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Lesson Plan in Grade 8 (Topaz & Diamond)

February 1 & 5, 2018

I. Objectives
At the end of the lesson, the students must have:
1. Identified different perspectives in viewing illustration.
2. Defined of what are perspective and literature as communication.
3. Written an essay in which they expresses their own view.

II. Subject Matter

Topic: Changing Perspectives
References: Grade 8 – Module and Curriculum Guide
Materials: Visual aids for discussion, Picture, Cartolina, Pentel pen

III. Learning Procedure

Teacher’s Activity Student’s Activity

A. Preliminary Activities
1. Prayer Everybody stands and pray.
2. Greetings
3. Checking of Attendance

B. Motivation
(Let the students do the activity).
Work in pairs. Take turns in explaining
what you see in the picture below.

“Something Old, Something New” Student’s answer may vary.

Process questions:
1. How many in your classmates have
you encountered whose perspective
or view of the picture is different
from yours?
2. Have you tried convincing your
classmate of your view? How did you
handle differences in points of view?
3. How do you express your view while
respecting others?
C. Discussion
Highlighting the Form

Discuss about, “Perspectives” and

“Literature as Communication.”

Take a look at the meaning of the word,

perspective. The definition provides an
etymology or history of the word. The
definition says that perspective also means
“mental outlook over time.” This means that
view change through time.

Perspective (n)
“science of optics,” from old French perspective
and directly from Medieval Latin perspectivaars
“science of optics,” from perspectivus “of sight,
optical” from Latin perspectus “clearly
perceived” , “inspect, look through, look
closely, look at” Sense of “art of drawing
objects so as to give appearance of distance or
depth” is first found 1590’s, influenced by
Italian prospettiva, an artist’s term. The
figurative meaning “mental outlook over time”
is first recorded 1762.

Literature as Communication
Writers communicate their ideas in varied
ways. Some write stories while others articulate
their perspectives through verses or poems.
According to Angeliki Coconi, “Literary
Communication is the contact between the
author and the reader. The writer sends a
message through his text and the audience
receives it. The text comes to life and serves its
purpose only when it communicates with the

D. Generalization
1. What is perspective?
2. How would you handle different
views while respecting others?
3. What does literature as
communication mean?
E. Application
Activity: A Colored Experience
Read the poems in this activity and
answer the questions that follow.

by David Diop
1 Africa, my Africa
2 Africa of proud warriors in ancestral savannahs
3 Africa of whom my grandmother sings
4 On the banks of the distant river
5 I have never known you
6 But your blood flows in my veins
7 Your beautiful black blood that irrigates the fields
8 The blood of your sweat
9 The sweat of your work
10 The work of your slavery
11 Africa, tell me Africa
12 Is this you, this back that is bent
13 This bank that breaks
14 Under the weight of humiliation
15 This back trembling with red scars
16 And saying yes to the whip under the midday sun
17 But a grave voice answers me
18 Impetuous child that tree, young and strong
19 That tree over there
20 Splendidly alone amidst white and faded flowers
21 That is your Africa springing up anew
22 Springing up patiently, obstinate
23 Whose fruit bit by bit acquires
24 The bitter taste of liberty.

Process questions:
1. How does the poet initially describe
2. What does “ancestral savannahs”
3. Why is Africa’s back bent?
4. To what does the poet compare
Africa with in the last 5 lines?
5. How does the writer end the poem?
IV. Evaluation
Instructions: In a ½ sheet of paper, crosswise, fill out the box below that corresponds to
your answer. Compare and contrast the changing perspective of the author
towards Africa. Cite lines from the poem to prove your answer.

Compare Contrast Lines from the poem

V. Assignment
Intructions: In a ½ sheet of paper, crosswise, make a reflection through an essay form.
“How do I express my perspectives while respecting other cultures?”

Prepared by:
Sheila Rose O. Estampador