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THE SIX QUALITIES

1. KALIMATU TAYYIBA (Laa. ilaaha illa la hu muhammadu Rasullullah)

1a. Laa illaha illa laahu

Importance: The kalimat is so important that Allah Ta'ala sent about 124,000 prophets to propagate it.

Hadith:

Hadhrat Zaid bin Arqam (Radhiyallaho anho) narrates that Resulullah (Sallallaho-alaihe wasallam) had
said that one who recites (Laa illaha illa laahu) with ikhlass will enter Paradise. Somebody asked what
was the sign of ikhlaas. He explained that it prevents one from indulging in forbidden things.

Hadhrat Ibn Abbaas (Radhiallahu) says: Once Hazrat Jibreel (Alayhis salaam) came to Rasulullah (sal-
lallhu alaihe wasallam): Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihe wa- salaam) was very much worried and Jibreel said:
Almighty Allah has sent his salaam to you and has enquired why you look so sad and worried! Although
Allah knows whatever is hidden in the hearts. Yet by such enquiries Allah means to indicate honour,
respect and favours. Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) replied, "O Jibreel! I am worrid about my
ummat, as to how they will (fare) on the Day of Judgement! " "Is it about the non believers or about the
Muslims? " asked Jibreel (Alayhis salaam) "About the Muslims, " replied the prophet (Sallallahu alaihe
wasallam). Jibreel (Alayhis salaam) then took the prophet (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) along to a
graveyard where the people of the tribe od Banu salama were buried; there he stucks a grave with his
wing, and said: stand up by orders of Allah. Out of that grave, an extremely handsome man stood up,
and he was reciting

Hadhrat Jibreel (Alayhis salaam) told him to go back to his place, which he did. Then he struck another
grave with hia wing. Out of it stood up an extremely ugly person with black face and worried eyes, who
was saying, "Alas, there is nothing but sorrow, shame and horror" Hadhrat Jibreel (Alayhis salaam) told
him to go back to his place, and then explained to Resulullah (Sallallahu-alaihe wasallam), "The people
will rise up on the Day of Resurrection in the same state that they were at the time of their death."

1b. Muhammadu Rasullullaah

Importance: One who follows Rasullullaah (Sallallahu-alaihe wasallam) will be guided. Allah Ta'ala said to
prophet : Say (to mankind): if you love Allah , then follow me, Allah will love you and forgive you your
sins.

The purpose of this phrase is to spend our 24 hour life according to the way shown by Rasullullaah.

Hadith:
Abu Huraira (Radhiyallahu allaho anho) narrates that Rasullullaah (Sallallahu-alaihe wasallam) said: All of
my Ummah will enter into paradise expect he who refused. The sahaba said: O Rasullullaah! who would
refuse? He replied. He who obeyed me entered paradise, and who disobeyed me, refused!

A young nephew of Hadhrat Abdullah-bin-Mughaffai (Radhiyallahu allahu anho) was playing 'Khazaf'. He
said to him "O nephew! Stop doing that. The prophet (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) has prohibited this
play. It can neither shoot a bird nor harm an enemy it is likely to injure somebody's eye or tooth. The boy
stopped praying but, after some time when he thought that his uncle was not watching him, he started
doing it again Hadhrat Ibne-Mughaffal (Radhiyallahu) was very angry and said: " How dare you do a thing
after knowing that the prophet (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) has forbidden it?

By Allah! I will never speak to you again. I will never vist you when you are sick, nor join your funeral if
you die during my life time. "

2. SALAAT (Prayer)

Importance: All injunctions of deen have been sent to Rasullullah (Sallallahu Alaihe Wasallam) through
Jibreel (Alaihissalaam). For Salaat however, Allah Ta'ala sent Jibril (Alaihissalaam) to bring Rasullullah
(Sallallahu Alaihe Wasallam) to the seventh heaven to receive it.

Purpose: Allah Ta'ala says verily Salaat restrain (oneself) from immorality and all that is forbidden.

Hadith:

"Hadhrat Abu Zar (Radhiyallahu anho) narrates that once the Holy Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam)
came out his house. It was autumn and the leaves were falling off the trees. He caught hold of a branch
of a tree and it leaves began to drop jn large number. At this he remarked, 'O, Abu Zar! (Radhiyallahu
anho) when a Muslim offers his Salaat to please Allah, his sins are shed away from just as these leaves
are falling off this tree.

It is said about Hadhrat Abdullah bin Zubair (Radhiyallaho anho) that he remained in Sajdah for so long,
and kept so motionless therein, that birds would come and perch on his back. He would sometimes
remain in Sajdah or Ruku all night long. During an attack against him, a missile came and hit the wall of
the masjid wherein saying his Salaat. A piece of Masonry flew from the wall and passed in between his
beard and throat. He neither cut short his Salaat, nor was he the least perturbed. Once he was saying his
Salaat while his son Hashim was sleeping near him. A snake fell from the ceiling and coiled round the
child. The child woke up and shrieked, and the whole household gathered round him. They killed the
snake after a great hue and cry. Ibne Zubair (Radhiyallaho anho), calm and get quite, remained engaged
in his salaat all the while. When he had finished it, he said to his wife: "I heard some noise during my
Salaat; what was that? " His wife exclaimed: "May Allah have mercy on you! The child's life was in
danger, and you took least notice of it. " His answer was: "Had i turned my attention to anything else,
what would have remained of the Salaat? "

3a. ILM(knowledge)

Importance: Allah Ta'ala says to the nearest meaning of that know me before you worship me. Allah
Ta'ala says: And these examples we put forward for mankind, but none will understand them except
those who have knowledge (of Allah and His Signa)-Al-An Kabuut 43.

Purpose: Deeds are accepted only if done according to the way shown by Rasullullah. This can be
achieved only if true knowledge ia required.

Hadith:

Hadhrat Mu'az Bin Jabal (Radhiyallaho anho) says: The Holy Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) said,
"Those who are admitted into Paradise will not regret over anything of this world, except the time spent
without zikr in their life.

Wahab bin Munabbah says: " Abdullah bin Abbas (Radhiyallaho anho) lost his eye-sight in his old age. I
once led him to the Haram in Mecca, where he heard a group of people exchanging hot words among
themselves. He asked me to lead him to them. He greeted them with Assalamu Alaikum. ' They
requested him to sit down, but he refused said: 'May i tell you about people whom Allah holds in high
esteem? These are those whom his fear has driven to absolute silence, even though they are neither
helpless nor dumb. Rather they are possessors of eloquence and have power to speak and sense to
understand. But constant glorification of Allah's name has so over-powered their wits that their hearts
are averawed and their lips sealed. When they get established in this, they hasten towards
righteousness. Whither have you people deviated from this course? After this admonition, i never saw an
assembly of even two person in the Haram. "It is said that Hadhrat Ibne Abbas (Radhiyallaho anho) used
to weep so much with Allah's fear that the tears streaming down his cheeks had left permanent mark on
them. In this story, Hadhrat Abdullah bin Abbas (Radhiyallaho anho) has prescribed a very easy way to
righteousness. This is to mediate over the greatness of Allah. If this is done, it become very easy-to
preform all other acts of righteousness with full sincerity. Is it so very difficult to devote a few minutes,
out of the twenty four hours of a day at once disposal, to this spiritual meditation?

4. IKRAM (Generously Fulfilling the Rights of a Muslim)


Importance: No one cannot be a true believer until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself.
The purpose of IKRAM is to protect good deeds.

Hadith:

It has be reported by Abu Hurairah (Radhiyallaho anho) that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihe
wasallam) said: " Whoever conceals the sins of a Muslim, Allah will conceal his sins in this world and in
the Hereafter: and Allah helps His servant so long as he helps his brother Muslim ".
One of the Suhabah was keeping fast after fast, as he could not get anything to eat. Hadhrat Thabit
(Radhiyallaho anho) came to know of this. He told his wife: " I shall bring a guest tonight. When we sit at
the meal, the out the lamp, pretending to set it right, and you are not to eat anything until the guest has
taken his fill. "The schemes worked out. The husband and the wife sat with the guest and the simple
soul never suspected in the least that neither of them had partaken at all of the food, though their hands
and jaws seemed to be moving all right. When Hadhrat Thabit (Radhiyallaho anho) repaired to the
Prophet's (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) presence next morning, he was greeted with the happy news; " O,
Thabit! Allah has very much appreciated your entertainment of the guest last night. "

5. IKHLAS (Sincerity of Intention)

Importance: Allah Ta'ala says: Their flesh and their blood (of the sacrifices of cows, goats or camel) reach
not Allah, but your piety ( and internal aspirations towards Allah) reach him.

Purpose: To do every deed in order to please Allah.

Hadith:

It has been reported on the authority of A'sim bin Umar bin Qataada (Radhiyallaho anho) that: There
was a man ( a Confederate of Banu Zafar Clan) among us whose descent was not known to any of us, and
he was called Quzmaan. Whenever he was mentioned to Rasullullah (S. A. W), Rasullullah (S. A. W)
would say "he is among the people of hell). He (A'sim) said:" in the battle of Uhud, this man fought with
all fury and bravery and killed about eight mushriks single handedly. He was then wounded and carried
to the camp of banu Zafar. Then Muslims who visited him said to him: By Allah you have proven n your
stand today O' Quzmaan. Have a glad tiding. He said: Glad tiding of what? By Allah i have not fought
except for the honor and pride of my people: A'sim said: when the pains of the wound got so severe he
(Quzmaan) took a spear and stabbed himself dead.

6a. DA'WA (inviting towards Allah Ta'ala)

Importance: Allah Ta'ala says : And who is better in speech than him who invites (mankind) towards Allah
and does what is right, and says: Indeed! I am of those who have surrendered to him.

Importance: To bring complete Deen in our lives.

Hadith:
Hadhrat Aa-ishah (Radhiyallaho anha) says: "once the Holy Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) entered
the house and i guessed from his face that something of great importance had happened to him. He did
not talk to anyone, and after making wudhu (ablution) he entered the mosque. I stood behind the wall to
hear what he said. He sat at the pulpit and after praising Allah, he said, " O Muslims! Allah has
commanded you to call people to good deeds, and prevent them from committing sins; otherwise a time
will come when you will pray to him, but He will not listen to you; you will ask your needs of Him, but He
will not grant them; you will demand His help against your enemies, but He will not help you. After
saying this, he came down from the pulpit.

Hadhrat Bilal (Radhiyallaho anho) is one of the best known of the galaxy of Sahabah as Mu' azzin of
prophet's (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) masjid. He was an Abyssinian slave of a disbeliever in Mecca. His
conversion to islam was, naturally, not liked by his master and he was, therefore prosecuted mercilessly.
Ummay ah bin Khalaf, who was the worst enemy of Islam, would make him lie down on the limb. He
would then say to him: (Radhiyallaho anho) would exclaim: "Ahad"- The one (Allah). " Ahad"-The one
(Allah).

He was whipped at night and with the cuts thus received, made to lie on the burning ground during the
day to make him either forsake Islam or to die a lingering death from wounds. The torturers would get
tired and take turns (Abu Jahl, Umayyah and others) and vie with one another in afflicting more and
more painful punishment, but Hadhrat Bilal (Radhiyallaho anho) would not yield. At last Abu Bakr
(Radhiyallaho anho) bought his freedom, and he became a free Muslim. As Islam taught implicitly the
oneness of the Almighty Creator, while the idolaters of Mecca believed in many gods and goddesses with
minor godlings, therefore Bilal (Radhiyallaho anho) repeated: "Ahad (The One), Ahad (The one). "

6b. KHURUJ(Going in the path of Allah)

Importance: Allah Ta'ala says: As for those who strive hard in Us (Our Cause), we will surely guide them
to our paths and Verily Allah is with the good doers.

Purpose: To spread Deen

Hadith

Anas (Radhiyallaho anho) narrates that Resulullah (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) said: A morning or an
evening spent in the path of Allah is better than the world and all that it contains.

The Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) despatched towards the sea-shore an expedition of three
hundred men, under the command of Hadhrat Abu Ubaidah (Radhiyallaho anho) in 8 A. H. He gave them
a bag full of dates for their rations. They had been hardly out for fifteen days when they run short of
rations. In order to provide the contingent with food, Hadhrat Qais (Radhiyallaho anho) began buying
three camels daily from his own men, to feed the Mujahideen, with a promise to pay on return to
Madinah. The Amir seeing that the slaughter of camels would deprive the party of their only means of
transport, prohibited him to do so. He collected the dates that had been left with each person and
stored them in a bag. He would issue one date to each man as his daily ration. When Hadhrat Jabir
(Radhiyallaho anho) narrated this story to the people, one of his audience inquired. "How did you
manage to live upon one date only for the whole day" He replied: we longed even for that one date,
when the whole stock was exhausted. We were on the verge of starvation. We moistened the dry tree-
leaves with water ate them. "When they reached this stage, Allah had Mercy on them, for he always
bring ease after every hardship, provided it endured patiently. A big fish known as " Ambar" was thrown
out of the sea for them. The fish was so big that they lived on it for eighteen days altogether. They also
filled their bags with the remaining portion, which lasted them right up to Madinah. When the episode
was narrated to the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam), he said the fish was a provision arranged for
you by Allah.