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Dutch dairy in figures

The Netherlands: land of dairy
Modern sector
The Netherlands is a dairy country. It is a country with old traditions in the production
and consumption of milk, butter and cheese, its image inextricably linked to a
characteristic landscape of fields dotted with cows and windmills. Behind this image
Dutch dairy in figures 2015
lies a modern sector, one of the largest and most vital agricultural sectors in the
Dutch dairy in figures gives an up-to-date overview of the
Netherlands. Working with people, animals and the environment in mind, this is a
Dutch dairy sector and is divided into ten topics:
sector that makes an important contribution to the Dutch economy.
The Netherlands: land of dairy
Economic importance From local traditions to an international business
Market overview The strong, internationally-oriented business model we see in dairy today has been
Dairy farming built over 150 years from a dairy production mainly locally-focused on the farm.
Sustainability Scale growth at the farm level, and especially the possibilities offered by refrigerated
Quality transport, were major milestones in the development of the Dutch dairy industry.
Milk processing industry Since the 1960s, dairy factories have seen considerable growth in their range of
Trade activities and scale. These developments also led to a new trend towards greater
Consumption efficiency in processing at fewer and fewer locations.
The major impact of quotas
Tables with detailed statistics are available on the English part of
Europe’s introduction of the milk quota at the start of the 1980s marked a new phase in
the ZuivelNL website: Publications – Dutch dairy in figures 2015
the development of the dairy sector. The quota imposed restrictions on the productivity
The figures for the year 2015 are provisional, but will only improvements in the dairy farm via scale growth and more milk. This resulted in
differ slightly from the final figures. accelerated developments in business efficiency, specifically more efficient roughage

Quoting data from this publication is permitted, provided production, improved feed quality and genetic selection through breeding programs.

that the source is acknowledged. No legal rights may be These efficiency improvements were reflected in steadily declining dairy herds and

derived from this publication. increasing production per cow. For the dairy industry, the milk volume restrictions
encouraged even more efficiency. Today, the Dutch dairy industry is one of the most
consolidated in the world.

ZuivelNL The end of the quota

Over the last few years, the abolition of the milk quota at the end of March 2015 and
For information:
promising long-term developments across the global dairy market have prompted dairy
info@zuivelnl.org farms and companies to invest in capacity through modernization, expansion or new
buildings. Continued growth in the dairy sector, however, will be heavily influenced
September 2016 by the implementation of the phosphate rights system as of January 1, 2017.

2 Dutch dairy in figures 2015 Dutch dairy in figures 2015 3

Dutch dairy at a glance

Cow milk production

13.5 billion kg

45 thousand fte's
in dairy farming and
milk processing industry

Goat milk production 25 companies and

0.3 billion kg 54 dairy plants

Other 16%
1.6 million
dairy cows
0.3 million dairy goats Butter and butter oil 2% Export of
Condensed dairy products
milk 7% Milk processing
Drinking milk and
other fresh Cheese 55%
milk products 7%
20% world market

35% remains
Milk powder 13% in the Netherlands
45% intra EU
1.2 million hectares
of grassland and maize
18 thousand
dairy farms

Export revenues
almost 30% of the € 6.3 billion
surface area of the Netherlands

Outdoor grazing at almost Production value to trade surplus: 8%
80% of the dairy farms
Milk, cheese and yoghurt
in the Wheel of Five
€ 4.5 billion dairy farming € 6.5 billion milk processing industry (Dutch dietary guidelines)
source: ZuivelNL, RVO.nl,
Statistics Netherlands (CBS),
4 Dutch dairy in figures 2015 Sustainable Dairy Chain, The Netherlands Nutrition Centre Dutch dairy in figures 2015 5
Economic importance Key figures Dutch milk processing industry - EU 2014
Including producers of ice-cream, on-farm proceessors and such

Number of production locations

Contribution of Agro & Food to the Dutch economy 2014 The Netherlands
Dutch economy
€ 596.7 billion
Other Agro & Food
€ 41.0 billion (6,9%)
Agro & Food
€ 48.2 billion (8,1%)

€ 7.1 billion (1,2%)
source: Institute for Agricultural Economics (LEI) Production value
billion €

Number of employees
x 1,000
EU other 49.3
Trade balance 2015

Dairy products
€ 2.6 billion

Dairy products The Netherlands EU

Agricultural products 13.8 368.3
€ 54.6 billion € 6.3 billion France 29.2

IMPORTS Agricultural products

€ 79.4 billion EXPORTS bron: ZuivelNL

Total Total Germany 28.2

€ 378.0 billion € 425.6 billion
Italy 19.2

Dairy sales per capita

United Ireland 821
Kingdom 10.2 The Netherlands 731
Denmark 571
Belgium 478
Positive trade balance France 478 EU-28
Germany 375 311
Total € 47.5 billion The Netherlands 9.8 Italy 317
Spain 201
Agricultural products € 24.9 billion Poland 198
United Kingdom 197 €
Dairy products € 3.7 billion
0 1,000
source: Statistics Netherlands (CBS) source: Eurostat, Statistics Netherlands (CBS)

6 Dutch dairy in figures 2015 Dutch dairy in figures 2015 7

Market overview
International milk deliveries 2015
500 Absolute and relative development in milk deliveries in the most important exporting countries in the world
boter: max € 437,00 boter mager melkpoeder in comparison with 2014

Market prices
400 billion
mager melkpoeder:
max of
The abolition € 383,00
the milk quota as of April 1, 2015 led to significant increases in EU milk
300 3
production. Demand, however, lagged significantly behind. The economic slowdown
200 large stocks in China reduced its willingness to buy. The Russian import ban (which
boter: min € 205,00 2
started in August 2014)mager alsomelkpoeder:
a major
€ 150,00 role in the shrinking demand. On top of this,
100 low price of oil meant that oil-producing countries cut their budgets and imported
less dairy. Combined, these factors have put market prices under pressure, causing 1
them to fall sharply since the second quarter of 2015. Only in the course of 2016, when
production started to re-balance, price levels started to recover.
+2.0% +1.3% +2.2% +1.5% -2.0%
Milk production (top-6 exporters) versus imports China -1.4%
Top-6 exporters: Argentina, Australia, European Union, New Zealand, Uruguay and USA -1 EU-28 USA Australia Argentina Uruguay New Zealand
source: Eurostat, National Statistics
300 12
milk production (billion kg) imports China (billion kg)
Milk prices
International milk price comparison
290 10 € per 100 kg

Company Country 2014 2015 2015/2014

Hämeenlinnan O. Finland 45.91 39.43 -14.1%
280 8
Granarolo (Noord) Italy 44.67 38.93 -12.9%
Dairy Crest (Davidstow) Other 16% United Kingdom 39.45Other 11% 34.44 -12.7%
Butter and butteroil 2% Butter and butteroil 1% Cheese 39%
FrieslandCampina Netherlands 41.14
Condensed milk 2% 33.22 -19.3%
270 6
Milk production top-6 exporters Sodiaal (Pas de Calais) France Milk powder38.42
16% 33.16 -13.7%
to China Condensed milk 7% The Netherlands European Union
Danone (Pas de Calais)
Drinking milk and other France 37.95 33.07 -12.9%
Imports China (in milk equivalent)
fresh milk products
Bongrain (Basse 7% Normandie) France 38.32 32.69 -14.7%
260 4
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Lactalis (Pays de la Loire) France 37.52 31.67 -15.6%
source: ZuivelNL, National Statistics Arla Foods DK Denmark
Cheese 55% Drinking39.42
milk and 30.50 -22.6%
Milk powder 13% other fresh milk products 31%
Milcobel Belgium 36.16 28.45 -21.3%
EU cheese export to the Russian Federation Kerry Agribusiness Ireland 36.15 28.29 -21.7%
Müller (Leppersdorf) Germany 36.60 28.16 -23.1%
250 First Milk (compositional) United Kingdom 36.52 27.89 -23.6%
billion kg
DMK Germany 36.72 27.36 -25.5%
Glanbia Ireland 36.11 26.58 -26.4%
150 DOC Cheese Netherlands 36.52 26.54 -27.3%
100 Average milk price 38.60 31.27 -19.0%
50 Emmi Switzerland 50.94 51.69 1.5%
Fonterra New Zealand 28.71 21.34 -25.7%
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 United States class III USA 41.47 35.82 -13.6%
source: Eurostat Note: prices for standard milk with 4.2% fat and 3.4% protein (excluding VAT and including supplementary payments)

source: LTO (www.milkprices.nl)

8 Dutch dairy in figures 2015 Dutch dairy in figures 2015 9

Dairy farming
Milk production Upscaling
The year 2015 will go down in history as the year the milk quota ended. For the Dutch The structural developments in dairy farming have seen decreasing numbers of farms
dairy sector, this regulation always had a large impact. In only three quota years, dairy and continuous growth of scale. According to the CBS, the number of dairy farmers
farmers did not have to pay superlevy. Ahead of the end of the milk quota at the end of dropped by 1.7% in 2015, to around 18 thousand farms. Due to larger herds and higher
March 2015, Dutch dairy farmers heavily invested in expansions of milking parlours and yields per cow, average milk production per farm reached a volume of 740 thousand,
herds. The CBS agricultural census for 2015 showed the number of dairy cows and 8.7% higher than in 2014.
calves grew by 3% compared to 2014, reaching about 1.6 million animals.
The increases in scale are also evident in the number of dairy farmers with more than
As a result of major expansions in the dairy herd and a higher average milk yield per 150 dairy cows. In 2015, the number of farms in this category grew from about 1,700
cow, milk production in 2015 grew by almost 7% and reached a record high of around to approximately 1,900.
13.5 billion kg. The old record was from 1983 (13.2 billion kg), the year before the milk
quota went into effect.
Dairy cows per Dutch dairy farm 2015

Dutch milk production and dairy cattle

1,700 Dairy cows (x 1,000) Milk production (million kg) 14,000

1-<30 cows 30-<70 cows 70-<100 cows 100-<150 cows 150 and more cows
1,761 dairy farms 5,700 dairy farms 4,788 dairy farms 4,092 dairy farms 1,924 dairy farms

source: Statistics Netherlands (CBS)

1,600 Number of dairy farms Number of dairy farms Number of dairy farms 13,000
in 2005: 23,527 in 2010: 19,805 in 2015: 18,265
Structure figures the3,0%
1,9% 2015
Classification by type of milk
Dairy cows 7,0%

Milk production
1,500 12,000 14,8% 67,5%

Cow milk Goat milk Sheep milk visgraat

melkstalmilk Total

Milk production zij-aan-zij melkstal

13,522 268 4 2 13,795
million kg
situatie automatische melksystemen
1,400 11,000 Dairy farms 18,265 546 30 grupstal 7 18,848
Dairy cattle 3,4% 2,1%
1,622 292 7 draaimelkstal 1 1,922
x 1,000
7,4% swingover melkstal
Average milk yield 8,338 917 500 2,200
1,300 10,000 per animal in kg
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 19,0% 42,8%

source: Statistics Netherlands (CBS), RVO.nl, ZuivelNL source: ZuivelNL, RVO.nl, Statistics Netherlands (CBS), LTO


10 Dutch dairy in figures 2015 situatie Dutch dairy in figures 2015 11

1-<30 koeien 30-<70 koeien 70-<100 koeien 100-<150 koeien 150 en meer koeien
1.761 bedrijven 5.699 bedrijven 4.788 bedrijven 4.092 bedrijven 1.924 bedrijven
Milking parlours in the Netherlands Milk production European Union
Classification according to parlour type Relative development 2015 compared with 2005

3.0% 1.9% FI
5.8% % +0,2%
7.0% > 15%
5% to 15%
14.8% 67.5% 0% to 5% SE
-5% to 0% -7,4% EE
herringbone parlour -15% to -5%
<-15% LV
automatic milking systems DK +19,8%
parallel parlour +16,7% LT
IE -3,7%
2005 +29,8%
tied up stable NL
VK +24,7%
rotary parlour +6,8%
3.4% 2.1% tandem parlour DE PL
4.6% +12,3%
7.4% BE +14,2%
swingover parlour
42.8% source: Foundation for Quality and LU +7,4% SK
Maintenance of Milking Installations +27,0% -11,9%
1-<30 koeien 30-<70 koeien 70-<100 koeien 100-<150 koeien 150 en meer koeien +4,0% +13,5% HU
1.761 bedrijven 5.699 bedrijven 4.788 bedrijven 4.092 bedrijven 1.924 bedrijven -0,9% RO
20.6% SI -2,8% HR -22,1%
IT -11,2%
Situation +1,3%
-2,8% -13,8%
Outdoor grazing in the Netherlands +7,9%


2012 73.6% 7.6% 18.8% +0,4%

2013 72.2% 7.8% 20.0%

Absolute development 2015 compared with 2005

2014 70.1% 7.7% 22.2% Top 5 countries (based on volume growth)

Country billion kg

2015 69.9% 8.4% 21.7% Germany + 4.0

The Netherlands + 2.7
Outdoor grazing Partly outdoor grazing Other Ireland + 1.5
Poland + 1.5
Outdoor grazing: dairy cows graze in the meadows at last
120 days per year for a minimum of six hours per day source: Sustainable Dairy Chain, ZuivelNL France + 1.0 source: Eurostat, RVO.nl, National Statistics

12 Dutch dairy in figures 2015 Dutch dairy in figures 2015 13

Sustainability Quality
Sustainable Dairy Chain Quality infrastructure
Through the Sustainable Dairy Chain, dairy companies (NZO) and dairy farmers (LTO), Dutch dairy companies deliver quality dairy products 365 days a year. These companies
within the financial framework of ZuivelNL, work together towards a dairy sector are part of a unique quality infrastructure that spans the entire dairy chain to prevent
that is future-proof and responsible. Both partners have formulated goals for 2020: incidents. At all stages of this chain, companies work closely together to enforce and,
development towards climate neutrality, continuous improvements in livestock health where possible, improve quality. Independent experts monitor every step. From 'grass
and welfare, preservation of grazing, and protecting biodiversity and the environment. to glass', every drop of milk is guaranteed for its quality and safety.

Each dairy company has its own sustainability program to help realize these goals. Raw materials and products are traceable across the entire chain so that when problems
In these sustainability programs, new knowledge is made available, dairy farmers can arise, they can be tackled quickly and effectively.
compare their own performance against their peers, and can receive financial support Every dairy company in the Netherlands has its own quality assurance system that
to address certain performance issues. If necessary, mandatory measures can be taken. establishes how products and processes are handled.

Highlight of the latest results sustainability programme Guaranteeing Quality and Safety

Development towards climate neutrality

25% reduction of energy use compared to 2005
6% of dairy farms have solar panels Dairy farm Milk transport Dairy industry
28% of dairy farms have heat recovery systems quality systems quality control quality systems
2.3 million checks per year 3-5 million checks per year
All Dutch dairy farmers have access to the energy scan
Safeguards concerning the All farm milk is analyzed for Safeguards troughout the
Livestock health and welfare cow, including antibiotics, fat content, protein content, entire production process, all
47% less antibiotic use in 2015 compared to 2009 animal feed and cleaning antibiotics, platelet counts the way through to the final
supplies and various other features product
Eliminated use of crucial human medications
source: Dutch Dairy Association
Preservation of grazing
Farms also work with certified quality management systems. An extensive monitoring
78,3% of dairy farms in the Netherlands employed
program coordinated by the Dutch Dairy Association (NZO) screens the milk from
some form of grazing
every farm.
Average financial incentive from dairy organizations
for grazing has sharply increased The Dutch government monitors the quality and safety of dairy products through an

70 grazing coaches trained by the Grazing Foundation inspection body specifically focused on the dairy chain: the Netherlands Controlling
Authority for Milk and Milk Products (the COKZ). This agency has a great deal of
Protecting biodiversity and the environment
expertise in the dairy sector.
100% use of responsible soy at dairy farms
source: Sustainable Dairy Chain The Dutch dairy sector continues to build on a long tradition of improving the quality
Monitoring of its products. For decades, dairy companies have worked closely with leading universi-
Each year, the independent institute LEI (Wageningen University) publishes a sector ties, research organizations and educational institutes. Together, they conduct research
report to monitor progress in the realization of the goals. This can lead to more refined that benefits the entire chain. It is partly for this reason that Dutch dairy farmers and
sustainability programs. dairy companies are so knowledgeable and are widely recognized for their expertise.

14 Dutch dairy in figures 2015 Dutch dairy in figures 2015 15

Milk processing industry Geographical spread of milk processing industry
Situation from 31-12-2015

Milk processing Leeuwarden


Dutch milk deliveries increased by 6.9% in 2015, reaching a volume of 13.3 billion kg. Noordwijk
After the milk quota ended, milk deliveries grew quickly. Growth was especially high
in the second half of the year. Bolsward

The additional milk was mostly used in cheese production. In 2015, Dutch cheese Sloten Beilen

production grew by no less than 9%, reaching a volume of 845 million kg. There
Lutjewinkel Hoogeveen
was also significantly more production of butter and -oil, skimmed milk powder and Meppel

condensed milk. Non-skimmed milk powder was the only product to see production fall. Rouveen Balkbrug
Beemster Kampen

Dutch industrial dairy production

Limmen Lelystad Dalfsen Ommen
million kg
2014 2015 2015/2014
Zeewolde Nunspeet
Milk delivered to factories 12,473 13,331 6.9% Hengelo

Milk available for processing 12,608 13,307 5.5%

Zoetermeer Steenderen Borculo

Drinking milk and other fresh milk products

1,036 985 -5.0% Bleskensgraaf
(excluding added ingredients, including cream) Rotterdam

Cheese 772 845 9.5% Maasdam Well
(including quark) FrieslandCampina 22
Den Bosch Cuijk
Ausnutria Hyproca 2
Butter and butteroil 207 217 5.2% A-ware 2
Etten-Leur Veghel Rijkevoort Boxmeer
Molenschot Bel Leerdammer 2
DOC Kaas 2
Non-skimmed milk powder 140 136 -2.9% Nuenen
Henri Willig 2
Nutricia 2
Skimmed milk powder 65 69 5.4% Rouveen Kaasspecialiteiten 2
Vreugdenhil Dairy Foods 2
Arla Foods - Nijkerk
Condensed milk 382 408 6.7%
(including coffee milk) CONO Kaasmakers - Beemster
Delta Milk - Bleskensgraaf
Born Den Eelder - Well
source: RVO.nl, ZuivelNL
Key statistics 2013 2014 2015 DVNutrition - Hoogeveen
Eijssen Dairy - Beek
Companies 22 23 25
Farm Dairy - Lelystad
Structure (process more than 10 million kg of
raw milk, cream and/or whey) Fonterra - Heerenveen
At the end of 2015 the Dutch dairy processing industry consisted of 25 companies with a Globemilk - Boxmeer
Number of dairy plants 51 53 54 Hochwald - Bolsward
total of 54 production locations. Five of these companies were cooperatives, processing Nestlé - Nunspeet
- Cooperative 29 29 28
milk in 28 factories. As a result of the considerably lower price levels in the dairy market, Kaasmakerij Özgazi - Etten-Leur
- Non-cooperative 22 24 26 Sloten - Sloten
production value dropped by around 8% in 2015, falling to € 6.5 billion, despite the
Vecozuivel - Zeewolde
strong growth of the processed milk supply. Per 100 kg of milk processed, production Milk processed (million kg) 12,385 12,608 13,307
VIV Buisman - Zelhem
value reached a level of € 48.85, 13% lower than in 2014. Production value (€ million) 7,143 7,100 6,500 Zuivelhoeve - Hengelo

source: RVO.nl, ZuivelNL

16 Dutch dairy in figures 2015 Dutch dairy in figures 2015 17

Utilization of milk 2015

Other 16% Other 11%

Butter and butteroil 2% Butter and butteroil 1% Cheese 39%
Condensed milk 2%

Condensed milk 7% Milk powder 16%

The Netherlands European Union
Drinking milk and other
fresh milk products 7%

Cheese 55% Drinking milk and

Milk powder 13% other fresh milk products 31%
source: Eurostat, IDF, National Statistics, RVO.nl, ZuivelNL

Position of Dutch cheese production in the world 2015 Top 20 largest dairy companies
Production of factory cheese, excluding informal production
Company Country Dairy turnover (€ billion)
1 Nestlé Switzerland 22.5
Other EU 7%
Denmark 2% 2 Lactalis France 16.5
Germany 10% 3 Danone France 15.1
United Kingdom 2% 4 Dairy Farmers of America USA 12.4
5 Fonterra New Zealand 11.8
Poland 3%
6 FrieslandCampina Netherlands 11.1
The Netherlands 4% 7 Arla Foods Denmark/Sweden 9.4
8 Yili China 8.4
France 8%
9 Saputo Canada 7.8
Italy 5%
Other 22% 10 Dean Foods USA 7.2
11 Mengniu China 7.1
Argentina 2%
12 Unilever Netherlands/UK 6.3*
Russian Federation 3% Global production: more than 22 billion kg
Dutch production: 0.84 billion kg 13 Kraft Heinz USA 5.9
Turkey 3% Dutch production in % of world: 4%
14 Sodiaal France 5.1
Brazil 3%
15 Müller Germany 5.0*

EU 41% 16 DMK Germany 5.0

17 Meiji Japan 4.6
18 Schreiber Foods USA 4.5*

United States 26% 19 Savencia France 4.4

source: RVO.nl, Eurostat, IDF, FAO, 20 Agropur Canada 4.1
USDA, National Statistics
Turnover in 2015 + mergers and acquisitions between 1 January and 30 June 2016
*estimate source: Rabobank

18 Dutch dairy in figures 2015 Dutch dairy in figures 2015 19

Exports Export value of Dutch dairy products 2015
In line with the lower prices in the dairy market, the total Dutch export value in 2015
showed a sharp drop of 13%, decreasing to a level of € 6.3 billion. With the exception
of whey and whey products, nearly all product groups saw a drop in value.
6% 33%
Despite the considerably higher volumes, the export value of cheese fell sharply as a 3% 1% 1%
18% Other
result of the significantly lower average price level. The drop in value mainly hit trade European countries
North America € 62 million 44%
within the EU. Meanwhile, the export value for trade destinations outside the EU fell € 129 million 71% 1%
only slightly, which was mainly due to a significant expansion of export volumes going 7% 1%
2% 3% 5%
to Asia and Africa. This largely compensated for the negative impact of the Russian 3% 2% 13%
import ban. Also export values of butter and -oil and non-skimmed milk powder 11%
dropped with increasing volumes. The trade of skimmed milk powder dropped both € 4,429 million 59%

in volume and value. 21% 21%


The EU is by far the Netherlands' most important sales region for dairy products, 4% Asia
€ 886 million
representing around 70% (€ 4.4 billion) of total export value in 2015. Of this, 36% and 8%
20% came from trade to Germany and Belgium respectively, and 13% from trade to 8% 20%
France. Of all member states, the Netherlands was the most active on the global 4% 1%1% 18%
market, with a nearly 5% share of world trade. Outside the EU, China (including 4%
Central and
Hong Kong), the United States and Saudi Arabia were the most important destinations. South America 52% 1% 4%
€ 148 million 6%
30% 25% Africa
Dutch export value per destination 2015 € 497 million
Other EU 10% 2%
Sweden 3% 10%
31% Oceania
Greece 4% € 37 million
Germany 36%
United Kingdom 4%
China (incl. Hong Kong) 7% Butter and butteroil 48%
Spain 5% European Union USA 6% 14%
€ 4.4 billion Condensed milk
Italy 5% Saudi Arabia 6% Cheese

Nigeria 5% Skimmed milk powder

France 13% Third countries Milk and cream
€ 1.9 billion United Arab
Belgium 20% Emirates 5% Non-skimmed milk powder
Other third South Korea 5%
countries 55% Other
Whey and whey products, fermented products and
Japan 5% products with milk constituents
Kuwait 3%
Egypt 3%
source: Statistics Netherlands (CBS), Eurostat source: Statistics Netherlands (CBS), Eurostat

20 Dutch dairy in figures 2015 Dutch dairy in figures 2015 21

Dutch dairy exports Import
Including (EU) intratrade, in million kg
2005 2010 2015 Countries of origin of Dutch imports
Cheese 561 735 845
Milk and cream 554 729 606
Condensed milk 235 279 312
Import value
Butter and butteroil 185 199 261 2015: €2.6 billion
Other 19%
Non-skimmed milk powder 163 167 158 Germany 40%
Skimmed milk powder 60 109 97
United Kingdom 6%
source: Eurostat

Ireland 7%
Position of Dutch dairy exports on the world market 2015
Export shares of the most important dairy exporting countries (total world trade 2015: 70.2 billion kg milk equivalent) France 10%
Other 17.7% Belgium 18%
Argentina 2.6%
Belarus 5.4% Other EU 7.1%
Australia 6.3%
The Netherlands 4.8%
source: Eurostat
Denmark 1.6%
EU 27.2%
USA 14.2% Poland 2.0%
Belgium 2.3% Germany 4.7%
Countries of origin of Dutch imports for different product categories 2015
France 4.7%
160 Cheese
Dutch exports to third countries: 3.4 billion kg million Total imports: 263 million kg
% of world trade: 4.8% kg
New Zealand 26.6% 120
source: Statistics Netherlands (CBS), Eurostat, Comtrade, ZuivelNL
In addition to the export of regular dairy, many products on the market have dairy as
a major ingredient. This includes infant nutrition products. For the Dutch dairy sector,
the export of infant nutrition contributes significantly to revenues. In 2015, nearly 0
Germany Belgium France United Kingdom Other
194,000 tons of infant nutrition were exported. Of this, 44% was shipped to China
(including Hong Kong). 40 Butter and butteroil
million Total imports: 117 million kg
Dutch export infant formula to China
Infant formula: HS-code 190110; China: including Hong Kong

100 10
million kg
80 Ireland Germany Belgium France Other

60 160 Milk and cream (in small packages for consumers)

million Total imports: 309 million kg
20 40
0 Germany Belgium Czech Republic France Other
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 source: Eurostat
source: Eurostat
22 Dutch dairy in figures 2015 Dutch dairy in figures 2015 23
Dairy is an important part of the Netherlands' traditional diet.
Milk, cheese, yogurt and dairy desserts continue to
Marketing channels Dutch household purchases cheese 2015
be part of the daily diet of many people in the
100 %
Netherlands. The Netherlands Nutrition Centre Supermarkets 90.1%
has acknowledged the fact that dairy is healthy
by giving it a prominent place in the new
Wheel of Five, a tool used to support 75
education about healthy eating. MARKET

For years, per capita cheese consumption

in the Netherlands has stayed above the
European average. On average, the Dutch eat
about 20 kg of cheese per year. The share of
dairy in Dutch household spending on food and 25
non-alcoholic drinks has been more or less stable
Dairy in the new
at 14% for many years. In 2015, this represented about Wheel of Five Markets 4.4% Other outlets 2.9%
(Dutch dietary guidelines) Fresh speciality stores 2.6%
€ 4.9 billion, or 1.6%
Supermarkten 90,1% of total Markt
4,4% spending. Versspeciaalzaken 2,6% Overigewith
afzetkanalen 2,9%
milk, cheese 0
and yoghurt
source: GfK

Dutch household consumption Dutch household consumption Consumption spending of Dutch households 2015
of cheese of milk

Household consumption cheese 2015: Goudse 52.0% on

1,885 kg per 100 households .2 billi
Skimmed milk 6.6%
Total odu cts € 7
ery pr
Whole milk 9.0% consumption spending an d bak
Semi-skimmed milk 84.4% € 301.8 billion Bread fruit € 6.7
s, ve g et ables and
Other 6.7% Potatoe
Food and n
Cheese non-alcoholic beverages: Meat and meat products € 6.7 billio
spread 3,3% € 34.6 billion
Dairy, eggs, oil an
d fats € 4.9 billio
Other fo
ods € 9
.1 billio
Household purchases
consumption milk 2015:
7,227 liter per 100 households
Fresh 7.3%
Edammer 0.6%
Soft 5.8%
Other domestic natural cheese 24.3% source: GfK source: Statistics Netherlands (CBS)
Magere melk 6,6%
Volle melk 9,0%
Halfvolle melk 84,3%
24 Dutch dairy in figures 2015 Dutch dairy in figures 2015 25
Organisations Primary sector
Dutch Federation of Agriculture and
LTO Nederland
Dairy sector related organisations Horticulture: organisation for employers
and employees in the agricultural sector

The Dutch dairy sector is characterised by a high degree of organisation. Each segment
Dutch Dairy Farmers Union: organisation
of the production chain has its own organisation(s) to represent its interests. A large NMV www.nmv.nu
for the interest of dairy farmers
proportion of the dairy farmers are represented by the Dutch Federation of Agriculture
and Horticulture (LTO Nederland), in particular by the LTO Dairy Committee, while there Farmhouse and Artisan Cheese and
Dairy Producers: organisation for on-
is also the Dutch Dairy Farmers Union (NMV). Industry is represented by the Dutch Dairy BBZ farm processors, active in defending the www.boerderijzuivel.nl
Association (NZO), traders by the organisation of Dutch Dairy Traders (Gemzu) and interests of its members and in product
retailers by the Dutch Food Retail Association (CBL).
Industry and trade
Dutch Dairy Association: association of
Chain organisation ZuivelNL NZO
the Dutch dairy industry
At the initiative of NZO and LTO the private chain organisation ZuivelNL was established
Dutch Dairy Traders: umbrella organisa-
in January 2014. ZuivelNL is an association formed by NZO, LTO and NMV in which other Gemzu tion for dairy traders ande other affiliated www.gemzu.nl
organisations linked to the dairy sector can participate. The mission of ZuivelNL is to associations
strengthen the Dutch dairy supply chain with respects to the environment and the Centraal Bureau Levensmiddelenhandel:
interests of society. ZuivelNL is active in fields where cooperation between the segments CBL branchevereniging voor de supermarkt­ www.cbl.nl
branche en food service bedrijven
of the dairy sector will create added value. The ZuivelNL programme of work focuses on
the following areas: Other categories
Dairy chain organisation: association in
which LTO, NMV and NZO collaborate on
Food safety ZuivelNL several dairy related themes where and www.zuivelnl.org
Monitoring and research of raw milk quality when this is considered of added value to
Animal health the dairy sector
Monitoring, research and prevention of animal disease
The Netherlands Controlling Authority for
milk and milk products: implementing
Sustainable Dairy Chain (Duurzame Zuivelketen) aims to make the Dutch dairy sector COKZ www.cokz.nl
organisation for control, specialized in
world leader in sustainability
quality assurance in the dairy chain
Research & innovation
Applied and strategic research in the interest of dairy farmers, including knowledge Private organisation for analysis and cer-
exchange and innovation QLIP tification in the dairy chain and agrofood www.qlip.nl
Labour issues
Technical knowledge retention, working environment
Leading Dutch animal health and animal
Export GD production organisation, active in a.o. www.gddiergezondheid.nl
Veterinary issues, trade regulations and foreign market access, normalisation animal disease control programmes
Market information
Research organisation active in a.o.
Commission Official Dutch Dairy Quotations, international milk price comparison, Wageningen UR
research on various dairy farming related www.wageningenur.nl
statistics Livestock Research themes
Websites on dairy education, teaching materials, farm visits Research institute for a.o. (dairy)product
NIZO Food Research www.nizo.com
technology and milk quality

Netherlands Enterprise Agency (RVO):

RVO part of the Ministry of Economic Affairs, www.rvo.nl
which focuses on business support

26 Dutch dairy in figures 2015 Dutch Zuivel

dairy in
cijfers 2015 27