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Presentation to CIGRE Next

Generation Network

Visit of Seine substation

Projet Seine
30 août 2012
Contents

0. Presentation of RTE

1. Power supply of « Ile-de-France » and Paris

2. 225 kV Paris substations - Civil Works characteristics

3. Seine substation : The Gas Insulated Substation

4. Introduction to underground lines design

2 Seine / 30 août 2012


0. Presentation of RTE

3 Seine / 30 août 2012


4 Seine / 30 août 2012
5 Seine / 30 août 2012
KEY FIGURES ABOUT RTE

TRANSMISSION LINES

about 100 000 km of circuits

46 cross-border lines

CIRCUIT LENGTH IN
OPERATION (km)
400 kV 21 093
225 kV 26 322
150, 90, 63 et 45 52 759
kV

400 kV Network

6
7 Seine / 30 août 2012
REVENUE SOURCES 2010

/
COST STRUCTURE 2010

/
A REGIONAL COMPANY

7 regional systems covering France


Normandy-Paris, North-East, East,
West, South-West, South-East,
Rhône-Alpes Auvergne
Power System units
Regional network dispatching
Regional network development
Electricity Transmission units
Network operation and maintenance
Network development engineering

/
1. Power supply of « Ile-de-France » and Paris

11 Seine / 30 août 2012


Part of the French
400 kV network

12 Seine / 30 août 2012


Ile-de-France power supply : a specific case in France

A 400 kV loop –
diameter of 60 km
A 225 kV loop –
diameter of 15 km

13 Seine / 30 août 2012


225 kV cable

225/20 kV substations

A 225 kV radial cable feeds up to 3 substations 225/20 kV,


forming 3 crowns

14 Seine / 30 août 2012


36 substations (225/20 kV) feed the 20 kV underground network

15 Seine / 30 août 2012


225 kV
cables

100 MVA
20 kV

220/20 kV substation with 1x100 MVA transformer

16 Seine / 30 août 2012


225 kV
cables

70 MVA

20 kV

70 MVA

220/20 kV substation with 2x70 MVA transformers


partially guaranteed

17 Seine / 30 août 2012


Artère 1

Artère 2

Artère 3

Artère 4
Two 220/20 kV substations are connected by 4 MV arteries
Each artery has 6 MV cables in //

18 Seine / 30 août 2012


220/20 kV substations 20 kV arteries

Normal scheme of operation

19 Seine / 30 août 2012


Re feeding arteries after a loss of a 220/20 kV substation

20 Seine / 30 août 2012


Re feeding arteries after a loss of a 220/20 kV substation

21 Seine / 30 août 2012


On going evolutions to secure the
220/20 kV substations
22 Seine / 30 août 2012
2. 225 kV Paris substations
Civil Works characteristics

23 Seine / 30 août 2012


Example of three 225kV Substations

24 Seine / 30 août 2012


Gambetta 225kV Urban Substation

25 Seine / 30 août 2012


La Muette 225kV Urban Substation

26 Seine / 30 août 2012


Seine 225kV Building Substation

27 Seine / 30 août 2012


Urban substation: key concerns
1. Fire protection:
•Objective: limit the effect of a fire in the substation
building (explosion of power transformer) to protect the
neighborhood
•Mitigation technique: use of very specific fire
protection devices (on-site water tank,
temperature/pressure sensors, fire-resistant walls…)

2. Noice cancellation:
•Objective: limit the sound emitted by the
substation (cooling of power transformer) that
troubles neighbours
•Mitigation technique: use of sound trap and anti-
vibration plots

3. ElectroMagnetic Field:
•Objective: do not exceed the legal limit of 100 µT (High current circulating in the
MV cables) outside the building
•Mitigation technique: move away those cables in the layout, use of
reduced EMF laying

28 Seine / 30 août 2012


Usual urban substation layout
longitudinal section

Oil tank

Oil Radiator

Power transformer

Ground level

Fire protection
water water

225kV metal-clad busbars


(SF6 insulated)

Seine / 30 août 2012


Fire protection
1. Detection loop
•Pneumatic circuit (no electrical supply required due
to reliability requirement)
•Quartz bulbs (burst when temperature increases)
•225kV and 20kV breakers tripped off

2. First sprinkling circuit


• Water pushed by CO2 tanks
•3 spray rings
•Water tank of 12 m3
•Sprinkling for 2 min

3. Second sprinkling circuit


• Water pushed by CO2 tanks
•2 spray rings
•Water tank of 20 m3
•Sprinkling for 10 min

Seine / 30 août 2012


Transformer cooling and noise cancellation

Seine / 30 août 2012


Transformer cooling and noise cancellation

Seine / 30 août 2012


Seine 225kV transformer building

33 Seine / 30 août 2012


Seine 225kV transformer building

Ground level

34 Seine / 30 août 2012


3. Seine substation: Gas Insulated Susbstation

35 Seine / 30 août 2012


SEINE substation : a key component of the Nord
of Ile-de-France power supply

 An area of influence on the


225 kV loop surrounding Paris:

• 600 000 inhabitants of Seine Saint Denis


region and Paris (1st, 2nd, 9th et 18th arr.)

• Stade de France
Seine
• SNCF (TGV Nord, North suburbs…) substation

• RATP (1/4 of subways and RER)

 Global cost of the projet : 75 M€

36 Seine / 30 août 2012


The evolution of an area
From an industrial past to an urban environment

L’Ile St-
St-Denis

Villeneuve--
Villeneuve
La--Garenne
La Autoroute
A86
Poste
Seine

Project of ecological river


quarter
Saint--Denis
Saint

To remove Saint--Ouen
Saint Poste Ampère
Project of Cité du Cinéma
à 225 kV
To buld

37 Seine / 30 août 2012


Plan of Seine substation

Transformers

Towers x
GIS Control
Command

Site actuel Projet Cité du Cinéma

38 Seine / 30 août 2012


Seine substation : Gas Insulated Substation

 The Gas Insulated Substation


technology (GIS)
 RTE owns approx. 120 GIS (20 new S/S in the
next 5 years). The first S/Ss built in 1969 are still
in service

 The substation surface area is significantly reduced


(1/10 of the equivalent AIS)

 SEINE was manufactured by SIEMENS Grenoble in


2009/2010
 Equipped with digital SF6 monitoring

39 Seine / 30 août 2012


40 Seine / 30 août 2012
Radial cable : SEINE - CAULAINCOURT - PYRAMIDES

SEINE

Caulaincourt

4 3 1

PYRAMIDES

TR 611 TR 612

Seine / 30 août 2012


Caulincourt

Plessis Tr 632
Plessis Plessis La Gassot 3
Gassot 2 Revest 1 Tr 631 Gassot 4 courneuve

Couplage

St Ouen 2 Plessis
Ampère Revest 2
Gassot 1
Tr 613
Ampère St Ouen 1
Tr 612

42 Seine / 30 août 2012


Feeder bay

Disconnector 1

Circuit breaker

Current transformer

Earthing
switch

Cable box

43 Seine / 30 août 2012


Other types of gas compartments
Busbar earthing
switch

Maintenance
disconnector

Voltage
Voltage
measurement
transformer
Line on 1 phase
disconnector

Double cable box

44 Seine / 30 août 2012


Buffer compartments to increase
availability during maintenance
works and testing

45 Seine / 30 août 2012


Accessibility for the time-based maintenance

Adding of a
catwalk

Mobile
platform

46 Seine / 30 août 2012


Transformers
 The Power Transformers Installation
 2 power transformers :
 Rated Power Sr : 100 MVA / 100 MVA / 65 MVA,

 Rated Voltage Ur : 225/64,5/21 kV - YNd11d11,

 cooling: ODAF.

 2 shunt reactors connected to the LV winding (21 kV) of


the power transformers:
 Réactive power: Q : 64 Mvar; cooling : ONAN,

 Rated Voltage Ur : 21 kV - Y.

 2 neutral grounding transformers connected to the 63 kV


network:
 Rated Power Sr : 500 kVA; cooling : ONAN,

 Rated Voltage Ur : 68,5 / 11 kV - YNd11.

 2 auxiliary transformers connected to the LV winding The only one


(11kV) of the grounding transformers: transformer of that
 Rated Power Sr : 250 kVA; cooling : ONAN
kind in France
 Rated Voltage Ur : 10,5 kV / 400 V YNzn11.

47 Seine / 30 août 2012


Transformers and reactors
 The main alternatives
1. Two standard 100 MVA + 2 x 80 MVAr / 225 kV reactors (standard specification)

2. Two specific 100 MVA with a 65 MVA tertiary + 2 x 64 MVAr / 20 kV reactors

The second solution was 25 % cheaper than the second one

 Main specifications
 Same Short circuit impedance and turn ratio as standard 100 MVA transformers

 Same overload capabilities as standard 100 MVA transformers

 Voltage dip < 3% on the 63 kV network when switching on the 64 MVAr reactor

 specific design
MV
13,0 %
-1%
LV 64
HV 15,1 % MVAr

LV HV MV

48 Seine / 30 août 2012


4. Introduction to underground lines design

49 Seine / 30 août 2012


Underground cable
Outer semi-conductive layers
(sheath test after laying)
Outer and inner semi-
conductive layers (avoid point
effect in the electric field)

Outer sheath
(PE)
Metal screen
(short-circuit
current) Insulation
(XLPE) Core conductor
(current flow)

50 Seine / 30 août 2012


Cable laying
Cables laid in plastic
pipes to reduce
disturbances from the
civil works

Cables laid:
in PEHD pipes in the
ground (on the left)
or in PVC pipes
embedded in concrete
(on the right)

Challenge:
-Fault containment
-Heat dissipation
-Magnetic field

51 Seine / 30 août 2012


Cable design

 When current flows through the core conductor, losses lead to temperature
rise in the cable. The limitation comes from the XLPE insulation which can
withstand a maximum 60°C.

 Losses are due to:


 Joule losses in the core conductor (current flow)
 Dielectric losses in the insulation (not an ideal insulation)
 Joule losses in the metal screen (in case of induced current)

 The underground line rating comes from the capacity of the cable and its
environment to dissipate heat.

 As a result it becomes paramount to take also into consideration the


ground drying out, which affects the ground heat conductivity and can lead
to cable fault.

52 Seine / 30 août 2012


Heat dissipation

Joules losses in the metal screen


Dielectric losses
Joules losses in the core conductor

Heat dissipation through the ground

53 Seine / 30 août 2012


Main factors for thermal design of the cable

 Core conductor size.

 Ground characteristics.

 Current circulation in the metal screen.

 Laying method (distance between cables, laying depth, …).

 Weather conditions.

 Heat sources in the ground.

54 Seine / 30 août 2012


Cable bonding

 When current flows through the core conductor, it induces voltage in the
metal screen. This induced voltage must be controlled in order to protect
people and equipments.

 First solution: direct grounding at both cable ends.

Termination
Core
Sheath

Direct grounding

 Problem: current circulation reduces the cable rating. This solution is


adapted for low rating lines (under 600A).

55 Seine / 30 août 2012


Cable bonding

 Second solution: single point grounding (at one end or middle point).
 Result: no current in the screen but voltage build-up at one cable end.

Surge arresters to protect


Parafoudres
the cable sheath
de gaine

Conducteur de terre isolé


Insulated ground cable

 Problem: voltage limited to 400V in normal operation, thus limited to short


lines (a few kilometres only).

56 Seine / 30 août 2012


Cable bonding

 Third solution: cross-bonding.


 Result: similar to direct grounding, but the screen cross-bonding erases the
current circulation in the metal screen.

Screen-
interruption
Sheath
Core

Surge
arresters
X-bonding
pits

 Problem: more expensive (need for screen interruption joints protected by


surge arresters).

57 Seine / 30 août 2012


Cable bonding

 Third solution: cross-bonding.


 Induced voltage in the metal screens.

A B

L
U

0 L 2L 3L
The maximum length L is defined according to the
voltage withstand by the screen interruption joints.

58 Seine / 30 août 2012


GIS cable terminations

59 Seine / 30 août 2012


GIS cable terminations

60 Seine / 30 août 2012


Underground lines at Seine station
Voltage Section Length
Name Core Screen Supplier Grounding
(kV) (mm²) (km)
Ampère Seine 1 225 1200 Cu Al Silec 0.46 Single side in Seine
Ampère Seine 1 (TR631) 63 1200 Cu Al Silec 0.78 Single side in Seine
Ampère Seine 2 225 630 Al Al Nexans 0.44 Single side in Seine
Ampère Seine 2 (TR632) 63 1200 Cu Al Silec 0.63 Single side in Seine
Plessis Gassot Seine 1 225 1600 Cu Al Prysmian 0.19 Single side in Seine
Plessis Gassot Seine 2 225 1600 Cu Al Prysmian 0.14 Single side in Seine
Plessis Gassot Seine 3 A&B 225 2x1600 Cu Al Prysmian 0.14 Single side in Seine
Plessis Gassot Seine 4 A&B 225 2x1600 Cu Al Prysmian 0.12 Single side in Seine
Revest - Seine 1 & 2 630 / Prysmian 2.36 /
225 Al Al Single side in Seine
(SNCF 2 phases) 400 / Silec 2.33
LS TR631 225 630 Al Al Prysmian 0.12 Single side in Seine
LS TR632 225 630 Al Al Prysmian 0.05 Single side in Seine
1200 /
Caulaincourt - Seine 225 Cu Al Silec 4.55 Direct grounding
1000
Courneuve - Seine 225 1200 Cu Al Silec 7.67 Cross-bonding
UG line between TR631
63 630 Al Al Nexans
and its Neutral Point
UG line between TR632
63 630 Al Al Nexans
and its Neutral Point
Seine
61 – St Ouen 1&2
Seine / 30 août 2012 225 1200 Al Al Nexans 4.63 Middle point grounding

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