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2-130 Ventilation and air conditioning

Table 2.53 Summary of fan types

Fan type Efficiency / % Advantages Disadvantages Applications
Static Total
1 Axial-flow (without guide 50–65 50–75 Very compact, straight- High tip speed. Relatively All low pressure atmospheric
vanes through flow. Suitable for high noise level comparable air applications.
installing in any position in with type 5. Low pressure
run of ducting. development.

2 Axial-flow (with guide vanes) 65–75 65–85 Straight-through flow. Same as type 1 but to lesser As for type 1, and large
Suitable for vertical axis. extent. ventilation schemes such as
tunnel ventilation.

3 Forward-curved or multivane 45–60 45–70 Operates with low peripheral Severely rising power All low and medium pressure
centrifugal speed. Quiet and compact. characteristic requires atmospheric air and
large motor margin. ventilation plants.

4 Straight or paddle-bladed 45–55 45–70 Strong, simple impeller. Low efficiency. Rising Material transport systems and
centrifugal 60 (non- Least likely to clog. Easily power characteristic. any application where dust
shrouded) cleaned and repaired. burden is high.

5 Backwards-curved or 65–75 65–85 Good efficiency. Non-over- High tip speed. Relatively Medium and high pressure
backwards-inclined loading power characteristic. high noise level compared applications such as high
blade centrifugal with type 3. velocity ventilation schemes.

6 Aerofoil-bladed 80–85 80–90 Highest efficiency of all fan Same as type 5. Same as type 5 but higher
centrifugal types. Non-overloading fan efficiency justifies use for
characteristic higher power applications.

7 Propeller < 40 < 40 Low first cost and ease of Low efficiency and very Mainly non-ducted low
installation. low pressure development. pressure atmospheric air
applications. Pressure
development can be increased
by diaphragm mounting.

8 Mixed-flow 45–70 45–70 Straight-through flow. Stator vanes are generally Large ventilation schemes
Suitable for installing in any highly loaded due to higher where the higher pressures
position in run of ducting. pressure ratios. Maximum developed and lower noise
Can be used for higher casing diameter is greater levels give an advantage over
pressure duties than type 2. than either inlet or outlet type 2.
Lower blade speeds than diameters.
types 1 or 2, hence lower
9 Cross-flow or tangential-flow — 40–50 Straight across flow. Long, Low efficiency. Very low Fan coil units. Room
narrow discharge. pressure development. conditioners. Domestic