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Submitted by
Juby Jose
Reg no: 18016303005
Mount Tabor Training College


Items Page no.

Introduction 4-5
Cooperation between 5-8
schools: eTwinning
Online learning 8-14
Email 14-15
Blog 15-16
Conclusion 16
Reference 17


Networking as a means of personal and professional growth


A social revolution is occurring in the way information is shared,
knowledge is generated and innovation takes place over the Internet
and there is renewed interest in the social concept of community to
support e-learning. And is becoming so popular in this era. E-
learning includes, and is broadly synonymous with
 multimedia learning,
 technology-enhanced learning (TEL),
 computer-based instruction (CBI),
 computer managed instruction,
 computer-based training (CBT),

 computer-assisted instruction or computer-aided instruction
 internet-based training(IBT),
 flexible learning,
 web-based training (WBT),
 online education,
 virtual education,
 virtual learning environments (VLE) (which are also called
learning platforms),
 m-learning,
 Digital education.

These alternative names individually emphasize a particular

digitization approach, component or delivery .so it is very important
to know about the concepts of online learning and etwinning. Online
learning, sometimes referred to as e-learning, is a form of distance
education. Online courses are delivered over the Internet and can be
accessed from a computer with a Web browser (ex. Internet
Explorer).And an etwinning provides useful insights into how an
online learning community can support the continuous professional
development (CPD) of school teachers. Using the Community of
Inquiry framework, it offers empirical evidence of how cognitive,
social and teaching aspects impact competence development. It
suggests that online learning communities offer an appropriate
environment for teachers' intellectual and emotional reflection,
characterized by trust, mutual respect and shared values centered on
improving pupils' learning. It also suggests that the educational
experience within such a community is significantly influenced by the
tutor's design and moderation of activities aimed at fostering critical

The eTwinning action was launched in January 2005. Its main
objectives complied with the decision by the Barcelona European
Council in March 2002 to promote school twinning as an opportunity
for all students to learn and practice ICT skills and to promote
awareness of the multicultural European model of society. More than
13000 schools were involved in eTwinning within its first year. In fall
2008, over 50000 teachers and 4000 projects have been registered,
while a new eTwinning platform was launched. In early 2009 the
eTwinning motto has changed from "School partnerships in Europe"
to "The community for schools in Europe". In June 2009, the
eTwinning community consisted of nearly 65000 members. In 2011
nearly 30000 projects have been registered, the total number of
registered teachers has increased dramatically to 130000, and the
number of registered schools has been 90000. Currently (June 2012),
more than 20 000 projects have been developed between two or more
schools across Europe, the total number of registered teachers is close
to 170000 and the number of involved schools is more than 90000.

What is it?
The eTwinning uses information and communication technology
(ICT) to enhance cooperation between schools. It provides support
for online cooperation between schools, provides the opportunity for
exchanges between teaching staff or cooperation opportunities on
projects, as well as an online forum, free tools, and support for
networking with European colleagues. The eTwinning project aims
to encourage European schools to collaborate using Information and
Communication Technologies (ICT). The project was born under the

European Union`s eLearning programme and is now part of the
Lifelong Learning Programme. The main concept behind eTwinning
is that schools are paired with another. The eTwinning action is an
initiative of the European Commission that aims to encourage
European schools to collaborate using Information and
Communication Technologies (ICT) by providing the necessary
infrastructure (online tools, services, support). Therefore, teachers
registered in the eTwinning action are enabled to form partnerships
and develop collaborative, pedagogical school projects in any subject
area with the sole requirements to employ ICT to develop their project
and collaborate with teachers from other European countries (at least
two teachers from two different European countries are needed). The
primary workspace for the eTwinning action is the eTwinning Portal
(www.etwinning.net) and it is available in twenty-five languages.
Teachers registered in the eTwinning action, also called eTwinners,
find each other, communicate, share resources and collaborate
through the eTwinning platform.

What does it involve?

Etwinning provides opportunities for teachers and other school staff

from different countries to work together on projects. Teachers can
access online tools and learning materials, network with colleagues
and take part in workshops and communities of practice. Etwinning
helps schools to create a welcoming environment for cross-cultural
cooperation for pupils, teachers and staff.

Who can take part?

Teachers and other school staff at schools in participating countries

(pre-primary to upper secondary level) can sign up to use eTwinning.

Operations of etwinning
The main concept behind eTwinning is that schools are paired with
another school and they collaboratively develop a project, also known
as eTwinning project. The two schools then communicate using the
Internet (for example, by e-mail or video conferencing) to collaborate,
share and learn from each other. ETwinning encourages and develops
ICT skills as the main activities inherently use information
technology. Being 'twinned' with a foreign school also encourages
cross-cultural exchanges of knowledge, fosters students' intercultural
awareness, and improves their communication skills. ETwinning
projects last for any length of time ranging from only a week, to
months, up to creating permanent relationships between schools.
Along the same lines, face-to-face meetings between partner’s
schools are not required, though they are not prohibited and some
schools organize face-to-face meetings.

A few years ago, online education was unthinkable; now it is a
reality and it has expanded beyond imagination. The Internet has
allowed us to cross boundaries that took a long time to cross;
technology has allowed us to learn and grow with people from around
the world. It has given access to new opportunities in work, learning
and in socializing. We are now witnessing a transformation in the
way people learn. The future of education in general, and college
education in particular, will be of more access, more educational
choices, and new fields in educational research.
Online education is defined as the creation and proliferation of the
personal computer, the globalization of ideas and other human acts,
and the use of technology in exchanging ideas and providing access

to more people. Audio, video, computer, and networking
technologies are often combined to create a multifaceted instructional
delivery system. The fundamental method to unite the distance
learning instructor with the distance learner is the network. Networks
suitable for distance learning implementations include satellite, cable
modem, digital subscriber lines (DSL), and wireless cable.
There are many terms for on-line education. Some of them are
virtual education, internet-based education, web-based education,
education via computer-mediated communication. The web-edu
project uses a definition of online education that is based on Desmond
Keegan’s (1988) definition. It is by:
1. The separation of teachers and learners which distinguishes it from
face-to-face education;
2. The influence of an educational organization which distinguishes it
from self-study and private tutoring;
3. The use of a computer network to present or distribute some
educational content; and
4. The provision of tw0-way communication via a computer network so
that students may benefit from communication with each other,
teachers and staff.
Definitions of on line learning
1 Online learning, sometimes referred to as e-learning, is a form
of distance education. Online courses are delivered over the Internet
and can be accessed from a computer with a Web browser (ex.
Internet Explorer).
2 Online learning is the use of electronic media, educational technology
and information and communication technologies (ICT) in
3 Online learning is associated with content readily accessible on a
computer. The content may be on the Web or the Internet, or simply
installed on a CD-ROM or the computer hard disk.

Characteristics of online learning
 Online courses are ideal for students whose work schedule or
family commitments don't allow them to attend classes on
 Online learning allows you the leisure of participating in classes
from the comfort of your home.
 Requires self-discipline and motivation.
 You should be committed to learning
 Students are expected to participate in on-line discussions and
activities on a regular basis.
 Online courses are not easier or less work than face-to-face
classes. You will be responsible for your own learning.
Basic computer skills needed for online learning
 Navigate and search the Internet
 Use e-mail
 Attach document files in an e-mail
 Download and save files
 Use word processing software (Microsoft Word, Excel, and

Online learning can occur in or out of the classroom. It can be self-

paced, asynchronous learning or may be instructorled, synchronous
learning. online-learning is suited to distance learning and flexible
learning, but it can also be used in conjunction with face-to-face
teaching, in which case the term blended learning is commonly used.
Synchronous online learning
 Synchronous - students are online at a specified time
 Within synchronous learning; learning and teaching takes place
in real time (same time) while the trainer and learners are
physically separated from each other (place shift).

 Examples include:
◦ listening to a live radio broadcast
◦ watching live a television broadcast
◦ audio/video conferencing
◦ Internet telephony
◦ online lectures
◦ two-way live satellite broadcast
Asynchronous online learning
 Asynchronous - delivered at your convenience any time or place
 Characteristic for asynchronous learning is the fact that that the
trainer prepares the courseware material before the course takes
place. The learner is free to decide when he wants to study the
 Examples include:
◦ self paced courses taken via Internet or CD-Rom
◦ videotaped classes
◦ stored audio/video Web presentations or seminars
◦ recorded audio tapes
◦ Q & A mentoring
◦ reading e-mail messages
Possible communications in online learning
Within communication we distinguish different directions/ways to
 one to one
 one to many
 many to one
 many to many

One to one
 Situation
◦ Learner to learner
◦ Learner to trainer
◦ Trainer to learner
 Examples
◦ chat: private chat in a chat room or the instant messenger
◦ e-mail: send mail to a colleague or ask a question to a
◦ screen sharing: sharing Microsoft Word, collaborate on
a Word document

One to many
 Situation
◦ Trainer to learners
◦ Learner to learners
 Examples
◦ chat: trainer is explaining content to learners
◦ video conference: trainer is explaining content to
learners via web broadcast
◦ screen sharing: using the net for giving learners a tour
through PowerPoint slides or web pages
◦ newsgroups: posting a question in a newsgroup or
discussion forum
◦ e-seminar: lecture or presentation over the internet

Many to one
 Situation
◦ Learners to trainer
◦ Learners to learner
 Examples
◦ chat: ask or discuss real-time questions or issues to a
learning desk
◦ newsgroup: react on a posted message in a discussion
Many to many
 Situation
◦ Learners to learners
◦ Learners to learners and trainers
 Examples
◦ chat: discussion where learners can exchange learning
experiences or just talk or a discussion led by trainers
where students solve a case by collaboration through
◦ two-way video conferencing: virtual classroom situation
where trainer explains and learners react or meeting
where subjects can be discussed
◦ telephone conferencing
Advantages of online learning
 Improved open access to education, including access to full
degree programs

 Better integration for non-full-time students, particularly in
continuing education,
 Improved interactions between students and instructors,
 Provision of tools to enable students to independently solve
 Acquisition of technological skills through practice with tools
and computers.
 No age-based restrictions on difficulty level, i.e. students can go
at their own pace.
Disadvantages of online learning
 Ease of cheating
 Bias towards tech-savvy students over non-technical students
 Teachers' lack of knowledge and experience to manage virtual
teacher-student interaction
 Lack of social interaction between teacher and students
 Lack of direct and immediate feedback from teachers
 Asynchrony communication hinders fast exchange of question
 Danger of procrastination

An Email ID acts as a virtual address for Email Messages. It is
provided to you by your Email Account Provider (in most cases your
Internet Service Provider) and contains information about your
Username, Email Account Provider, Password and Email
How we can create a new email ID or email address using
 Open a Web browser ( internet explorer or Google chrome or
Mozilla etc)
 write in address bar www.gmail.com

 A box will appear
 Now fill all the details, here the user name is the desired user
ID which you want to create.
 After felling all the details click on "Next step" Button
 After next step it will ask for Phone number for verification,
enter cell phone number and click on next
 Now click on "next step” button and you will get you inbox.

 A blog originally came from the word “weblog” or a “web
 You can think of it as an online journal or diary, although
blogs are used for much more now, like online journalism.
 A blogger is someone who blogs, or writes content for a
 Blogging is the act of writing a post for a blog.
 A blog is a type of website which has posts (or entries)
appearing in reverse chronological order.
 Blog posts typically appear with the most recent blog post
(or entry, post) first, just like a diary or journal.
 A blog is typically updated frequently and regularly,
although there are some who are considered “slow
 Blogs typically have an area for people to comment or
respond to the blog post.
 Blogs may also have other areas of content and links to other
 Blogs can have individual authors or be a collection of
 Blogs have a history or an archive of previous blog posts.

 Log on to Blogger
 Select Google-blogger
 Type your email id and password
 Click log in
 Type the topic
 Type blogger address required
 Click on to log in
Your blog has been created.

Online learning communities offer a valuable alternative to
traditional teacher training by supporting teachers to learn in the
context of their everyday practice, whilst collaborating and
reflecting on their experience with peers across regions and
countries. Concerning the wider use of social networking for
learning, it suggests that educators still have a valuable role to play
in ensuring that collaboration leads to an effective educational
experience within and out of the normal class rooms.

1 http://www.etwinning.net/en/pub/news/publications.htm
2 https://www.google.co.in/?gws_rd=ssl#q=concept+of+Etwinning
3 https://www.google.co.in/?gws_rd=ssl#q=definition+of+online+l
4 http://www.etwinning.net
5 https://www.porto.ucp.pt/open/curso/.../Definition%20 of%20Ter
6 onlinelibrary.wilhttps://www.google.co.in