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RATIONAL METHOD 9/6/2000

Ref: Soil and Water Conservation Engineering, Schwab, et.al., 4th ed., pp 71-73

Time of Concentration (Tc):

Tc=0.0078*L^.77*[(Wu-Wd)/L]^--.385 Equation 4.2 (modified)

where:
Tc=time of concentration in minutes
L=maximum length of flow in feet
Wu=upstream watershed elevation, feet
Wd=watershed elevation at outlet, feet

L,feet Wu,feet Wd,feet Tc, min

Peak Discharge, q:

q=CiA Equation 4.1

where:
q=the design peak runoff rate, cfs
C=the runoff coefficient
i=rainfall intensity in in./hr. for the duration equal to time of concentration
A=the watershed area in acres
Note: 1 acre = 43,560 sq.ft.

Weighted C:
Area C
acres from
Tables
Area 1
Area 2
Area 3
Area 4
Area 5
Total Area (acres): 0
Weighted C:

q:
Trial C i, in/hr A,acres q, cfs
1
2
3
4
5
tables

RUNOFF COEFFICIENTS (C) 9/8/1999

C Values - Rural Areas


Topography and Open sandy Clay and Tight
Vegetation loam silt loam clay
Woodland
Flat (0-5% slope) 0.10 0.30 0.40
Rolling (5-10% slope) 0.25 0.35 0.50
Hilly (10-30% slope) 0.30 0.50 0.60
Pasture
Flat 0.10 0.30 0.40
Rolling 0.16 0.36 0.55
Hilly 0.22 0.42 0.60
Cultivated
Flat 0.30 0.50 0.60
Rolling 0.40 0.60 0.70
Hilly 0.52 0.72 0.82

C Values - Developed Areas


Source: The American Society of Civil Engineers
Type of drainage area C
Lawns
Sandy soil, flat, 2% 0.05-0.10
Sandy soil, average, 2-7% 0.10-0.15
Sandy soil, steep, 7% 0.15-0.20
Heavy soil, flat, 2% 0.13-0.17
Heavy soil, average, 2-7% 0.18-0.22
Heavy soil, steep, 7% 0.25-0.35
Business
Downtown areas 0.70-0.95
Neighborhood areas 0.50-0.70
Residential
Single-family areas 0.30-0.50
Multiunits, detached 0.40-0.60
Multiunits, attached 0.60-0.75
Suburban 0.25-0.40
Apartment-dwelling areas 0.50-0.70
Industrial
Light areas 0.50-0.80
Heavy areas 0.60-0.90
Parks, cemeteries 0.10-0.25
Playgrounds 0.20-0.35
Railroad-yard areas 0.20-0.40
Unimproved areas 0.10-0.30
Streets
Asphalt 0.70-0.95
Concrete 0.80-0.95
Brick 0.70-0.85
Drives and walks 0.75-0.85
Roofs 0.75-0.95

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