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Building Services Electrical Design Support - Overview / Help

INDEX KVAR PANEL TRAY BUSBAR LIGHT CABLE


S
CAPACITOR BANK PANEL BOARD CABLE TRAY BUS

CABLES CONVERT Q.CALS MECHA

UNDER
CONSTRUCTION

Building Services_Electrical Design Support


HELP
CABLE CONV. Q.CALS MECH. HELP
S
BUS BAR LIGHTING

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MECHANICAL
MAY

HELP

YOU
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CAPACITOR BANK_kVAR RATING CALCULATION PF

###
PROJECT NAME: DATE: ###
CAPACITOR PANEL REF: PREPARED BY: ###
PROJECT NO: PAGE NO: ###
###
Load in Kilowatts Improving Power factor
Ref.No (Kw) Normal Power factor (p.f) (p.f) Required kVAR Selected kVAR ###
1 900 0.85 0.9 121.88 tanØ1
2 500 0.7 0.9 267.94
3 900 0.5 0.8 883.85 ###
###
4 #N/A ###
5 #N/A ###
6 #N/A ###
7 #N/A
8 #N/A ###
###
9 #N/A ###
###
###
Grand Total #N/A
###
###
Formulae ###
kVAR = P x ( tanØ1 - tanØ2) ###
###
Where as,

P - Power in watts Comments ###


###
tanØ1 = tan(cos-1 p.f) Approved ###

tanØ2 = tan(cos-1 p.f) Date ###


###

###
###

BS_EDS V.Prathi
PANEL BOARD _ SIZING CALCULATION

HEIGHT 1900 PROJECT NAME: DATE:


WIDTH 2000 PANEL REF: PREPARED BY:
PROJECT NO: PAGE NO: HEIG

###

2500 Bus Coupler 800 160 Bus Chamfer 40 25 Bus Chamfer 16


###

25 40 63 16
###

40 250 125 40 25 16
###

40 25 16
###

1250 250 100 40 25 16


###

1900
40 25 16
###

40 100 40 25 16
###

125
###

25 40 25 16
###

###

###
###
Chk Avl Ht 300 Chk Avl Ht 300 250 300 300 250 300 ###
2000 ###

Comments

Approved

Date

BS_EDS V.Prathi
CABLE TRAY _ SIZE CALCULATION
PROJECT NAME: DATE:
CABLE TRAY REF: PREPARED BY:
PROJECT NO: PAGE NO:

Cable Type Cable Overall Layer1


Size in Sq.mm Diameter in mm Nos. Width
XLPE/SWA/PVC
2 Core 6mm 15.9 4 64
10mm 18 6 108
16mm 20 -
25mm 24.3 -
35mm 27.9 -
4 Core 6mm 18.7 -
10mm 21.1 -
16mm 22.9 -
25mm 29.1 -
35mm 32.1 -
50mm 32 -
70mm 37.7 -
95mm 41.7 1 42
120mm 47.1 5 236
150mm 51.4 -
185mm 56.6 -
240mm 63 1 63
300mm 68.8 -
Single Core 6491B (LSF)
10mm 6.8 -
16mm 8 -
25mm 9.8 -
35mm 11 -
50mm 13 -
70mm 15 -
-
MICC/PVC Heavy Duty
2 core 1.5mm (2H1.5) 9.6 -
2.5mm (2H2.5) 10.4 -
4mm (2H4) 11.5 -
6mm (2H6) 12.6 -
10mm (2H10) 14.4 -
4 core 2.5mm (4H2.5) 11.8 -
4mm (4H4) 13.1 -
6mm (4H6) 14.4 -
10mm (4H10) 16.5 -
16mm (4h16) 19.6 -
25mm (4h25) 22.9 -
Total Number of Cables 17
Cable width required 640 on 1 layers

Number of layers 1 Comments

Tolerance 25% Approved


Selected cable tray size in mm 700 Date
BUS BAR _ VOLTAGE DROP CALCULATION
CONSTANTS
Cos Ø: 0.90 PROJECT NAME: Raffles city Tower 1 DATE: 10.07.08
Sin Ø: 0.44 PART : From 25 to 17 PREPARED BY: PV KARAKTERISTIK EMPED
B
Diversitiy: 0.80 BUSBAR NO: B3 PAGE NO: 1 U
S
Utility Voltage(V) 415 PROJECT NO: 2006069 B
A
R
POWER LINE RESISTANCE REACTANCE
LENGTH BUSBAR VOLTAGE VOLTAGE
OUTLET NO CURRENT
(m) () DROP ( Vd ) DROP %E
( kW ) (A) KBC-II 1600 (Cu) ( mohm /m ) ( mohm /m )
25TH FLOOR 3.50 70 87 KBC-II 1600 (Cu) 0.02550 0.03360 0.02 0.00 ###
24TH FLOOR 3.50 60 161 KBC-II 1600 (Cu) 0.02550 0.03360 0.04 0.01 ###
23TH FLOOR 3.50 60 235 KBC-II 1600 (Cu) 0.02550 0.03360 0.05 0.01 ###
22TH FLOOR 3.50 75 328 KBC-II 1600 (Cu) 0.02550 0.03360 0.07 0.02 ###
21TH FLOOR 3.50 75 420 KBC-II 1600 (Cu) 0.02550 0.03360 0.10 0.02 ###
20TH FLOOR 3.50 70 507 KBC-II 1600 (Cu) 0.02550 0.03360 0.12 0.03 ###
19TH FLOOR 3.50 75 600 KBC-II 1600 (Cu) 0.02550 0.03360 0.14 0.03 ###
18TH FLOOR 3.50 70 686 KBC-II 1600 (Cu) 0.02550 0.03360 0.16 0.04 ###
17TH FLOOR 104.00 70 773 KBC-II 1600 (Cu) 0.02550 0.03360 5.23 1.26 ###
0 KBC-II 1600 (Cu) 0.02550 0.03360 0.00 0.00 ###
0 KBC-II 1600 (Cu) 0.02550 0.03360 0.00 0.00 ###
0 KBC-II 1600 (Cu) 0.02550 0.03360 0.00 0.00 ###
0 KBC-II 1600 (Cu) 0.02550 0.03360 0.00 0.00 ###
0 KBC-II 1600 (Cu) 0.02550 0.03360 0.00 0.00 ###
0 KBC-II 1600 (Cu) 0.02550 0.03360 0.00 0.00 ###
0 KBC-II 1600 (Cu) 0.02550 0.03360 0.00 0.00 ###
0 KBC-II 1600 (Cu) 0.02550 0.03360 0.00 0.00 ###
0 KBC-II 1600 (Cu) 0.02550 0.03360 0.00 0.00 ###
0 KBC-II 1600 (Cu) 0.02550 0.03360 0.00 0.00 ###
0 KBC-II 1600 (Cu) 0.02550 0.03360 0.00 0.00 ###
###
###
###
###
###
TOTAL : 132.00 625 5.92 1.43 ###
COMMENTS : As the voltage drop percentage is lower then 4% , the selected busbar current is correct. Result: ###
VOLTAGE DROP%E = 1.43 ###
###
###
Formulae ###

ΔV = α√3.L.I(R.Cos Ø + X1.Sin Ø) 10 ¯³ [V] ###


###
Where as, ###
ΔV = Voltage Drop (V) R = Resistance (mΩ/m) ###

α = Load Distribution Constant X1 = Inductive Reactance (mΩ/m) Comments ###

L = Line Length (m) Cos Ø = Load Factor Approved ###

I = Line Current (A) Note: a constant is on amperic value Date ###


###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###

BS_EDS V.Prathi
LIGHTING _ CALCULATION

PROJECT NAME: DATE:


BLOCK REF: PREPARED BY: ###
PROJECT NO: PAGE NO: ###
###
Room Ref. Room Data Illumination Data Lumens / ###
Lumens O/P No.of Fittings Req.
Length Width Height Lux Req Wattage of Lamps Fitting Area
Kitchen 5 4 2.8 200 18 1500 7142.8571 5 ###
Dining 4 4 4 200 8 950 8113.5903 9 ###
Majlis 4 4 3 150 13 1200 4524.8869 4 ###
15 1300 0.0000 0 ###
18 1500 0.0000 0 ###
26 2000 0.0000 0 ###
30 2650 0.0000 0 ###
40 3000 0.0000 0 ###
50 4800 0.0000 0 ###
70 5800 0.0000 0 ###
80 7350 0.0000 0 ###
90 8000 0.0000 0 ###
###
###
###
Total Lumens O/P (Required) 19781.3343 ###
Total Number of Fittings (Required) 18 ###
###
Formulae ###
Lumens O/P = Lux(Req.) x Area / M.F x U.F ###
###
Where as, ###

M.F = Maintenance Factor Comments ###

U.F = Utilisation Factor Approved ###

R.I = Area x (Length x Breadth) / Height x (Length + Breadth) Date ###


###
###
###
CABLE SELECTION CURRENT RATING_VOLTAGE DROP_PROTECTIVE CONDUCTOR

PROJECT NAME: DATE:


BLOCK REF: PREPARED BY:
PROJECT NO: PAGE NO:

Distribution Board Reference


Circuit Number
Type
Design Current Ib 2
Type of Cable
Type of Protective Device
Protective Device Rating In 2
Correction Factors:
Ca - Ambient Temp 3
Ci - Thermal Insulation 4
Cp - Protection Device 5
Single Circuit Current Rating In/Ca x Ci x Cp = It 0.0333333333
Groups of Circuits (other than BS3036 fuses)
Number of circuits (where Ib > 0.3 x Cg x Ib)
Group Rating Factor "Cg" =(from table 4B1, 4B2,
4B3) 5

Are Circuits Liable to Simultaneous Overload? Y/N n


It ≥ 1.4686047801
Minimum Conductor Rating = Largest It/Ca x Ci = 0.1223837317
Cable size chosen mm2
Maximum Permissable Voltage Drop
Length of Run (metres) 88
mV/A/m Parameter of Cable 8
Actual Voltage Drop: (Ib x L x mV/A/m) /1000 V 1.408
Phase Conductor Resistance ohms/m
Resistance R1 ohms 44
Maximum Disconnection Time 0.4s or 5s
Maximum Zs ohms
CPC constant "K" (BS7671)
CPC ohms/m
Resistance R2 ohms 8
Ze 9
Actual Zs ohms (Radial) Zs = Ze + R1 + R2 61
Actual Zs ohms (Ring) Zs = Ze + 0.25(R1 + R2) 22
Is Actual Zs ¿ Maximum Zs ? If NO, recalculate
If = Uo/Actual Zs
Time t from Appendix 3 (BS7671) sec. 8
I= 2
k= 3
Minimum Size of CPC mm2 3.2659863237
Actual Size of CPC
Actual Size Acceptable? Y/N
If NO increase CPC size to mm2

Comments

Approved

Date
Electrical Conversion P.F Power Length
Kilo watts 187.11 Three Phase 0.8 hp 1 mile 5
Ampere 329.3536856 hp (metric) 1.0139 yard 8800.00359

Volume Energy Kinematic Viscosity Dynamic Viscosity


m3 1 Btu 13650 centistoke 1 lb / ft3
centipoise 1
ft 3 35.314662471 kW . hr 4.00042052 m2 / sec 0.000001 lb / ft . sec 0.00067197

Molar Flowrate Mass Mass Flowrate Heat Flux


lb-mol / hr 1 Long Ton 1 lb / hr 1 Btu / hr . ft2 1
Mscf / hr 0.3786675 lb 2239.96911 kg / min 0.00755987 watt / m2 3.154591

Volumetric Flowrate Density Heat Transfer Coefficient Specific Energy


m 3 / hr 490 lb / ft3 1 Btu / hr . ft2 . F 1 Btu / lb 1
ft 3 / min 288.40296368 gr / cm3 0.01601846 watt / cm2 . C 0.00056783 joule / kg 2326

Pressure Area Thermal Conductivity Specific Heat


psi 14.5 m2 1 Btu / hr . ft . F 1 Btu / lb . F 1
bar 0.999739765 ft2 10.7639104 watt / cm . C 0.01730735 joule / kg . C 4186.8
INDEX KVAR PANEL TRAY BUSBAR LIGHT CABLES

Areawise Electrical load requirements.


Project Type: Residential Required Power Load in Kilowatts 0
Cooling Strategy Individual units Power Factor (P.F) 0.9
Total Area in Sq.m Required Power Load in KVA 0

Voltage Drop,Current Ratings of XLPE Multi Core Cables


Connected Load in Cable Size
Length in mtrs Total Voltage Drop (Vd) in Volts
Amps (A) in Sq.mm
130 130 4.394 185
Total Voltage Drop in % 1.0717

Voltage Drop,Current Ratings of PVC Multi Core Cables


Connected Load in Cable Size
Length in mtrs Total Voltage Drop (Vd) in Volts
Amps (A) in Sq.mm
25 120 12 10
10

Total Voltage Drop in % 2.9268

Under Construction

Generators, Switchgears, Protective Devices, ELV Solutions, Earthing, Lightning Protection, A


Standards , Codes & Advance Technology Updates
CABLES CONV. Q.CALS MECH. HELP

Approximate No. of 1.5MVA


Transformer's Required
1

Max.Current Carrying
185
Capacity of the Selected 370
cable in Amps (A)

Max.Current Carrying
10 Capacity of the Selected 47
cable in Amps (A)

, Lightning Protection, Aircraft Warnings , IP's,


ology Updates
INDEX KVAR PANEL TRAY BUSBAR LIGHT CABLES

Electric Power Conversion for Mechanical loads in Building Services


Fans Pumps

Volumetric flow Volumetric flow


liter per second (l/s) 21500 gallons per hour (imperial)

Static Pressure in millimeters 60 Head in Meters

Power Required in Kilowatts 28.67 Power Required in Kilowatts


CABLES CONV. Q.CALS MECH. HELP

mps

tric flow
650
40

0.39
INDEX KVAR PANEL TRAY BUSBAR LIGHT CABLES

Building Services Electrical Design Support - Overview / Help

Instructions
You may move from worksheet to worksheet by clicking on the blue buttons
located at the top of each worksheet or the blue tabs at the bottom of this workbook.

Enter data in only the white cells with gray borders: 81


Use the drop down boxes 4 to select the standard values

KVAR (Capacitor bank)


Create a quick and easy result for the required KVAR rating for the capacitor panel by filling out the white cells on th
Sheet. As in the calculation format fill the connected load in kilowatts ,initial Power factor (P.F) and correction Power
KVAR rating of the capacitor panel for individual sections as well Bulk. Either select the exact value or select the ne
(Comply with local regulations.)

Panel
Use this "Panel sizing calculation sheet" to get the size of the LV panel's. Use drop down box at the Top left of the fo
Use the drop down boxes in the format to get the standard ratings of the incomers & Outgoings. Select the breaker
boxes in the compartments, Note that the down side dimensions should not be "Check availabilty Height".In such a
Protective Device instead of high rated Protective device or remove (select empty ----------- indicates no compartme
/ Compartment in that particular column.

Tray
In this sheet there are two formats for the cable tray selection whereas first format will gives the exact width with ou
our local regulations) and the second format will be considered as the international standard with having the expand
more for the security reasons notified by the NFPA standards & it should be mainly considered in industrial projects

Busbar
Uses this "Busbar_ Voltage drop calculation" sheet to select the Copper busbar ratings . The constant values are c
distance & connected loads at every tapoff can be fill by rows. The Diversity factor applied by us in the white cell is c
Select the available standard ratings of bus bars by using the drop down boxes. "Increase (A) rating" indicates that
Line current, By selecting the higher size will gives the good result if the voltege drop must not exceeds the limit.

Light
Uses this “Lighting_ Calculation” to find the total lumens O/P & number of fittings required for an area by our recomm
in watts and also fill the inputs such as length, Width & height of the area in the white cells with grey borders.
Cable
In this sheet there are two format for Cable schedule. You can customize your format for the cable schedule as per

Conv.
Enter the value in white cells with grey borders & select the units by using drop down boxes for Unit conversions.

Q.Cals.
Area wise Electrical Load requirements: As per CIBSE rule of thumb we can determine the Approximate electrical lo
Ampere Transformer's required by filling total area of the project in Square meter, Also select the Type of project,Inf

Voltage drop.Current ratings of Multicore XLPE & PVC Cables : Create a quick and easy selection of cable by filling
"Quick Cals" sheet. Enter the "Amps rating,length of cable" in the white cell.Select the "Standard Cable Size"by us
in the cell. The Total Voltage drop & Percentage of Votage Drop (Vd) are calculated for you. "Increase cable size fo
can't carry the connected load, for solution Select the next size cable.
CABLES CONV. Q.CALS MECH. HELP

ng out the white cells on the "Capacitor bank_kVAR calculation"


P.F) and correction Power Factor .We will get the required
xact value or select the next available rating in the market.

box at the Top left of the format to select the height of the Panel.
oings. Select the breaker ratings by using the drop down
ailabilty Height".In such a case, Either replace the Low Rated
- indicates no compartment) any of the Protective device

es the exact width with our customised tolerance (ie as per


ard with having the expand space factor / Groupings having 50%
ered in industrial projects as well as in highrise buildings.

The constant values are common for the calculation. Floor levels,
d by us in the white cell is considered in the line current.
e (A) rating" indicates that the selected Busbar rating the
t not exceeds the limit.

for an area by our recommended lux level & type of fitting


s with grey borders.
he cable schedule as per your standard format.

es for Unit conversions.

e Approximate electrical load & Max. Number 1.5Mega Watt


lect the Type of project,Infra and fill the available power factor.

selection of cable by filling out the white cells on the


Standard Cable Size"by using the drop down menu provided
ou. "Increase cable size for CCC" indicates the selected cable

By V.Pradeesh (2007-08)