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Applies to:

PROCEDURE FOR INSTALLATION OF LOW VOLTAGE SERVICE USING 3 CORE BUNCHED WAVECON CABLES DRAFT

 

SSEPD Staff

PR-PS-151

and Third

Parties

 

Classification: Public

Uncontrolled if printed

Rev:3.04

The author / owner of this document is:

This document has been approved for Issue by:

Date of Issue:

Review

Date:

1 INTRODUCTION

2 GENERAL.

3 VOLTAGE CONDITIONS ON LOW VOLTAGE BUNCHED WAVECON CONNECTIONS

4 SIZES AND RATINGS

5 INSTALLATION

6 BWC PROTECTION REQUIREMENTS

7 BWC EARTHING REQUIREMENTS

8 METERING

9 CUSTOMER’ EQUIPMENT

10 ASSOCIATED DOCUMENTS

11 APPLICABLE STANDARDS

Applies to:

PROCEDURE FOR INSTALLATION OF LOW VOLTAGE SERVICE USING 3 CORE BUNCHED WAVECON CABLES DRAFT

 

SSEPD Staff

PR-PS-151

and Third

Parties

 

Classification: Public

Uncontrolled if printed

Rev:3.04

1

INTRODUCTION

1.1

This procedure details the processes to be followed when installing services to customers being supplied at Low Voltage using single core bunched Wavecon cables (BWC) for connections on to Scottish and Southern Energy Power Distribution’s (SSEPD) network.

1.2

A copy of this procedure is available to prospective developers and consultants to insure that a suitable access for SSEPD supply cables and metering equipment is agreed at an early stage. The meter position should be on an outside wall and preferably within 15 metres of the substation. Any other arrangement must be agreed in detail by SSEPD.

1.3

A 1500kVA transformer can only supply a single customers. 1000kVA and below can supply multiple customers.

1.4

The use of transformers with ratings greater than 1500kVA must be agreed with SSEPD.

2

GENERAL.

2.1

For transformer supplying a single load 185 mm² 3 core bunched Wavecon cable will be used on all installations with the exception of 1500kVA transformers where 300 mm² bunched Wavecon cable will only be used. Where two supplies are fed from the same transformer the number and size of the Wavecon cables will be dictated by the load requirement of each circuit.

2.2

Detail of approved plant is given in The Plant Catalogue, TG-PS-148 and substation design in TG-PS-883, Information to Assist Third Parties in the Design and Installation of New Secondary Substations for Adoption for Use by SSEPD. The unit substation can be fitted with either an oil-filled ring main unit or an SF6/vacuum ring main unit.

2.3

Transformers are currently purchased with the ratings; 315, 500, 800, 1000 and 1500 kVA. A winter cyclic rating of up to 30% can be accommodated on the transformers when situated outdoors. The maximum size transformer which can be used to feed multiple customers metered at LV is 1000 kVA. A single customer can be supplied from a 1500kVA transformer. On transformers up to and including 1000 kVA, 500A, fused, 3 core feeder ways can be used to supply the network in addition to any 800A or larger feeder ways.

2.4

Transformer sizes greater than 1500 kVA shall be connected with busbar to the customer’s intake.

2.5

Transformers will only be fitted with Low Voltage Cabinets fitted with MCCBs or ACBs as appropriate. There may be some outgoing feeder ways where appropriate.

3

VOLTAGE CONDITIONS ON LOW VOLTAGE BUNCHED WAVECON CONNECTIONS

3.1

To allow for voltage variations in the high voltage network , the maximum volt drop at the customer’s terminations on the low voltage bunched Wavecon cable shall be 5%. This volt drop being based on a nominal voltage of 230v.

3.2

Voltage fluctuations on the low voltage design, caused be electrical equipment, shall be taken into account. Reference shall be made to Energy Networks

Applies to:

PROCEDURE FOR INSTALLATION OF LOW VOLTAGE SERVICE USING 3 CORE BUNCHED WAVECON CABLES DRAFT

 

SSEPD Staff

PR-PS-151

and Third

Parties

 

Classification: Public

Uncontrolled if printed

Rev:3.04

Association Engineering Recommendation P28, Planning limits for voltage fluctuations caused by industrial, commercial and domestic equipment in the UK. Where these only affect the customer causing the fluctuations then limits can be outside of P28 subject to written confirmation between the customer and SSEPD accepting the level of fluctuations.

3.3

To allow for imbalanced loading the low voltage design shall take into account voltage imbalance at the customer’s terminals of 1%. Reference shall be made to Energy Networks Association Engineering Recommendation P29, Planning limits for voltage unbalance in the UK.

3.4

The design for harmonic voltage distortion shall comply with Energy Networks Association Engineering Recommendation P29, Planning limits for harmonic voltage distortion and the connection of non-linear equipment to transmission systems and distribution networks in the UK.

4

SIZES AND RATINGS

4.1

The standard for supplying large loads is to use either 185 mm² or 300 mm² 3 core Wavecon cable with the three cores bunched together (referred to as BWC). The following table gives the ratings of these cables referred to the size of transformer. 3 core 185 mm² Wavecon low smoke zero halogen is also available for indoor substations within buildings were fire regulations require these cable to be used.

4.2

THE NUMBER AND SIZE OF THE CABLES ARE CRITICAL AND MUST NOT BE CHANGED FROM THAT SHOWN IN TABLE 1.

Size of

Number of Cables

Winter

Continuous Summer Rating

Bunched

Cyclic

3 Core

Rating

Wavecon

Phase

Neutral

kVA

kVA

Cables in free air with up to 5 metres buried and maximum length 100 metres

185

mm²

1

 

1 805

633

185

mm²

2

 

1 1615

1270

185

mm²

3

 

2 2425

1907

 

Cables buried and maximum length of 100 metres

185

mm²

1

1

700

551

185

mm²

2

1

1227

968

185

mm²

3

2

1581

1246

300

mm²

3

2

2219

1744

Applies to:

PROCEDURE FOR INSTALLATION OF LOW VOLTAGE SERVICE USING 3 CORE BUNCHED WAVECON CABLES DRAFT

 

SSEPD Staff

PR-PS-151

and Third

Parties

 

Classification: Public

Uncontrolled if printed

Rev:3.04

4.3

Where a cyclic rating is applicable, the maximum load is in Winter and the load curve is to Curve G, as shown in appendix 1, then the Winter cyclic rating can be applied. For any other conditions of loading the Summer continuous rating shall be applied unless otherwise agreed in writing with SSEPD. Installation

5

5.1 Diagram 1 shows how the cables shall be installed to get the required rating. In all cases the neutral cable/s must be installed close to a 3 phase bunch of cables.

5.2 It is important that the cables are laid in tight trefoil formation bound together to minimise the magnitude of magnetic field emitted from the cable. Cable routes shall not be run through buildings and the customer's intake position should be on an outside wall.

5.3 If the intake position is not on an outside wall and the customer insists that the intake is within the building, then the customer must be warned that the magnetic fields radiated by the cables may interfere with sensitive electronic equipment placed close to the cables and that SSEPD will not accept any liability for any consequences caused by the installation.

5.4 In such cases the cables will only be laid in cable trenches and never through or under office floors.

5.5 To get the rating of the cables as shown in the table it is important that they are direct buried. Short runs of ducts up to 10 metres are acceptable. If it is necessary to install the cables in long runs of duct then these will have to be Bentonite filled.

5.6 Cables installed in unfilled ducts longer than 10m must have a derating of 20% applied to the figures in table 1. Separate ducts are required for each cable. Ducts shall have a minimum internal diameter of 100mm and must be laid in trefoil plus an extra duct for the neutral as shown in Fig. 1.

5.7

100 100 300 Buried 300 Buried R 150 In Air RR Br 150 In Air
100
100
300 Buried
300 Buried
R
150 In Air
RR
Br
150 In Air
Br
Br
Gy
Bl
Bl
Gy
Bl
Gy
N
N
2 CABLES PER PHASE
3 CABLES PER
PHASE

CABLE SPACING ARRANGEMENTS

FOR 2 & 3 CABLES PER PHASE

All dimensions are in mm

Diagram 1

Groups of cables are to be cleated in trefoil or quad formation on cable trays

Applies to:

PROCEDURE FOR INSTALLATION OF LOW VOLTAGE SERVICE USING 3 CORE BUNCHED WAVECON CABLES DRAFT

 

SSEPD Staff

PR-PS-151

and Third

Parties

 

Classification: Public

Uncontrolled if printed

Rev:3.04

(see Table 2) with 150 mm spacing between the groups of cables. With free air movement and an average ambient temperature of 15 °C or less they will not be derated assuming normal spacing of the group. Cables cannot be installed in situations where the ambient temperature is normally above 25 C.

BUNCHED WAVECON CLEATS

3 Core Wavecon Cable Size

No. Cables in Group

Stock No.

Ellis Patents

Part No.

185

mm²

3

(Trefoil)

068683 VRT-07

 

185

mm²

4

(Quad)

068684 VRQ-06

 

300

mm²

3

(Trefoil)

068685 VRT-10

 

300

mm²

4

(Quad)

068686 VRQ-08

 

Table 2

5.8 BWC terminated in MCCB and ACB shall use the flexible connector as shown in figure . For all other connections the fixed connector shall be used.

For all other connections the fixed connector shall be used. Diagram 2 © Scottish and Southern

Diagram 2

Applies to:

PROCEDURE FOR INSTALLATION OF LOW VOLTAGE SERVICE USING 3 CORE BUNCHED WAVECON CABLES DRAFT

 

SSEPD Staff

PR-PS-151

and Third

Parties

 

Classification: Public

Uncontrolled if printed

Rev:3.04

5.9 The maximum length of BWC is 100 metres. This is a total length which includes an allowance for terminations.

5.10 Route lengths shall be considered to have a maximum length of 90m.

5.11 The trench requirements are show in Diagram 3.

Cable entry

Cable entry Outside Wall 2000 mm LV Extension Chamber Cable Trench 1000 mm Wide by 830

Outside Wall

2000 mm LV Extension Chamber Cable Trench 1000 mm Wide by 830 mm deep
2000 mm

2000

mm

2000 mm
LV Extension Chamber Cable Trench 1000 mm Wide by 830 mm deep

LV Extension

Chamber

Cable Trench

1000 mm Wide

by 830 mm deep

LV Extension Chamber Cable Trench 1000 mm Wide by 830 mm deep
LV Extension Chamber Cable Trench 1000 mm Wide by 830 mm deep
Chamber Cable Trench 1000 mm Wide by 830 mm deep Wall or Other LV Extension Switchgear
Wall or Other LV Extension Switchgear Chamber Mounting 2000 Cable Trench mm 1000 mm Wide
Wall or Other
LV Extension
Switchgear
Chamber
Mounting
2000
Cable Trench
mm
1000 mm Wide
by 830 mm
Cable entry
Change of Trench Direction
45º
Left or Right to Suit Site
45º

CABLES ENTERING FROM INSIDE SWITCHROOM TRENCH REQUIREMENTS FOR 4, 7 OR 11 SINGLE CORE LV CABLES CABLE TERMINATIONS IN CUSTOMER'S PREMISES

Diagram 3

Applies to:

PROCEDURE FOR INSTALLATION OF LOW VOLTAGE SERVICE USING 3 CORE BUNCHED WAVECON CABLES DRAFT

 

SSEPD Staff

PR-PS-151

and Third

Parties

 

Classification: Public

Uncontrolled if printed

Rev:3.04

6

BWC Protection Requirements

6.1

For new installations BWC cable will be terminated in a transformer mounted low voltage cabinet.

6.2

This cabinet will be fitted with air break circuit breakers or mould case circuit breakers supplying the BWC and may be fitted with 630A fused outgoings ways for other purposes.

6.3

Low voltage cable boxes are not permitted on new works and can only be used on transformers being replaced which currently have a cable box fitted.

7

BWC EARTHING REQUIREMENTS

7.1

BWC installations shall be single point earthed in the transformer mounted low voltage cabinet. The BWC earth conductors shall not be connected in the customer’s switchgear and shall remain insulated.

7.2

The customer’s earthing will be TN-S (separate neutral and earth).

7.3

For BWC installations separate earthwires shall be installed direct in the ground and running parallel to the BWC cables. The earthwires must not touch the cables and shall be kept a minimum of 50mm from them. The earthwires will be terminated on the customer’s earth bar in their equipment.

7.4

The number of earthwires needed will depend on the prospective short circuit current. Using 70mm² stranded copper conductors the following number of earthwires is required;

PSCC up to 10kA 1 earthwires

PSCC 10kA and up to 20kA 2 earthwires

PSCC above 20kA 3 earthwires

7.5

Different sizes of earthwire can be employed however they must be suitably rated to the PSCC and permit a temperature rise of 375 °C with an ambient temperature of 30°C with a fault duration of 2 seconds.

7.6

These earth wires are connected to the transformer neutral earth bar and should be used to provide the low voltage neutral earth electrode. To get the desired value of resistance the copper conductors should be supplemented with driven earth rods. Where there is a need to segregate the Hv and LV earth electrodes the first 5m of earthwire from the transformer shall be pvc covered.

Applies to:

PROCEDURE FOR INSTALLATION OF LOW VOLTAGE SERVICE USING 3 CORE BUNCHED WAVECON CABLES DRAFT

 

SSEPD Staff

PR-PS-151

and Third

Parties

 

Classification: Public

Uncontrolled if printed

Rev:3.04

8

METERING

8.1

Metering measurement current transformers will comply with the Balancing and Settlement Code of Practice 5 for transformers up to and including 1000kVA and Code of Practice 3 for transformers above 1000kVA.

8.2

The metering CTs will be provided by either SSEPD (where SSEPD are installing the BWC) or the Third Party installer (where SSEPD will adopt the BWC).

8.3

Metering panels will comply with SP-PS-359, Specification outlining Termination Arrangements for 3 rd Party Connections to SSEPD Low Voltage Cable Networks.

9

CUSTOMER’ EQUIPMENT

9.1

The BWC is to be terminated at the customers end in a purpose made housing which is designed to accommodate SSEPD metering CTs. All installations shall be earthed to the TN-S (separate neutral and earth) system. The following arrangements are permitted:-

a) An adapter chamber is built under the customer's incomer switchgear as shown on drawings HO/65/037 for terminating up to 2 cables per phase or HO/65/081 for terminating up to 3 cables per phase.

b) Free standing termination cabinet built to stand along side the customer's switchgear with busbar entry to the customer's gear at the top. Drawing HO/65/083 shows the housing requirements and HO/65/084 details the busbar requirements.

c) These drawings are typical and the customer can arrange to have any type of unit constructed providing the dimensions and sizes where stated on the drawings are met. The unit must be supplied with three potential protection fuses and a link for CT metering. (Refer to table 3 for construction drawings for details).

d) The ownership boundary shall be at the LV metering current transformer links in the customer’s switchgear with SSEPD owning the links.

9.2

Drawing Fig. 2 details the minimum trench requirements at the customer's end. Again dimensions shown shall not be reduced as this will cause difficulties for the cable installation crew. Where the cable trench enters the building from the outside and runs under the switchgear it shall be continued in front of the gear for at least 2000 mm from the wall to the end of the trench.

9.3

It should be noted that where SSEPD will have an MCCB or an ACB and the customer has an incoming MCCB or ACB then the customer shall ensure that there is adequate discrimination between the customer's breaker and that of SSEPD.

10

ASSOCIATED DOCUMENTS

The following are associated documents;

Document

Document Title

Reference

TG-PS-148

The Plant Catalogue

Applies to:

PROCEDURE FOR INSTALLATION OF LOW VOLTAGE SERVICE USING 3 CORE BUNCHED WAVECON CABLES DRAFT

 

SSEPD Staff

PR-PS-151

and Third

Parties

 

Classification: Public

Uncontrolled if printed

Rev:3.04

11 APPLICABLE STANDARDS

11.1 Third Parties must obtain copies of non SSEPD Standards, such as BS or ENA documents, from the issuing organisations at their own expense. These documents may be subject to copyright.

11.2 Documents for use by third parties are classified as Public and are available on the SSEPD website, http://www.ssepd.co.uk/Library/ConnectionsUsefulDocuments/

11.3 Documents not displayed on the internet are not publically available as they are deemed not to be needed by third parties. Where third parties require copies of these SSEPD documents they can be requested from the SSEPD Power Systems Document Administrator, Inveralmond House, 200 Dunkeld Road, Perth PH1 3AQ.

11.4 There will be a cost of £150 for each copy of each document (irrespective of size). This cost is due to the administration required to ensure that updates to the documents (which are controlled) are sent out to third parties.

Applies to:

PROCEDURE FOR INSTALLATION OF LOW VOLTAGE SERVICE USING 3 CORE BUNCHED WAVECON CABLES DRAFT

 

SSEPD Staff

PR-PS-151

and Third

Parties

 

Classification: Public

Uncontrolled if printed

Rev:3.04

DRAWINGS

The drawings in table 3 below are for information purposes only. Full sized version can be obtained by contacting our connections team.

Drawing Number

Title

HO/65/083

External requirements of free standing cabinet, 11 single core or bunched 3 core cables.

HO/65/037

Typical requirements of extension chamber to provide CT accommodation and space for terminating single core cables.

HO/65/081

Typical requirements of extension chamber to provide CT accommodation and space for terminating 11 single core or bunched 3 core cables.

HO/65/084

Typical requirements for free standing cabinet to provide CT accommodation and space for terminating 11 single core or bunched 3 core cables.

Table 3

Applies to:

PROCEDURE FOR INSTALLATION OF LOW VOLTAGE SERVICE USING 3 CORE BUNCHED WAVECON CABLES DRAFT

 

SSEPD Staff

PR-PS-151

and Third

Parties

 

Classification: Public

Uncontrolled if printed

Rev:3.04

Public Uncontrolled if printed Rev:3.04 © Scottish and Southern Energy Power Distribution Page 11

PR-PR-151 Rev. 3.01

© Scottish and Southern Energy Power Distribution Page 12 of 15
© Scottish and Southern Energy Power Distribution
Page 12 of 15

PR-PR-151 Rev 3.01

PR-PR-151 Rev 3.01 © Scottish and Southern Energy Power Distribution Page 13 of 15

© Scottish and Southern Energy Power Distribution Page 13 of 15

PR-PR-151 Rev 3.01

© Scottish and Southern Energy Power Distribution Page 14 of 15

PR-PR-151 Rev 3.01

Appendix 1

1 Load Curve G 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 0
1
Load Curve G
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
Time (Hr)
Load (P.U.)

© Scottish and Southern Energy Power Distribution Page 15 of 15