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2015B Exam A: MAT271B / MAT271T / ITT10BT / MAT251F / MATH600 Page 1 of 9

QUESTION 1 [15]
dy
1.1 Determine if
dx

 sin  argsinh x 
arc tan  3 x 
1.1.1 ye (4)

   
dy 3 1
 earc tan3 x   cos  argsinh x 
1   3x 
2
dx x2  1

1.1.2 cos1 y  x 2 y  1 Simplify the answer. (6)

  
1 dy dy
 2 xy  x 2 OR f  x, y   cos1 y  x 2 y  1 
1  y 2 dx dx

dy dy
  2 xy 1  y 2  x 2 1 y2  f x  2 xy 
dx dx

2 xy 1  y 2 
dy
dx

1  x2 1  y 2   fy 
1
1 y 2
 x 2 

dy 2 xy 1  y 2 dy  f x 2 xy 2 xy 1  y 2
     
dx 1  x 2 1  y 2 dx fy 1 1  x2 1  y 2
x 2

1 y2

1.2 A rectangular storage area is to be constructed along the side of a building. A security fence is
required along the remaining three sides of the area. What is the maximum area that can be enclosed
with 900 m of fencing? (5)

Perimeter  2x  y
y  900  2 x 

x
A  x  900  2 x 
 900 x  2 x 2  y

dA
 900  4 x
dx
0  900  4x 
x  225 y  450 

Max Area  225  450  101250m2 


2015B Exam A: MAT271B / MAT271T / ITT10BT / MAT251F / MATH600 Page 2 of 9

QUESTION 2 [12]
Consider the parametric equations x  1  cos3 and y  2sin 3 .
dy
2.1 Determine (3)
dx

dx dy dy 6cos 3
 3sin 3   6 cos 3     2cot 3 
d d dx 3sin 3

2.2 Determine the Cartesian coordinates of the turning point of the curve represented by the parametric
equations if    0;   . (3)

dy 3cos 3  
Turning point if   0   cos3  0  3   
dx sin 3 2 6


Cartesian coordinates: x  1  cos 3    1
6

 
y  2sin 3    2 1; 2  
6

2.3 The x and y coordinates of a moving particle are given by the parametric equations
5t t2  t
x and y .
2t  1 10
Calculate the magnitude of velocity after 2 seconds if v  vx2  v y2 . (6)

dx 5  2t  1  5t  2  5
vx     
 2t  1  2t  1
2 2
dt

dy 1
vy    2t  1 
dt 10

25 1
v    2t  1 
2

 2t  1
4
100

25 1 2 29
if t  2 v 4
 5   0.5385 
5 100 10
2015B Exam A: MAT271B / MAT271T / ITT10BT / MAT251F / MATH600 Page 3 of 9

QUESTION 3 [12]
3.1 The curve y  sinh x crosses the parabola y  1  x 2 somewhere between x  0 and x  1 .
Use the Newton-Raphson method with initial guess x1  0.5 to determine the intersection accurately
to four decimal places. (5)

y1

0.0 0.5 1.0


x
sinh xn  1  xn 2
f  x   sinh x  1  x 2  f '  x   cosh x  2 x  xn 1  xn  
cosh xn  2 xn
x1  0.5
x2  0.6075869... 
x3  0.6014227...
x4  0.601401... Intersection at x  0.6014 

3.2 Write down the first three non-zero terms in the Maclaurin series expansion of f  x   ln 1  x  .
Show all your calculations and simplify each term. (5)

f  x   ln 1  x  f  0  0
1
f ' x   1  x  f '  0  1 
1

1 x
f ''  x    1  x  f ''  0   1 
2

f '''  x   2 1  x  f '''  0   2 
3

x 2 2 x3 6 x 4 x 2 x3 x 4
ln 1  x   0  x     ...  x     ... 
2 3.2 4.3.2 2 3 4

3.3 Hence use your answer in 3.2 to write down the Maclaurin series expansion of f  x   ln 1  2 x  .
(2)

 2 x   2 x   2 x 
2 3 4

ln 1  2 x    2 x      ... 
2 3 4
3
8x
 2 x  2 x 2   4 x 4  ... 
3
2015B Exam A: MAT271B / MAT271T / ITT10BT / MAT251F / MATH600 Page 4 of 9

QUESTION 4 [11]
4.1 Consider the function f  x, y   xy  x  y 2 .

4.1.1 Determine all the first and second order derivatives of f . (3)

fx  y 1 fy  x  2y 

fxx  0 f yy  2  f xy  1 

4.1.2 Determine the position and the nature of the stationary points of (3)

Stationary points: 0  y  1  y  1

0  x  2y  x  2  2; 1 

Nature: D  f xx f yy   f xy   0  1  0 
2
Saddle point 

E2
4.2 Electrical power P is given by P  where E is voltage and R is resistance. Determine the
R
maximum percentage error in calculating power if the possible percentage errors in measuring
E and R are  2% and  3%, respectively. Use calculus methods. (5)

P P
P  E  R 
E R

2E  2  E 2  3 
P   E 2  R  
R  100  R  100 

E2
P 
R
 2(0.02)   0.03   P  0.07  
Max 7% error in calculating P
2015B Exam A: MAT271B / MAT271T / ITT10BT / MAT251F / MATH600 Page 5 of 9

QUESTION 5 [10]
Determine the following integrals:

 x e dx
2
3x
5.1 (2)

1 2
 e3 x  c √√
6
Deduct 1 mark if “c” is missing here only

x e
2 3x
5.2 dx (4)

√ √ √
1 2 2
 x e dx  3 x e  9 xe  27 e  c
2 3x 2 3x 3x 3x

S D I
+ x2 e3x
- 2x 1 3x
e
3 √ OR for the formula used correctly.
+ 2 1 3x
e
9
- 0 1 3x
e
27

dx
5.3  25  16 x 2
(2)

1 4x
 tanh 1  c √√
20 5

 sec x tan x dx
2
5.4 (2)

sec2 x tan 2 x
 or  c √√
2 2
2015B Exam A: MAT271B / MAT271T / ITT10BT / MAT251F / MATH600 Page 6 of 9

QUESTION 6 [12]
6t  5
6.1 To evaluate the following integral Jack has to use partial fractions  (t 2
 3)(t  4)
dt .

6t  5 At  B C
6.1.1 Help Jack to find the values of A, B and C:  2  (3)
(t  3)(t  4) t  3 t  4
2

 6t  5  ( At  B)(t  4)  C (t 2  3)
t  4 :19  19C  C  1
√√√
t  0 : 5  4 B  3C  4 B  3  B  2
t  1:1  ( A  B)(3)  C 4  ( A  2)(3)  4  A  1

6.1.2 Hence, show all the steps how Jack will determine the integral above. (5)

6t  5  t  2 1 
 (t 2
 3)(t  4)
dt    2 
 t 3 t 4
dt √

 t 2 1 
  2  2  dt SPLIT √
t 3 t 3 t 4

1 2 t
  ln t 2  3  tan 1  ln t  4  c √√√
2 3 3

6.2 Use the following data with Simpson’s rule to approximate the area to 3 decimals under a curve by
using 6 strips. (4)

xi -4 0 4 8 12 16 20
yi 11 9 3 10 21 30 40

Area =
h
3
 y0  y6  4  y1  y3  y5   2  y2  y4  √ h4 √


4
3
11  4 9  10  30   2 3  21  40 √
 393,333 to 3 decimal places √
2015B Exam A: MAT271B / MAT271T / ITT10BT / MAT251F / MATH600 Page 7 of 9

QUESTION 7 [9]
7.1 Determine the area of the region bounded by the function y  x ln x and the lines x  2 and x  5.
Show all your steps and round the answer off to three decimals. (5)

5
Area   x ln xdx √
2

x2 x x2 x2
[ ln x   dx]52  [ ln x  ]52  13.482
2 2 2 4
√ √ √ √

S D I
+ ln x x
- 1 x2
x 2

7.2 If y  cos t , 0  t   determine the RMS-value of the function. Show ALL your steps and leave the
answer in surd (root) form. (4)

1 


(RMS)2  (cos t ) 2 dt √
0

1  1

 (1  cos 2t )dt √
0 2

1 1 1
 [t  sin 2t ] 0  √
2 2 2

1
RMS  √
2
2015B Exam A: MAT271B / MAT271T / ITT10BT / MAT251F / MATH600 Page 8 of 9

QUESTION 8 [13]
Determine the solutions of the following differential equations:
dy
8.1  7 x  1  4 x3 with y(1)  2 (5)
dx

dy
 4 x3 - 7 x  1 √
dx

7 x2
y  x4   xc √
2

7(1)2
y (1)  2 : 2  (1) 4  1  c √
2
c  5.5 √

7 x2
y  x4   x  5.5 √
2

dy 2 1
8.2  y 0 (4)
dx x x

dy 2 1 dy 1 2
 y √ OR   y
dx x x dx x x
2
 x dx dy 1
Re  e2 nx  x 2 √  1  2 y 
dx x

1 1 1
Solution: x 2 y   x 2 ( )dx   xdx √ dy  dx
x 1 2 y x

x2
x2 y  c √  12 ln 1  2 y  ln x  c
2
2015B Exam A: MAT271B / MAT271T / ITT10BT / MAT251F / MATH600 Page 9 of 9

dy
8.3  e x2 y (4)
dx

dy
 e x  e2 y √
dx
e2 y dy  e x dx √√
1 2 y
e  ex  c √
2

QUESTION 9 [6]
A Mathematics lecturer with a temperature of 370C enters a lab with the air-conditioner set at 210C. After 5
minutes the lecturer has a temperature of 290C . What will the lecturer’s temperature be after 8 minutes?

dT
 k (T  21), T (0)  37, T (5)  29
dt

dT
 T  21  k  dt √

ln(T  21)  kt  c √

T (0)  37 : c  ln16 √

T (5)  29 : ln8  5k  ln16,  k  15 ln 12 √

 ln(T  21)   15 ln 12  t  ln16

At t  8: ln(T  21)   15 ln 12  8  ln16 √

 1 ln 12 8ln16
T e 5  21  26.280 C √

TOTAL 100