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irections for Seem Paal Recipe (Steamed Colostrum Milk Pudding)

1. To prepare this yummy Seem Paal Recipe (Steamed Colostrum Milk Pudding), add water to the idli steamer

and keep a plate at bottom to separate the bowl and bottom of steamer.

2. Take colostrum milk in a wide bowl that fits inside the steamer.

3. Add sugar and cardamom to the milk and mix well with spoon until the jaggery/sugar dissolves.

4. Place the bowl inside the steamer and steam for 15-20 minutes until the milk becomes firm, like pudding.

5. Switch off and let it remain in steamer for a while.

6. Remove the bowl, run a knife along its edges and invert the Seem Paal Recipe (Steamed Colostrum Milk

Pudding) gently onto a plate. Serve it as a dessert or an after school snack.

How to Preserve Colostrum for Agricultural Livestock

Colostrum is probably the most important thing you will ever feed your newborn calf. Preventing disease or the spread of disease has a

lot to do with the first feeding of colostrum.

Why is Colostrum So Important to Newborn Calves?

Calves are especially vulnerable to common bovine diseases such as scours and invasion from pathogens that are common in a

livestock farm environment. When calves are first born, they must consume high-quality colostrum, or the first mother's milk, which is

extremely high in protein, fat, natural growth hormones, minerals, vitamins, and most importantly, a special kind of antibodies not found

in regular milk or milk replacer. These antibodies are known as IgG, immunoglobulins or globulin protein. Antibody absorption of the

mother's first milk is known as passive transfer immunity because, during the first 24 hours of life, a calf has the ability to absorb these

antibodies directly into the bloodstream without the aid of digestion. After 24 hours, the ability for the calf's body to absorb these

antibodies falls to zero percent. This is known as failure of passive transfer, or FPT. For these reasons, feeding colostrum can either

make, or break, the health of the animal for the rest of its life.
How to Preserve Colostrum

Cleanliness and rapid refrigeration are the most important parts of preserving colostrum. The immune system of a baby calf is almost

non-existent, so any pathogens or bacteria that enter the calf's body will be absorbed directly into the calf's bloodstream. Here are some

tips for collecting and preserving colostrum:

 Never collect colostrum from an animal thought to be or known to be infected with a disease. The viruses or bacteria in the adult

animal's colostrum can enter into the bloodstream of the newborn animal through feeding either by nursing or by bottle.

 Never collect or feed colostrum that is contaminated with blood, manure, or any unknown material.

 Store colostrum in a clean 1 or 2 quart container that can be refrigerated or frozen.

 Do not store large containers of colostrum. Keep batches small so you can easily rewarm the colostrum without damaging the


 Label colostrum containers so you know what cow produced it and what date it was collected.

 Do not use refrigerated colostrum if it is more than 1 week old.

 Do not use frozen colostrum if it is more than 6 months old.

 Discard outdated colostrum.

 Never feed colostrum that has been unrefrigerated for more than 30 minutes.

Rewarming Colostrum

Be gentle when rewarming colostrum. Beneficial antibodies that exist in colostrum can be damaged by excessive heat. Here are some

tips on how to rewarm colostrum while preserving antibodies:

 Store colostrum in small containers to make gentle rewarming easier.

 Rewarm colostrum using a warm water bath, just as you would rewarm a human baby bottle.

 Warm to a temperature of 100 - 105 degrees Fahrenheit.

 Do not use a microwave oven to thaw or rewarm colostrum.

 Colostrum should be fed using a nipple bottle.

How to Measure Colostrum Quality

It is a good idea to measure the quality of colostrum to ensure newborn calves are getting the nutrition they need from the colostrum.

Animals with poor health may produce weak colostrum, so you want to know the quality of the colostrum you are feeding.

Use a colostrometer to measure the quality of colostrum by looking at antibody concentration and specific gravity in the liquid.

Colostrometers are most accurate if colostrum is at room temperature.

How Much Colostrum Does a Calf Need?

Feed high-quality colostrum within 2 hours after birth.

 Feed 3 to 4 quarts of colostrum to large breed dairy calves.

 Feed 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 quarts of colostrum to beef or small breed dairy calves.

 Continue feeding colostrum every 8 - 12 hours for the first 24 hours.

 If you purchased a baby calf and you aren't sure how old it is, feed colostrum. Although antibodies may not get absorbed by an older

calf, the proteins, fats, hormones, and other minerals in the colostrum can only help a young calf.
How to Help a Calf Refusing to Drink Colostrum

Some calves may consume all 4 quarts of colostrum on the first feeding. Other calves may consume most but not all. When a calf will

not drink the recommended amount of colostrum on the first feeding, store the colostrum and wait a couple of hours before trying to

feed the calf again. If the calf still refuses the colostrum, you may consider a more drastic measure: force feeding via esophageal tube.

Contact your veterinarian before tube feeding if you aren't sure how to proceed. This is a technique that requires training and

experience, and misuse of feeding tubes can cause injury or death to animals.

If a calf refuses to consume most of the colostrum on the first feeding, contact your veterinarian to ask about tube feeding. Time is of the

essence, and if a calf has not consumed most of the recommended 4 quarts in the first 2 - 4 hours of life, tube feeding is probably

necessary. One exception is if a calf is not strong enough to sit up on its own. This could indicate a larger problem, and your

veterinarian should be contacted.

Colostrum Supplements and Colostrum Replacers



It has a very exceptional and delightful flavor and is traditionally made from lactating milk. It is very nutritious and
wholesome as the milk is fully loaded with antibodies and immune factors. Colostrums’ is pre milk liquid that is
produced by female mammals just after delivery to boost up newborn’s immune system. This unique super-food was
designed by nature to help the newborn grow physically powerful and in the pink. Using this milk in medicines dates
back thousands of years back when most of the Ayurvedic physicians have used it f or both therapeutic and sacred

Get ready to do this recipe and take pleasure in tasting this traditional Andhra sweet delicacy.


 1 ltr Colostrum milk

 ½ ltr Whole milk
 ½ kg Jaggery (approx)
 2 tbsp Black pepper powder
 1 tsp Cardamom powder
 1/2 cup water

1. Make jaggery syrup by adding ½ cup water and boil. Stir continuously till it changes to liquid form.
2. Strain colostrum milk in a strainer and mix whole milk if you are using first day colostrum milk.
3. Now strain the diluted jaggery and add cardamom powder and black pepper powder.
4. Steam it in the cooker placing the weight for 10 minutes or for 2 whistles. If you are making the dish without
using cooker, steam it for 30 minutes on low flame.
5. Insert a spoon to know if it is cooked. Allow to cool then slice and serve./li>


Recipe Name

Junnu (Andhra style Milk Pudding) Recipe

Published On

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Natural maternal colostrum for your calf is most recommended, however if your colostrum has become contaminated, is not high

enough quality, or is not plentiful enough, you may want to consider using a colostrum supplement or colostrum milk replacer.

Colostrum supplements can contain antibodies from dried colostrum or dried serum. Calves need at least 150 grams of antibodies in the

first 6 - 8 hours of life to achieve successful passive transfer immunity.

Colostrum Supplements

Colostrum supplements usually contain 30 to 60 grams of antibodies and can be fed alone or mixed with available maternal colostrum.

Use a colostrum supplement in 2 or 3 feedings if no maternal colostrum is available.

Colostrum Replacers

Colostrum replacers usually contain higher levels of antibodies than colostrum supplements: about 100 - 150 grams of antibodies.

Replacers make the cost of each feeding increase by 2 - 3 times.

Colostrum or “first milk” is produced in the initial secretions of the mammary gland following
the birth of offspring. Colostrum is most commonly distinguished from whole milk because it
contains high concentrations of immunoglobulins (Ig), otherwise known as antibodies.
Antibodies are proteins which function to identify and destroy disease-causing pathogens in
livestock. Colostrum is also a vital source of growth factors and nutritional elements such as
protein, fat, milk sugar, vitamins and minerals.
Why is Colostrum Important?
Transfer of maternal antibodies across the placenta to the fetus does not occur during
pregnancy in cattle. For this reason, calves are born with limited resistance to disease.
Colostrum is important because it provides calves with passive immunity until their immune
systems are developed and able to actively produce antibodies in response to infection or
The main classes of antibodies present within colostrum are IgG, IgM and IgA. Each
antibody differs in structure as well as responsibility. IgG, colostrum’s most predominant
antibody, functions to identify and demolish pathogens found within the bloodstream as well
as other parts of the body. IgM recognizes and destroys bacteria solely entering the blood.
IgA acts by fastening to membranes that line various organs, such as the intestine, and
prevents pathogens from attaching and causing disease.
Research indicates that calves obtaining sufficient levels of antibodies from colostrum are
less susceptible to sickness and death caused by common infectious diseases including
septicemia, diarrhea and respiratory illness. Since colostrum is rich in nutrients it is also a
superior source of energy, protein, vitamins and minerals. Calves utilize fat and lactose from
colostrum to instigate heat production and maintain a constant body temperature. Vitamins
and minerals are also important to initiate metabolism and possibly assist in the
development of the digestive system. Non-nutritive components of colostrum such as growth
factors aid to develop and mature the digestive system.
Factors Influencing the Success of Colostrum
The success of passive transfer of immunity via colostrum to new-born calves is mainly
dependent on three factors: quality of colostrum, quantity of colostrum and timing. Colostrum
quality is directly linked to it’s concentration of antibodies. Quality is always greatest the first-
milking post-calving. Second or later milkings of colostrum contain significantly lower Ig
concentrations because Ig transfer from the bloodstream of the dam into the mammary
gland typically stops by the time of calving. For this same reason, cow’s leaking milk pre-
partum may have considerably reduced colostrum Ig concentrations. Antibody concentration
of colostrum is also a function of breed type and lactation number. Beef cows typically have
higher Ig concentrations in colostrum than dairy cows. Additionally, older cows generally
produce elevated concentrations of antibodies compared to first-calf heifers since they have
been exposed to a greater number of pathogens in their lifetime.A critical mass of 100 to 200
grams of Ig must be ingested and absorbed by the new-born calf to attain passive immunity.
Accordingly, calves should consume a minimum of 2 litres of colostrum within their first hour
of life followed by an additional 2 liters over the next 6 to 12 hours. Timing of colostrum
intake is critical because the intestines ability to absorb antibodies declines as the calf ages.
Intestinal absorption progressively lessens after 12 hours of age and complete gut closure
typically results after 24 hours.
Natural suckling to accomplish passive transfer of immunity from dam to calf can be relied
on in beef cattle unless some condition exists that is likely to decrease the success of this
process. If vigorous active nursing has not started within 2-3 hours of life, every effort should
be made to supplement new-born calves with the best source of colostrum via bottle or tube
Alternative Sources of Colostrum for the Beef Calf
It is best to have colostrum on hand from your own herd if possible, since using colostrum
from other herds raises biosecurity issues as well as differences in antibody concentrations.
It is important to know the operation and their health management strategies before using
their colostrum. Colostrum replacement products are available in the event that colostrum
can not be collected quickly. Regardless of which product you are feeding, it is important to
remember that colostrum replacer must deliver at least 100 grams of IgG for absorption to
the new born calf.
Storing Colostrum
Colostrum that is not fed within 2 hours of collection should be refrigerated to control
bacterial growth. Refrigeration at 4 degrees C in plastic containers maintains the viability of
antibodies and other components of colostrum for up to 7 days. For long term preservation,
colostrum can be frozen for up to one year with little nutrient loss. The best method for
storing colostrum in the freezer is in 2 litre stackable, plastic containers or freezer bags (be
sure to double bag). Thaw colostrum slowly in warm water (38 degrees C) to preserve
quality. Rapid thaw can damage and reduce the efficacy of colostral antibodies. Colostrum
can also be thawed in a microwave set on low power. Microwave for short periods of time
and constantly pour off thawed portions.
ever pool together colostrum from different cows. This practice, once believed to minimize
the effect of low Ig colostrum and increase volume available to calves, has a negative effect
on the acquisition of immunity. It also increases the likelihood of disease transmission to
calves because multiple cows are represented in a single feeding.
Besser, T.E. and Gay, C.C. 1994. The importance of colostrum to the health of the neonatal
calf. Vet Clin Food Anim. 10: 107-117
Blomquist, N. 2008. The importance of colostrum for calves – frequently asked questions
Kopp, J. 2007. Colostrum and milk replacers: Cattle production for women seminar
Lang, G. 2008. Factsheet: Colostrum for the dairy calf
McGuirk, S.M. and Collins, M. 2004. Managing t