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CITY MUSEUM, CHANDIGARH

CASE STUDY

MUSEUM & ART GALLERY
The Government Museum & Art Gallery was designed as a building for the Museum by
Le Corbusier. It came into being on the 6th of May, 1968 with untiring efforts of Late
M.S. Randhawa, the then Chief Commissioner.

Like the City of Chandigarh, the Museum owes its existence to the partition of the
country. The collection of arts objects, paintings, sculpture and decorative arts was
housed in Lahore, the then Capital of Punjab. On 20th April 1948 the division of the
collection took place by which 60% of the objects were retained as were the objects
already re-produced in books and excavated from the sites falling in erstwhile Punjab.
The remaining 40% collection consisting mainly of Gandhara Sculpture and miniature
paintings fell in the East Punjab’s share. Received in 1949, the collection was first
installed in Amritsar and then shifted to Shimla. It was decided in 1960 that the
Museum should have a building of its own in Chandigarh. The plan was approved in
1962 and the work remained suspended for sometime and finally, the Museum was
constructed and opened to public in May, 1968.

The Museum possesses the largest collection of the world famous Gandhara Sculptures
after Lahore. There is also a well appointed library in the Museum, which meets the
needs of the scholars and students through its stock of 4600 books and references of
arts and allied subjects.

Pure and Simple.. That’s it. Without both good presentation and effective preservation.. a museum won’t be able to continue. the building is not a museum. and 3) Do this all as efficiently as possible. If the "public" (young or old) cannot see.THE MISSIONS OF A MUSEUM ARE: 1) Collect and exhibit art and historic artifacts for public education and enjoyment. understand and enjoy the exhibits. preserving and presenting our art and heritage. the building is not a museum. whatever it may be. 2) Protect the collection from damage. . it is an archive. If items are not preserved. Anything that detracts from this is artistic or architectural nonsense and a violation of a museum’s stewardship.

Water Supply and sewerage disposal 8. sun and wind. Planning of spaces and form 6. blocking . Façade design and treatment 9. Site analysis. Furniture and display units 10. Electrical 2. Circulation indoor and outdoor 5. Lighting indoor and outdoor 3. Response to climate. Fire Fighting 4. parking and landscaping . shading devices 7.CASE STUDY TOPICS 1. zoning .

ELECTRICAL .

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can affect a visitor's ability to appreciate artwork because the human eye requires several minutes to adjust to large changes in light levels. or from exterior to interior. Sharply contrasting light levels between a bright entry and a dark gallery can be very disturbing.LIGHTING INDOOR AND OUTDOOR Lighting in museums and art galleries plays a key role in a visitor's ability to perceive and enjoy both the artefacts in a museum and the building in total. and potentially . In order to develop a successful lighting scheme. a museum lighting designer must satisfy many conflicting design requirements. Dramatic variations in light levels from exhibit to exhibit.

LIGHTING INDOOR AND OUTDOOR .

LIGHTING INDOOR AND OUTDOOR .

LIGHTING INDOOR AND OUTDOOR .

LIGHTING INDOOR AND OUTDOOR .

FIRE FIGHTING .

your main focus should be the rooms and not the hallway. and areas in a room that leads to another room. such as a hallway. When you visit a building.CIRCULATION INDOOR AND OUTDOOR Circulation space identifies area of a building that is used for pedestrian travel. stair way. . It is generally not good to have a home with a high percentage of circulation space.

Corridors that expand and contract create bottlenecks. •Break up corridor lengths. • This can lead to congestion. and altercations. This will reduce travel time and also discourage kids from running through the halls. •Corridors should be able to easily handle two-way traffic. People who walk at a fast pace or turn corners quickly do not see the traffic in the intersecting hallway. •Blind corners can be a hazard. •Keep corridors a consistent width. collisions.WHAT SHOULD BE KEPT IN MIND WHILE DESIGNING CIRCULATION SPACE ? •Widen corridors beyond the typical 8-9 feet currently in use. . bumping. •Consider rounding or angling corners so there is a sight line to the intersecting corridor.

CIRCULATION INDOOR AND OUTDOOR .

PLANNING OF SPACES AND FORM .

FAÇADE DESIGN AND TREATMENT .

FURNITURE AND DISPLAY UNITS .

FURNITURE AND DISPLAY UNITS .

FURNITURE AND DISPLAY UNITS .

FURNITURE AND DISPLAY UNITS .

FURNITURE AND DISPLAY UNITS .

BLOCKING . ZONING . PARKING AND LANDSCAPING .SITE ANALYSIS.

THANK YOU .