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PRESS FITTINGS FOR STEEL PIPE

TECHNICAL MANUAL

Phone: 877.228.9246 • Fax: 877.232.9246 • E-mail: info@cimberiovalve.com • www.fastlockfittings.com


MKT-24 • 04/11 FASTLOCK™ fittings are not currently approved for use with gas or fire protection applications.
PRESS FITTINGS FOR STEEL PIPE

TABLE OF CONTENTS
FASTLOCK™ System................................................. 2 Corrosion Resistance & Protective Coating.............. 9
FASTLOCK™ Fittings................................................. 2 FASTLOCK™ Dimensions........................................ 10
FASTLOCK™ Applications & Operating Parameters... 3 Useful Information................................................. 16
FASTLOCK™ Pipe Requirements................................ 4 Pressure Drop........................................................ 17
FASTLOCK™ Tool Requirements................................ 4 Thermal Expansion................................................ 18
FASTLOCK™ Installation Instructions......................... 5 Certification........................................................... 21
FASTLOCK™ Adapters............................................... 8 Warranty................................................................ 23
Installation Adjustments & Clearances..................... 8 Frequently Asked Questions................................... 24

FASTLOCK™ SYSTEM
The FASTLOCK™ system, which was introduced in Europe in 2002, provides a method of joining schedule 10
through schedule 40 black and galvanized ASTM A53 compliant steel pipe through a quick and easy press
connection. The FASTLOCK™ system provides a very strong and tight connection.
The press connections are made with a press tool fitted with FASTLOCK™ jaws. Current electro-hydraulic
crimping tools with a minimum force of 32kN of force equipped with FASTLOCK™ approved jaws are required.
The FASTLOCK™ system saves time and money by eliminating the need for threading dies, pipe sealants, and
pipe wrenches used in threaded systems, as well as the burn permits, welding rods, flux, sealing compound,
and protective gear used when welding. FASTLOCK™ fittings feature a hot dipped, galvanized coating for
added strength and resistance to corrosion and are available in both a black and silver finish.

FASTLOCK™ FITTINGS
FASTLOCK™ press fittings are made from malleable cast iron. The annealing process used in the manufactur-
ing of the fittings provides them with a greater malleability well suited for press connections.
During manufacturing, all FASTLOCK™ fittings are cleaned, washed, and then the galvanized fittings are
dipped in 99.99% pure, molten zinc at temperatures over 1,112˚ F. This process completely coats the fitting’s
surface inside and outside, giving them additional strength and providing a resistance to oxide corrosion. This
corrosion resistant coating makes FASTLOCK™ fittings excellent for use in drinking water systems. FASTLOCK™
fittings are NSF-61-4 certified.
FASTLOCK™ fittings ensure a tightly sealed connection utilizing Before Press Connection After Press Co
Pressing Area
a sealing gasket and stainless steel gripping ring preassembled
into each end of the fitting. Tabs on the fitting’s end retain the
EPDM Gasket EPD
sealing gasket and stainless steel gripping ring. FASTLOCK™ fit-
tings for gas use are properly identified and include an additional
copper ring to prevent leakage and fire risk and a yellow HNBR
316 Stainless Steel Ring 3
gasket. FASTLOCK™ fittings that include a black EPDM gasket
and lack a copper ring CANNOT be used for gas applications. ASTM A53 Steel Pipe A
The sealing gasket ensures the connection is air and water tight
Before Press
after pressing. The thick sealing Connection
gasket providesPressing
a wideArea
contact After Press Connection
Pressing Area
surface between the fitting and the pipe, ensuring a reliable
connection. The AISI 316L stainlessEPDM
steelGasket
ring grips the pipe and EPDM Gasket
prevents it from pulling out, even in cases of very high pressure.
The diagram to the right illustrates how the malleability of the
316gasket
fitting’s body together with the sealing Stainlessand
Steelstainless
Ring steel 316 Stainless Steel Ring
ring provide a strong and secure connection afterPipe
ASTM A53 Steel being pressed. ASTM A53 Steel Pipe

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2
PRESS FITTINGS FOR STEEL PIPE

EPDM Sealing Gaskets Stainless Steel Gripping Rings The gasket and stainless steel ring are
held in place by tabs in the fitting’s end.

FASTLOCK™ APPLICATIONS & OPERATING PARAMETERS


FASTLOCK™ fittings have an operating temperature range of 0˚ – 250˚ F and a maximum operating pres-
sure of 200 PSI. FASTLOCK™ fittings can be used for various applications including: drinking water (NSF-61-4
Certified), sanitary plumbing, HVAC, and compressed air. The table below details several applications and
whether or not FASTLOCK™ is suitable for them.

FASTLOCK™
Application Operating Parameters EPDM Application
Hot and Cold Potable Water 32˚ F – 250˚ F; Max. 200 PSI YES
Potable Water System Flushing Compliant with Major Plumbing Codes YES
Chilled Water with Corrosion Inhibitors 0˚ F – 250˚ F; Max. 200 PSI YES
Ethylene Glycol (50% Max. Concentration)
Propylene Glycol (50% Max. Concentration)
Hydronic Heating 0˚ F – 250˚ F; Max. 200 PSI YES
Ethylene Glycol (50% Max. Concentration)
Propylene Glycol (50% Max. Concentration)
Fluids

Low Pressure Steam (WARNING: Application must be 0˚ – 250˚ F; Max. 200 PSI YES
within operating parameters of FASTLOCK™ fittings)
Rainwater/Greywater 32˚ F – 250˚ F; Max. 200 PSI YES
Heating Fuel Oil -40˚ F – 180˚ F Ambient; Max.125 PSI NO
Diesel Fuel Oil Compliant with NFPA 30 and 30A NO
Process Piping
Propylene Glycol (100% Max. Concentration) 0˚ – 250˚ F; Max. 200 PSI YES
Ethylene Glycol (100% Max. Concentration) 0˚ – 250˚ F; Max. 200 PSI YES
Butylene Glycol (100% Max. Concentration) 0˚ – 250˚ F; Max. 200 PSI YES
Compressed Air with Less than 25mg/m oil content
3
0˚ F – 160˚ F Ambient; Max. 200 PSI YES
Compressed Air with Greater than 25mg/m oil content 0˚ F – 160˚ F Ambient; Max. 200 PSI
3
NO
Carbon Dioxide CO2 Dry 0˚ F – 250˚ F Ambient; Max. 140 PSI YES
Nitrogen N2 0˚ F – 250˚ F Ambient; Max. 140 PSI YES
Gases

Argon, Corgon ®
0˚ F – 250˚ F Ambient; Max. 140 PSI YES
Vacuum Max. 29.2 inches of Mercury YES
Natural Gas, Liquid Propane Gas, Mixed Fuel Gases, -40˚ F – 180˚ F Ambient; Max. 125 PSI NO
Manufactured Fuel Gases, Liquid Butane Gas
Oxygen O2 (Non-Medical) 0˚ F – 160˚ F Ambient; Max. 160 PSI YES

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04/11
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PRESS FITTINGS FOR STEEL PIPE

FASTLOCK™ PIPE REQUIREMENTS


FASTLOCK™ fittings are designed for use with systems utilizing schedule 10 through schedule 40 ASTM A53
compliant black or galvanized standard steel pipe. Use the table below to determine if the pipe you are using
is ASTM A53 compliant. Be sure to measure the pipe with a gauge to ensure that it is the correct size.

Nominal Schedule 10 Schedule 40 Too large


Pipe Size Actual Outer Wall Actual Outer Wall
ASTM A53 Diameter Thickness Diameter Thickness Pipe with proper
3/4" 1" Too small outer dimension will
½" 0.840" 0.83" 0.840" 0.109" hit the inner stop.
¾" 1.050" 0.83" 1.050" 0.113" 1/2"
1" 1.315" 0.109" 1.315" 0.133" 1"
3/4" Pipe with proper
1¼" 1.660" 0.109" 1.660" 0.140" 1/2"
wall thickness will
1½" 1.900" 0.109" 1.900" 0.145" hit the inner stop.
Stops
2" 2.375" 0.109" 2.375" 0.154"
Permissible Variations in Outside Diameter: ± 0.016"
FASTLOCK™ supplies gauges that quickly determine if a pipe is the correct size. The gauge is sized to ASTM
A53 standards for outer diameter and wall thickness. When pipe is inserted into the slots corresponding with
its nominal size, properly sized pipe will hit a visible inner stop or ridge (above). Pipe that is too small will pass
this stop and pipe that is too large won’t fit in the slot.

FASTLOCK™ TOOL REQUIREMENTS


FASTLOCK™ Jaws (Jaws, Actuators, and Collars): FASTLOCK™ fittings are for use with FASTLOCK™ approved
jaws only. FASTLOCK™ jaws are suited for use on most ½" – 2" press tools available with a press force of at
least 32kN. Jaws must be clean and handled carefully to prevent any damage that could cause malfunction.
Before making any connections, make sure that the jaws are properly mounted on the press machine.

Press Tools ½", ¾", 1" Jaws Actuator & 1¼", 1½", 2" Collars
Ridgid 100-B, RP210-B
®
NO NO
Ridgid CT-400, 320, 330
®
YES YES
REMS Power-Press (E, 2000, ACC)
®
YES YES
REMS Akku-Press, Akku-Press ACC
®
YES YES
Rothenberger Romax AC ECO
®
YES YES
Rothenberger Romax Compact
®
NO NO
Stanley Virax P20+
® ®
YES YES
Stanley Virax M20+
® ®
NO NO
Press Tool: FASTLOCK jaws must be used with an approved press tool for sizes up to 2" with a press force

of at least 32kN (7193.8 lbf) and operating either at 110 volts or on battery power. FASTLOCK™ jaws are
compatible with press tools by Ridgid®, Rothenberger®, REMS®, and Stanley® VIRAX®. Use the table above to
determine if your press tool is compatible with FASTLOCK™ jaws.
Pipe Cutter: A manual or electrical tool can be used to cut the steel pipe. The cut must be made perpendicu-
lar to the pipe’s axis. (See Installation Instructions)

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PRESS FITTINGS FOR STEEL PIPE

Deburrer: A deburrer must be used to remove any debris or metal shavings from the pipe before it is inserted
into the fitting. Failure to do so could damage the fitting’s gasket, preventing a proper seal.
Lubricant: To ease inserting the pipe into the fitting, it is recommended that you apply an approved silicone
lubricant spray to either the edge of the pipe or the inside of the fitting. Make sure that the lubricant used is
approved for use with the fitting’s EPDM gasket (the lubricant CANNOT be petroleum based) and the sys-
tem’s intended application. Soapy water may also be used to lubricate the pipe and fittings.

FASTLOCK™ Jaws (½" – 1") FASTLOCK™ Actuator & Collar Pipe Cutter Deburrer
(1¼" – 2")

FASTLOCK™ INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS


Correct installation is important to the proper functioning of any plumbing system. The following are detailed
instructions on how to correctly use FASTLOCK™ fittings to connect steel pipe. Be sure to read through all of
these instructions before completing any connections.
1. Prepare and cut the pipe. FASTLOCK™ fittings are for use with black and galvanized schedules 10 through
40 ASTM A53 compliant standard steel pipe. Using the supplied gauge or calipers, verify that the outside
diameter and wall thickness of the pipe being used conforms to the ASTM standards on the previous page.
In case of doubt, or if using old or oxidized pipe already installed, position the gauge against the pipe and
rotate it at least 90˚ to ensure the pipe’s diameter is consistent to ASTM standards. The pipe should be
free of indentations, pits, and deformations. The
pipe must also be clean and free of debris, rust,
4
scale, paint, oil, grease, or excessive coating. If
necessary, clean the pipe with a 43⁄8" x 31⁄8" piece
of Gr. 100 sandpaper by holding the sandpaper
against the pipe and buffing it in a back and forth 3 Pipe 1
motion with both hands 40 times (picture 1A).
Repeat this procedure 3 more times, rotating the
sandpaper 90˚ each time, until the complete cir- 2
cumference of the pipe has been sanded (Picture
1B). Once cleaned, re-measure the pipe to ensure 1A. Clean the Pipe 1B. Clean All Sides of Pipe
that its diameter remains consistent with ASTM
standards. If the measurement is good, cut the
pipe where it has been cleaned. The cut must be
made perpendicular to the pipe axis with either
a manual or electrical pipe cutter or hacksaw.
The pipe’s cut should be within 1⁄10 of the pipe’s
diameter.
2. Deburr the pipe. Once properly cut, deburr the
pipe’s inside and outside edges to avoid damag-
ing the fitting’s gasket. Make sure the pipe is
clean and free of debris after deburring. 1C. Cut the Pipe 2. Deburr the Pipe

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PRESS FITTINGS FOR STEEL PIPE

3. V
 erify the fitting. Before using a FASTLOCK™ Stainless
fitting, verify the presence, integrity and correct Steel Gasket
positioning of both the gasket and stainless steel Ring
gripping ring inside the fitting. Refer to picture 3B Stop
to see the correct positioning of the gasket and
stainless steel gripping ring.
4. Mark the insertion depth on the pipe. Before
inserting the pipe into the fitting, a mark must be
made on the pipe indicating the proper insertion
depth. If the pipe is not inserted to the proper 3A. Verify the Fitting 3B. Fitting Parts
depth before pressing, the connection could be
jeopardized. The table below indicates the proper
insertion depths for each size fitting. Note that
some fittings such as slip couplings and slip tees
do not have a stop and a mark must be used to
determine if the pipe has been inserted to the
proper depth.

Fitting
½" ¾" 1" 1¼" 1½" 2"
Size
Min. Pipe 4. Mark the Insertion Depth 5A. Lubricate the Fitting
Insertion 0.96" 1.12" 1.23" 1.45" 1.45" 1.45"
Depth

5. Insert the pipe. Slide the fitting onto the pipe us-
ing a gentle turning motion until the pipe makes
contact with the stop. If necessary, lubricate the
pipe or fitting with an approved silicone spray.
Soapy water may also be used as a lubricant.
Once the pipe is inserted into the fitting, verify
that the mark made on the pipe in the previous
step lines up with the edge of the fitting.
5B. Insert the Pipe 6A. Position the Jaws
6. Make the press connection. Complete the press
connection using FASTLOCK™ approved jaws in
accordance with your press tool’s instructions.
The connection must be completed using the
proper tools: a press tool with a minimum force
of 32 kN (7193.8 lbf), for sizes up to at least 2",
operating either at 110 volts or on battery power,
and equipped with FASTLOCK™ approved jaws.
Connections must be made using FASTLOCK™
aproved jaws. Make sure that the jaws are prop-
erly installed on the press tool and that they 6B. Complete the Connection 7. Verify the Connection
are free of dirt and debris. Before completing a
connection, read the section on the following page on how to properly position the jaws when making a
connection. If the jaws are not positioned correctly, it will jeopardize the integrity of the connection. With
the jaws properly positioned around the mouth of the fitting, complete the press connection following the
instructions provided by the press tool’s manufacturer.
7. Verify the connection. If you forget to press a fitting or improperly press a fitting, the gasket won’t tighten
all the way and a leak will occur. If left unpressed, FASTLOCK™ fittings will leak when pressure tested to a
minimum of 45 PSI. FASTLOCK™ jaws imprint a visible, detectable mark on fittings that have been pressed
correctly (circled in picture 7). Look for this mark on all connections to ensure that they have been com-
pleted correctly. Often a connection may be re-pressed if not pressed completely.

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PRESS FITTINGS FOR STEEL PIPE

Positioning the Jaws for a Proper Press Connection


FASTLOCK fittings must be used with FASTLOCK™ approved jaws only. The diagram below left illustrates

how to properly position the jaws to make a connection. The jaws should be perpendicular to the pipe and
fitting and centered over the fitting mouth (1). Note that in the “wrong” illustrations, the jaws are either
too far left (2), too far right (3), or not centered over the fitting’s mouth (4).
FASTLOCK™ jaws feature a ridge running around both sides of their outer edge. To ensure a proper seal
when pressing, the mouth of the fitting being pressed must be completely within the ridges of the jaws. No
part of the fitting mouth being pressed should be seen or extend beyond the edges of the jaws. If any part
of the fitting mouth extends beyond the jaws, the fitting will not seal correctly and may be damaged when
pressed. Before completing any FASTLOCK™ connections, study the diagram below right and the pictures
below for the correct way to position the jaws when making a connection.

1 2 3 4 JAWS

RIDGE RIDGE

FITTING PIPE

90˚ 90˚ 90˚ 90˚

RIDGE RIDGE
CORRECT WRONG! WRONG! WRONG!

CORRECT WRONG! CORRECT


No part of the fitting mouth being When viewed directly, the fitting mouth The fitting mouth is securely inside of
pressed can be seen beyond the jaws being pressed visibly extends to the the ridges on the jaws.
when viewed directly. left beyond the jaws.

WRONG! WRONG! WRONG!


The fitting mouth extends past the While the fitting mouth towards the While the fitting mouth towards the
ridges on the jaws. back is within the ridges on the jaw, front is within the ridges on the jaw,
the fitting mouth extends past the the fitting mouth extends past the
ridges towards the front of the jaws. ridges towards the back of the jaws.

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PRESS FITTINGS FOR STEEL PIPE

Bulging Gasket After Pressing: Occasionally, a portion of the gasket may


bulge past the fitting mouth after the fitting has been pressed. The fitting’s
gripping ring is designed to accept a range of outer pipe diameters. In
some cases, the two ends of the gripping ring do not meet after the fitting Gasket Bulge
has been pressed. In these cases the gasket expands past the ring and fills
Gripping Ring
the gap left by the gripping ring, sometimes extruding past the mouth of
the fitting. These “bulging gaskets” have been examined in depth by the
manufacturer and have been found to pose no threat of leaking.

FASTLOCK™ ADAPTERS
FASTLOCK™ fittings utilize two types of adapters: reducing adapters for
connecting to different sized pipe and threaded adapters for connecting
to threaded components. All FASTLOCK™ adapters have a plain end that
must be inserted completely into the fitting until the edge of the fitting
mouth hits the external hexagon of the adapter. In the case of female
threaded adapters, make sure the adapter’s plain end fits into the fitting’s
mouth deep enough to allow the stainless steel ring to crimp onto the
machined plain end. The press connection is completed in the same way
as for connecting pipe, making sure to press the fiting mouth and not the
Reducing Adapter Female Threaded
external hexagon of the adapter. Pictured below are some fittings that
Adapter
can be created utilizing the adapters.

½"

1" ½"
Adapter Adapter

½" 2"

1" 1"
Adapter

Reducing Adapter Used to Create a 1" x Reducing Adapter Used to Create a 2" x Female Threaded Adapter Used to Create
1" x ½" Reducing Tee ½" Reducing Coupling a 1" Female Thread x ½" Press Elbow

INSTALLATION ADJUSTMENTS & CLEARANCES


Adjustment: In some cases, it is possible to slightly turn and adjust the fitting after making a press connec-
tion. The fitting design allows a slight manual adjustment.
Clearances: Figures 1 through 4 below and on the following page show the clearances that must be main-
tained during installation to allow room for the press tool.

Figure 1 Figure 2
Size A B A B C
½" 2.64" 1.18" 3.35" 1.57" 1.97"
A A
¾" 3.15" 1.38" 3.35" 1.57" 2.16"
1" 3.15" 1.38" 3.54" 1.89" 2.16"
C
1¼" 2.76" 2.76" 2.76" 2.76" 3.15"
1½" 4.33" 2.76" 5.90" 4.33" 4.33"
B B
2" 4.33" 2.76" 5.90" 4.33" 4.33"
Figure 1 Figure 2

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PRESS FITTINGS FOR STEEL PIPE

Minimum Dimensions for Connections


(Figure 3) 1.38"

Size A B C
½" 0.20" 0.98" 2.17"
¾" 0.20" 1.10" 2.40" B A B
C
1" 0.20" 1.22" 2.64"
1¼" 0.59" 1.46" 3.39"
1½" 0.32" 1.46" 3.22" Figure 3 FIgure 4
2" 0.32" 1.46" 3.22"

CORROSION RESISTANCE & PROTECTIVE COATING


There are many kinds of corrosion (chemical, electrochemical, surface, etc.) that effect a metal’s mechanical
properties. From a chemical point of view, a metal can become corroded if it loses or gains electrons. In fact,
corrosion is the transfer of electrons from molecules of low electrochemical potential to those with high elec-
trochemical potential. An element is corroded more or less quickly according to its electrochemical potential
and its environment.
Corrosive Environments:
Wet Air: The presence of water and oxygen can corrode most metals. The more acidic the air, the more ag-
gressive the corrosion.
Varying Electrochemical Conductivity: Corrosion can occur when two metals with different electrochemical
properties are in contact with one another.
Bad Insulation: Metals located underground that are not properly insulated may become corroded from nat-
ural ground conditions, especially in areas where streams pass through the ground where the metal is buried.
FASTLOCK™ Surface Treatment
One of the most widely used methods to protect a metal’s surface from corrosion is to give it a galvanized
coating. By far, the hot dip zinc technology used in manufacturing FASTLOCK™ fittings is the best method to
protect steel and cast iron from corrosion.
Electrochemical Protection: Because it is highly compatible with oxygen, zinc can be quickly heated to cre-
ate a coating that, when applied, will prohibit corrosion. Zinc’s low electrochemical conductivity ensures that
the cast iron fitting’s surface will be protected from corrosion. The coating is thick enough to remain intact
even if the fitting is scratched.
Mechanical Protection: The hot dip zinc process ensures a highly adhesive coating, providing a robust sur-
face that is smooth, flexible and resistant to abrasion. The FASTLOCK™ ferric structure of layers of zinc coating
cast iron also contributes to the fittings’ mechanical properties. Hot dip
zinc is a unique process that produces an extremely hard and resistant Brinell Hardness Number
surface coating as evidenced in the table to the right. 0 40 80 120 160 200
The hardness of annealed cast iron is 100 Brinell. The cast iron with zinc
coating (Fe-Zn) is tougher and reaches a hardness of approximately 165 Zinc
Brinell; and therefore more resistant to abrasion. Because, the outer layers
of zinc are more malleable than cast iron, the coasting is able to absorb
hits or strikes. Fe-Zn
The galvanized surface is tougher than the cast iron itself. Even if the coat-
ing appears to be scratched off, it’s unlikely that it has been completely
removed. In fact, thin layers at the bottom of the alloy layer are melted to
the cast iron surface. So even if the entire upper layer has been scratched Cast Iron
off, the lower layer would remain and still provide resistance to corrosion.

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PRESS FITTINGS FOR STEEL PIPE

Toxicity: Unlike other materials (lead, copper, cadmium etc.), pure zinc does not present any toxicity, even
in large quantities. Possible toxicity could result from other metals in the zinc alloy, but for the hot dip zinc
processing utilized to create FASTLOCK™, 99.99% pure zinc is used, making it safe for drinking water.

Surface Damage Surface Damage Surface Damage

Zinc Coating Paint Other Metal Coatings


Zinc around the damaged point wears The damaged surface triggers a Surface damage to chromium, nickel, or
out before the cast iron because of its corrosive reaction that will continue copper coatings triggers a corrosive reac-
lower electrochemical conductivity. The to build up until repaired. tion more quickly than on uncoated mate-
corrosion is limited to the upper layer, rials. The corrosion can quickly penetrate
protecting the lower layer completely. the surface, causing critical damage.

FASTLOCK™ DIMENSIONS
For pricing and availability of the following items, refer to FASTLOCK List Price Book.

A A

Item No. 270: Coupling: Press x Press Item No. 271: Slip Coupling: Press x Press
Size A Z Weight Size A Weight
½" 2.165" 0.197" 0.265 lbs ½" 2.165" 0.262 lbs
¾" 2.520" 0.197" 0.384 lbs ¾" 2.520" 0.381 lbs
1" 2.756" 0.197" 0.503 lbs 1" 2.756" 0.500 lbs
1¼" 2.953" 0.197" 0.622 lbs 1¼" 2.953" 0.620 lbs
1½" 3.150" 0.197" 0.741 lbs 1½" 3.150" 0.739 lbs
2" 3.346" 0.197" 0.860 lbs 2" 3.346" 0.858 lbs

Item No. 276: Reducing Coupling: Press x Reduced Press


Size A B B1 Z Z1 Weight
¾" x ½" 2.440" 0.492" 0.413" 1.142" 0.984" 0.414 lbs
1" x ¾" 2.637" 0.492" 0.492" 1.279" 1.142" 0.578 lbs
B B1
1¼" x 1" 2.952" 0.492" 0.492" 1.457" 1.279" 0.893 lbs
Z Z1
1½" x 1¼" 3.188" 0.492" 0.492" 1.457" 1.457" 1.096 lbs
A
2" x 1½" 3.188" 0.492" 0.492" 1.457" 1.457" 1.389 lbs

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10
PRESS FITTINGS FOR STEEL PIPE

Z Z

A A

Item No. 272: Coupling: Press x FIPT Item No. 274: Coupling: Press x MIPT
Size A Z Weight Size A Z Weight
½" 1.890" 0.276" 0.313 lbs ½" 2.106" 0.984" 0.152 lbs
¾" 2.126" 0.236" 0.437 lbs ¾" 2.441" 1.142" 0.203 lbs
1" 2.362" 0.354" 0.560 lbs 1" 2.756" 1.279" 0.339 lbs
1¼" 2.598" 0.394" 0.683 lbs 1¼" 3.071" 1.457" 0.520 lbs
1½" 2.835" 0.472" 0.807 lbs 1½" 3.071" 1.457" 0.619 lbs
2" 3.071" 0.551" 0.930 lbs 2" 3.189" 1.457" 0.948 lbs

Z Z
A A

A B

Item No. 90: 90˚ Elbow: Press x Press Item No. 91: 90˚ Elbow: Press x Male Plain End
Size A Z Weight Size A B Z Weight
½" 1.772" 0.630" 0.414 lbs ½" 1.772" 1.535" 0.630" 0.337 lbs
¾" 2.087" 0.748" 0.611 lbs ¾" 2.087" 1.654" 0.748" 0.483 lbs
1" 2.441" 0.984" 0.836 lbs 1" 2.441" 2.008" 0.984" 0.714 lbs
1¼" 2.717" 1.142" 1.041 lbs 1¼" 2.717" 2.283" 1.142" 0.888 lbs
1½" 2.992" 1.339" 1.250 lbs 1½" 2.992" 2.638" 1.339" 1.076 lbs
2" 3.268" 1.535" 1.462 lbs 2" 3.268" 2.992" 1.535" 1.265 lbs

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11
PRESS FITTINGS FOR STEEL PIPE

Z2

Z1
Z
A
A

B B

Item No. 93: 90˚ Elbow: Press x FIPT Item No. 92: 90˚ Elbow: Press x MIPT
Size A B Z1 Z2 Weight Size A B Z Weight
½" 1.772" 1.142" 0.630" 0.551" 0.353 lbs ½" 1.772" 1.535" 0.630" 0.337 lbs
¾" 2.087" 1.299" 0.748" 0.669" 0.494 lbs ¾" 2.087" 1.654" 0.748" 0.483 lbs
1" 2.441" 1.575" 0.984" 0.827" 0.635 lbs 1" 2.441" 2.008" 0.984" 0.714 lbs
1¼" 2.717" 1.890" 1.142" 0.945" 0.776 lbs 1¼" 2.717" 2.283" 1.142" 0.888 lbs
1½" 2.992" 2.244" 1.339" 1.063" 0.917 lbs 1½" 2.992" 2.638" 1.339" 1.076 lbs
2" 3.268" 2.598" 1.535" 1.181" 1.058 lbs 2" 3.268" 2.992" 1.535" 1.265 lbs

A A
A A

A
A
Z
Z

Z Z

Item No. 130: Tee: Press x Press x Press Item No. 132: Slip Tee: Press x Press x Press
Size A Z Weight Size A Z Weight
½" 1.772" 0.630" 0.584 lbs ½" 1.772" 0.630" 0.580 lbs
¾" 2.087" 0.748" 0.796 lbs ¾" 2.087" 0.748" 0.791 lbs
1" 2.441" 0.984" 1.111 lbs 1" 2.441" 0.984" 1.107 lbs
1¼" 2.717" 1.142" 1.358 lbs 1¼" 2.717" 1.142" 1.351 lbs
1½" 2.992" 1.339" 1.620 lbs 1½" 2.992" 1.339" 1.616 lbs
2" 3.268" 1.535" 1.885 lbs 2" 3.268" 1.535" 1.878 lbs

From Cimberio Valve • Phone: 877.228.9246 • Fax: 877.232.9246 • E-mail: info@cimberiovalve.com • www.fastlockfittings.com
04/11
12
PRESS FITTINGS FOR STEEL PIPE
A A
Z Z

A1
B B
Item No. 133: Tee - Reducing: Press Run x Reduced Press Branch Z1
B1
Size A A1 B B1 Z Z1 Weight
1½" x ½" 2.283" 2.322" 0.492" 0.413" 1.457" 0.984" 1.895 lbs
1½" x ¾" 2.381" 2.519" 0.492" 0.492" 1.457" 1.142" 2.094 lbs
2" x ½" 2.283" 2.952" 0.492" 0.413" 1.457" 0.984" 2.414 lbs
2" x ¾" 2.381" 3.188" 0.492" 0.492" 1.457" 1.142" 2.579 lbs
Other sizes are available but sold as a pre-assembled 130 Tee and 247 Adapter. See FASTLOCK™ List Price Book.

A A
Z Z

Item No. 131: Tee - Reducing: Press Run x Reduced FIPT Branch
Size A A1 B Z Weight A1
B B
1" x ½" 2.106" 1.457" 0.492" 1.122" 0.857 lbs
1¼" x ½" 2.165" 1.516" 0.492" 1.457" 1.087 lbs
1½" x ½" 2.283" 1.771" 0.492" 1.457" 1.742 lbs
1½" x ¾" 2.381" 1.850" 0.492" 1.457" 1.896 lbs
2" x ½" 2.283" 2.027" 0.492" 1.457" 2.253 lbs
2" x ¾" 2.381" 2.086" 0.492" 1.457" 2.474 lbs
Other sizes are available but sold as a pre-assembled 130 Tee and 243 Adapter. See FASTLOCK™ List Price Book.

A
A
Item No. 331: U
 nion - Flat:
FIPT x Male Plain End
Item N0. 341: U
 nion - Tapered:
Item No. 300: Cap: Press FIPT x Male Plain End
Size A Weight Size A Weight
½" 1.457" 0.160 lbs ½" 2.087" 0.522 lbs
¾" 1.654" 0.262 lbs ¾" 2.244" 0.723 lbs
1" 1.772" 0.363 lbs 1" 2.480" 0.948 lbs
1¼" 2.008" 0.473 lbs 1¼" 2.795" 1.570 lbs
1½" 2.008" 0.626 lbs 1½" 2.992" 1.931 lbs
2" 2.008" 0.818 lbs 2" 3.228" 3.029 lbs

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04/11
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PRESS FITTINGS FOR STEEL PIPE

A
A

B Item No. 242: Adapter: Male Plain End x Reduced Male


Plain End
Size A Weight
¾" x ½" 1.870" 0.225 lbs
1" x ½" 2.146" 0.329 lbs
C 1" x ¾" 2.146" 0.353 lbs
1¼" x ½" 2.283" 0.465 lbs
1¼" x ¾" 2.205" 0.458 lbs
Item No. 1270: Ball Valve: Press x Press 1¼" x 1" 2.264" 0.497 lbs
Size A B C Weight 1½" x ¾" 2.342" 0.602 lbs
½" 3.5625" 1.875" 4.1875" 0.744 lbs 1½" x 1" 2.362" 0.620 lbs
¾" 3.5625" 2.0625" 4.6875" 1.076 lbs 1½" x 1¼" 2.315" 0.658 lbs
1" 4.3125" 2.25" 5.5" 1.798 lbs 2" x ¾" 2.587" 0.944 lbs
1¼" 4.3125" 2.5625" 6.1875" 2.68 lbs 2" x 1" 2.622" 0.960 lbs
1½" 5.9375" 3.1875" 6.6875" 3.798 lbs 2" x 1¼" 2.677" 0.997 lbs
2" 5.9375" 3.4375" 7.375" 5.656 lbs 2" x 1½" 2.661" 1.129 lbs

Z
Item No. 247: Adapter: Male Plain End x Reduced Press End
Size A Z Weight Z
A
¾" x ½" 2.185" 1.181" 0.187 lbs
1" x ½" 2.953" 1.378" 0.331 lbs
1" x ¾" 2.500" 1.319" 0.312 lbs
1¼" x ½" 3.150" 1.575" 0.441 lbs
1¼" x ¾" 3.150" 1.575" 0.463 lbs
1¼" x 1" 3.150" 1.575" 0.652 lbs
1½" x ½" 3.150" 1.575" 0.518 lbs
1½" x ¾" 3.150" 1.575" 0.549 lbs Item No. 529: Adapter: FIPT x Male Plain End
1½" x 1" 3.150" 1.575" 0.652 lbs Size A Z Weight
1½" x 1¼" 3.150" 1.488" 0.527 lbs ½" 1.614" 1.079" 0.139 lbs
2" x ½" 3.150" 1.575" 0.930 lbs ¾" 1.862" 1.307" 0.249 lbs
2" x ¾" 3.150" 1.575" 0.752 lbs 1" 2.142" 1.480" 0.348 lbs
2" x 1" 3.150" 1.575" 0.818 lbs 1¼" 2.350" 1.669" 0.542 lbs
2" x 1¼" 3.150" 1.575" 0.882 lbs 1½" 2.461" 1.779" 0.769 lbs
2" x 1½" 3.150" 1.575" 0.930 lbs 2" 2.736" 2.039" 1.060 lbs

From Cimberio Valve • Phone: 877.228.9246 • Fax: 877.232.9246 • E-mail: info@cimberiovalve.com • www.fastlockfittings.com
04/11
14
PRESS FITTINGS FOR STEEL PIPE

A Item No. 241: Adapter: Male Plain End x Reduced MIPT


Size A Weight
¾" x ½" 1.870" 0.225 lbs
1" x ½" 2.146" 0.329 lbs
1" x ¾" 2.146" 0.353 lbs
1¼" x ½" 2.283" 0.465 lbs
1¼" x ¾" 2.205" 0.458 lbs
Item No. 240: Adapter: Male Plain End x MIPT 1¼" x 1" 2.264" 0.497 lbs
Size A Weight 1½" x ¾" 2.342" 0.602 lbs
½" 1.732" 0.157 lbs 1½" x 1" 2.362" 0.620 lbs
¾" 1.850" 0.249 lbs 1½" x 1¼" 2.315" 0.644 lbs
1" 2.087" 0.419 lbs 2" x ¾" 2.587" 0.895 lbs
1¼" 2.244" 0.617 lbs 2" x 1" 2.622" 0.911 lbs
1½" 2.323 0.728 lbs 2" x 1¼" 2.677" 0.960 lbs
2" 2.677" 1.213 lbs 2" x 1½" 2.661" 1.085 lbs

Z A
Z
A

Item No. 243: Adapter: Male Plain End x Reduced FIPT


Size A Z Weight
¾" x ½" 1.035" 0.799" 0.108 lbs
Item No. 246: Adapter: FIPT x Reduced Male Plain End 1" x ½" 1.065" 0.909" 0.216 lbs
Size A Z Weight 1" x ¾" 1.065" 0.909" 0.168 lbs
¾" x ½" 1.929" 1.374" 0.225 lbs 1¼" x ½" 1.276" 1.020" 0.364 lbs
1" x ½" 2.205" 1.543" 0.329 lbs 1¼" x ¾" 1.276" 1.020" 0.348 lbs
1" x ¾" 2.205" 1.543" 0.353 lbs 1¼" x 1" 1.276" 1.020" 0.300 lbs
1¼" x ½" 2.362" 1.681" 0.489 lbs 1½" x ½" 1.295" 1.020" 0.439 lbs
1¼" x ¾" 2.362" 1.681" 0.476 lbs 1½" x ¾" 1.295" 1.020" 0.458 lbs
1¼" x 1" 2.362" 1.681" 0.543 lbs 1½" x 1" 1.295" 1.020" 0.421 lbs
1½" x ¾" 2.382" 1.681" 0.554 lbs 1½" x 1¼" 1.299 " 1.024" 0.315 lbs
1½" x 1" 2.441" 1.681" 0.600 lbs 2" x ½" 1.457" 1.081" 0.736 lbs
1½" x 1¼" 2.508" 1.681" 0.668 lbs 2" x ¾" 1.457" 1.081" 0.754 lbs
2" x 1" 2.795" 2.095" 0.857 lbs 2" x 1" 1.457" 1.081" 0.772 lbs
2" x 1¼" 2.795" 2.095" 0.888 lbs 2" x 1¼" 1.457" 1.081" 0.758 lbs
2" x 1½" 2.795" 2.095" 0.941 lbs 2" x 1½" 1.457" 1.081" 0.648 lbs

From Cimberio Valve • Phone: 877.228.9246 • Fax: 877.232.9246 • E-mail: info@cimberiovalve.com • www.fastlockfittings.com
04/11
15
PRESS FITTINGS FOR STEEL PIPE

USEFUL INFORMATION
Fractions and Decimal Equivalents
Fraction Decimal Decimal Fraction Decimal Decimal Fraction Decimal Decimal Fraction Decimal Decimal
(inches) (inches) (mm) (inches) (inches) (mm) (inches) (inches) (mm) (inches) (inches) (mm)
1/64 0.016 0.397 17/64 0.266 6.747 33/64 0.516 13.097 49/64 0.766 19.447
1/32 0.031 0.794 9/32 0.281 7.144 17/32 0.531 13.494 25/32 0.781 19.844
3/64 0.047 1.191 19/64 0.297 7.541 35/64 0.547 13.891 51/64 0.797 20.241
1/16 0.063 1.588 5/16 0.313 7.938 9/16 0.563 14.288 13/16 0.813 20.638
5/64 0.078 1.984 21/64 0.328 8.334 37/64 0.578 14.684 53/64 0.828 21.034
3/32 0.094 2.381 1/3 0.333 8.467 19/32 0.594 15.081 27/32 0.844 21.431
7/64 0.109 2.778 11/32 0.344 8.731 39/64 0.609 15.478 55/64 0.859 21.828
1/8 0.125 3.175 23/64 0.359 9.128 5/8 0.625 15.875 7/8 0.875 22.225
9/64 0.141 3.572 3/8 0.375 9.525 41/64 0.641 16.272 57/64 0.859 21.828
5/32 0.156 3.969 25/64 0.391 9.922 21/32 0.656 16.669 29/32 0.906 23.019
11/64 0.172 4.366 13/32 0.406 10.319 43/64 0.672 17.066 59/64 0.922 23.416
3/16 0.188 4.763 27/64 0.422 10.716 11/16 0.688 17.463 15/16 0.938 23.813
13/64 0.203 5.159 7/16 0.438 11.113 45/64 0.703 17.859 61/64 0.953 24.209
7/32 0.219 5.556 29/64 0.453 11.509 23/32 0.719 18.256 31/32 0.969 2.606
15/64 0.234 5.953 15/32 0.469 11.906 47/64 0.734 18.653 63/64 0.984 25.003
1/4 0.250 6.350 1/2 0.500 12.700 3/4 0.750 19.050 1 1.000 25.400

Water Pressure to Feet of Head Feet of Head to Water Pressure


PSI Feet of Head PSI Feet of Head Feet of Head PSI Feet of Head PSI
1 2.31 100 230.90 1 0.43 100 43.31
2 4.62 110 253.93 2 0.87 110 47.64
3 6.93 120 277.07 3 1.30 120 51.97
4 9.24 130 300.16 4 1.73 130 56.30
5 11.54 140 323.25 5 2.17 140 60.63
6 13.85 150 346.34 6 2.60 150 64.96
7 16.16 160 369.43 7 3.03 160 69.29
8 18.47 170 392.52 8 3.46 170 76.63
9 20.78 180 415.61 9 3.90 180 77.96
10 23.09 200 461.78 10 4.33 200 86.62
15 34.63 250 577.24 15 6.50 250 108.27
20 46.18 300 692.69 20 8.66 300 129.93
25 57.72 350 808.13 25 10.83 350 151.58
30 69.27 400 922.58 30 12.99 400 173.24
40 92.36 500 1154.48 40 17.32 500 216.55
50 115.45 600 1385.39 50 21.65 600 259.85
60 138.54 700 1616.30 60 25.99 700 303.16
70 161.63 800 1847.20 70 30.32 800 346.47
80 184.72 900 2078.10 80 34.65 900 389.78
90 207.81 1000 2309.00 90 39.98 1000 433.00

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PRESS FITTINGS FOR STEEL PIPE

PRESSURE DROP
Pressure drop refers to the decrease in pressure from one point in a piping system to another point down-
stream. This is mostly caused by friction between the flowing liquid and the pipe’s inner wall. Temperature
and turns in the line, such as those created by an elbow, as well as branches in the line that converge or
divert water flows, such as those created by a tee, will affect pressure drop.
The table below details the pressure drop for water flowing through ½" – 2" schedule 40 steel pipe at a tem-
perature of 60˚ F. The friction losses are calculated using the Hazen-Williams equation with a roughness factor
(C) of 125. The same information is plotted on Graph 1 below.

Pressure Drop for Water Flowing Through 100 Feet of Schedule 40 Steel Pipe at 60˚ F
Nominal Pipe Size ½" ¾" 1" 1¼" 1½" 2"
Flow Rate Flow Rate Pressure Drop Pressure Drop Pressure Drop Pressure Drop Pressure Drop Pressure Drop
(ft3/s) (GPM) (PSI/100 ft.) (PSI/100 ft.) (PSI/100 ft.) (PSI/100 ft.) (PSI/100 ft.) (PSI/100 ft.)
0.00111 0.5 0.17 0.03
0.00223 1 0.60 0.16 0.05
0.01114 5 11.20 2.75 0.84 0.22 0.10
0.02228 10 42.40 9.99 2.99 0.77 0.36 0.11
0.04456 20 37.80 10.90 2.78 1.28 0.38
0.06684 30 23.80 5.92 2.72 0.79
0.08912 40 41.50 10.24 4.65 1.35
0.11140 50 15.66 7.15 2.03
0.13370 60 22.20 10.21 2.87
0.15600 70 13.71 3.84
0.17820 80 17.59 4.97
0.20050 90 22.00 6.20
0.22280 100 26.90 7.59

Graph 1: Pressure Drop for Water Flowing Through 100 Feet of Schedule 40 Steel Pipe at 60˚ F

45
½" 1¼"
¾" 1½"
40 1" 2"
Pressure Drop (PSI/100 ft.)

35

30

25

20

15

10

5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100
Flow Rate (GPM)

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04/11
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PRESS FITTINGS FOR STEEL PIPE

Localized Pressure Drop: The pressure drop resulting from an elbow or tee can best be understood as being
equivalent to an extra length of pipe in the system. The table below contains the equivalent length of pipe in
feet for the pressure drop caused by each use of a FASTLOCK™ 90˚ elbow and standard tee.

Pressure Drop from FASTLOCK™ Fittings in Equivalent Feet of Pipe


Nominal Size 90˚ Elbow Standard Tee (Branch) Standard Tee (Run)
½" 1.54 ft. 3.12 ft. 1.04 ft.
¾" 2.03 ft. 4.10 ft. 1.37 ft.
1" 2.59 ft. 5.25 ft. 1.75 ft.
1¼" 3.45 ft. 6.89 ft. 2.30 ft.
1½" 4.04 ft. 8.04 ft. 2.68 ft.
2" 5.15 ft. 10.27 ft. 3.45 ft.

THERMAL EXPANSION
Expansion Δ L: Each installation is affected by temperature change. Large changes cause a pipe to increase or
decrease in length. The formula for thermal expansion is ΔL = L · α · ΔT
ΔL = Total expansion (in)
L = Pipe length (ft)
α = coefficient of thermal expansion (8x10-5in/ft-F for steel)
ΔT = Temperature change (F)
This formula says that there are small changes in the length of the pipe due to temperature change. The lon-
ger the pipe and the more the temperature increases, the more the pipe will grow in length. If the pipe gets
colder, it will shrink in length by the same amount. The table below shows how much the pipe will expand
(or contract) based on its length and the temperature change. Data is given for pipe run lengths from 10' to
100' and temperature changes from 20˚ F to 200˚ F. Don’t forget to use the temperature CHANGE and not
the final temperature. If the pipe is installed in a room at 70˚ F and it heats up to 170˚ F in operation, the
temperature change is 100˚ F.

Temperature Change ΔT (˚F)


L (ft) 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200
10 0.02" 0.03" 0.05" 0.06" 0.08" 0.10" 0.11" 0.13" 0.14" 0.16"
20 0.03" 0.06" 0.10" 0.13" 0.16" 0.19" 0.22" 0.26" 0.29" 0.32"
30 0.05" 0.10" 0.14" 0.19" 0.24" 0.29" 0.34" 0.38" 0.43" 0.48"
40 0.06" 0.13" 0.19" 0.26" 0.32" 0.38" 0.45" 0.51" 0.58" 0.64"
50 0.08" 0.16" 0.24" 0.32" 0.40" 0.48" 0.56" 0.64" 0.72" 0.80"
60 0.10" 0.19" 0.29" 0.38" 0.48" 0.58" 0.67" 0.77" 0.86" 0.96"
80 0.13" 0.26" 0.38" 0.51" 0.64" 0.77" 0.90" 1.02" 1.15" 1.28"
100 0.16" 0.32" 0.48" 0.64" 0.80" 0.96" 1.12" 1.28" 1.44" 1.60"

Piping Flexibility: In the case of long pipe runs or large temperature changes it is important to include ex-
pansion joints, offsets, or loops in the line to reduce stresses induced by thermal expansion. If a pipe is held
rigidly at each end and it expands due to a hot fluid, the pipe can be overstressed and fail. In these cases, an
elbow is added to create an offset that can flex to take up the thermal expansion in the main line. Figures 5,
6, and 7 on the following pages show how changes in pipe direction can be added to reduce stresses to a
safe level. In each case, a minimum offset distance of Bd is shown as the distance between changes in direc-
tion and pipe supports that will compensate for the expansion.

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04/11
18
PRESS FITTINGS FOR STEEL PIPE

Figure 5 shows the main horizontal run at the top and a vertical ΔL
offset including a fixed pipe support. Figure 6 shows a vertical
drop from a main horizontal run. In both cases the horizontal
run is expanding and the vertical run must be long enough to Fixed Support
flex and not be over stressed. In both these cases the minimum
offset distance is calculated from:
Bd = K √De · ΔL Bd
Where
Bd = Minimum offset length (inches)
K = Material flexibility factor (45 for steel pipe) Fixed Support
De = Pipe outside diameter (inches)
ΔL = Pipe expansion (inches)
Graph 2 below is a graphical representation of this equation for Figure 5
different pipe sizes.
ΔL ΔL
Example of calculation of Bd for setup shown in Figures 5 or 6:
Main run: 1" pipe, 40' long. 190˚ F operating temperature,
70˚ F ambient. Sliding Support Sliding Support
ΔT = 190˚ F - 70˚ F = 120˚ F
ΔL = 0.38" from table on previous page
Bd = K √De · ∆L Bd
= 45 √1.315 · 0.38
= 32"
This same result can be obtained from the curve for 1" pipe in
Graph 2 below.
Sliding Support
Figure 6
Graph 2: Minimum Offset Distances for Figures 5 and 6

100

2"
90
Minimum Length Arm Offset Bd (inches)

1½"
80
1¼"

70 1"

¾"
60

½"
50

40

30

0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7
Expansion ΔL (inches)

From Cimberio Valve • Phone: 877.228.9246 • Fax: 877.232.9246 • E-mail: info@cimberiovalve.com • www.fastlockfittings.com
04/11
19
PRESS FITTINGS FOR STEEL PIPE

Additional flexibility can be obtained by using a U


shaped loop as shown in Figure 7. The same formula L/2 L/2
applies, but in this case:
K = 25
The results of the calculation for this setup are repre- Sliding Sliding
sented in Graph 3 below. Support Bd/2 Support

Bd

Figure 7

Graph 3: Minimum Offset Distances for Figure 7

100

2"
90
Minimum Length Arm Offset Bd (inches)

1½"
80
1¼"

70 1"

¾"
60

½"

50

40

30

0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7

Expansion ΔL (inches)

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04/11
20
PRESS FITTINGS FOR STEEL PIPE

From Cimberio Valve • Phone: 877.228.9246 • Fax: 877.232.9246 • E-mail: info@cimberiovalve.com • www.fastlockfittings.com
04/11
21
PRESS FITTINGS FOR STEEL PIPE

From Cimberio Valve • Phone: 877.228.9246 • Fax: 877.232.9246 • E-mail: info@cimberiovalve.com • www.fastlockfittings.com
04/11
22
PRESS FITTINGS FOR STEEL PIPE

From Cimberio Valve • Phone: 877.228.9246 • Fax: 877.232.9246 • E-mail: info@cimberiovalve.com • www.fastlockfittings.com
04/11
23
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
What is the background of FASTLOCK™ fittings? either the edge of the pipe or the inside of the fitting. Make sure that the lu-
FASTLOCK™ fittings are manufactured in Italy under the AFL trademark by bricant used is approved for use with the fitting’s EPDM gasket (the lubricant
IMS S.p.A., a division of the Casti Group. FASTLOCK™ fittings have been in CANNOT be petroleum based) and the system’s intended application. Soapy
use in Europe since 2002 under the name “Block Fittings” and are now sold water may also be used as a lubricant.
in the United States through Cimberio Valve Co. Inc. Without a stop in the fitting, how much weight can the joint take?
What applications can FASTLOCK™ fittings be used for? The weight should not exceed 2,000 lbs.
See the table on page 3 for a complete list of applications. Does the FASTLOCK™ system require the use of special valves?
What is the warranty on FASTLOCK™ fittings? No. If you prefer to use threaded valves, FASTLOCK™ provides threaded
IMS S.p.A. guarantees that the fittings will be free from defects in material adapters that will accommodate them.
and workmanship when properly installed and used under normal conditions How do I know if FASTLOCK™ jaws will work with my press tool?
for a period of fifty years from installation. See page 23. FASTLOCK™ jaws must be used with a press tool for sizes up to 2" with a
What should I do if the fittings I'm using leak? press force of at least 32kN and operating either at 110 volts or on battery
First, make sure that the fitting was pressed completely and correctly as de- power. For more information, see the table on page 4.
scribed in the installation instructions. Afterwards, if you suspect the fitting Will the jaws I use for copper and stainless steel press connections
is defective, contact Cimberio Valve Co. at 877-228-9246 within thirty days work with FASTLOCK™ fittings?
and create a warranty claim. You must remove the leaking fitting with at No. Only FASTLOCK™ approved jaws can be used with FASTLOCK™ fitting.
least 6" of pipe on each side (where applicable) and mail it at your expense
to Cimberio Valve Company, 100 Quaker Lane, Malvern, PA 19355. AFL Can a FASTLOCK™ fitting be rotated or adjusted after being pressed?
S.p.A. will inspect and test the returned product and will notify you in writing In some cases, it is possible to slightly turn and adjust the fitting after mak-
in a reasonable amount of time of the diagnosis. ing a press connection. The fitting design allows a slight manual adjustment.
How do I verify that my pipe conforms to ASTM A53 standards? It is recommended that a fitting be repressed after rotating.
Be sure to measure the pipe with a gauge before use as described in the How can I detect unpressed connections?
installation instructions. Gauges are included in the jaws sets and available Unpressed connections will leak when pressure tested to a minimum of 45
on request free of charge. In the event that the gauge is lost or missing, psi. Always increase the pressure gradually when performing any pres-
use another pipe gauge and make sure that the measurements equal those sure tests. FASTLOCK™ jaws imprint a visible, detectable mark on fittings
listed in the table on page 4. Both the outer diameter and the wall thickness that have been pressed correctly. Look for this mark on all connections to
must be measured on the pipe being used to ensure that it conforms to ensure that they have been completed correctly. Often a connection may be
ASTM A53 standards. re-pressed if not pressed completely.
Should special steps be taken when using old pipe? Is FASTLOCK™ approved for underground use?
Yes. Follow the instructions for preparing the pipe in step 1 of the installation Yes, FASTLOCK™ can be used in underground installations as long as ap-
instructions on page 5. proval is received from the local plumbing inspector.
Can a press connection be made on curved pipe? Is FASTLOCK™ compatible with the cleaning agents used to disinfect a
As long as the pipe end can be inserted into the fitting to the proper inser- new plumbing system?
tion depth, there should be no problem making a connection. Yes, as long as the procedure below is followed:
Can FASTLOCK™ be used on oval or out-of-round pipe? 1. The piping system must be flushed with potable water until the water
runs clear from all outlets.
The pipe must be measured with a gauge to ensure that it meets ASTM 2. The system must be completely sealed off and allowed to stand while
A53 standards. If the pipe conforms to ASTM A53 standards and can be filled with either a solution of water and 50 parts per million of chlorine for 24
inserted into the fitting to the proper insertion depth, it is suitable for use hours or a solution of water and 200 parts per million of chlorine for 3 hours.
with FASTLOCK™. 3. After the system has stood with the water and chlorine solution for the
How clean should the pipe be? proper amount of time, it must be flushed with water until the chlorine is
The pipe should be clean and free of debris, rust, scale, paint, oil, grease, completely purged from the system
and excessive coating. How long will the EPDM gasket last?
Will debris on the inside of the pipe affect the press connection? It is guaranteed for 50 years and will last the life of the fitting.
It is important that the interior of the pipe be free of debris. Debris and metal What is the flow rate of a FASTLOCK™ fitting?
shavings can damage the gasket of the fitting or cause further damage on The flow rate for FASTLOCK™ fittings is the same as for a comparable mal-
other parts of the line once the plumbing system is in use. leable cast iron threaded fitting. See pages 17 – 18.
How straight should the pipe be cut? What is the minimum amount of air or water pressure that would
The pipe should be cut perpendicular to its axis. The cut’s diameter should cause an unpressed FASTLOCK™ fitting to leak?
be within 1/10 of the pipe’s diameter. Unpressed FASTLOCK™ fittings will leak at pressures lower than 45 PSI.
© 2009 Cimberio Valve Company Inc.

What should I do if I accidentally cut the EPDM gasket? During lab tests, unpressed FASTLOCK™ fittings have leaked at pressures as
If the gasket is damaged the FASTLOCK™ fitting will fail to make a proper low as 7 PSI for both air and water.
connection. If the gasket is damaged you must use another FASTLOCK™ What is the minimum amount of air or water pressure that would blow
fitting with an intact gasket. an unpressed FASTLOCK™ fitting off of a pipe?
What type of lubricant can I use with FASTLOCK™ fittings? Under normal conditions, an unpressed FASTLOCK™ fitting will blow off of a
It is recommended that you apply an approved silicone lubricant spray to pipe at 29 PSI for both air and water.

From Cimberio Valve • Phone: 877.228.9246 • Fax: 877.232.9246 • E-mail: info@cimberiovalve.com • www.fastlockfittings.com
04/11