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REVIEW I

ELECTRICAL STEERING SYSTEM IN AUTOMOBILE TO REDUCE


DRIVER FATIGUE

PROJECT BATCH MEMBERS

SL NO NAME REG.NO

1 BHARAT R 16228098
2 CHANAKIYAN A 16228099

3 CHINNACHAMY C 16228100
4 DAMODARAN R 16228101

5
DANIEL CHANDRU A 16228102

6
DEEPAK VISHWA D 16228103
ELECTRICAL STEERING SYSTEM IN AUTOMOBILE TO REDUCE
DRIVER FATIGUE

SYNOPSIS:

In our project having the following operation occurs automatically in


the vehicle. D.C motor turns the wheel left side when the steering rotates in the left
side direction. D.C motor turns the wheel right side when the steering rotates in the
right side direction. In our project lead-acid 12 Volt batteries is used. The lead-acid
batteries output is given to the limit switch. There are two Limit switches are used
in this project. These switch outputs are connected to the steering D.C motor in
Forward and reverse rotation of operation.

The rack and pinion arrangement is used to turn the wheel in left and
right direction. The Rack is connected to the wheel with the help of liver mechanism
and the pinion is coupled to the permanent magnet D.C motor shaft. The Motor is
drawn supply from the battery through limit switch arrangement. When the steering
is turn in the left direction, it pushes the left side limit switches, so that the D.C motor
rotate in forward direction to move the wheel in left side. Similarly When the
steering is turn in the right direction, it pushes the right side limit switches, so that
the D.C motor rotate in reverse direction to move the wheel in right side

ADVANTAGES

 To provide smooth and safety ride.


 To provide mind free ride for the motorist.
INTRODUCTION

Power steering helps drivers steer vehicles by augmenting steering effort of


the steering wheel. Hydraulic or electric actuators add controlled energy to the
steering mechanism, so the driver needs to provide only modest effort regardless of
conditions. Power steering helps considerably when a vehicle is stopped or moving
slowly. Also, power steering provides some feedback of forces acting on the front
wheels to give an ongoing sense of how the wheels are interacting with the road; this
is typically called "road feel". In physical terms we can state that energy is the
capacity of a physical system to do work. When a car comes down a straight line at
300 km/h or more, it possesses lots of kinetic (movement) energy. Due to the fact
that energy does not get lost, but can instead only be converted one form into another,
the only way to slow down the car is to convert the kinetic energy into another form.
Brakes as we know them both in race cars and road cars convert this movement
energy to heat.

Formula One cars must sometimes decelerate in a matter of seconds from 350 km/h
to about 70 km/h. During such heavy braking, the temperature of the brake rotor and
pads can warm up from 400°C to more than 1000°C. These 1000°C occurs at the
very end of the braking, and is approximately the highest temperature a carbon brake
disc (as they are used in F1, and limited to 28mm thickness and 278mm diameter by
the FIA) can take.
WORKING PRINCIPLE

The Ignition Key is fixed in near of the driving persons in the four
wheeler. The air tank contains the compressed air already filled. The switch was
ON at the time of emergency, the solenoid valve was activated. The solenoid
valve stem is open, the compressed air flow from the air tank to the flow control
valve.

The compressed air flow is controlled by the valve is called “FLOW


CONTROL VALVE”. This air flow is already set. Then the compressed air goes
to the pneumatic cylinder. The pneumatic cylinder piston moves forward at the
time of compressed air inlet to the cylinder.

The pneumatic cylinder moves towards the braking arrangement. Then


the braking liver is activated, so that the vehicle stops. Then the pneumatic
cylinder piston moves backward.
ELECTRICAL STEERING SYSTEM IN AUTOMOBILE TO REDUCE

DRIVER FATIGUE