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THE WORK OF

REPRODUCED IN 287 ILLUSTRATION

\VJTll A BIOGH.APHIC.'\L 1NTRODUC1'JON

ABRIDGED FRO.\f

AUGUS�1· L. NIAYER

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f\ E �· \'O l{ 1\

BREN T ANO ' S


NfCNIX.\.l
111berg
}Jri11letf 111 TT111rte

CETTV MUSnJM
lHE J �AUl

LIBRARY
MURILLO
HIS LIFE AND \i\'ORK

THE easter11 part of Spain-tl1e warlike Catalo11ia and the fer·


tile Vale11cia-have always been ricl1 in thc tale11t, bt1t never i11 the
genius, of art. Still less seldom 11as the central or 111ountai11ous re­
gion produced any pai11ter of 11ote. If 've are to look for the flower
of tl1e great Spanisl1 111asters i11 art, we sl1all find tl1c111 in the su1111y
soutl1, i11 brigl1t and l1appy Ar1dalusia. And if 've are seeking for
one in vvhon1, more tl1an in any otl1er, tl1is A11dalt1sian spirit is em­
bodied, we shall find l1im in l\tlurillo.
Both on his father1s a11d his motl1er,s side, Bartolon1e Esteban
�1urillo came from a family long settled in i\.ndalusia. We are igno­
rant of the exact date of his birtl1, but '''e kno'v that l1e \lvas baptized on
Mo11day, J anuary r , r 6 r 8, i11 the Churcl1 of St. �1 agdalena, in Seville,
as the son of Gaspar Esteban l\llurillo and �1laria Perez. 1Ylt1rillo's
father died, probably in 1627, and his mother on J ant1ary 8, 1628;
so that already at the age of ten Murillo 'vas an orpha11. His gt1ar­
dia11, the surgeon J uan Augustin Lazares, married to A11na Murillo,
took the boy under his care, a11d, because of 11.is aptitude for dra\iV­
ing, sent l1im to study witl1 J t1ar1 del Castillo. This artist, thougl1
he came fron1 a l1igl1, artistic Sevillian family, vvas a painter of sn1all
atta · 1ments. Still, he vvas a good teacl1er, accon1plisl1ed in draugl1ts­
manship and co111position and, as his religious paintings sl1ovv, a
genuine Scvillian in J1is lively a11d graceful expressio11. He be­
longed to tl1at company of later Spanish ro111anticists \vl10 i111itated
the great Italian 111asters, and 'vho, \Vitl1out e\rer J1aving been in
Italy, copicd their \vorks from etcl1ings and engravings. In tl1is
respect, Castillo \vas a follo,ver of l1is contemporary, .T ua11 de Ruelas,
vvho must be considered as the founder of thc national Sevillian art
of the seventeenth ccntury. lt is evident, from tl1c carlicst extant
vvorks by I\llurillo, that tl1e young artist, like many of l1is contem­
poraries, had been an earnest student of tl1e paintings by Rt1elas;
5
111orc c pecially liuri11g tl1e )'��r� follo\vi11g 1639, vvl1en Castillo 11ad
left Sc\'illc to tal<c LI�) l1is reside11ce in Cadiz.
\\'itl1out l1i 11arc11ls to l1elp 11im, and vvitl1out tl1e sy111patl1etic
·

tcacl1ing anll co111�1ani<>11sl1ip of 11is 111a ter, l\ I u rillo, i11 1639, \\'a3
tl1r<)\\'11 t)ll l1i 0\\'11 resources. He \vas very poor, practically penni­
le·�, anLi coulLl 11c)t, 110\\'C\'er 111ucl1 J1e niay l1ave de irecl it, afford
tl1e e:-;pen c of attenlling tl1e School of Zt1rbara11, tl1e cl1icf painter of
l1i· 11ati\·c t0\\'11. He tt1rn(;d, tl1erefore, for a li\1.i11g to tl1e 111al<ing of
pictur·es fl)r sclling at tl1c" ferria" or pt1blic fairs in Seville. 1"hese
fairs \VCrc a 111arl<ct for everytl1ing tl1at \Vas cl1eap and sl1oddy, more
e �1cciall)' for daubs by street 1)ai11ters vvho l1ere rcaciily disposed for
very s111all su111s, of tl1eir wretcl1ed pict11res of saints and l\1acion11as
\\1l1icl1 \VCrc c11t to Soutl1 A111erica a11d �1Iexico tobe bougl1t tl1er!;
b:y· tl1c ncv'' con\rerts to Cl1ristianity. �lt1rillo offered J1is \Vares \Vitl1
the rc t, and 111anaged i11 tl1is vvay to rnal(e a scant livelil1ood. 111
16+::!, 110\vcver, 111oved by t11e i111prove111ent l1c !1ad een in tl1e ,,·ork
of a brotl1cr-arti t, l)edro de :\Ioya, ,,,]10 l1ad rcturncd fr<J111 a ,,j it to
tl1e Netl1erlan({, �Iurillo made up J1is 111i11d to Lio lik.e'''i e, and to go
to Flandcr or l taly for furtl1er study. \Vitl1 tl1i purpo e i11 111ind,
J1c purcl1a'cd a qt1antity of ca11vas, cut it up into piece of \'arioL1s
sizc , and covcred thcm '''itl1 pai11ti11gs. Arn1ed \vitl1 tl1e e l1e '''e11t
to tl1e \rariou dealers a11d disposed of tl1e111 for st1cl1 SL1111s a l1e cot1ld
obtai11. In tl1is 111anner J1e collecLed \vl1at l1c tl1ougl1t \VOLtld b�
encJu,�11 nio11cy to cnabtc 11ir11 to n1al<e his jot1rncy. He et ot1t for
[acirici on f()<>t, a11ci called on 11.is fello\v-to,vns111an, Velast1uez, tl1e11
in the l1eigl1t of l1is fa111e, to beg fro111 l1i111 so11·1e letters of introdt1ction
to a r t ists in R C) 111e.
Vclasqucz beca111e greatly i11terested i11 tl1c yot1ng aspirant, took
hi111 into l1is housc and obtained for l1i111 per111i sicJ11 to \Vorl( in tl1e
gall<.:rie of tl1e Spani 11 capital. :'.\I11rillo eagerly a\railed l1i111 elf
of tl1is privilcge, and very quickly rcalizcd tl1e valuc of it to J1im.
He stucliec.1 tl1c '''orl�s of Titian, Rubens a11d Van Dycl< \vitl1 all tl1e
.1-1a i<J11 of youtl1ful cntl1u ia 111, a11d it is to tl1is stuJy, no doubt, tl1at
i\l11rillo O\\'C tl1e cultivatio11 of J1i sen e for color in J.1la tic exprc -
sion Tl1e i11f1t1cnce of tl1e e great 111a ter i \rcry C\'idc11t i11 n1any
of l1i .11- ai11ting . But tl1e arti�t '''110 111ade tl1c trongc t in1pre ion
on tl1e )'OLtng tL1dc11t \Vas Ribera, and tl1e influcnce c>f tl1i Spani J1
rna tcr i evcn 111c)re n1arl<ed i11 tl1e be t \Vorl< l\Iurillo ]1imself
acl1icvcli. Jic rc111ained in �Iadrid, co�1ying the painti11g of Ri­
bcra1 Vclasq11e7, and Van Dyck, for tvvo ycar . Tl1c ot1tco111c of tl1c e
drt1dgi11g, 8ppre11ticesl1ip days, l11ay be secn in tl1e first large cot11-
6
positions of l1is ovvn \Vhich he executed for the little mo11astery of
St. Francis, on his return to Seville i11 16+5 and J 6+6. Tl1e eleve11
canvases, dcpicting tl1e legends of St. Francis, \vere so carefL1lly
treasured by tl1e 111onks of tl1e place tl1at tl1ey \Vere sl10\\1n 011ly 011
festival days, and tl1en from bet\veen 11anging draperies. These
paintings are all no\v scattered in tl1e public and private galleries
of Europe and 1\.111erica. Tl1e first of tl1ese painti11gs to be com­
pleted vvas, probably, '' '"fhe Vision of St. Fra11cis," nO\V i11 tl1e Acad­
e111y of l\tladrid. Tl1e "Angel-J(jtchen,'' i11 tl1e LoL1vre, \vl1icl1 testi­
fies botl1 to 1Vf t1rillo's po,;ver for narrative and l1is dexterity as a
painter of "still life," vvas strongly influe11ced by tl1e work. of RL1e­
Jas. 1·11e fa111ot1s rcprese11tations of the Jives of tl1e l1oly n1011ks­
'' St. Gil before Po�1e Gregory IX" a11d "St. Diego before tl1e
Crucifix "-are closely related to the style and 111anner of ZL1rbaran.
BL1t of all tl1ese pai11tings tl1e most interesti11g and also tl1e 1nost per­
sonal is tl1e ''St. Diego feeding the Poor." l\furillo 11ever surpassed
the J1ealtl1y fre l1ness and the fine, natural l1t1n1or of the saint \vl10
is l1ere sho,vn as receiving tl1e thanks of tl1e poor people for his
cl1arity. Tl1ree otl1er paintings belong to tl1is series: "The l\lonk
robbed by a B rigand " (in the possession of l\1. Ch. Baudet in Le
Havre), "Tl1e Retur11 of St. Pl1ilip '' (sold i11 1867 at tl1e Soult Sale
,
to a J\I. de Guitant), and "TI1e Exorcising of the Plague , (i11 the
possessior1 of Duke di Pozzo di Borgo, in Paris). Of these we are
unable, unfortunately, to give reproductions in tl1is volume.
Tl1e monks of tl1e mo11astery of St. Fra11cis, \Vl1en tl1ey co1n­
n1issioned l\!lurillo to decor<1te tl1e walls of tl1eir cloister, cl1ose hi111
out of tl1eir neccssity. 1"11ey \Vere a poor brotherl1ood and could nor
afford to employ tl1e better-l<no\;vn 1nasters 1Jf tl1e day. l\tlurillo
also vvas poor, a11d \Vl1e11 J1e offered 11.is services, tl1ere is no doLrbt
11e vvas ready and cvc11 eagerly '"illi11g to accept any compensation.,
provided an opportu11ity '''as given l1in1 to mal<e a bid for fame.
Wl1at tl1e monc:y re\vard \vas \ve ca11 gL1e s, but tl1c fa111e \vas n1ore
tl1a11 :\lurillo C<Juld possibly l1ave anticipated. Fron1 tl1at tin1e 011
the ricl1 of eville '''cre lavisl1 in tl1eir patronage as '''eil as tl1eir
prai e; and the bcginning of l\1urillo's great popularity reall;r dates
from the ti111e of tl1e co111pletion of tl1cse eleve11 paintings for tl1e lit­
tle Franci can 111onastcry. In l'vlay, r6+6, l\lurillo married Do11a
Beatriz de Cabrera y Soton1ayer, vvl101 in r6+8, borc l1im a daugl1ter,
Isabcl Francesca, \vho later entered tl1e Do111inica11 Con,•c11t of t11.....
Holy l'vlothcr. At thc bartis1n of l1is elde t son, Gabriel E teban,
tl1e distinguishccl Scvillian lnd fan1ous l<night of Calatrava, Don
7
l\ligu(;I Lie i\laf1ara1 stooLi. as godfathcr. 111 ycars to co111e, tl1is Do11
nliguel '''a Ol1C of l\lurillo's 1110St llllll1if-icc11t pntron . l11 1661 \VaS
bc)rn .\lt1rillo's secc)nd so11, Gaspar E teba11, '''110 latcr c111igrated
to A111crica a11Ll dicd tl1cre.
Bct,,·ec11 1650 a11d 1660 �lurillo exectr ted C\1C ral of 11 is 111aster­
l1i acco111-
J .1iccc ,,·J1icl1 e\·incc l1is genius as a colorist, a11c_i di J..1lay
J.llisl1ed ability i11 co111i10 ition. A111ong tl1c c arc tcJ be pecially
11oted tl1c " St. IsiLior '1 and tl1e " St. Lca11dcr,1• a Ct)111111i ion fro1n
tl1e Arcl1dc<lcc)n of Car111011a, Don J t1a11 FcdcrigL1i, for tl1c Catl1cdral
of ScviJlc, \vl1cre tl1ey still 11ang. '' Thc Nati\rity cJf tl1c Virgi11,"
also pai11tcd c_iuring this period. for t11e Cl1aptcr of tl1c Catl1edral,
is co11sidcreti to be one of tl1e 111ost plcasi11g cxan1plcs of l\'.Curillo's
so-called "\var1111' style. I11 l\larcl1, 1656, tl1c atrtl1oritics of tl1e
Cl1a1 Jtcr of tl1e Catl1edral gave ot1t tl1at t11cy dcsi red a great altar-

11iccc for tl1c Cl1apel of St . A11tl1ony1 to be paintet'l by" tl1e best artist
oI tl1c city." Tl1ere \vas but one i11a11 \Vl10 cotrld la)' clai111 to such a

title, a11d tl1at 111an \\1as l\1urillo. He '''as give11 tl1c <)rder by general
con c11t and on tl1c 21 t of Nove111ber of tl1e an1c year l1i giga11tic
canva '''a l1u11g. For tl1is tre111e11dou '''ork i\lurillo recei\'Cd tl1e
t11n of 10,000 real , abot1t $s20. It i onc of l1i 111ost ,,·idcly k11o'''n
painting , and i11ay still be seen in ti1e Baptistry of tl1e Catl1edral
of Sevil le.
l\rJurillo, at tl1is tirne, i11tere ted l1i111self J.;.eenly in foL1ndi11g an
Acade111y of f\ rts for l1is nati\re tO\vn. He ucceede(i i11 l1is efforts,
a11d tJ1e institution was Opened .i11 i66o. nJuril!t)'S great reJ 1. Utation
and \Vide f>0�1Ularity aSStrred 11it11 (Jf tl1e 11residency f)f tl1e orga11-
jzation; bt1t l1c 11elct tl1e office :for 011e year only. o,,·ing to tl1e jeal­
ousy and 111alcvolence of J1is rival, Valdcs IJcal, l1e 'vitl1dre\v 11is
11a111c f()r rc-clcctic)n. Btrt this did i1ot prevc11t l1i111 fro111 contint1ing
to give tl1e scl1<Jol tl1c beneflt c)f l1is cot111 cl a11d in tructio11.
In r6(>5 'ftrrillo t1ndcrtook to co111plete a erie of pai11ti11gs
de ig11cd by l1is fricnd a11d patro11. Can<)ll Df>11 .Tti�tino de Ne\'e, for
tl1e decorati<)n of tl1e Cl1t1rch of S. l\Jaria la Blanca, tl1e building
of '''l1icl1 l1ad bee11 fi11i l1ed i11 1659. The fot1rtl1 c)f tl1e e pai11tings,
an allegory of y0Lrtl1, i 110,v in tl1e po se sion of �J r. Lyne Stepl1ens,
of T.1ynford Hall, Nc)rfolk, England. All tl1e e '''Orl.;. are a111ong
tl1c arti t's l1a11pic t and n1ost impressi\re crcations. Tl1c t\\10 '''l1ich
tel 1 tl1c 11istory of tl1e Festival of Ot1r Lady of tl1c 8110,,r, are no'v
in l\fatirici1 but t11ey found tl1eir 'vay there only after 111any vicissi­
tL1dcs of fort11nc. i\l[arsl1al Soult, \Vl10 carried a'vay witl1 l1im tl1e
painti11gs in tl1e little nlonastery of St. Francis, rohbed tl1e Cl1urch
8
of S. l\rlaria la Bla11ca of its treasures also. "„fl1c Virgin of the
Conception," a11otl1er of this series, is 110\v in tl1e Louvre.
The ycars 1667 a11d 1668 vvere the most indL1strious years of
l\lurillo's life, so far as l1is \VOrk for tl1e Catl1edral of Seville \vas
concerned. He restored tl1e allegorical paintings \Vl1icl1 Pablo de
Cespedo of Cordova had some eighty years before executed. He
decorated tl1e Cl1apter Hall \\1itl1 a distinguished "Co11ception » a11d
witl1 medallion portraits of tl1e patron Sai11ts Leander, Isidor, Her­
n1engild, Pius, Lat1reanus, Ferdir1and, J usta and Rufina. At tl1is
ti111e, also, he painted the "Baptisrn of Cl1rist," wl1ich is to be see11
over his famot1s great St. A11tl1ony painti11g in the Baptistry of the
Catl1edral. Wi tl1 J t1a11 tie Valdes Leal J1e \Vas e1nployed 011 the dec­
oration of the Catl1edral, in 1671, for tl1e occasion of tl1e ca11oniza­
tion of tl1e sai11tly J(i11g Ferdinand III. }7or this sa111e occasion l1e
painted tl1e portrait of tl1e I�ing, \vhicl1 is 11ow i11 tl1e Elkins Col­
lection in N e\v York.
011 April 12, 1665, 1Vlt1rillo's narne 11ad been before tl1e Cl1apter
as a candidate for 111e111bersl1ip in tl1e i11ost select and distingt1isl1ed

Brotl1erl1ood of Seville, the Hermandad de la Caridad. He \vas


elected on .T t1ne +, i11 the same year. Of tl1is pious Brotl1erhood or
Guild, Do11 l\liguel de 1\Iai'iara, tl1e knigl1t \Vho 11ad stood godfather
to tl1e artist's eldest son, \vas also a n1e1nber. Tl1is 11oble gentlen1a11
l1ad. in 166r, retired fron1 tl1e vvorld to give hi1nself up to a life of
holiness and cl1arity, by vvay of atoneme11t for l1is previotrs life of
profligacy. Don lVIigt1el deterinined to restore the buildings of tl1e
Hospital or Hern1andad de la Caridad, a11d, vvitl1 tl1is pt1rpose i11
vievv, he we11t about col.lecting fL1nds. He st1cceed.ed in obtaining
sufficient money to warrant 11it11 ir1 givi11g 1\1[urillo tl1e commission
for painti11g cleve11 pictt1res for tl1e decoration of tl1e Chapel of tl1e
Brotl1erhood. On this commission the artist \VOrked i11dustriously
dt1ring tl1e years bet\veen 1671 a11d r67+. „fhese eleven paintings
are among the best-kno\ivn of l\1lurillo's '''orks. For t11is great labor
l\1 urillo recci,red the sun1 of $4,ooo-a 1 arge a111oun t of money ,,r11e11
compared '''itl1 tl1e $szo l1e l1ad been paid for tl1e t. Francis paint­
ings. Tl1e series pictt1re scenes frorn the Old and Ne''' Testa111ent ,
\vith the intent of fur11ishing special exarnples of decds of cl1arity a11d
beneficence. Eight of tl1ese eleven are 110\V considcred to be tl1e
masterpieces of l\[urillo. These are: « l\Ioses Striking tl1e Rock,11
the « l\,Jiracle of the Loaves and Fishes,'' botl1 of \Vl1ich are still
in tl1e cl1urcl1; tl1e «St. Peter releaseci fron1 Prison," \\rl1ich is in
the Hermitage at St. Petersburg; the "II
- ealing of tl1e Siek," no\v
9
jn tl1c Or,,·cll l)arl� Collcctio11, England; ''St. Elizabetl1 of Hun­
of tlie Prod igal Sc)n,11 in Staf­
g.tr) ,'' 111 tl1c i'rall1 >; "'l'J1c : Rctur 11
forli I Il>Lt:::.c, l„1>1llion; a11li tl1e "'fobias," ,,·J1icl1 js 110\v Jo t. Tl1e
,
.
l>rl1cr tl1rc:c ' 11a111cl\J , rl1e " Annt111c1at1011,
. , '' l 11 f ant J e u ' a11d ' I n-
'

i,111t J til111 " l1a11g u\ er tl1e altars of tl1e cl1t1rcl1. .i\It1rillo also deco-
ratcLl tl1c fal�alle 1>f tl1c I-It>�pital witl1 five Jarge tiles vvl1icl1 \Vere n1ade
fru111 Lic·ign· lur11isl1eli. by 11im .
..'.\lurillt> 11ali n<> sooner fi.ni.sl1ed tl1e '''orl< for tl1e Hospital de la
C'aridall, tl1nn l1c acccptcd a still n1ore i111porta11t co111111issio11. 'I'l1is
'"'1 ft>r thc <.:\.ccuticJn of eigl1teen pai11tings for tl1e I-Iigl1 Altar of
thc (_'J1urcl1 and tl1c �111.aller altars of tl1e Cl1al)els of tl1e Co11ve11t
uf 1J1c Ca�1uchins. l\rost of tl1ese to-day decoratc tl1e walls of tl1e
l\ft1 CU11l ()f Scville. rl'l1e great altar-11iece is l10W i11 tl1e Walraff­
Ricl1art% l u eu111 in Cologne. Tl1e ''St. l\licl1:lel „ is lost, but tl1ere
c\:i't a co�1y of it i11 the 111onastery of tl1e CapL1cl1i11s i11 Cadiz, fro111
the l1and c)f J\lcneses Os<)rio, \Vl1ich givcs a good i<ica of tl1c origi11al.
'l�J1c flainting ((110\\'11 as tl1e '' Cl1arity of St. Tl101na of Villanueva ''
i nid to bc tl1c 011e for 'v\'l1ich .i\lt1rillo l1ad a special affection-l1e •

callcd it l1i O\\'n." 1""11e little painting I�nO\v11 as tl1c" Virgi11 of tl1e
N a11kin," i bei icvcd to l1ave bee11 pai11ted on a er\riette and pre-
cr1tctl t<> tl1c CO<)k of t!1e Capucl1inia11 Ct)nvent by �IL1rillo as a ine­
n1orial c>f l1i111 elf. l t is a cl1arming 'vork.
Tl1csc \vere tl1e 111ost prolific years of tlie arti t' re1narkable
lifc anc.i carccr. Hi abot111di11gly ricl1 fancy anti crcative genit1s
sccn1ecl as if tl1c;y gre\v 111 fecundity and povver ·vvith tlie increase in
thc dc111a11tis 111adc 011 tliern. vVl1e11 tl1e cncl ciid co111e, it can1e Slld­
cienly anti c1uite unCXJ)ectedly a11d fortt1itot1sly. To tl1e year 1678
bcl<>ng tl1c scric.:s <)f �1aintings l\llurillo exect1ted ft)r tl1e Augusti11ian
:;\ f c>n a tc ry <>f tl1e Hospital of tl1e B rotl1erl1ood of tl1e Ve11erable
f"Ic>1v Onc,. r\111ong tliese is tl1e fa111ous"My tery <>f tl1e I111111acu­
late Concc�1tic>n '1 lzno-vvn as tl1e" Soult Concei1
. tion," and no"'' i11 tl1e
1
Lc1u\1re. 1-Ic al o t111dcrtoc>k: a great altar-piece for tl1e Capucl1in
Cl1t1rcl1 <>f Cadiz. Tt 'vas \vl1ile engaged on the pai11ting of tlie
"E poL1 al of St. Catl1erinc '' for tl1is cl1urcl1 tl1at �lt1rillo slipped
frc)111 tl1e caffcilding a11d feJl, injuring l1i111sclf o everel tl1at he
11e\'Cr rec<>\'Creti fron1 tl1e accident. He died at fivc o'clock of the
cvcning <>f tl1e tl1irci of Ai1ril, 16821 in tl1e arms of J1i friend and
pupil, tl1c Cl1cvalicr Padro Nt1nez de Villavicencio. Hj body 'vas
placcd <Jn thc ft>llc)\\'ing day in tl1e chapel of the CJ1urcl1 of S. Cruz,
,,·l1icl1 belcJngcd to t1 1c family of I-Iernancio de _Tacn. Ovcr tl1e altar
ii1 tl1is cl1apcl i1L1ng at tl1at tirne tl1e '' Crucifixion '' by Pedro de
10
Carnpana, a \VOrk: for -vvhicl1 �1urill(> 11aci al,vays sl10-vvn a profou11d
adn1i ration. l t is rclated tl1at 11e ''ras 011ce found sta11ding before
tl1is pai11ting in silent a11d reverent co11ten1plation. \tVl1en l1e \vas
a ked \Vl1at he \Vas doi11g he ans-vvered: '' l a1n vvaiting ttntil the sai11ts
have brougl1t dO\\'n the body of OL1r Lord."
�Iuril1o \Vas a Sevillano of Se,rillano . He \\ras tl1at in tl1e '''hole
outlook of l1is n1ind, and in l1is religioLtS se11ti111ents, as both tl1ese are
see11 expressed in tl1e forms of l1is art. In se,1ille, ITIOre tha11 in any
otl1er part of A11dalL1sia, the people crovvd and jostle eacl1 other in dra­
matic .Play. l t is tl1is dra111a of the com111011 toll( wl1.icl1 is to be seen
in �furillo's -vv<Jrks. His paintings pictt1re the natt1ral gaiety of the

nati\res and tl1eir delight in i11ere living. Tl1ey revcal the sweet kind­
ness and livcliness of tl1eir character, and give it a truJy lyrical ex­
pression. �It1rillo's ovv11 11ature \�as of tl1is qual.ity, anct it is revcaled
to us 11ot only i11 l1is ge1zre paintings, br1t .i11 l1is 111asterpieces of re­
ligious senti1ne11t \Vl1icl1 but seldon1 portray tl1e suffcring of tl1e Sa­
viour. Tl1e st1bjects 111ost dear to �Iurillo are tl1ose '''l1ich teil of
tl1e joy of parents in tl1e fan1ily Jife, tl1e n1otl1erly love of tl1e :\Ia­
don11a, tl1e S\\'eet cl1arity of tl1e bread-giving St. 'fl1omas of Villa­
nueva, tl1e l1ea,rcnly niildness and pious faitl1 of tl1c "Cl1rist on tl1e
Cros ," \vl1ere t. Francis is seen en1bracing tl1c Crucifix and ac­
cepting i t as 11 is inost precious possession. Here, i11 tl1ese appeali ng
'''orks, '''e find l\Iurillo tl1e lover of ht1111a11ity. In l1is vi ions of the
Saints and in l1is 1nany "Co11ceptio11s" vve n1ect '''itl1 l\1trrillo, tl1e
knight and tl1e n1an of chivalry, \vl10 has 11erc en1bodicd tl1e noblest
reacl1es of J1is 111ind as an expressio11 of l1is l10111age to \VOn1an. This
rTian's rcligio11 \'\'as not cor11posed of dogn1as or doctri11es. This artist
is no tl1eologian. He is sin1J.)ly a man of lovi11g-k.i11dness, for \Vl101n
religion is tl1c expressio11 of his O\Vn piot1s a11d benencent spirit. Ir1
every onc of l1is \VOrk.s J\I
1 urillo, tl1e Sevillano, is giving e.�pressio11
to hi111self. His 1\!ladonnas, 11is Child Cl1rist1 l1i saints1 \vcre tak:er1
direct fron1 tl1e J.IC<)ple of l1is native city. He niet tl1c111 i11 l1is \Valks
al<)ng tl1c sl1ado\v-painted streets and in tl1e su1111y s(1uares. He kne'v
tl1e111 and took tl1e111 to be as good and a ki nd as l1e \Vas 11i111self.
Tl1e ::\fa(ionna in tl1e Corsini Gallery at Ron1c, kn<)\\'ll a tl1c" Gipsy
l\Iadonn<J. ' ; '' Tl1e A ccn io11 '' a11d ' Conccption" in tl1e I-Ier111it­
'

age at t. i:>cter burg, tl1e "Conception ''in tl1e Cl1a11ter flall of the
Catl1edral at cville, tl1e delicate types c)f tl1c olci n1cndicant 1nc}nk.�
in l1is pc)rtraits of St. Francis of Paula and St. Felix <)f Cantalicc),
all the 1nrn ancl \\'C)111cn of these paintings 111ight bc ccn any ciay in
�[urillo's tirTic, and c\r<..: 11 any day in ot:1r O\Vll ti111e1 \vall<ing the streets
1 1
of SeviJJc. I t i' tl1is tl1at is so appealing a11d dra,vi11g i11 J\ilurillo's
art.
�luri11o's �)ainti11gs l1a\re been classified, according to tl1eir
t)·le-, inl<J rl1c cold, tl1e \\'ar111, and tl1e 111isty or vapory. Each of
tl1c c t)'lc' pr<>l)abl)' represc11ts a period of developn1cnt i11 the art­
...., < >\\ 'tl1 '· l)ut
i t', ('r ,
all 11is paintings are 111ore or less cl1aracterized
b)' <>ne t>r a C<>111binatio11 of all of tl1ese styles. All cvince a masterly
acc<>n1pli-h111cnt in tccl1nique a11d a ren1arkablc abil.ity in cornposi­
ti(>n-cs11ccially in tl1e co111position of grot1ps of figures. His sub­
jects are citl1cr takc11 fro111 real life or 11c found tl1c 111atcrial in the
Bibl<.:. '1'11c rcalis111 of l1is scenes fro111 life, \vl1ile tl1ey arc filled \Vitl1
a 11atural <ltn1<>spl1cre, are yet devoid of a profot1nd spiritual appre­
ciatic>n c>f tl1e life de11icted. lt is a superficial relatio11sl1ip tl1at is
c.x�1rcsscd in tl1c111. J\.nd tl1is lin1itation is al.so evide11t .in l1is religiot1s
paintings \Vl1crc tl1e idealis111 e111bod.ied is of a corn111onplace cl1ar­
actcr anti <>ftcn degraded by a cl1eap ser1ti111ent. )'et botl1 idealism
and entir11cnt are a1111ost al\vays raised i11 our appreciation by a lyr­
ical c1 uality \\'l1icl1 i deligl1tful a11d cl1arn1i11g. Here are tl1e qualities
\vl1icl1 acc<)Ltnt for �lurillo1s popularity. He appeals i111111ediately1
\\'itl1<>L1t tl1c ncccs·ity for an interpreter. His art evinces no niystery,
no trangcne , 110 L111to\vard11ess. Tl1e artist l1as l1ad 110 visio11s, and
ha nc> rcvclation to 111ake. He has tales to tel!, and as a teller of
talc l1e l1as fc''', if a11y, to equal l1in1 in tl1ese l1is al111ost ravisl1i11g
stor 1 c .

J t is \.YCI 1 to re111cn1ber tl1at l\tiurillo car11e <)f ordinary stock­


J1is �1arcnts '''cre poor "''orki11g people close to tl1e 11ard a11d l1arsl1
conclitic)nS c)f lifc. He l1imself l1ad k:novv11 povcrty a11d grindi.11g
'''ant ancl, f<>rlu11ate.ly b<)tl1 for tl1e ina11 and l1is art, J1ad ncver \vaxed
fat enough \Vitl1 \VCaltl1 to k:ick:-Providencc a11d fortt111e remained
aJ,yay dcitics to bc revcred. To st1cl1 a n1an tl1e l1igl1cst reaches of
tl1c i111aginatic)n take for111s such as are pleasing, co111forti11g a11d
kintily. '1'11e <>ppc)Site of an t1gly and l1ard ,·vorld is a beat1tiful
l1ea\'Cn '' l1crc c<>111pas ionate a11d beneficent saint olicit God's grace
<>n bcl1al { <> f tl1e �100r and distressed. Tl1e '''0rld i cruel, t111kind
a11d filleci '''itl1 tl1e 111isery of poverty. .i\lt1rillo's painti11g in tl1e
Du1,,·icl1 Gallcry realize 110\v keenly tl1e arti t feit tl1i . Tl1e cenes
<>f 1<>\V lifc tl1crc pictured are redole11t of 11othing bL1t sordid '''retcl1-
edncss and sc1 ualor. Bt1t over against tl1is kind of a ,,rorld is tl1e
l1eavcn <>f \vhicl1 rcligion speaks to us. Rigl1t to tl1e otl1er extreme,
tl1en, S\vings tl1e pc11dulu111 of tl1e artist's te111per, and l1ere l1e sees
everytl1ing tl1at is lovely, cl1armi11g, deligl1t-giving arid radia11t with
12

sensuous beauty. Here also 11e sl1ows us the deeply religioL1s 11atL1re
of the man for who1n his faitl1 .ir1 Catholicis111 ,;vas an abiding con1-
fort and stay.
ntJurillO \VaS I10t only a pai11ter by profession, but J1e WaS also
a painter by conviction. His art \vas to l1im almost a religion. He
fully u11derstood its value as a means of speecl1 to the people, a11d its
inftt1ence as an ir1spiring voice. It \Vas this that urged him so entl1u­
siastically to found tl1e Academy vvhere poor artists could be taught
withot1t cl1arge. He hin1self taught in it and took no re111t1neratior1

for his services; a11d it \;vas his entl1t1sias111 '''hicl1 kept tl1e institutio11
alive, for .it died with his deatl1.
Witl1 all l1is shortcorni11gs, Murillo vvas a great plastic artist­
one among tl1e greatest. As a colorist l1e l1as l1ad few eqt1als. If,
at tirnes, l1is works smack of insipidity a11d senti111e11tality, at tir11es
1nore ofter1, tl1ey breatl1e a spirit tl1at is tenderly toucl1ing \Vitl1, occa­
sionally, a strengtl1 that is almost stunning. l t is scarcely to be \von­
dered at tl1at l1is paintings should l1ave appealed so deeply to l1is ovv11
people; for they speak a language all could understar1d. N or 11eed
\Ve be surprised that tl1e people of Spain sl1ould esteen1 tl1em so high­
ly as to treasure tl1em as though they \vere sacred relics.

'

r3

H. - 1-Ieight
13. - \\Tidth

AuF HoLL=on 'vood


r\l'r LLIN\\'.>\J'<J)-Oll can\·•�!>
_\t1F ScHJEFI R=on -,Jare

1.�hc fig11re-; giving the sizc of the paintings stand for 111t'tres


MUR 1 .L L 0


--
-- ---- --�

'


I.

RELIGIÖSE GEMÄLDE

RELIGIOUS PAINTINGS TABLEAUX REL!GIEUX

J\�urillo l
'

1
\ul L�111wand

Fray Lauterio vor der Madonna, St. Franziskus und St. Dominikus
Fray Lauterio before the Madonna, Vor 1642 Fray Lautcno devant la 1'\adone,
St. Francis nnd St. Dominic Saint fran,·ois et Saint Dominique

3
<;l'villa, Mlhl'tllll
\ul 1.ci11wa11cl, 11. 1.66, B. l.Oi

Die Mercenarier-Madonna
M:nlonna of lile Mercenarios Um 1641 M ado11e des Mercenaires

f\\,i11cl1�11, Galerie l lcf11c11t:111r1

Die Heilige Familie


The f-loly Fa1nily Vor 1642 La Sainte Fa111ille

s
\ut l.�i11\v1nd

\1ision des heiligen Franziskus


Vision ol St. Francis Um 1615 rision de Saint frani;oas

6
\ladrhl, Akademie
\ut Lc111w;111d, t-1 1,711, ll. l.SI•

Vision des heiligen f;anziskus von Assisi


Vision ol St. francis or Assisi 1645 \'ision de Saint Frani;ois d'Assise

7
\\.rrlnd, ,\k:tden11.
.\uf Leint\'3.nd

Die Armenspeisung des heiligen Diego \'On Alcala


St. Diego reeds lhe i'oor 1645 Saint 01ego d Alcala dislribuant des Aun1önes

8
fruhcr Phili1> \\'. S. ,\\iles, l\ings \\'eston. Glouce;tershire Auf Lc111wnnd

St. Gil vor Gregor IX.


St. Gil before Pope Gregory IX. 1645-16·16 Saint Gil devant Gregoire IX

i\111 1 �i11w1111ll, 11. 1,(,11, II. 1,Xt

Der heilige Diego von Alcala vom Kardinalbischof von Par11ptona


in Ekstase angetroffen
St. Oiego or Alcal;i and the Saint Diego d'Alcala r11vi cn cxlasc dcva11t
Cardinal-8isltop or Pa111plona 1646 Je Caruinal·Evt-que ci{' Pa111pcl11n�

9
l t•111J1,11, '' 1�orcJ ,\ul 1c1nw:ind

Zwei Mönche
Two IV\onks Deux Moines

10

NC\\' ''ot k. Cl1ar1c„ IS. Curti�

Das Rosen\vunder des heiligen Oiego von 1\lcalü


f'he J\liracle of Roses of 16-16 Le Miracle des Roses de Sai111
St. Oiego of Alcala Oiego d'Alcala

11

""

l';1rts, 1 f)ll\'f\• ,\ul Ld11wa1ul, II l,S'I,. H �.�h

Die .Engelsktiche" ues heiligen D1ego von AILalä


Thc „A11gcl-Kitchcn" or St. Oiego of Alcala lö46 l.a .Cuisine des i\nges" de Sa111l Diego d'1\lcala
Oresden Ci�m;11uc11nlcric Au! l.t>i11\\\llld, II l,l\t, ll 1, 11,

Der Heimgang der heiligen Klara


The Death of SI. Claire l645-164(i La Mort de Sainte Clairc

w
\ul Leinwand

Die Flucht nach \gypten


The flighl to Egypt 16-11> La fuite en Egypte

14

<ic1111.1, P:1ln110 Bio11cri .\ut Lch1w311d

Die Flucht nach Ägypten


The Flight to Egypt (Ausschnitt) La Fuile en Egypte
(Detail) 1648 (Detail)

15

c.

·• Mndrid, Prado Auf Leinwand, H. l,+l, fl. 1,$8


Die Heilige Familie mit dem Vöglein
The Holy Fan1ily \vith lhe Bird 1645-1650 La Sainte Familie ä l'Oiseau
Der heilige Pedro Nolasco vor der Virgen de Ia Merced
St. Pedro Nolasco before the Virgen de la Merced Um L648-1656 St.Pedro Nolasco devan l la Virgen u e la Merced

17
l\1urillo 2
.\u Ltinwand

Htiligc 1\gnes
Sl. Agnes 16�ii-165U Sai111e A�nes

18

London, l lcrzog 1·011 \Velllngton • ,\ur L�l11\\IL111d

Die heilige Katharina


SI. Catherine 1646-1660 Sai11te C:dherinc

19
\ui Le1nw311tl, II I? II\ U. 1 '�

Der heilige Rodriguez


St. Rodrig11e1 1646-1655 Saint Rodrigue

20
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23
:\\tl11chl·11. G.tlt"ric tl�111t.·m.1r111
\ul Lcin\\.ind. II 1.7�. B. 1,22

Die Madonna vom Berge Karmel


Madonna of J\·\ount Carrnel Um 1646-1641> Jl\adone du J'v\ont Car111el

24
Pari.,., t.011\'r<-
i\tt 1 l,el nw:111d, 11. l ,f,li, n. 1.�5

Rosenkranzmadonna
Madonna of the Rosary Um 1645-1650 Vierge au Rosaire

25
l.nnllon, Sir \\'lllfam Jd,·11
,\uf Lrinwa•1d

Die i\1adonna mit dcrn Apftl


<La Virgen de la ,\\anz:ina)
JV\adonna \\'1lh tl11: Apple 1filfl-16.)5 1\\adone a Ja Pomme

26
�r11hcr wnlcrlc Aguudo Auf Leinwa11(1, �I. l,11, B. O,XG • \Vlnllk•tone l lall, Sir \V. Ede11 At1f L1!i11\\'tlllll
""'
-.J Madonna mit dem Apfel Die Madonna mit dem Rosenkranz der beschuhten l(arn1eliter
Madonna 1650-1660 JV\adone IV\adonna of the Rosary 1645-1650 Vierge au Hosaire
\Vilh the Apple ä la Po1nme of the Carmen Calzado des Carmes
.\ul Leinwand, H. l.fi�. B. 1,00

Rosenkranzmadonna
N\adonna of the Rosar\ Un1 1650 Vierge au Rosaire

28
'M;Hlrid, Prado 1\ul Lei11wm11.I, II. 1,1;1, u. 1.10

Die Rosenkranzmadonna aus dein Eskorial


The Madonna of the Rosary from the Escorial 1650-1660 Vierge au Rosaire de l'Escurial

29
Madrid, Prauo Auf Leinwnnd, II. 1,;;1, B. l,03

J\lla<.Jonna 111it sitzenden1 Christkind


l\1at.lon na 'vitl1 the Infant sitling 1655-1 l'i6.5 La Vierge et l'Enfant

30
(.,.(')lllfOll, (i;J\IC)ll f .l11tll'll ,\ul l.<'11111'111111

MalEr Dolorosn
Mother of Sorro1v 1( 65-Hii2 Ln Vicrgc des 1Ju11le111:;

31
1 hlrl'lll, l'alaz10 J•ltti \ur Leinw:intl II. 1 .'i�. B. 1,05

J\ladonna mit stehendem Christkind


The Virgin \Vilh the Inrant Cl11ist slanding 1650- tn6o La \'ierge et l'Enlant debout

32
t\ul Lcl11w1111t1, 11. J,li'), 13. 1,111

Oie Madonna l<innaird


The Kinnaird Madonna 1650-1660 Madone l<innairtl


Murillo �
33
lfa;rg, \\aurihhui� .-\uf l..:-111\\ aud, II. l,'IO, B. l,:\i

i\1adonna in den \Volken


"\adonna in lhe Clouds J 655 16li0 La Vie1ge et 1 Enfant sur les Nues
\\.1tlrid. J>r:1,I<> \111 l <'"""""t. 11 1 II, LI 1,llT

Der Apostel Jacobus maJOr


Saint Jan1es the Greater t6."i0-t6fi0 Saint Jacques Apütre

35
'l.11lrld f'r.1do ,\ul l.cin":.1111, IL !.'.!�. B. 1 06

Oie reuige 1\\agdalena


St. 1\lar\ i\\agdalen 1651l-lfh5 1\\arie-i\l adelein e

36

\uf 1 �111w.1111I, II 1.x.�. H. 1,hO

Der heilige Leander


St. Leander 1655 Saint Leandre

37
Aul Leinwand. H. l,SS, B. 1,60

Der heilige Isidor


St. Isidor 1655 Saint lsidore

38
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39
\ut Leinwand; li. ;;,;o, B. �.30

Oie Vision des heiligen Antonius


The Vision or St. Anthony 1656 La Vision de Saint Anloine

-10
Mndrid, Alrnclemie Auf l.ei1Jw1111<I, 11. :!, l:l, ll. 1,1;�

Auferstehung Christi
Resurreclion of Christ 1.650-IGGO Res urrection

41
Auf Leinw�nd

Die Verkündigung
The Annunciation L' f\nnoncialion
· Madrid, Prn<lo

Die Erziehung der heiligen Jungfrau


Educalion or lhe Virgin 1655-1665 Educatio11 de la V1erge

'13
,\u1 1 einw.111d, 11. 1,;1s, B. l,11

Die Verkündigung
The Annunciation l 6:i5-lf
,
r,5 L Annonciation

4-t
\lncl11d, Prnclo \uf Lcinwnnd. II. l,!:1, B. l,Ol

Die Verkündigung
Tltc Annunciation 1655-1665 L'Annonciation

45
.\rnstcrtlum. \\11stun1 .\ul Leinwand. 11. 0.91;, B. 0,99

Die Verkündigung
The 1\nnuncialion 1668-1675 L'Annonciation

46
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47
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48
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l.ondon. P.nrl or �orlhbroolc A11r l.cinwnnd
Das Christkind (aus einer Anbetung der Hirten)
Infant Christ (Fragrnenl of an Adoration of the Shephercts) 1665-1672 L'Enfant Jesus (Frag111ent d'une Adoration des ßergers)
,\ul tein\\and

1\\aconna della Sld1a


J\\auonna 11.ihO 11.,75 1a Vierge et l'Fnlanl

.so
(;1
Aul l.einwaucl, II. l,'lli, ll. l,i!I
-

St. i'4..'t1.•.-... llllr�. E.r111il11�t!


Die Ruhe auf der Flucl1l nach Ägypten
Rest on the f'light 1655-1670 Repos pendant la Fuile en Egypte

Auf Leinwand. 11. 1.:>6, ß l ,�ii

Die flucht nach Ägypten


Flight lo Egypt Hin0-1 fiiO fuite en Egypte

52
Die heilige Familie n1it den1 Johanneskn;iben
(Die Kreuzbinder)
Holy Family \Vilh the lnlant St. John 1660-1670 Sai11le Fa1nille �,·ec Je:111 Baplislc Enfanl

53
1 011111111, l:.11I ul ""' 1l1hr1111k \ul 1.cinW3Jld, 11 0,!9, B. 0,23

Die heilige Familie in der Schreincrwerkstatt


ll o l y Fa1111ly in the Ca1penler's Shop 1660-1680 Sainte Familie dans !'Atelier
Cl1:11<wor111, 11�r101: vo11 n1''"""11ln:

Heilige Familie
1 foly f:u1iily Salute 1:.1111illc

5.5
,\ul 1�lll\\.11Hl, 11 o.:n. B. fl,lS

Die heilige Familie


rlol\ Fa1nily 1660-16;5 SJinte Fan1ille

56

"W-'

I
""'
·�


Piirst· zu Snlm, <;alm Au( Leinwand
Die heilige Jungfrau mit dem Christkind und der heiligen Anna
\firgin, Child and St. Anna 1665-1670 La Vierge, l'Enfant et Sainte Anne
"1
0::

\uf Lcl1111'a11tl
ltn111, \'aill«lll
Die \ferlobung der heiligen Katharinn
!V\vshc \Vedcling or St. Cathern
i e 1665-lli75 /\�<1riage mystique de Sainte Catherinc
Die Vision des heili gen Bernhard
Vision or St. Bernarct 16(15-1670 Vision cle Sainl ßernard

59

,\\a;Jrltl, l'rn<I" Auf Lein\\'and

Oie Vision des heiligen Bernhard (Ausschnitt)


Vision of St. Bernard 1665- 1675 Vision de Saint Bernard
(Delai 1) (Detail}

60
llcytcsbury l lou�c. "1�1garct Lndy Mcytc>bUt) ..\111 Lc111wa11<1

Heilige Familie
Holy family 1665- 1670 Sainte fa111illc

61
\ul l.e1n\\and 11. t.�i. 1l 1,12

i\\adonna, das Christkind \vickelnd


(l.1 \'irgen de la 1a1.1)
The \'irRit1 �1v,1tldJing lhe Infant Chris t 11165-lhil1 1 a \'1erge crnrnaillolant l'Enfant

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Die heilige Familie mit dem Johanncsknabcn


f-loly Farnily with the Infant St. John 1660-1670 Sainte Farnillc avet Jean Baplistc t:nra11l

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Die heilige Familie mit dein Johannesknaben


The Holy family \Vilh the Infant SI. .IC1hn JC68- Hi75 Sainte Fan1ille avec Saint Jean

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Oie Madonna aus dem !-laus Santiago


Tlie $::111llago Madonnn 1668-16�'2 La Viergc de la M:iiso11 Sanliago

Murillo S 65
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Oie 1\1adonna Leganes


lV\adonna Leganes 1665-1675 i'r\adone Leganes

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\ul 1 cl1111.11111. II '.!,�o. 11. l .'�l

La Virgen de Sevilla
Tlie Virgin or Sevilla Gegen 1670 L<1 Viergc ue Se,·ille

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Tile "Concepcion" of lhe franciscans 1652-1665 ln1111aculcc Co11ccplion des r=r�nciscains

69
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lmn1aculale Concepl1011 1655- 1f)li.; lt11111ac11lce Concep1ion

70
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Oie „ Concepcion" aus Aranjuez


The "Concepclo11" or Aranjuez 1655-166.'l l111111:ic11lee Conceplion t1'An111j11c;,

71
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Die .Concepcion • mit der großen J\1ondsichel


"Concepcion" \Vilh lhe Crescent 1660-1670 lmmaculee Conception au grand Croissant

72

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Die .Concepcion Esquilache"


The "Concepcion Esquilache" 1660-1670 lrn1naculee Cc·nccption Esquilache

73
· J\\a�rld, l'rndo Aui Leinwand, H. 2,0ti, B. 1,.11

Die Concepcion aus S. Jldefonso


"Concepcion" fron1 S. Jldefonso 166,) 1670 I1nn1aculee Conception de Saint lldefonse

74
llo11ood l lou-.c, Lord L:111>'.low11c \11! Ld11w.111d II 11,l'. ß. O,lh

Die kleine • Concepcion •


Tlte litlle "Co11cepcio11" 1665-1675 L:. pctile „ Concepcio11"

75
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La Purlsin1a \Vith \Vorshippers U111 1665 La Purfsima avec des Adorateurs
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Fou11dalio11 or S. /'v\nria Maggiore in Ro1ne · L1111 1Cli5 Fondntion tle Sle. l\�nric Nla1cu1c:
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lmrnaculate Conception 1668 ln1n1ac11l(c Conceplion

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Oie Taufe Chri-;t1


ßaptisn1 of Chtist 1668 Bapten11: du Christ

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Der gute Hirte


The goou Shepherd 1660-1670 Le bon Bergcr

82
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Der gute 1-lirte


The good Shepherd 1660-1670 Le bo11 Berger

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Der gute Hirte


The good Shephenl l6b5- l 672 Le bon Pasleu r

84

Lo11doo, Nntto1111l1:11l�ril' 1\111 11011.. II I,"•�. II, l,(�J

Der Johannesknabe mit dem La1nn1


St. John 1vill1 the Lamb 1660-1665 Sainl Jea11 el l'Agneau

85
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Thc di\ine Shepherd 1660-J6i0 l.e di\ in Berger

86
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Der Johannesknabe mit den1 Lan1m


The Infant St. John wi\h the La1nb 1660-1670 Saint Jean et l'Agneau

87

Duhlln, N;11ionoli:nle1k \ul Leinwnnd

Der Johanncsknabe mil den1 Lamm


The Infant St. John \\'ith lhe 1 amh 1bl-0-1ti/0 Saint Jean et rAgneau

88

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The Jnfanl Child and the Baptist U111 1670 Le Christ et Jean Baptiste Enfants
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Der heilige Franziskus von Paula und das Christkind


St. francis and the Christchild 1660-1670 Saint franc;ois avec l'Enfanl Jesus

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Ecce Homo
Ecce l lomo 1655-1670 Ecce Homo

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Mother of Sorro\v 1651i-lb70 Ln Vierge des Douleurs

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Christus nacli der Geißelung
Christ ;ifler lilc Flagellation 1650-1670 Le Christ apres la Flagellation

\\licn, Gal�ric Czcrnin 1\tll l..Cill\V:JllCI

Der Kreuzestod
Crucilix ion l(iG0-1670 Le Christ en Croix

95
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f-lead o[ St. John 1665-1675 Tete de Jean ßap\iste

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K0pf des Apostels Paulus
Head of St. Paul 1665-1675 Tele de Saint Paul

96
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Der heilige Franziskus in der Porciuncula


The Roses or St. Fra11cis 1667-1675 La Porlio11cule

Murillo 7 97
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Der Tod des heiligen Pedro Arbues


J\1artyruom nf St. Peter 1\rhues t6Er-J670 i\\ort de l'lnqui!>ileur Pierre Arbuez

98
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Der Tod des heiligen Pedro Arbucs


Martyrdom of St. Petc r Arbues 1665-167.5 J\\orl de J'1 nquisil"u r Pierre Ar btteL

99
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Die reuige Magdalena


St. Mary l\lagdalen 1665-1675 fv\arie·Madel eine

100

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Der heilige Franz von Paula


St. Francis of Paula 1665-1675 Saint Fran\ois de Paule

101
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Der heilige Franz von Paula


SL francis of Paula 1670-1680 Sainl Fra11\ois de Paule

102
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Esau verkauft seine Erst geburt


E.sau sells his Birlh-Right 1650-lb70 Esaii vend son Droil d'Alnesse
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Isaac blesses Jacob 1665-1670 Isaac benissant Jacob
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Return or th e prodigal Son 1660-1680 Le Retour de l'Enfant prodigue
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Der arme Lazarus


Lazarus and lhe rich Man HiGf-1682 Le pauvre Lazare

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St. ferc.Jli1and 1671

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Der heilige Ferdinand


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Das Wunder Mosis an1 fclsenquell


Moses brings Water out oi the Rock U111 1671-1674 Moisc faisant jaillir l'Eau du Rocher

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Das \Vunder Mosis am Felscnqucll
J\'\oses brings \Valcr out of lhe Rock (Ausschnitt) Moisc faisant jaillir l'Eau du Rocher
(Detail) (Detail)

122
Sevilla, C:irlllnd

Der heilige Juan de Dios


St Juan de Dios Um 1671-1674 Sai11t J11a11 de Dios

123
\1.1dri<I, 1•1oclu
\ul L�inwand, M .3:r. B. '.!.r;

Die Krankenpflege der heiligen Elisabeth


(EI Tiiioso)
St. Elisabeth n11rs1ng the Siek Um lt.71 167� Sainte Elisabeth soignant les Teigneux

124
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Die Heilung des Gichtbrilthigen


1-lealing of the Paralytic La Gucrison uu Paralytique

l <1n1lnn, l lc110� von Sulhcrla11d 1\ur 1 l�i1l\\1;111tl

Die Heimkehr des verlorenen Sohnes


l?eh1111 or L11e proulgal Son Urn 1671-1674 Hetour de l'Enfant prodigue

126
'icvllln, Cnrlcl11\I

Der junge Johannes der Täufer


Young Sl. John lhe ßaplisl Urn 1671 Saint Jean ßaptisle E11fanl

127
,\ur L�1nw<1nd

Das Christkind als Salvator Mundi


Thc lnra11t Cltrisl as Salvator Mund1 U1n 1671 Salvator J\•lundi

128
"'l\illn, \Vnllrnf-�ich�rt�-Mus�11111 .\111 l.d11w11t1ll, II, l,'li, H.1,'11

La Portiuncula
The Roscs of St. Fn111cis U111 lG74-l67ti Lc N\iraclc de la Portionculc

J\'\urillo 9 129
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• La lrnmaculada Concepcion rnit Gottvater" tler Kapuziner


U1n 16i:.?-1676
Thc "lln m acula ta Con ce pti o " of lhe Capu chi 11es L "1 n1n1aculce Conceplion • des C<1pucins

130
"1Stvilln, M11sct1tt1 ,\111 t„i:111,vit11tt, 11. 1.sn, 13. 1,2t•

Der heilige Felix von Cantalicio n1il dcn1 Christkind


St. Felix or Canlalicio \Vilh lhe Infant Christ Uni 157,1-t67li S;1i11l Felix de Cantalice el l'E11fnnl Jesus

131
s„villn, Museum Aur Le111wund, H. l,'J9, B. 1,Z2

Der heilige Antonius von Padua 1nit dem Christkind


St. A11lho11y ol Padua \\•ilh lhe lnfanl Christ Um 1674-1676 Saint Antoine de Padoue el l'Enfant Jesus

132
Der heilige Antonius von Padua tnit den1 Chri�tkind
SI. Anlhony of Padua wilh the Infant Christ (Ausschnitt) Saint /\nloinc de Padouc cl l'Enfanl Jesus
(Dclal 1) (Detail)

133
Sc\·itLt, �\\l�t·t1111 Auf Leir1w.1ml, 11 2.26, B l ,1'\

Der .heilige Joseph 1nit de111 Christkind" der Kapuziner


"5l. Joserh \Vil11 the lnranl Chli>l" U111 t67·1-167G .S.iint Joseph el l'Enfant Jesus"
ol tl1e Capuchines des Capucins

134
Sevllln, Mu,c11111

Der .heilige Joseph mit dem Christkind" der l(apuzincr


''SI. ,Joseph \vith lhe l11fant Christ" (Ausschnitt) „Soi11\ Joseph cl l'Enfanl Jesus"
or thc Caruchi11cs des Cnp11ci11s
(IJetuil) (Dcl.1il)

135
\ul I.einwancl, M 2 �G. B. 1,2,;

Der ,heilige Johannes der Täufer" der I<apuziner


Un1 1674-1676
„St. John !he Baptist' of the Capuchines .Saint Jean Baptiste• des Capucins

135
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Die Heiligen Leander und Bonavenlura


The Sainls Leander and Bonaventura Saint Leandre el S:iint ßonavenlure

137
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.\uf l.�inwand. 11. 2,lli, ß. 1,i:>


Sa. Justa und Sa. Rurina
Thc Saiuls J11sl,1 and Rufina Um 1672 1676 Sainte J11ste et Sainte Rufine

138
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„.,.„.v .,..

Sa. Rufina
St. Rulina (Ausschnitl) Sainle R11fi11e
(Detail) (Detail)

l39
,\uf r cinwnnd, 11. 1,70, B. 1,13

Der Schutzengel
The Guardian A11gel Um 1674-1676 L' A nge gardien

140
Vision des heilig e n Felix von C(lnlalicio
Vision or Sl. Felix of Cantalicio U111 11\72-11\76 Vision <.Je Sninl Felix dr C:i11t:ilice

1 41
Vision des heiligen Felix von Canlalicio
Vision of St Felix of Canlalicio
.
(Ausschnitt) Vision de Saint Felix de Dnfalice
(Detail) 1DetaiJ)

142
Vision des heiligen Felix von Cantalicio
Vision of St. Felix of Cantalicio (Ausschnitt) Vision de Sninl 1 clix cle Cantalicc
(Detnill (D�1.1i1)

143
\ul Leinwand, II. 2,90, B. l,'t!

Die Almosenspende des heiligen Thon1as \'On Villanucva


St. Tho111as of \1illanueva �rending .\l111s U111 IG74-1Gi6 Saint Tho111as de Villeneuve faisant l'Au111öne

1-1 1
"Sevilla, Museum ,\ul Lci11wn11u, 11. 1.1i;, ß. 0,\17

Oie l(apuzinermadonna
'' N\adonna„ of the Capuchines Uin 1674-1676 Madone des Capuci11s

Murillo 10 145
Aul Leinwand, H. 3,20, B. 2,IS

Die • Verkündigung" der Kapuziner


The "Annunciation" ol lhe Capuchines Uni 1672-1676 L' Annoncialion des Capucins

l�G

1 Scvllln, 1\\11scum Aul 1.-·l11w111nl, 11. �.71, B. l,�I

Die Anbetung der f-lirten


Tl1c Adoratio11 of tlle Shephcrds U111 J67 l-J670 L' Adoration des ßerge1s

1!\7
Sc\'11111, Mu�cuni Auf Lelnwanu, H, 2,�i. B. l.�'J

Der heilige Antonius von Padua n1it den1 Christkind


Sl. Anlhony ol Padua \Vilh the Infant Christ Saint Anleine de Padoue et l'Enfant Jesus
L'n1 1672-16i6

148

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Die Weltentsagun g des heiligen Franziskus von Assisi


St. Fra'lds or Assisi takes ihe Crucifix U1n 1674-1676 Saint Fran�ois d' Assise
for his only Properly renonce au Monde

150
Sevllln, Museum

Oie Weltentsagung des heiligen Franziskus von A�sisi


St. Francis of Assisi takes the Crucifix (Ausscl111ill) Sainl Fr�ni;ois tl'Assise
ror his only Properly renonce au Monde
(Detail) (Oc!loil)

151
Der heilige Franz, den l<ruzifixus utnarmend
St. F·ancis of Assisi lakes the Crucifix 1675-1680 Sainl franc;ois d'Assise
for his only Property renonce au J\\onde

1

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Die "Purisima" der Kapuziner


The "Purisima" of lhe Cap11chines Um 167<1-1676 La „P11risi1na•

15�
Sevillo, Museu111

Die • Purisima" der Kapuziner


The "Purisi111a" or the Capuchines (Ausschnitt) La "Purisin1a •

(Detail) (Detail)

154
"'Sevill�. Museum Auf Leinwand, 11. 0,66. ß. 0,i(l

La Virgen de Ja Serviletta
Madonna Um 1674-1676 La Vierge et l'En Fant

155
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Die Vision des heiligen Augustin


Vision of St. Augustin Urn l<i78 Vision de Sai11t Aug11sti11

157
Senll:i ""''um \ul Lt>inwand, H.• >n. R. t,IZ

Der heilige Augustin vor der Madonna rnit dem Jesusknaben


St. A11gusti11 hefore the 11\adonna La Vierge el l'Enrant a\·ec Saint Auguslin
L.m 1678

158
Der heilige Augustin vor der J\1adonna mit dem Jesusknabcn
St. Augustin belore tl1e l\�:1do1111a (Ausschnitt) La \'ierge et l'Fnrant a\·cc Saint Augustin
(Oetail) tüctail)

1.1)9
\uf ll'111wn1ul 11 !.�!I. ß. 1,3!

Die Vision des heiligen Augustin


\tision oi St. Augustin U111 1678 Visio11 de Saiul Augusti11

i 61J
Der lteilige 'fltomas von Villanueva ltcill einen Laltn1en
St. Thornas or Villnnueva Um IG78 Saint Tl10111ns dl! Villnnu<·va
healing �1 Crlpplc gu�rll 1111 l�slropic

Murillo 11 161
Lont1011, \l'nJ1;1ce-KolI�kUon

Oie Almosenspende des heiligen 'fJ1omas von Villanueva


Sl. Thomas of Villanueva giving 1670-1682 Saint Tho1nas de Vil lanueva
Alrns to the Poor distribuant des Aumönes

162
*Lonclo11, l lerzog von Northbrook }\t1I Leill\\'flnll

Die Almosenspende des heiligen Thomas von Villanueva


St. Thomas of Villanueva giving Um 1678 Saint Thomas de Villanueva
Alrns to lhe Poor distribuanl des Au111önes

163
\ul L••inwand, li 2,1'>. ß. 1,8'.!

MadonnJ niit Christkind, an Pilger Brot <1u teilend


Mado1111a anti the lnranl Christ U111 1678 L'E11fant Jesus dis!ribuant
gi\·ing ßread to the Pilgrims du Pain aux Pelerins

1 () 1
\ul l.d11w1111tl

Die Concepcion mil dem Spi eg e l


lmn1ac11Jale Conceplion \Vilh the Mirror JG60-167S l1nn1:1c11Jee Conc�plio11 au Miroir

165
·:, Jlnrls1 l„11i1vre ,\uf l.ei11woncl, H. �.7·1, B. 1,!10

Oie „ Concepcion Soutt •

Tl1e Soull "Concepcion" Urn 1678 1 rnrnaculee Conception Sou lt

166
,\ul 1 d1111•;11HI 11 l,'11, 11 1,1;

"Himmelfahrt /V\ariä •
Asccnsion of ll1e Virgi11 1670-lfitlO Asso111ption

167
"Hichmond, S11mmlnn;: Conk Aul Lelnw:1nd

Die heilige Jungfrau, die \/ erl<ündigu ng en1 pfangend


The Virgin or 1he Annunciation 1670-1680 Vierge de l'Annonciation

168

J.011Llo11, \Va 11acc-l(ollckllon ;\,1l l„ci11\\1i1111l1 11. I, 1S, ll. l ,'!�I

Verkündigung
Annunciation H\68 1675 /\n11011ciatio11

169
Uulwi<11 0.11<-1 k \ul Leinwand

Rosenkranzn1adonna in den Wolken


Madonna ol the Rosa ry in the Clouds 1ilfi5-l1)82 J\·\adonc au I�osaire sur les Nues

170
• tondon, l.:1dy \V1111tnge \111 l.l'l11w:111L1, 11 �.:11, ll. l,h.I

Madonna in der Engelsgloriole (La Vierge coupce)


Madonna \vith Angels 1665 1675 Vierge au Cii�ur des Auges

171
P.lrl', <;.1mmlu11i: Or Stallm.11111 \uf Leinw�nd

i\1<1<.lonna mit �tehendem Christkind


i\\adonna \Vitli the Infant Christ 1610 ltib2 La \'ierge et l'Enfant

172
[lom, 011t�ric Corsi11i \111 1 d11\111111I, II l,hl II. l,llS

Die Zigeunerinadonna
The Gipsy IY\atlonna 16i0- l682 La Vfergc el l'Cnfanl

173
Rom, G:1lene Cor„ini

Die Zigeunermadonna
The Gipsy l\'laclonna (Ausschnitt) La Vierge et l'Enfant
(Detnil) (Detail)

174
Ocr heilige Joseph mit schlafendern Christkind
St. Joseph \Vith lhe sleep111g Cltrist-cllild 1668-1675 Saint Joseph et l'l�nr;inl Jl·�11s cndornli

175
Ocr heilige Joseph mit dem Christkind
St. Joseph \\'ilh lln: Christ-child 161.1) 1&7 Saint Joseph et 1 Enfant Jesus

176
St P�lcr�burg, Crmitogc

Der heilige Joseph mit dem Cltrislusknaben


SI. Joseph with the Christ-child 1665-1680 Sainl Jo�l:ph et l'EnfJnl .l��us

1\>\11rillo 12 177
\uf Leinwand, 11. O,iO, B. 0,Sl

Der heilige Joseph mit den1 Christkind


SI. .foseph \Vith lhe Infant Christ 1672-1682 Sa111t Joseph et l'Enfant Jesus

178

' · Lo11don, f.ync Sl�phcns '"\ul 1 "i'''''n1ltl

Der heilige Joseph n1if de111 Christkind


St. Joseph \Vith the Infant Christ 1670-1675 Saint Joseph et 1·1::nra11! Jesus

179
Lundou, \\ .1IJ.1("·1\olkl-.tln11 Auf Leinwand

Vermählung der he iligen Jungfrau


Mairinge or lhe Virgin 1675-16S2 J\1nriage de la Vierge

180
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London, \\'111lacc-t<olleklio•1 Auf l.ci11wuud

Oie Anbetung der Hirten


The Adoration of lhe Shepherds 1672-1682 L' Adoration des Bergers


Au! l.�lnw,111d, 11. 0.99, H. 0,fll

Die flucht nach Ägypten


Tlie Flighl lo Egypl 1675-1681) La Fui!e en E.gypte

182
lllch111011tl, Sammlung Cool1 .\ul Ll1'i11\\'1tnc1

Ecce Horno
Ecce Hon10 1675-1682 Ecce Horne

183

Caeliz, Provinzialmuseum Auf Leinwand

Ecce Homo
Ecce I-lon10 1680-1682 Ecce Ho1110

184

\ur Lcinw,11111. 11 ll,'�I. II U,t.CI

Golgatha
Crucirixion 1.675-1682 Le Christ c11 C1oix

185
1\\:idritl, Pr.Hin \ul Leinwand. lt. l,'ll, ß l,07

Christus am l(reuz verschieden


Dead Christ on lhe Cross Ui75-1682 Lc Christ en Croix

186
M:odrld, i'r;idu ,\uf LClll\\:11111, 11 0,71, ll. 0:,1

Christus am Kreuz verschieden


Dead Christ on lhe Cross 1675-1682 Le Christ en Croix

187
Ehemob London, Sr1111mluni; Ashllurnlinm Auf Ldnwand

Der heilige Franziskus


SI. francis 1675-1682 Sainl Fran)ois

188
\111 l 1.•111\\'111111, 11 :J,I'), (1. 1,!17

Die Vision des heiligen Antonius


Visio11 or St. A11lhony 1 ti75- l 680 Vi�io11 dl! S.d11l A11loi11�

189
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192
"'London, \Vallace-1\ollelclion Auf Leinwand, 11. 0,70, B. 0„il

Madonna 1nit den Heiligen Johannes d. T., Franziskus,


Justa und Rufina
Madonna \Vith Angels (La Vierge aux Anges) La Vierge aux
and Saints 1670- 1682 Auges

J\'\urillo 13 193
Mauri<I, 1 •1.1110 .\uf Lelnw11ncl, 11. a,09, 1:1. 2,�1

Oie l<aselverleihung an den heiligen lldefons


St. lldcfonso receh·es lhe Chasuble 16i5-16li2 Saint lldefonse rei;oit la Chasuble

191

'1.011<1 011, N:rl lon:rl!!:il�rlc \11 t l.l'11t\\'lllIII

Oie Heilige Fa111ilie vo111 Haus Pedroso


'"l-foly Family" or the Pedroso rlousc 1681-1682 S:iinle fa111illc d..: In l\\.liso11 Pcdroso

195
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Die Vt:rlobung der heiligen Katharina


The 1v\y�tic Vv'edding ol SI. Call1cri11e l(iK2 i\!\�riage 111yslique de S.1i11lc Call1crl11e

197


l l.

GENREBILDER

GENRE PICTURES SCENES DE GENRE



Mnelrld, Pr:iuo J\11 f I.� l 1111'!11111, 11. 0,Ga, II. {I, l.l

Das bettelnde Zigeunern1ädchen


(La gnllegn de 13 rnonedD)
Oipsy-girl beggar 1Ci15-1650 Jeune Bohe111ie1111e

201
(>Jr1o;;, lflll\"IC .\ul Lotirtw�111!, II 1,17 B. 1,15
Der Läusefanger
The Lice-Chase 1 ti.JS-lti.55 Le Chercheur de Poux

'.:!Cl2
M1111chc11, \llc Pl11<1l<111hck

1'rouben- und Melonenesser


Slrecl-ßoys \Vilh Fruils 1 H4S-l li.'i5

103

Auf Leinwand, II. l,�7. B. 1,0i

Die N\ahlzeit der alten Frau


The IV\eal ol !he olu Woman 1650-1660 Le Repas de la Vieille

204
L<>ndo11, N:ilionalgalerle \uf Ld11w1111(1

Lachender Junge
Laughing Boy 1 G.'i0- lli70 Je1111e flaysan riant

')\)5
.\ul Lc111wJn'1. �I 0.71. B. 0.60

Oie Orangen verkiiu feri n


The Orange-Seiler H:;(
) 1hhO \'endeuse d'Oranges

2Ul>
.\ul 1 ,•111\\,11111 11. o.71 II. 1•.hll

Junge mit 1-iund


Boy \Vith a Dog 1650 1660 Enfnnt :ive� 1111 Chicn

207
Dul\\1lcJ1, Galerie Auf Leinwanu

\.Venn böse Buben locken ... (Der \.Vürfelspieler)


The Dice-Player t655-l6i0 Joueur de Des

208
Oulwlcl1, Clnlcrlc Aut l.c111w:1111I, 11. li,fi,I, II. 0, 11
Der anne Negerjunge (Selbstessen 1nachl fett)
The poor Niggcr-ßo) l!ifiO 1670 Lc paLI\ fl' Ncgre

/\\urillo lI 209
.\111 Leinwand

1\\ädchen am Fenster
Girl at the \Vindo\v 1665-167'i Jeune Alle ä la-.Fenetre

210
Oie lockende Schöne (.Las Gallegas" am Fenster)
Oallegas at the WindO\V 1665-16i5 Oailcgas 1) la Fenetre

211
OUl\\'iCh, Gciltrie Auf Leinwand

Das Blun1enrnädchen
The FI O\ver-Girl 16G0-1610 Jeune Fille offrant des Fleurs

212
Mlincll.:11, Alte l'l1mkotllck ,\l1t l.clt1\\1tt11<I, 11. 1, lf•, ß. l.OS

Die Würfelspieler
The Dice-Players 1660-1680 Lc Jeu di! Des

213
Miinchen, 1\lle Pinnl<olhek Auf Lein\\·and, M. 1,2:1, 6. 1,02

Die Pasteten esser


Slreet-Boys 1670-1682 Jeunes Garc;ons mangeant d�s Päles

214
�1tl11chc11, \lt� Plnnkolh�k \111 td11wuntl, 11 1,1\, n. l,l.l

Oie geldzählenden Obstverkäufer


fruit-Scllers cou11ti11g Mo11ey 1670-1682 Les E11f:inls aux Pil'ces tl'Argent

215
Mlincl1cn, ,\lle Pinakothek Auf Leinwand, H. l,·18, B. 1,13

Häusliche Toilette
Toilcl-making 1670-1682 Toilette familiere

216

Auf Ldnwand

Genreszene
Genre·scene 1670-1680 IV\ere et !es Enfants avec des J\�outons

217
'


111.

BILDNISSE

PORTRAITS PORTRAI1'S



\\11<llid. \, 41c llc1uctr ,,,, 1 \'llt\\'111111

Der San(iagoriltcr Enriquc1.


Don Enriquct, l<niglil of tl1c U111 lli15 Dn11 E111'iq111?1, Ci1\•1 :ilii!r
Order of Sn11ti��n de S.:1J11l .Jarquc$

:l2 I
Auf Leinwand, H. 0,7S, ß. 0,16

Don Andres de Andrady y Co!


1650-1660

222
l.ondn11, tlcrlog 1'011 \Vclllni:ton .\ur 1.cl11wn11<I

Männliches Bildnis
Portrait of a /\1an 1650-16fi0 P1.-rlr;:iil d'l lon1111<!

223

\ul Leinwand

Der f\anonikus D. Just1no de Ne\•e y Yebenes


l"hc Canon D .luslino tle Ne\•e y Yebcnes
.
1655-HiG,'i Le Chano!ne 0. Justino de Ne\·e y Yebenes

22·1

„EI Judio•
The Jew 1660-1682 Lc .luif

Murlllo 15 225
Paris. Trotti Auf Leinwand

Der .i\-1ann mit dem Schlapphut


The tvlan \Vith lhe soft 1-lat 1660-1610 Portrait d'Homme

226
„. Paris, Louvre

Bildnis eines Edelmanns


Portrait of a Genllen1an 1660- 1670 Portrait de Gentilho111111e

227
Non1c�. ,\111'<·11111 \uf 1.cln\\·and

\Veibliche Bildnis
Portrait or a Lady 1660- lbiO Portrait d'une Datne

228
"'Mönlrcnl, Sir \V. van llornc

Bildnis eines Edelmanns


Portrait ol :1 Gentleman Gegen 1670 Portrait de Genlilhon1n1c

229
\uf Lein\\'3nd

Bildnis eines Unbekannten


Portrait of a Man lti65-1675 Portrail d' Ho111 n1e

230
\\II l.\.1(1t\\'1111\l
Philatlclphlu, Sammlung Jo1111so11

Damenporträt
Portrait or a Lady (Dolia Juana En1i11enle ?) Portrait de 1 c111111c
l!i55-1675 (Doi1a Ju.1na E111i11e11t� ?)
(Oofia Juana Eminente?)

231
* ScYill11, 1<11thcclrnll' Aur Leinw�nd

Madre francisca Dorolea Villalda


Mother francisca Dorolea Villalda 1674 IV\ere Prancisca Dorotea Villalda

232

'' \\ndrill, lkrY-O•{ von ;\Ibn (P11lndo tk l lrlr•J

D. Gabriel 1:steba11 /\\urillo


IGSO

233


IV.

ZWEIFELHAFTE UND ZU UNRECHT MURILLO


ZUGESCHRIEBENE GEMÄLDE

DOUBTFUL PAINTINGS AND CEUVRES DOUTEUSES


PAINTINGS UNJUSTLY ASCRIBED OU FAUSSEMENl' ATTRIBUES


TO MURII�LO A 1\1\URILLO


IV
w
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Cndlt, Kopu1incrkir�he :\11( Lcfn\\'t111cl

Der Erzengel N\ichael Der Erzengel Gabriel


St. Michael Saint Michel Sl. Gabriel Saint Gabriel


1-.:l
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Cndl1, l\�putlncrl1lrd1c Aul Lcluwnnd " Cadl1, l\opuzlnerldrchc Auf Leinwand

Der heilige Franziskus Der heilige Joseph 1nit Christkind


St. Francis Saint Fran�ois Sl. Joseph \vith the Infa nt Christ Saint Joseph avec l'Enfanl Jesus
Cn�lz, Knpnzlnerklrcllc Aur Lcinwrind

Stigmatisation des heiligen Franz


St. francis receiving the Stigmata Saint fran�ois recevnnt les Stig111atcs

239
lllli11.:hc11, .�lt� Pinakothek Au! Leinwand

Die Hökerfrau
The Huckslress La Revendeuse

240
\
�'l'rült"r: P:iris. Galerie Aguado Atll t.ei11\\1'311ll, 11. t), IX, 1�. C),t)t,

Jakob ringt mit dein Engel


Jacob slruggling \Vilh the Angel Jacob lulle avec l' A nge

1 rlihcr J>�rl<, Cinleric Agundo \uf 1 d111"111d, 11 J,tll, II 1;111

Jakob und Laban


Jacob and Laba 11 Jacob et L;1ba11

Murillo l6 241
;>;cw \'nrk Metropnlil.in·:'>\u,\·um .\uf Le1nwa11d

Der Evangelist Johannes auf Patmos


St. John lhe Evangelist on the Island or Paln1os Saint Jeau

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Oie Erziehung der heiligen Jungfrau Die � Concepcioo" aus dem Colegio JV\aese R.odrigo
Education of lhe Virgi11 L'Education de Ja Vierge '1Co11cepcion" from the Colegio L' Asson1 ption du Colegio
Maese Rodrigo IV\aese l�odrigo

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lmn1aculale Conception lr11111aculee Corll"l'plio11

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fv\adonna
Madonna La Vierge et l"Enfant

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Madonna
1\1adon11a La Vier�c cl l'I 11f,1nl

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Der gute Hirte


The good Shepherd Le bo11 Pas!eur

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Der Johannesknabe mit dem Lamm


rl1c Boy Baptist \Vilh the Lamb Saint Jean et l'Agneau

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Der jugendliche Johannes der Täufer


Young St. John thc Baptist Saint J�a11 l3.1ptiste Enl<111t
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Oie lll'ilige Familie in der Zimmcrmanns\verkslatl


The Holy F.1nlily in lhl' Carpenter'c; Shop 1 a Sainte Fam11le dans !'Atelier
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Christus am Ölberg
Christ on lhe Mount of Oti\·es Le Cllri�t au 1'10111 des Oilvier�

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Der reuige Petrus an der Martersäule vor Christus


St. Peter before Christ at the Colun111 Le Repenlir de Saint Pierre

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Ecce Ho1no
Ecce Homo fC(l' 110111()

Murillo 17
257
M�•lrd, 1'1:111·• \uf l.cinwand

Der heilige Franz \On Paula


St fran1i� of Paula S:11nt rr:ini;ois de Paule

258
Turin, Pinakothel< 1\ltl Lci11\\rnr1d

Studie zu einem Apostel


Study of an AposUe's J-lead E1ude d'Apölre

259
· ,\1ndrid, PwcJo Auf Leinw�nd

Der heilige Hieronymus


St. Jerorne Saint Jerön1e

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Der heilige Franziskus
St. Francis '\,dnt Fr:i11\01�

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Job Job

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Oie büßende Magdalena


St. Mary Magdalen Lc Repcntir de Sainte l\'\allclei11e

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'\ew York, Thc Ehricl1 O:tllerie< >.uf Lcinwnnd

Der heilige Stephanus


St. Stepllen Saint Etienne
Der II eil igc .Joseph mit dem Jrsusknaben
St. Joseph witli lhe Chrisl-child Saint Joseph el l'E11f�11t .J(!.;11s

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\u! l.cin"11nd

Die reuige �\agdalena


St. Mary JV\agdalen Le Repentir de <\ainte Madeleine

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Der heilige Joseph mit dem Christkind


St. Joseph \Vilh lhe Infant Christ Saint Joseph et l'Enfanl Jesus

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Spielende l<indcr
Playing Cllildrcn E11f:11its jouant

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Mädchen mit frlichten Junge mit Früchten


Girl wilh Fruits Jeune fille aux Fruils Boy \Vith fruits Jeune Gar<;on aux Fruits

Turin, l'lnnkotlrck \'tl l.'-.•l1t\\�111t.I

Mädchen in Gedanken
Girl in Thoughl Je11111: Fillc relh.:chissa11tc

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Cclcstina mit ihrer l'ochler im Gefängnis


Celeslina and her Daughler in the Prison Celestine en Prison avec sa Fille
Mn1lrlu, l'rndn \111 1 d11w11111I, 1 1 . O,'ih. II. 0,3B

Der heilige Ferdinand


St. fcrdina nd Sai11t Fercli11:111d

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,, Rich1T1n111I. ::.uninilunt:" r.onk ,\uf l.einwand

Angebliches Selbstbildnis
Selfportrail or the Artist Portrait de I' Artiste

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Selbstbildnis
Portrait of lhe Artist Portrait de I' Artbtc

Murillo 18 273
\\adrul Pra<lo \uf Ldn\\and, H O,ö6, B. O,li2

Pater Cavanillas
father Cavanillas Dom Cavanillas

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Study for a Portrait Elude tle Portrait

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Knabenbildnis
Portrait ol a Boy Portrait d"Enfanl

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Porträt eines Malers


Pollrait of :t Painter Portrait u un Pein!re

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Portrail or a ßoy Jloitrail clc jeu11c l lon1111c

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