Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 4

Region I

Bonuan Buquig National High School

Division of City Schools
Dagupan City


I. Motivation
1. The class will play the “Analogy Game Show: #4Pics 1Pair”
a. Group the class into three (3)
b. Each group will be given a three (3) keypad phones that will serve as the
c. The first group to dial and contact the phone of the teacher will get the
chance to answer the Analogy 4Pics 1Pair.
d. Items of the game is displayed in a chart.
e. They are only given 10 seconds to answer. If they fail to answer, the other
groups will be given the chance to steal.
f. The group who will get the highest score will be the winner.
Example Item:

__ __ __ __ : __ __ __ :: __ __ __ : __ __ __ __
2. What have you noticed from the first pair of pictures? How about the second

II. Objectives
At the end of the discussion, the students are expected to:
1. Identify the relationship of the pairs of words.
2. Know the techniques in solving 2 types of verbal analogy: synonyms and
3. Practice cooperation through the Analogy Game Show: #4Pics 1Pair.
4. Solve simple to complicated verbal analogies.
Subject Matter:
1. Topic: Verbal Analogy: Synonyms and Antonyms
2. Skills to develop: critical thinking
3. Values: Teamwork building
4. References: Verbal Analogy retrieved from elearning.shisu.com.
5. Materials: Charts, Activity Sheets and Hand-outs

III. Pre-requisite
Direction: Complete the word analogy by choosing the appropriate word from the

Unhappy Reveal Indigent Ruin Stupid

Value Attach Full Constant Small

1. happy : glad :: sad : _______
2. hide : conceal :: show : _______
3. rich : wealthy :: poor : _______
4. construct : build :: destroy : _______
5. wise : smart :: dumb : ______

A. Antonyms
6. hate : love :: despise : ______
7. Take –off : affix :: remove : _______
8. vacant: loaded :: empty : _______
9. changing : stable :: modifiable : _______
10. large : tiny :: big : ______

IV. Information

1. Discussion
Verbal Analogy are interference of similarities between two relations.
The symbol ( : ) means "is to" and the symbol ( : : ) means "as."
For example, dirty : stinky :: clean: neat is read as dirty is to stinky as
clean is to neat. Notice the relationship of the first pair.
The first pair dirty : stinky are synonymous to each other. Thus, the type
of relationship in the 1st pair is SYNONYM.
The second pair therefore must also have the same type of relationship
with the 1st pair. The 2nd pair should be clean and neat which are synonymous to
each other.
There are types of verbal analogy and some of it are antonyms and
Antonyms are words with opposite meaning. For example: white and
black, destroy and build or tall and short.
Synonyms are words with the same meaning. For example: true and
genuine or lucky and fortunate.

2. Participation
Student 1 and 2 should give examples of antonyms
Student 3 should arrange the antonyms given in a verbal analogy form
using the symbol : and ::.
Student 4 and 5 should give examples of synonyms.
Student 6 should arrange the antonyms given in a verbal analogy form
using the symbol : and ::.
The teacher will show an incomplete set of verbal analogy and the
student will fill the missing antonym or synonym.

V. Process
Direction: Complete the set of verbal analogies. Choose the correct word from
the given 4 choices.

1. Guardian: protector :: warrior : ______.

a. Fighter c. Provider
b. Redeemer d. Messenger

2. True : genuine :: _______: proof

a. Hint c. Paper
b. Evidence d. File

3. Loud : noisy :: quiet : _______.

a. Deep c. Calm
b. Material d. Relax

4. Similar : different :: Synonyms : ______.

a. Homonyms c. Collocations
b. Antonyms d. Infinitives

5. Up : down :: summit : ________.

a. Bottom c. Top
b. Beside d. Beyond

VI. Summary

1. Generalization
What are verbal analogies?
What are antonyms and synonyms?
How do we read verbal analogies?

2. Assignment
Search on the 2 types of verbal analogy: Object and classification and object and

Prepared by:

Sheryl H. Natino
BSEd- English, Practice teacher

Checked by:
Mrs. Michelle M. Felstead
Cooperating Teacher