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Spencer See
Joseph Yap
Elaine Dizon
Rhea Chong
Kassy Gomez
HI 16 - C
Ms. Garcia
Sex-Education in Indonesia
Thesis: Despite Indonesia's conservative view of sex, a shift towards formal sex education is
necessary for the country.
I. For the past 19 years, Indonesian citizens has viewed sex as taboo, which makes it a
sensitive topic that is rarely discussed about.
A. From 1966-1998, Indonesia was under the New Order Regime. It is famed for its
achievements. These achievements included: steady social-economic growth, rise in living
standards, and a successful family planning program.
1) At that time, contraceptions utilized were condoms, pills, injections, vasectomy, and etc.
2) From 1976 to 1987, there was a steady rise in all of them. Among the tools of
contraception, pills were used the most in 1987 with 16.7%.
B. Although the regime had accomplishments, the New Order Regime also brought violence,
including a mass rape against the Chinese-Indonesian women in May 1998. As a result:
1) The citizens leaned towards Islam beliefs and renewed them during the Reformasi Era,
which was a period of transition.
2) The Indonesians believed that it was the religion fit for resurrecting a nation from the
ruins.
3) With the presence of Islamic beliefs, it paved the way for conservative sexual politics.
C. In effect to this, anything related to sex is strictly monitored in Indonesia.
1) As an Islamic country, sex is viewed as a "taboo".
2) Erwin Arnada, who was the editor for Playboy Indonesia, was arrested and sent to prison
for revealing pornography and indecency charges despite the fact no nudity was
revealed.
3) The Indonesian government ordered a publisher of a sex-educational book, I Dare to
Sleep Alone and I Learn to Control Myself, to withdraw as it was considered "vulgar".
II. Glimpses of sex-education in Indonesia are present, however, it is insufficient and
informal.
A. Sex education is currently not a part of the school's official curriculum.
1) Sex education is integrated in biology courses, however, it is worth noting a lot of
students don't take biology classes.
2) Teenage girls can only have access to information about sex through magazines, as these
magazines are usually more hinged on to morality.
B. The government remains defiant.
1) Various Islamic groups and organizations are already supporting the implementation of
sex-education
2) Despite the support of these groups, the Indonesian government still continues to debate
about the subject.
3) Indonesia is one of the few Muslim countries that still don't have sex education as part of
the school curriculum, along with Malaysia and Thailand.
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III. The current rising cases of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases deserve much-
needed attention.
A. HIV cases have been rising in Indonesia since 1994.
1) Programs to prevent HIV only focuses on sex workers, drivers, drug users, and guides as
the young adolescents were left out.
2) The number of cases in 2001 reached up to 120,000 as 27,000 were women with ages
15-49.
B. Indonesian citizens have multiple channels for sexual contact, which increases the chances
of getting infected with sexually transmitted diseases.
1) According to a study, citizens can have sexual contact through massage parlors,
nightclubs, streets, brothels, and etc.
2) Aside from HIV, common sexually transmitted diseases include Syphilis, Gonorrhea,
Chlamydia, and Trichomoniasis.
3) Among the STDs mentioned, most citizens get infected with Syphilis through sexual
contact in the streets with 30%.
IV. The country's problem in overpopulation is rising.
A. Indonesia is in the top five for the most populated countries in the world.
1) Back in 2006, the country was fifth in the world, alongside the United States, Pakistan,
and etc.
2) Currently, Indonesia is at fourth in the world with 258,316,051 citizens.
B. Insufficient sex education may have an impact in the continuing rise of the population of
Indonesia.
1) In Sweden, sufficient and comprehensive sex education is provided for the citizens
which includes contraception, abortion, and etc. The country is currently one of the most
stable in terms of population.
2) One of the best solutions to approach overpopulation is through sexual education, as this
is usually applied in countries with high ratios of unwanted births.
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