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Review Questions for Exam 3

1. Using a table of standard reduction potentials, decide if the following reaction is


spontaneous or non-spontaneous.

Ag2O(s) + Zn(s) + H2O Zn(OH)2 (s) + 2Ag(s)

a. Spontaneous b. Non-Spontaneous

2. The general formula for an ionic Group II metal nitride is:

a. M3N2 b. MN c. M2N3 d. M3N e. MN3

3. Which element has a minimum oxidation state of –3 and a maximum oxidation state
of +5?

a. C b. Si c. Cl d. P e. S

4. What oxidation state is most commonly observed for first series transition metals?

a. +1 b. -2 c. +2 d. +3 e. –1

5. The device that uses electricity to cause a chemical reaction to occur is called a
galvanic cell.

a. True b. False

6. Metallic sodium is prepared by electrolysis of molten NaCl.

a. True b. False

7. What voltage would be delivered by a galvanic cell at standard temperature and


pressure based on the following reaction:

NO3 (aq) + 3V2+(aq) + 4H3O+ NO(g) + 3V3+ + 6H2O

a. 1.215 b. 0.705 c. –1.215V d. –0.705 e. none of the above.

8. What are the two types of batteries? What is the definition of each and give an
example of each. What are some problems associated with each type of battery?

9. What is electrolysis? What reaction occurs at the anode and at the cathode? How
does this process differ from a galvanic cell type?
10. What is the main use of electrolysis? Give some examples.

11. What current is needed to cause 345 mg of Cu, in a 3.5M CuSO4 solution, to be
plated out on an electrode if the duration of the current is 1.75 hours?

12. If I apply a charge of 2.47 Volts to a Fe3+ solution for 2.39 hours how much Fe(s)
could I get plated out?

13. What is corrosion? What are some substances that cause corrosion? What chemical
process occurs during corrosion?

14. Why do some metals corrode, while others do not seem to? What are some ways in
which corrosion can be prevented?

15. If electrical energy is passed through a wire and used in the production of bromine,
how many electrons will be passed in the electrical current if an energy of 2106 watts
is used?

16. List all of the periodic trends. Give the direction of the trend.

17. Give the formula for the following compounds:


a. Potassium Cyanide
b. Nickel Sulfide
c. Calcium Phosphate
d. Sodium Sulfite
e. Aluminum Nitrite

18. For each of the above formulas, give the oxidation state of the Cation and then tell
what the maximum oxidation state of the element would be.

19. Write a chemical equation for the reaction of the following compounds with oxygen.
Then state if the compound would give a basic or acidic solution. Consider each in
there maximum oxidation state.
a. Ca f. Ga
b. C g. Rb
c. Ge h. Al
d. Se i. Cr
e. Sn j. N

20. List several methods for obtaining Hydrogen and what are some of the uses of this
element, past and present.

21. What is the oxidation state of hydrogen if it is bonded to the following elements:
a. C d. Se g. Ca j. B
b. N e. Sr h. Ba k. P
c. S f. Ba i. Si l. I
22. According to the periodic trends, which of the following elements would have the
largest ionic radius:

a. F b. Li c. As d. La e. Ge f. Ca

23. Which of the following would have the most metallic character:

a. F b. In c. As d. La e. Ge f. At

24. Describe the Lanthanide contraction and give an example.

25. What is magnetism and what causes some metals to behave in this manor.

These questions are only here to provide help when reviewing for the exam. I did not
include any questions about the production or uses of elements because that is just pure
memorization. I suggest that you go through the different groups on the periodic table
and know the characteristics about the groups and any of their properties, including how
the elements are used. That will be on the exam. Good Luck with your studying.