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Performance Review of Thermal Power Stations 2000-01 Section-13 PAGE NO 13.

EFFICIENCY (STATION HEAT RATE) OF COAL/LIGNITE BASED


THERMAL POWER STATION

Station Heat Rate (SHR) is an important factor to assess the efficiency of a


thermal power station. Efficiency of TPS is a function of station heat rate and it is inversely
proportional to SHR. If SHR reduces, efficiency increase, resulting in fuel saving. Station heat
rate improvement also helps in reducing pollution from TPS. In this direction, Performance
Evaluation Division of CEA had devised a proforma to monitor the various parameters of
efficiency of thermal power stations. On monitoring, the data of station heat rate parameters had
been received from, 54 Nos. Thermal Power Stations during 2000-01. The data of operating
station heat rate parameters so received have been compiled & analysed for instituting an
incentive scheme on Improved Station Heat Rate (SHR) and have been compared with design
SHR of the above thermal power station, for the year 2000-01 . The analysis of station heat rate
so carried out has been highlighted in Annexures- I to V. The analysis of Station Heat
parameters as given below has been carried out broadly in two categories of the stations with
SHR variation between (a) 0-10% and (b) >10%. The stations under 0-10% categories have been
considered as efficient and greater than 10% as poorly operating. All the stations analysed have
used coal as primary fuel to generate power and oil as secondary fuel for starting purposes.
Where as Neyveli and Kutch are lignite based TPS. The analysis has been carried out on the
station basis. Stations may comprise of any size of units.
The following assumptions have been taken for the analysis of station heat rate

ASSUMPTIONS:-

1. Analysis of only those power stations has been carried out where data of at least 9 months
operation was available.

2. Design station heat rate has been evaluated based on design data of turbine heat rate and
boiler efficiency as submitted by TPS and compared with operating station heat.

3. The data of various parameters of station heat rate such as fuel’s calorific value
generation, fuel consumption etc. have been taken from TPS authorities / SEB’s /utilities
on monthly basis.

4. Actual oil consumption is converted into equivalent coal consumption and added to
actual coal consumption to make it as effective coal for calculating heat rate w.r.t. coal
GVC on monthly basis as oil consumption is less compared to coal. Weighted average of
coal GVC and oil GCV have been computed yearly for calculating heat rate for the year.

5. Oil GCV has been assumed as 10,000 Kcal/1 in case any station has not submitted the
data of oil GVC.
Performance Review of Thermal Power Stations 2000-01 Section-13 PAGE NO 13. 2

6. All India figures are indicated on weighted average basis with respect to generation of the
year for available data for the year 2000-01.

3.0 SALIENT FEATURES OF THE GROSS STATION HEAT RATE DATA


ANALYSIS:

3.1 The gross Station Heat Rate (SHR) deviation of operating SHR with respect to
design SHR for the year 2000-01 given at Annexture-I & II and main highlights
of outcomes for the years 2000-01 is given below.

a) ALL INDIA STATION HEAT RATE

Year Capacity(MW) Design SHR Operating % deviation %


(Kcal/kwh) SHR Improvement
(Kcal/Kwh) over 2000-01
1999-00 - 2422.51 2914 20.28 -
2000-01 33060.5 2408.34 2763 14.71 -

Above table indicates that the estimated weighted average operation SHR at All India basis
are as 2914 Kcal/Kwh, and 2763 Kcal/Kwh for the year 1999-2000 and 2000-01
respectively. This analysis indicates that there is significant improvement in operating station
heat rate during 2000-01 with respect to 1999-00. Similar is the case with also SHR variation for
1999-2000 and 2000-01 w.r.t. design heat rate which would be evident from Chart- ‘ALL
INDIA STATION HEAT RATE;

(b) REGION WISE STATION HEAT RATE

Region Years Design SHR Operating % Deviation %Improvement


SHR w.r.t. preceding
year
Northern 2000-2001 2483.18 2972.27 19.7 -
Southern 2000-2001 2434.38 2722.36 11.83 -
Western 2000-2001 2357.02 2612.17 10.83 -
Eastern 2000-2001 2381.75 3306.02 38.81 -

The above table indicates that the OPSHR level of Northern Region as 2972.27 K.Cal/Kwh the
years 2000-2001. The OPSHR of Southern Region indicated as 2722.36 Kcal/Kwh for the years
2000-01. Western Region and Eastern Region do not show any improvement in OPSHR.

c) The number of efficient power stations during the years 2000-01 whose SHR
deviation w.r.t. design heat rate in the range of two categories (0-5%, 5-10%) are
given in the following table. Details are given at Annexure-II.
Performance Review of Thermal Power Stations 2000-01 Section-13 PAGE NO 13. 3

SL. Particulars 2000-01


Total station analysed 54
No. of stations in the range of SHR deviation (0-5%) 7
No. of stations in the range of SHR deviation (5-10%) 9
Total efficient stations SI. No.(2+3) in the range of (0-10%) 16
No. of stations with SHR deviation more than 10% 38

d) As per Annexure-I & II, it is observed that, Ib Valley (OPGC), Sikka (RPL),
Bhusawal (MSEB) have been assessed as best station for 2000-2001 with SHR
deviations 0.34%, 1.65% and 3.41% respectively.

e) Barauni, Nellore, Chandrapura (DVC), Paricha and Santaldih (WBSEB) have


been assessed as poorly performing TPS with SHR deviation more than 60% and
up to 103%.

f) About 40 stations at an average of last three years are operating at very poor SHR
having variations in SHR greater than 10% and up to 100%. These stations need
proper monitoring and Energy Audit implementation.

g) Efficiency of all Stations is highlighted in Annexure-IV , it indicates that the


efficiency of Thermal Power Stations varies from 19% to 37% for the Year, 2000-
2001. Dahanu (BSES), Chandrapur (MSEB). Rayalseema & Ib valley are some of
the stations which have recorded their efficiency in the range of 35% to 37%.

4.0 LEVEL OF IMPROVEMENT

Level of Improvement in Station Heat Rate for the year 1999-00 & 2000-2001
with respect to preceding year is given at Annexure-III.

The outcomes are given below:

4.1 The Station Heat Rate is improving consistently form the year 2000-01 with
respect to preceding year including efficient Station as well as poor Station. The
level of improvement varies form 0.03% to 20.5% over the preceding year. The
numbers of Stations showing improvement are given in the following table:

Year No. of Stations No. of Improved Level of % of improved


Analysed Stations improvement (%) Stations
2000-01 54 27 0.12% - 14.4% 50%
Performance Review of Thermal Power Stations 2000-01 Section-13 PAGE NO 13. 4

5.0 UNIT CAPACITY GROUPWISE ANALYSIS

Annexure-V indicates that

5.1 The operating heat rate of the 250 MW group stations is 2313 Kcal/kWh
for the year 2000-2001

5.2 The operating station heat rate of the 200/210 MW group stations is as
2678 Kcal/kWh for the year 2001-01.

5.3 The operating station heat rate of 67.5 MW group stations are as 3243
Kcal/kWh for the year 2000-01 .

5.4 The operating station heat rate of 62.5 Mw group stations are as 3050.48
Kcal/kWh for the year 2000-01.

5.5 The operating stations heat rate of (30-140) MW combination group


stations are as 3562 Kcal/kWh for the year 2000-01 .

5.6 There is no significant improvement in operating station heat rate of the


group of 250MW, 120MW, 110MW, 60MW, 55MW, (30-500) MW
combination and 30 MW.
Performance Review of Thermal Power Stations 2000-01 Section-13 PAGE NO 13. 5

Annex-I
2000-2001
S.No Name of Stn.-Units & Cap. MW Cap/ Design H.R Gen. (MU) Oprtg.H.R %D ev.
MW Kcal/Kwh
NORTHERN REGION
DELHI
1. IP Stn-1*36.3+62.5+1*60 284.1 2677.39 864.75 3246 21.69
2. Rajghat- 2*67.5 135 2580.35 790.51 3243 25.68
TOTAL
HARAYANA STATE
3. Faraidabad-3*55 165 2811.25 822.61 4469 58.97
4. Panipat-4*110+1*210 650 2425.00 2728.00 3257 34.31
5. G.N.Bhatinda-4*110 440 2510.19 2793.17 3056 21.74
6. GGS Ropar-6*210 1260 2259.43 8436.06 2821 24.85
Total
R.STATE
7. Kota-2*110+3*210 850 2353.55 6437.04 2657 12.89
Total
U.P.STATE
8. ObraA-5*50+3*100 550 2818.61 993.95 3090 9.63
9. Obra B-5*200 1000 2636.00 4917.61 3213 21.89
10. Anpara-3*210+2*500 1630 2358.18 11412.52 2676 13.48
11. Panki-2*110+2*32 284 2528.47 860.65 3962 56.70
12. H’Ganj-2*50+2*55+2*60+1*110 440 2830.66 705.22 5002 76.71
13. Parichha-2*110 220 2479.34 608.62 3646 47.06
Total
Total(NORTHERN REGION)
WESTERN REGION
GUJ. STATE
14. Dhuvran-4*63.5+2*140 534 2527.61
15. Ukai-2*120+2*200+1*210 850 2358.27 5380.02 2591 9.87
16. G.Nagar 660 2341.77
w.e.f. 4/98-2*120+3*210 870 2336.00 4675.50 2494 6.76
17. Sikka Rpl-2*120 240 2388.69 1107.37 2428 1.65
18. Kutch Lignite-2*70+1*75 215 2744.71 965.62 3411 24.28
19. Wanakbori-6*210 1260 2350.81
Wanakbori-7*210wef 4/2000 1470 2344.75 9223.47 2477 5.64
20. Sabarmati (A.E>)-2*30+3*110 390 2553.34 2825.15 2932 14.83
2000-2001 4035 2389.80 24177.13 2593.88 8.54
2001.02 3645 2372.30
M.P
21. Satpura-5*62.5+1*200+3*210 1142.5 2589.68
22. Satpura(Ph-II)-1*200+1*210 410 2393.5 2450.13 2817 17.69
23. Satpura(Ph-III)-2*210 420 2370.0 2780.63 2828 19.32
24. Korba East II-4*50 200 2675.86 889.22 3315 23.89
25. Korba East-III-2*120 240 2368.60 1293.63 3089 30.41
26. Hasdeo KW-(II)-20*210 U-3&4 420 2293.00 2163.68 2702 17.84
27. Hasdeo K.W. (II)-2*210 U-1&2 420 2439.00 2792.63 2704 10.87
28. Birsingpur-(I)-2*210 420 2292.83 2076.57 2830 23.43
29. Birsingpur-(II)-2*210 420 2292.83 2860.90 3086 34.59
30. Amarkantak 60 3071.00
-(I)-2*30
31. Amarkantak (Ph-II)-2*120 240 2350.4 968.97 3325 41.47
Total
(2000 onwards) 3190.0 2369.24 18276.36 2901.79 22.48
Performance Review of Thermal Power Stations 2000-01 Section-13 PAGE NO 13. 6

Annex-I Contd..
2000-2001
S.No Name of Stn.-Units & Cap. MW Cap/ Design H.R Gen. (MU) Oprtg.H.R %D ev.
MW Kcal/Kwh
MAHARASTRA STATE
32. K’Kheda-2*210 420 2274.09 2976.08 2556 12.40
K’Kheda-4*210 wef 4/2001 840 2254.35
33. Koradi-4*120+1*200+210 110 2398.85 5961.50 2733 13.93
34. Paras-1*62.5 62.5 3686.05 319.94 3151 17.31
35. Parli—2*30+3*210 690 2424.29 4544.71 2676 10.38
36. Ch’pur(MSEB)-4*210+3*500 2340 2278.18 15545.52 2365 3.81
37. Dahanu-2*250 500 2225.37 3621.42 2313 3.94
38. Bhusawal-1*62.5+2*210 482.5 2376.26 2931.20 2457 3.40
39. Nasik-2*140+3*210 910 2347.76 5842.67 2529 7.72
Total (97-2001) 6505 2330.69 41743.04 2495.96 7.09
Total (W.R)
(2000-01) 13730.0 2357.02 84196.52 2612.17 10.83
SOUTHERN REGION

A.P
40. K.gudem-4*60+4*110 680 2541.46 3863.27 3050 20.01
41. Vijaywada-6*210 1260 2301.41 10198.21 2411 4.76
42. R.Gundem-1*62.5 62.5 2616.00 443.70 2978 13.84
43. Nellore-1*30 30 2522.09 169.32 3245 28.66
44. Rayalseema-2*210 420 2223.00 3475.37 2303 3.60
Total
(2000-01 onwards) 2452.5 2345.26 18149.87 2547.98 7.73
KARNATAKA STATE
45. Raichur-5*210 1050 2277.24 8332.52 2509 10.18
Total 1050 2277.24 8332.52 2509 10.18
TAMIL NADU STATE
46. Tuticorin-5*210 1050 2343.94 7934.02 2495 6.44
47. Ennore-2*60+3*110 450 2528.21 754.23 3512 38.91
48. N.Chennai-3*210 630 2324.28
49. Neyveli—6*50+3*100 600 2739.29 4157.18 4027 47.01
50. Neveli-II—7*210 1470 2601.00 10513.77 2917 12.15
51. Metture—4*210 840 2386.00 6422.09 2517 5.49
Total
(2000-01 onwards) 7912.5 2434.38 56263.68 2722.36 11.83
EASTERN REGION
BIHAR STATE
52. Barauni-2*50+2*110 320 2532.64 321.07 4509 78.04
TOTAL
D.V.C.
53. Bokari-3*210 630 2399.35 2159.89 3774 57.29
54. Durgapur-1*140+1*210 350 2406.00983. 3552 47.63
19
55. Ch”pur (DVC)-3*140+3*120 780 2352.24 1464.69 4307 83.10

TOTAL (2000-01) 1760 2379.80 4607.773 3896.06 63.71


NTPC
56. Farakka—2*200+2*500 1400 2286.69

TOTAL (NTPC) 1400 2286.69


Performance Review of Thermal Power Stations 2000-01 Section-13 PAGE NO 13. 7

Annex-I Contd…
2000-2001
S.No Name of Stn.-Units & Cap. MW Cap/ Design H.R Gen. (MU) Oprtg.H.R %D ev.
MW Kcal/Kwh
ORISSA STATE
57. Talchar—4*62.5+2*110 460 2621.33
58. IB opgc-2*210 420 2350.37 3001.58 2358 0.32
Total
(99-2000 Onwards) 420 2350.37 3001.58 2358 0.32
W.B. STATE
59. Kolaghat-6*210 1260 2387.52
60. Bandel-4*80+1*210 530 2395.78 2128.48 3055 27.52
61. Santaldih (WBSEB)-4*120 480 2300.31 1053.22 3567 55.07
TOTAL
2000-01 Onwards 1010 2350.41 3181.7 3224.48 37.19
CESC
62. Budge Budge (CESC)-2*250 500 2261.00
63. Titagarh (CESC)—4*60 240 2659.00
64. Mulajore (CESC)—4*30 120 3420.00
65. Southern (CESC)—2*67.5 135 2707.00
66. N. Cossipore (CESC)—2*30+2*50 160 2920.00
TOTAL 1155 2607.54
TOTAL (EASTERN REGION)
2000-01 3510 2381.75 11112.127 3306.02 38.81
NORTH EASTERN REGION
67. Bongaigon—4*60 240 2748.55
TOTAL 240 2748.55
20001-01 33060.6 2408.34 193943.0 2762.56 14.71

Contd.