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Article (grammar)

An article is a word that comes before anoun. There are two kinds of articles:definite articles and indefinite articles.

In English there is just one definite article: "the". There are two indefinite articles: "a" and "an". The word "an" is used before a word
starting with a vowel sound: we say "a horse", "a child", "a European" (Euro has a "Y" sound), "a university", but "an orange", "an
elephant".

Some languages have more than one word for "the". In some languages, this is because each noun is either masculine or feminine or,
in some languages it can be masculine, feminine or neuter. For example: in French "le" is used for masculine nouns ("le jardin" - "the
garden") and "la" for feminine nouns ("la table" - "the table"). "The" becomes "les" in front of plural nouns. The indefinite articles in
French are "un" (masculine) and "une" (feminine). German, Dutch and Ancient Greek have masculine, feminine and neuter nouns,
but in the case of Dutch the word for "the" is the same for masculine and feminine ("de") so you do not need to know which it is. The
Māori language uses one word for "the" for when the subject or object to which the "the" refers is one in number, and uses another
word for "the" when the subject or object to which the "the" refers numbers more than one.

Some languages (for example: Russian and Japanese) do not have articles. When speakers of these languages are learning English, it
is often difficult to explain to them what an articleis. English speakers use them automatically
.

In general: "the" in English is used for something you have already been talking about. The word "a" is used when introducing a new
idea:

"The tired woman was looking for her cat. Suddenly she saw the cat up a tree". (We are already talking about the cat. The tree is a
new idea).

"The tired woman was walking along when she suddenly sawa cat up a tree". (She had not been thinking about cats until then).

Sometimes we do not need an article, for example when talking about something in general:

"The dogs do not bite" (meaning: dogs that you are thinking about). "Barking dogs do not bite" (barking dogs in general).

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This page was last changed on 21 November 2017, at 22:49.

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