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Excel Review Center ECE Refresher GEAS 2 - Solutions

37. A. One cycle of an oscillation means that the particle


38. C – TIR is when all light energy is reflected started from the equilibrium position,, then moved
39. A – When the light is approaching the viewer, the tendency
of the wave is to compress. Hence, frequency will increase. to the farthest point  amplitude ,went back to equilibrium,
40. B – Image is formed in front of retina means that the person then moved to the farthest point amplitude  in the
is nearsighted
41. D – All types of mirrors CAN produce virtual/upright images opposite direction, and finally went back to equilibrium
42. B – Diverging mirrors, as well as lenses, ONLY produce again. Meaning, one cycle covers a distance of 4A.
virtual/upright images
43. B Since one cycle has 2 seconds,
44. A
2s 3s
45. C 
A. Isochoric and adiabatic – Otto 4A x
B. Isobaric and adiabatic – Brayton x  6A  Ans
C. Isothermal and adiabatic – Carnot
D. Isothermal and isochoric – Stirling
46. B 53. A particle makes SHM along a straight line and its velocity
47. B when passing through points 3 and 4 cm from the center of
its path is 16 and 12 cm/s, respectively. Find the amplitude
48. What is the volume occupied by 7.40 g of ammonia at STP? and the time period of motion.
NH3  17 g / mol E1  E2
m 1 1 1 1
PV  nRT  RT mv 2  kx12  mv 22  kx 22
MM 2 1 2 2 2
7.40
1 V   17 0.0821 273 m 16   k  3   m 12   k  4 
2 2 2 2

V  9.75 L  Ans 256m  9k  144m  16k


112m  7k
m 1
49. A particle moving in the xy-plane has velocity components 
k 16
dx/dt = 6 + 2t and dy/dt = 4 + t where x and y are measured
in metres and t in seconds. Find the magnitude of the m 1
T  2  2  1.57 s  Ans
acceleration and its direction with respect to the x-axis. k 16

dx dy
vx   6  2t vy   4t E1  E3
dt dt
dv dv 1 1 1
ax  x  2 ay  y  1 mv 2  kx 2  kA 2
dt dt 2 1 2 1 2
m 16   k  3   k  A 
2 2 2

a  ax 2  ay 2  22  12  5  Ans 256m  9k  kA 2
 ay 
  tan1  1  1 
  tan    26.56  Ans
256m  k A 2  9  
 ax  2 m A 9 1 2
 
k 256 16
50. A 2-m long pendulum is pulled aside then released. What is A  5 cm  Ans
the period of the pendulum?
For a simple pendulum,
L 2 54. Two trains move away from each other at a speed of 25m/s
T  2  2  2.8s  Ans relative to the earth’s surface. One gives a 520 Hz signal.
g 9.81
Find the frequency heard by the observer on the other train
(sound velocity = 330m/s).

51. An object of mass m, on the Earth’s surface has a weight of observer - moving away
w. If it is elevated at a height two times the Earth’s Radius, source - moving away
what will be the new mass and weight?  v  vo 
f '  f  
The mass of an object is constant regardless  v  vs 
of the gravity. So, mass = m  Ans  330  25 
f '  520  
 330  25 
When elevated at a height two times the earth's f '  446.8 Hz  Ans
radius, the distance will be tripled. Since the
gravity is inversely proportional to the square of
55. Heat is transferred to a heat engine from a furnace at a rate
the distance, the new gravity is 1/9 of the original
of 92MW. If the rate of waste heat rejection to a nearby river
gravity. So, weight = w/9  Ans. is 45MW, determine the net power output and the thermal
efficiency for this heat engine.

52. An object moves according to x = A sin πt, where x is Pout Pin  Ploss 92  45
displacement and t is time. What is the distance traveled by   
Pin Pin 92
the object is 3.0 s?
  51.09%  Ans
The period of the oscillation is
2 2
T=   2s
b 
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