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Core Thinking Skills in Sample Prompt Frames Sample Response Frames

History/Social Studies

Describe the role that (person or event) played in.... We believe that she played a key role in …. because….

Identify the primary causes and effects of the the war. The primary cause seemed to be ….

Was it causation or correlation, in the case of… It was more of a correlation than causation because….

When was the turning point? What brought this on? The turning point was…. It was caused by...

What were the long-term effects? Most likely the long-term effects were….

Was this author biased? Why? The author was likely biased because….

What did the author have to gain by writing this? It was written because….

If it wasn’t meant for future history students, why was this A missing perspective is that of….
written?
We think what really happened is… because….
Whose voice is missing?
The truth was covered up by...
What do you think really happened?
Certain groups were harmed because…
How can we support the fact that the film/book was biased?

Where did this artifact or evidence come from?

Was a person or group of people harmed by this


artifact/source/event?

From Zwiers & Crawford: Academic Conversations: Classroom Talk that Fosters Critical Think ing and Content Understandings (2011)
Core Thinking Skills in Sample Prompt Frames Sample Response Frames
History/Social Studies

So how can we apply this idea to our lives in the future? The idea that...applies to our lives today in that...

What can we learn from this character/part/story? I learned that we should...

How can you change how you think or live based on this…? We should….from now on because...

Does this text apply to anyone you know or know of?

Why do you think the author wrote this? We think the author wrote this to...

What are some themes that emerged in ... Several themes we found were...

What does that mean for us today? Even though this occurred long ago, we care still….

What can we learn from this event? We should learn this because...

What might be other interpretations? It is an important part of history because...

Why is this important to learn?

How was this important in history?


What should we remember from this…?

How did they feel during that time period? How do we know? I think they felt … because ...

Imagine you are …. What would you have done? I would have … because ...

Why do you think they did that? We think they were motivated by ...

Can we really empathize with them? Why or why not? I would like to know what they were thinking about ...

What is missing from this account?

From Zwiers & Crawford: Academic Conversations: Classroom Talk that Fosters Critical Think ing and Content Understandings (2011)
Core Thinking Skills in Sample Prompt Frames Sample Response Frames
History/Social Studies

Can you compare yourself to any person in any way? I can be like...because...

How are the two historical figures similar or different? They are similar in that…

How are the two accounts similar? They also differ in several ways. First….

How are the two events different? There seems to be a pattern of….

How do the sources compare to one another? Are they The two accounts are inconsistent in that...
consistent?

Evaluate this website/text for its bias, accuracy, and This website seems to be biased because….
usefulness.
We should use the following criteria to decide how true it
What criteria would you use to evaluate this account? is: ….

Prioritize, in order of value, the examples used to support This example seems to support our argument the most
the argument because ...

Critique the author’s omission of the … perspective. We believe that the author omitted her perspective
because ….

From Zwiers & Crawford: Academic Conversations: Classroom Talk that Fosters Critical Think ing and Content Understandings (2011)