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# Consider the “Wall-of-Death”: Which diagram correctly shows the

## forces on the rider?

Fictitious force: “centrifugal
Centripetal force:
a real force. force” – in the rider’s frame

## L17  F  10/4/14  a*er  lecture   1

Consider the “Wall-of-Death”

## L17  F  10/4/14  a*er  lecture   2

What are the three forces A, B, & C?

A

A)

A - gravity

B - centrifugal force

C - friction

B B)

A – friction

B – normal force of the wall

C – gravity

C)

A - centripetal force

B – normal force of the wall

C – friction

C D)

A – friction

B – centrifugal force

C - gravity

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Assignments

## You should have:

•  Read Ch. 5 of Wolfson and Prof. Dubson’s notes. Begun Ch. 6.

## For next week:

•  Read Ch. 6 of Wolfson and Prof. Dubson’s notes.

•  Do CAPA 6.

•  Do written HW 6 (available on the course web site and D2L) in which you
begin to analyze the Megawoosh video using data supplied by the
Mythbusters in their episode “Waterslide Wipeout”.

## L17  F  10/4/14  a*er  lecture   4

L17  F  10/4/14  a*er  lecture   5
Dynamics: Newton’s Laws of Motion

Applications:

(1)  Sliding Blocks.
(2) Contact Forces.

(3) Suspended Bodies.
(4) Circular Motion.

(5) Friction.

## L17  F  10/4/14  a*er  lecture   6

Object moving in a circle with a constant speed
v = v = constant

v
 1.  Special case of accelerated motion.

a
2.  Acceleration toward the center:

r
 v2
aR = centripetal
acceleration
r
r
4. Apply NII:
3.  Net force toward the center:

mv 2 mv 2
Fnet = = ∑ FR Fnet = maR = centripetal
force
r r
centripetal force = sum of forces in the radial direction

## L17  F  10/4/14  a*er  lecture   7

A ball of mass m is twirled on a string in a vertical circle of radius
r in the presence of gravity with a constant speed v.

Wrote down NII at the top and the bottom of the ball’s orbit:

v Top Top Bottom

T2

T1
+x

a
m
m

a

r

T1
mg mg
+x
T2

v2 v2
 Fnet = ma = m Fnet = ma = m
Bottom v r r
= T1 + mg = T2 − mg

## L17  F  10/4/14  a*er  lecture   8

Hint: CAPA 6, #5:

+y mv 2
= ( Fnet )x = T sin θ
θ
T x : max =
R
+x y : may = 0 = ( Fnet )y = T cosθ − mg
Tsinθ
2
v
a=
R
mg

## L17  F  10/4/14  a*er  lecture   9

Dynamics: Newton’s Laws of Motion

Applications:

(1)  Sliding Blocks.
(2) Contact Forces.

(3) Suspended Bodies.
(4) Circular Motion.

(5) Friction.

## L17  F  10/4/14  a*er  lecture   10

•  Very useful – imagine walking
Friction

without it.

•  Caused by microscopic

roughness.

•  Empirical observation:

Magnitude of the force of friction
f between two surfaces is
proportional to the normal force –
not the area of contact.

f = μN

•  Friction

opposes motion.

•  Static
friction is different than

and usually greater

than

k
inetic (or sliding) friction.

μS > μK

L17  F  10/4/14  a*er  lecture
11
•  Very useful – imagine walking
Friction

without it.

•  Caused by microscopic

roughness.

•  Empirical observation:

Magnitude of the force of friction
f between two surfaces is
proportional to the normal force –
not the area of contact.

f = μN

•  Friction

opposes motion.

•  Static
friction is different than

and usually greater

than

k
inetic (or sliding) friction.

μS > μK

L17  F  10/4/14  a*er  lecture
12
+y
Prof. Mike Nerdly pulls on the
+x
rope and moves toward the right on 
a skateboard as shown. His speed v v
is constant.

The force of friction of the floor on
the wheels ….?
f

A)  Points in the x-direction and is
positive.

B)  Points in the x-direction and is Friction opposes motion.
negative.

C)  Points in the y-direction and is
positive.

D)  Points in the y-direction and is
positivel

L17  F  10/4/14  a*er  lecture   13
+y
Prof. Mike Nerdly pulls on the
+x
rope and moves toward the right on 
a skateboard as shown. His speed v v
is constant.
N

What is the relation between the T

magnitude of the tension T in the f

rope and the magnitude of the
force of friction f of the floor on Fg = mg

the wheels?

A)  T = f
x: 0 = max = T - f

B)  T > f

T = f

C) T < f

## L17  F  10/4/14  a*er  lecture   14

+y
Prof. Mike Nerdly pulls on the
+x
rope and moves toward the right on 
a skateboard as shown. His speed v v
is constant.
N

The floor has a coefficient of T=f

kinetic friction of μK. What is the f

tension T in the rope?

A)  T = mg
Fg = mg

B)  T =-mg

T = f = μK N = μK mg

C) T =μK

D)  T=μK mg

## L17  F  10/4/14  a*er  lecture   15

Example 1. A block of mass m is being pushed across a rough
horizontal table. A constant velocity v is maintained with an
external force Fext. What is μK?

## How many forces are operating here? (Consider both vertical

and horizontal forces.)

(A) 1

(B) 2

(C) 3

(D) 4

## L17  F  10/4/14  a*er  lecture   16

Example 1. A block of mass m is being pushed across a rough
horizontal table. A constant velocity v is maintained with an
external force Fext. What is μK?

y: 0 = may = N − mg → N= mg
Fext
x: 0 = max = Fext − f = Fext − µ K N = Fext − µ K mg → µK =
mg

## L17  F  10/4/14  a*er  lecture   17

An object with mass M is resting on a
fmax = µSN = µSMg rough table whose coefficients of static
and kinetic friction are μS and μK,
M
respectively.

Which of the following is a necessary
condition to start the object in motion?

For motion to begin:
m
mg > μSMg

A) M > m

Weight of mass m
B) M < m

mg
must be greater than
the maximum
C) mg > μK Mg

resistive force applied
D) Mg > μS mg

by static friction.

E) mg > μs Mg

## L17  F  10/4/14  a*er  lecture   18

+y
A car of mass m is moving in the
positive x-direction. The driver
+x slams on the brakes and the tires
skid on the ground. The direction
of the frictional force between the
tires and the road is backwards. Its
magnitude is f = μkN where μk is
the kinetic friction coefficient.

Fnet = ma = -f =-μKmg
The magnitude of the acceleration
a = -μKg
of the car is given by

|a| = μKg
A)  μA

it make sense that the B)  μKmg

Does
acceleration of the skidding car is C)  μKg

indepdent of its mass?
D)  μSmg

E)  μSg

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