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J. K. Rowling

Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone emerged from the
creative mind of J. K. (Joanna Kathleen) Rowling on a
train ride from Manchester to London in 1990. Rowling
was a single mother of an infant daughter and living on
welfare in Edinburgh, Scotland, when she began the
novel. Putting pen to paper in a café while her baby,
Jessica, napped, Rowling soon skyrocketed to fame and
fortune. While she received an advance of only £2,500
(approximately $3,500 American) for the novel from her
British publisher, Bloomsbury, she has since become one
of the richest women in the United Kingdom. Her first
book was published under the original title Harry Potter
and the Philosopher’s Stone (the book’s American
publishers feared that mention of philosophers would
scare away young readers and changed the title to Harry
Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone). The book garnered rave
reviews in the United Kingdom, where it won the British
Book Award’s Children’s Book of the Year prize, as well as
the Smarties Book Prize. Critics have compared her to
classic children’s writers such as Roald Dahl, C. S. Lewis,
and J. R. R. Tolkien, who also fused the traditional
adventure story with fantastic elements drawn from
myth and legend.

Soon after the British release of Harry Potter and the

Philosopher’s Stone, Arthur Levine, an editorial director
for Scholastic Books, bought the American rights to the
novel for the impressive sum of $105,000. This money
allowed Rowling to retire from a teaching job and devote
herself entirely to writing. When it was released in
America, Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone almost
immediately became a publishing sensation, holding the
top spot on the New York Times Best-Seller List for
several months. The book was unique in attracting both
young and adult readers; indeed, the British publisher
issued an edition with a less colorful cover for grown-ups
to read on trains without having to hide the novel behind
a newspaper. Spurred by the success of her first book,
Rowling produced a number of sequels, which have won
the Smarties Book Prize so often (in three consecutive
years) that Rowling has requested that her books no
longer be considered candidates for the prize. To date,
the Harry Potter empire includes four books in the Potter
series, a couple of related works written by Rowling for
charity (Quidditch Through the Ages and Fantastical
Beasts and Where to Find Them), and a major motion
picture produced by Warner Brothers.

Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone draws

on a long tradition of English fantasy works that seem to
be for children but are in fact deep allegories of the
human condition. Rowling herself has stated that her
book is really about imagination and that practicing
wizardry is only a metaphor for developing one’s full
potential. On one level, the story is a thriller with a
criminal plot (the planned theft of the Sorcerer’s Stone)
that is thwarted by a group of brave students, just as C. S.
Lewis’s Narnia books—childhood favorites of Rowling’s—
are about children who explore a strange land and
perform heroic deeds. But on a deeper level, Harry
Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone, like the Narnia books,
illustrates the challenges and adventures of growing up.
Rowling’s book outlines every child’s ordeal of becoming
an individual, winning respect from peers, learning about
loyalty, discovering the difference between forgivable
vices and unforgivable sins, and believing in something
bigger than oneself. Harry’s transformation from a
forgotten orphan living under the stairs into a publicly
recognized individual (symbolized by the magical,
adultlike letters addressed to him), and then finally into a
renowned hero represents the successful entry into the
public world wished for by every child. Harry’s escape
from misery to a new place where he has friends,
respect, and a useful role in the world is a projection of
every child’s ideal life. Most important, Harry’s discovery
that there is something uniquely valuable inside him
represents the dream of innumerable people—children
and adults alike—who enjoy indulging their imaginations.
Plot Overview→
Mr. Dursley, a well-off Englishman, notices strange
happenings on his way to work one day. That night, Albus
Dumbledore, the head of a wizardry academy called
Hogwarts, meets Professor McGonagall, who also
teaches at Hogwarts, and a giant named Hagrid outside
the Dursley home. Dumbledore tells McGonagall that
someone named Voldemort has killed a Mr. and Mrs.
Potter and tried unsuccessfully to kill their baby son,
Harry. Dumbledore leaves Harry with an explanatory
note in a basket in front of the Dursley home.

Ten years later, the Dursley household is dominated by

the Dursleys’ son, Dudley, who torments and bullies
Harry. Dudley is spoiled, while Harry is forced to sleep in
a cupboard under the stairs. At the zoo on Dudley’s
birthday, the glass in front of a boa constrictor exhibit
disappears, frightening everyone. Harry is later punished
for this incident.
Mysterious letters begin arriving for Harry. They worry
Mr. Dursley, who tries to keep them from Harry, but the
letters keep arriving through every crack in the house.
Finally, he flees with his family to a secluded island shack
on the eve of Harry’s eleventh birthday. At midnight,
they hear a large bang on the door and Hagrid enters.
Hagrid hands Harry an admissions letter to the Hogwarts
School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. Harry learns that the
Dursleys have tried to deny Harry’s wizardry all these

The next day, Hagrid takes Harry to London to shop for

school supplies. First they go to the wizard bank,
Gringotts, where Harry learns that his parents have left
him a hefty supply of money. They shop on the wizards’
commercial street known as Diagon Alley, where Harry is
fitted for his school uniform. Harry buys books,
ingredients for potions, and, finally, a magic wand—the
companion wand to the evil Voldemort’s.
A month later, Harry goes to the train station and catches
his train to Hogwarts on track nine and three quarters.
On the train, Harry befriends other first-year students
like Ron Weasley and Hermione Granger, a Muggle girl
chosen to attend Hogwarts. At school, the first-years take
turns putting on the “Sorting Hat” to find out in which
residential house they will live. Harry fears being
assigned to the sinister Slytherin house, but he, Ron, and
Hermione end up in the noble Gryffindor house.

As the school year gets underway, Harry discovers that

his Potions professor, Snape, does not like him. Hagrid
reassures Harry that Snape has no reason to dislike him.
During their first flying lesson on broomsticks, the
students are told to stay grounded while the teacher
takes an injured boy named Neville to the hospital. Draco
Malfoy, a Slytherin bully, snatches Neville’s prized toy
and flies off with it to the top of a tree. Harry flies after
him. Malfoy throws the ball in the air, and Harry speeds
downward, making a spectacular catch. Professor
McGonagall witnesses this incident. Instead of punishing
Harry, she recommends that he play Quidditch, a much-
loved game that resembles soccer played on
broomsticks, for Gryffindor. Later that day, Malfoy
challenges Harry to a wizard’s duel at midnight. Malfoy
doesn’t show up at the appointed place, and Harry
almost gets in trouble. While trying to hide, he
accidentally discovers a fierce three-headed dog
guarding a trapdoor in the forbidden third-floor corridor.

On Halloween, a troll is found in the building. The

students are all escorted back to their dormitories, but
Harry and Ron sneak off to find Hermione, who is alone
and unaware of the troll. Unwittingly, they lock the troll
in the girls’ bathroom along with Hermione. Together,
they defeat the troll. Hermione tells a lie to protect Harry
and Ron from being punished. During Harry’s first
Quidditch match, his broom jerks out of control.
Hermione notices Snape staring at Harry and muttering a
curse. She concludes that he is jinxing Harry’s broom, and
she sets Snape’s clothes on fire. Harry regains control of
the broom and makes a spectacular play to win the
Quidditch match.

For Christmas, Harry receives his father’s invisibility

cloak, and he explores the school, unseen, late at night.
He discovers the Mirror of Erised, which displays the
deepest desire of whoever looks in it. Harry looks in it
and sees his parents alive. After Christmas, Harry, Ron,
and Hermione begin to unravel the mysterious
connection between a break-in at Gringotts and the
three-headed guard dog. They learn that the dog is
guarding the Sorcerer’s Stone, which is capable of
providing eternal life and unlimited wealth to its owner
and belongs to Nicolas Flamel, Dumbledore’s old partner.

A few weeks later, Hagrid wins a dragon egg in a poker

game. Because it is illegal to own dragons, Harry, Ron,
and Hermione contact Ron’s older brother, who studies
dragons. They arrange to get rid of the dragon but get
caught. Harry, Ron, and Hermione are severely punished,
and Gryffindor is docked 150 points. Furthermore, part of
their punishment is to go into the enchanted forest with
Hagrid to find out who has been killing unicorns recently.
In the forest, Harry comes upon a hooded man drinking
unicorn blood. The man tries to attack Harry, but Harry is
rescued by a friendly centaur who tells him that his
assailant was Voldemort. Harry also learns that it is
Voldemort who has been trying to steal the Sorcerer’s

Harry decides that he must find the stone before

Voldemort does. He, Ron, and Hermione sneak off that
night to the forbidden third-floor corridor. They get past
the guard dog and perform many impressive feats as
they get closer and closer to the stone. Harry ultimately
finds himself face to face with Quirrell, who announces
that Harry must die. Knowing that Harry desires to find
the stone, Quirrell puts Harry in front of the Mirror of
Erised and makes him state what he sees. Harry sees
himself with the stone in his pocket, and at that same
moment he actually feels it in his pocket. But he tells
Quirrell that he sees something else. A voice tells Quirrell
that the boy is lying and requests to speak to Harry face
to face. Quirrell removes his turban and reveals
Voldemort’s face on the back of his head. Voldemort,
who is inhabiting Quirrell’s body, instructs Quirrell to kill
Harry, but Quirrell is burned by contact with the boy. A
struggle ensues and Harry passes out.

When Harry regains consciousness, he is in the hospital

with Dumbledore. Dumbledore explains that he saved
Harry from Quirrell just in time. He adds that he and
Flamel have decided to destroy the stone. Harry heads
down to the end-of-year banquet, where Slytherin is
celebrating its seventh consecutive win of the house
championship cup. Dumbledore gets up and awards
many last-minute points to Gryffindor for the feats of
Harry and his friends, winning the house cup for
Gryffindor. Harry returns to London to spend the
summer with the Dursleys.

Harry Potter

Harry Potter is the hero of the story. Orphaned as a baby,

he is brought up by his aunt and uncle, the Dursleys,
maltreated by them, and tormented by their obnoxious
son, Dudley. Neglected and disdained, Harry grows up to
be a timid boy unsure of his abilities. His sudden fame as
a wizard at Hogwarts comes not just as a total contrast to
his earlier forgotten misery, but as a fate that we feel is
very much deserved after his youthful suffering. Yet even
after he becomes famous, Harry never loses his modesty
and humility. Even by the end of the story, when he has
obtained the Sorcerer’s Stone and saved Hogwarts (and
perhaps the whole world) from Voldemort, Harry does
not revel in his success. He simply asks Dumbledore a
few factual questions and is satisfied with the answers,
never expecting any praise. Moreover, he does not wish
to use his powers to fulfill grandiose wishes. Dumbledore
wisely knows that, unlike Voldemort, Harry will desire
only to get the magic stone, not to use it. He does not
covet riches or power, or harbor any secret wild
ambition; he just wants to make sure that the stone and
its power do not fall into the wrong hands. The simplicity
of his desire is part of what makes him a hero.
Harry’s capacity for loyal friendship is another of his
attractive features. It is also one of the surest proofs that
Harry is developing at Hogwarts, where he is a lonely
individual at the story’s beginning but has a circle of loyal
friends and admirers by the end. His faithful membership
in Gryffindor is a symbol of his newly developing team
spirit. He prefers maintaining good relations with his
schoolmates to basking in individual glory. Similarly,
rather than boast of his immense talent at Quidditch, he
rejoices in the communal victory for his house and does
not stop for applause even when he breaks Quidditch
records. He is willing to put himself at risk for the sake of
a friend, sometimes foolishly, as when he battles a troll
to save Hermione and when he gets himself severely
punished for helping Hagrid with his dragon. Harry’s
success at forging true friendships and overcoming his
early loneliness is almost as inspiring as his defeat of the
evil and powerful Voldemort.

Draco Malfoy
The son of a long line of wizards, Malfoy is the opposite
of Harry in his familiarity with the Hogwarts experience,
his sense of entitlement, his snobbery, and his generally
unpleasant character. Rowling includes Malfoy in the
story partly as a foil to Harry’s character; in seeing how
unlikable Malfoy is, we appreciate all the more Harry’s
kindness and generosity of spirit. For example, right after
Malfoy insults Ron’s poverty on the train ride to
Hogwarts, Harry buys double the number of pastries that
he needs and shares them with Ron. Malfoy’s snobbish
insistence on only socializing with children of the best
families, his selfishness, and his overwhelming aura of
superiority all resemble similar characteristics in Dudley
Dursley, Harry’s nemesis in the Muggle world. The
similarity between Malfoy and Dudley is important in
reminding us that Harry’s new life will not be an escape
from his old problems. Malfoy’s presence throughout the
preparatory stages of Harry’s educational adventure is a
rude awakening to the realities of the wizards’ world,
which includes detestable characters like Malfoy. At
Hogwarts, Harry will not be surrounded simply by
kindness, but will have to face unpleasantness as well,
just as he has earlier in his life.
But Malfoy also plays a somewhat deeper role in the
story, at least symbolically. He is mean-spirited and
nasty, but there are hints that in time he may become far
worse than nasty; he may blossom into a truly evil
character like Voldemort. The Latin word draco means
“dragon,” and the French words mal and foi mean “bad
faith.” We sometimes suspect that Draco Malfoy may
indeed be a “bad faith dragon,” a monster of ill will.
Perhaps he is a dragon still being incubated, like Hagrid’s
baby dragon that will soon grow into a destructive
monster. Malfoy belongs to the darkly powerful house of
Slytherin, as did Voldemort. His total lack of redeeming
features makes him almost as flat a villain as Voldemort.
Like Voldemort, Malfoy is not so much a realistic
character as a caricature of badness. Of course, we do
not know what Malfoy will become in the future. But his
presence at Hogwarts reminds us that every generation
will have its heroes and its villains, and that the struggle
between right and wrong will always continue.

Hermione Granger
Hermione’s character develops significantly over the
course of the story and sheds light on Harry’s character
as well. At the outset, she is an annoying perfectionist, a
goody-two-shoes who has read all the books for her
classes in advance, has learned all about Hogwarts, and
never breaks the rules. When she first speaks to Harry on
the train ride to school, she is eager to impress him with
her knowledge, whereas Harry only wants to make
friends. Her intellectual talents are indeed worthy of
pride, as we find out later when she scores 112 percent
on her final exam. But we sense that her show-off side is
a defense against her feelings of inferiority, because she
comes from a Muggle family and, like Harry, is unfamiliar
with the wizard world. In both Hermione and Harry we
see that learning wizardry requires a great deal of social
adjustment and self-confidence.
Hermione’s development into a likable character and a
friend begins in the troll episode, when Harry and Ron
are reprimanded for trying to save her from the monster
and she coolly delivers a bold-faced lie to the teacher.
The little girl who has been abiding by all the school rules
now dares to lie to her superiors, and a new friendship is
born. Hermione’s decision to support her friends rather
than obey the rules showcases what is perhaps truly
valuable about Harry’s Hogwarts experience. The school
teaches him not just facts from books and how to follow
procedures, but also—and perhaps more important—
loyalty, compassion for others, and solidarity.


J. K. Rowling

Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets begins when
Harry is spending a miserable summer with his only
remaining family, the Dursleys. During a dinner party
hosted by his uncle and aunt, Harry is visited by Dobby, a
house-elf. Dobby warns Harry not to return to Hogwarts,
the magical school for wizards that Harry attended the
previous year. Harry politely disregards the warning, and
Dobby wreaks havoc in the kitchen, infuriating the
Dursleys. The Dursleys angrily imprison Harry in his room
for the rest of the summer. Luckily, Harry's friend Ron
Weasley steals Harry away in a flying car, and Harry
happily spends the rest of the summer at the Weasley

While shopping for school supplies with the Weasleys,

Harry has two unfortunate encounters. He first
encounters Lockhart, one of his teachers, who demands
to be in a photo shoot with Harry. Harry then encounters
Lucius Malfoy, the evil father of one of Harry's enemies,
who almost starts a fight with Mr. Weasley. As Harry
prepares to return to Hogwarts, he finds that he and Ron
are unable to enter the magically invisible train platform,
so they fly the Weasley car to Hogwarts. They land
messily, and both boys are given detentions. Lockhart,
who believes Harry flew the car to get attention, lectures
Quidditch practices begin and Draco Malfoy is the new
Slytherin seeker. On the field, he calls Hermione a
"mudblood," insulting her Muggle heritage. After
taunting Hermione, Draco is the suspect when, on
Halloween night, someone petrifies the school
caretaker's cat and writes a threatening message. Before
the cat is attacked, Harry twice hears an eerie voice. He
hears it first during his detention and second during a
party, moments before the cat is attacked. Everybody in
the school is alarmed. By doing some research, Harry,
Ron, and Hermione learn that fifty years ago a chamber
at Hogwarts was opened and a student was killed.

Playing for Gryffindor, Harry wins the Quidditch match

against Slytherin. During the game, an enchanted ball
hits Harry and causes him to lose the bones in his arm.
Dobby, a house elf, has enchanted the ball in an effort to
have Harry injured and sent home. That night, Harry sees
the body of a first-year who has been petrified arrive at
the hospital. Soon after, Lockhart begins a dueling club.
During the first meeting, Harry terrifies his fellow
students by speaking in Parseltongue to a snake. Harry's
ability frightens the others because only the heir of
Slytherin, who is responsible for opening the chamber,
would have the ability to converse with snakes. Harry
comes under further suspicion when he stumbles upon
the petrified bodies of Justin Finch-Fletchley and Nearly-
Headless Nick.

Determined to catch the culprit, Ron, Harry and

Hermione brew a potion called Polyjuice. The potion
allows them to assume the bodies of Slytherins and
question Malfoy on the Chamber of Secrets. They find
out that Malfoy is not the heir of Slytherin. No more
attacks occur for a while, and right before Valentine's
Day, Harry finds a diary in the broken toilet. The diary
belongs to a ghost named Moaning Myrtle who haunts
the girls' restroom. Harry writes in the diary, which
responds by writing back. Through this dialogue, Harry
meets Tom Riddle, a boy who many years before had
accused Hagrid of opening the Chamber of Secrets.
Hermione and a Ravenclaw girl are mysteriously
petrified. Harry and Ron venture out of the castle to
question Hagrid. Before they reach Hagrid, the Minister
of Magic, Cornelius Fudge, and Lucius Malfoy remove
Dumbledore and Hagrid from Hogwarts. As Hagrid is led
away, he instructs the boys that by following the spiders,
they can find out about the Chamber monster. Several
nights later, Harry and Ron sneak into the Forbidden
Forest to follow the spiders. They discover the monster
who killed the girl fifty years before was not a spider,
that the girl's body was found in a bathroom, and that
Hagrid is innocent. The boys are almost killed by a colony
of giant spiders. As they escape, Harry and Ron decide
that Moaning Myrtle must have been the girl killed by
the monster.

A few days later, Ron and Harry discover a piece of paper

with a description of a basilisk on it in Hermione's frozen
hand. They deduce the Chamber monster is a basilisk.
Before the boys can act on their knowledge, the teachers
announce that Ginny Weasley has been taken into the
chamber. Ron, Harry, and Lockhart slide down a secret
passage in Myrtle's bathroom to underground tunnels.
When Lockhart accidentally curses himself, Ron helps
him and Harry leaves them behind. Harry enters the
Chamber of Secrets and encounters Ginny's still body and
Tom Riddle. Tom turns out to be a younger version of
Voldemort, who has been enchanting Ginny through his
journal. Harry calls for help from Dumbledore. A phoenix
and a magic hat arrive. Tom summons a basilisk, but the
phoenix punctures its eyes. The hat produces a sword,
which Harry uses to kill the giant snake. Harry sticks a
basilisk fang through the diary, destroying Tom. Ginny
wakes up.

Harry explains his adventure to Dumbledore. Lucius

Malfoy storms into the office with his house-elf, Dobby,
and Harry frees Dobby from by tricking Lucius into giving
Dobby a sock. All is well in the castle as the students
leave for their summer vacations.
J. K. Rowling

Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban opens on the
night before Harry's thirteenth birthday, when he
receives gifts by Owl Post from his friends at school. The
next morning at breakfast, Harry sees on television that a
man named Black is on the loose from prison. At this
time, Aunt Marge comes to stay with the Dursleys, and
she insults Harry's parents numerous times. Harry
accidentally causes her to inflate. Harry leaves the
Dursley's house and is picked up by the Knight Bus, but
only after an alarming sighting of a large, black dog. The
Knight Bus drops Harry off at Diagon Alley, where he is
greeted by Cornelius Fudge, the Minister of Magic. He
rents a room and awaits the start of school. In Diagon
Alley, Harry finishes his schoolwork, admires a Firebolt
broomstick in the window of a shop, and after some
time, finds his friends Ron and Hermione. At a pet shop,
Hermione buys a cat named Crookshanks, who chases
Scabbers, Ron's aging pet rat. Ron is most displeased.
The night before they all head off to Hogwarts, Harry
overhears Ron's parents discussing the fact that Sirius
Black is after Harry.

The students board the Hogwarts Express train and are

stopped once by an entity called a Dementor. Harry
faints and is revived by Professor Lupin, the new defense
against the dark arts teacher. Soon afterward, the
students arrive at Hogwarts and classes begin. In
divination class, Professor Trelawney foresees Harry's
death by reading tealeaves and finding the
representation of a Grim, a large black dog symbolizing
death. In the care of magical creatures class, Hagrid
introduces the students to Hippogriffs, large, deeply
dignified crosses between horses and eagles. Malfoy
insults one of these beasts, Buckbeak, and is attacked.
Malfoy drags out the injury in an attempt to have Hagrid
fired and Buckbeak put to sleep. In Defense Against the
Dark Arts, Professor Lupin leads the class in a defeat of a
Boggart, which changes shape to appear as the viewer's
greatest fear. For Lupin, it turns into an orb, for Ron, a
spider. Harry doesn't have a chance to fight it.

During a Hogwarts visit to Hogsmeade, a wizard village

which Harry is unable to visit because he has no
permission slip, Harry has tea with Professor Lupin. Harry
discovers that the reason he wasn't allowed to fight the
Boggart was that Lupin had worried that it would take
the shape of Voldemort. This concern catches Harry by
surprise, because Harry had been thinking even more
fearfully about the awful Dementors. Snape brings Lupin
a steaming potion, which Lupin drinks, much to Harry's
alarm. Later that night, Sirius Black breaks into Hogwarts
and destroys the Fat Lady portrait that guards Gryffindor
Tower. The students spend the night sleeping in the
Great Hall while the teachers search the castle. Soon
afterwards, Quidditch moves into full swing, and
Gryffindor House plays against Hufflepuff. During the
game, Harry spies the large black dog, and seconds later
he sees a hoard of Dementors. He loses consciousness
and falls off his broomstick. Harry wakes to find that his
trusty broomstick had flown into the Whomping Willow
and been smashed in his fall, and the game itself had
lost. Later, Harry learns from Lupin that the Dementors
affect Harry so much because Harry's past is so horrible.

During the next Hogsmeade visit, from which Harry is

forbidden, Fred and George Weasley give Harry the
Marauder's map, written by the mysterious quartet of
Moony, Prongs, Wormtail and Padfoot. This map leads
him through a secret passageway into Hogsmeade,
where he rejoins Ron and Hermione. Inside the
Hogsmeade tavern, Harry overhears Cornelius Fudge
discussing Sirius Black's responsibility for Harry's parents'
deaths, as well as for the death of another Hogwarts
student, Peter Pettigrew, who was blown to bits, leaving
only a finger. Back at Hogwarts, Harry learns that Hagrid
received a notice saying that Buckbeak, the hippogriff
who attacked Malfoy, is going to be put on trial, and
Hagrid is inconsolable. The winter holidays roll around.
For Christmas, Harry receives a Firebolt, the most
impressive racing broomstick in the world. Much to his
and Ron's dismay, Hermione reports the broomstick to
Professor McGonagall, who takes it away out of fear that
it may have been sent (and cursed) by Sirius Black.

After the holidays, Harry begins working with Professor

Lupin to fight Dementors with the Patronus charm; he is
moderately successful, but still not entirely confident in
his ability to ward them off. Soon before the game
against Ravenclaw, Harry's broomstick is returned to him,
and as Ron takes it up to the dormitory, he discovers
evidence that Scabbers has been eaten by Crookshanks.
Ron is furious at Hermione. Soon afterwards, Gryffindor
plays Ravenclaw in Quidditch. Harry, on his Firebolt,
triumphs, winning the game. Once all the students have
gone to bed, Sirius Black breaks into Harry's dormitory
and slashes the curtain around Ron's bed. Several days
later, Hagrid invites Harry and Ron over for tea and
scolds them for shunning Hermione on account of
Scabbers and the Firebolt. They feel slightly guilty, but
not terrible. Soon Harry, under his invisibility cloak,
meets Ron during a Hogsmeade trip; when he returns,
Snape catches him and confiscates his Marauder's Map.
Lupin saves Harry from Snape's rage, but afterwards he
reprimands him severely for risking his safety for "a bag
of magic tricks." As Harry leaves Lupin's office, he runs
into Hermione, who informs him that Buckbeak's
execution date has been set. Ron, Hermione, and Harry
are reconciled in their efforts to help Hagrid. Around this
time, Hermione is exceptionally stressed by all of her
work, and in a day she slaps Malfoy for picking on Hagrid
and she quits Divination, concluding that Professor
Trelawney is a great fraud. Days later, Gryffindor beats
Slytherin in a dirty game of Quidditch, winning the Cup.

Exams roll around, and during Harry's pointless

Divination exam, Professor Trelawney predicts the return
of Voldemort's servant before midnight. Ron, Hermione,
and Harry shield themselves in Harry's invisibility cloak
and head off to comfort Hagrid before the execution.
While at his cabin, Hermione discovers Scabbers in
Hagrid's milk jug. They leave, and Buckbeak is executed.
As Ron, Harry, Harry and Hermione are leaving Hagrid's
house and reeling from the sound of the axe, the large
black dog approaches them, pounces on Ron, and drags
him under the Whomping Willow. Harry and Hermione
and Crookshanks dash down after them; oddly,
Crookshanks knows the secret knob to press to still the
flailing tree. They move through an underground tunnel
and arrive at the Shrieking Shack. They find that the black
dog has turned into Sirius Black and is in a room with
Ron. Harry, Ron, and Hermione manage to disarm Black,
and before Harry can kill Black, avenging his parents'
deaths, Professor Lupin enters the room and disarms
him. Harry, Ron, and Hermione are aghast as Lupin and
Black exchange a series of nods and embrace.

Once the three students calm down enough to listen,

Lupin and Black explain everything. Lupin is a werewolf
who remains tame through a special steaming potion
made for him by Snape. While Lupin was a student at
Hogwarts, his best friends, James Potter, Sirius Black, and
Peter Pettigrew, became animagi (humans able to take
on animal forms) so that they could romp the grounds
with Lupin at the full moon. They explain how Snape
once followed Lupin toward his transformation site in a
practical joke set up by Sirius, and was rescued narrowly
by James Potter. At this moment, Snape reveals himself
from underneath Harry's dropped invisibility cloak, but
Harry, Ron, and Hermione disarm him, rendering him
unconscious. Lupin and Black then explain that the real
murderer of Harry's parents is not Black, but Peter
Pettigrew, who has been presumed dead but really
hidden all these years disguised as Scabbers. Lupin
transforms Scabbers into Pettigrew, who squeals and
hedges but ultimately confesses, revealing himself to be
Voldemort's servant, and Black to be innocent. They all
travel back to Hogwarts, but at the sight of the full moon,
Lupin, who has forgotten to take his controlling tonic (the
steaming liquid), turns into a werewolf. Sirius Black
responds by turning into the large black dog in order to
protect Harry, Ron, and Hermione from Lupin. As Black
returns from driving the werewolf into the woods, a
swarm of Dementors approaches, and Black is paralyzed
with fear. One of the Dementors prepares to suck the
soul out of Harry, whose patronus charm is simply not
strong enough. Out of somewhere comes a patronus that
drives the Dementors away. Harry faints.
Harry awakens in the hospital wing to hear Snape and
Cornelius Fudge discussing the fact that Sirius Black is
about to be given the fatal Dementor's Kiss. Harry and
Hermione protest, claiming Black's innocence, but to no
avail; then Dumbledore enters the room, shoos out the
others, and mysteriously suggests that Harry and
Hermione travel back through Hermione's time-turning
device, and save both Black and Buckbeak. Hermione
turns her hour-glass necklace back three turns, and Harry
and Hermione are thrust into the past, where they
rescue Buckbeak shortly before his execution. From a
hiding place in the forest, Harry watches the Dementor
sequence and discovers that he had been the one who
conjured the patronus, and he is touched and confused
to note that his patronus had taken the shape of a stag
that he recognizes instantly as Prongs, his father's
animagi form. After saving his past self from the
Dementors, Harry and Hermione fly to the tower where
Black is imprisoned, and they rescue Black, sending him
away to freedom on Buckbeak's back. The next day,
Harry is saddened to learn that Professor Lupin is leaving
Hogwarts because of the previous night's scare.
Dumbledore meets with Harry and gives him wise
fatherly advice on the events that have happened. On
the train ride home, Harry receives an owl- post letter
from Sirius that contains a Hogsmeade permission letter,
words of confirmation that he is safe in hiding with
Buckbeak and that he was, in fact, the sender of the
Firebolt, and a small pet owl for Ron. Harry feels slightly
uplifted as he returns to spend his summer with the

Ron Weasley

Ron possesses the confidence of being a child deeply

loved. Unlike Harry, he has no financial means. His father
is a highly ranked member of the Ministry of Magic and
his family is backed by generations of pure wizard blood,
but Ron is often picked on by Malfoy for wearing tattered
robes, for living in an old house, and for not having a rich
father. Ron is deeply loyal to the people he loves—his
family, Harry, his pet rat Scabbers, and Hermione—and
he defends their rights with a fiery desperation, as we
see in this book when he refuses to speak to Hermione
for allowing her cat to attack his rat, or for turning
Harry's new broomstick into Professor McGonagall. He
and Harry are inseparable, and he is often perceived to
be a sidekick to the famous Harry Potter. Ron feels
valued by Harry and doesn't seem to mind this on a
regular basis, although in spurts he seems to feel
deflated and glossed over. He is adventurous, like Harry,
and somewhat mischievous but always with good
intentions, also like Harry. Ron has a wry, skeptical sense
of humor; if Harry is the bold leader of their trio and
Hermione the textbook brain, Ron often acts as the
defender and jester. Ron Weasley and Hermione Granger
are Harry's best friends, although in this book, they often
are in disagreement.


J. K. Rowling

The story begins fifty years before the present day, with
a description of how the Riddle family was mysteriously
killed at supper, and their groundsman, Frank Bryce, was
suspected of the crime, then declared innocent. Frank
Bryce, now an elderly man, wakes in the night to see a
light in the window of the abandoned Riddle House. He
investigates and overhears Voldemort and Wormtail
plotting to kill a boy named Harry Potter. Voldemort
takes note of him and kills him on the spot. Harry Potter
wakes up in the night with a throbbing pain in the scar
Voldemort gave him. He worries that Voldemort is
nearby, and he writes to Sirius Black, his godfather,
mentioning the pain in his scar.

The next morning Harry's Uncle Vernon receives a letter

from the Weasleys asking Harry to join them at the
Quidditch World Cup, and Vernon grudgingly agrees to
let Harry go. The following day, the Weasleys arrive in
the Dursleys' boarded-up fireplace to pick up Harry. The
Weasley twins "accidentally" leave a trick toffee on the
ground, which Dudley eats, causing his tongue to
engorge itself. The Dursleys panic and throw things at
Mr. Weasley as the Weasley boys and Harry exit through
the fireplace. Harry arrives at The Burrow, the Weasley
household, and there he meets for the two eldest
Weasley brothers, Bill and Charlie, and there, Mrs.
Weasley berates the twins for making Weasleys' Wizard
Wheezes and giving them to Dudley.

Early the next morning, the Weasleys, Harry and

Hermione head off to the Quidditch World Cup. They
travel by Portkey, a process that involves using a piece of
trash as a touchstone for warping across space. They use
the same Portkey as Cedric Diggory, another Hogwarts
student, and his dad. Together they are carried to the
World Cup campground. Upon arrival, the Weasleys,
Harry and Hermione head off to pitch their tent. Soon,
Ludo Bagman arrives, jubilant at the festivities, and
makes a wager with the twins on the outcome of the
Cup. Soon afterward, Mr. Crouch arrives, throwing Percy
into a great reverent fuss. Before they leave, they allude
to a mysterious event that will happen at Hogarts. Harry,
Ron, and Hermione buy souvenirs and troop to the Top
Box, where they meet Winky, a house-elf who is saving a
seat for her master. The game begins, after a show from
the respective mascots. In the end, Ireland wins, but
Viktor Krum, the Bulgarian Seeker, catches the Snitch.

The night after the game, a crowd of Death Eaters,

followers of Voldemort who escaped punishment,
torture four Muggles by levitating them in the air. Harry,
Hermione and Ron escape by fleeing into the woods,
where Harry discovers that his wand is missing. Moments
later someone fires the Dark Mark (the sign of
Voldemort) using his or her wand. Winky the house-elf is
found holding a wand at the scene of the crime. Mayhem
ensues at the Ministry of Magic through the week.

Ron receives horrible second-hand robes from his

mother and is upset. Amos Diggory brings news that a
man named Mad-Eye Moody attacked an intruder at his
house. Mr. Weasley runs to the Ministry to sort
everything out. The Weasleys, Harry, and Hermione take
taxis to the train station and board the train to Hogwarts.
Upon arriving, after the Sorting ceremony and in the
middle of dinner in the Hogwarts Great Hall, Dumbledore
announces that the Triwizard Tournament between
schools will take place this year at Hogwarts, and also
that Mad-Eye Moody will be the new teacher of defense
against the dark arts.

Mad-Eye Moody is a competent teacher. He turns Malfoy

into a ferret for trying to attack Harry while Harry's back
is turned. In class, Moody teaches Gryffindor the three
unforgivable curses, Imperius, Cruciatus, and Avada
Kedavra (the curse that killed Harry's parents).
Meanwhile, Hermione founds a society that advocates
freeing house-elves, who are slaves. She asks Harry and
Ron to wear badges. As Defense Against the Dark Arts
progresses, Harry learns to successfully ward off the
Imperius Curse.

In late October, the delegates from Beauxbatons and

Durmstrang arrive, and Ron is thrilled to see that Viktor
Krum, a famous Quidditch player, has come with
Durmstrang. On halloween night, the Goblet of Fire spits
out the names of the champions who will compete in the
Triwizard Tournament; along with Cedric Diggory, Fleur
Delacour, and Viktor Krum, Harry Potter is selected. Mass
chaos ensues, since Harry is too young. But because the
Goblet's decision is final, it is generally decided that
Harry is obligated to compete. Gryffindor House is
triumphant, but Ron is sullen and envious, and he
doesn't speak to Harry for quite some time. School
resumes, and Harry is frustrated that few people believe
he didn't place his own name in the Goblet of Fire. The
first task approaches, and Harry is fretful; during the
weighing of the wands, a reporter named Rita Skeeter
accosts Harry and interviews him for what she says is a
story about the tournament, but instead publishes a
sappy, exaggerated article about Harry's tragic past.

A few nights before the task, Hagrid invites Harry for a

late night walk, which ultimately turns into a glimpse of
the first task: dragons. Harry hurries home, and in the
Gryffindor common room fireplace, Sirius's head
appears, warning Harry that Karkaroff, the head of
Durmstrang, was a Death Eater and possibly still is
dangerous, and that Moody was the Ministry's best dark
wizard catcher ever, and is probably at Hogwarts for a
reason. The next day, Harry warns Cedric about the first
task; Moody overhears, commends Harry's decency, and
hints that Harry should use his broomstick to get past the
dragon. Harry and Hermione spend hours practicing
summoning charms, and the day of the first task, Harry
summons his broomstick and flies past the dragon,
capturing the golden egg and receiving high marks.
Everyone in Gryffindor is ecstatic, and Ron and Harry are

Soon afterward, Hermione drags Harry and Ron down to

the kitchens, where they encounter Dobby, who is
thrilled at his freedom, and Winky, Mr. Crouch's ex-
house-elf, who is miserable at hers. In class, Professor
McGonagall announces that the Yule Ball is approaching
and that the champions must find partners; this is an
unexpected and difficult task. Harry gathers his courage
to ask Cho, but finds out that she is already going with
Cedric. Hermione has a date, but won't say who it is; and
she is annoyed when Ron asks her as his last-resort date.
Finally, Harry and Ron procure the pretty but annoying
Patil twins as their partners for the Yule Ball. On
Christmas, the night of the ball, Ron wears his awful
dress robes and spends the entire night staring at
Hermione, who is there as Viktor Krum's date. Harry
spends the whole night feeling miserable about Cho and
Cedric, and so Harry and Ron leave the ball for a stroll,
during which they overhear Hagrid telling Madame
Maxime, the giant head of Beauxbatons, that he is half-
giant. After the ball that night, Cedric hints for Harry to
take a bath with the golden egg, but Harry is wary of this
advice. Harry returns to Gryffindor tower to find that
Hermione and Ron are having a huge fight about why she
went to the ball with Krum instead of with him.

The next day, Hagrid is not teaching class. Rita Skeeter

has written an article saying that his ancestors, who are
giants, give him a violent and dangerous nature. He is
embarrassed and refuses to emerge from his cabin.
During a trip to Hogsmeade, Ludo Bagman offers to help
Harry with the tournament and mentions that Mr.
Crouch has stopped coming to work. Hermione insults
Rita for writing such horrible articles. Harry, Ron, and
Hermione return to Hogwarts, visit Hagrid, and persuade
him to return. Hagrid is grateful for their loyalty, and he
begs Harry to win the tournament. That night Harry takes
the egg into the bathtub. It sings that he will have an
hour to reclaim something valuable that has been taken
into the lake. On his way back to his dorm from the
bathroom, Harry, wearing his Invisibility cloak, checks his
Marauder's Map and spies Mr. Crouch in Snape's office.
In his surprise, he drops the golden egg, which makes a
loud screeching noise. Filch and Snape appear instantly.
Moody also appears, shoos away the other men and
returns Harry's egg to him. Moody asks to borrow the
Marauder's Map, which shows every part of Hogwarts
grounds and castle, and where every person is within it.

The night before the second task, Harry still has not
figured out how to breathe under water. He falls asleep
in the library and is awakened in the morning by Dobby,
who gives him a ball of gillyweed and sends him off to
the lake, where the task is starting. The gillyweed gives
Harry gills, so he swims easily through the lake, finding
Hermione, Ron, Cho, and Fleur's sister asleep and tied
together in a merpeople village. Harry waits to make sure
all of the champions rescue their hostages before
returning to the surface. Fleur never comes, so he
returns with her sister and with Ron, coming up last, but
gaining high marks for his moral fiber in his completion of
the task.

Soon afterwards, Rita Skeeter publishes an article

claiming that Hermione toys with the hearts of both
Harry and Krum. The three friends read the article in
potions class. After class, Harry overhears Karkaroff
confiding fearfully in Snape that something on his arm
has returned. The following day, Harry, Ron, and
Hermione meet Sirius Black, disguised as a large black
dog named Padfoot, in Hogsmeade. He informs them
that Mr. Crouch's son was convicted as a Death Eater,
and he finds it peculiar that Mr. Crouch has not been
coming to work, as well as that he never showed up to
take the seat saved by Winky, his house-elf, at the World
Cup. Back at Hogwarts, Harry, Ron, and Hermione visit
the kitchens to give a gift of socks to Dobby, who is
delighted. Winky is still sad and currently drunk, and she
mentions between hiccups that she is guarding a great
secret for her ex-master. Around this time, Hermione
begins getting hate mail for supposedly breaking Harry
Potter's heart.

The four champions are taken to see the grounds for the
maze, their third task, and on the way back, Krum pulls
Harry into the forest to ask if he is at all romantically
interested inHermione. When Harry answers no, a
disheveled Mr. Crouch appears from the forest, speaking
to trees and madly demanding to see Dumbledore. Harry
runs to get Dumbldore while Krum waits with Mr.
Crouch; when Harry returns, Mr. Crouch has stunned
Krum and disappeared, much to everyone's puzzlement.
Sirius sends Harry a letter warning him to be careful and
to practice hexes for the third task; Harry tries to follow
both instructions. In Divination class, Harry falls asleep
and dreams about Voldemort, and he wakes up
screaming and clutching his scar. Harry leaves class and
goes to tell Dumbledore what happened. As he waits for
Dumbledore to return to his office, he peers into a
Pensieve and enters Dumbledore's memories of various
Death Eater trials, including that of Ludo Bagman,
Karkaroff, and Mr. Crouch's son. Dumbledore returns,
pulls Harry from the memory-world, listens to his story,
and says that he suspects that Voldemort is growing

The morning of the third task, Rita Skeeter prints an

article about how Harry fainted in class and is possibly
disturbed. The evening of the task, the four champions
enter the maze, and Harry finds his path relatively
manageable. Soon both Fleur and Krum are out of the
running, and Harry and Cedric, the only remaining
contestants, arrive at the trophy at the same time, and
they both agree to touch it together. The trophy turns
out to be a portkey, and it takes both boys to a far away
graveyard, where a man in a hood instantly kills Cedric
and ties up Harry. The man, Wormtail, drops the bundle
he is carrying (Voldemort's current form) into a cauldron,
as well as ashes from Voldemort's father, blood from
Harry's arm, and Wormtail's own right hand. Voldemort
resumes his body and rises from the cauldron. Voldemort
presses a tattoo of the Dark Mark on Wormtail's arm,
and suddenly Death Eaters begin appearing in a circle
around them. Voldemort explains to Harry and his Death
Eaters his fall from and rise back to power, and then he
challenges Harry to a duel. Harry prepares for death, but
he manages to use the disarming spell on Voldemort just
as Voldemort cries "Avada Kedavra!" the killing curse, at
Harry. The light from the two wands meets in midair and
remains connected. Voldemort's past victims emerge
from his wand and protect Harry once the wand
connection is broken, giving him time to grab Cedric's
body and touch the trophy, thus returning to Hogwarts.

Once Harry returns, he is weak and shaken. Moody

carries him into the castle, where Moody reveals that he
is in fact a Death Eater, and that he was responsible for
placing Harry's name in the Goblet and for turning the
trophy into a portkey. Moody also informs Harry that
Karkaroff felt his Dark Mark burn and then fled that
night. Moody prepares to kill Harry when Dumbledore
and other teachers burst into the room, stunning Moody
and saving Harry. Dumbledore explains to Harry that
Moody's body is a disguised version of Mr. Crouch's son,
the young Barty, and that he has made the switch by
drinking Polyjuice potion every hour. After some time,
the potion wears off and Harry recognizes Barty Crouch.
Snape gives Crouch truth serum, and Crouch explains
how his father smuggled him out of prison and allowed
him to live under an Invisibility cloak, guarded by Winky;
and how Bertha Jorkins discovered him and ultimately
was relieved of his information by Voldemort, who
returned to find young Crouch. He also says that he killed
his father, and that he was hoping to bring Voldemort
back into power by bringing Harry to him. Then
Dumbledore takes Harry into his own office, where he
asks Harry to explain what he saw in the graveyard to
him and to Sirius, who had arrived. After listening to
Harry, Dumbledore explains that the wands of Harry and
Voldemort are made of feathers from the same phoenix,
so one was forced to regurgitate its spells when the two
wants met.
Harry is sent to bed, and in the night he is awakened by
an argument between Cornelius Fudge and Dumbledore,
in which Dumbledore tries unsuccessfully to persuade
Fudge to take precautions against Voldemort's new
power. Fudge refuses to believe that this is possible. He
gives Harry the tournament prize money and leaves
huffily. Soon the term ends, and at the final dinner
Dumbledore makes a speech telling everyone how Cedric
was murdered by Voldemort, and how the future looks
bleak and would require them to join together. On the
train ride back to London, Hermione shows Harry and
Ron a beetle in a jar—Rita Skeeter's animagus form—
that she caught and warned not to write any more
untrue things. As the students leave the train, Harry gives
his gold to the Weasley twins to help start their practical
joke company, and he asks that they use some of it to
buy Ron a new pair of dress robes. Harry returns to the
Dursleys for the summer.
J.K. Rowling

←Plot Overview→
Harry Potter is spending another tedious summer with
his dreadful Aunt Petunia and Uncle Vernon when a
group of evil spirits called “dementors” stage an
unexpected attack on Harry and his cousin Dudley. After
using magic to defend himself, Harry is visited by a group
of wizards and whisked off to number twelve, Grimmauld
Place, London. Number twelve is the home of Harry’s
godfather, Sirius Black, and the headquarters of the
Order of the Phoenix. The Order is a group of wizards, led
by Hogwarts headmaster Albus Dumbledore, dedicated
to fighting evil Lord Voldemort and his followers. The
Order is forced to operate in secrecy, outside of the
jurisdiction of the Ministry of Magic, which is headed by
the dense and corrupt Cornelius Fudge. Fudge refuses to
believe that Lord Voldemort has returned.
Harry used magic to fight off the dementors, and since
underage wizards are not permitted to use their wands
outside of school, he must face a disciplinary hearing at
the Ministry. With Dumbledore’s help, Harry is cleared
and permitted to return to Hogwarts School of
Witchcraft and Wizardry.

Reunited with his best friends, Ron and Hermione, Harry

returns to Hogwarts and learns that Dolores Umbridge,
an employee of Fudge, will be his new Defense Against
the Dark Arts teacher. The Sorting Hat, which
traditionally sorts all new students into one of four
houses, cautions the students against becoming too
internally divided. Meanwhile, the wizard newspaper,
the Daily Prophet, continues printing untrue and unfair
stories about Harry. Many of his classmates are
whispering about him behind his back, but Harry ignores
them and tries to concentrate on his studies, since all
fifth-year students at Hogwarts are required to take
O.W.L.s, or Ordinary Wizarding Level examinations.

Umbridge refuses to teach her students how to perform

Defense spells, and before long, Fudge appoints her High
Inquisitor of Hogwarts, giving her the authority to inspect
all faculty members and evaluate their skills. In
desperation, Harry, Hermione, and Ron form their own
Defense Against the Dark Arts group, also known as the
D.A., or Dumbledore’s Army. Twenty-five other students
sign up, and they meet as often as possible to learn and
practice Defense spells. Harry wishes desperately to
contact his godfather Sirius to discuss the situation, but
Umbridge is inspecting all Owl Mail and patrolling the
fires that students can use to make contact with wizards
residing outside of Hogwarts. Umbridge openly dislikes
Harry, whom she considers a liar, and eventually bans
him from the Gryffindor Quidditch team. Ron’s twin
brothers, Fred and George, storm out of Hogwarts in
protest, moving to London where they plan to open a
joke shop using the money Harry won last year in the
Triwizard Tournament.
Harry continues to have upsetting dreams about walking
down a corridor at the Department of Mysteries, deep
inside the Ministry of Magic. At the end of the corridor,
Harry goes through several doors and enters a room full
of dusty glass spheres. Harry always wakes up before he
finds out what the dream means or what the spheres
signify. One night, Harry has a vision where he inhabits
the body of a large snake, and attacks Ron’s father. Harry
wakes up horrified, and Professor McGonagall takes him
to Dumbledore immediately. Dumbledore uses the
portraits on the walls of his office to raise an alert, and
Mr. Weasley is promptly rescued by two members of the
Order. Dumbledore then demands that Harry take
Occlumency lessons with Professor Snape, which should
help Harry protect his mind against further invasions by
Lord Voldemort.

Harry is unsuccessful at Occlumency because he has such

difficulty clearing his mind of all thoughts, making it
difficult for him to focus on closing his mind off to all
outside influence. Meanwhile, his scar (from the attack in
which Voldemort killed Harry’s parents) burns horribly
every time Voldemort experiences a powerful emotion.
The D.A. continues to meet regularly, and Harry’s peers
show great improvement until they are caught by
Umbridge. Dumbledore takes full responsibility for the
group and resigns as Headmaster. Umbridge takes over
his position. The students begin taking their O.W.L.
exams, and Harry has another vision, this time about
Sirius being held captive and tortured by Voldemort.
Horrified, Harry becomes determined to save him.
Hermione warns Harry that Voldemort may be
deliberately trying to lure Harry to the Department of
Mysteries, but Harry is too concerned about Sirius to
take any chances.

Harry sneaks into Umbridge’s office, and, using her

fireplace, transports himself to Twelve Grimmauld Place
to look for Sirius. Kreacher, the Black house elf, tells
Harry that Sirius is at the Ministry of Magic. Harry returns
to Hogwarts to find that he and his friends have been
caught in Umbridge’s office. Hermione and Harry
convince Umbridge to follow them into the forest, where
they claim to be hiding a weapon for Dumbledore. Once
in the forest, Centaurs carry Umbridge away. Harry and
his friends climb aboard flying horses called thestrals and
speed off to the Ministry. Once they arrive, Harry cannot
find Sirius and realizes that Hermione was right. Harry
also sees that one of the glass spheres has his name on it,
as well as Voldemort’s. Harry grabs the sphere, and
Death Eaters surround to attack, demanding that Harry
hand over the prophecy. Employing all of their Defense
skills, Harry, Ron, Hermione, Ginny, Luna, and Neville
have moderate success fighting the Death Eaters, but
they are ultimately helped enormously by the arrival of
several members of the Order. In the midst of the fight,
Harry drops the glass sphere, and it shatters. Meanwhile,
Sirius’ own cousin, Death Eater Bellatrix Lestrange, kills
Sirius. Harry is devastated.

Dumbledore appears and corrals the Death Eaters.

Voldemort and Lestrange escape, just as Fudge shows
up. Dumbledore sends Harry back to school, where he
explains how the sphere was a prophecy, which stated
that Harry has a power that Voldemort does not know
about. Dumbledore explains that this power is love. The
prophecy goes on to claim that Harry will either destroy
Voldemort or be destroyed by him. Dumbledore takes
this opportunity to tell Harry why he must spend his
summers with the Durselys in Little Whinging. Because
Harry’s mother died to save him, he is blessed with her
love, a blessing that can be sealed only by blood. Harry’s
Aunt Petunia, his mother’s sister, makes that bond
complete by taking Harry into her home. As long as he
still calls Little Whinging home, Harry is safe. With this
news, Harry returns to his Aunt and Uncle’s house for
one more miserable summer.

Sirius Black

Sirius Black and James Potter attended Hogwarts

together, and Sirius is Harry’s godfather. Sirius is an
Animagus, which means he can transform himself into a
black, shaggy dog named Padfoot at will. Years ago, Sirius
was wrongly imprisoned at Azkaban for the murder of
thirteen people. Following his escape, he has been forced
to live in absolute secrecy. To keep Sirius safe,
Dumbledore demands that Sirius not leave his parents’
home at Twelve Grimmauld Place, lest the Ministry of
Magic catch him and return him to Azkaban. In this
sense, Harry and Sirius lead parallel lives, since
Dumbledore orders Harry to spend his summers with the
Dursleys. In both cases, Dumbledore is simply attempting
to ensure his friends’ safety, but both Harry and Sirius
resent the lack of freedom that goes along with such
isolation, likening it to imprisonment. Sirius grew up at
Twelve Grimmauld Place but has long since dismissed the
rest of the Black family, who chose to follow Voldemort.
Being trapped in that house simply reminds Sirius of his
alienation, just as Harry’s time at Privet Drive reminds
him of his own lack of real family.
Although Mr. and Mrs. Weasley often act as Harry’s
surrogate parents, Sirius is the closest Harry has to
family, and Harry clearly treasures their relationship.
Whenever Harry is in trouble or confused, he turns to
Sirius for advice. Sirius, in turn, is protective of Harry,
doing his best to assure his godson’s safety and well-
being. As other members of the Order of the Phoenix
have observed, Sirius occasionally confuses Harry with
his father, James Potter, and Sirius’s relationship with
Harry seems to be deepened by his mourning for James.
Often, when Harry expresses reservations about one of
Sirius’s suggestions, Sirius reprimands him for not being
more like James, who thrived on risk-taking. In a way,
Harry can get to know his own father through Sirius, and,
surprisingly, the images he stumbles across in Book V are
not the unequivocally positive ones he has always carried
with him.

Dolores Umbridge

Dolores Umbridge introduces a seemingly endless string

of problems to the students at Hogwarts. She serves as
the Senior Undersecretary to Cornelius Fudge, the
Minister of Magic, and is extremely loyal to him. Like
Fudge, she refuses to acknowledge the return of Lord
Voldemort, and she believes that both Dumbledore and
Harry Potter are devious liars. Fudge forces Dumbledore
to appoint Umbridge as the new Defense Against the
Dark Arts teacher, and from her first moment at the
school, when she interrupts Dumbledore’s welcome
speech to give a long, tedious lecture about her role at
Hogwarts, she is massively disliked by both students and
faculty. This dislike, however, is rooted in more than just
her unpleasant personality. Defense Against the Dark
Arts is a crucial class at Hogwarts, but Umbridge refuses
to teach her students any actual Defense spells,
instructing them instead to simply read their textbooks
during class time. Her students are forced to meet in
secret. The only students who seem to respond favorably
to Umbridge’s presence are Draco Malfoy and his gang of
Slytherins, and even then only because Umbridge
expresses such a strong dislike for Harry Potter, whom
Draco has long despised.
When Umbridge is appointed High Inquisitor of
Hogwarts, her negative effect on the school increases a
hundredfold, especially for Harry. She insists on posting
new and progressively more ridiculous Educational
Decrees to the student bulletin boards. She bans Harry
from the Quidditch team and forces him to carve “I must
not tell lies” into the back of his hand until he bleeds. She
reads Harry’s mail and prevents him from corresponding
with Sirius. Ultimately, she discovers the secret meeting
place of her Dark Arts students and forces Dumbledore
to resign, effectively destroying the central spirit of
Hogwarts. Umbridge’s name is very close to the word
“umbrage,” which means “to take offense,” and this
characterization fits Umbridge perfectly. Umbridge takes
much offense at Harry and even more at the way
Hogwarts is being run: besides forcing Dumbledore’s
resignation, she fires Professor Trelawney and Hagrid and
clashes frequently with Professors McGonagall and
Snape. Umbridge ultimately gets her comeuppance, but
the damage she causes will surely linger even after her
very welcomed departure from the school.


J. K. Rowling

←Plot Overview→
Lord Voldemort has returned to power, and his wrath
has been felt in both the Muggle and Wizarding worlds.
Severus Snape, long considered an enemy of Voldemort
and a member of Dumbledore’s anti-Voldemort coalition,
the Order of the Phoenix, meets with Narcissa Malfoy,
mother of Draco and wife of Lucius, an imprisoned Death
Eater. Snape makes an Unbreakable Vow to Narcissa,
promising to protect her son, Draco.

Dumbledore heads to 4 Privet Drive to collect Harry from

his aunt and uncle. On their way to the Burrow, Harry
and Dumbledore stop to recruit Horace Slughorn to
return to teaching at Hogwarts. Harry is reunited with his
best friends, Ron and Hermione. When shopping for
schoolbooks, Harry runs into Draco and follows him to
Borgin and Burkes, where he overhears Draco
threatening Borgin and insisting that he fix an unknown
object. Harry is instantly suspicious of Draco, whom he
believes to be a Death Eater, just like his father. The
students return to school, and Dumbledore announces
that Snape will be teaching Defense Against the Dark
Arts, much to Harry’s surprise.

Harry receives a used Potions textbook that once

belonged to someone named “The Half-Blood Prince.”
Spells and amendments are written in the margins of the
book, and Harry uses the Prince’s notes to excel at
Potions. Dumbledore schedules regular meetings with
Harry in which they use Dumbledore’s pensieve to look
at memories of those who have had direct contact with
Voldemort. Dumbledore believes that if Harry can learn
enough about Voldemort’s history, it will help him when
they finally fight face to face, as the prophecy concerning
Harry foretells. Harry learns about Voldemort’s family,
including his grandfather Marvolo, his uncle Morfin, and
his mother Merope, who cast a love spell on a Muggle
and was abandoned by him when it wore off. Voldemort
was left at an orphanage and grew to be an unpleasant
and aggressive boy. Harry also learns that Voldemort has
divided his soul into seven Horcruxes. Two of these, Tom
Riddle’s diary and Marvolo’s ring, have already been
destroyed. One resides in Voldemort, one resides in a
snake, one is Merope’s locket, and the other two are
suspected to be hidden in objects belonging to
Hufflepuff, Ravenclaw, or Gryffindor.

Ron acquires a new girlfriend, Lavender, of whom

Hermione is extremely jealous. Harry feels stuck in the
middle of his friends’ bickering. Eventually, Harry falls in
love with Ginny, Ron’s sister, and Ron and Lavender
break up, making Hermione quite happy. Harry spends
much of his time keeping up with his duties as Quidditch
captain and following Draco Malfoy. Harry uses his
Marauder’s Map to keep track of Draco, but often cannot
find him on the map. Eventually, Harry realizes that when
Draco is not on the map, he is using the Room of
Requirement on the seventh floor of Hogwarts, which
transforms into whatever its user needs. Harry tries his
best to get in to see what Draco is up to, but until he
knows exactly what Draco is using the room for, he
cannot gain access. Eventually Harry and Dumbledore
leave Hogwarts together to fetch and destroy Merope’s
locket, thus making Voldemort one step closer to mortal.
They must overcome a variety of traps and challenges
before reaching the basin where the locket is hidden
under a poisonous potion. Dumbledore drinks the potion
and Harry fights off Voldemort’s Inferi. They take the
locket and return to Hogwarts as quickly as possible.
Dumbledore is quite weak, and when they reach
Hogsmeade they can see that the Dark Mark is visible
above the astronomy tower.

Harry and Dumbledore rush toward the tower. When

they arrive, Dumbledore uses his magic to freeze Harry in
place, while Harry remains hidden by his cloak of
invisibility. Draco Malfoy sprints into the room,
threatening Dumbledore’s life. Weak and with his wand
out of reach, Dumbledore stalls Draco, telling him that he
is not a killer and that the Order of the Phoenix could
protect him and his mother from Voldemort. Draco
lowers his wand, and Snape pushes into the tower. Harry
cannot move or speak, but he hears members of the
Order fighting Death Eaters below. Snape raises his wand
and kills Dumbledore, sending him flying over the edge of
the tower. When Dumbledore dies, his spell on Harry is
broken, and Harry rushes after Snape, determined to
avenge the death of his friend and headmaster. Snape
escapes, and Harry is devastated. He looks at the locket
he and Dumbledore retrieved and realizes that it is not a
Horcrux. Inside the locket is a note from someone named
“R. A. B.” Harry tells his friends he will not be returning to
Hogwarts next year and will instead search out and kill
Voldemort by destroying all of the Horcruxes. Ron and
Hermione vow to join him.

Severus Snape

Many at Hogwarts have reason to fear Severus Snape, a

reformed Death Eater now teaching at the school, who
skulks around, sneering and hissing at Harry Potter. Even
though Harry and his friends despise Snape, Dumbledore
continues to trust him implicitly, dismissing Harry’s
stories about overhearing Snape plotting with Draco and
insisting that Snape is completely trustworthy, an
irreplaceable member of the Hogwarts staff. Harry’s
father, James Potter, was also at odds with Snape, and
members of the Order of the Phoenix suggest that
Harry’s inherent dislike of Snape was inherited from
James. Harry is appropriately devastated when he learns
that Snape and his beloved Half-Blood Prince are one and
the same.
Although Harry sees Snape’s shiftiness as black and
white, Rowling is purposefully vague about Snape’s true
allegiances. Although Harry Potter and the Half-Blood
Prince features a pointed scene in which Snape makes an
Unbreakable Vow to Narcissa Malfoy, promising to
protect Draco and take over his Dark duties, if necessary,
there are still signs that point to Snape’s allegiance to
Dumbledore. Moments before Dumbledore is murdered,
Dumbledore freezes Harry, presumably to prevent him
from stopping Snape. Likewise, Dumbledore appears to
be stalling Draco until Snape can arrive, after specifically
requesting that Harry call for Snape and not Madam
Pomfrey— making it seem possible that Dumbledore
wishes for Snape to be his killer. When Harry chases after
Snape, Snape prevents Harry from casting any death
spells, but once again does not try to kill Harry himself.
Snape is an extremely complex and multi-faceted

Horace Slughorn
An unlikely candidate for a teaching position at
Hogwarts, Horace Slughorn is a strange, hopelessly self-
serving professor. Although Slughorn’s intentions are
usually good, and his behavior is almost always harmless,
he has extreme difficulty seeing past his own needs and
desires. Occasionally, Slughorn’s greediness works out
for the best. When Draco sends a bottle of poisoned
Mead intended for Dumbledore, Slughorn keeps it for
himself. Ron ends up getting sick from the drink but is
saved by Harry, and Slughorn inadvertently prevents
Dumbledore from being poisoned. Slughorn maintains a
small group of potentially influential wizards (known as
the Slug Club) that he romances with parties and special
meetings. However, if a student is of no particular use to
Slughorn, as is Ron Weasley, he gives that student no
attention whatsoever. Slughorn is usually unable to
remember Ron’s name, but he is quite attentive to Harry
and Hermione, whom he considers important and
potentially useful to him.
As later revealed in Dumbledore’s Pensieve, Slughorn
was the first to tell Voldemort, then a Slug Club member
and Hogwarts student named Tom Riddle, about
Horcruxes. Slughorn was obviously embarrassed by this
memory, as it implicated him as being far too carefree
with the students he considered the most potentially
powerful. Slughorn concealed and changed the memory
but eventually gives up the real one, sacrificing his own
reputation with Dumbledore to help Harry avenge his
parents’ death.


J. K. Rowling

←Plot Overview→
At Malfoy Manor, Snape tells Voldemort the date that
Harry’s friends are planning to move him from the house
on Privet Drive to a new safe location, so that Voldemort
can capture Harry en route.
As Harry packs to leave Privet Drive, he reads two
obituaries for Dumbledore, both of which make him
think that he didn’t know Dumbledore as well as he
should have. Downstairs, he bids good-bye to the
Dursleys for the final time, as the threat of Voldemort
forces them to go into hiding themselves.

The Order of the Phoenix, led by Alastor “Mad-Eye”

Moody, arrives to take Harry to his new home at the
Weasleys’ house, the Burrow. Six of Harry’s friends take
Polyjuice Potion to disguise themselves as Harry and act
as decoys, and they all fly off in different directions. The
Death Eaters, alerted to their departure by Snape, attack
Harry and his friends. Voldemort chases Harry down, but
Harry’s wand fends Voldemort off, seemingly without
Harry’s help.

Harry arrives at the Burrow, and when his friends get

there, he learns that Moody has been killed and George
Weasley maimed in the chase. Harry begins to have
visions in which he sees what Voldemort is doing through
Voldemort’s eyes, and witnesses Voldemort interrogating
a wand maker, trying to find out how to defeat Harry.

Harry, Ron, and Hermione assemble the books and tools

necessary to embark on the quest that Dumbledore left
them: to find and destroy the Horcruxes into which
Voldemort placed fragments of his soul, making himself
immortal as long as the objects survive. Rufus
Scrimgeour, the Minister of Magic, delivers to them the
items Dumbledore left them in his will. Harry is left the
Snitch he caught in his first Quidditch match, as well as
the Sword of Gryffindor, which Scrimgeour does not give
him, claiming it did not belong to Dumbledore. Ron is left
a device called a Deluminator that turns lights off, and
Hermione is left a book of wizard fairy tales. None of
them have any idea what the items mean.

The Weasleys host the wedding of their son Bill to Fleur

Delacour. At the reception, Harry hears Ron’s Aunt
Muriel telling terrible rumors about Dumbledore: that his
sister was a Squib (a non-magical person born to wizard
parents) kept prisoner by her family, and that
Dumbledore had dabbled in the Dark Arts as a young
man. The wedding is interrupted by Death Eaters, as
Voldemort has taken over the Ministry of Magic and is
now in charge of the wizarding world.

Harry, Ron, and Hermione Disapparate (i.e., teleport) to a

busy street in London, where they are soon attacked by
Death Eaters. They find safe haven in the enchanted
house left to Harry by Sirius Black, Number Twelve
Grimmauld Place. There, they discover the significance of
the letters R.A.B. In the previous book, Harry Potter and
the Half-Blood Prince, Harry and Dumbledore had
undergone trials to find a locket that Voldemort had
made into a Horcrux, but at the end they found that the
locket had been stolen, with a fake locket and note left
behind, signed R.A.B. Now, they see that the initials
belong to Sirius’s dead younger brother, Regulus
Arcturus Black, who had been one of Voldemort’s
followers. They remember that they have seen a locket in
the house that is now gone.

Harry and his friends summon Kreacher, the house-elf

who came with the house. Kreacher explains that
Voldemort had used him to test the magical defenses
guarding the locket, having borrowed him from Regulus.
Afterward, Regulus had a change of heart about serving
Voldemort, and Kreacher had helped him to steal the
locket and leave the fake one in its place. The real locket
had been in Kreacher’s possession for many years, but
was recently stolen by Mundungus Fletcher. Harry orders
Kreacher to find Mundungus and bring him back.

Kreacher returns later with Mundungus, who reveals that

the locket was confiscated from him by Dolores
Umbridge, a senior official at the Ministry of Magic. Ron,
Harry, and Hermione disguise themselves as Ministry
employees and sneak into the Ministry, stealing the
locket from Umbridge, while witnessing the Ministry’s
efforts to persecute wizards who don’t come from
pureblood wizard families.

As they Disapparate back to the house on Grimmauld

Place, Hermione accidentally leads one of the Death
Eaters inside the protective enchantments, so they are
forced to abandon the house and go on the run, moving
from place to place and camping in the woods. They
don’t know where to look for the next Horcrux, and they
don’t know how to destroy the locket, which is protected
by powerful magic. Harry has a vision of Voldemort
tracking down another famous wand maker and looking
for a young man who stole a wand.

One night, in the forest, Harry and friends overhear a

goblin saying that the Sword of Gryffindor that had been
in the headmaster’s office at Hogwarts is a fake. Harry
realizes that the real Sword of Gryffindor has the power
to destroy Horcruxes, and that they need to find it. Ron,
frustrated at their lack of progress, gets fed up and
abandons Harry and Hermione.
Harry and Hermione go to Godric’s Hollow, where they
visit the graves of Harry’s parents and see the house
where he lived before Voldemort killed them. An old
woman named Bathilda Bagshot leads them into her
house, and they follow, hoping that she knew
Dumbledore and can give them the sword, but she turns
out to be dead, her body inhabited by Voldemort’s
snake, Nagini. They barely escape, and Harry’s wand is
destroyed in the fight.

Harry reads the new (and malicious) biography of

Dumbledore, which claims that Dumbledore helped the
Dark wizard Grindelwald as a young man and may have
been responsible for his own sister’s death. Harry
recognizes in a photograph in the book the young man
whom Voldemort is seeking, and it is Grindelwald.

One night, while Harry is keeping watch, a silver doe

Patronus appears and leads him to the Sword of
Gryffindor, buried beneath the ice in a pond. Harry dives
in, and the locket Horcrux around his neck tries to
strangle him. Ron, who has returned, saves Harry,
recovers the sword, and destroys the locket.

Harry, Ron, and Hermione go to visit Xenophilius

Lovegood, because Hermione has discovered a strange
symbol in the book Dumbledore left her, and they had
seen Xenophilius wearing it. Xenophilius explains that the
symbol represents the Deathly Hallows, three objects—
the Elder Wand, Resurrection Stone, and Invisibility
Cloak—that were made by Death and that give the
owner of the three objects mastery over death.

Xenophilius betrays them to the Death Eaters, hoping to

free his daughter Luna, whom the Ministry has
imprisoned, and they narrowly escape from his house.
Harry is tempted to pursue the Hallows and abandon his
quest for the Horcruxes. Harry accidentally says
Voldemort’s name, which triggers a tracking spell, and
they are caught by Voldemort’s followers and taken to
Malfoy Manor.
At Malfoy Manor, Bellatrix Lestrange tortures Hermione
for information about where they got the sword they are
carrying, since she thought it was in her vault at
Gringotts bank. She is very concerned about anything
else they might have taken. Dobby, the Malfoys’ former
house-elf, helps Harry and his friends to escape, along
with Ollivander the wand maker, Luna Lovegood, and
Griphook the goblin. Harry takes them all to Ron’s
brother Bill’s cottage.

Harry guesses that Voldemort has a Horcrux stored in

Bellatrix’s vault, since she seemed so worried about it,
and he persuades Griphook the goblin to help him break
into the vault. With Griphook’s help, Harry, Ron, and
Hermione break in and steal the Hufflepuff Cup from the
vault, then escape on the back of a dragon.

Harry learns from a vision of Voldemort’s that the final

Horcrux is at Hogwarts, so they travel to the nearby
village of Hogsmeade. There they meet Aberforth,
Dumbledore’s brother, who helps them get into
Hogwarts through a painting by summoning Neville
Longbottom, who has been organizing meetings of
Dumbledore’s Army in the hidden Room of Requirement.
Harry asks the members of the D.A., who are all his
supporters, if they can think of an important item
associated with the school, hoping such an item might be
the final Horcrux. The Ravenclaw students tell him about
the lost diadem of Ravenclaw.

While Harry looks for the diadem, the professors and

students of Hogwarts rally to his defense, having been
warned that Voldemort is on his way. Voldemort and his
followers attack the school in a great battle, and Harry
finds and destroys the diadem Horcrux.

Harry witnesses Voldemort murdering Snape in order to

take possession of Dumbledore’s powerful wand (since
Snape killed Dumbledore, Snape is presumably the
wand’s true master until someone kills him). Before he
dies, Snape gives Harry his memories, extracted for
viewing in the Pensieve.

Harry goes to the Pensieve in the headmaster’s office

and views the most important moments of Snape’s life.
He learns that he has been completely mistaken about
Snape, who loved Harry’s mother, Lily Potter, his whole
life. Snape had spent his entire adult life spying on
Voldemort for Dumbledore and working to protect Harry.

From one of Snape’s conversations with Dumbledore,

Harry learns that there’s a piece of Voldemort’s soul
inside him (Harry is in fact the final Horcrux), and that he
will have to let Voldemort kill him before Voldemort can
die. He goes into the forest and lets Voldemort kill him,
then wakes up in a dreamlike version of King’s Cross train
station, where Dumbledore meets him and tells him that
he hasn’t died, and that the protective charm Lily Potter
placed on Harry is kept alive inside of Voldemort,
because Voldemort used Harry’s blood to reconstitute
himself. Thus, Voldemort could not kill Harry, and Harry
can now go back and finish him off.

Voldemort takes Harry, whom he believes to be dead,

back to Hogwarts to demand its surrender. The students
and teachers defy Voldemort, and Neville uses the Sword
of Gryffindor to kill the giant snake, Nagini, which was
the last Horcrux keeping Voldemort invulnerable. A final
battle erupts, and Harry reveals that he’s still alive, going
on to kill Voldemort in a duel.

In an Epilogue set nineteen years later, Harry is married

to Ginny and is sending their children to Hogwarts. Ron
and Hermione are married, and their families are both

Severus Snape

Chapter Thirty-Three brings us the long-awaited truth

about Snape, beginning with his childhood and stretching
almost to his death. After reading his life story, we see
the explanations of many of the mysteries and enigmas
that have surrounded this character, and yet he remains
full of intriguing contradictions.
As a child he both is and is not an appealing and likable
character. We want to take his side, because he has a
father who doesn’t love him and a mother who dresses
him, to his humiliation, in ugly rags. Also appealing is his
obvious devotion to Lily, his urgent desire to make her
his friend. And yet he has already developed unattractive
qualities out of his reaction to the obstacles he faces. He
is secretive and closed to most people, and resentful of
most of the world. He wants to be special, and wants to
have a special friend in Lily, scorning her Muggle sister.
And in his secretiveness and desire to be special, he is
somewhat sneaky, opening Petunia’s letter and telling
Lily about it.
These contradictions continue during his school years at
Hogwarts, and come between him and Lily. He continues
to adore her and stay loyal to her, but his contempt for
the Muggles who mistreated him and his desire to be
special lead him into pureblood views that are offensive
to Lily, and lead him to associate with other Slytherins
who see themselves as special and superior. His need to
cling to Lily, which is the downside of his loyalty to her,
leads him to jealously resent James Potter. He develops a
mixture of bad qualities partially redeemed by his loyalty
and love.

After Lily tells him that they’re no longer friends, Snape

joins Voldemort and becomes a Death Eater. The one
unforgivable thing he does is to tell Voldemort about
Professor Trelawney’s prediction regarding the boy who
can destroy Voldemort, unwittingly putting Lily Potter’s
life in jeopardy. Yet Dumbledore offers him a chance to
redeem himself, and Snape remains true to his promise
even after Lily dies, staying faithful to her by protecting
her son. Thereafter, the mixture of bad and good
qualities is more a matter of surface appearance. On the
surface, Snape appears to be greasy, sinister, and
vindictive, but he is in reality the bravest and most
reliable of Dumbledore’s supporters.
Spells in Harry Potter occur in the fictional wizarding
world of the series of books by author J. K. Rowling.
Magic spells are used by many of the characters to
achieve useful effects without the benefit of modern
technology. The main depiction of a "spell" in the Harry
Potter books consists of a gesture made with the
character's wand, combined with a spoken or mental
incantation. In the books and the associated film series,
the names of the majority of these spells or the
incantations used to effect them are derived from the
classical languages, particularly Latin.[1] These names are
not grammatically correct in any language; most spoken
phrases resemble Latin words of appropriate meaning
but are not proper Latin themselves.

Spells are listed here by their incantations (when known),
with their vernacular names in parentheses. Some spells
have no known incantation – the only reference in the
text is by an informal name, either because in its only
appearance in the relevant book it was cast nonverbally,
or because it was never depicted in the books, only
mentioned. The majority of spells cast in duels between
adult characters in all seven books appear nonverbally;
only their effects can identify such spells.


Accio (Summoning Charm)

Pronunciation: Various suggestions have been made,
/ˈækioʊ/ ak-ee-oh – film
/ˈæksioʊ/ ak-see-oh – UK audio book and video game
/ˈæsioʊ/ as-see-oh – U.S. audio book
/ˈætʃioʊ/ at-chee-oh – Anglo-Catholic pronunciation
Description: This charm summons an object to the caster,
potentially over a significant distance.[2] Its opposite is
the Banishing Charm.
Seen/mentioned: First mentioned in Harry Potter and the
Goblet of Fire, when it was briefly used by Molly Weasley
on the Weasley twins to confiscate their Weasleys'
Wizard Wheezes' products from their pockets, before
they left for the Quidditch World Cup. Hermione was also
mentioned trying to learn this charm during her ride
aboard the Hogwarts Express. Later on in the same book,
Harry summons his broom to complete the First Task of
the Triwizard Tournament.[GF Ch.20] Near the end of the
book, Harry uses it to summon the Triwizard Cup after he
encounters Voldemort. When Ron goes mad in the
department of mysteries in Order of the Phoenix, he
attempts to use it to summon a brain. Harry uses this
spell to summon Hagrid in Harry Potter and the Deathly
Hallows but fails.
(Age Line Spell)
Description: Creates a thin, shimmering line that can only
be passed by people of a set age. Aging potions are
useless against age lines. Incantation unknown. As
demonstrated by Fred and George Weasley, attempting
to use an aging potion and stepping over the line appears
to work, but moments later they are seen with grey hair
and beards. It is unknown whether the ageing potion
causes this alongside the age line spell.
Seen/mentioned: Seen in Harry Potter and the Goblet of
Fire to prevent underage students entering the Triwizard

Pronunciation: /ˌɑːɡwəˈmɛnti/ ah-gwə-men-tee
Description: Produces a jet of water from the caster's
Seen/mentioned: First seen in Goblet of Fire, when Fleur
put the fire out on her skirt "with a bit of water from her
wand." First named in Half-Blood Prince, when Harry is
being taught how to perform this specific charm in
Professor Flitwick's class. Later Harry casts this spell in an
attempt to create water for Dumbledore to drink after
taking Voldemort's potion[HBP Ch.26], and again to
douse Hagrid's hut after it is set on fire.[HBP Ch.28][DH

Pronunciation: /əˌloʊhəˈmɔərə/ ə-loh-hə-mohr-ə
Description: Used to open and/or unlock doors,[3] but
doors can be bewitched so that this spell has no
effect.[PS Ch.16]
Seen/mentioned: Used throughout the series, with the
first use by Hermione in Harry Potter and the
Philosopher's Stone. Used gradually less in the series as
the characters discover more and more doors, chests,
etc. with counter-charms on them. For example, the
doors into Professor Snape's and Professor Umbridge's
offices are mentioned as being Alohomora-proof.
Notes: J. K. Rowling stated that the word was from the
West African Sidiki dialect used in geomancy and has the
literal meaning Friendly to thieves.[4]
Pronunciation: /əˈnæpniːoʊ/ ə-nap-nee-oh
Description: Clears the target's airway, if blocked.
Seen/mentioned: Shown in Harry Potter and the Half-
Blood Prince, Horace Slughorn casts this spell on Marcus
Belby when the latter begins to choke.[HBP Ch.7]
(Anti-Cheating Spell)
Description: Cast on parchment or quills to prevent the
writer from cheating whilst writing answers.
Seen/mentioned: Mentioned in Harry Potter and the
Philosopher's Stone and Harry Potter and the Order of
the Phoenix as being cast on quills and exam papers for
exams at Hogwarts.[PS Ch.16]
(Anti-Disapparition Jinx)
Description: Used to prevent Disapparition and/or
Apparition in an area for a period. Presumably can be
used to prevent an enemy from entering a defended
area, or used to trap an enemy in an area.
Seen/mentioned: Mentioned in Order of the Phoenix,
used by Dumbledore to trap several Death Eaters in the
Department of Mysteries.[OotP Ch.36] Also cast long ago
on Hogwarts, the reason why, as Hermione quotes often
throughout the series, "no one can Apparate or
Disapparate inside the Hogwarts grounds."
Pronunciation: /ˌæpəˈriːsiəm/ ap-ə-ree-see-əm
Description: This spell makes invisible ink appear.
Seen/mentioned: First seen in Harry Potter and the
Chamber of Secrets, when Hermione tries to make
hidden writing appear in Tom Marvolo Riddle's diary.[CS
Notes: See also Specialis Revelio.

Avada Kedavra (Killing Curse)

Pronunciation: /əˈvɑːdə kəˈdɑːvrə/ ə-vah-də kə-dah-vrə
Description: Causes instant, painless death to whomever
the curse hits. There is no countercurse or method of
blocking this spell; however, if someone sacrifices their
life for someone else, the person who was saved will not
encounter any adverse effects of any curses by the
specific attacker (e.g. when Lily Potter sacrificed her life
for Harry Potter at Voldemort's hands, Harry became
immune to curses cast by Voldemort). One of the three
Unforgivable Curses.
Survivors: Only two people in the history of the magical
world are known to have survived the killing curse –
Harry Potter and Voldemort; the latter was only saved by
his horcruxes. Harry was hit twice directly. Phoenixes can
also survive a killing curse. They burst into flame as they
would do in old age and are reborn from the ashes. This
occurred in Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix.
Seen/mentioned: First said (not by name) at the
beginning of the first book when Harry arrives at the
Dursleys' home. Seen first in Goblet of Fire against
Muggle Frank Bryce, and in every book following.
Suggested etymology: During an audience interview at
the Edinburgh Book Festival (15 April 2004) Rowling said:
"Does anyone know where Avada Kedavra came from? It
is an ancient spell in Aramaic, and it is the original of
Abracadabra, which means 'let the thing be destroyed'.
Originally, it was used to cure illness and the 'thing' was
the illness, but I decided to make it the 'thing' as in the
person standing in front of me. I take a lot of liberties
with things like that. I twist them round and make them
mine."[5] Rowling's use of this name may have been
influenced by Latin cadaver = "corpse".

Pronunciation: /ˈeɪvᵻs/ ay-vis
Description: This charm creates a flock of birds from the
caster's wand. When coupled with Oppugno, it can be
used offensively.
Seen/mentioned: Shown in Goblet of Fire, cast by Mr
Ollivander to test Viktor Krum's wand.[GF Ch.18] In Half-
Blood Prince, it is cast by Hermione, followed by
Oppugno which causes the birds to attack Ron.[HBP
(Babbling Curse)
Description: The Babbling Curse is presumed to cause a
person to babble whenever they try to speak.
Seen/mentioned: In Chamber of Secrets, Gilderoy
Lockhart falsely claimed to have cured this curse.
(Banishing Charm)
Description: Opposite to "Accio". Banishes the object the
spell is performed on.
Seen/mentioned: Seen in Goblet of Fire, cast by
Hermione on a cushion in their Charms class. Harry also
perfectly banishes a cushion during this lesson.
(Bat-Bogey Hex)
Description: Grotesquely enlarges the target's bogeys,
gives them wings, and sets them attacking the target.
Seen/mentioned: Ginny Weasley is depicted as an
accomplished caster of this particular spell.[OotP Ch.6]
She is shown to use it in Order of the Phoenix on Draco
Malfoy,[OotP Ch.33] and in Half-Blood Prince on
Zacharias Smith.[HBP Ch.7][6]
(Bedazzling Hex)
Description: Similar to a Disillusionment Charm, it can be
used to conceal a person or an object. Is also used to
make invisibility cloaks.
Seen/mentioned: Mentioned in Deathly Hallows by
Xenophilius Lovegood when speaking of the different
methods by which Invisibility Cloaks may be created.
(Bubble-Head Charm)
Description: Puts a large bubble of air around the head of
the user. Used as a magical equivalent of a scuba set or
self-contained breathing apparatus.
Seen/mentioned: in Goblet of Fire, Cedric Diggory and
Fleur Delacour use this charm underwater in the second
task of the Triwizard Tournament.[GF Ch.26] In Order of
the Phoenix, it is described as used by many Hogwarts
students when walking through the hallways, because of
the bad smells caused by the various pranks played on
Dolores Umbridge.[OotP Ch.30]
(Caterwauling Charm)
Description: Anyone entering the perimeter of a
Caterwauling Charm sets off a high-pitched shriek.
Seen/mentioned: Mentioned in Deathly Hallows, cast by
Death Eaters over Hogsmeade to protect against
intruders.[DH Ch.28]
Note: Similar to an intruder charm: they both produce an
alarm if the vicinity is disturbed.[citation needed]
Cave Inimicum
Pronunciation: /ˈkɑːveɪ ɪnɪˈmiːkəm/ kah-vay i-ni-mee-
Description: Spell used to strengthen an enclosure from
Seen/mentioned: Shown only in Deathly Hallows, cast by
Hermione and Harry Potter to strengthen their
campsites' defences.[DH Ch.22]
(Cheering Charm)
Description: Causes the person upon whom the spell was
cast to become happy and contented, though heavy-
handedness with the spell may cause the person to break
into an uncontrollable laughing fit.
Seen/mentioned: First seen in Harry Potter and the
Prisoner of Azkaban.[PA Ch.15]
Pronunciation: /kɒloʊˈpɔːrtəs/ kol-o-por-təs
Description: Magically locks a door, preventing it from
being opened by Muggle means.[7]
Seen/mentioned: First in Order of the Phoenix, cast by
Hermione in the Department of Mysteries.
Notes: This spell functions as the counter spell to
(Colour-Change Charm)
Description: Changes an object's colour.
Seen/mentioned: Attempted by Ron on initial trip to
Hogwarts; mentioned in Harry's Ordinary Wizarding
Levels in Order of the Phoenix;[OotP Ch.31] also used by
Harry on Ron's Chudley Cannon's poster when the Trace
was lifted.
Confringo (Blasting Curse)
Pronunciation: /kɒnˈfrɪŋɡoʊ/ kon-fring-goh
Description: Causes anything that the spell meets to
explode in flames.
Seen/mentioned: Seen only in Deathly Hallows. In the
opening chapters, it is cast by Harry to destroy the
sidecar of the flying motorbike.[DH Ch.4] Later, it is used
by Hermione in an attempt to kill Nagini and facilitate an
escape from Bathilda Bagshot's house in Godric's
Hollow.[DH Ch.17]

Confundo (Confundus Charm)

Pronunciation: /kɒnˈfʌndoʊ/ kon-fun-doh
Description: Causes the victim to become confused,
befuddled, overly forgetful and prone to follow simple
orders without thinking about them.
Seen/mentioned: First mentioned in Prisoner of Azkaban,
when Severus Snape suggests that Harry and Hermione
had been Confunded to believe Sirius Black's claim to
innocence.[PA Ch.21] In Goblet of Fire, it is suggested
that a powerful Confundus Charm is responsible for the
Goblet choosing a fourth Triwizard contestant.[GF Ch.17]
It is first seen in action when Hermione uses it on Cormac
McLaggen during Quidditch tryouts in Half-Blood
Prince.[HBP Ch.11]
(Conjunctivitus Curse)
Description: A curse that causes great pain to the victim's
Seen/mentioned: It is suggested by Sirius in Goblet of
Fire as a means for defeating a dragon for the first task of
the Triwizard Tournament, and used by Krum for this
purpose.[GF Ch.19, 20] Mentioned in Order of the
Phoenix as cast by Madame Maxime against giants.[OotP
Crucio (Cruciatus Curse)
Cruciatus redirects here. For the ligaments in the knee,
see Cruciate ligament.
Pronunciation: /ˈkruːsioʊ/ krew-see-oh
Description: Inflicts unbearable pain on the recipient of
the curse.[HP4] One of the three Unforgivable Curses.
Seen/mentioned: First seen in Goblet of Fire introduced
by Barty Crouch Jr. (acting as Moody) and used on a
spider. Used regularly by the Death Eaters as torture, and
by Voldemort as punishment, even against his servants.

Defodio (Gouging Spell)

Pronunciation: /dɛˈfoʊdioʊ/ de-foh-dee-oh
Description: Can carve or dig out materials, such as stone
and steel.
Seen/mentioned: Cast by Harry, Ron and Hermione in
Deathly Hallows to help dig their way out of the
Gringotts Tunnels.[DH Ch.26]
Pronunciation: /dᵻˈliːtriəs/ də-lee-tree-əs
Description: Removes or dismisses the effect of Prior
Seen/mentioned: Seen only in Goblet of Fire when Amos
Diggory gets rid of the echo of the Dark Mark from
Harry's wand.[GF Ch.9]
Pronunciation: /dɛnˈsɔːdʒiːoʊ/ den-saw-jee-oh
Description: Causes the teeth of the recipient to grow at
an alarming rate.
Seen/mentioned: Seen only in Goblet of Fire, cast by
Draco on Harry, which is then deflected onto
Hermione.[GF Ch.18]
Pronunciation: /ˈdɛprᵻmoʊ/ dep-rim-oh
Description: A very powerful wind that can loosen and/or
soften a variety of things; it can also be used to detach
Seen/mentioned: Introduced in Deathly Hallows when
Hermione casts this to blast a hole in the Lovegoods'
living room floor.[DH Ch.21]

Pronunciation: /dɛˈsɛndoʊ/ de-sen-doh
Description: Makes things sink, or go down.
Seen/mentioned: Seen twice in Deathly Hallows, it is cast
by Ron to magically cause the stairs in his room to
descend,[DH Ch.6] and later by Crabbe in the Room of
Requirement to lower the wall behind which Ron is
hiding.[DH Ch.31]

Diffindo (Severing Charm)

Pronunciation: /dɪˈfɪndoʊ/ di-fin-doh
Description: Cuts or rips objects.
Seen/mentioned: In Goblet of Fire when Ron wants to
get rid of the lace on his dress robes. In Goblet of Fire
when Harry urgently wants to talk to Cedric he casts this
spell to rip his bag, delaying him for class.[GF Ch.9] In
Half-Blood Prince when Harry swaps the cover of the
Half-Blood Prince's copy of Advanced Potion-Making with
the cover of a new copy, allowing him to keep the
Prince's notes under the guise of a new book.
(Disillusionment Charm)
Description: Causes the target to become invisible, or
close to it.
Seen/mentioned: First in Harry Potter and the
Philosopher's Stone, when Dumbledore tells Harry that
he does not need a cloak to become invisible. In Order of
the Phoenix, Moody casts this charm on Harry.[OotP
Ch.3, 4] Xenophilius Lovegood mentions, in Deathly
Hallows, that Invisibility Cloaks are sometimes created by
casting a Disillusionment Charm on a regular cloak.[DH
Pronunciation: /ˈdjʊəroʊ/ dewr-oh
Description: Makes the object hard.
Seen/mentioned: Seen in Deathly Hallows, cast by
Hermione while escaping from Death Eaters in
Hogwarts.[DH Ch.32]

Engorgio (Engorgement Charm)

Pronunciation: /ɛŋˈɡɔːrdʒioʊ/ eng-gor-jee-oh
Description: Causes objects to swell in size.
Seen/mentioned: A "Growth Charm" with the same
effect is briefly mentioned. Hagrid is suspected of having
performed the charm on his pumpkins in Chamber of
Secrets. Also seen in Goblet of Fire when Barty Crouch Jr,
impersonating Moody, casts it on a spider to enhance a
demonstration of the effects of the Cruciatus Curse.
(Entrail-Expelling Curse)
Description: Presumably causes the entrails (i.e.
intestines) to be ejected from the body.
Seen/mentioned: First mentioned in Order of the
Phoenix when Harry visits St Mungo's following Arthur
Weasley's attack by Nagini while guarding the
Department of Mysteries.
Pronunciation: /ɛˈpɪskiː/ e-pis-kee
Description: Used to heal relatively minor injuries. When
this spell is cast, the person feels his/her injured body
part go very hot and then very cold.
Seen/mentioned: Used in Goblet of Fire after the first
task of the Triwizard Tournament. In Half-Blood Prince,
Nymphadora Tonks uses this spell to fix Harry's broken
nose; also used by Harry in the same book to fix Demelza
Robins' mouth.
Suggested etymology: Greek episkeu meaning "repair,
Notes: Rowling writes in Half-Blood Prince that Harry's
knowledge tells him this spell could belong to a family (or
variety) of Healing Spells.

Pronunciation: /ɛˈrɛktoʊ/ e-rek-toh
Description: Used to erect something.
Seen/mentioned: Possibly used in Goblet of Fire by
wizards at the campsites near the Quidditch World Cup.
Used by Hermione and Harry in Deathly Hallows.
Evanesco (Vanishing Spell)
Pronunciation: /ɛvəˈnɛskoʊ/ ev-ə-nes-koh
Description: Makes the target vanish.
Seen/mentioned: Used in Order of the Phoenix by Snape
to make Harry's potions disappear from his cauldron. In
addition, when Fred and George were showing off their
puking pastilles, Lee Jordan cleared the bucket of vomit
with the Evanesco spell.
Notes: According to Minerva McGonagall, in Deathly
Hallows, Vanished objects and organisms go "into non-
being, which is to say, everything."

Expecto Patronum (Patronus Charm)

Pronunciation: /ɛksˈpɛktoʊ pəˈtroʊnəm/ eks-pek-toh pə-
Description: Conjures an incarnation of the caster's
innermost positive feelings, such as joy or hope, known
as a Patronus. A Patronus is conjured as a protector, and
is a weapon rather than a predator of souls: Patronuses
shield their conjurors from Dementors or Lethifolds, and
can even drive them away. They are also used amongst
the Order of the Phoenix to send messages.[9] According
to Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them, the Charm
is the only known defensive spell against Lethifolds.
Seen/mentioned: First seen in Prisoner of Azkaban when
a Dementor appears in the Hogwarts Express, and
Hermione says that Remus Lupin repelled the Dementor
by casting a silvery object from his wand. Harry's
corporeal Patronus first appears in a Quidditch game,
and other characters throughout the rest of the series
use it.

Expelliarmus (Disarming Charm)

Pronunciation: /ɛksˌpɛliˈɑːrməs/ eks-pel-ee-ar-məs
Description: This spell is used to disarm another wizard,
typically by causing the victim's wand to fly out of
Seen/mentioned: First seen in Chamber of Secrets, when
Snape disarms Gilderoy Lockhart in the Duelling Club;
from then on it is commonly used throughout the rest of
the series. Draco uses it to disarm Dumbledore and Harry
used it during his first (Goblet of Fire) and last duel
(Deathly Hallows) with Voldemort. As such, at the
beginning of Deathly Hallows, Death Eaters consider it
Harry Potter's trademark and correctly identify Harry by
the sight of this spell.

Pronunciation: /ɛkˈspʊlsoʊ/ ek-spuul-soh
Description: A spell that causes an object to explode. The
force of the explosion may depend on the intent of the
Seen/mentioned: Used by a Death Eater in an attempt to
capture Harry in The Deathly Hallows, it struck the table
that Harry was standing behind, causing an explosion
that slammed him into a wall with great force.
Pronunciation: /ˈfɛrʊlə/ ferr-uul-ə
Description: Creates a bandage and a splint.
Seen/mentioned: Used by Lupin in Prisoner of Azkaban
to bind Ron's broken leg.
(Fidelius Charm)
Description: A charm involving secret information hidden
within the soul of a Secret-Keeper. This information is
irretrievable until the Secret-Keeper chooses to reveal it;
those who have the secret revealed to them cannot
reveal it to others.
Seen/mentioned: In Prisoner of Azkaban, it is explained
that when Harry was an infant, he and his parents, James
and Lily Potter, were hidden from Voldemort by this
charm. Later, in Order of the Phoenix, the charm is used
to hide the location of the headquarters for the Order of
the Phoenix. Order members in Deathly Hallows also use
it to protect their homes.
Notes: Rowling previously stated that when a Secret-
Keeper dies, the Secret they held can never be revealed
to anyone else; the people who were told before the
Secret-Keeper's death will still know the secret, but after
the death of the Secret-Keeper no one new can be
brought into the circle of knowledge.[12] However, in
Deathly Hallows, it is explained that upon the Keeper's
death, all those who have been told the secret become
Secret-Keepers in turn, and can pass the secret on to
(Fiendfyre Curse)
Description: Dangerous, hard to control and extremely
powerful cursed fire which can take the form of beasts
such as serpents, Chimeras, and dragons.
Seen/mentioned: In Deathly Hallows, Vincent Crabbe
uses Fiendfyre in the Room of Requirement against
Harry, Ron, and Hermione who manage to escape on
broomsticks with Draco and Goyle.[DH Ch.31]
Notes: It is only used by Crabbe throughout in Deathly
Hallows, who Harry believes learned it from the
Carrows[DH Ch.31] during their tenure as teachers at
Hogwarts. Therefore, Crabbe inadvertently destroyed
one of Lord Voldemort's Horcruxes.

Finite Incantatem
Pronunciation: /fɪˈniːteɪ ˌɪŋkənˈtɑːtəm/ fi-nee-tay in-kən-
Description: Negates many spells or the effects of many
Seen/mentioned: Snape uses it in Chamber of Secrets to
restore order in the Duelling Club when Harry and Draco
are duelling. Lupin uses the short form "Finite" in Order
of the Phoenix. It was suggested to Ron Weasley (whose
appearance at the time was that of Reg Cattermole, a
maintenance worker in the Ministry of Magic) that this
incantation might work to stop a rainstorm in a Ministry
office when Harry, Hermione and Ron infiltrated the
Ministry of Magic in search of the Slytherin Locket in
Deathly Hallows.
Pronunciation: /fləˈɡreɪtiː/ flə-gray-tee
Description: With this spell, the caster's wand can leave
fiery marks.
Seen/mentioned: Cast by Tom Riddle in The Chamber of
Secrets to spell out 'Tom Marvolo Riddle' and unscramble
it to 'I am Lord Voldemort'. Also cast by Hermione in
Order of the Phoenix to identify doors of the Department
of Mysteries which members of Dumbledore's Army had
already opened, by marking them with an 'X'.
(Flame-Freezing Charm)
Description: Causes fire to become harmless to those
caught in it, creating only a gentle, tickling sensation
instead of burns.
Seen/mentioned: Mentioned in the first chapter of
Prisoner of Azkaban in the book History of Magic which
Harry is reading to do his homework. Witches and
wizards used this spell during medieval burnings.
(Flying Charm)
Description: Cast on broomsticks, and (presumably)
magic carpets to make them fly.
Seen/mentioned: Draco mentioned this spell when
tauntingly asking Ron why would anyone cast a Flying
Charm on Ron's broomstick in Order of the Phoenix
during Ron's first Quidditch practice. It is also mentioned
in Quidditch Through the Ages.
(Freezing Charm)
Description: Renders target immobile.
Seen/mentioned: According to Horace Slughorn, a
Freezing Charm will also disable a Muggle burglar alarm.
Furnunculus (Furnunculus Curse)
Pronunciation: /fərˈnʌŋkjᵿləs/ fər-nung-kew-ləs
Description: Causes the target to become covered in
Seen/mentioned: Used by Harry in Goblet of Fire on
Draco, but was deflected onto Goyle instead. Also used
later in the book when Draco tried to harass Harry on the
Hogwarts Express and was hit with a barrage of curses,
including the Furnuculus Curse (which was cast by
Harry).[GF Ch.37]

Pronunciation: /dʒɛˈmɪnioʊ/ je-min-ee-oh
Description: Creates a duplicate of any object upon
which it is cast. As revealed by the goblin Griphook, any
copies created are worthless. The duplicate lasts several
hours. Magical properties, at least of a Horcrux, are not
Seen/mentioned: Used by Hermione in Deathly Hallows
to copy Salazar Slytherin's locket to hide their tracks from
(Gemino Curse)
Description: Whenever an object affected by this curse is
touched, it duplicates itself into many useless copies to
hide the original. To add confusion and eventually fill the
surrounding area with copies, the copies also duplicate.
Seen/mentioned: Seen in Deathly Hallows when Harry,
Ron, Hermione, and Griphook break into the Lestrange
vault in Gringotts. Used to great effect as the room fills
with useless duplicates.
Pronunciation: /ˈɡlɪsioʊ/ glis-ee-oh or /ɡlɪˈseɪoʊ/ gli-say-
Description: Causes the steps on a stairway to flatten and
form a ramp or slide.
Seen/mentioned: Used by Hermione to escape from
pursuing Death Eaters in Deathly Hallows. Used on the
girls' dormitory to ensure that boys cannot enter.
(Gripping Charm)
Description: Used to help someone grip something with
more effectiveness. This charm is placed upon Quaffles
to help Chasers carry the Quaffle whilst simultaneously
holding their brooms.
Seen/mentioned: Mentioned in Quidditch Through the
(Hair Loss Curse)
Description: Causes one to lose one's hair.
Seen/mentioned: In Philosopher's Stone, Harry visits the
"Curses and Counter-Curses" shop in Diagon Alley, on the
sign it mentioned three curses: Hair Loss, Jelly-Legs and
(Hair-Thickening Charm)
Description: Thickens one's hair.
Seen/mentioned: In Order of the Phoenix, Snape asserts
that Alicia Spinnet used it on her eyebrows even though
she was obviously hexed by a member of the Slytherin
Quidditch team.

Homenum Revelio
Pronunciation: /ˈhɒmᵻnəm rɛˈvɛlioʊ/ hom-i-nəm re-vel-
Description: Reveals humans near the caster.
Seen/mentioned: Used by Dumbledore to detect Harry
under his Invisibility Cloak, but first named when used
multiple times by various characters in Deathly Hallows.
Also used by Hermione upon her, Ron, and Harry's arrival
at Grimmauld Place after being attacked by Death Eaters
in Tottenham Court Road, after the wedding.[13]
(Homorphus Charm)
Description: Causes an Animagus or transfigured object
to assume its normal shape.
Seen/mentioned: According to Lockhart, he used it to
force the Wagga Wagga Werewolf to take its human
form. It was, however, used by Lupin and Sirius on the rat
named Scabbers to reveal that he was Peter Pettigrew in
Prisoner of Azkaban.
(Horton-Keitch Braking Charm)
Description: This spell was first used on the Comet 140 to
prevent players from overshooting the goal posts and
from flying off-sides.
Seen/mentioned: Mentioned in Quidditch Through the
Ages as the charm that gave the Comet 140 an advantage
over the Cleansweep.
(Hot-Air Charm)
Description: Causes wand to emit hot air.
Seen/mentioned: Used by Hermione Granger in Order of
the Phoenix to dry off her robes. Also used shortly after
to melt snow. Also was used by Albus Dumbledore in
Half-Blood Prince to dry Harry's and his own robes.
(Hover Charm)
Description: An object is levitated off the ground and
moved according to the caster. See Locomotor,
Mobiliarbus and Wingardium Leviosa.
Seen/mentioned: Used by Dobby silently in Chamber of
Secrets to levitate a cake, of which Harry is accused. Also
used by Xenophilius to clear rubble off his stairs in
Deathly Hallows.
(Hurling Hex)
Description: Causes brooms to vibrate violently in the air
and try to buck their rider off.
Seen/mentioned: In Philosopher's Stone, Quirinus
Quirrell may have been casting a wordless and wandless
version of this spell on Harry's broom during his
Quidditch match. Flitwick suggested that Harry's
confiscated Firebolt might be jinxed with this spell.

Impedimenta (Impediment Jinx, Impediment Curse)

Pronunciation: /ɪmˌpɛdᵻˈmɛntə/ im-ped-i-men-tə
Description: This powerful spell is capable of tripping,
freezing, binding, knocking back and generally impeding
the target's progress towards the caster. The extent to
which the spell's specific action can be controlled by the
caster is not made clear. If this spell does bind, it does
eventually wear off as stated in Deathly Hallows.
Seen/mentioned: Used in Goblet of Fire when Harry is
practising for the third task. Also used by Madam Hooch
to briefly stop Harry from fighting with Draco. Also seen
toward the end of Order of the Phoenix, when Harry is
fighting the Death Eaters. Stronger uses of this spell
seem capable of blowing targets away.

Imperio (Imperius Curse)

Pronunciation: /ɪmˈpɪərioʊ/ im-peer-ee-oh
Description: Causes the victim of the curse to obey the
spoken/unspoken commands of the caster. The
experience of being controlled by this curse is described
as a complete, wonderful release from any sense of
responsibility or worry over one's actions, at the price of
one's free will. Resisting the effect of the curse is
possible, however, and several individuals have been
able to successfully overcome it, including Harry and
both of the Crouches, who learn to resist the curse after
being subjected to its effects for an extended period.
Harry describes the feeling of being the caster as
controlling a marionette through a wand (although
Harry's particular experience is suspect due to his lack of
commitment to casting Unforgivable Curses). One of the
three Unforgivable Curses.
Seen/mentioned: First mentioned (not by name) in the
first book when Ron told Harry that during the first war
Lucius Malfoy claimed that he had been jinxed, thus
evading imprisonment. First seen in Goblet of Fire
introduced by Barty Crouch Jr. (acting as Moody) and
used on a spider. Later seen in the book when Barty
Crouch Jr., acting as Professor Moody, used it on all the
students to see if they would be able to overcome it.
Barty Crouch Sr. had used it on Barty Crouch Jr., who
then escaped it and used it on his father before killing
him in the fourth book. Used by Harry in Deathly Hallows
on a Gringotts goblin and Travers, and by the Death
Eaters on Pius Thicknesse.
(Imperturbable Charm)
Description: Makes objects such as doors impenetrable
(by everything, including sounds and objects).
Seen/mentioned: The spell is used by Mrs Weasley in
Order of the Phoenix on the door of the room in which
an Order meeting was being held, to prevent her sons,
Fred and George, from eavesdropping (using their
extendable ears). Also mentioned in Half-Blood Prince
when Harry, Ron, and Hermione followed Draco to
Borgin and Burkes and used extendable ears.
Impervius (Impervius Charm)
Pronunciation: /ɪmˈpɜːrviəs/ im-pur-vee-əs
Description: This spell makes something repel (literally,
become impervious to) substances and outside forces,
including water.
Seen/mentioned: Used by Hermione in Prisoner of
Azkaban on Harry's glasses while in a Quidditch match
and also by the Gryffindor Quidditch team in Order of the
Phoenix, both times to allow team members to see in a
driving rain. Also used in Deathly Hallows, first by Ron to
protect objects in Yaxley's office from rain, and then by
Hermione in an attempt to protect Harry, Ron and
Griphook from the burning treasure in the Lestranges'
Pronunciation: /ɪŋˈkɑːrsərəs/ ing-kar-sər-əs
Description: Ties someone or something up with ropes.
Seen/mentioned: An unnamed spell, presumably
incarcerous, is used by Lupin to tie up Snape in the
Shrieking Shack in Prisoner of Azkaban and likewise in
Goblet of Fire when Pettigrew ties Harry to Tom Riddle's
grave. Incarcerous itself is first heard in Order of the
Phoenix, when Umbridge gets in a battle with the
centaurs. Also used by Harry on the Inferi in Voldemort's
Horcrux chamber, in Half-Blood Prince, and later again
when Harry tries to bound Snape after the death of

Pronunciation: /ɪnˈsɛndioʊ/ in-sen-dee-oh
Description: Produces fire.[10] Flames burst out flying.
Seen/mentioned: It is first seen in Harry Potter and the
Philosopher's Stone when Hagrid (nonverbally) produces
fire out of his umbrella in the little house the Dursleys
took refuge in (from the Hogwarts letters). In Half-Blood
Prince, this spell is used several times in battle, for
instance when Hagrid's hut is set ablaze.
(Intruder Charm)
Description: Detects intruders and sounds an alarm.
Seen/mentioned: Slughorn had it on a temporary Muggle
owned house he was living in, allowing him to detect
Dumbledore and Harry as they approached in Half-Blood
(Jelly-Brain Jinx)
Description: Presumably affects the target's mental
Seen/mentioned: During the September 1999 riot that
took place during the Puddlemere/Holyhead Quidditch
(Jelly-Fingers Curse)
Description: Causes the target's fingers to become
almost jelly-like to make it impossible for the victim to
grasp objects. If the opponent touches a wall, he/she will
be stuck to it forever.
Seen/mentioned: After a June 1999 Portree/Arrows
Quidditch game, the losing Seeker accused his opposite
number of putting this curse on him as they both closed
in on the Snitch.
(Jelly-Legs Jinx)
Description: A jinx that renders its victim's legs
temporarily useless, leaving him/her to wobble around
helplessly until the effect wears off or the counter-jinx is
Seen/mentioned: First mentioned as one of the jinxes in
the book Curses and Counter-Curses.[PS Ch.5] First used
on Harry, while practising for the Third Task of the
Triwizard Tournament, by Hermione.[GF Ch.31] At the
end of the term, Draco, Crabbe and Goyle tried to harass
Harry on the Hogwarts Express and were hit with a few
hexes, curses and jinxes, including the Jelly-Legs Jinx (cast
by George Weasley).[GF Ch.37]
(Knee-Reversal Hex)
Description: Causes the victim's knees to appear on the
opposite side of his/her legs.
Seen/mentioned: In Quidditch Through the Ages, Gertie
Keddle uses this hex when a man playing an early form of
Quidditch comes to retrieve his ball from her garden.
Pronunciation: /ˈlæŋlɒk/ lang-lok
Description: Glues the victim's tongue to the roof of
his/her mouth. Created by Severus Snape.
Seen/mentioned: Used by Harry in Half-Blood Prince on
Peeves and on Argus Filch, to general applause.

Pronunciation: /lɛˈdʒɪlᵻmɛnz/ le-jil-i-menz
Description: Allows the caster to delve into the mind of
the victim, allowing the caster to see the memories,
thoughts, and emotions of the victim.
Seen/mentioned: Used by Snape on Harry during
Occlumency lessons in Order of the Phoenix and by
Dumbledore on Kreacher. Also used nonverbally by
Snape on Harry in Half-Blood Prince to allow him to see
where Harry had learned the Sectumsempra spell. Used
by Lord Voldemort multiple times to see Harry's
Notes: See also Legilimency for more information.

Pronunciation: /lɛvᵻˈkɔːrpəs/ lev-i-kor-pəs (usually
Description: The victim is dangled upside-down by one of
his/her ankles, sometimes accompanied by a flash of
white light.[14] Created by Severus Snape. Its counter
curse is Liberacorpus.
Seen/mentioned: It was originally shown to be a
nonverbal-only spell, but in the Deathly Hallows, the text
shows that Hermione whispers it to lift Harry so he can
steal the Cup of Helga Hufflepuff. Harry learns it by
reading the notes written by the Half-Blood Prince. He
inadvertently uses it on Ron in Half-Blood Prince. In
addition, in Order of Phoenix, Harry sees (through the
Pensieve) his father, James, use the spell against Snape.
Notes: Though Harry initially learns Levicorpus as a
nonverbal spell, it is used verbally by James Potter in The
Order of the Phoenix and by Hermione Granger in The
Deathly Hallows.

Pronunciation: /ˌlɪbərəˈkɔːrpəs/ lib-ər-ə-kor-pəs
Description: The counter spell to Levicorpus. Created by
Severus Snape.
Seen/mentioned: Harry uses the spell in Half-Blood
Prince to counteract the Levicorpus spell he
inadvertently casts on Ron. Harry also casts it on himself
in Deathly Hallows after managing to retrieve the
Horcrux from the shelf in the Lestrange's vault.

Pronunciation: /ˌloʊkoʊˈmoʊtɔːr/ loh-ko-moh-tor
Description: The spell is always used with the name of a
target, at which the wand is pointed (e.g. "Locomotor
Trunk!"). The spell causes the named object to rise in the
air and move around at the will of the caster.
Seen/mentioned: Used by Tonks in Order of the Phoenix
to move Harry's trunk from his room. Flitwick similarly
uses it to move Sybill Trelawney's trunk after Umbridge
sacks her. Parvati Patil and Lavender Brown use this spell
to race their pencil cases around the edges of the table.
A variation seen in Deathly Hallows is Piertotum
Locomotor, which animated the suits of armour in
Locomotor Mortis (Leg-Locker Curse)
Pronunciation: /ˌloʊkoʊˈmoʊtɔːr ˈmɔːrtᵻs/ loh-ko-moh-
tor mor-tis
Description: Locks the legs together, preventing the
victim from moving the legs in any fashion. The target
can hop when affected by this curse, but walking is
impossible without the countercurse
Seen/mentioned: Used by Draco on Neville Longbottom
in Philosopher's Stone. Also mentioned further on in the
book as Ron and Hermione prepare to use it on Snape
during a Quidditch match. Used by Harry on Draco, who
deflects it, in Half-Blood Prince.

"Lumos" redirects here. For the charity, see Lumos
Pronunciation: /ˈljuːmɒs/ lew-mos
Description: Creates a narrow beam of light that shines
from the wand's tip, like a torch.[10]
Seen/mentioned: First seen in Chamber of Secrets and
then constantly throughout the series.
Notes: The counter spell, Nox, extinguishes the light. The
caster of this spell can cast other spells while this spell is
in effect.
Meteolojinx Recanto
Pronunciation: /ˌmiːtiːˈɒloʊdʒɪŋks rɛˈkæntoʊ/ mee-tee-
ol-ə-jingks re-kan-toh
Description: Causes weather effects caused by
incantations to cease.
Seen/mentioned: Suggested in Deathly Hallows by Arthur
Weasley to Ron (disguised by the Polyjuice Potion as
Reginald 'Reg' Cattermole from Magical Maintenance) as
the best way to clear up the incessant rain in Yaxley's
office at the Ministry.

Pronunciation: /ˌmoʊbɪliˈɑːrbəs/ moh-bil-ee-ar-bəs
Description: Lifts a tree a few inches off the ground and
levitates it to where the caster points his or her wand.
Seen/mentioned: In Prisoner of Azkaban, Hermione uses
the spell to move a Christmas Tree in The Three
Broomsticks beside her table to hide Harry, who was in
Hogsmeade illegally.

Pronunciation: /ˌmoʊbɪliˈkɔːrpəs/ moh-bil-ee-kor-pəs
Description: Lifts a body a few inches off the ground and
levitates it where the caster points his or her wand[10]
Seen/mentioned: Sirius Black uses it on Severus Snape in
Prisoner of Azkaban.
Morsmordre (Dark Mark)
Pronunciation: /mɔːrzˈmɔːrdrə/ morz-mor-drə
Description: Conjures the Dark Mark, Voldemort's mark.
It is often used to mark deaths, or cause terror (as at the
Quidditch World Cup in The Goblet of Fire)
Seen/mentioned: Used by Barty Crouch Jr in Goblet of
Fire. Also seen in Half-Blood Prince over the castle to lure
Dumbledore to his death. Voldemort apparently
invented it. According to Mr. Weasley, very few wizards
know how to cast this spell.

Pronunciation: /ˌmʌfliˈɑːtoʊ/ muf-lee-ah-toh
Description: Keeps nearby people, or those to whom the
wand is directed, from hearing nearby conversations.[14]
Seen/mentioned: It is used in Half-Blood Prince by Harry
and Ron on various teachers and people such as Madam
Pomfrey. Hermione also uses it in Deathly Hallows in
protection of the campsite where she and Harry stayed in

Pronunciation: /ˈnɒks/ noks
Description: Counter charm to the Lumos spell.
Seen/mentioned: In Prisoner of Azkaban, Harry and
Hermione used this spell to turn off their wand-lights in
the Shrieking Shack. Also used in Deathly Hallows when
Harry was in the passage beneath the Whomping Willow
that leads to the Shrieking Shack.
(Obliteration Charm)
Description: Removes things not wished to be seen
Seen/mentioned: Used by Hermione in Order of the
Phoenix to remove the footprints that she, Harry, and
Ron left in the snow. Also used in Deathly Hallows by
Hermione to remove the footprints she and Harry leave
behind them in the snow as they journey through
Godric's Hollow.
Notes: The above instances only reveal that the
Obliteration Charm can remove footprints. There is no
explanation as to what effect it can have on other things.
Obliviate (Memory Charm)
Pronunciation: /oʊˈblɪvieɪt/ oh-bliv-ee-ayt
Description: Used to hide a memory of a particular event.
Seen/mentioned: First mentioned (not by name) in the
Philosopher's Stone by Ron that it was used on Muggles
who have seen dragons. First used in Chamber of Secrets
by Lockhart who wanted to use it on Harry and Ron; the
spell backfired because Ron's wand had been damaged,
causing Lockhart to lose most of his own memory (which
he never recovers). In Goblet of Fire, it is used by an
unknown Ministry worker on Mr. Roberts and later the
rest of his family. In Deathly Hallows, Hermione uses the
spell on two Death Eaters who had followed Harry, Ron,
and Hermione after their escape from Bill Weasley and
Fleur's wedding. Also used by Hermione on Xenophilius
Lovegood after destroying his house in Deathly Hallows
and erasing her parents memories of herself.

Pronunciation: /ɒbˈskjʊəroʊ/ ob-skewr-oh
Description: Causes a blindfold to appear over the
victim's eyes, obstructing his/her view of his/her
Seen/mentioned: Used by Hermione in Deathly Hallows
to obstruct Phineas Nigellus Black's portrait's view of
their location.
Pronunciation: /əˈpʌɡnoʊ/ ə-pug-noh
Description: Causes conjured objects to attack.
Seen/mentioned: Used by Hermione in Half-Blood Prince
to attack Ron with a conjured flock of canaries (also see
Pronunciation: /ɔːrˈkɪdiəs/ or-kid-ee-əs
Description: Makes a bouquet of flowers appear out of
the caster's wand.
Seen/mentioned: Used in Goblet of Fire by Ollivander to
test Fleur's wand.
Pronunciation: /ˈpæk/ pak, as in English
Description: Packs a trunk, or perhaps any luggage.
Seen/mentioned: Used in Prisoner of Azkaban by Lupin in
his office, and in Order of the Phoenix by Tonks, once
verbally and again non-verbally.
(Permanent Sticking Charm)
Description: Makes objects permanently stay in place.
Seen/mentioned: First mentioned in Order of the
Phoenix, Sirius suspects that his mother's painting was
fixed to the wall with such a Charm. In Deathly Hallows,
Harry discovers that it was used by Sirius to permanently
affix his pictures to the wall in his room.

Petrificus Totalus (Body-Bind Curse)

Pronunciation: /pɛˈtrɪfᵻkəs toʊˈtæləs/ pe-trif-i-kəs toh-
Description: Used to temporarily bind the victim's body
in a position much like that of a soldier at attention; this
spell does not restrict breathing or seeing, and the victim
will usually fall to the ground.[10]
Seen/mentioned: First used in Philosopher's Stone by
Hermione, who was trying to prevent Neville from
stopping her, Ron, and Harry from leaving the common
room to hunt for the Philosopher's Stone.[PS Ch.16] It is
then used throughout the rest of the series, especially
during the Battle of the Department of Mysteries in
Order of the Phoenix. Seen in Half-Blood Prince twice: in
the beginning, Draco uses the spell against Harry on the
train, and later when Dumbledore casts the spell non-
verbally to make Harry freeze so he does not give himself
away in the Astronomy Tower. The spell was broken
when Dumbledore was killed.
Notes: The eyes of the target remain mobile, as seen in
the Philosopher's Stone, and in the Deathly Hallows.
Piertotum Locomotor
Pronunciation: /paɪ.ərˈtoʊtəm loʊkoʊˈmoʊtɔːr/ py-ər-
toh-təm loh-ko-moh-tor
Description: Spell used to animate statues and suits of
armour to do the caster's bidding.
Seen/mentioned: In Deathly Hallows, McGonagall uses
this spell to animate the suits of armour and statues
within Hogwarts to defend the castle.[15]
(Placement Charm)
Description: A charm which temporarily places an object
upon a desired target.
Seen/mentioned: Mentioned in Fantastic Beasts and
Where to Find Them.

Point Me (Four-Point Spell)

Pronunciation: /ˈpɔɪntmiː/ poynt-mee, as in English
Description: Causes the caster's wand tip to point to the
north cardinal point, acting like a compass.
Seen/mentioned: By Harry during the third task of the
Triwizard Tournament in Goblet of Fire.
Pronunciation: /ˈpɔːrtəs/ port-əs
Description: Turns an object into a portkey. The object
glows an odd blue colour to show it has been
transformed into a portkey, then goes solid again.[OotP
Seen/mentioned: Used by Dumbledore in Order of the
Notes: Portkeys were first seen in Goblet of Fire as a
means for Harry, Hermione, and the Weasleys to go to
the Quidditch World Cup. However, the spell used in its
creation was not seen until Order of the Phoenix when
Dumbledore creates a Portkey to get Harry Potter and
Fred, George, Ron, and Ginny Weasley to Grimmauld
Place.[OotP Ch.22] Also requires Ministry approval to

Prior Incantato
See also: Magic in Harry Potter § Priori Incantatem
Pronunciation: /ˈpraɪɔːr ˌɪŋkænˈtɑːtoʊ/ pry-or ing-kan-
Description: Causes the echo (a shadow or image) of the
last spell cast by a wand to emanate from it.
Seen/mentioned: Used by Amos Diggory in Goblet of Fire
to discover the last spell cast by Harry's wand after it was
found in the hands of Winky, a house-elf. Mentioned in
Deathly Hallows as a means of discovering that Harry had
been casting spells with Hermione's wand (implying that
his own was broken).
(Protean Charm)
Description: Causes copies of an object to be remotely
affected by changes made to the original.
Seen/mentioned: First used in Order of the Phoenix.
Hermione put the charm on a number of fake
Galleons.[7] Instead of the serial number around the
edge of the coin, the time and date of the next meeting
of Dumbledore's Army appeared. Said to be a spell at
NEWT level.

Protego (Shield Charm)

Pronunciation: /proʊˈteɪɡoʊ/ proh-tay-goh
Description: The Shield Charm[11] causes minor to strong
jinxes, curses, and hexes to rebound upon the attacker,
or at least prevents them from having their full effect. It
can also cause a shield to erupt from the caster's wand.
Seen/mentioned: First seen in Goblet of Fire, in which
Harry Potter is taught this spell by Hermione Granger in
preparation for the third task in the Triwizard
Tournament. Also used throughout the series. Examples
are in Order of the Phoenix when Harry blocks Snape's
Legilimency after a lengthy Occlumency lessons and
when Harry is duelling the Death Eaters. Harry later uses
this spell in Half-Blood Prince to block Snape's jinx when
he was showing Ron how to cast a spell without saying a
word. Harry later uses it in Deathly Hallows to separate
Ron and Hermione when they are fighting.
Protego Horribilis
Pronunciation: /proʊˈteɪɡoʊ hɒˈrɪbᵻlɪs/ proh-tay-goh
Description: Provides some form of protection against
Dark Magic.
Seen/mentioned: Cast by Flitwick in an attempt to
strengthen the castle's defences in Deathly Hallows
Protego Totalum
Pronunciation: /proʊˈteɪɡoʊ toʊˈtæləm/ proh-tay-goh
Description: Provides protection of some form for an
area or dwelling.
Seen/mentioned: In Deathly Hallows, this is one of the
spells used by Hermione and Harry to protect their camp
site from unwanted visitors.

Pronunciation: /kwaɪˈeɪtəs/ kwy-ay-təs
Description: Makes a magically magnified voice return to
Seen/mentioned: Used in Goblet of Fire by Ludo Bagman.
Notes: Functions as the counter spell to Sonorus.

Pronunciation: /rɛˈdjuːsioʊ/ re-dew-see-oh
Description: Makes an enlarged object smaller. Counter-
charm to Engorgio.
Seen/mentioned: Used in Goblet of Fire by Barty Crouch
Jr (as Moody) to shrink the spider he used to
demonstrate the Cruciatus Curse. Harry attempts the
spell in the Deathly Hallows when practising with Draco's
blackthorn wand.

Reducto (Reductor Curse)

Pronunciation: /rɛˈdʌktoʊ/ re-duk-toh
Description: Enables the caster to explode solid objects.
Seen/mentioned: In Goblet of Fire, Harry uses it on one
of the hedges of the Triwizard maze and ends up burning
a small hole in it; in Order of the Phoenix, Gryffindors in
Harry's year reference Parvati Patil as being able to
reduce a table full of dark detectors to ashes and Ginny
Weasley uses it in the Room of Requirement during the
practice and in the Hall of Prophecy, Department of
Mysteries; in Half Blood Prince, a member of the Order
of the Phoenix attempts to use this spell to break down a
door which Death Eaters have blocked when the Death
Eaters have cornered Dumbledore in the Lightning Struck
(Refilling Charm)
Description: Refills whatever at which the caster points
with the drink originally in the container.
Seen/mentioned: Used in Half-Blood Prince, when Harry
notices that Hagrid and Slughorn are running out of

Pronunciation: /rɛˈlæʃioʊ/ re-lash-ee-oh
Description: A charm used to force someone or
something to release that which it holds or grapples by
means of shooting fiery sparks out or, underwater,
shooting hot bursts of water.
Seen/mentioned: Used by Harry against Grindylows in
the second task of the Triwizard Tournament. When used
more expertly by Bob Ogden in Half-Blood Prince, it
threw Marvolo Gaunt backwards after an attempted
attack. Hermione uses it in Deathly Hallows to free Mrs
Cattermole from the chained chair.
Pronunciation: /ˈrɛnərveɪt/ ren-ər-vayt
Description: Brings someone out of unconsciousness.
Seen/mentioned: In Goblet of Fire, Amos Diggory uses it
to wake up Winky and Dumbledore uses it to wake up
Krum and Barty Crouch Jr. In "Half-Blood Prince", Harry
later uses it to try to reawaken a cursed Dumbledore in
the seaside cave.
Suggested etymology: Officially renamed from Ennervate
by J. K. Rowling[16]
Notes: Counter spell to Stupefy; when this spell is cast,
red light is emitted.

Pronunciation: /rɛˈpɑːroʊ/ re-par-oh
Description: Used to repair broken or damaged
Seen/mentioned: Many times throughout the books.
First used by Hermione, when she uses it to fix a broken
window. Shattered objects are often described as having
"flown" back together. However, substances contained
within broken objects are not restored.
Notes: Harry used this spell twice to repair his wand in
Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, once with a
normal wand and a second time with the "Elder Wand"
or "Wand of Destiny". Only the second attempt was
(Repelling Charm)
Description: Pushes a moving object away from an
invisible barrier.
Seen/mentioned: Quidditch Through the Ages, Chapter
4. e.g. "the wizards in the crowd forced [the snidget]
back with repelling spells".
Notes: This is only mentioned repelling the snidget (a
small but agile bird). However context suggests the spell
is a generic repelling spell, but we do not know the
extent or limitations. It was used to prevent the bird
escaping the confines of the quidditch pitch.
Repello Muggletum (Muggle-Repelling Charm)
Pronunciation: /rɛˈpɛloʊ ˈmʊɡlətəm/ re-pel-oh mug-lə-
Description: Keeps Muggles away from wizarding places
by causing them to remember important meetings they
missed and to cause the Muggles in question to forget
what they were doing in the first place.
Seen/mentioned: Mentioned in Quidditch Through the
Ages as being used to keep Muggles away from the
Quidditch World Cup. Hogwarts was also said to be
guarded by the Muggle-Repelling Charm. Harry and
Hermione also use it on numerous occasions, among
many other spells, to protect and hide their campsite in
Deathly Hallows.
Rictusempra (Tickling Charm)
Pronunciation: /ˌrɪktəˈsɛmprə/ rik-tə-sem-prə
Description: The subject experiences the sensation of
being tickled
Seen/mentioned: First seen used by Harry on Draco in
Chamber of Secrets, when they fought in the Duelling
Notes: This spell takes the form of a jet of silver light
(purple in video games).

Pronunciation: /rᵻˈdɪkələs/ ri-dik-ə-ləs[17]
Description: A spell used when fighting a Boggart,
"Riddikulus" forces the Boggart to take the appearance
of an object upon which the caster is concentrating.
When used correctly, this will be a humorous form.
Seen/mentioned: First seen in Prisoner of Azkaban, when
taught by Lupin. Then seen in Goblet of Fire on a boggart
that was in the maze in the Third Task. Finally seen in
Order of the Phoenix, when Mrs Weasley tries to cast
Riddikulus on a Boggart in Grimmauld Place.
Notes: The effect depends on what the caster is thinking.
Neville concentrates on his grandmother's dress, causing
a Boggart in the form of Snape to appear in it.
Salvio Hexia
Pronunciation: /ˈsælvioʊ ˈhɛksiə/ sal-vee-oh hek-see-ə
Description: Provides some form of protection against
Seen/mentioned: Harry and Hermione cast this spell to
strengthen their campsite's defences against intruders in
Deathly Hallows.
Scourgify (Scouring Charm)
Pronunciation: /ˈskɜːrdʒᵻfaɪ/ skur-ji-fy
Description: Used to clean something.[7][10]
Seen/mentioned: First used by Tonks to clean Hedwig's
cage in Order of the Phoenix. Later, Ginny performs the
spell to clean up Stinksap in the Hogwarts Express. While
looking at Snape's memories, Harry sees James use the
spell on Snape's mouth.

Pronunciation: /ˌsɛktəmˈsɛmprə/ sek-təm-sem-prə
Description: Violently wounds the target; described as
being as though the subject had been "slashed by a
sword".[14] Created by Severus Snape.
Seen/mentioned: First seen in Order of the Phoenix
when Snape uses it in his memory against James, but
misses and only lightly cuts his cheek. Used successfully
by Harry in Half-Blood Prince against Draco, and then
later against the Inferi in Voldemort's Horcrux chamber,
and Snape during his flight from Hogwarts. In the
opening chapters of Deathly Hallows, Snape accidentally
casts this curse against George Weasley in the Order's
flight from Privet Drive, though George was not his
intended target. [DH Ch.3] It is known as a speciality of
Snape's. [DH Ch.5]
Notes: Though Snape was able to mend the wounds
inflicted on Draco by this curse with ease, with "an
incantation that sounded almost like song", Mrs Weasley
was unable to heal her son George when his ear was
severed by the curse. It was discovered in an old copy of
Advanced Potion Making by Harry; Sectumsempra was
invented by Snape with the words "For enemies" written
next to it.

Pronunciation: /ˌsɜːrpənˈsɔːrtiə/ sur-pən-sor-tee-ə
Description: Conjures a serpent from the spell caster's
Seen/mentioned: Used by Draco whilst duelling Harry in
Chamber of Secrets and Voldemort in the duel against
Dumbledore in Order of the Phoenix.

Silencio (Silencing Charm)

Pronunciation: /sɪˈlɛnsioʊ/ si-len-see-oh
Description: Silences something immediately[7][10]
Seen/mentioned: First used by Hermione in Order of the
Phoenix to silence a frog and a raven in Charms class,
then later to silence a Death Eater who was trying to use
a spell against Harry Potter. It was also used by
Voldemort in Deathly Hallows during the Battle of
(Slug-Vomiting Charm)
Description: A jet of green light strikes the victim, who
then vomits slugs for an undefined period of time
(greater than five hours). The sizes of the vomited slugs
decrease with time.
Seen/mentioned: In Chamber of Secrets, Ron attempts to
use it on Draco by saying "Eat Slugs"; the spell backfired
and hit him instead. Mentioned in Order of the Phoenix
before Gryffindor's first Quidditch Match against
Slytherin when Draco taunts Ron, "Harry was reminded
forcibly of the time that Ron had accidentally put a Slug-
Vomiting Charm on himself".[OotP Ch.19]
Pronunciation: /sɒˈnɔərəs/ son-nohr-əs
Description: Magnifies the spell caster's voice,
functioning as a magical megaphone
Seen/mentioned: By Ludo Bagman and Cornelius Fudge
in Goblet of Fire to commentate at the Quidditch World
Cup and during the Triwizard Tournament. Also used by
Dumbledore to silence everyone in the Great Hall in
Goblet of Fire. Used by Voldemort several times during
the Battle of Hogwarts in Deathly Hallows.
Notes: The counter-spell is Quietus.[citation needed]
Specialis Revelio (Scarpin's Revelaspell)
Pronunciation: /ˌspɛsiˈælᵻs rɛˈvɛlioʊ/ spes-ee-al-is re-vel-
Description: Causes an object to show its hidden secrets
or magical properties.
Seen/mentioned: Used by Hermione to find out more of
Harry's Advanced Potion-Making book in Half-Blood
Prince. Used by Ernie Macmillan to find out the
ingredients of a potion.
(Stealth Sensoring Spell)
Description: Detects those under magical disguise.
Seen/mentioned: In Order of the Phoenix, Umbridge
casts this around her office. Also used at the entrance to
the Ministry of Magic.
(Stinging Hex/Stinging Jinx)
Description: Produces a stinging sensation in the victim,
resulting in angry red welts and occasionally the severe
inflammation of the affected area.
Seen/mentioned: Harry inadvertently casts one on Snape
during Occlumency lessons in Order of the Phoenix.
Hermione casts the Stinging Hex on Harry in Deathly
Hallows to purposefully distort Harry's appearance.

Stupefy (Stunning Spell, Stupefying Charm, Stunner)

Pronunciation: /ˈstjuːpᵻfaɪ/ stew-pi-fy
Description: Puts the victim in an unconscious state.
Manifests as a jet of red light.
Seen/mentioned: First seen in Goblet of Fire, used by
Ministry officials at the Quidditch World Cup and later
against Barty Crouch Jr.. Also seen used by a number of
Ministry officials against McGonagall in Order of the
Phoenix. It is also taught by Harry in his Dumbledore's
Army meetings and used extensively during the Battle of
the Department of Mysteries against the Death Eaters. Is
seen by some, including Harry himself, as the basic spell
for fighting. Death Eaters, Ministry Officials, Order
members and students all seem to refer to this spell as
their preferred attack.
Notes: Hagrid was able to withstand multiple direct
Stunners due to being half-giant, and Goblet of Fire
shows six to seven wizards working in unison to Stun a
single dragon.[citation needed]
(Supersensory Charm)
Description: Able to possess superior senses than before.
Seen/mentioned: Mentioned by Ron outside of the
Hogwarts Express during the epilogue of Deathly Hallows
as a potential substitute for using mirrors while driving a
(Switching Spell)
Description: Causes two objects to be switched for one
Seen/mentioned: Harry contemplates using this spell
against his dragon in the first task of the Triwizard
Tournament. Neville also uses this in Transfiguration
class in Goblet of Fire, and accidentally transplants his
ears onto a cactus.
Description: A jinx which may be placed upon a word or a
name, so that whenever that word is spoken, a magical
disturbance is created that alerts the caster of the Taboo
to the location of the speaker. Any protective
enchantments in effect around the speaker are broken
when the Tabooed word is spoken aloud.
Seen/mentioned: In Deathly Hallows, this spell is placed
on the word "Voldemort"; Harry, Ron and Hermione are
tracked this way to Tottenham Court Road. Ron tells the
other two to stop using the word as he began to fear the
name might be a jinx, later discovering it to be a Taboo.
The Taboo on Voldemort's name proves useful in
identifying supporters of Harry Potter, since the name is
so feared that only "rebels" dare speak it. Later in the
book, Harry accidentally says Voldemort's name again,
resulting in the trio being caught by Snatchers and taken
to Malfoy Manor.

Pronunciation: /təˌræntəˈlɛɡrə/ tə-ran-tə-leg-rə
Description: Makes victim's legs dance uncontrollably, so
the victim cannot control his or her movements (recalling
the tarantella dance).
Seen/mentioned: First used by Draco on Harry in the
Duelling Club in Chamber of Secrets. It can be stopped
using Finite, as mentioned in Order of the Phoenix. It is
notably used against Neville in the Department of
Mysteries, causing the prophecy to be broken.
Pronunciation: /ˈtɜːrdʒioʊ/ tur-jee-oh
Description: Siphons material from a surface, (e.g., blood,
ink, dust, etc.)
Seen/mentioned: Hermione uses this spell in Half-Blood
Prince to remove blood from Harry's face, as well as to
remove ink from an essay that Ron had completed
previously. It was used in Deathly Hallows to clean off a
handkerchief by Ron, and to dust off a picture of Gellert
Grindelwald in Bathilda Bagshot's house.
(Tongue-Tying Curse)
Description: A curse that prevents certain information
from being revealed by the individual upon whom the
spell is placed. The curse manifests itself by causing the
tongue to temporarily curl backwards upon itself.
Seen/mentioned: First mentioned as one of the spells in
Curses and Counter-Curses.[PS Ch.5] Seen in Deathly
Hallows as a deterrent to Snape, or any other unwanted
visitor of Number 12 Grimmauld Place, from betraying
their location to anyone else.
(Transmogrifian Torture)
Seen/mentioned: Gilderoy Lockhart suggested that it was
this curse that "killed" Mrs Norris after she was really
found petrified on a torch bracket in Chamber of
(Trip Jinx)
Description: Causes the victim of the jinx to trip and
Seen/mentioned: Used by Draco in Order of the Phoenix,
to catch Harry when he was fleeing after Dumbledore's
Army was discovered.
(Unbreakable Vow)
Description: Causes a vow taken by a witch or wizard to
be inviolable; if he or she should break it, the
consequence is death. It manifests itself as interlinking
chains of fire binding the clasped hands of the people
taking the Vow; the fire shoots out as a tongue of flame
from the wand of the Binder (a witness to the Vow) every
time the person who takes the vow makes a promise.
The flames then form into the linking chains. According
to Ron Weasley, the spell causes death to anyone who
breaks the vow.
Seen/mentioned: Snape takes an Unbreakable Vow with
Narcissa Malfoy at the beginning of Half-Blood Prince,
vowing to help Narcissa's son Draco with a task given to
him by Voldemort, and to finish the task should Draco
prove incapable.[HBP Ch.2] Fred and George attempted
to force an Unbreakable Vow upon Ron as children.
(Undetectable Extension Charm)
Description: Causes a container's capacity to be
increased, without changing the object's external
appearance, or its weight noticeably. The container may
be carried or used as normal.
Seen/mentioned: This spell is used by Mr Weasley to
allow eight people, six large trunks, two owls, and a rat
to fit comfortably inside his modified Ford Anglia in
Chamber of Secrets. Hermione casts this spell upon her
small beaded handbag in Deathly Hallows. Probably used
in Goblet of Fire to make the tents internal appearance
(Unbreakable Charm)
Description: Causes an object to become unbreakable.
Seen/mentioned: Hermione uses this spell in Goblet of
Fire on a glass jar containing Rita Skeeter in her
unregistered animagus form (a beetle) so as to make
sure she could not return to human form.

Pronunciation: /ˌwɑːdiˈwɑːsi/ wah-dee-wah-see
Description: Appears to launch small objects through the
Seen/mentioned: Used only once in the series, by Lupin
in Prisoner of Azkaban to expel a wad of chewing gum
from the key hole Peeves put it in, launching it up
Peeves' left nostril.

Wingardium Leviosa (Levitation Charm)

Pronunciation: /wɪŋˈɡɑːrdiəm ˌlɛviˈoʊsə/ wing-gar-dee-
əm lev-ee-oh-sə
Description: Levitates objects.[2][10]
Seen/mentioned: First seen in The Philosopher's Stone,
when Flitwick's first-year class practice the spell on
feathers. Later in that book, Ron performs the spell on
the club of a mountain troll.[PS Ch.10] Harry uses it to
hold himself up on Hagrid's motorbike much later on, in
The Deathly Hallows. Later in the same book, Ron uses it
to prod the knot at the base of the Whomping Willow
with a twig to allow him, Harry and Hermione into the
Shrieking Shack.[DH Ch.32]