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WHY SHOULD THE PHILIPPINES BE

INTO FEDERALISM FROM THE PRESENT


UNITARY SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT?
(PRESENTS THE BASIC STRUCTURE OF
FEDERAL SYSTEM)

The term federalism is derived from the Latin


root, foedus which means formal agreement
or covenant.

federalism
FEDERALISM Defined
-A system of government in which powers are divided and
shared by a central (federal) government and its regional(State)
governments.

Before we proceed how this system works, let’s be familiar


first with the present system of government that is
operating now. It is called Unitary System of Government.
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What is UNITARY SYSTEM?
All Powers and Authority of the state are vested in the highly
centralized government with the following aspects:
- It has a constitution that outlines
the duties, powers and people of
the central government. LGU has
its uniform laws called Local
Government Code.
- It has a constitution that outlines
the duties, powers and people of
the central government.

- Central government can give power to create lower levels of


government like cities, municipalities, provinces and regions.
This power can be changed federalism
or taken back at any time.
- Of the 100% revenues/annual income of the LGU,70% is to be
remitted to the central and 30% is to be retained by the LGU.

- 30% for annual disposal of


the LGU

- 70% for the central


government.

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THE FEDERAL SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT
Federalism Defined- it is a system of
government in which powers are divided
and shared by the central (Federal)
government and its regional (State)
governments.

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GOVERNMENT
Federal State
Executive Executive
President or Prime Minister Governor or Premier

Legislative Legislative
Congress or Parliament Congress or Parliament
Unicameral or Bicameral Unicameral or Bicameral

Judiciary Judiciary
Supreme Court and Lower State Supreme Court and
Federal Courts Lower State Courts

Federal Constitution federalism


State Constitution
PROS AND CONS OF UNITARY
AND FEDERAL GOVERNMENTS
Unitary system Federal system
Pro: Pro:

- promotes national - good for large, culturally


unity diverse countries

Con: Con:
- Public policies may not - conflict between federal
fit the needs of the and state government,
entire country or conflicting or competing laws
population.
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PROPOSED DESIGNATIONS, CAPITALS, AND
GEOGRAPHICAL EXTENTS
Letter State Capital

Federal Administrative
M Region of Metro Manila
Manila

A Northern Luzon Tuguegarao

B Central Luzon Tarlac City

C Southern Tagalog Tagaytay

D Mimaropa Mamburao

E Bicol Legazpi

F Eastern Visayas Catbalogan

G Central Visayas Cebu City

H Western Visayas Iloilo City

I Northern Mindanao Cagayan de Oro

J Southern Mindanao Davao City

K Bangsamoro Marawi
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Monetary
Federal Authority

Declare War Environmental Protection


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State/Domestic
Authority

Laws, Social Education Curriculum


Order & Justice

Foreign Trade

Tourism Promotion of Culture

Autonomy guaranteed by state constitution


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POWER SHARING AND
COORDINATION
The Federal And State Governments
Are Coordinating On The Following
Aspects:
Environmental Protection
School Calendar Days
School Curriculum
Qualifications of Teachers
Enact and Enforce Law and Order
Tax Collection
Wealth Sharing
(30Fed /70 State )
Debts - 30% federal
- 70% state
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THREE PROMISES OF By Jan Erk
FEDERALISM
1. Better Democracy - best suited for
Philippine Federalism by giving the
constituents voice and be heard by the state
government and empowering the local
communities where ordinary people, local
political parties and other democratic
personalities to give reactions and participate
in the decision- making,give honor and bring
to justice to the state government officials
who failed to execute laws, order, social
services, and justice. This is what we call
Democratic Accountabilities
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THREE PROMISES OF By Jan Erk
FEDERALISM
2. Good Governance - This composes eight
extra-ordinary characteristics:
i. participatory
ii. consensus oriented
iii. accountability
iv. transparency
v. responsive – positive action
vi. effective and efficient
vii. equitable
viii. inclusive

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THREE PROMISES OF By Jan Erk
FEDERALISM
3. Governance for cultural diversity - This gives
autonomy to the diverse Filipino cultures
based on dialect, religious belief to manage
their own economic and political affairs in the
government to become more effective.

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THE PROMISES OF PHILIPPINE FEDERALISM

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THE MOST IMPORTANT KEY TO
FEDERALISM

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