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Universiti Malaysia Pahang Faculty of Engineering Technology


Magnetic particle testing is a relatively simple test method that can be applied to
ferromagnetic materials including finished articles, billets, hot rolled bars, castings and
forgings. Magnetic particle testing requires magnetising the piece to be examined, applying
the inspection medium or particles, and interpreting the patterns formed by the particles
when they are attracted to the magnetic leakage field created by discontinuities in the part.
Magnetic particle testing is performed using visible or fluorescent mediums; the particles
can be wet (suspended in a fluid) or in the form of a dry powder. Visible wet particles are
typically black and can be used with white contrast paint to improve visibility. Visible dry
particles are available in red, black, yellow, and grey. They may be used with contrast paint
to improve visibility. Fluorescent magnetic particle testing is more sensitive than the visible
method. It is only available as a wet method. Contrast paint is not normally used. It requires
the use of a UV-A lamp and a darkened area for viewing and interpreting indications. There
are a variety of methods used to provide the magnetic field: yoke method (indirect),
prod/clamp method (direct) and bench method – head shot (direct), coil (indirect). Typically,
magnetic particle testing will require access to a power source to create the magnetic field
and for the UV-A lamp necessary for the fluorescent medium.
Universiti Malaysia Pahang Faculty of Engineering Technology


1. Prevent the welded connection from severe leakage.

2. Identify at welded connection on surface defect.

3. Inspects the parts with irregular shapes easily.

4. Attract the particles into defects.


At the beginning pre-clean and visual check was made on the metal plate. The rag was used
to wipe the metal plate. The contrast paint was sprayed on it.

Magnetization – using electromagnetic yoke straddle the yoke on the weld

(pole spacing 100mm). Magnetic link was applied on the metal. Any longitudinal indications
was inspected and reported. We turned the yoke 45’/90’ – poles spacing 100mm.Magnetic
ink was applied.
Universiti Malaysia Pahang Faculty of Engineering Technology

Any transverse indications were inspected and reported. Finally Post – clean has been made
to metal.


Based on the experiment that was carry out in Magnetic Particle Test, the objective that we
discussed was achieved that is to identify the magnetic particle testing about the issued
defect detection and identify the magnetic field by using Electromagnetic Yoke. The
conclusion is welding between two metal plate not be perfect when there are still have gaps
and cracks. The gaps and cracks must be fill to close the cracks and gaps using the
electromagnetic yoke to get a perfect welding.
Universiti Malaysia Pahang Faculty of Engineering Technology


1. Every student ,must wear appropriate PPE ( Personal Protective Equipment ) before do
the work

2. Tidy up the lab and enlarge the lab that we can do the work with comfortable and safely.

3. explain or brief with concise about the tools that will be use in lab work to avoid the

4. Brief about safety awareness before,during and after the work.

Universiti Malaysia Pahang Faculty of Engineering Technology



Universiti Malaysia Pahang Faculty of Engineering Technology


Magnetic particle testing is a means of testing iron and steel components for surface and
near-surface defects such as cracks, laps and inclusions. It can provide information which
makes it possible to avoid premature failures and to correct manufacturing faults such as
too harsh grinding. It requires equipment which is comparatively cheap and is capable of
testing items as small as a needle or as large as the Queen Mary to a high degree of
sensitivity. It will almost certainly produce economies well above the running cost.