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Complete this Medieval Renaissance Baroque Classical Romantic 20th Century

form by filling
in each square
with material
from each time
period and
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Melody The monophonic The melody in this For the Baroque The melodies, Composers were The Twentieth
vocal music of time period was period, the as per usual, more influenced Century’s
the Gregorian assisted greatly by melodies tended were the main by the world writers used a
Chants were the powerful to be payed by focus of the around them combination of
very important harmony that was the highest music during this than at any other dissonant
during this time starting to be more pitched time period. The time in history. sounds and
period. The popular. instruments. different kinds of Exotic places consonant
melody of the Doing so would instrumental inspired many of sounds. The
chants were the allow it to stand genres thrived the melodies consonant
pieces that were out more above off of the melody heard. sound is the
sung in church. the instruments to help carry the pleasant sound
behind it. tune. you hear, which
is the melody.
This was
important to
counteract the
harshness of
dissonant sound
Harmony Although the During this time Compared to the During the With the Harmony in the
monophonic period, there was a other ages of second half of darkness of the Twentieth
melodic aspect developed music and the era, the mind being the Century era
of the music was systematic harmonic modern Western instrumental main focus of could also be
the most known language, which music, during genres that the era, the referred to as a
part, the was a logical way to the Baroque became very harmony dissonance.
harmonic part of use harmony for Period, they left popular were assisting the Dissonance
the pieces were complimenting out many symphonies, melody sounds were
considered just melody more. fundamental concertos, and enhanced it. This harsh and
as important, as Composers in this parts of music, string quartets. helped to really tended to grate
it complimented time period saw an one of the most With the create the dark on the ear
the melody well. increasing noticeable instruments feel to the music. tended to create
awareness of the things left out supporting in the The composers an unstable
importance of was the background, the chose to find feeling for the
harmony. harmony. harmony created their own unique listener which
the depth and sound, which in needed a move
flow to the turn would be to be more
music. accompioned by stable, which
a unique then lead to the
harmony to flow. softer and
gentler melody.
Rhythm In the Gregorian In order to have The moving For the Classical The newfound Twentieth
Chant style of supported a strong bass line period, the “dark” side of Century
music, the harmony that created by the general outlook music was being composed to
rhythm greatly accompanied the basso continuo for the music adopted more dissonance
impacted the melody, the rhythm helped flow the valued reason, and more freely without
music as it held was important to music along. balance, rapidly, and this feeling the need
a strong beat keep the two in line The beat of the summery, and made the music to soften the
and was easy to and together. bass elegance. Music flow. It had an effect by using a
learn the lines. instruments, was composed eerie tune to it, consonant
such as the cell, according to rather than a sound. With the
bass, or established cheerful one of free will of the
bassoon helped forms like the classical writers, the bass
pulse through sonata, rondo, period. line was very
the music and ternary, theme important to
add depth. and variations. keep the music
The flow and steady while
beat of the possibly having
music was very a chaotic
important to harmony on top
these different of it.
forms and
Form When the During the Timing began to During the first The Romantic The Twentieth
Troubadours Renaissance period be everything half half of the period was Century was the
and Trouveres is when a cappella during this time Classical period, almost a most complex of
created their was first introduced, period. Here, most of the complete 180 of all music eras
poems and which is defined as they developed music was very the Classical by far. It not only
songs, they unaccompanied the “basso simple and light, period. It was included a
used form to vocal music. With continuo,” where which made for very different in single type of
created direct this, the singers a combination of very nice the sense that music, but a
beginnings and especially needed to low-pitched background people were whole world of
endings of their know exactly when instruments music for the viewing a different types.
work. their parts were. If were paired with wealthy’s symphony More styles
one of the singers a keyboard. It parties. The subjectively. existed side by
was off, the whole provided a very second half saw Form came into side during this
piece would be off. firm harmonic the importance play because the time than any
They had to know foundation with of music that different other, and new
when to start and a moving bass showed thematic organization of approaches to
stop their vocals. line and a development. the music helped writing music
normal rhythmic create developed and
beat throughout. individuality and were very widely
a helpful boost adopted.
to the mix.
Texture The monophonic The music style During this time With the new Music in With the
vocal music of during the period, a idea of thematic previous eras combination of
the time was Renaissance Period homophonic development emphasized so many
fairly transparent was definitely more texture was becoming very pleasant different styles
and simple. It complex than the popular, such as popular, the qualities of of music, the
was clear that Medieval time a solo voice complexity of the sound, the complexity of
there was 1 period. The singing the pieces was Romantic period the sound of the
voice during the Renaissance melody with an increasing. composers era was
pieces. incorporated a style instrumental Through the started to astounding.
called imitative accompaniment symphonies, explore the more There were
polyphony, where was very concertos, and dark side of many, many
the voice would popular. The string quartets humanity, and it different
imitate the melody of complexity of having a came off as combinations
the previously heard the music was multitude of somewhat harsh that made the
voice. increasing. different and frightening. era bright.
instruments, the It was all about
combinations of extremes,
the different creating a
sounds created complicated
a very “thick” texture.
texture of sound.
Timbre You can very Instruments were During this time There was a The darkness of This time period
much tell that being more and period, the large the Romantic is when vocals
the monophonic move involved in the homophonic combination of period used a and instruments
music of the music. You can hear texture vocals and combination of collided the
time was the differences accompanied by instruments. The their vocals and most. This
creating songs between the voices an instrument different large instruments to ensured that
using just of the melody and became popular, groups of assist them in there were
voices. the voices of the and you can instruments creating a more always multiple
harmony. easily depict the were being eerie feel. With layers to music
difference brought together the distinct and a
between the with vocals on difference complexity to it,
two. top of it. between the where we can
vocals and the hear the
instruments, it difference
improved this between the
creepy edge a instruments in
lot. the back and the
vocals being
presented in the