind.
exact, or accurate. voluptuous adj. having fullness of beautiful zodiac n. An imaginary belt encircling the
verify v. To prove to be true, exact, or form, as a woman, with or without sensuous or heavens within which are the larger planets.
accurate. sensual quality.
verily adv. In truth. voracious adj. Eating with greediness or in very
verity n. Truth. large quantities.
vermin n. A noxious or troublesome animal. vortex n. A mass of rotating or whirling fluid,
vernacular n. The language of one's country. especially when sucked spirally toward the
vernal adj. Belonging to or suggestive of the center.
spring. votary adj. Consecrated by a vow or promise.
versatile adj. Having an aptitude for applying votive adj. Dedicated by a vow.
oneself to new and varied tasks or to various vulgarity n. Lack of refinement in conduct or
subjects. speech.
vulnerable adj. Capable of receiving injuries.
waif n. A homeless, neglected wanderer.

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