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EEET2263 – Tutorial #1, Single Phase AC Networks

1. Use phasors to calculate the sum of the two voltages v1 (t ) = 100 cos(ωt ) and v 2 (t ) = 50 sin (ωt ) .
Draw a phasor diagram for your calculation, and express the result in both phasor form and in
time varying form vt (t ) = Vt cos(ωt + θ ) .

(
Ans: V1 = 70.7∠00 , V2 = 35.4∠ − 90 0 , Vt = 79.1∠ − 26.6 0 , vt (t ) = 111.8 cos ωt − 26.6 0 )
2. Use phasors to calculate the sum of the two voltages v1 (t ) = 100 cos(ωt + 45 o ) and
v 2 (t ) = 150 sin (ωt + 60 o ) . Draw a phasor diagram for your calculation, and express the result in
both phasor form and in time varying form vt (t ) = Vt cos(ωt + θ ) .

Ans: V1 = 70.7∠45 0 , V2 = 106∠ − 30 0 , Vt = 142∠ − 1.2 0 , vt (t ) = 200 cos(ωt − 1.2 0 )


3. Calculate the complex impedance of the following series
connected circuit elements connected to a 240V 50 Hz L
supply. For each network, calculate the current, real and
reactive power and power factor seen by the source. V R
(i) R = 50 Ω, L = 100 mH, C = 50 μf C
(ii) R = 50 Ω, L = 200 mH, C = 100 μf
Ans: (i) Z = 59.5∠ − 32.8 0 Ω , I = 4.03A, P = 813W, Q = -525 Var, pf = 0.841 lead
(ii) Z = 58.8∠31.8 0 Ω , I = 4.08A, P = 832W, Q = 516Var, pf = 0.85 lag
4. Calculate the complex impedance of the following shunt
connected circuit elements connected to a 240V 50 Hz
supply. For each network, calculate the current, real and
reactive power and and power factor seen by the source. R
V L
C
(i) R = 100 Ω, L = 150 mH, C = 40 μf
(ii) R = 100 Ω, L = 250 mH, C = 120 μf
Ans: (i) Z = 75.6∠40.9 0 Ω , I = 3.17A, P = 576 W, Q = 498 VAr, pf = 0.756 lag
(ii) Z = 37.2∠ − 68.2 0 Ω , I = 6.45A, P = 576 W, Q = -1438 Var, pf = 0.37 lead
5. Calculate the source current,
real and reactive power and
power factor seen by the 100μ f
source for the RLC circuit
150sin(2π 50t+30 ) 0
100Ω 150 mH
shown.
Ans: Z = 19.38∠20.30 Ω , I =
5.47A, P = 544.4 W, Q =
201.6 VAr, pf = 0.938 lag
6. Two loads are connected in parallel across a 250V rms ac supply. Load A consumes 10 kW at a
power factor of 0.9 lagging. Load B consumes a power of 15 KVA at a power factor of 0.8
lagging.
Find the real, reactive and apparent power delivered by the source. What is the power factor
seen by the source?
Ans: P = 22 kW, Q = 13.84 kVAr, S = 26 kVA, pf = 0.85 lag
7. For question 6 determine the shunt capacitance required to achieve a lagging power factor of
0.9, unity power factor and a leading power factor of 0.85.
Ans: 162μf, 705μf, 1295μf
Questions from Wildi
7-6 The current in a single-phase motor lags 500 behind the voltage. What is the power factor of
the motor (0.643 lag)?
7-7 A large motor absorbs 600 kW at a power factor of 90%. Calculate the apparent power and
the reactive power absorbed by the machine (S = 666.7 kVA, Q = 291 kVAr).
7-13 A single-phase motor draws a current of 16A from a 240V, 60 Hz line. A wattmeter
connected into the line gives a reading of 2765W. Calculate the power factor of the load and
the reactive power it absorbs ( pf = 0.72 lag, Q = 2665 Var).
7-19 A motor having a power factor of 0.8 lagging absorbs an active power of 1200W, Calculate
the reactive power drawn from the line (900 Var).
7-20 In Problem 7-13, if we place a capacitor of 500 var in parallel with the motor, calculate:
a. The total active power absorbed by the system (2765W)
b. The apparent power of the system (3512VA)
c. The power factor of the system (0.787 lag)
7-24 A single phase capacitor has a rating of 30 kvar, 480V, 60 Hz. Calculate its capacitance in
microfarads (345 μf)
7-25 In problem 7-24, calculate:
a. The peak voltage across the capacitor when it is connected to a 460V source (650.5V)
b. The resulting energy stored in the capacitor at that instant in joules (73 J).
7-26 A 12.5 kV, 60 Hz single-phase line connects a substation to an industrial load. The line has a
resistance of 2.4 Ω, and a reactance of 12 Ω. The metering equipment at the substation
indicates that the line voltage is 12 kV, and that the line is drawing 3 MW of active power and
3 Mvar of reactive power. Calculate:
a. the current flowing in the line (353.6 A)
b. The active and reactive power consumed by the line (300 kW, 1.5 MVAr)
c. The active, reactive and apparent power absorbed by the load (2.7 MW, 1.5 MVAr,
3.09 MVA)
d. The voltage across the load (8.74 kV).
7-27 A 2 hp (1hp = 746W), 230V, 1725 rpm, 60 Hz, single phase washdown duty motor
manufactured by Baldor Electric Company, has the following characteristics:
Full Load current: 11.6A
Efficiency: 75.5%
Power factor: 74%
Weight: 80 lb
a. Calculate the active and reactive power absorbed by the machine when it operates at
full load (1976 W, 1796 Var)
b. If a 40 μf capacitor is connected across the motor teminals, calculate the line current
feeding the motor (9.6A)
c. Will the presence of the capacitor affect the temperature of the motor ?