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DCH/HSDPA Fairness

Feature Guide
DCH/HSDPA Fairness

DCH/HSDPA Fairness
Version Date Author Reviewer Notes

V1.00 2014/06/20 Wu Zexian Ma Yongchao First edition

V1.10 2015/05/20 Wu Zexian Add initial access rate description

© 2015 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.


ZTE CONFIDENTIAL: This document contains proprietary information of ZTE and is not to be disclosed or used
without the prior written permission of ZTE.
Due to update and improvement of ZTE products and technologies, information in this document is subjected to
change without notice.

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DCH/HSDPA Fairness

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 Feature Attribute ............................................................................................... 4

2 Overview ............................................................................................................ 4
2.1 Feature Introduction ............................................................................................. 4
2.1.1 ZWF23-05-004 DCH/HSDPA Fairness ................................................................ 4
2.2 License Control .................................................................................................... 5
2.3 Correlation With Other Features .......................................................................... 5

3 Technical Description ....................................................................................... 6


3.1 ZWF23-05-004 DCH/HSDPA Fairness ................................................................ 6
3.1.1 Code Fairness Threshold ..................................................................................... 6
3.1.2 Code Adjustment Based on the Code Fairness Threshold ................................... 7

4 Parameters....................................................................................................... 10
4.1 ZWF23-05-004 DCH/HSDPA Fairness ............................................................ 10

5 Related Counters and Alarms ........................................................................ 11


5.1 Related Counters ............................................................................................... 11
5.2 Related Alarms .................................................................................................. 12

6 Engineering Guide .......................................................................................... 12


6.1 Application Scenario .......................................................................................... 12
6.2 Feature Activation Procedure ............................................................................. 13
6.3 Feature Validation Procedure ............................................................................ 16
6.4 Feature Deactivation Procedure......................................................................... 17
6.5 Impact on the Network ....................................................................................... 18

7 Abbreviation .................................................................................................... 18

8 Reference Document....................................................................................... 18

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FIGURES

Figure 3-1 Priority of HSDPA Higher Than That of R99 ...................................................... 7


Figure 3-2 Priority of R99 Higher Than That of HSDPA ...................................................... 7
Figure 6-1 Parameter Configuration Interface 1 .................................................................14
Figure 6-2 Parameter Configuration Interface 2 .................................................................15
Figure 6-3 Parameter Configuration Interface 3 .................................................................16

TABLES

Table 2-1 License Control List ............................................................................................ 5


Table 4-1 Parameters List ..................................................................................................10
Table 5-1 Counter List .......................................................................................................11
Table 6-1 Feature Validation Procedure.............................................................................16
Table 6-2 RNC Parameter List 2 ........................................................................................17

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1 Feature Attribute
RNC version: [ZXWR RNC V3.13.10.15/ZXUR 9000 V4.13.10.15]

Node B version: [ZXSDR V4.13.10.20]

Attribute: [Optional]

Involved NEs:
NE Name Related or Not Special Requirement

UE - None

Node B - None

RNC √ None

MSC - None

MGW - None

SGSN - None

GGSN - None

HLR - None
“√”: involved
“-”: not involved

2 Overview

2.1 Feature Introduction

2.1.1 ZWF23-05-004 DCH/HSDPA Fairness

In a cell shared by R99 and HSDPA users, to prevent the service experience of HSDPA
users from being worse than that of R99 users because more cell resources are used by
R99 users, the RAN regularly detects the total downlink channelization codes used by
R99 and HSDPA users, and dynamically adjusts the codes allocated between them. If
the number of downlink channelization codes used by HSDPA users is above the safe
threshold, the RAN reduces the downlink bit rate of R99 users, and forbids the downlink

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bit rate of online R99 users from being increased. Otherwise, R99 users have priority
rights to use downlink channelization codes, the codes that are not used by R99 users
are allocated to HSDPA users.

2.2 License Control

Table 2-1 License Control List

License
Configured
Feature ID Feature Name Control Unit
NE
Item
DCH/HSDPA DCH/HSDPA
ZWF23-05-004 RNC RNC
Fairness Fairness

2.3 Correlation With Other Features

1. Required Features

ZWF23-04-006 Code Allocation for HSDPA

2. Mutually Exclusive Features

None

3. Affected Features

None

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3 Technical Description

3.1 ZWF23-05-004 DCH/HSDPA Fairness

The feature is controlled by the RNC-level switch UHspa.RncHsR99CdPriInd and


cell-level switch UCHspa.HsVsR99CdPriInd, and enabled only when the two switches
are turned on.

The basic principle for the feature is as follows.

The RNC first obtains the HSDPA code fairness threshold for a cell, and then compares
the number of codes used by the HSDPA service with the threshold. Finally, the RNC
adjusts HS-PDSCH codes or decreases the rate of the R99 service based on the
comparison.

3.1.1 Code Fairness Threshold

The formula for the code fairness threshold is provided as follows:

Code Fairness Threshold = max {Minimum Number of Codes for HS-PDSCH, min
{UCHspa.NumofHspdsch, Maximum Number of Codes for HS-PDSCH}}.

For more information about Minimum Number of Codes for HS-PDSCH and Maximum
Number of Codes for HS-PDSCH, refer to the ZTE UMTS HSDPA Introduction Feature
Guide and ZTE UMTS Code Sharing Between Cells Feature Guide.

The code fairness threshold indicates the number of codes that can be first used by the
HSDPA service. If the current number of codes used for HS-PDSCH is less than or equal
to the code fairness threshold, the priority of the HSDPA service is set to be higher than
that of the R99 service, and more codes can be allocated to the HSDPA service by
reducing the rate of the R99 service, see Figure 3-1. If the number of codes used by the
online HSDPA service is more than the code fairness threshold, the priority of the R99
service is set to be higher than that of the HSDPA service, and the number of codes for
HS-PDSCH will be reduced first during the periodic adjustment of codes, see Figure 3-2.

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Figure 3-1 Priority of HSDPA Higher Than That of R99

SF=8

SF=16

Threshold
for code
fairness Code used for HSDPA

Code used for R99

Figure 3-2 Priority of R99 Higher Than That of HSDPA

SF=8

SF=16

Threshold
for code
fairness
Code used for R99
Code used for HSDPA

3.1.2 Code Adjustment Based on the Code Fairness Threshold

The policy related to the code fairness threshold used during periodic adjustment of
HS-PDSCH code resources is provided as follows. For more information about the
periodic adjustment of HS-PDSCH code resources, refer to the ZTE UMTS HSDPA
Introduction Feature Guide.

1. UCHspa.HsNBAssInd is set to Not Supported, which means the RNC allocates


codes for HS-PDSCH.

i. When the codes that should be reserved for the HSDPA service are used by
the R99 service, namely the SF16 codes numbered from (16 - Code Fairness

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Threshold) to 15 are used or blocked by the R99 service, the rate of the R99
service will be reduced to release some code resources, which are allocated to
the HSDPA service.

ii. When the number of idle SF512 codes is less than the threshold (indicated by
UCHspa.CodeUptHyA), this means the code resources for new user access is
not enough, and some code resources used should be released in advance to
guarantee new user access. The procedure is as follows:

If the HSDPA service exists in the cell, and the current number of codes for
HS-PDSCH is less than or equal to the code fairness threshold, the rate of the
R99 service will be decreased. If the rate is decreased successfully, the
number of codes for HS-PDSCH does not need to be reduced. If the rate fails
to be decreased, the number of codes for HS-PDSCH needs to be reduced by
one.
If the condition "the HSDPA service exists in the cell and the current number of
codes for HS-PDSCH is less than or equal to the code fairness threshold" is not
met, the number of codes for HS-PDSCH is directly reduced by one. If the
number of codes for HS-PDSCH is the minimum number, it will not be reduced.

2. UCHspa.HsNBAssInd is set to Supported, which means the Node B allocates


codes for HS-PDSCH.

If the HSDPA service exists in the cell, and the current number of codes for
HS-PDSCH is less than or equal to the code fairness threshold, the rate of the R99
service will be decreased.

The policy related to the code fairness threshold used when the rate of the R99 service
needs to be increased, or a UE uses a DCH after switching from CELL_FACH to
CELL_DCH is provided as follows:

1. UCHspa.HsNBAssInd is set to Not Supported, which means the RNC allocates


codes for HS-PDSCH.

If one of the following two conditions is satisfied, the rate of the R99 service cannot
be increased, the UE that uses the DCH after switching from CELL_FACH to

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CELL_DCH is not allowed to increase the service rate, and the rate of the R99
service will be reduced.

i. The HSDPA service exists in the cell, and the current number of codes for
HS-PDSCH is less than the code fairness threshold.

ii. The number of idle SF512 codes is less than the threshold (indicated by
UCHspa.CodeUptHyA), the HSDPA service exists in the cell, and the current
number of codes for HS-PDSCH is equal to the code fairness threshold.

If the rate of the R99 service cannot be decreased, and the number of codes for
HS-PDSCH is more than the minimum number of codes for HS-PDSCH, the
number of codes for HS-PDSCH shall be reduced by one.

2. UCHspa.HsNBAssInd is set to Supported, it means the Node B allocates codes for


HS-PDSCH.

If the HSDPA service exists in the cell, and the number of codes for HS-PDSCH
currently is less than the code fairness threshold, the rate of the R99 service cannot
be increased, the UE that uses the DCH after switching from CELL_FACH to
CELL_DCH is not allowed to increase the service rate, and the rate of the R99
service will be reduced.

Note:

 When code for HSDPA is limited, if new R99 PS service is beared on DCH
channel, the access rate is DRBC minimum rate for DCH described in ZTE
UMTS Dynamic Radio Bearer Control Feature Guide.

 The rate of the R99 service is only decreased by one level at a time.

 The principles for selecting UEs whose rates are to be reduced are the same
as those for congestion control. For more information, refer to the ZTE UMTS
Congestion Control Feature Guide.

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4 Parameters

4.1 ZWF23-05-004 DCH/HSDPA Fairness

Table 4-1 Parameters List

Parameter GUI Name Parameter Description Value Unit Default Recom


Name Range Value mende
d
Value

0: Not
This parameter indicates
RNC HSDPA Supporte
UHspa.rnc whether RNC would judge 0: Not 1:
Vs R99 Code d
HsR99CdP the priority of HSDPA and N/A Support Support
Priority 1:
riInd R99 PS services in code ed ed
Indicator Supporte
resource allocation.
d

0: Not
This parameter indicates
HSDPA Vs Supporte
UCHspa.h whether to judge the 0: Not 1:
R99 Code d
sVsR99Cd priority of HSDPA and R99 N/A Support Support
Priority 1:
PriInd PS services in code ed ed
Indicator Supporte
resource allocation.
d

When the HS-PDSCH


number is smaller than the
parameter, the HS-PDSCH
number can be adjusted to
the parameter value
directly if the criteria to
increase the HS-PDSCH
UCHspa.n
Number of number are satisfied. 1..15,
umofHspds N/A 5 5
HS-PDSCH Minimum Number of step 1
ch
HS-PDSCH ≤ Number of
HS-PDSCH ≤ Maximum
Number of HS-PDSCH.
If HsVsR99CdPriInd is set
to "Supported" and the
number of HS-PDSCH
code used is smaller than

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Parameter GUI Name Parameter Description Value Unit Default Recom


Name Range Value mende
d
Value
the threshold for code
fairness (NumofHspdsch
related), HSDPA service is
given the priority to use the
code resource compared
with R99 service.

This parameter is used in


the procedure of adjusting
SF512 the number of the
UCHspa.c Number to HS-PDSCHs based on
0..512,
odeUptHy Decrease code occupation ratio to N/A 16 16
step 1
A HS-PDSCH judge whether the criteria
Number of decreasing the
HS-PDSCH number is
satisfied.

0: Not
HS-PDSCH
This parameter indicates Supporte
Code NodeB 0: Not 0: Not
UCHspa.h whether the HS-PDSCHs' d
Assignment N/A Support Support
sNBAssInd codes of a cell are 1:
Support ed ed
allocated by NodeB. Supporte
Indicator
d

5 Related Counters and Alarms

5.1 Related Counters

Table 5-1 Counter List

Counter ID Name

Number of downgraded R99 service caused by HSDPA of


C311775712 Higher Code Priority

300656 PS HSDPA streaming traffic DL Throughput(MAC)

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300657 PS HSDPA Interactive traffic DL Throughput(MAC)

300658 PS HSDPA Background traffic DL Throughput(MAC)

300589 PS R99 UL Throughput(MAC)

300620 PS R99 DL Throughput(MAC)

C310434424 Sum of HS-PDSCH code nodes

C310434425 Statistics times of HS code node

C310434426 Current number of HS-PDSCH code nodes used

C310434427 Max number of HS-PDSCH code nodes used

C310436501 Statistics times of Min number of HS-PDSCH code nodes used

C310436502 Min number of HS-PDSCH code nodes used

C310435946 Current occupation ratio of HSDPA code resource

C310434433 Maximum occupation ratio of HSDPA code resource

Statistics times of Minimum occupation ratio of HSDPA code


C310436505 resource

C310436506 Minimum occupation ratio of HSDPA code resource

5.2 Related Alarms

None.

6 Engineering Guide

6.1 Application Scenario

This feature can improve the HSDPA throughput and HSDPA user experience.

If the code resources reserved for the HSDPA service are used by the R99 service
because too many R99 PS UEs are online in the cell, the feature should be enabled to
improve HSDPA user experience.

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If the code resources reserved for the HSDPA service are used by the R99 service that
migrates back from HSDPA because of HSDPA limitation in admission, the feature
should be enabled to improve HSDPA user experience.

If the operator requires that HSDPA user experience is good or finds that the HSDPA
throughput is low, the feature can be enabled to increase the throughput for the HSDPA
service.

When this feature is activated, the right code fairness threshold should be configured
according to the actual service distribution in the network to improve HSDPA user
experience.

6.2 Feature Activation Procedure

This procedure describes how to locate the parameters related to this feature in the GUI.
The parameter values on the screenshots in the procedure are for reference only. Refer
to Chapter 4 for the recommended values of the related parameters.

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Service Configuration > Hspa Configuration, and
set RNC HSDPA Vs R99 Code priority Indicator, see the following figure.

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Figure 6-1 Parameter Configuration Interface 1

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > UTRAN Cell > Hspa Configuration In A Cell, and
set Number of HS-PDSCH in the current cell, see the following figure.

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Figure 6-2 Parameter Configuration Interface 2

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > UTRAN Cell > Hspa Configuration In A Cell, and
set HDPA Vs R99 Code Priority Indicator, SF512 Number to Decrease HS-PDSCH
Number HS-PDSCH Code, and NodeB Assignment Support Indicator in the current
cell, see the following figure.

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Figure 6-3 Parameter Configuration Interface 3

6.3 Feature Validation Procedure

Table 6-1 Feature Validation Procedure

Test Item DCH/HSDPA Fairness

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Test Item DCH/HSDPA Fairness


1. The WCDMA system is ready.

2. Cell1 supports HSUPA, HSDPA and DCH.

3. DCH/HSDPA Fairness feature is enabled.

Prerequisit 4. Configure Number of HS-PDSCH as 14.


e 5. R99 UE1 subscribes Interactive/background class camps on cell1 in idle

mode, MBR>= UL384kbps/ DL384kbps.

6. R5 or above UE2 and UE3 subscribe Interactive/background class camp on


cell1 in idle mode, MBR>=UL384kbps/ DL8Mbps.

1. UE1 makes a PS call in Cell1 and starts FTP download. Maintain the PS

call.

Steps 2. UE2 and UE3 make a PS call in Cell1 and start FTP download. Maintain the

PS call.

3. Release all the PS calls.

1. In step1, the DL rate of UE1 upgrades to a maximum of 384kbps step by

Expected step.
Result 2. In step2, the DL rate of UE1 downgrades to a lower rate step by step.

3. In step2, the code will dynamically adjust allocated from R99 to HSDPA.

6.4 Feature Deactivation Procedure

Table 6-2 RNC Parameter List 2

Managed Object. Default Deactivation


GUI Name
logic name Value Value

UCHspa.hsVsR99CdP HSDPA Vs R99 Code Priority


0 0
riInd Indicator

UHspa.rncHsR99CdPr RNC HSDPA Vs R99 Code


0 0
iInd Priority Indicator

For the description and configuration of the above parameters, refer to Section 6.2.

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6.5 Impact on the Network

1. Impact on Equipment Performance

None.

2. Impact on Network KPIs

Advantages of this feature:

1) The HSDPA user experience and HSDPA throughput can be improved by


reducing the R99 service rate to release code resources.

Disadvantages of this feature:

1) The R99 service rate may be reduced, so the R99 service throughput will be
reduced and R99 user experience will be affected. However, the code fairness
threshold can be configured flexibly by the operator, so the influence can be
controlled within an acceptable range.

7 Abbreviation
Abbreviation Full Name

HSDPA High Speed Downlink Packet Access

DCH Dedicated Channel

R99 Release 1999

KPI Key Performance Indicator

8 Reference Document
[1]ZXUR 9000 UMTS(V4.13.10.15)Radio Network Controller Radio Parameter
Reference

[2]ZXWR RNC(V3.13.10.15)Radio Network Controller Radio Parameter Reference

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[3]ZXUR 9000 UMTS(V4.13.10.15)Radio Network Controller Performance Counter


Reference

[4]ZXWR RNC(V3.13.10.15)Radio Network Controller Performance Counter Reference

[5] ZTE UMTS Code Sharing between Cells Feature Guide

[6] ZTE UMTS HSDPA Introduction Feature Guide

[7] ZTE UMTS Congestion Control Feature Guide

[8]ZTE UMTS Code Sharing between Cells Feature Guide

[9]ZTE UMTS Dynamic Radio Bearer Control Feature Guide

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