Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 3

# 19 Data values were given and had to find MEDIAN and MODE 2 Marks

MEAN MODE MEDIAN Std.Deviation was given against 2 sets of values and we
have to calculate Avg.MIN value for both data sets. 3 Marks
What are the characteristics of Cross-sectional research design 5 Marks
Why case studies are important in solving a problem 5 marks
what are the criteria for finding if a research finding correct 5 mark

methods/forum/topics/sta730-all-current-mid-term-papers-fall-2016-and-past-mid-
term-pa#Hw3hu05G4hhWA15m.99

StA730
My STA730 exam… 22 december
1)Find median n mode of the given data
2)Two types of validity
3)Do you think in qualitative research question deductive approach and
positivism approach is imp? Why or Why not?
4)Analyze the diagram which term is used for this type of diagram 3
IV(independent variable), DV(dependent variable)

methods/forum/topics/sta730-all-current-mid-term-papers-fall-2016-and-past-mid-
term-pa#Hw3hu05G4hhWA15m.99

StA730
My STA730 exam… 22 december
1)Find median n mode of the given data
2)Two types of validity
3)Do you think in qualitative research question deductive approach and
positivism approach is imp? Why or Why not?
4)Analyze the diagram which term is used for this type of diagram 3
IV(independent variable), DV(dependent variable)

methods/forum/topics/sta730-all-current-mid-term-papers-fall-2016-and-past-mid-
term-pa#Hw3hu05G4hhWA15m.99

## Why qualitative researchers use interpretative and quantitative use positivism?

2. Is it necessary to identify theoretical framework in research? Give your
rationale.
3. Define operationally the concept "Student's satisfaction" and provide 2 questions
that will measure this concept?
4. Write "Research question" on the topic of your interest and provide 2 objectives
that will support your research question.
methods/forum/topics/sta730-all-current-mid-term-papers-spring-2016-past-mid-
term-pape#yd0WjI4TvyIh5ikF.99

Positivism
 Positivists prefer quantitative methods such as social surveys, structured questionnaires
and official statistics because these have good reliability and representativeness.
 Positivists see society as shaping the individual and believe that ‘social facts’ shape
individual action.
 The positivist tradition stresses the importance of doing quantitative research such as large
scale surveys in order to get an overview of society as a whole and to uncover social trends,
such as the relationship between educational achievement and social class. This type of
sociology is more interested in trends and patterns rather than individuals.
 Positivists also believe that sociology can and should use the same methods and approaches
to study the social world that “natural” sciences such as biology and physics use to
investigate the physical world. By adopting “scientific” techniques sociologists should be
able, eventually, to uncover the laws that govern societies just as scientists have discovered
the laws that govern the physical world.
 In positivist research, sociologists tend to look for relationships, or ‘correlations’ between
two or more variables. This is known as the comparative method

Interpretivism
 An Interpretivist approach to social research would be much more qualitative, using
methods such as unstructured interviews or participant observation
 Interpretivists, or anti-positivists argue that individuals are not just puppets who react
to external social forces as Positivists believe.
 According to Interpretivists individuals are intricate and complex and different people
experience and understand the same ‘objective reality’ in very different ways and have their
own, often very different, reasons for acting in the world, thus scientific methods are not
appropriate.
 Intepretivist research methods derive from ‘social action theory‘
 Intereptivists actually criticise ‘scientific sociology’ (Positivism) because many of the
statistics it relies on are themselves socially constructed.
 Interpretivists argue that in order to understand human action we need to achieve
‘Verstehen‘, or empathetic understanding – we need to see the world through the eyes of the
actors doing the acting.