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Industrial Management International Development Corp.

(INIMACO) vs NLRC

FACTS:

Private respondents filed a complaint with the Department of Labor and Employment against Filipinas Carbon Mining
Corporation, Gerardo Sicat, Antonio Gonzales, Chin Chin Gin, Lo Kuan Chin, and petitioner Industrial Management
Development Corporation (INIMACO), for payment of separation pay and unpaid wages.

The decision of the Labor Arbiter held that respondents Filipinas Carbon and Mining Corp., Gerardo Sicat, Antonio
Gonzales/INIMACO, Chiu Chin Gin and Lo Kuan Chin to pay complainants Enrique Sulit, Esmeraldo Pegarido, Roberto
Nemenzo and Dario Go to be deposited with the Commissionwithin 10 days from receipt of the Decision. All other claims
were dismissed.

Since no appeal was filed within the reglementary period, the Decision of the Labor Arbiter became final and executor. The
Labor Arbiter then issued a writ of execution but was returned unsatisfied. The Labor Arbiter then issued an Alias Writ of
Execution commanding the complainants to proceed to the premises of respondents to collect and turn over the ordered
amount. Should a failure to collect the said amount in cash be encountered, they were authorized to cause the satisfaction
of the same on the movable or immovable property(s) of respondent not exempt from execution.

Petitioner then filed a Motion to Quash Alias Writ of Execution and set aside the Decision alleging that the alias writ of
execution altered and changed the decision by changing the liability of therein respondents from joint to solidary. The motion
was denied by the lAbor Arbiter.

The petitioner then filed and appeal and the NLRC dismissed the appeal holding that the Writ of Execution be given due
course in all respects.

A Motion to Compel Sheriff to Accept Payment representing one sixth pro rate share of petitioner as full and final satisfaction
of judgment. The private respondents opposed the motion and the Labor Arbiter denied the motion ruling that the amount
offered by INIMACO is to be accepted by the Sheriff as partial satisfaction of the judgment and to proceed with the
enforcement of the Alias Writ of Execution.

An appeal was again filed to the NLRC which was consequently denied ruling that INIMACO would reopen the issue which
was already resolved against it thus, not keeping with the established rules of practice and procedure to allow the attempt
of INIMACO to delay final disposition of the case.

ISSUE:

Whether or not petitioner’s liability is solidary or not.

HELD:

The court held, NO. INIMACO’s liability is not solidary but merely joint and that the respondent NLRC acted with grave abuse
of discretion in upholding the Alias Writ of Execution.

A solidary or joint and several obligation is one in which each debtor is liable for the entire obligation, and each creditor is
entitled to demand the whole obligation. In a joint obligation each obligor answers only for a part of the whole liability and
to each obligee belongs only a part of the correlative rights.

Well-entrenched is the rule that solidary obligation cannot lightly be inferred. There is a solidary liability only when the
obligation expressly so states, when the law so provides or when the nature of the obligation so requires.