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ADAMSON UNIVERSITY

COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

EXPERIMENT NO. 7: KIRCHOFF’S LAWS WITH TWO


SOURCES

DATE PERFORMED: FEBRUARY 26, 2016

DATE SUBMITTED: MARCH 04, 2016

SCHEDULE: FRIDAY (10:30-13:30)

GROUP NO. : 4

GUIBELONDO, HEINZ HAYLE M.


SET UP and PROCEDURE

1. Insert the Module E02 in the console and set the main switch to ON;
2. Connect a multimeter, set out as dc voltmeters, Fig. 4.2a:
3. Adjust varaiable voltage +10 on the left side and -10 on the right side by
turning the potentiometers +/- V on the console and write down the values in
Tab. 4.2
4. Connect the circuit as in Fig.4.2.b and write down in Tab.4.2 the voltage
drops in the resistors R1, R2 and R3.
5. Calculate the voltage drop on the resistor R3 and write down the value in
Tab.4.2
6. Compare the measured value with the calculated one;
7. Comment on the results
8. Connect the circuit as Fig.4.2c with the multimeter set as milliammeters
9. Write down Tab.4.3 the values read in milliammeters
10.Calculate the current flowing through R3 and write down the value in
Tab.4.3
11.Comment on the results
12.Repeat the procedure from step 4 to 11 and complete the Tab.4.2 and 4.3,
after inserting the modification switch M8.
13.Repeat the procedure from step 4 to 11 and complete the Tab.4.2 and 4.3,
after inserting the modification switch M9.
14.Repeat the procedure from step 4 to 11 and complete the Tab.4.2 and 4.3,
after inserting the FAULT F8 by the switch or pressing the Fault button.
15.Repeat the procedure from step 4 to 11 and complete the Tab.4.2 and 4.3,
after inserting the FAULT F9 by the switch or pressing the Fault button.
16.Remove all connections.
DATA AND RESULTS

Table 4.2

Ue1(+V) Ue2(-V) UR1 UR2 UR3 UR3


[V] [V] [V] [V] [V] [V]

Measured Value Calculated Value

10 - 10 3.96 16.08 6.06

Table 4.3

Measured Value Calculated Value

I1 I2 I3

[mA] [mA] [mA]

5.32 4.51
COMPUTATIONS

@ VOLTAGE RULE:

10V - R1I1 + I3R3 = 0


10V + I3 R3
I1 =
R1

-10V = R2I2 + I3R3 = 0


−10V + I3 R3
I2 =
R2

@ CURRENT RULE

Node 1:

I1 + I2 = I3
10V + I3 R3 −10V + I3 R3
I3 = +
R1 R2

10VR2 + I3R3R2 − 10R1 + I3R3R1


I3 =
R1R2

R1 I3R2 = 10VR2 + I3R3R2 - 10VR1 + I3R3R1

I3(R1 R2 ) - I3(R3 R2 ) - I3(R3 R1 ) = 10VR2 - 10VR1


10VR2 − 10VR1
I3=
R1R2 − R3R2 − R3R1

10(3587)−10(747)
I3 =
(747)(3582)−(3582)(2450)−(747)(7450)

I3 = - 0.959 mA

UR3 = [(5.82 - 4.51) x 10-3] A (7450)

UR3= 6.035V
ANALYSIS

Upon performing the experiment, we used the Kirchoff’s Voltage Law to get
the current at any branch in the circuit. We gathered the data and the results are
inputted in Tables 4.2 and 4.3 after we’ve done doing the procedure. We computed
the value of I3 of R3 by means of Kirchoff’s Voltage and Current Law and
obtaining results that has small discrepancy upon the measured and calculated
values.

CONCLUSION

I therefore conclude that, when solving a problem involving two sources,


much better to apply Kirchoff’s Voltage and Current Law in order to obtain the
values that are needed. In KCL, The sum of all currents that enter an electrical
circuit junction is 0. When the currents enter the junction has positive sign while
current that leaves the junction will have a negative sign. And the Kirchhoff's
second law which is KVL is the sum of all voltages or potential differences in an
electrical circuit loop is 0.

RECOMMENDATION

Upon performing the experiment, make sure that all the equipments are
working and tested before operating it to avoid getting errors when gathering the
data.