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capstone project
4 sub-functions
ANJA DAMAZYN FEB 12, 2018 11:23AM

capstone project idea - knee replacement - allow for posterior displacement of femur or tibia
- shock absorption
After taking a eld trip to our mentor's of ce in Berkeley, my group has decided to
change our senior engineering project idea from creating a prosthetic limb to
building and improving a knee. We plan on building a leg and prosthetic knee and
performing a total knee surgery.
knees must be protected. the main parts of a knee joint are bones, ligaments,
tendons, cartilages, and a joint capsule, all of which are made of collagen which is a
sub-function 1 brous tissue in our body that breaks down as we age.
Bones - the bones of the knee are the patella, femur, tibia, and bula. they give
sturdy strength, stability, and exibility
alternative solution: Ligaments - attach bones to bones
- nickel Tendons - connect muscles to bone. quadriceps: connects quadriceps muscle of
- plastic thigh to knee cap
- carbon ber patellar tendon: connects kneecap to shinbone(tibia)
- rubber Cartilage - the ends of bones that touch other bones. covered with articulate
- titanium cartilage: brous connective tissue covers ends of bones and protects bones as the
The knee myst be sturdy and durable. Prosthetic knees are most commonly made join moves
out of alloys of cobalt-chromium and titanium which are types of metal. The Muscles - quadriceps: 4 muscles in front of thigh responsible for straightening the
bearing portion of the joint is made of a high-grade, wear resistant plastic.  knee
hamstring: 3 muscles on back of thigh  control knee moving from straight to bent
sub-function 2
synovial uid lubricated joints
must move
alternative solution:
- when one squats, knee must be placed in a position so it turns outwards
- must allow for the leg to extend
- must allow for leg to bend sub-function 3
sub-function 4