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4.

0 PROCEDURES

There are 1 case that needs to be completed. Please follow all procedures and relevant
regulations / guidelines.
Guidelines proposed for this cases referring to Panduan Teknik, Cawangan Kejuruteraan
Elektrik, Jabatan Kerja Raya Malaysia :-
A. Guidelines for Schematic Design
B. Switchboards and Distribution System
C. Reticulation Cable Size and Voltage Drop Calculation
D. Power Factor Correction

4.1 Case :

4.1.1 An existing masjid Seremban Jaya requires new air conditioner 3HP -20 unit & 5HP – 4
unit. Existing SSB masjid load without new air conditioner is TCL = 59.19kW, MD =
43.61kW which is supply from the electrical utility company (TNB) with MSB allocate
at Substation TNB with 400 V, 50 Hz supply at 0.85 power factor. The existing MSB at
substation TNB is shown as below:

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4.1.2 To Calculate Capacitor bank size requirement. 20 marks

Total Total cos cos cos-¹ cos-¹ tan tan


No. Load kW kW D.F kW Hours kWh θ1 θ2 θ1 θ2 θ1 θ2 kVAR
(TCL) (TCL) (MD) (θ1) (θ2) (kVAR1)

(Mech. Load) 59.68 1.0 11 24 264 0.5 0.9 60º 26º 1.7 0.5 72
Aircond load
Air Cond
3hp 2.238 44.76
5hp 3.730 14.92
a. Total (kVAR) 72
b. Proposed size (kVAR) 80
c. Proposed no. of steps 4
d. Steps' No. 1 2 3 4
e. Bank size (kVAR) 10 10 20 40 80
f. In (A 3ph.) 7.0 13.9 27.8 55.6 111.30
g. Cable size(A) 21.0 28.0 28 28 144.69
4x 1C pvc(mm2) 2.5 4.0 4.0 4.0
h. Contactor 10.4 20.9 41.7 83.5 166.95
Size (A)TPN 20.0 30.0 30.0 30.0
i. MCCB TPN 11.8 23.7 47.3 94.6 189.21
Size (A)TPN 20 30 50 100
j. Incoming A 127.13
k. Proposed size of MCCB
(A) TPN 150
l. Proposed busbar size
[mm](1.5A max per
mm2) 4x6

4.1.3 To Calculate Total Connected Load, Maximum demand and determine diversity factor
20 marks
Map B : Load Details Table
(TCL) Diversity
No. Description Unit Qty (TCL) kW (MD) kW TCL (kW) MD (kW)
kW/unit Factor
MSB Summary of Load Details.

A) SSB MASJID Nos. 1 - - 1 - 118.87 103.29

B) Others 1 1 0.88 0.70

Grand Total Load 120 104

TCL (Amps) MD (Amps)


196 170

A) SSB MASJID Total 118.87 103.29


TCL (Amp) MD (Amp)

a) DB MASJID Nos. 1 - 59.19 - 43.61 96.88 71.38

b) DB AC
Air Cond 3 HP Nos. 20 2.238 44.76 1.0 44.76
Air Cond 5 HP Nos. 4 3.730 14.92 1.0 14.92 TCL (Amp) MD (Amp)

Total 59.68 59.68 97.68 97.68

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4.1.4 From Load Detail Table, Propose upgrading cable, device MCCB and related device for
MSB. Show calculation of voltage drop for each cable. Distance from MSB at Substation
to SSB Masjid is 300 meter. While Distance from SSB to DB masjid & DB AC is 20 meter.
(You may use new sheet for calculation) 20 marks

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4.1.5 Design DB AC complete with MCCB incoming/ RCCB/ Busbar/ Load/ Ways/ Cable/ TCL/
MD label.
20 marks

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4.2 Discussion:

4.2.1 Base on question 4.1.4 regarding size cable calculation, what is the criteria
for selection cable size?
Voltage Drop and type of cable (single core or multi core and installation type) 5 marks

4.2.2 What is the relevant guidelines to be followed as basis for 4.1.4?


Design criteria from Panduan Teknik – determination of switch gear, 5 marks
voltage drop, type of cable.
4.3 Conclusion:

After the completion of case, what is your conclusion? 10 marks


In design – load detail, diversity factor, total connected load, maximum demand,
Voltage drop, selection type of cable, distance between MSB to SSB to DB are
important to determine safety and follow specification from authorities such as
TNB, Local Authorities, ST, JKR and others.

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