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PEOPLE v SIYOH house where they were selling the goods

Petitioners: People of the Phil 5. On July 14, 1979, When they were heading back to Pilas
Respondents: Julaide Siyoh Island from Baluk-Baluk Island through riding a pump
Topic: Crimes against the law of nations: Qualified piracy (Art. boat where Siyoh positioned himself at the front while
123) Kiram operated the engine.
Law: 6. On the way to Pilas Island, Antonio de Guzman saw
Art. 123. Qualified piracy. — The penalty of reclusion temporal another pumpboat painted red and green about 200
to death shall be imposed upon those who commit any of the meters away from their pumpboat Shortly after" Kiram
crimes referred to in the preceding article, under any of the turned off the engine of their pumpboat. Thereafter two
following circumstances: shots were fired from the other pumpboat as it moved
1. Whenever they have seized a vessel by towards them
boarding or firing upon the same; 2. 7. There were two persons on the other pumpboat who
Whenever the pirates have abandoned their were armed with armantes. De Guzman recognized
victims without means of saving themselves; them to be the same persons he saw Kiram conversing
or 3. Whenever the crime is accompanied by with in a house at Baluk-Baluk Island.
murder, homicide, physical injuries or rape. 8. When the boat came close to them, Kiram threw a rope
to the other pump boat which towed de Guzman's pump
boat towards Mataja Island.
9. On the way to Mataja Island, Antonio de Guzman and
FACTS
his companions were divested of their money and their
1. Julaide Siyoh and Omarkyam Kiram, together with
goods by Kiram. Thereafter Kiram and his companions
Namli Indanan and Andaw Jamahali were accused
ordered the group of de Guzman to undress.
of qualified piracy with triple murder and frustrated
10. Taking fancy on the pants of Antonio de Guzman, Kiram
murder
put it on.
2. On July 10, 1979: Antonio de Guzman together with his
11. With everybody undressed, Kiram said 'It was good to
friends who were also travelling merchants likehim
kill all of you'. After that remark, Siyoh hacked Danilo
(Danilo Hiolen. Rodolfo de Castro and Anastacio de
Guzman) were on their way to Pilas Island, Province of Hiolen while Kiram hacked Rodolfo de Castro. Antonio
de Guzman jumped into the water. As he was swimming
Basilan, to sell goods they received from Alberto Aurea.
3. They left for Pilas Island at 2:00 p.m. of July 10, 1979 on away from the pumpboat, the two companions of Kiram
fired at him, injuring his back. But he was able to reach
a pump boat. They took their dinner and slept thatnight
a mangrove where he stayed till nightfall. When he left
in the house of Omar-kayam Kiram at Pilas Island. Who
the mangrove, he saw the dead bodies of Anastacio de
also helped them from selling their goods to different
Guzman, Danilo Hiolen and Rodolfo de Castro. He was
Islands near Pilas.
picked up by a fishing boat and brought to the
4. Before the incident happened, Antonio, the lone survivor
Philippine Army station at Maluso where he received
saw that Kiram was talking with another two persons that
he can only recognize in their faces somewhere near the first aid treatment. Later he was brought to the J.S. Alano
Memorial Hospital at Isabela, Basilan province.

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12. On July 15, 1979, while waiting for the dead bodies of Guzman
his companions at the wharf, de Guzman saw Siyoh and
Kiram. He pointed them out to the PC and the two were
arrested before they could run. When arrested, Kiram
was wearing the pants he took from de Guzman and de
Guzman had to ask Pat. Bayabas at the Provincial Jail to
get back his pants from Kiram

ISSUE:
WoN the respondent-appellants are guilty beyond reasonable
doubt of qualified piracy with triple murder? [YES]

CONTENTIONS OF APPELLANTS
1. Since it was contested by appellants that there guilt was not
proven beyond reasonable doubt since the prosecution did not
present evidence that the accused were also the one who killed
Anastacio de Guzman because his remains are never recovered.
2.The Credibility of the Witness—since only 1 witness was
presented
3. Appellants claim (Siyoh and Kiram) that they were not the
assailants but also the victim

RULING:
1. Number of persons killed on the occasion of piracy, not
material; Piracy, a special complex crime punishable by death—
but the number of persons killed on the occasion of piracy is not
material. PD 532 considers qualified piracy as a special
complex crime punishable by death. Therefore, the guilt of
respondent were proven beyond reasonable doubt.
2. There was no other evidence presented on why should the
lone survivor tell lies and fabricate story as to apprehend the
accused.
3. Appellants claim that they were not the assailants but also the
victim and that the two persons they have identified (Namli
Indanan and Andaw Jamahali) is baseless as view in the proven
conspiracy among the accused. The Conspiracy was established
through the testimony of the lone witness and survivor- De

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