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AS 4100—1998 40

4.6 MEMBER BUCKLING ANALYSIS


4.6.1 General The elastic buckling load of a member (Nom) for the particular conditions of end
restraint provided by the surrounding frame shall be determined in accordance with Clause 4.6.2.
The member buckling load (Nomb) is used in the determination of the moment amplification factor for
a braced member (db) in Clause 4.4.2.2, and the member buckling load (Noms) in the determination of
the elastic buckling load factor (lms) in Clause 4.7.2.2 which is used in the determination of the
moment amplification factor for a sway member (ds) in Clause 4.4.2.3.
4.6.2 Member elastic buckling load The elastic buckling load of a member (Nom) shall be
determined as follows:

N om + p EI2
2
(k el)
where ke is the member effective length factor, determined in accordance with Clause 4.6.3 and l is
the member length from centre to centre of its intersections with supporting members.
4.6.3 Member effective length factor
4.6.3.1 General The value of the member effective length factor (ke) depends on the rotational
restraints and the translational restraints at the ends of the member. In Figure 4.6.3.3(a) for a braced
member, the translational restraint has been assumed to be infinite. In Figure 4.6.3.3(b) for a sway
member, the translational restraint has been assumed to be zero.
The value of the member effective length factor (ke) shall be determined in accordance with the
following:
(a) Clause 4.6.3.2 for members with idealized end restraints.
(b) Clause 4.6.3.3 or Appendix G for braced members in frames.
(c) Clause 4.6.3.3 for sway members in rectangular frames with regular loading and negligible
axial forces in the beams.
(d) Clause 4.6.3.5 for members in triangulated structures.
4.6.3.2 Members with idealized end restraints Values of the member effective length factor (ke)
which shall be used for some idealized conditions of end restraint for members are given in
Figure 4.6.3.2.

Braced member Sway member


Accessed by SWINBURNE UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY on 22 Jun 2004

Buckled
shape

Effective length 0.7 0.85 1.0 1.2 2.2 2.2


factor (ke)

= Rotation fixed, translation fixed = Rotation fixed, translation fixed


Symbols for
end restraint
conditions
= Rotation free, translation fixed = Rotation free, translation fixed

FIGURE 4.6.3.2 EFFECTIVE LENGTH FACTORS FOR MEMBERS FOR


IDEALIZED CONDITIONS OF END RESTRAINT

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41 AS 4100—1998

4.6.3.3 Members in frames For a compression member which forms part of a rigid-jointed frame,
the member effective length factor (ke) shall be obtained from Figure 4.6.3.3(a) for a braced member
and from Figure 4.6.3.3(b) for a sway member. In these figures, g1 and g2 are the ratios of the
compression member stiffness to the end restraint stiffnesses. The g-values shall be determined in
accordance with Clause 4.6.3.4 or Appendix G, as appropriate.
Accessed by SWINBURNE UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY on 22 Jun 2004

FIGURE 4.6.3.3 (in part) EFFECTIVE LENGTH FACTORS

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